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Birmingham-Hoover, AL


Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 80
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 5
Metro area population, 2008 1,117,608
Population covered by DAWN 659,503
Percent of population covered by DAWN 59%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2008
Counties Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (1) 80 12.1 5 0.8 659,503
1. Bibb County, AL*         21,629
2. Blount County, AL*         57,441
3. Chilton County, AL*         42,444
4. Jefferson County, AL 80 12.1 5 0.8 659,503
5. Shelby County, AL*         187,784
6. St. Clair County, AL*         79,837
7. Walker County, AL*         68,970

Deaths by manner of death, 2008
Suicide 5.9%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 4.7%
Accidental 88.2%
Natural 1.2%

Place of death, 2008
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 6
Home 55
Public place 13
Other 5
Not documented --

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 0
Home 4
Public place 0
Other --
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 2 64 66
Cocaine 1 29 30
Benzodiazepines 0 29 29
Antidepressants 0 27 27
Alcohol 0 26 26

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2008
No single drug had 4 or more deaths.


Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 15.7
Female 8.9

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.0
21 to 34 28.6
35 to 54 17.8
55 and over 7.7

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.0
Female 0.6

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.0
21 to 34 0.0
35 to 54 1.6
55 and over 1.2

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2007-2008
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 115 80 -- 7 5 0
Alcohol* 24 26 -- -- --  
Cocaine 55 30 -- 0 0  
Marijuana 0 0 -- 0 0  
Stimulants -- -- -- 0 0  
Club drugs 0 0 -- 0 0  
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 -- 0 0  
Inhalants 0 0 -- 0 0  
Antidepressants 33 27 -- -- --  
Antipsychotics 5 4 -- 0 --  
Benzodiazepines 35 29 -- 0 --  
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 18 16 -- 4 --  
Opiates/opioids 80 66 -- -- --  
– Heroin (specified) 5 9 -- 0 0  
– Methadone 36 35 -- 0 --  
– All other opiates/opioids 55 48 -- -- --  
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 -- 0 0  
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 -- 0 0  
Misc. analgesics/combinations 12 7 -- -- --  
Anticonvulsants 5 0 -- 0 0  
Muscle relaxants 9 8 -- 0 0  

End Notes

1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2008 (08/2009 update).

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