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130808
Table 1.1A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 39,826 41,195 14,778 15,614 25,048 25,581
18 791 811 298 291 493 520
19 720 760 259 301 461 459
20 724 686 302 236 422 450
21 685 691 258 281 427 411
22 733 724 282 307 451 417
23 822 773 302 315 519 458
24 765 806 302 306 463 499
25 859 791 321 284 538 507
26-29 3,676 3,566 1,418 1,328 2,258 2,239
30-34 4,132 4,682 1,617 1,946 2,514 2,736
35-39 4,466 4,429 1,751 1,751 2,715 2,677
40-44 4,274 4,271 1,665 1,753 2,609 2,517
45-49 4,149 4,507 1,585 1,761 2,564 2,746
50-54 3,777 3,896 1,146 1,459 2,632 2,437
55-59 2,825 3,389 984 1,360 1,841 2,029
60-64 2,199 2,199 883 874 1,315 1,325
65 or Older 4,230 4,213 1,405 1,062 2,825 3,152
130808
Table 1.1B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17.7 18.1 13.6 14.2 21.5 21.8
18 16.1 16.4 11.9 11.3 20.6 21.9
19 16.6 16.7 11.3 12.7 22.6 21.0
20 18.4 16.7 15.1a 11.1 21.8 22.6
21 17.3 16.8 13.1 13.6 21.5 20.0
22 18.2 18.0 14.1 15.3 22.2 20.5
23 20.1 19.2 14.9 15.9 25.2 22.4
24 19.8 19.5 15.9 15.5 23.6 23.1
25 22.6 21.8 17.3 15.9 27.6 27.6
26-29 21.5 21.3 16.2 16.0 27.2 26.4
30-34 22.3 24.1 18.0 19.9 26.3 28.3
35-39 22.1 22.3 17.9 17.3 26.0 27.5
40-44 20.0 20.5 15.8 17.4 24.0 23.4
45-49 18.4 20.1 14.0 16.1 22.7 23.8
50-54 17.3 17.5 11.1 13.5 22.8 21.4
55-59 15.9 18.3 11.0 15.0 20.8 21.4
60-64 14.5 14.2 12.1 11.9 16.7 16.3
65 or Older 11.4 11.1 8.8 6.5 13.3 14.6
130808
Table 1.2A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 39,826 41,195 6,099 6,043 20,697 21,455 13,030 13,698
GENDER                
Male 14,778 15,614 2,325 2,321 8,036 8,539 4,417 4,754
Female 25,048 25,581 3,774 3,722 12,661 12,916 8,613 8,943
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 34,971 36,321 5,070 5,139 18,073 18,725 11,828 12,458
White 28,286 29,799 3,919 3,975 14,437 14,933 9,930 10,891
Black or African American 4,314 4,113 740 708 2,448 2,372 1,126 1,033
American Indian or Alaska Native 163 219 33a 63 * 142 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 21 * * * * *
Asian 1,300 1,287 258 262 701 846 340 179
Two or More Races 666 757 100 104 243 371 * *
Hispanic or Latino 4,855 4,874 1,029 904 2,624 2,730 1,202 1,240
HEALTH INSURANCE1                
Private 23,775 24,949 3,196 3,028 12,412 12,899 8,167 9,022
Medicaid/CHIP2 5,287 5,767 828a 1,003 2,693 3,103 1,766 1,660
Other3 8,227 8,587 386 448 1,878 2,115 5,963 6,024
No Coverage 7,751 7,446 1,793 1,767 4,703 4,424 1,254 1,255
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 19,189 18,434 2,691b 1,971 12,471 11,807 4,027 4,656
Part-Time 5,683 6,021 1,600 1,762 2,674 3,024 1,409 1,235
Unemployed 2,226b 3,461 659b 915 1,231b 1,931 337a 615
Other4 12,728 13,280 1,150b 1,395 4,321 4,693 7,257 7,192
130808
Table 1.2B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17.7 18.1 18.5 18.0 20.7 21.6 14.1 14.5
GENDER                
Male 13.6 14.2 14.0 13.7 16.3 17.4 10.4 10.9
Female 21.5 21.8 23.1 22.3 25.1 25.7 17.4 17.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18.0 18.5 18.7 18.7 21.8 22.7 14.0 14.4
White 18.3 19.2 19.3 19.5 22.7 23.7 14.0 15.1
Black or African American 16.7 15.6 16.0 14.7 19.9 19.2 12.7 11.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.3 20.0 18.9 27.3 * 32.2 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 18.0 * * * * *
Asian 13.3 12.8 17.3 17.3 13.2 15.9 11.3 5.6
Two or More Races 26.5 31.1 24.1 24.0 27.9 35.0 * *
Hispanic or Latino 16.0 15.7 17.8a 14.7 15.5 16.0 15.7 15.6
HEALTH INSURANCE1                
Private 15.3 16.2 17.2 16.9 17.6a 19.1 12.2 13.1
Medicaid/CHIP2 28.7 29.9 19.7 21.4 34.7 36.0 27.3 27.7
Other3 15.9 16.3 19.4 21.3 30.8 33.1 13.7 13.6
No Coverage 22.8a 20.5 20.3a 18.3 25.2 22.4 19.3 18.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 15.7 16.1 18.0b 16.0 17.5 17.8 11.3 12.9
Part-Time 18.8 19.0 18.7 18.9 25.5 25.5 12.6 11.7
Unemployed 24.7 23.2 21.4 20.0 28.3 27.1 21.1 19.2
Other4 20.0 20.2 18.1 19.1 31.8 33.5 16.6 16.2
130808
Table 1.3A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 39,826 41,195 6,099 6,043 20,697 21,455 13,030 13,698
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7,865 7,587 1,100 1,141 3,706 3,662 3,059 2,784
Midwest 9,075 9,169 1,415 1,441 4,792 4,636 2,869 3,092
South 13,905 14,604 2,005 1,951 7,506 7,772 4,395 4,881
West 8,980 9,835 1,580 1,510 4,693a 5,385 2,708 2,940
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 20,591 21,396 3,405 3,215 10,928 11,324 6,259 6,856
Small Metro 12,548 12,941 1,835 1,916 6,412 6,654 4,300 4,371
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 8,231 8,623 1,203 1,224 4,150 4,512 2,877 2,888
< 250K Pop. 4,317 4,317 632 692 2,262 2,142 1,423 1,483
Nonmetro 6,687 6,858 859 912 3,356 3,477 2,472 2,470
Urbanized 2,765 2,890 401 431 1,324 1,399 1,040 1,060
Less Urbanized 3,276 3,378 406 426 1,629 1,743 1,241 1,209
Completely Rural 647 591 52 55 403 335 192 201
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 9,604 9,573 1,886 2,019 4,109 4,405 3,609 3,149
$20,000 - $49,999 13,501 13,725 2,127 1,999 7,217 6,924 4,157 4,803
$50,000 - $74,999 6,921 6,859 796 803 3,845 3,969 2,281 2,087
$75,000 or More 9,800a 11,038 1,290 1,222 5,526 6,157 2,984 3,659
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 8,799 9,284 1,234a 1,405 4,805 5,193 2,761 2,686
No 31,026 31,912 4,865 4,638 15,892 16,262 10,270 11,011
130808
Table 1.3B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17.7 18.1 18.5 18.0 20.7 21.6 14.1 14.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 18.9 18.0 18.4 18.6 20.5 20.5 17.3 15.4
Midwest 18.4 18.4 19.4 19.6 22.2 21.7 14.0 14.7
South 17.0 17.6 17.0 16.2 20.6 21.3 13.0 14.1
West 17.3 18.8 20.0 18.6 19.8a 22.8 13.4 14.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 17.2 17.7 19.1 18.0 19.5 20.4 13.7 14.4
Small Metro 18.4 18.7 18.2 18.3 22.2 22.7 14.8 14.9
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 18.2 18.9 18.4 18.3 21.7 23.0 14.8 15.0
< 250K Pop. 18.8 18.3 17.8 18.2 23.3 22.1 14.7 14.7
Nonmetro 18.0 18.4 17.2 17.4 22.5 23.6 14.4 14.2
Urbanized 18.0 17.7 17.6 17.1 21.7 21.9 14.9 14.3
Less Urbanized 18.2 19.6 17.2 17.7 22.2 24.6 14.9 15.6
Completely Rural 17.7 15.6 14.6 16.9 27.3 26.9 10.5 9.0
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 25.2 23.9 19.8 19.2 31.3 31.5 23.3 20.2
$20,000 - $49,999 18.5 18.4 18.8 17.6 23.1 22.5 13.6 14.8
$50,000 - $74,999 16.6 17.6 15.9 17.8 19.4 21.6 13.5 12.9
$75,000 or More 13.6 15.0 18.3 17.0 15.5 17.0 10.2 12.1
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 28.3 26.6 22.0 21.2 33.0 31.6 25.2 22.7
No 16.0 16.6 17.8 17.2 18.6 19.6 12.7 13.4
130808
Table 1.4A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,331 8,383 2,868 2,847 5,463 5,535
18 161 151 43 30 118 120
19 141 127 32 46 109 81
20 157 124 66 37 92 87
21 139 112 34 45 105 67
22 162 126 54 46 107 80
23 172 169 59 47 113 122
24 161 153 36 56 124 97
25 143 163 50 43 94 120
26-29 789 816 264 274 526 541
30-34 895 1,011 338 355 556 656
35-39 1,113 1,007 337 329 776 677
40-44 928 995 384 377 544 618
45-49 1,038 1,029 410 382 628 647
50-54 814 873 175 317 638 556
55-59 520 666 179 201 341 465
60-64 525 449 207 118 317 330
65 or Older 474 413 198 143 276 269
130808
Table 1.4B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 2.6 2.6 4.7 4.7
18 3.3 3.0 1.7 1.2 4.9 5.1
19 3.2 2.8 1.4 1.9 5.3 3.7
20 4.0 3.0 3.3 1.7 4.7 4.4
21 3.5 2.7 1.7 2.2 5.3a 3.2
22 4.0 3.1 2.7 2.3 5.3 3.9
23 4.2 4.2 2.9 2.4 5.5 6.0
24 4.2 3.7 1.9 2.9 6.3 4.5
25 3.8 4.5 2.7 2.4 4.8 6.5
26-29 4.6 4.9 3.0 3.3 6.3 6.4
30-34 4.8 5.2 3.8 3.6 5.8 6.8
35-39 5.5 5.1 3.4 3.3 7.4 6.9
40-44 4.3 4.8 3.7 3.7 5.0 5.7
45-49 4.6 4.6 3.6 3.5 5.6 5.6
50-54 3.7 3.9 1.7 2.9 5.5 4.9
55-59 2.9 3.6 2.0 2.2 3.8 4.9
60-64 3.5 2.9 2.8 1.6 4.0 4.1
65 or Older 1.3 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.2
130808
Table 1.5A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,331 8,383 1,236 1,124 4,763 4,858 2,332 2,401
GENDER                
Male 2,868 2,847 374 350 1,734 1,718 760 780
Female 5,463 5,535 862 774 3,029 3,140 1,572 1,621
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,553 7,486 1,005 965 4,394 4,335 2,154 2,186
White 6,515 6,341 798 723 3,757 3,632 1,959 1,986
Black or African American 657 719 127 147 440 451 90 121
American Indian or Alaska Native 28 53 * 12 19 37 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9 * * * * * * *
Asian 220 164 38 52 95 113 * *
Two or More Races 124 183 27 24 83 84 * 75
Hispanic or Latino 778 897 231a 159 368 523 179 214
HEALTH INSURANCE1                
Private 4,502 4,099 615 523 2,491 2,423 1,396 1,154
Medicaid/CHIP2 1,438 1,680 179a 255 954 1,012 304 414
Other3 1,706 1,799 95 86 635 660 977 1,053
No Coverage 1,678 1,710 375 325 1,027 1,109 276 276
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 3,541 3,204 508b 297 2,524 2,247 510 660
Part-Time 1,127 1,123 336 327 551 644 240 152
Unemployed 605 804 154 199 321 439 * 166
Other4 3,058 3,251 238 301 1,367 1,527 1,453 1,423
130808
Table 1.5B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.3 4.8 4.9 2.5 2.5
GENDER                
Male 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.1 3.5 3.5 1.8 1.8
Female 4.7 4.7 5.3 4.6 6.0 6.3 3.2 3.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 5.3 5.3 2.5 2.5
White 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.6 5.9 5.8 2.8 2.8
Black or African American 2.5 2.7 2.7 3.1 3.6 3.7 1.0 1.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.0 4.8 * 5.3 4.8 8.3 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.2 * * * * * * *
Asian 2.2 1.6 2.6 3.4 1.8 2.1 * *
Two or More Races 4.9 7.5 6.5 5.5 9.5 7.9 * 8.0
Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.9 4.0a 2.6 2.2 3.1 2.3 2.7
HEALTH INSURANCE1                
Private 2.9 2.7 3.3 2.9 3.5 3.6 2.1 1.7
Medicaid/CHIP2 7.8 8.7 4.3 5.4 12.3 11.7 4.7 6.9
Other3 3.3 3.4 4.8 4.1 10.4 10.3 2.2 2.4
No Coverage 4.9 4.7 4.2a 3.4 5.5 5.6 4.2 4.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 2.9 2.8 3.4b 2.4 3.5 3.4 1.4 1.8
Part-Time 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.5 5.2 5.4 2.1 1.4
Unemployed 6.7 5.4 5.0 4.4 7.4 6.2 * 5.2
Other4 4.8 4.9 3.7 4.1 10.1 10.9 3.3 3.2
130808
Table 1.6A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,331 8,383 1,236 1,124 4,763 4,858 2,332 2,401
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 1,619 1,476 229 219 856 869 534 389
Midwest 1,968 2,151 273 304 1,197 1,295 498 552
South 2,785 2,827 415b 304 1,624 1,656 747 866
West 1,959 1,928 319 298 1,086 1,038 553 593
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 4,301 4,237 675 594 2,452 2,310 1,174 1,332
Small Metro 2,692 2,551 397 345 1,533 1,598 763 608
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,771 1,663 264 212 1,046 1,075 460 377
< 250K Pop. 921 888 132 133 486 523 303 231
Nonmetro 1,338 1,594 164 185 778 949 395 460
Urbanized 631 664 90 81 316 393 225 190
Less Urbanized 620 741 67 89 386 472 167 180
Completely Rural 86a 189 8 16 76 84 2a 90
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 2,224 2,526 417 406 1,123 1,362 683 759
$20,000 - $49,999 2,835 2,743 417a 332 1,840 1,692 578 718
$50,000 - $74,999 1,499 1,396 148 156 823 807 528 433
$75,000 or More 1,772 1,717 253 230 977 997 543 490
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 2,362 2,571 294 323 1,433 1,524 635 725
No 5,969 5,812 942a 802 3,329 3,334 1,698 1,676
130808
Table 1.6B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.3 4.8 4.9 2.5 2.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 4.7 4.9 3.0 2.2
Midwest 4.0 4.3 3.8 4.1 5.5 6.1 2.4 2.6
South 3.4 3.4 3.5b 2.5 4.5 4.5 2.2 2.5
West 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.6 4.4 2.7 2.9
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.3 4.4 4.2 2.6 2.8
Small Metro 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.3 5.3 5.5 2.6 2.1
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.2 5.5 5.5 2.4 2.0
< 250K Pop. 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5 5.0 5.4 3.1 2.3
Nonmetro 3.6 4.3 3.3 3.5 5.2 6.4 2.3 2.6
Urbanized 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.2 5.2 6.2 3.2 2.6
Less Urbanized 3.4 4.3 2.8 3.7 5.3 6.7 2.0 2.3
Completely Rural 2.4a 5.0 2.3 4.8 5.1 6.7 0.1a 4.0
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 5.8 6.3 4.4 3.9 8.5 9.7 4.4 4.9
$20,000 - $49,999 3.9 3.7 3.7a 2.9 5.9 5.5 1.9 2.2
$50,000 - $74,999 3.6 3.6 3.0 3.5 4.2 4.4 3.1 2.7
$75,000 or More 2.5 2.3 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.8 1.9 1.6
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 7.6 7.4 5.2 4.9 9.8 9.3 5.8 6.1
No 3.1 3.0 3.5a 3.0 3.9 4.0 2.1 2.0
130823
Table 1.7A (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 30,892b 33,285 9,235a 10,222 2,289 2,684 2,726 2,609 4,219a 4,928 21,650a 23,063
Marijuana and Hashish 22,633b 25,325 6,446a 7,329 1,625 1,840 1,751 1,936 3,070a 3,553 16,181b 17,996
Cocaine 4,977 4,564 1,822 1,682 488 505 602b 345 733 832 3,154 2,882
Crack 1,079 979 518 523 160 203 179 104 178 217 561 456
Heroin 415 547 186 266 62a 140 87 51 38 74 229 282
Hallucinogens 2,982b 3,799 890b 1,297 278 294 246a 374 366b 629 2,092b 2,502
LSD 623 647 182 227 55 61 45 70 82 96 441 420
PCP 37 77 8 32 3 3 * 23 5 6 29 45
Ecstasy 1,770b 2,388 534b 852 180 182 137a 238 217b 432 1,236a 1,536
Inhalants 1,079 1,149 322 452 69 89 104 171 149 193 757 697
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 13,271 14,169 4,841 5,350 1,359 1,556 1,455 1,323 2,027a 2,471 8,430 8,819
Pain Relievers 10,304 10,822 3,603 4,076 1,041 1,262 1,028 1,056 1,534 1,758 6,700 6,747
OxyContin® 1,236 1,460 483a 672 126b 281 179 133 178 258 753 788
Tranquilizers 4,616 5,031 2,145 2,298 591 649 710 568 843 1,081 2,471 2,733
Stimulants4 2,275b 2,759 1,017 1,260 332 390 252 323 434 547 1,257 1,499
Methamphetamine4 760a 1,080 410 570 125a 249 107 130 178 192 350 510
Sedatives 513 690 269 325 128 142 68 70 73 113 244 365
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 17,159 18,228 5,987 6,523 1,630 1,840 1,846 1,620 2,511a 3,063 11,171 11,705
130823
Table 1.7B (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 13.7b 14.6 23.2 24.8 27.5a 32.0 25.7 25.6 20.2 21.8 11.7 12.4
Marijuana and Hashish 10.1b 11.1 16.2 17.8 19.5 21.9 16.5 19.0 14.7 15.7 8.7b 9.7
Cocaine 2.2 2.0 4.6 4.1 5.9 6.0 5.7b 3.4 3.5 3.7 1.7 1.5
Crack 0.5 0.4 1.3 1.3 1.9 2.4 1.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.7a 1.7 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.3b 1.7 2.2b 3.1 3.3 3.5 2.3a 3.7 1.8b 2.8 1.1a 1.3
LSD 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 * 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.8b 1.1 1.3b 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.3a 2.3 1.0b 1.9 0.7a 0.8
Inhalants 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.7 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5.9 6.2 12.2 13.0 16.3 18.6 13.7 13.0 9.7 10.9 4.6 4.7
Pain Relievers 4.6 4.8 9.0 9.9 12.5 15.1 9.7 10.4 7.3 7.8 3.6 3.6
OxyContin® 0.5 0.6 1.2a 1.6 1.5b 3.3 1.7 1.3 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.2 5.4 5.6 7.1 7.7 6.7 5.6 4.0 4.8 1.3 1.5
Stimulants4 1.0a 1.2 2.6 3.1 4.0 4.7 2.4 3.2 2.1 2.4 0.7 0.8
Methamphetamine4 0.3a 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.5a 3.0 1.0 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.5 1.7 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7.6 8.0 15.0 15.8 19.6 21.9 17.4 15.9 12.0 13.5 6.0 6.3
130823
Table 1.8A (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR                        
Tobacco Products2 79,803 78,716 18,594 18,713 4,650 4,298 5,089 5,032 8,855 9,383 61,196 60,002
Cigarettes 66,368 65,537 16,856 16,769 4,296 3,996 4,605 4,522 7,955 8,250 49,498 48,768
Smokeless Tobacco 10,607 10,870 1,934 2,129 503 521 501 509 930 1,099 8,674 8,741
Cigars 24,155 24,374 4,854 5,275 1,177 1,096 1,424 1,466 2,253a 2,713 19,301 19,099
Alcohol 157,239b 160,620 28,298 29,515 6,095 6,013 7,289 7,605 14,914 15,897 128,894 131,105
PAST MONTH                        
Tobacco Products2 68,085 66,932 16,235 16,397 4,173 3,905 4,405 4,406 7,658 8,086 51,838 50,534
Cigarettes 57,551 56,507 14,910 14,845 3,894 3,656 4,039 3,992 6,978 7,197 42,629 41,661
Smokeless Tobacco 8,150 8,032 1,238 1,414 298 374 298 337 642 703 6,912 6,618
Cigars 12,274 12,355 2,477 2,729 616 577 742 845 1,119 1,307 9,797 9,627
Pipe Tobacco 1,707 1,873 540 450 123 66 182 227 235 157 1,167 1,423
Alcohol 125,213 126,994 21,948 22,860 4,553 4,353 5,734 5,792 11,662 12,715 103,220 104,134
Binge Alcohol Use3 56,159 57,501 10,814 11,673 2,274 2,277 2,940 2,971 5,599a 6,425 45,329 45,828
Heavy Alcohol Use3 16,877 16,655 3,774 3,653 933 712 1,082 951 1,759 1,990 13,088 13,002
130823
Table 1.8B (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR                        
Tobacco Products2 35.5 34.6 46.7 45.4 55.8 51.3 48.0 49.4 42.4 41.5 33.1 32.3
Cigarettes 29.5 28.8 42.3 40.7 51.6 47.7 43.4 44.4 38.1 36.4 26.7 26.2
Smokeless Tobacco 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.2 6.0 6.2 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.7 4.7
Cigars 10.7 10.7 12.2 12.8 14.1 13.1 13.4 14.4 10.8 12.0 10.4 10.3
Alcohol 69.9 70.7 71.1 71.6 73.2 71.7 68.8a 74.7 71.4 70.2 69.7 70.5
PAST MONTH                        
Tobacco Products2 30.3 29.5 40.8 39.8 50.1 46.6 41.5 43.3 36.6 35.7 28.0 27.2
Cigarettes 25.6 24.9 37.4 36.0 46.7 43.6 38.1 39.2 33.4 31.8 23.0 22.4
Smokeless Tobacco 3.6 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.7 3.6
Cigars 5.5 5.4 6.2 6.6 7.4 6.9 7.0 8.3 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.5 0.8 1.7 2.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.8
Alcohol 55.7 55.9 55.1 55.5 54.6 51.9 54.1 56.9 55.8 56.2 55.8 56.0
Binge Alcohol Use3 25.0 25.3 27.2 28.3 27.3 27.2 27.7 29.2 26.8 28.4 24.5 24.6
Heavy Alcohol Use3 7.5 7.3 9.5 8.9 11.2 8.5 10.2 9.3 8.4 8.8 7.1 7.0
130808
Table 1.9A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Any Mental Illness
(2008)
Any Mental Illness
(2009)
Serious Mental Illness
(2008)
Serious Mental Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE        
None 34,719 35,810 6,812 6,804
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 726 789 268 249
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5,107 5,386 1,519 1,579
Illicit Drugs 2,163 2,214 718 803
Alcohol 3,669 3,961 1,069 1,024
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE        
None 32,505 33,373 6,379 6,323
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 1,363 1,551 469 511
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 7,321 7,822 1,952 2,059
Illicit Drugs 2,762 2,966 888 1,039
Alcohol 5,923 6,407 1,533 1,531
130808
Table 1.9B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Any Mental Illness
(2008)
Any Mental Illness
(2009)
Serious Mental Illness
(2008)
Serious Mental Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE        
None 16.3 16.6 3.2 3.2
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 61.8 63.7 22.8 20.1
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 44.7 46.7 13.3 13.7
Illicit Drugs 51.1 51.3 17.0 18.6
Alcohol 43.9 46.8 12.8 12.1
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE        
None 15.9 16.2 3.1 3.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 51.7 55.6 17.8 18.3
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 35.7 37.4 9.5 9.9
Illicit Drugs 47.2 49.0 15.2 17.2
Alcohol 34.3 36.3 8.9 8.7
130823
Table 1.10A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                        
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 1,176 1,240 726 789 268 249 208 198 250 343 449 451
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 11,414 11,543 5,107 5,386 1,519 1,579 1,549 1,514 2,039 2,293 6,307 6,157
Illicit Drugs 4,235 4,316 2,163 2,214 718 803 654 531 791 881 2,071 2,101
Alcohol 8,356 8,467 3,669 3,961 1,069 1,024 1,103 1,181 1,497 1,755 4,686 4,506
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                        
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 2,635 2,787 1,363 1,551 469 511 422 400 472 641 1,272 1,236
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 20,480 20,895 7,321 7,822 1,952 2,059 2,183 2,088 3,187 3,675 13,159 13,073
Illicit Drugs 5,857 6,056 2,762 2,966 888 1,039 829 711 1,044 1,217 3,095 3,090
Alcohol 17,258 17,626 5,923 6,407 1,533 1,531 1,776 1,778 2,614a 3,099 11,335 11,219
130823
Table 1.10B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                        
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 0.5 0.5 1.8 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.0 1.9 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.1 5.1 12.8 13.1 18.2 18.8 14.6 14.9 9.8 10.1 3.4 3.3
Illicit Drugs 1.9 1.9 5.4 5.4 8.6 9.6 6.2 5.2 3.8 3.9 1.1 1.1
Alcohol 3.7 3.7 9.2 9.6 12.8 12.2 10.4 11.6 7.2 7.8 2.5 2.4
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                        
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 1.2 1.2 3.4 3.8 5.6 6.1 4.0 3.9 2.3 2.8 0.7 0.7
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 9.1 9.2 18.4 19.0 23.4 24.6 20.6 20.5 15.3 16.2 7.1 7.0
Illicit Drugs 2.6 2.7 6.9 7.2 10.7 12.4 7.8 7.0 5.0 5.4 1.7 1.7
Alcohol 7.7 7.8 14.9 15.6 18.4 18.3 16.8 17.5 12.5 13.7 6.1 6.0
130823
Table 1.11A (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,857 6,056 2,762 2,966 888 1,039 829 711 1,044 1,217 3,095 3,090
18-25 2,591 2,596 1,033 985 293 255 309 274 431 456 1,557 1,611
26-49 2,918 2,735 1,542 1,581 553 573 456 350 533 658 1,376 1,154
50 or Older 348b 725 186a 399 43a 211 64 86 80 103 162 325
MALE 3,561a 4,134 1,399a 1,789 341a 527 521 417 537b 845 2,162 2,344
18-25 1,520 1,684 480 503 100 115 151 109 229 280 1,041 1,181
26-49 1,834 1,908 814 1,017 229 288 310 244 275a 485 1,020 891
50 or Older 207b 542 105 269 * * * * 33 80 102a 273
FEMALE 2,296a 1,922 1,362 1,176 547 511 308 294 507 371 933 746
18-25 1,071a 912 554 482 193 140 158 166 203 177 516 430
26-49 1,084a 827 727 564 323 286 146 106 258 172 357 264
50 or Older 141 183 81 131 31 86 4 22 46 * 60 52
130823
Table 1.11B (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.6 2.7 6.9 7.2 10.7 12.4 7.8 7.0 5.0 5.4 1.7 1.7
18-25 7.9 7.7 16.9 16.3 23.7 22.7 18.1 16.8 13.7 13.9 5.8 5.8
26-49 2.9 2.8 7.4 7.4 11.6 11.8 8.6 6.6 5.0 5.8 1.7 1.5
50 or Older 0.4b 0.8 1.4 2.9 1.8a 8.8 1.8 2.6 1.1 1.3 0.2 0.4
MALE 3.3a 3.8 9.5 11.5 11.9a 18.5 13.8 11.1 6.6a 9.4 2.3 2.5
18-25 9.2 10.0 20.6 21.7 26.8 32.9 23.7 18.3 17.4 20.3 7.3 8.1
26-49 3.7 3.9 10.1 11.9 13.2 16.7 14.9 11.9 6.5a 10.2 2.5 2.2
50 or Older 0.5b 1.2 2.4 5.7 * * * * 1.3 2.8 0.3a 0.7
FEMALE 2.0a 1.6 5.4 4.6 10.0 9.2 4.5 4.6 4.0a 2.7 1.0 0.8
18-25 6.5a 5.5 14.7 13.0 22.3 18.0 14.8 15.9 11.0 9.3 4.1a 3.3
26-49 2.1a 1.6 5.7 4.4 10.7 9.1 4.5 3.3 4.0 2.6 0.9 0.7
50 or Older 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.5 2.0 5.3 0.1 1.0 1.0 * 0.1 0.1
130823
Table 1.12A (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17,258 17,626 5,923 6,407 1,533 1,531 1,776 1,778 2,614a 3,099 11,335 11,219
18-25 5,726 5,422 1,839 1,708 472b 332 557 545 811 831 3,886 3,715
26-49 8,785 8,828 3,386 3,637 928 897 947 1,042 1,510 1,698 5,399 5,191
50 or Older 2,747 3,376 697a 1,063 133a 302 272 191 293a 570 2,050 2,314
MALE 11,245 11,694 3,073 3,530 686 673 919 978 1,468a 1,879 8,172 8,164
18-25 3,463 3,381 890 806 186a 120 261 232 443 454 2,573 2,575
26-49 5,899 6,021 1,880 2,108 464 398 547 630 868 1,080 4,019 3,912
50 or Older 1,884 2,293 304a 616 * * * * 157 346 1,580 1,677
FEMALE 6,013 5,933 2,849 2,877 846 858 856 800 1,147 1,219 3,163 3,055
18-25 2,263a 2,042 949 902 286a 211 296 313 368 377 1,313a 1,140
26-49 2,886 2,807 1,506 1,529 464 499 400 411 642 618 1,380 1,279
50 or Older 864 1,083 394 447 97 147 161 75 136 225 470 636
130823
Table 1.12B (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.7 7.8 14.9 15.6 18.4 18.3 16.8 17.5 12.5 13.7 6.1 6.0
18-25 17.4a 16.1 30.2 28.3 38.1b 29.5 32.6 33.4 25.7 25.3 14.5 13.5
26-49 8.8 8.9 16.4 17.0 19.5 18.5 17.7 19.7 14.3 15.0 6.8 6.7
50 or Older 3.0 3.6 5.4 7.8 5.7a 12.6 7.6 5.9 4.1 7.1 2.6 2.9
MALE 10.4 10.7 20.8 22.6 23.9 23.6 24.3 25.9 18.1 20.9 8.7 8.7
18-25 20.9 20.0 38.3 34.7 49.7b 34.4 41.0 39.1 33.7 32.9 18.1 17.7
26-49 11.9 12.2 23.4 24.7 26.8 23.2 26.4 30.8 20.5 22.6 9.7 9.6
50 or Older 4.4 5.3 6.9a 12.9 * * * * 6.1 12.1 4.1 4.3
FEMALE 5.2 5.0 11.4 11.2 15.5 15.5 12.6 12.5 9.0 8.9 3.5 3.3
18-25 13.8b 12.2 25.2 24.2 33.1 27.3 27.6 30.1 20.0 19.8 10.4b 8.8
26-49 5.7 5.6 11.9 11.8 15.3 15.9 12.3 12.7 10.1 9.4 3.7 3.4
50 or Older 1.7 2.1 4.6 5.0 6.2 9.1 6.5 3.5 3.0 4.3 1.1 1.5
130823
Table 1.13A (REVISED) – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 20,480 20,895 7,321 7,822 1,952 2,059 2,183 2,088 3,187 3,675 13,159 13,073
18-25 6,912 6,753 2,251 2,122 579b 446 682 645 990 1,032 4,661 4,631
26-49 10,556 10,326 4,252 4,455 1,202 1,227 1,217 1,208 1,833 2,020 6,304 5,871
50 or Older 3,012a 3,816 818a 1,245 170a 386 284 236 364 622 2,194 2,571
MALE 13,132 13,818 3,685a 4,293 775 918 1,159 1,143 1,750a 2,232 9,448 9,525
18-25 4,140 4,224 1,054 1,003 210 166 319 265 526 572 3,086 3,221
26-49 6,971 6,996 2,278 2,576 523 556 721 736 1,034 1,285 4,693 4,420
50 or Older 2,021 2,598 352a 713 * * * * 190 375 1,669 1,885
FEMALE 7,348 7,077 3,637 3,529 1,176 1,141 1,023 945 1,437 1,443 3,711 3,548
18-25 2,772a 2,529 1,197 1,119 369a 280 363 380 465 460 1,575 1,410
26-49 3,585 3,330 1,974 1,878 679 671 495 472 799 736 1,611 1,451
50 or Older 991 1,218 466 531 128 191 165 94 173 247 525 687
130823
Table 1.13B (REVISED) – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 9.1 9.2 18.4 19.0 23.4 24.6 20.6 20.5 15.3 16.2 7.1 7.0
18-25 21.0 20.1 36.9 35.1 46.8a 39.7 39.9 39.5 31.4 31.4 17.4 16.8
26-49 10.6 10.4 20.5 20.8 25.2 25.3 22.8 22.9 17.3 17.9 8.0 7.5
50 or Older 3.3a 4.0 6.3a 9.1 7.3a 16.1 8.0 7.2 5.1 7.7 2.8 3.2
MALE 12.1 12.6 24.9 27.5 27.0 32.2 30.6 30.3 21.5 24.8 10.1 10.1
18-25 25.0 25.0 45.3 43.2 56.0 47.5 50.0 44.7 40.0 41.5 21.7 22.1
26-49 14.1 14.2 28.4 30.2 30.2 32.4 34.7 35.9 24.5 26.9 11.4 10.9
50 or Older 4.7 6.0 8.0a 15.0 * * * * 7.4 13.2 4.4 4.8
FEMALE 6.3 6.0 14.5 13.8 21.5 20.6 15.0 14.8 11.3 10.6 4.1 3.9
18-25 16.9b 15.2 31.7 30.1 42.8 36.1 33.9 36.5 25.2 24.1 12.5a 10.9
26-49 7.1 6.6 15.6 14.5 22.4 21.4 15.2 14.6 12.5 11.3 4.3 3.9
50 or Older 2.0 2.4 5.4 5.9 8.1 11.8 6.6 4.4 3.8 4.8 1.3 1.6
130823
Table 1.14A (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 30,201 30,341 16,245 16,503 5,458 5,576 4,496 4,565 6,291 6,362 13,955 13,839
AGE                        
18-25 3,612 3,740 1,842 1,929 567 617 613 542 662 770 1,770 1,811
26-49 14,030 14,481 8,552 8,728 3,192 3,133 2,124 2,411 3,235 3,184 5,478 5,753
50 or Older 12,559 12,120 5,852 5,846 1,699 1,826 1,759 1,612 2,393 2,408 6,707 6,274
GENDER                        
Male 10,141 10,131 4,859 5,471 1,717 1,711 1,246 1,511 1,896 2,249 5,282 4,660
Female 20,060 20,210 11,386 11,032 3,741 3,865 3,250 3,054 4,395 4,113 8,674 9,179
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 28,137 28,071 15,138 15,219 5,059 5,127 4,217 4,243 5,863 5,848 12,998 12,852
White 24,818 24,888 13,275 13,431 4,462 4,477 3,613 3,789 5,199 5,164 11,543 11,457
Black or African American 2,231 2,044 1,238 1,079 364 431 400 282 474 366 993 964
American Indian or Alaska Native 124 * * * * * * * * * 50 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 442 358 * 230 * * * * 65 * 221 128
Two or More Races 469 467 * 367 * * * * * * * 100
Hispanic or Latino 2,064 2,270 1,107 1,283 * 448 279 321 428 514 958 987
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 20,564 19,691 10,132 9,923 3,085 2,679 2,758 2,894 4,289 4,351 10,433 9,768
Medicaid/CHIP3 4,036 4,520 2,549 2,976 1,090 1,310 688 790 771 876 1,487 1,543
Other4 7,811 7,384 3,947 3,704 1,336 1,368 964 1,042 1,647 1,294 3,863 3,680
No Coverage 3,102 3,307 2,212 2,124 799 911 763 519 650 694 890a 1,183
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 13,254 12,863 6,784 6,641 2,016 1,937 2,009 1,878 2,759 2,825 6,470 6,222
Part-Time 4,697 4,919 2,226 2,431 772 675 605 748 849 1,007 2,470 2,489
Unemployed 1,285b 1,892 872a 1,245 * 541 * 261 252a 443 412a 647
Other5 10,965 10,668 6,362 6,187 2,301 2,422 1,630 1,677 2,431 2,087 4,603 4,481
130823
Table 1.14B (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 13.5 13.4 40.9 40.2 65.7 66.5 42.6 45.0 30.2 28.2 7.6 7.5
AGE                        
18-25 11.0 11.2 30.3 32.0 45.9b 55.0 36.1 33.4 21.1 23.5 6.6 6.6
26-49 14.1 14.6 41.4 40.8 67.2 64.5 39.8a 45.8 30.6 28.2 6.9 7.4
50 or Older 13.7 12.9 45.2 42.8 73.2 76.1 50.1 49.5 33.7 30.2 8.5 7.8
GENDER                        
Male 9.4 9.3 33.1 35.2 60.0 60.1 33.3 40.2 23.5 25.2 5.6 5.0
Female 17.3 17.2 45.6 43.2 68.7 69.9 47.8 47.8 34.5 30.2 9.5 10.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.5 14.3 43.5 42.0 67.2 68.5 45.3 46.8 32.6 29.8 8.2 8.1
White 16.1 16.0 47.1 45.2 68.7 70.6 49.4 50.0 36.2 32.7 9.1 9.1
Black or African American 8.7 7.8 28.7 26.5 55.4 60.3 30.6 28.5 20.2 15.5 4.6 4.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 13.2 * * * * * * * * * 6.5 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 4.5 3.6 * 17.9 * * * * 8.7 * 2.6 1.5
Two or More Races 18.9 19.2 * 48.4 * * * * * * * 6.0
Hispanic or Latino 6.8 7.3 22.8 26.4 * 50.0 22.5 30.0 15.1 17.8 3.8 3.8
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 13.2 12.8 42.7 39.9 68.5 65.4 44.1 47.3 33.0 29.6 7.9 7.6
Medicaid/CHIP3 22.0 23.6 48.5 52.2 75.9 78.1 46.7 55.4 32.9 33.7 11.4 11.5
Other4 15.2 14.0 48.4 43.3 78.3 76.1 47.3 55.3 37.4a 26.6 8.9 8.3
No Coverage 9.2 9.2 28.7 28.6 48.2 53.3 36.1 27.1 16.5 18.2 3.4 4.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 10.9 11.2 35.4 36.1 57.0 60.5 38.4 41.9 26.6 26.4 6.3 6.5
Part-Time 15.6 15.5 39.3 40.6 68.8 60.2 39.3 43.9 28.3 31.8 10.1 9.7
Unemployed 14.3 12.7 39.2 36.0 * 67.4 * 29.6 24.3 25.0 6.1 5.7
Other5 17.3 16.3 50.4 46.8 75.6 74.5 51.1 54.6 38.0a 30.3 9.1 8.6
130823
Table 1.15A (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 30,201 30,341 16,245 16,503 5,458 5,576 4,496 4,565 6,291 6,362 13,955 13,839
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 5,749 5,469 3,221 2,943 1,166 1,044 774 735 1,280 1,164 2,528 2,526
Midwest 7,046 7,187 3,816 3,945 1,325 1,414 1,159 1,142 1,333 1,389 3,229 3,242
South 10,285 11,141 5,691 5,826 1,717 1,894 1,651 1,635 2,323 2,298 4,594 5,315
West 7,121 6,544 3,516 3,789 1,250 1,224 912 1,052 1,355 1,512 3,604a 2,756
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 15,290 14,962 7,862 8,199 2,729 2,676 1,975 2,086 3,159 3,438 7,427 6,763
Small Metro 9,672 10,051 5,338 5,328 1,793 1,792 1,547 1,519 1,998 2,017 4,334 4,722
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 6,412 6,671 3,521 3,507 1,261 1,189 973 822 1,288 1,496 2,891 3,164
< 250K Pop. 3,260 3,380 1,817 1,821 533 603 574 697 710 521 1,443 1,559
Nonmetro 5,239 5,328 3,045 2,975 935 1,108 975 959 1,135 908 2,194 2,353
Urbanized 2,381 2,223 1,351 1,301 * 479 377 * 513 374 1,030 922
Less Urbanized 2,460 2,563 1,433 1,426 416 496 497 456 520 474 1,027 1,137
Completely Rural 397 542 261 248 * * * * * * 136 294
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 6,134 6,114 3,960 3,863 1,419 1,648 1,204 1,112 1,337 1,103 2,174 2,251
$20,000 - $49,999 8,785 9,250 5,004 4,987 1,753 1,732 1,328 1,277 1,922 1,978 3,781 4,263
$50,000 - $74,999 5,748 5,479 3,074 3,046 1,041 996 848 915 1,185 1,135 2,674 2,433
$75,000 or More 9,534 9,498 4,208 4,607 1,245 1,200 1,116 1,260 1,847 2,147 5,326 4,892
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                        
Yes 6,034a 6,891 3,985 4,319 1,651 1,802 1,032 1,137 1,302 1,379 2,049a 2,573
No 24,167 23,450 12,260 12,184 3,807 3,773 3,465 3,427 4,989 4,983 11,906 11,266
130823
Table 1.15B (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness, Geographic Characteristics, and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 13.5 13.4 40.9 40.2 65.7 66.5 42.6 45.0 30.2 28.2 7.6 7.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 13.8 13.0 41.0 38.9 72.2 70.7 38.4 41.0 30.3 27.1 7.5 7.4
Midwest 14.3 14.5 42.4 43.1 67.9 65.7 48.5 51.5 28.6 29.1 8.0 8.0
South 12.6 13.5 41.1 40.1 61.7 67.1 42.7 44.0 32.3 28.7 6.8 7.8
West 13.8 12.5 39.2 38.6 63.8 63.5 40.2 43.7 28.5 27.7 8.4a 6.5
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 12.8 12.4 38.3 38.5 63.5 63.2 38.0 41.7 28.6 28.5 7.5 6.8
Small Metro 14.2 14.6 42.8 41.3 66.8 70.3 45.4 45.5 31.3 28.8 7.8 8.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 14.3 14.7 43.2 40.8 71.4 71.5 43.2 39.1 31.1 30.9 7.9 8.6
< 250K Pop. 14.2 14.4 42.1 42.4 57.9 67.9 49.9 56.5 31.7 23.9 7.8 8.1
Nonmetro 14.2 14.3 45.7 43.5 70.5 69.5 50.2 53.2 33.4 26.3 7.2 7.7
Urbanized 15.5 13.7 48.9 45.1 * 72.0 48.8 * 37.7 25.2 8.2 6.9
Less Urbanized 13.7 14.9 44.0 42.3 68.2 67.0 49.7 48.8 31.6 27.9 7.0 8.2
Completely Rural 10.9 14.3 40.4 42.1 * * * * * * 4.5 9.2
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 16.2 15.4 41.6 40.6 63.8 65.3 46.0 44.3 28.5 24.6 7.7 7.4
$20,000 - $49,999 12.0 12.4 37.2 36.4 62.1 63.2 37.0 38.8 27.3 25.8 6.4 7.0
$50,000 - $74,999 13.8 14.1 44.5 44.6 69.4 71.3 46.6 54.4 33.0 30.2 7.7 7.6
$75,000 or More 13.3 12.9 43.1 41.8 70.6 69.9 44.4 47.4 33.6 32.3 8.6 7.8
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                        
Yes 19.5 19.8 45.6 46.8 69.9 70.2 41.7 49.5 33.3 31.6 9.2 10.1
No 12.5 12.2 39.6 38.3 64.0 64.9 43.0 43.7 29.5 27.4 7.3 7.0
130823
Table 1.16A (REVISED) – Received Inpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Inpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,970 1,900 1,483 1,322 713 717 292 228 478 377 486 579
AGE                        
18-25 364 359 214 245 97 128 59 62 57 55 150 114
26-49 758 970 592 793 327 472 131 139 134 182 166 178
50 or Older 848 571 678 284 289 117 101 28 287 139 170 287
GENDER                        
Male 780 833 516 544 239 276 122 82 155 186 264 290
Female 1,189 1,067 967 778 474 441 169 146 323 190 222 289
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,667 1,581 1,312 1,118 610 640 263 178 440 300 354 463
White 1,183 1,150 1,009 831 520 471 139 152 350 208 173 319
Black or African American 409 352 263 214 83 * * * 86 60 146 138
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 13 3 * * * * * * * 3 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 3 * * * * * * * * 0 *
Asian 30 28 * * * * * * * * 30 3
Two or More Races 10 35 8 35 * * * * * * 2 1
Hispanic or Latino 303 319 171 203 * 77 29 50 39 76 132 115
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 986 661 741 453 323 190 147 113 270 150 246 208
Medicaid/CHIP3 570 658 422 495 223 292 59 61 140 143 147 163
Other4 757 652 647 407 262 176 * 63 * 168 110 245
No Coverage 275 301 196 201 97 139 60 34 38 27 79 100
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 448 383 276 262 128 95 72 61 76 106 172 121
Part-Time 310 247 262a 110 * 59 19 19 45 33 48 137
Unemployed 110a 230 80a 164 32 93 * 46 17 25 30 66
Other5 1,102 1,039 866 785 356 470 170 102 340 212 236 254
130823
Table 1.16B (REVISED) – Received Inpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Inpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 3.7 3.2 8.6 8.6 2.8 2.2 2.3 1.7 0.3 0.3
AGE                        
18-25 1.1 1.1 3.5 4.1 7.9 11.4 3.5 3.8 1.8 1.7 0.6 0.4
26-49 0.8 1.0 2.9 3.7 6.9 9.7 2.5 2.6 1.3 1.6 0.2 0.2
50 or Older 0.9 0.6 5.2a 2.1 12.4 4.9 2.9 0.9 4.0 1.7 0.2 0.4
GENDER                        
Male 0.7 0.8 3.5 3.5 8.3 9.7 3.2 2.2 1.9 2.1 0.3 0.3
Female 1.0 0.9 3.9 3.0 8.7 8.0 2.5 2.3 2.5 1.4 0.2 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.8 3.8 3.1 8.1 8.6 2.8 2.0 2.4 1.5 0.2 0.3
White 0.8 0.7 3.6 2.8 8.0 7.4 1.9 2.0 2.4 1.3 0.1 0.3
Black or African American 1.6 1.3 6.1 5.2 12.8 * * * 3.7 2.5 0.7 0.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6 1.2 2.1 * * * * * * * 0.3 0.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.4 * * * * * * * * 0.1 *
Asian 0.3 0.3 * * * * * * * * 0.4 0.0
Two or More Races 0.4 1.5 1.1 4.6 * * * * * * 0.1 0.0
Hispanic or Latino 1.0 1.0 3.5 4.2 * 8.6 2.3 4.6 1.4 2.6 0.5 0.4
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 0.6 0.4 3.1 1.8 7.2 4.6 2.4 1.8 2.1 1.0 0.2 0.2
Medicaid/CHIP3 3.1 3.4 8.0 8.7 15.5 17.4 3.9 4.2 6.0 5.4 1.1 1.2
Other4 1.5 1.2 7.9 4.7 15.3 9.8 * 3.3 * 3.4 0.3 0.6
No Coverage 0.8 0.8 2.5 2.7 5.8 8.1 2.8 1.8 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.4 3.6 3.0 1.4 1.4 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.1
Part-Time 1.0 0.8 4.6a 1.8 * 5.2 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.0 0.2 0.5
Unemployed 1.2 1.5 3.6 4.8 5.3 11.5 * 5.2 1.7 1.4 0.4 0.6
Other5 1.7 1.6 6.8 5.9 11.7 14.5 5.3 3.3 5.3 3.1 0.5 0.5
130823
Table 1.17A (REVISED) – Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 15,327 14,394 9,570 9,246 3,822 3,731 2,627 2,425 3,122 3,090 5,757 5,148
AGE                        
18-25 1,948 2,039 1,148 1,222 406 431 375 367 367 423 799 817
26-49 7,880 7,378 5,372 5,033 2,283 2,123 1,334 1,354 1,755 1,557 2,508 2,345
50 or Older 5,500 4,977 3,050 2,991 1,133 1,177 917 704 1,000 1,110 2,450 1,986
GENDER                        
Male 5,421 4,777 3,014 2,921 1,188 1,124 832 701 993 1,096 2,407a 1,856
Female 9,906 9,617 6,556 6,324 2,634 2,607 1,794 1,723 2,128 1,994 3,350 3,292
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,161 13,211 8,874 8,510 3,542 3,494 2,426 2,205 2,906 2,811 5,288 4,701
White 12,237 11,440 7,628 7,445 3,090 2,995 1,980 1,962 2,558 2,488 4,609 3,994
Black or African American 1,402 1,122 862 668 288 332 325 164 249 172 541 454
American Indian or Alaska Native 74 102 * * * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 220 234 166 137 * * * * 62 66 55 98
Two or More Races 181 235 * 194 * * * * * * 52 41
Hispanic or Latino 1,166 1,183 697 736 * 237 201 220 216 279 469 447
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 10,048 9,088 5,871 5,516 2,138 1,820 1,516 1,602 2,217 2,093 4,177 3,572
Medicaid/CHIP3 2,282 2,525 1,568 1,792 810 920 422 428 335 445 715 733
Other4 3,591 3,282 2,185 2,055 1,007 1,018 541 512 637 525 1,406 1,226
No Coverage 1,690 1,356 1,296 1,026 497 451 531a 251 268 325 395 330
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 6,870a 5,928 4,107 3,511 1,409 1,288 1,135 939 1,563 1,284 2,763 2,417
Part-Time 2,513 2,694 1,420 1,611 593 430 375 527 452 654 1,094 1,083
Unemployed 732 739 508 562 * 232 * 151 105 179 225 177
Other5 5,212 5,033 3,536 3,561 1,621 1,781 913 807 1,002 973 1,676 1,472
130823
Table 1.17B (REVISED) – Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6.8 6.4 24.1 22.5 46.2 44.6 24.8 24.0 15.0 13.7 3.1 2.8
AGE                        
18-25 5.9 6.1 18.9 20.3 33.0 38.6 22.1 22.7 11.7 12.9 3.0 3.0
26-49 7.9 7.5 26.0a 23.6 48.2 43.8 25.0 25.8 16.6 13.8 3.2 3.0
50 or Older 6.0 5.3 23.5 21.9 49.0 49.0 25.8 21.6 14.1 13.8 3.1 2.5
GENDER                        
Male 5.0 4.4 20.5 18.8 41.7 39.5 22.0 18.7 12.3 12.2 2.6a 2.0
Female 8.5 8.2 26.3 24.8 48.5 47.2 26.3 27.0 16.7 14.7 3.7 3.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.3 6.8 25.5 23.5 47.2 46.7 25.9 24.4 16.2 14.3 3.3 2.9
White 7.9 7.4 27.0 25.1 47.7 47.3 26.9 25.9 17.8 15.8 3.7 3.2
Black or African American 5.5 4.3 20.2 16.3 44.8 46.5 24.8 16.7 10.8 7.2 2.5 2.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.9 9.4 * * * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.3 2.3 12.8 10.6 * * * * 8.4 7.4 0.6 1.1
Two or More Races 7.2 9.7 * 25.6 * * * * * * 2.8 2.4
Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.8 14.4 15.2 * 26.6 16.2 20.6 7.7 9.6 1.8 1.7
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 6.5 5.9 24.7 22.2 47.7 44.5 24.2 26.3 17.1 14.3 3.2 2.8
Medicaid/CHIP3 12.5 13.1 29.9 31.2 56.8 54.8 28.0 30.0 14.5 16.9 5.5 5.4
Other4 7.0 6.2 26.7 24.0 59.1 56.7 26.0 27.2 14.5 10.7 3.2 2.8
No Coverage 5.0a 3.8 16.8 13.8 30.1 26.4 25.0a 13.2 6.8 8.5 1.5 1.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 5.6 5.2 21.5 19.1 39.9 40.2 21.7 21.0 15.1 12.0 2.7 2.5
Part-Time 8.3 8.5 25.0 27.0 52.9a 38.5 24.2 30.9 15.0 20.7 4.5 4.2
Unemployed 8.1b 5.0 22.9a 16.3 * 28.9 * 17.3 10.2 10.1 3.3a 1.5
Other5 8.2 7.7 28.0 26.9 53.7 54.9 28.2 26.2 15.7 14.0 3.3 2.8
130823
Table 1.18A (REVISED) – Received Prescription Medication as a Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Prescription Medication Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 25,598 25,719 14,100 14,305 4,973 5,119 3,884 3,994 5,243 5,193 11,498 11,414
AGE                        
18-25 2,676 2,857 1,421 1,531 444 488 479 446 498 597 1,254 1,327
26-49 11,701 12,204 7,411 7,580 2,861 2,888 1,840 2,051 2,711 2,640 4,290 4,624
50 or Older 11,222 10,658 5,267 5,195 1,669 1,743 1,565 1,497 2,034 1,956 5,955 5,463
GENDER                        
Male 8,247 8,390 4,051 4,670 1,534 1,548 932a 1,319 1,585 1,803 4,196 3,719
Female 17,352 17,330 10,049 9,635 3,439 3,571 2,952 2,674 3,658 3,390 7,303 7,695
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 24,007 24,054 13,205 13,335 4,644 4,736 3,656 3,737 4,905 4,862 10,801 10,719
White 21,554 21,749 11,755 12,003 4,135 4,258 3,196 3,371 4,424 4,374 9,798 9,746
Black or African American 1,594 1,501 950 823 293 330 308 230 349 262 644 678
American Indian or Alaska Native 89 * * * * * * * * * 28 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9 41 * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 333 186 * 108 * * * * * * 172 78
Two or More Races 428 379 * 303 * * * * * * * 76
Hispanic or Latino 1,591 1,665 895 970 * 383 228 257 338 330 697 695
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 17,470 16,519 8,711 8,453 2,828 2,436 2,368 2,463 3,515 3,554 8,759 8,066
Medicaid/CHIP3 3,359 3,953 2,249a 2,717 985 1,244 618 766 646 707 1,109 1,237
Other4 6,767 6,545 3,441 3,314 1,260 1,270 871 997 1,309 1,047 3,326 3,231
No Coverage 2,534 2,827 1,901 1,832 714 825 611 442 575 565 633b 995
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 11,097 10,685 5,836 5,623 1,822 1,723 1,719 1,551 2,295 2,350 5,261 5,061
Part-Time 3,839 3,950 1,881 2,017 683 611 518 667 680 739 1,958 1,933
Unemployed 1,074b 1,690 774a 1,104 * 509 * 207 219a 388 300b 586
Other5 9,588 9,395 5,609 5,561 2,133 2,276 1,426 1,569 2,050 1,717 3,979 3,833
130823
Table 1.18B (REVISED) – Received Prescription Medication as a Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Prescription Medication Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 11.4 11.3 35.5 34.8 59.7 61.1 36.8 39.2 25.2 23.0 6.2 6.1
AGE                        
18-25 8.1 8.5 23.3 25.3 35.9a 43.4 28.1 27.3 15.8 18.2 4.7 4.8
26-49 11.7 12.3 35.9 35.3 60.1 59.5 34.5 38.8 25.6 23.4 5.4 5.9
50 or Older 12.2 11.3 40.8 38.1 71.5 72.6 44.6 45.9 28.7 24.5 7.5 6.8
GENDER                        
Male 7.6 7.7 27.7 30.0 53.5 54.4 24.9b 35.0 19.7 20.1 4.5 4.0
Female 14.9 14.8 40.2 37.7 63.0 64.5 43.4 41.7 28.7 24.9 8.0 8.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.4 12.3 37.9 36.8 61.5 63.3 39.3 41.1 27.3 24.7 6.8 6.7
White 14.0 14.0 41.7 40.3 63.5 67.1 43.7 44.3 30.7 27.6 7.8 7.8
Black or African American 6.2 5.7 22.3 20.2 44.7 46.0 23.5 23.1 15.2 11.1 3.0 3.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.5 * * * * * * * * * 3.6 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.1 5.6 * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 3.4 1.9 * 8.4 * * * * * * 2.0 0.9
Two or More Races 17.3 15.6 * 40.0 * * * * * * * 4.5
Hispanic or Latino 5.2 5.4 18.4 19.9 * 42.7 18.3 23.8 11.9 11.4 2.7 2.7
HEALTH INSURANCE2                        
Private 11.2 10.7 36.7 33.9 62.8 59.4 37.8 40.2 27.1 24.2 6.6 6.2
Medicaid/CHIP3 18.3 20.6 43.1 47.4 68.6 74.0 41.9 53.5 28.0 27.0 8.5 9.2
Other4 13.1 12.4 42.4 38.7 73.9 70.6 42.8 52.9 29.9a 21.4 7.7 7.3
No Coverage 7.5 7.8 24.6 24.6 42.6 48.3 28.9 22.9 14.6 14.8 2.4a 3.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                        
Full-Time 9.1 9.3 30.5 30.5 51.4 53.8 32.9 34.5 22.1 21.9 5.1 5.3
Part-Time 12.7 12.5 33.1 33.5 60.6 54.4 33.5 38.8 22.6 23.2 8.0 7.5
Unemployed 11.9 11.3 34.8 31.9 * 63.3 * 23.4 21.1 21.9 4.4 5.1
Other5 15.1 14.3 44.5 42.0 69.8 70.0 44.7 51.0 32.2a 24.9 7.9 7.3
130823
Table 1.19A (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                        
Inpatient 470 598 281 273 33 40 28 38 * 196 189 325
Outpatient 3,929 3,873 1,719 1,853 428 387 541 525 749 941 2,211 2,021
Prescription Medication 14,124 14,965 6,200 6,781 1,521 1,716 1,819 2,065 2,860 3,000 7,924 8,184
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                        
Inpatient and Outpatient 119 111 80 51 22 26 43 7 15 18 38 61
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 165 254 104 148 51 79 23 18 31 51 61 106
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 10,087 9,512 6,790 6,510 2,768 2,744 1,844 1,729 2,177 2,037 3,297 3,002
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 1,161 888 966 826 604 569 198 163 165 94 195 62
130823
Table 1.19B (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                        
Inpatient 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 * 3.1 1.4 2.4
Outpatient 13.1 12.8 10.6 11.3 7.9 7.0 12.0 11.5 12.1 14.8 15.9 14.7
Prescription Medication 47.0 49.6 38.4 41.2 28.0 30.9 40.5 45.4 46.0 47.4 57.0 59.5
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                        
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.8
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 33.6 31.5 42.1 39.6 51.0 49.4 41.0 38.0 35.0 32.1 23.7 21.8
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 3.9 2.9 6.0 5.0 11.1 10.2 4.4 3.6 2.6 1.5 1.4 0.5
130823
Table 1.20A (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,371 3,079 2,299 2,360 1,138 1,120 575 566 585 674 1,072a 719
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
8,787a 7,678 5,402 4,893 2,211 1,869 1,369 1,325 1,822 1,699 3,385a 2,784
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 3,009 3,336 2,062 2,240 789 961 669 572 603 707 947 1,096
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,354 1,233 950 870 384 472 276 186 290 212 403 363
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 237 358 211 285 123 157 59 56 29 72 26 73
School or University Setting/Clinic/ Center3 101 83 70 63 24 26 36 10 9 28 31 20
Some Other Place4 250 272 167 182 33 50 69 54 65 78 83 90
130823
Table 1.20B (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 22.1 21.6 24.2 25.6 30.2 30.1 21.9 23.4 18.9 21.9 18.7 14.3
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
57.7 53.8 56.9 53.1 58.7a 50.1 52.1 54.8 58.8 55.2 59.0 55.2
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 19.8 23.4 21.7 24.3 20.9 25.8 25.5 23.7 19.5 23.0 16.5 21.7
Outpatient Medical Clinic 8.9 8.6 10.0 9.4 10.2 12.7 10.5 7.7 9.4 6.9 7.0 7.2
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.6 2.5 2.2 3.1 3.3 4.2 2.2 2.3 0.9 2.3 0.5 1.4
School or University Setting/Clinic/ Center3 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.4 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.4
Some Other Place4 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.0 0.9 1.3 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.6 1.4 1.8
130823
Table 1.21A (REVISED) – Type and Location of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Type and Location
of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1
Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.

1
Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient 15,327 14,394 9,570 9,246 3,822 3,731 2,627 2,425 3,122 3,090 5,757 5,148
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,371 3,079 2,299 2,360 1,138 1,120 575 566 585 674 1,072a 719
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
8,787a 7,678 5,402 4,893 2,211 1,869 1,369 1,325 1,822 1,699 3,385a 2,784
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 3,009 3,336 2,062 2,240 789 961 669 572 603 707 947 1,096
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,354 1,233 950 870 384 472 276 186 290 212 403 363
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 237 358 211 285 123 157 59 56 29 72 26 73
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 101 83 70 63 24 26 36 10 9 28 31 20
Some Other Place4 250 272 167 182 33 50 69 54 65 78 83 90
Inpatient 1,970 1,900 1,483 1,322 713 717 292 228 478 377 486 579
Prescription Medication 25,598 25,719 14,100 14,305 4,973 5,119 3,884 3,994 5,243 5,193 11,498 11,414
Did Not Receive Mental Health Services 194,047a 196,256 23,428 24,558 2,851 2,803 6,046 5,574 14,530a 16,181 170,620 171,698
130823
Table 1.21B (REVISED) – Type and Location of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Type and Location
of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1
Total2
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Moderate
Mental
Illness
(2009)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2008)
Mild
Mental
Illness
(2009)
No
Mental
Illness
(2008)
No
Mental
Illness
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.

1
Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the 2008 Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year mental illness information.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient 6.8 6.4 24.1 22.5 46.2 44.6 24.8 24.0 15.0 13.7 3.1 2.8
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1.5 1.4 5.8 5.8 13.8 13.4 5.4 5.6 2.8 3.0 0.6a 0.4
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
3.9b 3.4 13.6a 11.9 26.9a 22.3 12.9 13.1 8.8 7.5 1.8a 1.5
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 1.3 1.5 5.2 5.5 9.6 11.5 6.3 5.7 2.9 3.1 0.5 0.6
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.6 0.5 2.4 2.1 4.7 5.6 2.6 1.8 1.4 0.9 0.2 0.2
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.5 1.9 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Some Other Place4 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
Inpatient 0.9 0.8 3.7 3.2 8.6 8.6 2.8 2.2 2.3 1.7 0.3 0.3
Prescription Medication 11.4 11.3 35.5 34.8 59.7 61.1 36.8 39.2 25.2 23.0 6.2 6.1
Did Not Receive Mental Health Services 86.5 86.6 59.1 59.8 34.3 33.5 57.4 55.0 69.8 71.8 92.4 92.5
130808
Table 1.22A (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse Status and Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or
Abuse Status/Level of Mental Illness
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2009)
Mental Health
Treatment
Only1
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment
Only1
(2009)
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility Only2
(2008)
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility Only2
(2009)
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 5,214 5,702 3,844 4,180 643 679 717 830
Any Mental Illness 3,331 3,745 2,507 2,810 272 257 549 678
Serious Mental Illness 1,290 1,419 956 1,051 57 26 276 342
Moderate Mental Illness 910 969 706 718 88 68 113 184
Mild Mental Illness 1,132 1,357 845 1,042 127 163 160 151
No Mental Illness 1,882 1,957 1,336 1,369 371 422 168 153
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 26,151 25,918 25,373 24,966 507 587 268 365
Any Mental Illness 13,320 13,156 12,971 12,771 132 142 218 243
Serious Mental Illness 4,234 4,194 4,108 4,113 9 11 117 69
Moderate Mental Illness 3,727 3,700 3,630 3,619 50 37 46 44
Mild Mental Illness 5,360 5,263 5,233 5,039 73 94 54 130
No Mental Illness 12,831 12,762 12,401 12,194 375 444 50 123
130808
Table 1.22B (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse Status and Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or
Abuse Status/Level of Mental Illness
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2009)
Mental Health
Treatment
Only1
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment
Only1
(2009)
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility Only2
(2008)
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility Only2
(2009)
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2008)
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at
a Specialty
Facility1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Mental Illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Three categories of mental illness severity are defined based on the level of functional impairment: mild mental illness, moderate mental illness, and serious mental illness. Any mental illness includes persons in any of the three categories. Estimates for mental illness presented in this table may differ from previously published mental illness estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 25.5 27.4 18.8 20.1 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.0
Any Mental Illness 45.7 48.1 34.4 36.1 3.7 3.3 7.5 8.7
Serious Mental Illness 66.3 69.0 49.1 51.1 2.9 1.3 14.1 16.6
Moderate Mental Illness 41.8 46.6 32.4 34.5 4.0 3.2 5.2 8.8
Mild Mental Illness 35.7 37.2 26.7 28.6 4.0 4.4 5.0 4.1
No Mental Illness 14.3 15.0 10.2 10.5 2.8 3.2 1.3 1.2
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 12.8 12.6 12.4 12.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2
Any Mental Illness 41.1 39.5 40.1 38.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7
Serious Mental Illness 66.5 66.3 64.6 65.1 0.1 0.2 1.8 1.1
Moderate Mental Illness 44.5 45.9 43.4 44.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Mild Mental Illness 30.4 27.9 29.6 26.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.7
No Mental Illness 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1
130808
Table 1.23A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,653 3,673 1,361 1,520 2,291 2,153
AGE            
18 791 811 285 276 506 535
19 720 760 314 385 406 375
20 724 686 314 316 410 370
21 685 691 223 282 462 410
22 733 724 226 261 507 463
GENDER            
Male 1,399 1,416 484 512 915 904
Female 2,254 2,257 878 1,008 1,376 1,249
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,999 3,152 1,163a 1,370 1,837 1,782
White 2,291 2,461 868b 1,085 1,424 1,375
Black or African American 442 431 145 162 297 269
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 154 140 111 83 43 57
Two or More Races 74 64 * 24 47 40
Hispanic or Latino 653a 521 199 150 455 371
130808
Table 1.23B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17.3 16.9 16.1 16.6 18.0 17.1
AGE            
18 16.1 16.4 15.8 15.3 16.4 17.0
19 16.6 16.7 14.6 16.0 18.5 17.5
20 18.4 16.7 17.6 16.4 19.0 16.9
21 17.3 16.8 14.2 15.9 19.4 17.4
22 18.2 18.0 19.6 20.6 17.6 16.7
GENDER            
Male 13.0 12.7 11.9 11.7 13.7 13.4
Female 21.7 21.2 20.0 21.0 22.9 21.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 17.1 17.7 15.5 17.0 18.4 18.2
White 17.7 18.6 15.4a 18.0 19.5 19.2
Black or African American 14.1 13.5 13.1 13.5 14.6 13.5
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 16.6 15.7 18.7 13.8 12.9 19.8
Two or More Races 24.5 20.6 * 16.9 25.2 23.7
Hispanic or Latino 17.8b 13.1 20.4a 13.1 16.8a 13.1
130808
Table 1.24A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 760a 639 269 223 491 416
AGE            
18 161 151 64 47 97 104
19 141 127 60 59 81 68
20 157 124 67 48 91 76
21 139 112 43 24 96 87
22 162 126 35 45 126a 81
GENDER            
Male 229 204 76 45 154 159
Female 531a 435 193 178 337a 257
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 609 554 222 201 387 353
White 474 416 173 151 301 265
Black or African American 80 85 20 27 60 59
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 26 28 21 9 5 19
Two or More Races 20 14 * 9 13 5
Hispanic or Latino 151a 85 47 22 104 63
130808
Table 1.24B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.6a 2.9 3.2 2.4 3.9 3.3
AGE            
18 3.3 3.0 3.5 2.6 3.1 3.3
19 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.4 3.7 3.2
20 4.0 3.0 3.7 2.5 4.2 3.5
21 3.5 2.7 2.7 1.4 4.0 3.7
22 4.0 3.1 3.1 3.6 4.4 2.9
GENDER            
Male 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.0 2.3 2.4
Female 5.1a 4.1 4.4 3.7 5.6a 4.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.5 3.1 3.0 2.5 3.9 3.6
White 3.7 3.1 3.1 2.5 4.1 3.7
Black or African American 2.6 2.7 1.8 2.2 3.0 2.9
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.8 3.1 3.6 1.4 1.4 6.6
Two or More Races 6.6 4.6 * 6.7 7.1 2.9
Hispanic or Latino 4.1b 2.1 4.8 1.9 3.8a 2.2
130808
Table 1.25A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On Probation
(2008)
On Probation
(2009)
Not
on Probation
(2008)
Not
on Probation
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 39,826 41,195 1,893 1,698 37,888 39,440
AGE            
18-49 26,795 27,498 1,583 1,442 25,168 26,004
18-25 6,099 6,043 385 442 5,701 5,592
26-34 7,808 8,248 556 488 7,251 7,742
35-49 12,889 13,207 642 512 12,215 12,670
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 14,778 15,614 1,135 1,048 13,623 14,541
Male 18-49 10,361 10,860 958 863 9,383 9,977
Female 18 or Older 25,048 25,581 758 650 24,265 24,898
Female 18-49 16,435 16,637 625 578 15,785 16,027
130808
Table 1.25B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On Probation
(2008)
On Probation
(2009)
Not
on Probation
(2008)
Not
on Probation
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17.7 18.1 36.2 33.1 17.3 17.8
AGE            
18-49 20.2 20.7 35.5 32.2 19.7 20.3
18-25 18.5 18.0 22.7 23.6 18.3 17.7
26-34 21.9 22.8 37.5 37.4 21.3 22.3
35-49 20.1 20.9 50.0 39.3 19.5 20.5
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13.6 14.2 31.2 27.8 13.0 13.8
Male 18-49 15.7 16.4 31.2 26.7 15.0 15.9
Female 18 or Older 21.5 21.8 47.6 47.4 21.2 21.5
Female 18-49 24.6 24.9 45.1 46.2 24.2 24.5
130808
Table 1.26A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On Probation
(2008)
On Probation
(2009)
Not
on Probation
(2008)
Not
on Probation
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8,331 8,383 557 459 7,753 7,909
AGE            
18-49 5,999 5,982 485 390 5,493 5,577
18-25 1,236 1,124 87 111 1,144 1,013
26-34 1,684 1,827 205 130 1,479 1,697
35-49 3,079 3,031 193 149 2,870 2,868
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 2,868 2,847 249 223 2,619 2,609
Male 18-49 2,108 2,068 249 205 1,859 1,847
Female 18 or Older 5,463 5,535 309 235 5,134 5,300
Female 18-49 3,891 3,914 237 184 3,634 3,730
130808
Table 1.26B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On Probation
(2008)
On Probation
(2009)
Not
on Probation
(2008)
Not
on Probation
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 3.7 3.7 10.7 8.9 3.5 3.6
AGE            
18-49 4.5 4.5 10.9 8.7 4.3 4.4
18-25 3.8 3.3 5.2 5.9 3.7a 3.2
26-34 4.7 5.0 13.8 10.0 4.3 4.9
35-49 4.8 4.8 15.0 11.4 4.6 4.6
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 2.6 2.6 6.8 5.9 2.5 2.5
Male 18-49 3.2 3.1 8.1 6.4 3.0 3.0
Female 18 or Older 4.7 4.7 19.4 17.2 4.5 4.6
Female 18-49 5.8 5.9 17.1 14.7 5.6 5.7
130808
Table 1.27A (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 39,826 41,195 575 498 39,225 40,673
AGE            
18-49 26,795 27,498 475 443 26,295 27,030
18-25 6,099 6,043 111 115 5,982 5,922
26-34 7,808 8,248 * * 7,668 8,122
35-49 12,889 13,207 * * 12,645 12,986
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 14,778 15,614 437 325 14,324 15,284
Male 18-49 10,361 10,860 354 290 9,990 10,565
Female 18 or Older 25,048 25,581 * * 24,901 25,389
Female 18-49 16,435 16,637 * * 16,304 16,465
130808
Table 1.27B (REVISED) – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1,2
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17.7 18.1 35.4 28.8 17.6 18.1
AGE            
18-49 20.2 20.7 34.6 30.0 20.0 20.6
18-25 18.5 18.0 27.7 24.7 18.4 17.9
26-34 21.9 22.8 * * 21.8 22.8
35-49 20.1 20.9 * * 19.9 20.8
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13.6 14.2 34.1a 23.0 13.4 14.1
Male 18-49 15.7 16.4 32.2 24.4 15.4 16.3
Female 18 or Older 21.5 21.8 * * 21.5 21.7
Female 18-49 24.6 24.9 * * 24.5 24.8
130808
Table 1.28A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8,331 8,383 110 122 8,213 8,260
AGE            
18-49 5,999 5,982 110 122 5,881 5,859
18-25 1,236 1,124 23 20 1,210 1,104
26-34 1,684 1,827 * * 1,625 1,778
35-49 3,079 3,031 * * 3,046 2,977
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 2,868 2,847 54 64 2,814 2,783
Male 18-49 2,108 2,068 54 64 2,054 2,003
Female 18 or Older 5,463 5,535 * * 5,400 5,477
Female 18-49 3,891 3,914 * * 3,827 3,856
130808
Table 1.28B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
On
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2008)
Not on
Parole/Supervised
Release2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 and 2009 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 3.7 3.7 6.8 7.1 3.7 3.7
AGE            
18-49 4.5 4.5 8.0 8.3 4.5 4.5
18-25 3.8 3.3 5.7 4.3 3.7 3.3
26-34 4.7 5.0 * * 4.6 5.0
35-49 4.8 4.8 * * 4.8 4.8
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 2.6 2.6 4.2 4.5 2.6 2.6
Male 18-49 3.2 3.1 4.9 5.4 3.2 3.1
Female 18 or Older 4.7 4.7 * * 4.7 4.7
Female 18-49 5.8 5.9 * * 5.8 5.8
100603
Table 1.29A – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 469 595 92 102 134 166 242 327
Outpatient 3,907 3,861 790 748 2,088 2,008 1,028 1,106
Prescription Medication 14,013 14,866 1,444 1,511 5,874a 6,707 6,696 6,648
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 119 110 34 26 70 66 15 18
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 164 255 82 55 50a 132 32 68
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 10,028 9,467 948 1,077 5,145 4,689 3,935 3,701
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 1,156 884 144 167 503 567 509b 150
100603
Table 1.29B – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 1.6 2.0 2.6 2.8 1.0 1.2 1.9 2.7
Outpatient 13.1 12.9 22.4 20.3 15.1 14.0 8.3 9.2
Prescription Medication 46.9 49.5 40.9 41.0 42.4a 46.8 53.7 55.3
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.2
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.5 0.8 2.3 1.5 0.4a 0.9 0.3 0.6
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 33.6 31.5 26.8 29.2 37.1a 32.7 31.6 30.8
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 3.9 2.9 4.1 4.5 3.6 4.0 4.1b 1.2
100603
Table 1.30A – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,352 3,064 451 449 1,736 1,832 1,165 782
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
8,744a 7,648 1,156 1,167 4,558 4,216 3,030a 2,265
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 2,992 3,317 241 270 1,557 1,532 1,194 1,516
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,345 1,229 158 171 611 486 576 572
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 234 354 62 100 139 191 32 63
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 98 83 69 71 22 2 7 10
Some Other Place3 248 274 31 38 91 143 125 94
100603
Table 1.30B – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 22.1 21.6 23.6 22.3 22.3 25.0 21.4 16.1
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
57.7 53.9 60.6 58.0 58.5 57.5 55.7a 46.6
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 19.8 23.4 12.6 13.4 20.0 20.9 22.0a 31.2
Outpatient Medical Clinic 8.9 8.7 8.3 8.5 7.8 6.6 10.6 11.8
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.5 2.5 3.3 5.0 1.8 2.6 0.6 1.3
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.7 0.6 3.6 3.6 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2
Some Other Place3 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.2 2.0 2.3 1.9
100603
Table 1.31A – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 5,527 4,969 823 846 3,091 2,650 1,612 1,473
Family Member Not Living in Household 311 363 115 157 180 172 15 *
Private Health Insurance 6,019 5,709 593 599 3,299 3,101 2,127 2,009
Medicare 2,234 2,146 91 125 626 637 1,517 1,384
Medicaid 1,322 1,586 180 214 834 1,027 307 345
Rehabilitation Program 71 46 13a 1 27 35 32 10
Employer 1,222 1,304 85 54 731 789 406 461
VA or Other Military Program 766 661 31 52 205 246 530 363
Other Public Source 316 371 66 78 187 239 63 53
Other Private Source 214 158 24 40 75 31 116 87
Free Treatment 630 592 230 248 276 269 124 75
100603
Table 1.31B – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 36.7 35.0 43.5 42.4 39.9 36.5 29.7 29.7
Family Member Not Living in Household 2.1 2.6 6.1 7.9 2.3 2.4 0.3 *
Private Health Insurance 40.0 40.2 31.3 30.0 42.6 42.7 39.2 40.5
Medicare 14.8 15.1 4.8 6.3 8.1 8.8 27.9 27.9
Medicaid 8.8a 11.2 9.5 10.7 10.8a 14.1 5.7 7.0
Rehabilitation Program 0.5 0.3 0.7a 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2
Employer 8.1 9.2 4.5a 2.7 9.4 10.9 7.5 9.3
VA or Other Military Program 5.1 4.7 1.6 2.6 2.6 3.4 9.8 7.3
Other Public Source 2.1 2.6 3.5 3.9 2.4 3.3 1.2 1.1
Other Private Source 1.4 1.1 1.3 2.0 1.0 0.4 2.1 1.8
Free Treatment 4.2 4.2 12.1 12.4 3.6 3.7 2.3 1.5
100603
Table 1.32A – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,560b 11,995 5,353 5,918 5,148a 6,054
AGE            
18-25 2,592 2,605 1,012 1,006 1,569 1,593
26-49 5,970 6,621 3,175 3,472 2,791 3,132
50 or Older 1,997a 2,768 1,166 1,440 788a 1,328
GENDER            
Male 3,372 3,832 1,469 1,731 1,867 2,082
Female 7,188a 8,163 3,884 4,188 3,281a 3,971
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,559a 10,711 4,943 5,351 4,560a 5,340
White 8,006 8,724 4,241 4,535 3,712 4,176
Black or African American 1,183 1,381 523 552 659 824
Other or Two or More Races 370a 607 178 264 189 340
Hispanic or Latino 1,001 1,283 410 567 588 713
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,384 1,623 702 799 648 806
High School Graduate 2,881 3,192 1,565 1,686 1,309 1,505
Some College 3,576 3,538 1,845 1,825 1,718 1,709
College Graduate 2,719b 3,642 1,240a 1,608 1,473a 2,033
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,058 5,649 2,324 2,402 2,733 3,241
Part-Time 1,914 2,017 839 971 1,067 1,031
Unemployed 756a 1,031 361 517 395 511
Other3 2,832 3,298 1,829 2,028 953 1,270
100603
Table 1.32B – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.7b 5.3 17.9 19.6 2.7a 3.1
AGE            
18-25 7.9 7.8 28.6 27.2 5.4 5.4
26-49 6.0a 6.7 22.8 24.1 3.3 3.7
50 or Older 2.2a 2.9 9.4 11.9 1.0 1.6
GENDER            
Male 3.1 3.5 14.7 17.2 1.9 2.1
Female 6.2a 7.0 19.5 20.9 3.4a 4.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.9a 5.5 17.8 19.2 2.7a 3.2
White 5.2 5.6 17.3 18.3 2.9 3.2
Black or African American 4.6 5.3 23.9 27.5 2.8 3.4
Other or Two or More Races 2.6a 4.3 16.4 23.4 1.5 2.6
Hispanic or Latino 3.3 4.1 20.0 25.1 2.1 2.5
EDUCATION            
< High School 4.0 4.7 18.1 20.8 2.1 2.6
High School Graduate 4.1 4.6 18.3 19.5 2.1 2.5
Some College 6.3 6.1 22.8 21.7 3.5 3.5
College Graduate 4.4b 5.6 13.3a 17.4 2.8a 3.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.1b 4.9 17.7 18.8 2.5b 3.2
Part-Time 6.3 6.4 18.1 19.9 4.2 3.8
Unemployed 8.4 7.0 28.6 27.7 5.1 4.0
Other3 4.5 5.0 16.9 19.1 1.8 2.3
100603
Table 1.33A – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,560b 11,995 5,353 5,918 5,148a 6,054
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 1,822 1,912 905 922 910 978
Midwest 2,602 2,701 1,340 1,289 1,217 1,412
South 3,626 4,123 1,836 2,186 1,783 1,932
West 2,509b 3,259 1,272 1,522 1,238a 1,731
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 5,403a 6,408 2,463b 3,089 2,933 3,313
Small Metro 3,390 3,682 1,851 1,787 1,497a 1,883
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2,355 2,480 1,297 1,118 1,020a 1,349
< 250K Pop. 1,035 1,203 554 669 477 534
Nonmetro 1,767 1,904 1,039 1,043 717 858
Urbanized 758 925 434 569 324 356
Less Urbanized 887 822 540 393 336 428
Completely Rural 123 157 * * 57 74
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 2,950 3,371 1,562 1,757 1,348 1,608
$20,000 - $49,999 3,655 3,544 1,810 1,778 1,831 1,761
$50,000 - $74,999 1,664 1,859 885 910 779 937
$75,000 or More 2,291b 3,221 1,095a 1,474 1,189b 1,747
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 2,671a 3,229 1,560a 1,970 1,077 1,256
No 7,888a 8,765 3,792 3,949 4,070a 4,798
100603
Table 1.33B – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.7b 5.3 17.9 19.6 2.7a 3.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 4.4 4.6 16.3 17.4 2.5 2.7
Midwest 5.3 5.4 19.0 17.9 2.9 3.3
South 4.4 5.0 18.0 19.6 2.5 2.7
West 4.9b 6.2 17.9a 23.4 2.8a 3.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.5a 5.3 16.2b 20.7 2.8 3.1
Small Metro 5.0 5.3 19.4 18.0 2.6a 3.2
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.2 5.5 20.6 17.0 2.6a 3.5
< 250K Pop. 4.5 5.1 17.1 19.9 2.4 2.7
Nonmetro 4.8 5.1 20.1 19.8 2.3 2.7
Urbanized 4.9 5.7 18.6 26.2 2.5 2.5
Less Urbanized 4.9 4.8 22.1a 15.4 2.2 2.9
Completely Rural 3.4 4.1 * * 1.8 2.3
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 7.8 8.5 25.9 28.9 4.3 4.8
$20,000 - $49,999 5.0 4.8 20.8 19.4 2.9 2.7
$50,000 - $74,999 4.0 4.8 15.5 16.8 2.2 2.8
$75,000 or More 3.2b 4.4 11.6a 15.6 1.9b 2.7
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 8.6 9.3 26.1 28.7 4.3 4.5
No 4.1a 4.6 15.9 17.0 2.4a 2.8
100603
Table 1.34A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 10,560b 11,995 5,353 5,918 5,148a 6,054
Could Not Afford Cost 4,734a 5,442 2,498 2,868 2,189 2,569
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
   Have Negative Opinion
877 1,067 481 538 395 528
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 685a 940 374 461 311a 479
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
   Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
769 840 398 408 370 432
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for
   Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
968b 1,391 556a 775 412a 616
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,811 1,822 791 703 1,015 1,119
Concerned about Confidentiality 937 1,113 502 480 435 631
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to
   Take Medicine
1,048 1,076 552 546 491 527
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 616b 1,083 280b 513 331b 568
Could Handle the Problem Without
   Treatment
2,454b 3,173 982 1,247 1,466a 1,924
Treatment Would Not Help 765b 1,266 394 476 371b 790
Did Not Have Time 1,453a 1,937 738 913 713a 1,025
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 525a 789 237 301 287b 486
No Transportation/Inconvenient 350 434 220 301 130 133
Some Other Reason4 735 847 418 553 317 292
100603
Table 1.34B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Could Not Afford Cost 45.1 45.7 47.0 48.9 42.7 42.5
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
   Have Negative Opinion
8.3 9.0 9.1 9.2 7.7 8.7
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 6.5 7.9 7.0 7.9 6.1 7.9
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
   Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
7.3 7.0 7.5 7.0 7.2 7.2
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for
   Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
9.2a 11.7 10.5 13.2 8.0 10.2
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 17.2 15.3 14.9 12.0 19.8 18.5
Concerned about Confidentiality 8.9 9.3 9.5 8.2 8.5 10.4
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to
   Take Medicine
10.0 9.0 10.4 9.3 9.6 8.7
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 5.9b 9.1 5.3a 8.7 6.4a 9.4
Could Handle the Problem Without
   Treatment
23.4 26.6 18.5 21.3 28.6 31.9
Treatment Would Not Help 7.3b 10.6 7.4 8.1 7.2b 13.1
Did Not Have Time 13.8 16.3 13.9 15.6 13.9 17.0
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 5.0 6.6 4.5 5.1 5.6 8.1
No Transportation/Inconvenient 3.3 3.6 4.1 5.1 2.5 2.2
Some Other Reason4 7.0 7.1 7.9 9.4 6.2 4.8
100608
Table 1.35A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,272 8,447 3,721 3,856 4,550 4,591
18 403 401 160 134 244 267
19 329 281 143 133 186 148
20 282 262 135 99 147 164
21 267 240 108 106 159 134
22 229 192 102 88 128 104
23 230 236 94 103 137 132
24 249 207 84 84 165 122
25 211 193 93 82 118 111
26-29 773 745 338 310 435 435
30-34 686 804 363 419 323 385
35-39 761 949 339 469 422 481
40-44 805 836 371 402 434 434
45-49 890 934 405 482 485 451
50-54 696 724 278 305 417 418
55-59 599 697 320 324 279 373
60-64 293 280 117 143 176 137
65 or Older 567 467 273 173 294 294
100608
Table 1.35B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9
18 8.3 8.1 6.4 5.2 10.2 11.3
19 7.6 6.2 6.3 5.7 9.1 6.8
20 7.2 6.4 6.8 4.7 7.6 8.3
21 6.7 5.8 5.5 5.1 8.0 6.5
22 5.7 4.8 5.1 4.4 6.3 5.1
23 5.7 5.9 4.6 5.2 6.7 6.5
24 6.5 5.0 4.4 4.3 8.5a 5.7
25 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.6 6.1 6.1
26-29 4.5 4.4 3.9 3.7 5.3 5.1
30-34 3.7 4.2 4.1 4.3 3.4 4.0
35-39 3.8 4.8 3.5 4.6 4.0 4.9
40-44 3.8 4.0 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.0
45-49 4.0 4.2 3.6 4.4 4.3 3.9
50-54 3.2 3.3 2.7 2.8 3.6 3.7
55-59 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.9
60-64 1.9 1.8 1.6 2.0 2.2 1.7
65 or Older 1.5 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.4
100608
Table 1.36A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious
Thoughts of
Suicide
(2008)
Had Serious
Thoughts of
Suicide
(2009)
Made Any
Suicide Plans
(2008)
Made Any
Suicide Plans
(2009)
Attempted
Suicide
(2008)
Attempted
Suicide
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,272 8,447 2,279 2,247 1,087 1,029
AGE            
18-25 2,201a 2,012 634 650 393 371
26-49 3,916 4,268 1,046 1,016 447 456
50 or Older 2,155 2,168 599 581 247 201
GENDER            
Male 3,721 3,856 1,004 1,087 424 460
Female 4,550 4,591 1,276 1,160 663 569
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,437 7,416 2,015 1,978 917 910
White 6,110 5,979 1,661 1,571 680 646
Black or African American 908 915 244 280 181 183
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 54 12 26 6 16
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 32 * 8 5 * 1
Asian 219 197 31 44 12 33
Two or More Races 142 183 59 52 35 32
Hispanic or Latino 835 1,031 264 269 170 118
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,144b 1,601 371 486 239 255
High School Graduate 2,921 2,725 701 758 396 391
Some College 2,511 2,207 779 565 350 258
College Graduate 1,696 1,914 428 438 102 124
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 3,826 3,531 901 787 379 323
Part-Time 1,418 1,343 464 346 288a 112
Unemployed 560b 977 145b 344 73b 162
Other1 2,468 2,597 769 770 347 432
100608
Table 1.36B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious
Thoughts of
Suicide
(2008)
Had Serious
Thoughts of
Suicide
(2009)
Made Any
Suicide Plans
(2008)
Made Any
Suicide Plans
(2009)
Attempted
Suicide
(2008)
Attempted
Suicide
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5
AGE            
18-25 6.7a 6.0 1.9 1.9 1.2 1.1
26-49 3.9 4.3 1.1 1.0 0.4 0.5
50 or Older 2.3 2.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.2
GENDER            
Male 3.4 3.5 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.4
Female 3.9 3.9 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.8 3.8 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5
White 4.0 3.9 1.1 1.0 0.4 0.4
Black or African American 3.5 3.5 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.8 5.0 1.3 2.4 0.6 1.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 4.0 * 1.0 0.8 * 0.2
Asian 2.2 2.0 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3
Two or More Races 5.7 7.6 2.4 2.1 1.4 1.3
Hispanic or Latino 2.8 3.3 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 3.3b 4.6 1.1 1.4 0.7 0.7
High School Graduate 4.2 3.9 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.6
Some College 4.4 3.8 1.4 1.0 0.6 0.4
College Graduate 2.7 3.0 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 3.1 3.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3
Part-Time 4.7 4.2 1.5 1.1 1.0b 0.4
Unemployed 6.3 6.6 1.6 2.3 0.8 1.1
Other1 3.9 4.0 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.7
100608
Table 1.37A – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Attempted
Suicide
(2008)
Attempted
Suicide
(2009)
Got Medical
Attention for
Suicide Attempt
(2008)
Got Medical
Attention for
Suicide Attempt
(2009)
Stayed Overnight
or Longer in a
Hospital for
Suicide Attempt
(2008)
Stayed Overnight
or Longer in a
Hospital for
Suicide Attempt
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,087 1,029 678 617 500 428
AGE            
18-25 393 371 135 150 83 111
26-49 447 456 296 296 216 211
50 or Older 247 201 247 171 201 106
GENDER            
Male 424 460 257 306 199 221
Female 663 569 421 311 302 207
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 917 910 578 565 428 382
White 680 646 446 403 322 255
Black or African American 181 183 108 127 83 98
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 16 1 13 * 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1 0 * 0 *
Asian 12 33 * 1 * *
Two or More Races 35 32 23 21 * 18
Hispanic or Latino 170 118 100 53 73 46
EDUCATION            
< High School 239 255 155 166 97 98
High School Graduate 396 391 194 212 143 162
Some College 350 258 248 150 196 136
College Graduate 102 124 81 89 64 32
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 379 323 195 196 110 115
Part-Time 288a 112 181a 36 163a 25
Unemployed 73b 162 27b 88 18a 57
Other1 347 432 275 297 210 231
100608
Table 1.37B – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Attempted
Suicide
(2008)
Attempted
Suicide
(2009)
Got Medical
Attention for
Suicide Attempt
(2008)
Got Medical
Attention for
Suicide Attempt
(2009)
Stayed Overnight
or Longer in a
Hospital for
Suicide Attempt
(2008)
Stayed Overnight
or Longer in a
Hospital for
Suicide Attempt
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
AGE            
18-25 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
26-49 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
50 or Older 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Female 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
White 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Black or African American 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6 1.4 0.2 1.2 * 1.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.2 0.0 * 0.0 *
Asian 0.1 0.3 * 0.0 * *
Two or More Races 1.4 1.3 0.9 0.8 * 0.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3
High School Graduate 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Some College 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
College Graduate 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Part-Time 1.0b 0.4 0.6a 0.1 0.5a 0.1
Unemployed 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.4
Other1 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4
130918
Table 1.38A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 1,511 1,377 510 498 1,001 879
Made Any Suicide Plans 471 471 155 134 316 337
Attempted Suicide 308 265 74 74 234 191
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 103 106 26 30 77 76
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
61 75 22 19 40 56
130918
Table 1.38B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 7.2a 6.3 6.1 5.5 7.9 7.0
Made Any Suicide Plans 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.5 2.5 2.7
Attempted Suicide 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.8 1.5
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4
130918
Table 1.39A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Males 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time Male
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time Male
College Students
(2009)
Other Males
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Males
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 647 560 184 171 463 389
Made Any Suicide Plans 178 180 49 35 129 145
Attempted Suicide 110 114 15 16 95 98
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 39 42 7 5 32 37
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
23 38 7 5 16 33
130918
Table 1.39B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time Male
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time Male
College Students
(2009)
Other Males
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Males
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 6.0a 5.0 4.6 3.9 6.9 5.8
Made Any Suicide Plans 1.7 1.6 1.2 0.8 1.9 2.2
Attempted Suicide 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.4 1.4
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.6
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5
130918
Table 1.40A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Females 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time Female
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time Female
College Students
(2009)
Other Females
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Females
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 864 817 326 327 538 490
Made Any Suicide Plans 292 290 106 98 186 192
Attempted Suicide 198 151 59 57 139a 94
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 64 64 19 25 45 39
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
38 37 14 14 24 23
130918
Table 1.40B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Suicidal Behavior and Treatment Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
Full-Time Female
College Students
(2008)
Full-Time Female
College Students
(2009)
Other Females
Aged 18-222
(2008)
Other Females
Aged 18-222
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module. Respondents with unknown suicide information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide 8.3 7.7 7.4 6.9 8.9 8.3
Made Any Suicide Plans 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.1 3.1 3.3
Attempted Suicide 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 2.3a 1.6
Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
   Hospital for Suicide Attempt
0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
130918
Table 1.41A – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male1
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female1
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14,297 14,766 4,949 5,209 9,348 9,557
18 420 419 111 130 309 289
19 378 378 103 118 275 260
20 311 267 135a 77 176 190
21 372a 266 111 95 261a 172
22 381 317 103 135 278a 182
23 332 324 102 116 230 209
24 334 330 92 131 242 199
25 334 354 136 107 198 247
26-29 1,423 1,267 613 466 810 801
30-34 1,263 1,613 478 538 784a 1,076
35-39 1,496 1,471 500 512 996 960
40-44 1,538 1,602 596 602 942 1,000
45-49 1,583 1,560 685 618 899 942
50-54 1,690 1,504 339 609 1,351 895
55-59 1,130 1,313 378 444 752 869
60-64 652 885 275 329 377 556
65 or Older 661 892 194 183 467 709
130918
Table 1.41B – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total1
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male1
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female1
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6.4 6.5 4.6 4.8 8.1 8.2
18 8.6 8.5 4.5 5.1 12.9 12.2
19 8.9 8.4 4.6 5.0 13.6 12.0
20 8.2 6.6 6.9a 3.7 9.5 9.7
21 9.5a 6.5 5.7 4.6 13.3a 8.3
22 9.4 7.9 5.0 6.8 13.9a 9.0
23 8.1 8.1 4.9 5.9 11.3 10.4
24 8.7 8.1 4.9 6.7 12.4 9.3
25 8.6 9.8 7.3 6.0 9.7 13.5
26-29 8.3 7.6 6.9 5.6 9.7 9.5
30-34 6.9 8.4 5.4 5.6 8.3a 11.2
35-39 7.5 7.5 5.2 5.1 9.7 9.9
40-44 7.1 7.8 5.5 6.0 8.7 9.4
45-49 7.2 7.0 6.3 5.7 8.0 8.2
50-54 7.9 6.8 3.4 5.6 11.6 7.9
55-59 6.2 7.1 4.0 4.9 8.8 9.2
60-64 4.4 5.8 4.0 4.5 4.8 6.9
65 or Older 1.8 2.4 1.2 1.1 2.2 3.3
130918
Table 1.42A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14,297 14,766 9,468 8,873 10,131 9,491 7,092 6,341
18-25 2,862 2,656 1,778 1,725 1,267 1,246 919 884
26-49 7,302 7,514 4,814 4,775 5,299 4,869 3,644 3,456
50 or Older 4,133 4,595 2,877 2,374 3,564 3,376 * 2,001
MALE 4,949 5,209 3,415 3,135 3,204 3,071 2,347 2,009
18-25 891 908 532 576 299 344 189 245
26-49 2,872 2,735 1,821 1,725 1,984 1,538 1,337 1,088
50 or Older 1,186 1,566 1,062 833 * 1,189 * *
FEMALE 9,348 9,557 6,053 5,738 6,927 6,420 4,745 4,332
18-25 1,971 1,748 1,246 1,148 968 902 730 640
26-49 4,430 4,779 2,993 3,049 3,315 3,331 2,307 2,368
50 or Older 2,947 3,029 1,815 1,540 * 2,188 * 1,325
130918
Table 1.42B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6.4 6.5 4.2 3.9 71.0b 64.4 75.0 71.5
18-25 8.7 8.0 5.4 5.2 44.7 46.9 52.1 51.3
26-49 7.4 7.6 4.9 4.8 72.6a 64.8 75.7 72.4
50 or Older 4.5 4.9 3.1 2.5 86.3b 74.0 * 84.4
MALE 4.6 4.8 3.2 2.9 65.0 59.0 69.0 64.2
18-25 5.4 5.4 3.2 3.4 34.0 37.9 36.4 42.5
26-49 5.9 5.6 3.7 3.5 69.1a 56.2 73.4 63.1
50 or Older 2.8 3.6 2.5 1.9 * 76.1 * *
FEMALE 8.1 8.2 5.2 4.9 74.2b 67.4 78.4 75.5
18-25 12.1a 10.5 7.7 6.9 49.5 51.6 58.7 55.7
26-49 8.8 9.6 6.0 6.1 74.8 69.7 77.1 77.7
50 or Older 6.0 6.0 3.7 3.1 * 72.9 * 86.0
130918
Table 1.43A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14,297 14,766 9,468 8,873 10,131 9,491 7,092 6,341
GENDER                
Male 4,949 5,209 3,415 3,135 3,204 3,071 2,347 2,009
Female 9,348 9,557 6,053 5,738 6,927 6,420 4,745 4,332
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 12,734 12,960 8,657 7,867 9,209 8,602 6,624 5,777
White 10,712 10,854 7,364 6,561 7,927 7,436 5,702 4,961
Black or African American 1,236 1,424 827 854 681 758 * 518
American Indian or Alaska Native 67 70 36 63 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 345 320 247 192 * * * *
Two or More Races 294 251 178 163 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 1,564 1,805 811 1,006 * 889 * 564
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,879 2,169 1,214 1,412 1,303 1,257 * 880
High School Graduate 4,757 4,650 3,497 2,807 3,368 2,842 2,648 1,957
Some College 4,242 4,367 2,678 2,659 2,893 2,838 1,875 1,910
College Graduate 3,419 3,580 2,078 1,994 2,567 2,554 1,691 1,594
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 6,381 6,130 3,910 3,283 3,970 3,614 2,588 2,124
Part-Time 2,412 2,306 1,476 1,490 1,783 1,430 1,161 1,042
Unemployed 917b 1,427 531b 925 * 752 * 542
Other4 4,587 4,902 3,551 3,174 3,747 3,695 2,927 2,633
130918
Table 1.43B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6.4 6.5 4.2 3.9 71.0b 64.4 75.0 71.5
GENDER                
Male 4.6 4.8 3.2 2.9 65.0 59.0 69.0 64.2
Female 8.1 8.2 5.2 4.9 74.2b 67.4 78.4 75.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.6 6.7 4.5 4.0 72.5b 66.5 76.6 73.5
White 7.0 7.0 4.8 4.2 74.2a 68.7 77.5 75.7
Black or African American 4.9 5.4 3.3 3.3 55.2 53.2 * 60.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.9 6.5 2.6 5.8 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 3.6 3.2 2.6 1.9 * * * *
Two or More Races 12.7 10.4 7.7 6.8 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 5.2 5.9 2.7 3.3 * 49.3 * 56.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 5.5 6.3 3.6 4.1 69.8a 58.1 * 62.5
High School Graduate 6.8 6.7 5.0 4.0 71.0a 61.5 75.8 69.7
Some College 7.4 7.6 4.7 4.6 68.3 65.0 70.0 71.8
College Graduate 5.5 5.5 3.3 3.1 75.1 71.3 81.4 79.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 5.2 5.4 3.2 2.9 62.4 59.2 66.3 64.7
Part-Time 7.9 7.3 4.8 4.7 73.9a 62.0 78.6 70.0
Unemployed 11.5 9.7 6.6 6.3 * 52.7 * 58.6
Other4 7.3 7.5 5.7 4.9 81.8 75.4 82.5 83.0
130918
Table 1.44A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14,297 14,766 9,468 8,873 10,131 9,491 7,092 6,341
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 2,508 2,610 1,740 1,592 1,944 1,709 1,411 1,175
Midwest 3,489 3,353 2,114 2,041 2,430 2,234 1,569 1,475
South 5,063 5,400 3,349 3,229 3,367 3,489 2,342 2,287
West 3,238 3,403 2,266 2,011 2,390 2,060 1,770 1,404
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7,045 7,649 4,519 4,503 4,839 4,604 3,246 3,089
Small Metro 4,542 4,538 2,989 2,737 3,266 3,140 2,304 2,050
Nonmetro 2,710 2,579 1,959 1,632 2,025 1,747 1,542 1,202
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 3,770 3,960 2,676 2,782 2,599 2,496 1,998 1,909
$20,000 - $49,999 5,051 4,608 3,185 2,758 3,519a 2,795 2,308 1,857
$50,000 - $74,999 2,621 2,495 1,708 1,489 1,934 1,690 * 1,133
$75,000 or More 2,856a 3,703 1,899 1,844 2,079 2,509 1,433 1,442
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 3,616 3,694 2,604 2,687 2,847 2,529 2,139 1,971
No 10,682 11,072 6,863 6,185 7,284 6,962 4,952 4,370
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 8,019 8,195 5,035 4,306 5,589 5,321 3,723 3,143
Medicaid/CHIP6 2,048 2,289 1,596 1,769 1,694 1,799 1,421 1,444
Other7 2,787 3,027 2,045 1,727 2,326 2,181 * 1,444
No Coverage 2,963 2,896 1,860 1,948 1,893 1,383 1,205 1,051
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 1,750 1,959 1,113 1,079 1,035 1,078 * 639
Very Good 4,339 4,478 2,510 2,464 2,806 2,552 1,713 1,588
Good 4,555 4,509 3,033 2,632 3,158 2,878 2,256 1,885
Fair/Poor 3,653 3,819 2,811 2,697 3,131 2,983 2,483 2,230
130918
Table 1.44B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE1
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE1,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE3
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2,3
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6.4 6.5 4.2 3.9 71.0b 64.4 75.0 71.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 6.1 6.3 4.2 3.8 77.7b 65.6 81.2 74.0
Midwest 7.1 6.8 4.3 4.1 69.8 66.6 74.3 72.3
South 6.2 6.6 4.1 3.9 66.6 64.6 70.1 70.8
West 6.3 6.5 4.4 3.9 74.1b 61.0 78.1 69.8
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 6.0 6.4 3.8 3.8 68.8a 60.4 72.0 68.7
Small Metro 6.7 6.6 4.4 4.0 72.1 69.2 77.1 74.9
Nonmetro 7.3 7.0 5.3 4.4 74.9 67.8 78.7 73.6
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 10.1 10.0 7.1 7.0 69.1 63.1 74.7 68.7
$20,000 - $49,999 7.0 6.2 4.4 3.7 69.7a 61.0 72.5 67.4
$50,000 - $74,999 6.2 6.4 4.0 3.8 74.1 67.7 * 76.1
$75,000 or More 4.0a 5.1 2.7 2.5 73.0 67.8 75.4 78.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 11.7 10.7 8.4 7.8 78.8b 68.5 82.2a 73.4
No 5.6 5.8 3.6 3.2 68.4 63.1 72.3 70.7
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 5.2 5.3 3.2 2.8 69.8 65.1 74.0 73.0
Medicaid/CHIP6 11.3 12.1 8.8 9.4 83.1 78.6 89.2 81.7
Other7 5.5 5.8 4.0 3.3 83.5a 72.1 * 83.8
No Coverage 8.6 8.1 5.4 5.4 64.1b 47.8 65.1 54.0
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 3.4 3.7 2.2 2.0 59.2 55.0 * 59.2
Very Good 5.2 5.5 3.0 3.0 64.7a 57.0 68.3 64.4
Good 7.5 7.3 5.0 4.3 69.4 64.2 74.4 71.6
Fair/Poor 13.0 13.2 10.0 9.3 86.1a 78.2 88.6 82.8
130918
Table 1.45A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
MDE1
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE1
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 31,307 33,145 3,885 4,358 27,135 28,523
Marijuana and Hashish 22,867b 25,182 2,583 3,106 20,039a 21,915
Cocaine 4,697 4,557 670 669 3,918 3,797
Crack 1,002 988 160 209 801 755
Heroin 360a 571 96 150 262 415
Hallucinogens 2,766b 3,774 451 488 2,281b 3,248
LSD 540 637 68 101 471 528
PCP 63 75 6 4 56 71
Ecstasy 1,617b 2,383 274 286 1,329b 2,062
Inhalants 767b 1,134 86a 179 679a 947
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 13,454 14,120 2,097 2,323 11,200 11,644
Pain Relievers 10,435 10,789 1,573 1,880 8,768 8,822
OxyContin® 1,128a 1,454 143b 339 976 1,089
Tranquilizers 4,521 5,000 894 990 3,602 3,952
Stimulants5 2,147b 2,727 386 543 1,712a 2,140
Methamphetamine5 683b 1,079 117a 263 526a 800
Sedatives 445a 685 106 186 339 500
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 17,237 18,165 2,577 2,744 14,445 15,217
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 36,251 35,349 4,163 3,787 31,869 31,257
Heavy Alcohol Use7 16,366 16,612 1,371 1,362 14,931 15,139
130918
Table 1.45B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
MDE1
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE1
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 13.9 14.6 27.2 29.5 13.0 13.5
Marijuana and Hashish 10.2a 11.1 18.1 21.0 9.6a 10.4
Cocaine 2.1 2.0 4.7 4.5 1.9 1.8
Crack 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.4 0.4 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.2b 1.7 3.2 3.3 1.1b 1.5
LSD 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.7b 1.0 1.9 1.9 0.6b 1.0
Inhalants 0.3b 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.3a 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.0 6.2 14.7 15.7 5.4 5.5
Pain Relievers 4.6 4.7 11.0 12.7 4.2 4.2
OxyContin® 0.5a 0.6 1.0b 2.3 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.2 6.3 6.7 1.7 1.9
Stimulants5 1.0b 1.2 2.7 3.7 0.8a 1.0
Methamphetamine5 0.3b 0.5 0.8a 1.8 0.3a 0.4
Sedatives 0.2a 0.3 0.7 1.3 0.2 0.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 7.7 8.0 18.0 18.6 6.9 7.2
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 16.1 15.6 29.1 25.6 15.2 14.8
Heavy Alcohol Use7 7.3 7.3 9.6 9.2 7.1 7.2
130918
Table 1.46A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence/Abuse Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
MDE1
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE1
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 5,517 6,044 1,156 1,264 4,314 4,700
Marijuana 3,222 3,469 544 558 2,658 2,883
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2,946 3,219 742 900 2,175 2,266
Alcohol 16,324 17,527 2,381 2,704 13,844 14,721
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 2,467 2,774 629 664 1,815 2,071
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 19,374a 20,796 2,907 3,305 16,344 17,349
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 3,844 4,306 855 1,025 2,952 3,223
Marijuana 2,098 2,188 352 426 1,729 1,754
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2,029 2,440 593 717 1,416 1,672
Alcohol 7,784 8,421 1,557 1,761 6,146 6,595
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 964 1,223 276 372 675 814
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 10,664 11,505 2,136 2,415 8,423 9,003
130918
Table 1.46B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence/Abuse Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
MDE1
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE1
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 2.5 2.7 8.1 8.6 2.1 2.2
Marijuana 1.4 1.5 3.8 3.8 1.3 1.4
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.3 1.4 5.2 6.1 1.0 1.1
Alcohol 7.3 7.7 16.7 18.3 6.6 7.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1.1 1.2 4.4 4.5 0.9 1.0
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 8.6 9.2 20.3 22.4 7.8 8.2
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 1.7 1.9 6.0 6.9 1.4 1.5
Marijuana 0.9 1.0 2.5 2.9 0.8 0.8
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 0.9 1.1 4.1 4.9 0.7 0.8
Alcohol 3.5 3.7 10.9 11.9 2.9 3.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 0.4 0.5 1.9 2.5 0.3 0.4
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 4.7 5.1 14.9 16.4 4.0 4.3
130918
Table 1.47A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Type of Professional1 MDE2
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL4 9,496 8,692 6,666 5,798
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 5,547 5,424 3,946 3,567
Other Medical Doctor5 1,158 900 975 636
Psychologist 2,481 2,182 1,936 1,689
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 3,449 2,779 2,766 2,127
Social Worker 796 1,012 622 777
Counselor 1,975 1,672 1,418 1,349
Other Mental Health Professional6 739 495 646 456
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
   Health Professional
653 561 512 395
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 1,854 1,588 1,196 1,144
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 497 601 319 461
Other8 177 33 157 20
130918
Table 1.47B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Type of Professional1 MDE2
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2,3
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 58.5 62.5 59.2 61.5
Other Medical Doctor5 12.2 10.4 14.6 11.0
Psychologist 26.2 25.1 29.1 29.1
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 36.4 32.0 41.5 36.7
Social Worker 8.4 11.7 9.3 13.4
Counselor 20.8 19.3 21.3 23.3
Other Mental Health Professional6 7.8 5.7 9.7 7.9
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
   Health Professional
6.9 6.5 7.7 6.8
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 19.5 18.3 17.9 19.7
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 5.2 6.9 4.8 8.0
Other8 1.9 0.4 2.4 0.4
130918
Table 1.48A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only1
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,131 9,491 2,356 2,111 587 798 7,140 6,581
GENDER                
Male 3,204 3,071 836 701 141 295 2,227 2,074
Female 6,927 6,420 1,520 1,410 446 504 4,912 4,507
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,209 8,602 1,916 1,814 558 761 6,687 6,026
White 7,927 7,436 1,572 1,344 506 673 5,801 5,418
Black or African American 681 758 206 261 25 79 * 418
Other or Two or More Races * 407 * * * 8 * 190
Hispanic or Latino * 889 * 297 28 38 * 554
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 2,599 2,496 610 476 179 291 1,761 1,729
$20,000 - $49,999 3,519a 2,795 1,011 655 167 187 2,340 1,954
$50,000 - $74,999 1,934 1,690 334 328 97 101 1,503 1,261
$75,000 or More 2,079 2,509 401 652 143 219 1,535 1,637
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 2,847 2,529 663 444 122 200 2,013 1,885
No 7,284 6,962 1,693 1,667 465 598 5,126 4,696
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 5,589 5,321 1,284 1,276 380 366 3,926 3,678
Medicaid/CHIP4 1,694 1,799 249 329 44a 169 1,400 1,301
Other5 2,326 2,181 422 309 174 205 1,683 1,667
No Coverage 1,893 1,383 669a 349 97 196 1,127 838
130918
Table 1.48B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only1
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication1
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 71.0b 64.4 16.5 14.3 4.1 5.4 50.2a 44.6
GENDER                
Male 65.0 59.0 16.9 13.5 2.9 5.7 45.1 39.8
Female 74.2b 67.4 16.3 14.8 4.8 5.3 52.9 47.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 72.5b 66.5 15.1 14.0 4.4 5.9 52.8a 46.5
White 74.2a 68.7 14.7 12.4 4.8 6.2 54.5 49.9
Black or African American 55.2 53.2 16.7 18.3 2.0 5.6 * 29.4
Other or Two or More Races * 59.7 * * * 1.2 * 27.8
Hispanic or Latino * 49.3 * 16.5 1.8 2.1 * 30.7
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 69.1 63.1 16.2 12.0 4.8 7.3 47.4 43.7
$20,000 - $49,999 69.7a 61.0 20.0 14.2 3.3 4.1 46.3 42.4
$50,000 - $74,999 74.1 67.7 12.7 13.1 3.7 4.1 57.4 50.5
$75,000 or More 73.0 67.8 14.1 17.6 5.0 5.9 53.9 44.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 78.8b 68.5 18.4 12.0 3.4 5.4 56.4 51.0
No 68.4 63.1 15.9 15.1 4.4 5.4 48.1 42.4
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 69.8 65.1 16.0 15.6 4.7 4.5 49.0 44.9
Medicaid/CHIP4 83.1 78.6 12.2 14.4 2.2a 7.4 68.6a 56.9
Other5 83.5a 72.1 15.1 10.2 6.4 6.8 61.4 55.1
No Coverage 64.1b 47.8 22.6a 12.0 3.3 6.8 38.1 29.0
130918
Table 1.49A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students1
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-221,3
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-223
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
3 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,862 1,648 680 711 1,182b 937
AGE            
18 420 419 173 162 247 257
19 378 378 156 195 222 183
20 311 267 121 137 190 130
21 372a 266 104 98 268a 169
22 381 317 126 119 255 198
GENDER            
Male 562 554 160 202 402 353
Female 1,300a 1,093 520 509 780b 584
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,556 1,429 591 639 964a 789
White 1,177 1,145 442 510 735 635
Black or African American 226 182 66 84 160 98
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 9 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 49 51 46 25 * 26
Two or More Races * 35 * 15 * 20
Hispanic or Latino 306 219 89 72 217 148
130918
Table 1.49B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1,2
(2008)
Total2
(2009)
Full-Time
College Students1
(2008)
Full-Time
College Students
(2009)
Other Persons
Aged 18-221,3
(2008)
Other Persons
Aged 18-223
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 In 2008, a split-sample design assigned adults aged 18 or older randomly to one of two impairment scales, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) or the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). For comparability purposes, estimates for Major Depressive Episode for 2008 are based only on the WHODAS half-sample. All estimates for 2009 are based on the full sample. For details, see Section B.4.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings.
2 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
3 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8.9a 7.6 8.3 7.8 9.3a 7.5
AGE            
18 8.6 8.5 9.5 9.0 8.1 8.2
19 8.9 8.4 7.5 8.2 10.1 8.5
20 8.2 6.6 7.5 7.3 8.7 6.0
21 9.5a 6.5 6.8 5.5 11.3a 7.2
22 9.4 7.9 11.0 9.5 8.8 7.2
GENDER            
Male 5.3 5.0 4.0 4.6 6.0 5.3
Female 12.7b 10.3 12.3 10.8 13.0a 10.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.0 8.1 8.1 8.0 9.6 8.1
White 9.2 8.7 8.0 8.5 10.2 8.8
Black or African American 7.3 5.8 6.5 7.1 7.7 5.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.9 6.5 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.8 5.8 8.0 4.3 * 9.0
Two or More Races * 11.6 * 10.8 * 12.2
Hispanic or Latino 8.6a 5.6 9.8 6.3 8.2 5.3
130918
Table 1.50A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined for this table as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale during the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,158 10,438 4,252 4,040 5,906 6,398
18 400 402 156 159 244 242
19 388 361 141 158 247 203
20 330 290 138 111 192 179
21 302 355 126 144 176 211
22 276 267 112 134 163 133
23 298 341 115 136 183 205
24 250 289 100 121 149 168
25 239 251 113 97 126 154
26-29 970 906 386 321 584 585
30-34 883 1,125 334 391 549 734
35-39 1,216 951 522 348 694 603
40-44 1,025 1,144 420 483 605 662
45-49 946 1,038 442 512 504 525
50-54 784 910 259 317 525 594
55-59 482 630 221 253 260 377
60-64 366 484 198 168 168 316
65 or Older 1,005 693 469a 185 535 508
130918
Table 1.50B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined for this table as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale during the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.5 4.6 3.9 3.7 5.1 5.4
18 8.2 8.1 6.2 6.2 10.2 10.2
19 8.9 7.9 6.1 6.6 12.0 9.3
20 8.3 7.0 6.9 5.2 9.8 9.0
21 7.6 8.6 6.3 6.9 8.8 10.2
22 6.8 6.6 5.6 6.7 8.0 6.5
23 7.3 8.5 5.7 6.9 8.9 10.1
24 6.5 7.0 5.3 6.2 7.7 7.8
25 6.3 6.9 6.1 5.5 6.5 8.4
26-29 5.7 5.4 4.4 3.9 7.0 6.9
30-34 4.8 5.8 3.7 4.0 5.7 7.6
35-39 6.0 4.8 5.3 3.4 6.6 6.2
40-44 4.8 5.5 4.0 4.8 5.5 6.1
45-49 4.2 4.6 3.9 4.7 4.5 4.6
50-54 3.6 4.1 2.5 2.9 4.5 5.2
55-59 2.7 3.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 4.0
60-64 2.4 3.1 2.7 2.3 2.1 3.9
65 or Older 2.7 1.8 2.9a 1.1 2.5 2.4
130918
Table 1.51A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined for this table as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale during the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,158 10,438 2,483 2,556 5,039 5,165 2,636 2,717
GENDER                
Male 4,252 4,040 1,001 1,061 2,103 2,056 1,147 923
Female 5,906 6,398 1,482 1,495 2,935 3,109 1,489 1,794
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,660 8,952 2,059 2,107 4,337 4,521 2,264 2,324
White 6,718 7,282 1,527 1,557 3,329 3,706 1,862 2,019
Black or African American 1,360 1,241 355 380 806 624 199 237
American Indian or Alaska Native 43 43 17 22 14 17 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 32 * * * * * *
Asian 291 188 100 103 100 85 * *
Two or More Races 199 167 49 31 54 76 * 60
Hispanic or Latino 1,498 1,486 424 448 702 644 372 393
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,893 2,797 691 681 1,124 1,305 1,078 811
High School Graduate 3,200 3,458 827a 970 1,606 1,610 768 877
Some College 2,746 2,685 759 677 1,517 1,337 470 671
College Graduate 1,318 1,498 206 228 792 913 320 357
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 4,036 3,643 951a 790 2,548 2,219 537 634
Part-Time 1,328 1,458 587 660 558 644 183 154
Unemployed 918b 1,276 373a 466 483 636 62 175
Other1 3,876 4,061 571 640 1,450 1,666 1,855 1,755
130918
Table 1.51B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2009)
Aged 50+
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined for this table as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale during the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.5 4.6 7.5 7.6 5.0 5.2 2.9 2.9
GENDER                
Male 3.9 3.7 6.0 6.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 2.1
Female 5.1 5.4 9.1 9.0 5.8 6.2 3.0 3.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.5 4.6 7.6 7.7 5.2 5.5 2.7 2.7
White 4.3 4.7 7.5 7.6 5.2 5.9 2.6 2.8
Black or African American 5.3 4.7 7.6 7.9 6.6 5.1 2.3 2.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.5 4.0 10.1 9.4 3.5 3.8 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 4.3 * * * * * *
Asian 3.0 1.9 6.7 6.8 1.9 1.6 * *
Two or More Races 7.9 6.9 12.0 7.2 6.2 7.2 * 6.3
Hispanic or Latino 4.9 4.8 7.3 7.3 4.2 3.8 4.9 4.9
EDUCATION                
< High School 8.3 8.1 11.7 11.2 8.5 9.8 6.8 5.3
High School Graduate 4.6 4.9 7.1a 8.3 5.7 5.8 2.5 2.9
Some College 4.8 4.7 7.0 6.1 5.8 5.3 2.3 3.2
College Graduate 2.1 2.3 4.5 4.8 2.5 2.8 1.2 1.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 3.3 3.2 6.3 6.4 3.6 3.3 1.5 1.8
Part-Time 4.4 4.6 6.9 7.0 5.3 5.4 1.6 1.5
Unemployed 10.2 8.7 12.2 10.2 11.2 8.9 3.9 5.7
Other1 6.1 6.2 9.0 8.8 10.7 11.9 4.3 3.9
130918
Table 1.52A – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL 27,215b 27,939b 27,502b 28,166a 28,346a 29,401 30,002 30,179
AGE                
18-25 3,256b 3,511 3,459a 3,615 3,514 3,365b 3,547 3,705
26-49 14,492 14,476 14,348 13,889 14,020 14,242 13,937 14,415
50 or Older 9,466b 9,952b 9,695b 10,661a 10,812 11,794 12,518 12,059
GENDER                
Male 8,772b 8,689b 9,044a 9,308 9,458 9,836 10,053 10,107
Female 18,442a 19,250 18,458a 18,858 18,888 19,565 19,949 20,072
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 25,172b 25,919b 25,523b 25,999a 26,320a 27,241 27,951 27,906
White 21,943b 22,914a 22,512b 22,890a 23,279 24,647 24,637 24,754
Black or African American 1,953 2,021 2,052 2,193 1,855 1,711 2,230 2,021
American Indian or Alaska Native 227 136 143 169 130 128 124 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 29 * * * 58 * * *
Asian 668a 424 422 365 519 370 442 353
Two or More Races 352 373 335 317 480 359 464 463
Hispanic or Latino 2,043 2,020 1,979 2,166 2,025 2,160 2,051 2,274
130918
Table 1.52B – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2009
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL 13.0 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 13.2 13.4 13.3
AGE                
18-25 10.5 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.8 10.3a 10.8 11.1
26-49 14.5 14.5 14.4 13.9 14.0 14.3 14.0 14.6
50 or Older 12.0 12.3 11.7 12.5 12.4 13.2 13.6 12.8
GENDER                
Male 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.2
Female 16.9 17.5 16.6 16.8 16.6 17.0 17.2 17.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6 13.9 13.6 13.7 13.8 14.2 14.4 14.3
White 14.7b 15.2 14.9a 15.1 15.2 16.0 16.0 16.0
Black or African American 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.9 7.4 6.8 8.7 7.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 12.6 12.6 15.4 11.9 11.6 13.2 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.9 * * * 7.0 * * *
Asian 8.3b 4.9 4.7 4.0 5.6 3.9 4.5 3.5
Two or More Races 16.6 17.5 15.8 14.4 21.6 15.6 18.8 19.1
Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.8 7.4 7.8 7.0 7.3 6.8 7.3

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