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SAMHSA News - March/April 2008, Volume 16, Number 2


State by State: Substance Use, Mental Health Statistics

A new report from SAMHSA gives a state-level view of substance abuse and mental health problems across the Nation.

The report, State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, focuses on data collected from interviews with youth and adults. The report offers estimates for 23 measures, with topic areas including illicit drug use, alcohol use, tobacco use, and mental health problems.

Illicit Drug Use

The combined data from 2 years of SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) show that 10.4 percent of all persons age 12 or older reported marijuana use in the past year. Young adults reported the highest rate of past-year use of marijuana (28.0 percent).

Vermont had the highest rates of past-year and past-month marijuana use among persons age 12 or older (15.5 percent and 9.7 percent, respectively). Vermont also had the highest rates of past-year and past-month marijuana use among persons age 18 to 25 (41.9 percent and 28.3 percent, respectively).

In contrast, Utah had the lowest rates of past-year and past-month marijuana use among persons age 18 to 25 (18.9 percent and 9.6 percent, respectively), and that state also had the lowest rates of past-year and past-month marijuana use among persons age 12 or older (4.3 percent).

During 2005 to 2006, 5.0 percent of all people age 12 or older reported having used pain relievers nonmedically in the past year—an increase of 4.8 percent over the previous period of 2004 to 2005. (See SAMHSA News online, November/December 2007 and January/February 2008.)

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Substance Dependence and Abuse

Past-year dependence on or abuse of alcohol remained unchanged between 2004 to 2005 and 2005 to 2006 at 7.7 percent for all persons age 12 or older.

Nationally, in 2005 to 2006, about 2.8 percent of people age 12 or older were dependent on or had abused illicit drugs in the past year. Among youth age 12 to 17, the rate of illicit drug dependence or abuse was 4.7 percent in 2005 to 2006, down from 5.0 percent in 2004 to 2005.

Eight states that ranked in the highest fifth for past-year alcohol dependence or abuse also ranked in the top fifth for past-year dependence on or abuse of alcohol or illicit drugs among people age 12 or older (Colorado, District of Columbia, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming).

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Mental Health Problems

In 2005 to 2006, 11.3 percent of adults age 18 or older reported experiencing serious psychological distress (SPD). Nationally the rate of adults age 18 to 25 experiencing SPD decreased from 19.4 percent in 2004 to 2005 to 18.1 percent in 2005 to 2006.

The rate of people age 18 or older having a past-year major depressive episode (MDE) was 7.3 percent, a decrease from 2004 to 2005 (7.7 percent). For this population, Nevada had the highest rate (9.4 percent) of experiencing MDE in the past year, and Hawaii had the lowest rate (5.0 percent).

In addition, in 2005 to 2006, there were national-level decreases in MDE rates among youth age 12 to 17 and adults age 18 to 25 as compared to levels in 2004 to 2005.

State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health is available on the Web at www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k6state/2k6state.pdf.

For related publications and information, visit the Web site of SAMHSA’s Office of Applied Studies at www.oas.samhsa.govEnd of Article

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State Statistics on Alcohol Use

Recent state data (2005 to 2006) include the following:

Past-month alcohol use. Among all persons age 12 or older, the rate of past-month alcohol use ranged from a low of 32.4 percent in Utah to a high of 63.1 percent in Wisconsin.

Binge alcohol use. The rate of binge alcohol use among youth age 12 to 17 decreased from 10.5 percent in 2004 to 2005 to 10.1 percent in 2005 to 2006. However, the rates among young adults age 18 to 25 and those age 26 and older did not change. The highest rate of binge drinking occurred among people age 18 to 25, with North Dakota posting the highest rate in the age group (56.5 percent).

Underage drinking. At the national level, no significant change occurred in underage alcohol use between 2004 to 2005 and 2005 to 2006. Past-month underage drinking ranged from a low of 21.5 percent in Utah to a high of 38.3 percent in Vermont. Georgia had the lowest rate for past-month underage binge drinking, and North Dakota had the highest rate (28.5 percent). End of Article

 

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Inside This Issue
Screening Works: Update from the Field
About SBIRT
SBIRT Funding Opportunity
SBIRT Resources

Screening in Action
Alaska’s SBIRT Program
SBIRT on a College Campus
SBIRT Grantees List

Administrator’s Message


Funding Opportunities

President’s Budget Focuses on Priority Initiatives

Making Workplaces Drug-Free: Toolkit Available

Teens and Drug Use
Stimulant Use and Delinquent Behavior
Inhalants Used Most by Young Teens

State-by-State Report

Treatment Admissions Data Released

Rural Issues: The Substance Use Myth

Katrina, Rita: Hurricane Impact

Guest Speaker: Psychiatric Service Dogs Help

Community Prevention Day

About SAMHSA

SAMHSA News - March/April 2008, Volume 16, Number 2