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Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Drug Use:
Findings from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse


This report was prepared by the Division of Population Surveys, Office of Applied Studies (OAS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and by RTI of Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, under Contract No. 283–99–9018. At SAMHSA, Douglas Wright was responsible for the report's content, analysis, and writing; Lucilla Tan provided numerous comments on content and formatting; and Joseph C. Gfroerer provided review comments. At RTI, Michael Pemberton coauthored the report and provided oversight for analysis and production, Mary Ellen Marsden provided review comments, and Mindy Herman Stahl was instrumental in the report's early conceptualization, as was Robert L. Flewelling, now at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation. Also at RTI, Moshe Feder provided oversight for statistical analyses and provided review comments, Weihua Shi conducted the majority of the statistical analyses and produced the tables, Di Yu produced additional tables, Georgiy Bobashev and Larry Myers conducted the hierarchical modeling and reviewed text related to these models, and Ralph E. Folsom contributed to the hierarchical modeling and disaggregation of change analyses. Debra B. Harris and David Belton assisted with table production; Karen Balch, Shari B. Lambert, Sharon A. Davis, and Diane G. Caudill assisted with chart production; Teresa F. Gurley, Kim Cone, David Belton, and Pamela Couch Prevatt readied files for the SAMHSA printer and the Web; and Richard S. Straw prepared the graphics and edited the report. Final report production was provided by Beatrice A. Rouse, Coleen Sanderson, and Jane Feldmann at SAMHSA.

Public Domain Notice

All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission from SAMHSA. However, this publication may not be reproduced or distributed for a fee without the specific, written authorization of the Office of Communications, SAMHSA, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Citation of the source is appreciated. Suggested citation:

Wright, D., & Pemberton, M. (2004). Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Drug Use: Findings from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (DHHS Publication No. SMA 04–3874, Analytic Series A–19). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies.

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January 2004

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This page was last updated on July 17, 2008.