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SAMHSA News - January/February 2008, Volume 16, Number 1

Survey Offers Snapshot of Treatment Facilities & Services

A new SAMHSA survey is available on the characteristics and locations of facilities providing alcohol and drug abuse treatment services around the Nation.

The report, National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS): 2006, presents findings from the 2006 N-SSATS.

Specifically, the survey gives a snapshot of the substance abuse treatment delivery system, helps SAMHSA and state and local governments assess the type and level of services provided in treatment facilities, and provides information on how widely facilities and programs are used.

Facility Characteristics

A total of 14,577 facilities completed the initial survey, with a response rate of 96.5 percent. Of all surveyed, 13,771 facilities were eligible for this report and reported more than 1.1 million clients in treatment on March 31, 2006.

The report’s major findings for facilities providing substance abuse treatment include:

  • Facilities operated by private nonprofit organizations made up the bulk of the treatment system on March 31, 2006 (59 percent). Private, for-profit facilities accounted for 28 percent of all facilities, with the remaining facilities operated by local governments (7 percent), state governments (3 percent), the Federal Government (2 percent), and tribal governments (1 percent).

  • Ninety-one percent of all nonhospital residential beds, and 90 percent of all hospital inpatient beds designated for substance abuse treatment, were in use on March 31, 2006.

  • The majority of treatment facilities (59 percent) received Federal, state, or local government funds for the provision of substance abuse treatment services.

  • Most facilities (83 percent) offered specially designed programs or groups exclusively for specific client types. Special programs or groups for clients with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders were offered by 37 percent of facilities, for adult women by 32 percent, for adolescents by 32 percent, for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or driving while intoxicated offenders by 31 percent, for criminal justice clients by 28 percent, and for adult men by 25 percent.

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N-SSATS Objectives

This report presents highlights from the 2006 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS), conducted between March and October 2006, with a reference date of March 31, 2006.

N-SSATS collects data that can be used to analyze trends in substance abuse treatment services. Survey data also is used to update information in SAMHSA’s Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator and to generate SAMHSA’s National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs. (See SAMHSA News online, July/August 2007.)

For free print copies of this report, call SAMHSA’s Health Information Network at 1-877-SAMHSA-7 (1-877-726-4727). Request inventory number SMA06-4296.

Free PDF copies of this report are available on SAMHSA’s Web site at

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