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Massachusetts


Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 939
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 87
State population, 2009 6,593,587
Population covered by DAWN 6,593,587
Percent of population covered by DAWN 100%

State overview: Deaths and population by county, 2009
County Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Total participating (14) 939 14.2 87 1.3 6,593,587
1. Barnstable County 30 13.6 4 1.8 221,151
2. Berkshire County 22 17.0 4 3.1 129,288
3. Bristol County 96 17.5 6 1.1 547,433
4. Dukes County 1 6.3 0 0.0 15,974
5. Essex County 105 14.1 8 1.1 742,582
6. Franklin County 2 2.8 0 0.0 71,778
7. Hampden County 89 18.9 10 2.1 471,081
8. Hampshire County 16 10.3 2 1.3 156,044
9. Middlesex County 166 11.0 17 1.1 1,505,006
10. Nantucket County 1 8.8 1 8.8 11,322
11. Norfolk County 71 10.7 6 0.9 666,303
12. Plymouth County 62 12.4 10 2.0 498,344
13. Suffolk County 186 24.7 9 1.2 753,580
14. Worcester County 92 11.4 10 1.2 803,701

Deaths by manner of death, 2009
Suicide 8.5%
Homicide 0.3%
Could not be determined 4.8%
Accidental 80.4%
Natural 6.0%

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2009
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 212 490 702
Cocaine 45 264 309
Alcohol 0 253 253
Benzodiazepines 0 142 142
Antidepressants 9 92 101

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2009
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 6 29 35
Opiates/opioids 3 25 28
Alcohol 1 25 26
Benzodiazepines 0 23 23
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 1 17 18

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2009
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 20.0
Female 8.8

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.7
21 to 34 20.4
35 to 54 24.8
55 and over 11.2

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2009
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.4
Female 1.2

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 *
21 to 34 1.5
35 to 54 1.8
55 and over 2.0

Place of death, 2009
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 379
Home 446
Public place 14
Other 86
Not documented 14

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 27
Home 38
Public place 6
Other 15
Not documented *

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2008-2009
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2009 Single-drug deaths, 2009 Deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2009 Single-drug deaths, 2009
NOTES: Alcohol row includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21. Club drugs row includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine. Hallucinogens row includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 914 939 352 100 87 25
Alcohol 288 253 0 35 26 *
Cocaine 339 309 45 17 5 0
Marijuana 66 46 0 7 * 0
Stimulants 19 13 0 * * 0
Club drugs 0 4 * 0 0 0
Hallucinogens 0 * 0 0 0 0
Inhalants * 4 * 6 7 5
Antidepressants 96 101 9 34 35 6
Antipsychotics 21 16 * 16 15 0
Benzodiazepines 153 142 0 21 23 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 28 31 * 15 18 *
Opiates/opioids 687 702 212 40 28 *
– Heroin (specified) 65 76 21 * * 0
– Methadone 129 160 44 * * *
– All other opiates/opioids 542 520 147 36 24 *
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 * 0 * 0 0
Salicylates/combinations * 4 * * * *
Misc. analgesics/combinations 13 23 6 12 11 *
Anticonvulsants 9 9 * * 7 *
Muscle relaxants 8 13 0 5 6 0

End Notes

1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. An asterisk (*) signifies that a small number of deaths was suppressed to protect privacy.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2009.

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