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Co-Occurring Disorders and Homelessness

Clinical Practices Used in Critical Time Intervention

An array of clinical practices are used during the three phases of Critical Time Intervention including:

Critical Time Intervention is Focused

Since critical time intervention is a time-limited model, practitioners must work with the individual to identify and prioritize goals and needs. The five areas of intervention listed below are identified as being crucial in facilitating community assimilation, as well as interrupting the cycle of homelessness:

  • Mental health treatment and medication management.
  • Substance abuse treatment.
  • Money management, including aiding the person in obtaining entitlements
  • Housing crisis management, which should include a plan that can be implemented during and beyond the nine-month critical time intervention.
  • Family interventions, such as Family Psychoeducation.

Education, vocational training, or life-skills training may be provided, depending on each individual's needs and priorities. Practitioners may also make link individuals to different kinds of therapy, such as interpersonal, group, family or supportive psychotherapy. Links to long-term case management may also be established.


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