Table 1.6
Discharges aged 12 and older, by characteristics at admission and type of service: 2009
Percent distribution of characteristics at admission
[Based on linked admission and discharge data reported to TEDS by 45 States and jurisdictions.]
Characteristics at admission Type of service 
Total1 Outpatient Intensive
outpatient
Short-term
residential
Long-term
residential
Hospital
residential
Detox-
ification
Outpatient
med. asst.
opi. ther.2
Med.-
asst. opi.
Detox3
No. of discharges  1,615,015 685,256 200,259 178,808 135,390 4,032 326,365 62,564 22,341
Gender
Male  68.0  68.2  62.9  66.5  64.7  65.7  74.4  61.1  67.6
Female  32.0  31.8  37.1  33.5  35.3  34.3  25.6  38.9  32.4
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Age at admission
12 to 20 years  14.1  19.6  17.1  12.5  13.7   6.5   4.2   3.8   5.5
21 to 30 years  29.4  30.9  32.4  29.9  30.2  25.0  23.3  29.8  31.9
31 to 40 years  22.2  21.1  22.2  22.7  23.5  24.2  23.3  24.5  22.2
41 to 50 years  23.4  19.5  20.2  24.4  23.6  28.4  32.3  25.8  25.5
Over 50 years  11.0   8.9   8.2  10.5   8.9  15.8  16.9  16.0  14.9
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Race/ethnicity
White (non-Hispanic)  59.4  58.9  60.6  65.8  54.6  77.8  58.2  57.9  60.2
Black (non-Hispanic)  20.3  19.3  21.9  20.5  22.6  12.1  21.5  17.3  16.4
Hispanic origin  14.1  15.4  10.5   9.4  14.9   5.2  14.6  20.1  17.3
Other   6.2   6.4   7.0   4.3   7.9   4.9   5.6   4.6   6.1
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Primary substance
Alcohol  41.7  43.2  39.4  41.0  31.0  56.6  54.6   2.4   8.8
Opiates  20.9   9.6  13.1  21.8  19.6  18.4  31.1  94.3  88.0
Marijuana/hashish  17.4  26.1  25.1  13.3  14.7   6.9   2.0   1.2   0.3
Cocaine   9.8   9.1  11.3  14.1  17.0   7.6   7.2   0.9   1.1
Stimulants   7.4   8.7   8.6   6.9  15.3   6.2   3.0   0.3   0.3
Other/unknown   2.8   3.3   2.5   3.0   2.4   4.3   2.2   1.0   1.6
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Frequency of use
No use in the past month  29.1  43.9  41.8  13.0  35.8   7.8   1.7  15.8   1.8
Some use  33.3  39.9  36.5  34.8  31.5  26.2  22.8  15.2   8.9
Daily  37.6  16.2  21.7  52.2  32.7  66.0  75.5  69.0  89.3
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of prior treatment
episodes
None  41.6  50.5  41.9  33.5  30.6  34.0  34.5  24.3  31.2
1 or more  58.4  49.5  58.1  66.5  69.4  66.0  65.5  75.7  68.8
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Treatment referral source
Criminal justice/DUI  37.8  56.0  47.7  22.7  38.0  18.7  10.7   5.8   2.3
Self or individual  32.9  18.4  23.4  31.8  25.8  47.0  61.4  73.5  81.5
Health care/community  29.3  25.6  28.9  45.5  36.2  34.2  27.9  20.7  16.2
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Employment status4
Employed  24.0  34.5  26.1  14.0   7.1  17.9  13.8  24.5  17.0
Unemployed/Not in labor force  76.0  65.5  73.9  86.0  92.9  82.1  86.2  75.5  83.0
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Years of education4
Fewer than 12 years  32.0  32.3  34.0  30.5  34.9  25.2  29.2  36.1  32.1
12 years (or GED)  44.0  44.0  43.0  42.8  42.6  45.0  45.8  43.9  47.1
More than 12 years  24.0  23.8  23.1  26.6  22.5  29.8  24.9  20.0  20.8
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1 Excludes 5,573 residential (short-term, long-term, hospital) discharges where medication-assisted opioid therapy was planned.
2 Outpatient and intensive outpatient medication-assisted opioid therapy only.
3 Medication-assisted opioid detoxification (free-standing, hospital, and outpatient) only.
4 Includes only discharges aged 16 and above for employment status and aged 18 and older for years of educationn.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.10.11.

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