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2003 State Estimates of Substance Use

Appendix B:
Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance

41005

Table B.1 Any Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 8.25   11.44   20.24   5.72  
Alabama 6.62 (5.51 – 7.94) 9.65 (7.88 – 11.78) 15.94 (13.46 – 18.77) 4.57 (3.35 – 6.18)
Alaska 12.01 (10.28 – 13.98) 13.34 (11.15 – 15.88) 27.29 (23.82 – 31.06) 9.17 (7.08 – 11.80)
Arizona 8.87 (7.47 – 10.51) 12.61 (10.40 – 15.23) 18.88 (15.99 – 22.16) 6.53 (4.97 – 8.53)
Arkansas 7.78 (6.63 – 9.12) 11.72 (9.73 – 14.07) 21.05 (18.00 – 24.46) 4.89 (3.64 – 6.54)
California 9.01 (8.19 – 9.91) 11.44 (10.23 – 12.77) 18.83 (17.19 – 20.59) 6.86 (5.88 – 7.99)
Colorado 11.12 (9.52 – 12.94) 13.83 (11.48 – 16.58) 25.52 (22.07 – 29.31) 8.24 (6.44 – 10.48)
Connecticut 8.75 (7.41 – 10.30) 12.43 (10.28 – 14.96) 25.58 (22.15 – 29.35) 5.82 (4.37 – 7.70)
Delaware 8.74 (7.54 – 10.11) 13.54 (11.38 – 16.04) 25.77 (22.45 – 29.39) 5.19 (3.94 – 6.82)
District of Columbia 11.59 (9.85 – 13.59) 11.54 (9.44 – 14.03) 26.23 (22.57 – 30.26) 8.71 (6.79 – 11.10)
Florida 8.72 (7.94 – 9.56) 11.42 (10.22 – 12.74) 21.32 (19.63 – 23.11) 6.58 (5.67 – 7.63)
Georgia 7.54 (6.37 – 8.90) 10.43 (8.53 – 12.69) 17.51 (14.70 – 20.73) 5.31 (4.04 – 6.95)
Hawaii 8.90 (7.43 – 10.64) 13.97 (11.37 – 17.05) 19.31 (16.23 – 22.81) 6.56 (4.90 – 8.72)
Idaho 7.24 (6.13 – 8.53) 11.02 (9.08 – 13.31) 15.80 (13.24 – 18.73) 4.86 (3.64 – 6.47)
Illinois 7.50 (6.84 – 8.23) 10.83 (9.72 – 12.06) 20.22 (18.59 – 21.95) 4.80 (4.03 – 5.70)
Indiana 8.07 (6.88 – 9.44) 10.15 (8.25 – 12.42) 20.67 (17.73 – 23.95) 5.45 (4.18 – 7.08)
Iowa 6.47 (5.35 – 7.79) 9.22 (7.38 – 11.48) 15.80 (13.10 – 18.94) 4.33 (3.13 – 5.96)
Kansas 6.74 (5.67 – 7.99) 9.33 (7.51 – 11.53) 16.67 (14.03 – 19.70) 4.43 (3.28 – 5.95)
Kentucky 8.33 (7.05 – 9.81) 11.70 (9.68 – 14.08) 18.43 (15.61 – 21.63) 6.15 (4.70 – 8.01)
Louisiana 8.07 (6.90 – 9.42) 10.76 (8.78 – 13.12) 20.54 (17.66 – 23.76) 5.17 (3.91 – 6.81)
Maine 9.31 (7.94 – 10.89) 12.58 (10.49 – 15.01) 25.20 (21.99 – 28.70) 6.52 (4.98 – 8.49)
Maryland 7.57 (6.45 – 8.87) 10.76 (8.86 – 13.02) 22.02 (18.76 – 25.66) 4.85 (3.67 – 6.39)
Massachusetts 9.28 (7.96 – 10.79) 13.94 (11.72 – 16.51) 27.46 (23.91 – 31.32) 5.81 (4.39 – 7.66)
Michigan 9.06 (8.30 – 9.88) 12.80 (11.55 – 14.16) 21.22 (19.65 – 22.88) 6.42 (5.52 – 7.45)
Minnesota 7.59 (6.41 – 8.98) 11.59 (9.54 – 14.02) 19.28 (16.31 – 22.64) 4.91 (3.67 – 6.54)
Mississippi 6.56 (5.52 – 7.79) 10.59 (8.58 – 13.00) 16.33 (13.64 – 19.42) 3.98 (2.90 – 5.46)
Missouri 9.17 (7.78 – 10.78) 10.05 (8.21 – 12.24) 21.37 (18.45 – 24.62) 6.90 (5.30 – 8.93)
Montana 10.58 (9.07 – 12.30) 15.57 (13.14 – 18.35) 22.34 (19.36 – 25.64) 7.77 (6.03 – 9.95)
Nebraska 7.67 (6.57 – 8.94) 12.71 (10.53 – 15.28) 18.91 (16.16 – 22.01) 4.78 (3.58 – 6.35)
Nevada 10.30 (8.70 – 12.15) 12.46 (10.27 – 15.04) 22.02 (18.86 – 25.53) 8.17 (6.34 – 10.47)
New Hampshire 11.15 (9.45 – 13.11) 14.46 (12.10 – 17.18) 29.61 (26.09 – 33.39) 7.82 (5.93 – 10.25)
New Jersey 6.97 (5.86 – 8.28) 10.42 (8.46 – 12.77) 21.36 (18.23 – 24.86) 4.48 (3.32 – 6.02)
New Mexico 10.00 (8.39 – 11.88) 14.16 (11.45 – 17.37) 22.17 (18.75 – 26.01) 7.08 (5.27 – 9.46)
New York 8.90 (8.10 – 9.78) 11.68 (10.46 – 13.01) 23.89 (22.00 – 25.89) 6.07 (5.14 – 7.15)
North Carolina 7.92 (6.70 – 9.35) 13.62 (11.35 – 16.26) 20.35 (17.35 – 23.73) 5.09 (3.79 – 6.79)
North Dakota 7.22 (6.03 – 8.63) 11.64 (9.57 – 14.09) 18.02 (15.17 – 21.28) 4.35 (3.10 – 6.08)
Ohio 8.04 (7.33 – 8.81) 11.39 (10.24 – 12.64) 20.64 (19.03 – 22.34) 5.42 (4.59 – 6.39)
Oklahoma 8.58 (7.13 – 10.27) 12.23 (10.05 – 14.80) 18.97 (15.84 – 22.54) 6.06 (4.46 – 8.18)
Oregon 10.84 (9.24 – 12.68) 12.30 (10.17 – 14.80) 24.72 (21.54 – 28.19) 8.30 (6.46 – 10.61)
Pennsylvania 7.50 (6.79 – 8.28) 11.28 (10.13 – 12.54) 20.54 (18.87 – 22.32) 4.91 (4.10 – 5.87)
Rhode Island 10.95 (9.35 – 12.78) 13.25 (10.76 – 16.21) 32.44 (28.49 – 36.66) 6.75 (5.03 – 9.00)
South Carolina 7.23 (6.07 – 8.59) 11.05 (9.00 – 13.50) 19.54 (16.63 – 22.81) 4.54 (3.33 – 6.16)
South Dakota 7.15 (6.02 – 8.48) 13.26 (10.86 – 16.09) 17.92 (15.17 – 21.05) 4.13 (2.89 – 5.87)
Tennessee 6.70 (5.53 – 8.10) 9.23 (7.36 – 11.50) 16.16 (13.22 – 19.61) 4.78 (3.51 – 6.48)
Texas 6.97 (6.35 – 7.65) 10.18 (9.05 – 11.44) 16.54 (15.07 – 18.13) 4.59 (3.86 – 5.44)
Utah 6.32 (5.22 – 7.63) 8.76 (6.95 – 10.98) 12.69 (10.26 – 15.58) 4.00 (2.81 – 5.67)
Vermont 10.96 (9.37 – 12.78) 16.67 (14.04 – 19.67) 29.58 (25.76 – 33.70) 6.99 (5.25 – 9.26)
Virginia 7.68 (6.49 – 9.07) 11.88 (9.75 – 14.39) 20.53 (17.64 – 23.77) 5.03 (3.73 – 6.75)
Washington 9.96 (8.53 – 11.60) 13.49 (11.23 – 16.13) 24.65 (21.44 – 28.18) 6.96 (5.36 – 8.98)
West Virginia 6.61 (5.59 – 7.81) 11.70 (9.68 – 14.07) 17.37 (14.60 – 20.54) 4.29 (3.22 – 5.68)
Wisconsin 7.48 (6.34 – 8.80) 10.73 (8.69 – 13.19) 18.85 (16.08 – 21.98) 4.98 (3.75 – 6.60)
Wyoming 7.51 (6.28 – 8.95) 10.05 (8.17 – 12.31) 18.36 (15.43 – 21.70) 5.07 (3.76 – 6.82)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

 

41005

Table B.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 10.78   15.38   29.13   6.95  
Alabama 8.35 (7.14 – 9.74) 12.75 (10.76 – 15.06) 23.79 (20.75 – 27.12) 5.03 (3.77 – 6.68)
Alaska 16.65 (14.61 – 18.90) 18.87 (16.25 – 21.81) 38.90 (35.27 – 42.66) 12.46 (10.04 – 15.35)
Arizona 10.48 (9.03 – 12.14) 16.96 (14.34 – 19.95) 27.54 (24.13 – 31.24) 6.46 (4.97 – 8.37)
Arkansas 10.22 (8.85 – 11.78) 15.76 (13.43 – 18.40) 28.89 (25.24 – 32.82) 6.15 (4.72 – 7.97)
California 11.33 (10.48 – 12.23) 14.11 (12.76 – 15.56) 28.29 (26.35 – 30.31) 7.81 (6.82 – 8.93)
Colorado 15.08 (13.24 – 17.14) 19.55 (16.75 – 22.68) 36.57 (32.97 – 40.33) 10.73 (8.67 – 13.21)
Connecticut 11.78 (10.23 – 13.52) 17.58 (14.96 – 20.55) 38.82 (34.89 – 42.90) 7.09 (5.44 – 9.18)
Delaware 11.65 (10.19 – 13.30) 18.20 (15.65 – 21.06) 33.24 (29.51 – 37.18) 7.09 (5.57 – 8.99)
District of Columbia 15.09 (13.17 – 17.23) 14.83 (12.48 – 17.54) 37.61 (33.64 – 41.76) 10.68 (8.56 – 13.24)
Florida 11.36 (10.48 – 12.30) 16.13 (14.71 – 17.67) 29.83 (27.83 – 31.92) 8.13 (7.12 – 9.27)
Georgia 9.61 (8.33 – 11.07) 14.20 (11.95 – 16.80) 23.85 (20.60 – 27.44) 6.36 (5.01 – 8.05)
Hawaii 11.56 (9.97 – 13.37) 18.09 (15.18 – 21.41) 30.20 (26.43 – 34.26) 7.70 (5.99 – 9.85)
Idaho 9.26 (8.02 – 10.68) 14.63 (12.29 – 17.33) 24.37 (21.14 – 27.91) 5.27 (4.03 – 6.88)
Illinois 9.99 (9.26 – 10.77) 14.46 (13.18 – 15.84) 29.61 (27.69 – 31.61) 5.90 (5.08 – 6.84)
Indiana 10.33 (8.94 – 11.90) 13.95 (11.78 – 16.45) 28.44 (25.11 – 32.03) 6.48 (5.00 – 8.35)
Iowa 9.32 (8.05 – 10.76) 13.39 (11.21 – 15.93) 25.88 (22.49 – 29.58) 5.63 (4.31 – 7.31)
Kansas 9.08 (7.83 – 10.51) 13.24 (11.08 – 15.73) 25.44 (22.21 – 28.97) 5.29 (4.01 – 6.96)
Kentucky 10.30 (8.93 – 11.84) 16.32 (14.07 – 18.86) 26.21 (23.10 – 29.57) 6.78 (5.34 – 8.57)
Louisiana 9.82 (8.56 – 11.23) 13.02 (10.99 – 15.35) 27.52 (24.32 – 30.97) 5.78 (4.44 – 7.49)
Maine 12.34 (10.82 – 14.04) 18.76 (16.19 – 21.62) 37.34 (33.70 – 41.14) 7.80 (6.17 – 9.81)
Maryland 10.54 (9.11 – 12.17) 14.75 (12.46 – 17.37) 30.31 (26.73 – 34.14) 6.84 (5.33 – 8.74)
Massachusetts 15.45 (13.52 – 17.59) 20.15 (17.38 – 23.24) 38.19 (34.19 – 42.36) 11.24 (9.12 – 13.78)
Michigan 12.61 (11.70 – 13.59) 17.03 (15.63 – 18.53) 32.38 (30.52 – 34.30) 8.55 (7.48 – 9.76)
Minnesota 11.40 (9.90 – 13.09) 17.30 (14.85 – 20.07) 30.34 (26.75 – 34.18) 7.13 (5.57 – 9.08)
Mississippi 7.98 (6.82 – 9.32) 11.01 (9.00 – 13.39) 22.06 (18.94 – 25.53) 4.68 (3.50 – 6.23)
Missouri 11.91 (10.47 – 13.53) 16.15 (13.85 – 18.75) 31.48 (28.06 – 35.11) 7.87 (6.30 – 9.80)
Montana 13.83 (12.18 – 15.67) 21.07 (18.29 – 24.16) 35.15 (31.67 – 38.80) 9.00 (7.16 – 11.26)
Nebraska 10.39 (8.98 – 12.00) 16.42 (13.95 – 19.24) 27.17 (23.75 – 30.88) 6.29 (4.79 – 8.21)
Nevada 12.01 (10.35 – 13.89) 19.67 (16.87 – 22.81) 29.02 (25.49 – 32.81) 8.31 (6.50 – 10.55)
New Hampshire 16.30 (14.15 – 18.70) 20.52 (17.57 – 23.84) 44.61 (40.72 – 48.56) 11.31 (8.88 – 14.30)
New Jersey 8.64 (7.46 – 10.00) 14.03 (11.72 – 16.71) 29.40 (25.76 – 33.31) 5.00 (3.81 – 6.53)
New Mexico 12.30 (10.64 – 14.18) 19.03 (16.05 – 22.42) 33.80 (29.71 – 38.15) 7.24 (5.52 – 9.45)
New York 12.22 (11.31 – 13.19) 15.98 (14.59 – 17.48) 33.60 (31.55 – 35.70) 8.20 (7.16 – 9.38)
North Carolina 9.83 (8.45 – 11.41) 16.97 (14.44 – 19.84) 26.70 (23.36 – 30.32) 6.05 (4.61 – 7.91)
North Dakota 9.81 (8.57 – 11.20) 16.18 (13.72 – 18.99) 28.80 (25.34 – 32.53) 4.95 (3.72 – 6.55)
Ohio 10.91 (10.11 – 11.76) 15.33 (14.01 – 16.74) 30.34 (28.47 – 32.27) 6.96 (6.04 – 8.01)
Oklahoma 9.50 (8.12 – 11.09) 15.34 (12.85 – 18.22) 25.47 (22.08 – 29.17) 5.60 (4.22 – 7.40)
Oregon 13.78 (12.03 – 15.74) 17.38 (14.81 – 20.29) 36.44 (32.69 – 40.37) 9.47 (7.54 – 11.83)
Pennsylvania 9.88 (9.09 – 10.74) 15.24 (13.93 – 16.64) 29.95 (28.03 – 31.95) 5.95 (5.06 – 6.99)
Rhode Island 15.22 (13.29 – 17.37) 18.29 (15.50 – 21.46) 45.71 (41.55 – 49.94) 9.29 (7.17 – 11.95)
South Carolina 9.67 (8.34 – 11.17) 13.44 (11.26 – 15.97) 27.75 (24.47 – 31.30) 5.96 (4.56 – 7.76)
South Dakota 9.83 (8.54 – 11.28) 17.65 (15.09 – 20.54) 28.35 (24.86 – 32.13) 5.02 (3.73 – 6.72)
Tennessee 7.36 (6.19 – 8.73) 12.15 (10.04 – 14.62) 21.07 (17.83 – 24.73) 4.44 (3.29 – 5.96)
Texas 8.56 (7.90 – 9.26) 13.91 (12.60 – 15.34) 22.28 (20.61 – 24.05) 5.01 (4.29 – 5.85)
Utah 8.17 (6.98 – 9.54) 11.08 (9.02 – 13.54) 20.77 (17.71 – 24.20) 3.93 (2.78 – 5.51)
Vermont 15.93 (14.17 – 17.86) 22.69 (19.70 – 25.99) 44.56 (40.52 – 48.67) 10.10 (8.10 – 12.52)
Virginia 9.69 (8.36 – 11.20) 15.47 (13.03 – 18.28) 29.57 (26.14 – 33.24) 5.68 (4.32 – 7.43)
Washington 13.50 (11.88 – 15.30) 17.64 (15.11 – 20.50) 36.16 (32.50 – 39.99) 9.05 (7.28 – 11.19)
West Virginia 9.16 (7.89 – 10.60) 16.92 (14.42 – 19.76) 27.87 (24.43 – 31.59) 5.24 (3.97 – 6.87)
Wisconsin 10.01 (8.72 – 11.48) 15.84 (13.39 – 18.63) 30.00 (26.69 – 33.55) 5.61 (4.29 – 7.32)
Wyoming 10.45 (8.93 – 12.19) 14.46 (12.08 – 17.21) 28.79 (25.17 – 32.71) 6.38 (4.82 – 8.41)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 6.18   8.03   17.17   4.01  
Alabama 4.32 (3.45 – 5.39) 6.37 (4.93 – 8.19) 12.47 (10.24 – 15.10) 2.60 (1.73 – 3.88)
Alaska 9.78 (8.10 – 11.77) 11.08 (9.02 – 13.54) 23.99 (20.87 – 27.41) 7.14 (5.17 – 9.76)
Arizona 5.68 (4.61 – 6.98) 7.74 (6.06 – 9.83) 15.18 (12.58 – 18.20) 3.67 (2.57 – 5.21)
Arkansas 5.63 (4.63 – 6.84) 7.97 (6.37 – 9.92) 16.48 (13.77 – 19.60) 3.39 (2.38 – 4.80)
California 6.50 (5.82 – 7.26) 7.66 (6.70 – 8.75) 16.09 (14.60 – 17.71) 4.57 (3.79 – 5.51)
Colorado 8.49 (7.11 – 10.11) 9.82 (7.90 – 12.15) 21.67 (18.59 – 25.10) 6.01 (4.52 – 7.95)
Connecticut 6.94 (5.80 – 8.29) 9.22 (7.39 – 11.45) 23.62 (20.45 – 27.11) 4.22 (3.04 – 5.83)
Delaware 6.89 (5.84 – 8.10) 9.41 (7.65 – 11.52) 22.06 (18.89 – 25.59) 3.96 (2.92 – 5.34)
District of Columbia 9.60 (8.05 – 11.42) 7.43 (5.82 – 9.45) 24.14 (20.57 – 28.11) 6.93 (5.27 – 9.07)
Florida 6.58 (5.87 – 7.36) 8.52 (7.48 – 9.69) 17.68 (16.19 – 19.27) 4.75 (3.95 – 5.70)
Georgia 4.93 (4.01 – 6.04) 6.87 (5.40 – 8.69) 13.01 (10.56 – 15.93) 3.18 (2.25 – 4.46)
Hawaii 6.95 (5.62 – 8.57) 10.23 (8.12 – 12.81) 17.00 (13.99 – 20.50) 4.90 (3.45 – 6.91)
Idaho 5.09 (4.17 – 6.19) 7.92 (6.28 – 9.93) 12.47 (10.27 – 15.07) 3.10 (2.18 – 4.39)
Illinois 5.60 (5.04 – 6.22) 7.61 (6.69 – 8.64) 17.43 (15.96 – 19.01) 3.23 (2.62 – 3.99)
Indiana 6.12 (5.05 – 7.41) 7.37 (5.81 – 9.31) 17.19 (14.45 – 20.34) 3.91 (2.81 – 5.42)
Iowa 4.90 (3.99 – 6.01) 7.10 (5.60 – 8.96) 13.14 (10.74 – 15.99) 3.04 (2.12 – 4.35)
Kansas 4.91 (3.97 – 6.05) 7.39 (5.78 – 9.41) 13.92 (11.52 – 16.73) 2.79 (1.90 – 4.09)
Kentucky 5.62 (4.58 – 6.87) 8.16 (6.46 – 10.25) 14.15 (11.79 – 16.91) 3.82 (2.72 – 5.33)
Louisiana 5.77 (4.78 – 6.94) 6.92 (5.41 – 8.82) 17.04 (14.43 – 20.01) 3.33 (2.33 – 4.72)
Maine 7.95 (6.61 – 9.52) 10.56 (8.53 – 13.00) 23.22 (20.10 – 26.66) 5.33 (3.90 – 7.25)
Maryland 5.73 (4.74 – 6.90) 7.87 (6.27 – 9.83) 19.43 (16.44 – 22.82) 3.27 (2.31 – 4.60)
Massachusetts 7.80 (6.57 – 9.24) 10.53 (8.58 – 12.85) 24.54 (21.16 – 28.27) 4.79 (3.54 – 6.46)
Michigan 7.20 (6.51 – 7.96) 9.23 (8.25 – 10.32) 18.49 (17.04 – 20.03) 4.95 (4.15 – 5.90)
Minnesota 6.37 (5.30 – 7.65) 8.92 (7.19 – 11.02) 17.49 (14.78 – 20.58) 4.00 (2.88 – 5.53)
Mississippi 4.64 (3.74 – 5.75) 6.04 (4.64 – 7.84) 12.99 (10.56 – 15.87) 2.74 (1.85 – 4.06)
Missouri 6.76 (5.60 – 8.16) 7.43 (5.91 – 9.30) 18.55 (15.90 – 21.53) 4.59 (3.34 – 6.28)
Montana 9.17 (7.66 – 10.94) 12.07 (9.96 – 14.56) 20.66 (17.76 – 23.90) 6.71 (4.99 – 8.95)
Nebraska 5.97 (4.89 – 7.27) 9.13 (7.33 – 11.31) 15.61 (13.04 – 18.57) 3.66 (2.56 – 5.19)
Nevada 7.62 (6.25 – 9.25) 9.58 (7.65 – 11.92) 18.29 (15.48 – 21.47) 5.68 (4.19 – 7.67)
New Hampshire 10.23 (8.52 – 12.25) 11.79 (9.55 – 14.46) 27.31 (24.05 – 30.83) 7.36 (5.42 – 9.93)
New Jersey 5.05 (4.13 – 6.16) 7.33 (5.74 – 9.32) 17.89 (15.01 – 21.18) 2.93 (2.04 – 4.19)
New Mexico 7.37 (6.06 – 8.94) 10.35 (8.17 – 13.02) 18.98 (15.93 – 22.45) 4.74 (3.36 – 6.65)
New York 7.34 (6.65 – 8.09) 8.76 (7.73 – 9.91) 21.44 (19.80 – 23.18) 4.82 (4.03 – 5.75)
North Carolina 5.89 (4.89 – 7.09) 8.44 (6.75 – 10.51) 17.22 (14.53 – 20.28) 3.66 (2.62 – 5.09)
North Dakota 5.35 (4.35 – 6.56) 7.58 (5.94 – 9.63) 15.35 (12.64 – 18.50) 2.94 (1.95 – 4.42)
Ohio 6.49 (5.87 – 7.18) 8.74 (7.75 – 9.85) 18.22 (16.74 – 19.80) 4.17 (3.47 – 5.00)
Oklahoma 5.58 (4.50 – 6.90) 8.13 (6.40 – 10.27) 15.51 (12.84 – 18.61) 3.31 (2.25 – 4.84)
Oregon 8.88 (7.37 – 10.66) 9.31 (7.49 – 11.52) 22.17 (19.22 – 25.43) 6.57 (4.91 – 8.76)
Pennsylvania 5.64 (5.07 – 6.28) 8.18 (7.20 – 9.28) 17.66 (16.14 – 19.29) 3.37 (2.75 – 4.14)
Rhode Island 9.56 (8.00 – 11.39) 10.86 (8.63 – 13.59) 29.93 (26.10 – 34.05) 5.70 (4.06 – 7.94)
South Carolina 5.65 (4.66 – 6.84) 7.25 (5.67 – 9.23) 16.46 (13.89 – 19.41) 3.52 (2.52 – 4.91)
South Dakota 5.24 (4.28 – 6.39) 9.57 (7.56 – 12.04) 14.66 (12.19 – 17.54) 2.74 (1.78 – 4.18)
Tennessee 4.59 (3.68 – 5.71) 6.37 (4.97 – 8.13) 13.40 (10.69 – 16.66) 2.88 (2.00 – 4.12)
Texas 4.79 (4.29 – 5.34) 6.38 (5.51 – 7.37) 12.86 (11.54 – 14.30) 2.95 (2.40 – 3.62)
Utah 4.00 (3.18 – 5.03) 5.30 (3.97 – 7.03) 9.53 (7.52 – 11.99) 2.15 (1.36 – 3.36)
Vermont 9.77 (8.22 – 11.57) 13.32 (11.04 – 15.98) 26.95 (23.50 – 30.71) 6.34 (4.63 – 8.63)
Virginia 5.96 (4.90 – 7.23) 8.43 (6.72 – 10.51) 17.70 (14.96 – 20.82) 3.73 (2.66 – 5.19)
Washington 7.41 (6.24 – 8.79) 9.11 (7.32 – 11.27) 21.22 (18.26 – 24.51) 4.82 (3.59 – 6.43)
West Virginia 5.12 (4.16 – 6.28) 8.62 (6.86 – 10.80) 14.67 (12.15 – 17.62) 3.17 (2.23 – 4.49)
Wisconsin 5.40 (4.46 – 6.53) 7.71 (6.07 – 9.74) 15.98 (13.42 – 18.92) 3.18 (2.25 – 4.47)
Wyoming 5.45 (4.45 – 6.66) 7.14 (5.60 – 9.04) 15.59 (13.02 – 18.56) 3.27 (2.25 – 4.73)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 39.05   33.66   24.19   42.38  
Alabama 48.47 (45.15 – 51.81) 39.58 (35.98 – 43.29) 30.97 (27.51 – 34.67) 52.76 (48.60 – 56.89)
Alaska 27.54 (24.58 – 30.71) 25.38 (21.95 – 29.14) 17.53 (14.81 – 20.63) 29.65 (25.83 – 33.77)
Arizona 40.53 (37.21 – 43.95) 34.76 (30.91 – 38.82) 26.48 (23.25 – 29.99) 43.90 (39.76 – 48.13)
Arkansas 46.86 (43.56 – 50.20) 39.51 (35.75 – 43.40) 27.94 (24.62 – 31.51) 51.23 (47.08 – 55.36)
California 36.63 (34.92 – 38.37) 32.86 (30.95 – 34.83) 25.51 (23.68 – 27.43) 39.22 (37.04 – 41.45)
Colorado 28.74 (25.94 – 31.71) 28.97 (25.62 – 32.57) 17.51 (14.84 – 20.55) 30.67 (27.19 – 34.38)
Connecticut 34.36 (31.08 – 37.81) 27.71 (24.37 – 31.32) 17.99 (15.44 – 20.86) 37.62 (33.59 – 41.84)
Delaware 37.95 (34.90 – 41.10) 30.07 (26.77 – 33.59) 22.13 (19.20 – 25.37) 41.69 (37.93 – 45.55)
District of Columbia 33.64 (30.43 – 37.00) 28.14 (24.18 – 32.47) 19.51 (16.36 – 23.10) 36.90 (32.96 – 41.02)
Florida 42.60 (40.86 – 44.35) 34.48 (32.61 – 36.39) 26.92 (25.12 – 28.80) 45.82 (43.67 – 48.00)
Georgia 44.17 (41.04 – 47.36) 35.25 (31.88 – 38.78) 30.63 (27.07 – 34.45) 47.92 (44.03 – 51.83)
Hawaii 34.25 (31.01 – 37.65) 29.60 (26.16 – 33.27) 24.59 (21.04 – 28.52) 36.43 (32.44 – 40.61)
Idaho 38.60 (35.66 – 41.62) 36.63 (33.06 – 40.36) 26.41 (23.19 – 29.91) 41.44 (37.70 – 45.27)
Illinois 38.54 (36.87 – 40.25) 33.22 (31.36 – 35.14) 22.90 (21.21 – 24.68) 42.05 (39.93 – 44.20)
Indiana 41.91 (38.89 – 44.99) 36.55 (33.11 – 40.14) 24.32 (21.30 – 27.63) 45.90 (42.08 – 49.77)
Iowa 44.24 (41.07 – 47.46) 40.63 (36.93 – 44.43) 26.80 (23.45 – 30.43) 48.03 (44.03 – 52.06)
Kansas 42.85 (39.57 – 46.20) 38.79 (35.01 – 42.71) 24.23 (21.16 – 27.58) 47.07 (42.91 – 51.26)
Kentucky 41.86 (38.66 – 45.12) 38.83 (35.32 – 42.47) 26.11 (22.88 – 29.62) 44.97 (41.01 – 49.00)
Louisiana 45.73 (42.66 – 48.84) 37.94 (34.27 – 41.75) 25.31 (22.30 – 28.58) 51.01 (47.08 – 54.93)
Maine 31.33 (28.21 – 34.63) 26.71 (23.64 – 30.02) 14.91 (12.56 – 17.62) 34.37 (30.56 – 38.40)
Maryland 35.62 (32.49 – 38.88) 30.86 (27.46 – 34.48) 22.51 (19.36 – 26.01) 38.35 (34.50 – 42.36)
Massachusetts 26.82 (23.99 – 29.85) 26.76 (23.57 – 30.21) 15.07 (12.48 – 18.10) 28.70 (25.24 – 32.44)
Michigan 35.94 (34.32 – 37.60) 32.43 (30.63 – 34.29) 20.12 (18.63 – 21.69) 39.19 (37.14 – 41.29)
Minnesota 31.11 (28.17 – 34.22) 29.53 (26.37 – 32.91) 18.15 (15.32 – 21.36) 33.69 (30.01 – 37.58)
Mississippi 49.33 (46.13 – 52.54) 38.60 (34.93 – 42.40) 31.44 (27.85 – 35.27) 54.57 (50.48 – 58.60)
Missouri 36.69 (33.57 – 39.93) 33.96 (30.66 – 37.41) 22.99 (19.93 – 26.36) 39.49 (35.57 – 43.54)
Montana 33.27 (30.24 – 36.44) 28.46 (25.25 – 31.89) 18.13 (15.54 – 21.04) 36.66 (32.82 – 40.67)
Nebraska 41.65 (38.31 – 45.06) 33.50 (30.01 – 37.19) 27.59 (24.27 – 31.19) 45.53 (41.29 – 49.83)
Nevada 34.02 (30.95 – 37.23) 33.52 (29.89 – 37.34) 22.76 (19.72 – 26.11) 35.86 (32.14 – 39.75)
New Hampshire 28.34 (25.22 – 31.68) 22.61 (19.52 – 26.04) 12.94 (10.69 – 15.59) 31.53 (27.62 – 35.71)
New Jersey 41.79 (38.50 – 45.16) 35.58 (32.14 – 39.17) 23.13 (19.98 – 26.62) 45.25 (41.23 – 49.33)
New Mexico 39.36 (35.87 – 42.96) 30.44 (26.66 – 34.51) 23.00 (19.63 – 26.75) 43.80 (39.39 – 48.31)
New York 36.10 (34.25 – 37.99) 30.29 (28.36 – 32.29) 22.59 (20.74 – 24.55) 39.08 (36.75 – 41.45)
North Carolina 44.10 (40.86 – 47.38) 36.16 (32.58 – 39.89) 25.34 (22.16 – 28.80) 48.29 (44.27 – 52.33)
North Dakota 38.86 (35.76 – 42.06) 34.58 (31.13 – 38.19) 24.34 (21.15 – 27.84) 42.50 (38.53 – 46.57)
Ohio 39.30 (37.61 – 41.02) 35.11 (33.22 – 37.04) 23.10 (21.44 – 24.85) 42.66 (40.51 – 44.84)
Oklahoma 42.65 (39.29 – 46.08) 35.17 (31.53 – 38.98) 27.13 (23.71 – 30.84) 46.70 (42.46 – 50.99)
Oregon 30.98 (27.82 – 34.32) 28.97 (25.58 – 32.61) 16.99 (14.32 – 20.04) 33.61 (29.70 – 37.76)
Pennsylvania 40.78 (39.04 – 42.56) 32.97 (31.14 – 34.85) 21.48 (19.82 – 23.24) 44.91 (42.71 – 47.12)
Rhode Island 31.91 (28.61 – 35.40) 25.90 (22.54 – 29.56) 16.38 (13.80 – 19.34) 35.48 (31.38 – 39.80)
South Carolina 43.44 (40.18 – 46.75) 36.41 (32.97 – 39.98) 24.77 (21.66 – 28.15) 47.68 (43.65 – 51.74)
South Dakota 37.53 (34.58 – 40.57) 35.30 (31.79 – 38.97) 21.83 (18.84 – 25.15) 40.94 (37.18 – 44.80)
Tennessee 42.06 (39.05 – 45.14) 35.74 (32.19 – 39.45) 26.26 (22.74 – 30.12) 45.53 (41.87 – 49.24)
Texas 45.42 (43.89 – 46.97) 36.30 (34.36 – 38.29) 30.65 (28.78 – 32.58) 49.77 (47.77 – 51.77)
Utah 42.42 (39.55 – 45.35) 42.42 (38.43 – 46.52) 29.72 (26.29 – 33.39) 46.15 (42.28 – 50.07)
Vermont 27.52 (24.63 – 30.63) 23.08 (20.02 – 26.45) 12.08 (9.90 – 14.67) 30.78 (27.14 – 34.67)
Virginia 40.45 (37.17 – 43.81) 36.17 (32.54 – 39.97) 23.35 (20.42 – 26.56) 43.80 (39.75 – 47.93)
Washington 26.80 (24.15 – 29.62) 26.99 (23.80 – 30.44) 16.30 (13.76 – 19.21) 28.57 (25.32 – 32.06)
West Virginia 46.64 (43.29 – 50.02) 33.04 (29.61 – 36.66) 25.76 (22.77 – 29.00) 51.58 (47.42 – 55.72)
Wisconsin 34.52 (31.47 – 37.71) 31.12 (27.75 – 34.70) 19.86 (17.10 – 22.93) 37.63 (33.83 – 41.59)
Wyoming 38.88 (35.70 – 42.14) 34.88 (31.36 – 38.57) 21.04 (18.23 – 24.15) 42.85 (38.83 – 46.96)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.5 First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Average Annual Rates Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 1.81   6.57   6.82   0.13  
Alabama 1.55 (1.33 – 1.82) 5.97 (4.91 – 7.24) 6.23 (4.91 – 7.87) 0.09 (0.05 – 0.16)
Alaska 2.68 (2.26 – 3.18) 7.77 (6.41 – 9.40) 8.43 (6.49 – 10.87) 0.16 (0.09 – 0.30)
Arizona 1.73 (1.48 – 2.03) 6.42 (5.25 – 7.82) 6.01 (4.62 – 7.78) 0.14 (0.08 – 0.23)
Arkansas 1.72 (1.47 – 2.00) 6.67 (5.55 – 7.99) 7.11 (5.52 – 9.11) 0.10 (0.06 – 0.17)
California 1.79 (1.62 – 1.98) 5.88 (5.22 – 6.61) 6.27 (5.41 – 7.24) 0.14 (0.08 – 0.25)
Colorado 2.31 (1.97 – 2.71) 7.59 (6.28 – 9.16) 8.10 (6.27 – 10.40) 0.20 (0.11 – 0.34)
Connecticut 2.03 (1.74 – 2.36) 8.31 (6.93 – 9.93) 8.22 (6.47 – 10.40) 0.13 (0.08 – 0.23)
Delaware 1.89 (1.62 – 2.20) 7.94 (6.63 – 9.49) 7.21 (5.53 – 9.35) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.20)
District of Columbia 1.96 (1.65 – 2.33) 6.89 (5.69 – 8.32) 8.17 (6.34 – 10.46) 0.17 (0.09 – 0.32)
Florida 1.58 (1.45 – 1.72) 6.75 (6.09 – 7.48) 6.44 (5.60 – 7.40) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.19)
Georgia 1.61 (1.37 – 1.89) 5.93 (4.86 – 7.23) 4.76 (3.62 – 6.23) 0.13 (0.07 – 0.22)
Hawaii 1.98 (1.64 – 2.39) 7.02 (5.62 – 8.73) 8.90 (6.70 – 11.74) 0.07 (0.03 – 0.18)
Idaho 1.93 (1.65 – 2.24) 6.36 (5.24 – 7.71) 5.43 (4.15 – 7.06) 0.13 (0.08 – 0.23)
Illinois 1.76 (1.60 – 1.92) 6.24 (5.63 – 6.90) 6.87 (5.97 – 7.89) 0.13 (0.08 – 0.20)
Indiana 1.71 (1.45 – 2.01) 5.48 (4.44 – 6.73) 7.54 (5.93 – 9.53) 0.13 (0.08 – 0.21)
Iowa 1.62 (1.38 – 1.90) 5.37 (4.37 – 6.58) 7.15 (5.61 – 9.06) 0.11 (0.06 – 0.19)
Kansas 1.70 (1.45 – 2.00) 5.13 (4.11 – 6.38) 7.68 (6.07 – 9.68) 0.11 (0.06 – 0.19)
Kentucky 1.67 (1.42 – 1.95) 6.95 (5.80 – 8.30) 6.29 (4.81 – 8.20) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.20)
Louisiana 1.76 (1.50 – 2.06) 5.64 (4.57 – 6.94) 7.91 (6.23 – 10.00) 0.09 (0.05 – 0.17)
Maine 2.20 (1.89 – 2.57) 8.31 (6.99 – 9.84) 10.35 (8.18 – 13.02) 0.13 (0.07 – 0.22)
Maryland 1.86 (1.59 – 2.17) 6.67 (5.56 – 7.99) 7.16 (5.60 – 9.10) 0.13 (0.07 – 0.23)
Massachusetts 2.06 (1.77 – 2.39) 7.74 (6.48 – 9.23) 8.17 (6.37 – 10.42) 0.16 (0.09 – 0.27)
Michigan 2.06 (1.89 – 2.24) 6.78 (6.13 – 7.50) 7.66 (6.74 – 8.68) 0.14 (0.09 – 0.21)
Minnesota 2.06 (1.77 – 2.39) 6.86 (5.73 – 8.20) 7.15 (5.55 – 9.15) 0.15 (0.09 – 0.25)
Mississippi 1.43 (1.20 – 1.70) 4.55 (3.62 – 5.70) 5.33 (4.10 – 6.90) 0.09 (0.05 – 0.17)
Missouri 2.02 (1.74 – 2.36) 7.10 (5.95 – 8.45) 7.26 (5.63 – 9.32) 0.14 (0.08 – 0.23)
Montana 2.55 (2.19 – 2.96) 9.08 (7.71 – 10.67) 10.20 (8.00 – 12.91) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.22)
Nebraska 1.76 (1.50 – 2.07) 6.63 (5.47 – 8.02) 5.99 (4.63 – 7.72) 0.11 (0.06 – 0.20)
Nevada 2.02 (1.72 – 2.36) 8.42 (7.00 – 10.11) 6.08 (4.66 – 7.89) 0.15 (0.09 – 0.26)
New Hampshire 2.58 (2.20 – 3.02) 8.82 (7.37 – 10.51) 11.14 (8.75 – 14.08) 0.16 (0.08 – 0.30)
New Jersey 1.57 (1.34 – 1.83) 6.62 (5.49 – 7.97) 5.97 (4.60 – 7.72) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.20)
New Mexico 2.35 (1.97 – 2.80) 8.26 (6.70 – 10.13) 10.49 (7.90 – 13.81) 0.14 (0.07 – 0.29)
New York 1.88 (1.72 – 2.06) 6.85 (6.17 – 7.59) 8.02 (6.97 – 9.21) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.19)
North Carolina 1.81 (1.56 – 2.10) 7.81 (6.53 – 9.32) 6.81 (5.34 – 8.65) 0.11 (0.06 – 0.18)
North Dakota 1.97 (1.68 – 2.29) 6.96 (5.76 – 8.38) 8.45 (6.68 – 10.63) 0.09 (0.05 – 0.17)
Ohio 1.86 (1.71 – 2.03) 6.62 (5.97 – 7.33) 7.30 (6.40 – 8.33) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.18)
Oklahoma 1.79 (1.53 – 2.10) 6.33 (5.23 – 7.65) 6.67 (5.17 – 8.57) 0.10 (0.06 – 0.18)
Oregon 1.95 (1.67 – 2.27) 6.94 (5.79 – 8.31) 7.53 (5.93 – 9.53) 0.14 (0.09 – 0.24)
Pennsylvania 1.72 (1.58 – 1.87) 6.65 (6.01 – 7.36) 7.51 (6.58 – 8.55) 0.10 (0.06 – 0.16)
Rhode Island 2.14 (1.81 – 2.53) 7.89 (6.54 – 9.49) 10.02 (7.65 – 13.02) 0.15 (0.08 – 0.26)
South Carolina 1.85 (1.59 – 2.15) 6.56 (5.40 – 7.96) 8.05 (6.36 – 10.13) 0.10 (0.06 – 0.18)
South Dakota 2.23 (1.94 – 2.57) 8.39 (7.02 – 9.98) 8.58 (6.81 – 10.76) 0.10 (0.05 – 0.18)
Tennessee 1.38 (1.16 – 1.65) 5.09 (4.14 – 6.25) 5.50 (4.17 – 7.23) 0.10 (0.06 – 0.18)
Texas 1.78 (1.62 – 1.95) 6.52 (5.86 – 7.25) 5.55 (4.78 – 6.44) 0.14 (0.08 – 0.24)
Utah 1.77 (1.47 – 2.13) 4.50 (3.52 – 5.72) 5.26 (4.00 – 6.89) 0.13 (0.06 – 0.27)
Vermont 2.70 (2.32 – 3.14) 10.35 (8.76 – 12.19) 10.44 (8.04 – 13.46) 0.15 (0.08 – 0.27)
Virginia 1.93 (1.67 – 2.24) 7.34 (6.09 – 8.82) 7.50 (5.95 – 9.40) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.20)
Washington 2.07 (1.76 – 2.42) 7.14 (5.88 – 8.66) 7.11 (5.46 – 9.21) 0.16 (0.09 – 0.27)
West Virginia 1.53 (1.32 – 1.77) 7.29 (6.12 – 8.66) 6.27 (4.87 – 8.04) 0.09 (0.05 – 0.17)
Wisconsin 2.06 (1.76 – 2.41) 7.17 (5.95 – 8.60) 8.25 (6.56 – 10.34) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.21)
Wyoming 1.92 (1.63 – 2.25) 6.44 (5.31 – 7.78) 7.06 (5.48 – 9.07) 0.12 (0.07 – 0.20)
NOTE: Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above use a simultaneous solution for First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age-group specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.6 Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 3.73   5.70   8.17   2.68  
Alabama 3.72 (3.03 – 4.56) 5.36 (4.18 – 6.85) 8.06 (6.46 – 10.01) 2.73 (1.97 – 3.77)
Alaska 4.00 (3.29 – 4.85) 5.39 (4.22 – 6.86) 8.51 (6.71 – 10.73) 2.97 (2.20 – 4.01)
Arizona 4.66 (3.76 – 5.75) 7.22 (5.56 – 9.32) 8.98 (7.04 – 11.40) 3.51 (2.52 – 4.86)
Arkansas 3.92 (3.22 – 4.77) 6.54 (5.18 – 8.23) 9.24 (7.33 – 11.58) 2.62 (1.89 – 3.63)
California 3.94 (3.45 – 4.51) 5.79 (4.96 – 6.76) 7.02 (6.04 – 8.13) 3.11 (2.52 – 3.82)
Colorado 4.67 (3.83 – 5.68) 6.47 (5.01 – 8.31) 9.80 (7.80 – 12.24) 3.53 (2.61 – 4.76)
Connecticut 3.25 (2.61 – 4.06) 5.35 (4.11 – 6.94) 7.57 (5.92 – 9.63) 2.35 (1.67 – 3.30)
Delaware 3.91 (3.23 – 4.74) 6.02 (4.71 – 7.67) 10.12 (8.07 – 12.62) 2.58 (1.86 – 3.56)
District of Columbia 4.06 (3.19 – 5.17) 4.22 (3.15 – 5.62) 6.65 (5.03 – 8.75) 3.54 (2.55 – 4.90)
Florida 3.70 (3.23 – 4.24) 5.17 (4.42 – 6.05) 8.41 (7.35 – 9.62) 2.85 (2.31 – 3.51)
Georgia 3.97 (3.22 – 4.89) 5.54 (4.26 – 7.18) 8.05 (6.32 – 10.21) 3.01 (2.20 – 4.10)
Hawaii 3.46 (2.69 – 4.43) 6.53 (4.97 – 8.53) 6.93 (5.21 – 9.16) 2.49 (1.67 – 3.69)
Idaho 3.73 (3.04 – 4.57) 5.66 (4.38 – 7.27) 7.42 (5.78 – 9.49) 2.65 (1.92 – 3.66)
Illinois 3.30 (2.88 – 3.77) 5.22 (4.46 – 6.10) 7.50 (6.52 – 8.63) 2.29 (1.83 – 2.86)
Indiana 3.56 (2.94 – 4.30) 5.69 (4.40 – 7.32) 8.30 (6.60 – 10.39) 2.39 (1.74 – 3.26)
Iowa 3.17 (2.50 – 4.00) 4.37 (3.21 – 5.90) 7.35 (5.62 – 9.55) 2.21 (1.52 – 3.21)
Kansas 3.11 (2.44 – 3.94) 4.49 (3.30 – 6.09) 6.66 (5.14 – 8.59) 2.21 (1.51 – 3.22)
Kentucky 4.38 (3.57 – 5.36) 6.67 (5.26 – 8.44) 9.83 (7.91 – 12.16) 3.14 (2.28 – 4.32)
Louisiana 4.24 (3.51 – 5.12) 6.14 (4.82 – 7.79) 8.78 (7.05 – 10.89) 3.04 (2.23 – 4.12)
Maine 3.82 (3.11 – 4.69) 5.36 (4.12 – 6.94) 10.00 (8.09 – 12.30) 2.70 (1.93 – 3.77)
Maryland 3.44 (2.77 – 4.27) 4.87 (3.71 – 6.38) 7.66 (5.92 – 9.86) 2.58 (1.85 – 3.56)
Massachusetts 3.63 (2.97 – 4.43) 6.40 (4.98 – 8.20) 10.20 (8.14 – 12.71) 2.25 (1.57 – 3.20)
Michigan 3.62 (3.19 – 4.11) 6.44 (5.59 – 7.40) 7.76 (6.79 – 8.86) 2.50 (2.00 – 3.11)
Minnesota 3.21 (2.59 – 3.97) 5.27 (4.06 – 6.82) 7.23 (5.57 – 9.33) 2.19 (1.54 – 3.08)
Mississippi 3.60 (2.91 – 4.45) 6.26 (4.89 – 7.99) 7.39 (5.63 – 9.65) 2.43 (1.71 – 3.45)
Missouri 4.16 (3.38 – 5.11) 5.40 (4.19 – 6.93) 8.91 (7.10 – 11.11) 3.15 (2.29 – 4.32)
Montana 3.78 (3.08 – 4.62) 7.03 (5.58 – 8.82) 7.23 (5.63 – 9.24) 2.70 (1.95 – 3.73)
Nebraska 3.44 (2.82 – 4.20) 5.94 (4.62 – 7.62) 8.20 (6.45 – 10.36) 2.17 (1.54 – 3.04)
Nevada 4.47 (3.55 – 5.61) 5.12 (3.86 – 6.75) 9.35 (7.40 – 11.75) 3.62 (2.59 – 5.03)
New Hampshire 4.05 (3.36 – 4.88) 6.20 (4.84 – 7.93) 11.72 (9.62 – 14.20) 2.57 (1.87 – 3.52)
New Jersey 3.40 (2.74 – 4.21) 5.15 (3.98 – 6.64) 9.12 (7.18 – 11.51) 2.36 (1.67 – 3.31)
New Mexico 4.57 (3.64 – 5.72) 6.26 (4.74 – 8.23) 9.94 (7.68 – 12.77) 3.30 (2.30 – 4.73)
New York 3.10 (2.68 – 3.58) 4.87 (4.11 – 5.76) 7.53 (6.52 – 8.69) 2.14 (1.66 – 2.74)
North Carolina 3.96 (3.25 – 4.83) 6.90 (5.37 – 8.82) 8.28 (6.46 – 10.56) 2.85 (2.07 – 3.92)
North Dakota 3.30 (2.64 – 4.11) 5.76 (4.42 – 7.48) 6.93 (5.33 – 8.96) 2.19 (1.52 – 3.16)
Ohio 3.44 (3.01 – 3.92) 5.27 (4.52 – 6.13) 7.87 (6.87 – 9.00) 2.42 (1.95 – 3.01)
Oklahoma 4.41 (3.60 – 5.40) 6.33 (4.86 – 8.22) 10.88 (8.70 – 13.53) 2.89 (2.04 – 4.08)
Oregon 4.29 (3.49 – 5.26) 5.55 (4.33 – 7.09) 9.38 (7.58 – 11.55) 3.26 (2.37 – 4.45)
Pennsylvania 3.44 (3.03 – 3.92) 5.51 (4.75 – 6.39) 8.04 (7.05 – 9.15) 2.43 (1.96 – 3.01)
Rhode Island 4.64 (3.80 – 5.64) 5.50 (4.14 – 7.28) 13.37 (10.81 – 16.42) 2.94 (2.09 – 4.13)
South Carolina 3.58 (2.90 – 4.42) 5.30 (4.09 – 6.82) 8.73 (6.97 – 10.89) 2.44 (1.71 – 3.48)
South Dakota 3.29 (2.67 – 4.07) 6.38 (4.95 – 8.18) 7.81 (5.99 – 10.11) 1.95 (1.34 – 2.82)
Tennessee 3.64 (2.92 – 4.54) 5.46 (4.18 – 7.09) 7.40 (5.67 – 9.61) 2.78 (2.00 – 3.86)
Texas 3.89 (3.46 – 4.38) 6.19 (5.33 – 7.17) 8.33 (7.28 – 9.52) 2.66 (2.15 – 3.28)
Utah 3.74 (3.05 – 4.58) 5.35 (4.09 – 6.96) 7.30 (5.67 – 9.33) 2.39 (1.68 – 3.40)
Vermont 3.87 (3.18 – 4.71) 6.78 (5.38 – 8.51) 9.22 (7.35 – 11.51) 2.56 (1.84 – 3.56)
Virginia 3.54 (2.86 – 4.37) 5.83 (4.48 – 7.56) 7.95 (6.23 – 10.09) 2.51 (1.79 – 3.52)
Washington 4.22 (3.47 – 5.13) 6.12 (4.77 – 7.81) 9.77 (7.79 – 12.18) 3.01 (2.22 – 4.08)
West Virginia 3.51 (2.85 – 4.31) 6.07 (4.69 – 7.83) 8.09 (6.40 – 10.17) 2.48 (1.78 – 3.43)
Wisconsin 3.63 (2.93 – 4.49) 5.59 (4.32 – 7.21) 8.23 (6.48 – 10.39) 2.54 (1.80 – 3.56)
Wyoming 3.67 (2.96 – 4.53) 5.12 (3.97 – 6.58) 8.14 (6.34 – 10.38) 2.61 (1.86 – 3.63)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 2.50   1.90   6.67   1.85  
Alabama 2.25 (1.72 – 2.93) 1.66 (1.13 – 2.41) 5.49 (4.23 – 7.09) 1.75 (1.18 – 2.60)
Alaska 2.40 (1.80 – 3.20) 2.44 (1.64 – 3.61) 8.37 (6.51 – 10.70) 1.38 (0.78 – 2.43)
Arizona 3.45 (2.66 – 4.46) 3.24 (2.22 – 4.71) 8.53 (6.72 – 10.78) 2.57 (1.73 – 3.80)
Arkansas 2.17 (1.66 – 2.83) 1.86 (1.27 – 2.73) 6.05 (4.58 – 7.95) 1.52 (1.00 – 2.29)
California 2.54 (2.16 – 2.98) 1.70 (1.31 – 2.21) 6.61 (5.65 – 7.71) 1.92 (1.49 – 2.46)
Colorado 3.90 (3.04 – 4.99) 2.64 (1.83 – 3.81) 10.29 (8.22 – 12.81) 2.96 (2.06 – 4.23)
Connecticut 2.13 (1.60 – 2.82) 1.82 (1.21 – 2.72) 7.02 (5.45 – 9.01) 1.46 (0.93 – 2.28)
Delaware 2.76 (2.15 – 3.54) 1.61 (1.11 – 2.33) 7.38 (5.70 – 9.50) 2.12 (1.48 – 3.02)
District of Columbia 3.58 (2.59 – 4.92) 0.65 (0.39 – 1.07) 4.55 (3.31 – 6.22) 3.65 (2.47 – 5.35)
Florida 2.53 (2.15 – 2.99) 1.94 (1.52 – 2.47) 6.83 (5.86 – 7.95) 1.99 (1.56 – 2.53)
Georgia 2.47 (1.86 – 3.28) 1.68 (1.11 – 2.52) 5.26 (3.90 – 7.06) 2.08 (1.42 – 3.04)
Hawaii 1.76 (1.30 – 2.37) 1.70 (1.08 – 2.67) 5.52 (4.11 – 7.37) 1.17 (0.73 – 1.86)
Idaho 1.64 (1.22 – 2.21) 1.80 (1.17 – 2.76) 5.03 (3.70 – 6.79) 0.92 (0.54 – 1.55)
Illinois 2.44 (2.06 – 2.88) 1.67 (1.31 – 2.14) 6.53 (5.66 – 7.52) 1.82 (1.40 – 2.37)
Indiana 2.57 (1.99 – 3.32) 2.00 (1.34 – 2.97) 7.20 (5.64 – 9.14) 1.80 (1.22 – 2.66)
Iowa 2.23 (1.73 – 2.86) 2.18 (1.50 – 3.15) 6.43 (4.87 – 8.43) 1.44 (0.96 – 2.14)
Kansas 2.21 (1.70 – 2.88) 1.80 (1.20 – 2.69) 6.31 (4.90 – 8.08) 1.48 (0.97 – 2.26)
Kentucky 2.56 (2.00 – 3.29) 2.05 (1.41 – 2.96) 6.59 (5.13 – 8.41) 1.93 (1.34 – 2.77)
Louisiana 2.78 (2.12 – 3.62) 1.65 (1.14 – 2.40) 5.38 (4.11 – 7.01) 2.42 (1.68 – 3.48)
Maine 2.30 (1.79 – 2.96) 2.18 (1.51 – 3.15) 8.05 (6.34 – 10.15) 1.46 (0.95 – 2.23)
Maryland 2.05 (1.50 – 2.78) 1.38 (0.90 – 2.10) 4.80 (3.55 – 6.46) 1.70 (1.10 – 2.61)
Massachusetts 2.85 (2.21 – 3.66) 2.05 (1.44 – 2.93) 7.88 (6.13 – 10.08) 2.14 (1.48 – 3.08)
Michigan 2.59 (2.20 – 3.05) 2.08 (1.65 – 2.61) 6.26 (5.44 – 7.21) 2.03 (1.58 – 2.59)
Minnesota 2.51 (1.95 – 3.23) 2.35 (1.62 – 3.39) 7.47 (5.78 – 9.59) 1.64 (1.09 – 2.44)
Mississippi 2.05 (1.46 – 2.88) 1.18 (0.75 – 1.85) 4.18 (3.05 – 5.70) 1.75 (1.09 – 2.81)
Missouri 2.90 (2.25 – 3.73) 2.03 (1.44 – 2.87) 7.19 (5.68 – 9.05) 2.27 (1.57 – 3.26)
Montana 2.48 (1.96 – 3.13) 2.51 (1.76 – 3.57) 7.30 (5.77 – 9.19) 1.62 (1.11 – 2.35)
Nebraska 2.12 (1.62 – 2.76) 2.16 (1.46 – 3.20) 5.72 (4.31 – 7.56) 1.42 (0.93 – 2.15)
Nevada 2.38 (1.82 – 3.10) 1.97 (1.33 – 2.91) 7.35 (5.70 – 9.42) 1.66 (1.10 – 2.48)
New Hampshire 2.97 (2.32 – 3.80) 2.66 (1.83 – 3.86) 10.17 (8.18 – 12.58) 1.89 (1.26 – 2.85)
New Jersey 2.25 (1.71 – 2.96) 1.78 (1.20 – 2.61) 6.49 (4.94 – 8.48) 1.71 (1.15 – 2.53)
New Mexico 3.07 (2.39 – 3.94) 2.81 (1.84 – 4.25) 10.03 (7.83 – 12.78) 1.81 (1.17 – 2.80)
New York 2.59 (2.18 – 3.07) 1.41 (1.05 – 1.89) 6.93 (5.96 – 8.03) 2.02 (1.55 – 2.61)
North Carolina 2.43 (1.87 – 3.15) 1.92 (1.32 – 2.78) 6.42 (4.97 – 8.26) 1.83 (1.25 – 2.66)
North Dakota 1.94 (1.50 – 2.50) 1.95 (1.33 – 2.87) 5.94 (4.54 – 7.73) 1.10 (0.71 – 1.69)
Ohio 2.53 (2.16 – 2.97) 1.69 (1.32 – 2.17) 6.99 (6.08 – 8.03) 1.88 (1.46 – 2.43)
Oklahoma 2.02 (1.51 – 2.68) 1.86 (1.24 – 2.77) 5.99 (4.50 – 7.94) 1.27 (0.80 – 2.01)
Oregon 2.45 (1.89 – 3.17) 1.91 (1.30 – 2.79) 7.25 (5.63 – 9.28) 1.71 (1.14 – 2.56)
Pennsylvania 2.37 (1.97 – 2.83) 1.49 (1.12 – 1.96) 6.62 (5.69 – 7.69) 1.79 (1.35 – 2.37)
Rhode Island 3.79 (2.95 – 4.85) 2.10 (1.37 – 3.21) 12.05 (9.69 – 14.89) 2.50 (1.63 – 3.80)
South Carolina 2.64 (2.03 – 3.44) 1.71 (1.16 – 2.51) 6.36 (4.90 – 8.21) 2.11 (1.45 – 3.07)
South Dakota 1.89 (1.43 – 2.49) 2.41 (1.65 – 3.49) 5.49 (4.13 – 7.27) 1.10 (0.68 – 1.77)
Tennessee 2.36 (1.80 – 3.08) 1.85 (1.27 – 2.69) 6.08 (4.57 – 8.04) 1.80 (1.22 – 2.63)
Texas 2.44 (2.09 – 2.83) 2.58 (2.04 – 3.26) 6.66 (5.72 – 7.75) 1.58 (1.21 – 2.07)
Utah 1.95 (1.45 – 2.63) 1.52 (0.96 – 2.39) 4.78 (3.53 – 6.44) 1.21 (0.72 – 2.02)
Vermont 2.98 (2.35 – 3.79) 2.81 (1.99 – 3.94) 9.73 (7.70 – 12.22) 1.85 (1.24 – 2.74)
Virginia 2.24 (1.70 – 2.95) 1.72 (1.15 – 2.56) 5.52 (4.24 – 7.15) 1.78 (1.21 – 2.62)
Washington 2.11 (1.61 – 2.75) 1.77 (1.19 – 2.64) 7.15 (5.53 – 9.19) 1.29 (0.83 – 2.01)
West Virginia 2.30 (1.78 – 2.97) 2.61 (1.81 – 3.74) 7.42 (5.80 – 9.45) 1.44 (0.95 – 2.19)
Wisconsin 2.45 (1.89 – 3.18) 1.98 (1.35 – 2.91) 6.62 (5.12 – 8.52) 1.77 (1.21 – 2.59)
Wyoming 2.21 (1.71 – 2.87) 1.80 (1.21 – 2.68) 7.60 (5.84 – 9.83) 1.25 (0.81 – 1.94)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.8 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 50.50   17.67   60.91   53.22  
Alabama 36.83 (33.76 – 40.00) 15.00 (12.74 – 17.58) 50.96 (47.15 – 54.75) 37.27 (33.46 – 41.24)
Alaska 50.89 (47.58 – 54.19) 15.90 (13.53 – 18.59) 59.83 (55.79 – 63.75) 55.92 (51.65 – 60.09)
Arizona 50.20 (46.62 – 53.77) 18.69 (15.91 – 21.82) 58.45 (54.44 – 62.36) 53.29 (48.82 – 57.70)
Arkansas 38.93 (35.86 – 42.08) 16.71 (14.24 – 19.50) 53.79 (49.66 – 57.87) 39.34 (35.54 – 43.27)
California 50.97 (49.22 – 52.72) 15.28 (13.89 – 16.77) 55.53 (53.38 – 57.66) 55.38 (53.14 – 57.59)
Colorado 59.22 (56.15 – 62.23) 20.63 (17.77 – 23.83) 68.89 (65.10 – 72.45) 62.79 (59.02 – 66.42)
Connecticut 57.93 (54.53 – 61.26) 18.88 (16.26 – 21.81) 72.28 (68.78 – 75.52) 61.02 (56.81 – 65.07)
Delaware 53.06 (49.85 – 56.24) 18.35 (15.85 – 21.14) 62.71 (58.89 – 66.38) 55.89 (51.92 – 59.78)
District of Columbia 56.69 (53.19 – 60.14) 13.02 (10.76 – 15.66) 67.17 (63.18 – 70.92) 58.52 (54.23 – 62.70)
Florida 52.44 (50.73 – 54.14) 17.35 (15.88 – 18.92) 59.66 (57.47 – 61.81) 55.68 (53.59 – 57.75)
Georgia 46.07 (42.99 – 49.17) 15.09 (12.82 – 17.67) 52.19 (48.12 – 56.22) 49.41 (45.58 – 53.25)
Hawaii 48.71 (45.29 – 52.15) 17.96 (15.20 – 21.10) 58.57 (54.41 – 62.62) 51.28 (47.05 – 55.50)
Idaho 47.70 (44.58 – 50.84) 17.37 (14.80 – 20.28) 53.62 (49.57 – 57.62) 51.34 (47.31 – 55.36)
Illinois 51.71 (49.98 – 53.44) 18.65 (17.20 – 20.20) 64.16 (62.14 – 66.14) 54.10 (51.91 – 56.27)
Indiana 46.60 (43.39 – 49.85) 16.04 (13.66 – 18.73) 61.78 (57.97 – 65.45) 48.16 (44.14 – 52.20)
Iowa 55.37 (52.11 – 58.57) 20.18 (17.50 – 23.16) 67.28 (63.39 – 70.94) 57.79 (53.68 – 61.80)
Kansas 48.92 (45.61 – 52.24) 19.41 (16.68 – 22.47) 65.89 (62.20 – 69.40) 49.96 (45.76 – 54.17)
Kentucky 40.57 (37.44 – 43.78) 18.75 (16.18 – 21.63) 58.07 (54.22 – 61.83) 40.27 (36.41 – 44.26)
Louisiana 46.27 (43.27 – 49.29) 19.35 (16.69 – 22.33) 61.41 (57.67 – 65.02) 47.30 (43.54 – 51.09)
Maine 52.17 (48.83 – 55.48) 16.55 (14.07 – 19.36) 66.76 (63.01 – 70.31) 54.44 (50.34 – 58.48)
Maryland 54.67 (51.22 – 58.08) 17.14 (14.65 – 19.95) 64.21 (60.26 – 67.98) 58.34 (54.08 – 62.47)
Massachusetts 59.59 (56.32 – 62.78) 21.04 (18.40 – 23.96) 68.94 (65.08 – 72.56) 62.75 (58.74 – 66.60)
Michigan 53.78 (52.08 – 55.48) 19.23 (17.79 – 20.75) 66.30 (64.42 – 68.13) 56.54 (54.38 – 58.67)
Minnesota 58.45 (55.14 – 61.68) 19.54 (16.89 – 22.49) 70.68 (66.91 – 74.18) 61.73 (57.55 – 65.74)
Mississippi 35.54 (32.42 – 38.78) 14.72 (12.39 – 17.42) 50.24 (46.10 – 54.37) 35.72 (31.83 – 39.80)
Missouri 53.21 (49.91 – 56.48) 19.67 (17.09 – 22.52) 64.52 (60.82 – 68.05) 55.85 (51.68 – 59.93)
Montana 55.36 (52.03 – 58.65) 24.73 (21.74 – 27.98) 69.29 (65.56 – 72.80) 57.19 (52.98 – 61.28)
Nebraska 53.98 (50.60 – 57.32) 22.24 (19.36 – 25.42) 68.38 (64.64 – 71.90) 55.77 (51.53 – 59.92)
Nevada 50.68 (47.26 – 54.10) 18.40 (15.73 – 21.39) 56.37 (52.47 – 60.20) 54.12 (49.91 – 58.27)
New Hampshire 59.80 (56.45 – 63.05) 21.44 (18.60 – 24.58) 71.78 (68.28 – 75.03) 63.20 (59.02 – 67.20)
New Jersey 57.73 (54.41 – 60.98) 18.77 (16.17 – 21.69) 65.06 (61.05 – 68.88) 61.72 (57.67 – 65.61)
New Mexico 47.83 (44.32 – 51.37) 20.67 (17.53 – 24.21) 60.78 (56.66 – 64.75) 49.67 (45.25 – 54.09)
New York 54.71 (52.84 – 56.56) 19.49 (17.96 – 21.13) 64.34 (62.15 – 66.47) 57.59 (55.29 – 59.86)
North Carolina 40.59 (37.28 – 43.98) 16.12 (13.68 – 18.91) 56.43 (52.49 – 60.30) 41.18 (37.07 – 45.40)
North Dakota 58.04 (54.77 – 61.24) 25.23 (22.07 – 28.67) 73.06 (69.32 – 76.49) 59.42 (55.32 – 63.39)
Ohio 51.81 (49.99 – 53.62) 17.52 (16.11 – 19.03) 65.40 (63.40 – 67.35) 54.20 (51.90 – 56.49)
Oklahoma 42.94 (39.48 – 46.46) 16.04 (13.58 – 18.85) 58.23 (54.18 – 62.17) 43.81 (39.46 – 48.26)
Oregon 53.14 (49.80 – 56.45) 17.07 (14.50 – 19.99) 65.32 (61.47 – 68.97) 55.79 (51.65 – 59.85)
Pennsylvania 51.10 (49.29 – 52.92) 18.06 (16.64 – 19.57) 64.85 (62.76 – 66.88) 53.14 (50.87 – 55.39)
Rhode Island 58.96 (55.43 – 62.40) 22.12 (19.16 – 25.40) 76.07 (72.51 – 79.31) 60.38 (55.95 – 64.64)
South Carolina 45.07 (41.80 – 48.38) 14.36 (12.08 – 16.99) 61.10 (57.16 – 64.89) 46.35 (42.29 – 50.47)
South Dakota 55.18 (52.06 – 58.25) 22.07 (19.12 – 25.34) 71.49 (67.86 – 74.87) 56.98 (53.03 – 60.84)
Tennessee 36.27 (33.23 – 39.42) 13.27 (11.08 – 15.80) 46.50 (42.25 – 50.80) 37.48 (33.78 – 41.34)
Texas 47.27 (45.64 – 48.91) 17.56 (16.14 – 19.09) 57.99 (55.89 – 60.05) 49.86 (47.77 – 51.95)
Utah 29.57 (26.53 – 32.80) 10.23 (7.93 – 13.10) 35.74 (31.64 – 40.06) 31.40 (27.32 – 35.79)
Vermont 58.43 (55.10 – 61.68) 22.00 (19.29 – 24.98) 73.45 (69.87 – 76.75) 60.69 (56.52 – 64.71)
Virginia 51.17 (47.87 – 54.47) 18.40 (15.78 – 21.36) 61.25 (57.52 – 64.86) 53.91 (49.82 – 57.95)
Washington 56.31 (53.06 – 59.50) 18.15 (15.54 – 21.10) 63.66 (59.93 – 67.23) 60.33 (56.28 – 64.24)
West Virginia 37.20 (34.09 – 40.41) 18.28 (15.76 – 21.09) 53.18 (49.41 – 56.91) 36.81 (33.02 – 40.77)
Wisconsin 57.92 (54.70 – 61.06) 21.39 (18.66 – 24.41) 72.05 (68.39 – 75.44) 60.48 (56.47 – 64.36)
Wyoming 52.14 (48.69 – 55.56) 18.30 (15.80 – 21.10) 66.48 (62.65 – 70.10) 54.35 (49.98 – 58.67)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.9 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 22.75   10.65   41.25   21.20  
Alabama 18.10 (15.92 – 20.51) 8.23 (6.65 – 10.14) 34.97 (31.54 – 38.56) 16.45 (13.84 – 19.44)
Alaska 23.13 (20.76 – 25.68) 11.42 (9.55 – 13.61) 41.22 (37.54 – 45.00) 22.26 (19.32 – 25.50)
Arizona 24.32 (21.85 – 26.98) 11.94 (9.82 – 14.44) 41.43 (37.57 – 45.41) 23.04 (20.04 – 26.34)
Arkansas 21.76 (19.48 – 24.22) 11.31 (9.39 – 13.57) 39.76 (35.91 – 43.73) 19.99 (17.29 – 23.00)
California 21.25 (19.96 – 22.61) 9.16 (8.09 – 10.36) 35.41 (33.32 – 37.56) 20.43 (18.81 – 22.16)
Colorado 25.75 (23.27 – 28.39) 11.04 (9.17 – 13.22) 46.73 (42.82 – 50.68) 24.10 (21.09 – 27.38)
Connecticut 23.09 (20.61 – 25.78) 11.18 (9.10 – 13.66) 48.14 (44.30 – 52.00) 21.04 (18.10 – 24.31)
Delaware 23.71 (21.43 – 26.14) 10.46 (8.56 – 12.72) 42.89 (39.14 – 46.72) 22.12 (19.41 – 25.09)
District of Columbia 25.34 (22.62 – 28.26) 5.62 (4.29 – 7.34) 39.25 (35.28 – 43.37) 24.35 (21.13 – 27.88)
Florida 21.74 (20.41 – 23.13) 9.50 (8.40 – 10.73) 39.02 (36.94 – 41.14) 20.76 (19.16 – 22.46)
Georgia 20.73 (18.53 – 23.12) 8.20 (6.72 – 9.97) 33.73 (29.88 – 37.81) 20.17 (17.55 – 23.07)
Hawaii 23.68 (21.10 – 26.46) 11.93 (9.71 – 14.58) 41.12 (36.94 – 45.43) 22.47 (19.38 – 25.90)
Idaho 21.05 (18.76 – 23.54) 11.57 (9.56 – 13.95) 36.12 (32.37 – 40.05) 19.45 (16.66 – 22.59)
Illinois 25.17 (23.78 – 26.61) 11.70 (10.55 – 12.95) 46.77 (44.79 – 48.76) 23.22 (21.48 – 25.05)
Indiana 22.27 (20.09 – 24.61) 9.82 (8.13 – 11.81) 45.11 (41.45 – 48.83) 19.83 (17.18 – 22.78)
Iowa 26.34 (23.86 – 28.98) 13.85 (11.69 – 16.34) 48.87 (44.84 – 52.91) 23.72 (20.72 – 27.00)
Kansas 21.71 (19.46 – 24.14) 11.56 (9.45 – 14.07) 45.26 (41.44 – 49.14) 18.63 (15.91 – 21.69)
Kentucky 19.24 (17.15 – 21.52) 11.08 (9.19 – 13.29) 38.83 (35.06 – 42.74) 16.86 (14.40 – 19.64)
Louisiana 23.77 (21.50 – 26.20) 10.87 (9.01 – 13.05) 40.36 (36.81 – 44.01) 22.39 (19.60 – 25.45)
Maine 21.74 (19.54 – 24.12) 11.12 (9.19 – 13.40) 44.67 (40.86 – 48.55) 19.64 (17.05 – 22.51)
Maryland 21.65 (19.27 – 24.24) 9.43 (7.74 – 11.46) 39.77 (35.91 – 43.75) 20.48 (17.66 – 23.61)
Massachusetts 27.22 (24.56 – 30.06) 14.19 (11.85 – 16.91) 46.98 (42.84 – 51.17) 25.64 (22.49 – 29.05)
Michigan 24.46 (23.16 – 25.80) 12.06 (10.91 – 13.30) 44.49 (42.59 – 46.41) 22.75 (21.11 – 24.46)
Minnesota 28.07 (25.54 – 30.76) 13.27 (11.16 – 15.70) 49.84 (45.79 – 53.88) 26.22 (23.18 – 29.51)
Mississippi 19.70 (17.51 – 22.10) 8.52 (6.89 – 10.50) 32.24 (28.55 – 36.17) 18.86 (16.17 – 21.88)
Missouri 24.56 (22.20 – 27.09) 12.61 (10.59 – 14.95) 43.89 (40.23 – 47.61) 22.80 (19.96 – 25.92)
Montana 27.41 (24.83 – 30.16) 17.85 (15.24 – 20.79) 50.83 (47.08 – 54.57) 24.58 (21.41 – 28.04)
Nebraska 26.26 (23.83 – 28.85) 14.30 (12.00 – 16.97) 49.83 (45.93 – 53.73) 23.44 (20.50 – 26.66)
Nevada 20.87 (18.37 – 23.60) 10.90 (8.97 – 13.19) 33.81 (30.10 – 37.72) 20.17 (17.16 – 23.56)
New Hampshire 24.02 (21.62 – 26.60) 13.29 (11.09 – 15.85) 49.11 (45.19 – 53.04) 21.59 (18.74 – 24.75)
New Jersey 21.74 (19.41 – 24.26) 10.11 (8.27 – 12.30) 41.95 (38.14 – 45.87) 20.36 (17.63 – 23.40)
New Mexico 24.00 (21.43 – 26.77) 14.04 (11.55 – 16.96) 41.39 (37.20 – 45.70) 22.31 (19.22 – 25.74)
New York 24.27 (22.80 – 25.79) 10.71 (9.57 – 11.98) 42.55 (40.42 – 44.70) 22.96 (21.14 – 24.88)
North Carolina 19.31 (17.11 – 21.71) 10.02 (8.19 – 12.19) 38.03 (34.26 – 41.95) 17.40 (14.83 – 20.31)
North Dakota 31.37 (28.69 – 34.18) 16.58 (14.08 – 19.43) 55.15 (50.97 – 59.26) 28.43 (25.14 – 31.96)
Ohio 24.40 (23.13 – 25.72) 11.31 (10.22 – 12.50) 45.99 (44.01 – 47.98) 22.50 (20.90 – 24.18)
Oklahoma 19.01 (16.84 – 21.39) 10.70 (8.76 – 13.00) 37.98 (33.99 – 42.13) 16.53 (13.99 – 19.43)
Oregon 20.52 (18.29 – 22.94) 10.70 (8.80 – 12.95) 40.58 (36.75 – 44.53) 18.40 (15.78 – 21.35)
Pennsylvania 22.83 (21.53 – 24.18) 11.24 (10.12 – 12.48) 45.96 (43.88 – 48.04) 20.59 (19.00 – 22.27)
Rhode Island 26.97 (24.22 – 29.90) 12.73 (10.50 – 15.36) 55.31 (51.10 – 59.45) 23.56 (20.25 – 27.23)
South Carolina 22.54 (20.21 – 25.05) 8.80 (7.09 – 10.86) 42.03 (38.27 – 45.89) 20.93 (18.13 – 24.04)
South Dakota 28.13 (25.64 – 30.77) 15.85 (13.36 – 18.71) 54.15 (50.14 – 58.10) 24.89 (21.84 – 28.22)
Tennessee 16.55 (14.45 – 18.89) 8.39 (6.72 – 10.44) 29.89 (25.92 – 34.19) 15.34 (12.91 – 18.14)
Texas 23.90 (22.65 – 25.20) 9.84 (8.72 – 11.09) 40.02 (38.13 – 41.94) 22.96 (21.35 – 24.65)
Utah 15.86 (13.77 – 18.20) 7.86 (6.15 – 10.00) 24.95 (21.51 – 28.74) 14.70 (12.05 – 17.83)
Vermont 25.51 (22.99 – 28.20) 14.70 (12.50 – 17.21) 49.19 (45.15 – 53.24) 22.87 (19.87 – 26.17)
Virginia 20.51 (18.16 – 23.09) 10.70 (8.82 – 12.91) 40.44 (36.66 – 44.34) 18.58 (15.77 – 21.77)
Washington 20.94 (18.70 – 23.37) 11.06 (9.11 – 13.38) 41.67 (37.94 – 45.49) 18.76 (16.11 – 21.74)
West Virginia 19.33 (17.19 – 21.67) 13.11 (10.86 – 15.76) 38.11 (34.37 – 42.01) 17.02 (14.54 – 19.82)
Wisconsin 28.98 (26.38 – 31.73) 13.48 (11.32 – 15.97) 54.87 (50.91 – 58.77) 26.50 (23.36 – 29.91)
Wyoming 24.93 (22.54 – 27.49) 12.94 (10.73 – 15.52) 49.68 (45.71 – 53.67) 21.98 (19.09 – 25.18)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.10 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 42.04   38.36   32.56   44.20  
Alabama 46.19 (43.07 – 49.35) 42.74 (39.29 – 46.25) 37.64 (34.25 – 41.15) 48.17 (44.25 – 52.11)
Alaska 40.78 (37.65 – 43.98) 35.13 (31.83 – 38.57) 29.24 (26.04 – 32.67) 43.78 (39.72 – 47.92)
Arizona 39.54 (36.21 – 42.97) 36.77 (33.15 – 40.54) 33.66 (30.20 – 37.31) 41.00 (36.82 – 45.32)
Arkansas 43.34 (40.24 – 46.49) 41.25 (37.86 – 44.72) 35.99 (32.38 – 39.77) 44.93 (41.06 – 48.86)
California 45.47 (43.76 – 47.19) 38.79 (36.83 – 40.78) 37.05 (34.99 – 39.16) 48.00 (45.79 – 50.22)
Colorado 38.39 (35.22 – 41.66) 32.48 (29.15 – 35.99) 28.41 (25.16 – 31.91) 40.94 (36.97 – 45.02)
Connecticut 39.85 (36.57 – 43.22) 36.18 (32.90 – 39.59) 27.52 (24.42 – 30.85) 42.12 (38.05 – 46.30)
Delaware 39.62 (36.64 – 42.69) 39.63 (36.13 – 43.24) 29.37 (26.08 – 32.88) 41.39 (37.67 – 45.20)
District of Columbia 45.47 (42.12 – 48.86) 43.87 (40.27 – 47.54) 37.24 (33.45 – 41.19) 47.24 (43.08 – 51.44)
Florida 44.38 (42.65 – 46.13) 40.02 (38.08 – 41.99) 37.54 (35.60 – 39.53) 45.89 (43.75 – 48.05)
Georgia 47.12 (43.92 – 50.34) 42.61 (39.09 – 46.21) 38.37 (34.77 – 42.09) 49.36 (45.39 – 53.34)
Hawaii 39.86 (36.56 – 43.24) 38.93 (35.35 – 42.63) 32.94 (29.28 – 36.82) 41.09 (36.98 – 45.32)
Idaho 39.96 (37.11 – 42.88) 37.53 (34.20 – 40.99) 30.42 (27.19 – 33.85) 42.33 (38.68 – 46.06)
Illinois 40.66 (38.94 – 42.41) 38.28 (36.37 – 40.22) 31.51 (29.71 – 33.37) 42.61 (40.43 – 44.83)
Indiana 42.73 (39.70 – 45.82) 40.32 (36.92 – 43.83) 30.82 (27.64 – 34.18) 45.27 (41.47 – 49.12)
Iowa 34.19 (31.15 – 37.36) 31.78 (28.42 – 35.34) 25.92 (22.75 – 29.37) 36.09 (32.23 – 40.13)
Kansas 40.70 (37.57 – 43.90) 38.43 (35.01 – 41.97) 28.12 (25.00 – 31.46) 43.47 (39.49 – 47.54)
Kentucky 42.34 (39.29 – 45.46) 39.08 (35.61 – 42.67) 33.87 (30.51 – 37.41) 44.23 (40.44 – 48.08)
Louisiana 43.83 (40.92 – 46.78) 39.89 (36.60 – 43.29) 35.50 (32.19 – 38.95) 46.10 (42.36 – 49.88)
Maine 36.26 (33.24 – 39.40) 32.80 (29.55 – 36.21) 24.59 (21.75 – 27.66) 38.44 (34.75 – 42.27)
Maryland 41.88 (38.58 – 45.26) 38.85 (35.35 – 42.48) 35.09 (31.59 – 38.76) 43.37 (39.31 – 47.53)
Massachusetts 34.67 (31.61 – 37.86) 34.03 (30.73 – 37.50) 24.06 (20.97 – 27.45) 36.44 (32.69 – 40.36)
Michigan 39.74 (38.10 – 41.39) 38.10 (36.23 – 40.01) 29.27 (27.67 – 30.94) 41.79 (39.70 – 43.90)
Minnesota 36.35 (33.34 – 39.47) 36.49 (33.16 – 39.95) 24.65 (21.68 – 27.89) 38.45 (34.64 – 42.42)
Mississippi 49.91 (46.61 – 53.22) 44.09 (40.38 – 47.87) 41.78 (37.91 – 45.76) 52.44 (48.20 – 56.64)
Missouri 38.35 (35.45 – 41.34) 36.71 (33.64 – 39.90) 28.92 (25.88 – 32.15) 40.25 (36.60 – 44.01)
Montana 36.33 (33.32 – 39.44) 31.95 (28.87 – 35.19) 24.62 (21.66 – 27.84) 39.04 (35.24 – 42.97)
Nebraska 37.99 (35.00 – 41.07) 35.97 (32.54 – 39.54) 25.27 (22.27 – 28.53) 40.73 (36.94 – 44.64)
Nevada 41.75 (38.46 – 45.12) 38.57 (35.05 – 42.22) 35.01 (31.61 – 38.57) 43.24 (39.18 – 47.38)
New Hampshire 33.32 (30.15 – 36.64) 27.98 (24.75 – 31.46) 20.30 (17.70 – 23.18) 36.08 (32.11 – 40.24)
New Jersey 44.79 (41.54 – 48.09) 38.38 (34.93 – 41.96) 34.09 (30.62 – 37.73) 47.14 (43.14 – 51.17)
New Mexico 47.07 (43.68 – 50.48) 40.01 (36.16 – 44.00) 37.35 (33.57 – 41.30) 49.98 (45.61 – 54.35)
New York 41.50 (39.76 – 43.27) 39.15 (37.13 – 41.20) 31.25 (29.36 – 33.21) 43.50 (41.32 – 45.70)
North Carolina 45.72 (42.51 – 48.97) 39.55 (36.06 – 43.16) 33.43 (30.08 – 36.95) 48.60 (44.56 – 52.66)
North Dakota 33.65 (30.65 – 36.79) 32.51 (29.21 – 36.00) 23.09 (20.11 – 26.37) 36.02 (32.18 – 40.06)
Ohio 37.72 (36.12 – 39.35) 37.89 (36.00 – 39.82) 28.46 (26.79 – 30.19) 39.29 (37.23 – 41.39)
Oklahoma 43.77 (40.37 – 47.23) 37.84 (34.33 – 41.49) 31.48 (27.92 – 35.27) 46.98 (42.62 – 51.38)
Oregon 39.88 (36.73 – 43.12) 36.22 (32.87 – 39.71) 29.13 (25.97 – 32.50) 42.18 (38.32 – 46.14)
Pennsylvania 37.29 (35.58 – 39.04) 35.40 (33.57 – 37.28) 26.27 (24.61 – 28.00) 39.32 (37.15 – 41.53)
Rhode Island 36.25 (32.86 – 39.78) 34.95 (31.52 – 38.54) 27.75 (24.54 – 31.20) 37.96 (33.75 – 42.35)
South Carolina 45.48 (42.06 – 48.94) 42.76 (39.32 – 46.27) 32.65 (29.32 – 36.17) 48.11 (43.78 – 52.47)
South Dakota 35.95 (32.84 – 39.18) 33.49 (30.16 – 36.99) 23.15 (20.24 – 26.35) 38.83 (34.83 – 42.98)
Tennessee 45.42 (42.22 – 48.66) 41.10 (37.44 – 44.85) 34.76 (31.03 – 38.68) 47.77 (43.82 – 51.75)
Texas 44.61 (43.06 – 46.18) 38.81 (36.91 – 40.75) 37.33 (35.36 – 39.35) 46.96 (44.94 – 48.99)
Utah 50.94 (47.56 – 54.32) 47.56 (43.67 – 51.47) 40.56 (36.71 – 44.53) 54.64 (49.94 – 59.26)
Vermont 37.08 (34.07 – 40.20) 30.43 (27.34 – 33.70) 22.04 (19.20 – 25.18) 40.56 (36.78 – 44.46)
Virginia 42.20 (38.83 – 45.64) 40.32 (36.77 – 43.96) 31.25 (28.10 – 34.59) 44.23 (40.05 – 48.49)
Washington 39.20 (36.02 – 42.48) 35.22 (31.75 – 38.86) 27.05 (24.06 – 30.27) 41.83 (37.87 – 45.91)
West Virginia 42.90 (39.67 – 46.18) 34.10 (30.77 – 37.60) 33.85 (30.42 – 37.46) 45.37 (41.40 – 49.41)
Wisconsin 36.57 (33.62 – 39.63) 34.07 (30.68 – 37.64) 25.07 (22.07 – 28.34) 38.99 (35.28 – 42.82)
Wyoming 37.38 (34.31 – 40.55) 35.00 (31.69 – 38.47) 22.86 (19.96 – 26.04) 40.48 (36.57 – 44.52)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.11 Any Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 30.09   14.83   45.02   29.59  
Alabama 33.02 (30.13 – 36.04) 16.66 (14.24 – 19.39) 45.20 (41.65 – 48.80) 33.07 (29.44 – 36.91)
Alaska 30.73 (27.97 – 33.65) 16.39 (13.96 – 19.16) 48.43 (44.68 – 52.19) 30.42 (26.91 – 34.18)
Arizona 30.45 (27.45 – 33.63) 15.11 (12.51 – 18.13) 39.80 (35.69 – 44.06) 31.00 (27.20 – 35.06)
Arkansas 39.35 (36.34 – 42.44) 19.57 (16.79 – 22.69) 55.88 (52.01 – 59.69) 39.12 (35.36 – 43.01)
California 22.45 (21.05 – 23.92) 9.22 (8.08 – 10.52) 35.14 (33.19 – 37.13) 22.07 (20.28 – 23.97)
Colorado 31.24 (28.52 – 34.09) 17.44 (14.70 – 20.58) 49.95 (46.08 – 53.83) 29.86 (26.54 – 33.40)
Connecticut 27.06 (24.31 – 29.99) 15.19 (12.71 – 18.07) 46.14 (42.50 – 49.82) 25.86 (22.49 – 29.55)
Delaware 29.52 (26.95 – 32.22) 16.30 (13.82 – 19.13) 46.47 (42.67 – 50.33) 28.32 (25.15 – 31.71)
District of Columbia 29.21 (26.38 – 32.20) 9.53 (7.56 – 11.95) 37.39 (33.49 – 41.45) 29.34 (25.85 – 33.10)
Florida 28.14 (26.66 – 29.68) 14.34 (12.91 – 15.89) 41.55 (39.48 – 43.66) 27.91 (26.10 – 29.80)
Georgia 30.88 (28.21 – 33.68) 15.79 (13.39 – 18.53) 41.74 (37.75 – 45.85) 31.07 (27.77 – 34.58)
Hawaii 24.62 (22.14 – 27.29) 12.33 (10.18 – 14.87) 36.59 (32.80 – 40.56) 24.37 (21.29 – 27.73)
Idaho 28.09 (25.56 – 30.76) 14.70 (12.25 – 17.53) 43.08 (39.22 – 47.03) 27.13 (23.95 – 30.57)
Illinois 30.91 (29.42 – 32.43) 14.97 (13.62 – 16.44) 46.68 (44.74 – 48.64) 30.33 (28.46 – 32.26)
Indiana 33.09 (30.52 – 35.77) 16.84 (14.35 – 19.67) 49.30 (45.58 – 53.02) 32.42 (29.22 – 35.80)
Iowa 30.88 (28.21 – 33.70) 16.34 (13.73 – 19.33) 48.67 (44.84 – 52.52) 29.44 (26.09 – 33.03)
Kansas 31.24 (28.52 – 34.09) 15.57 (12.93 – 18.63) 45.68 (42.00 – 49.41) 30.73 (27.26 – 34.43)
Kentucky 39.78 (36.79 – 42.84) 23.18 (20.23 – 26.41) 58.88 (55.05 – 62.61) 38.54 (34.83 – 42.38)
Louisiana 32.70 (30.01 – 35.52) 17.58 (15.02 – 20.47) 48.21 (44.54 – 51.91) 31.87 (28.44 – 35.51)
Maine 31.33 (28.49 – 34.32) 13.55 (11.24 – 16.26) 50.44 (46.65 – 54.23) 30.69 (27.23 – 34.39)
Maryland 27.13 (24.61 – 29.81) 12.70 (10.56 – 15.20) 42.05 (38.23 – 45.96) 26.76 (23.69 – 30.07)
Massachusetts 26.09 (23.64 – 28.69) 14.37 (12.01 – 17.10) 42.53 (38.51 – 46.65) 24.88 (21.92 – 28.10)
Michigan 32.56 (31.03 – 34.12) 15.89 (14.49 – 17.39) 47.64 (45.81 – 49.48) 32.32 (30.37 – 34.33)
Minnesota 31.44 (28.72 – 34.29) 17.69 (15.15 – 20.56) 51.31 (47.43 – 55.18) 29.78 (26.43 – 33.37)
Mississippi 35.49 (32.51 – 38.60) 16.57 (14.00 – 19.51) 47.77 (43.82 – 51.74) 35.87 (32.09 – 39.84)
Missouri 36.69 (33.89 – 39.57) 21.01 (18.23 – 24.10) 51.76 (47.98 – 55.52) 36.19 (32.66 – 39.87)
Montana 34.18 (31.40 – 37.07) 21.16 (18.37 – 24.25) 53.76 (50.09 – 57.39) 32.51 (29.00 – 36.24)
Nebraska 30.59 (27.87 – 33.45) 18.86 (16.07 – 22.00) 48.81 (44.88 – 52.75) 28.76 (25.37 – 32.40)
Nevada 34.99 (31.71 – 38.42) 15.31 (12.69 – 18.35) 42.38 (38.33 – 46.53) 36.47 (32.38 – 40.77)
New Hampshire 31.71 (28.74 – 34.83) 16.82 (14.15 – 19.89) 50.33 (46.72 – 53.94) 30.86 (27.21 – 34.76)
New Jersey 26.84 (24.15 – 29.71) 13.65 (11.27 – 16.44) 44.45 (40.54 – 48.42) 26.04 (22.78 – 29.58)
New Mexico 29.03 (26.20 – 32.04) 15.37 (12.67 – 18.51) 45.26 (41.13 – 49.47) 28.14 (24.59 – 31.99)
New York 28.82 (27.26 – 30.42) 12.78 (11.49 – 14.19) 43.64 (41.57 – 45.73) 28.40 (26.47 – 30.41)
North Carolina 35.90 (32.94 – 38.96) 17.97 (15.30 – 20.98) 50.13 (46.23 – 54.04) 35.88 (32.23 – 39.71)
North Dakota 32.51 (29.83 – 35.31) 20.88 (17.99 – 24.10) 49.74 (46.00 – 53.48) 30.50 (27.15 – 34.07)
Ohio 36.03 (34.41 – 37.69) 17.27 (15.80 – 18.85) 51.79 (49.83 – 53.74) 35.91 (33.84 – 38.04)
Oklahoma 35.86 (32.76 – 39.08) 17.60 (14.84 – 20.74) 52.96 (48.84 – 57.04) 35.16 (31.26 – 39.26)
Oregon 30.19 (27.48 – 33.05) 14.42 (12.12 – 17.08) 46.63 (42.86 – 50.45) 29.46 (26.12 – 33.04)
Pennsylvania 32.94 (31.36 – 34.55) 16.75 (15.33 – 18.27) 50.17 (48.22 – 52.12) 32.24 (30.26 – 34.29)
Rhode Island 31.14 (28.16 – 34.28) 16.13 (13.44 – 19.23) 51.46 (47.49 – 55.41) 29.29 (25.67 – 33.19)
South Carolina 31.92 (29.09 – 34.89) 15.52 (13.05 – 18.36) 48.06 (44.34 – 51.79) 31.27 (27.73 – 35.04)
South Dakota 35.10 (32.33 – 37.98) 22.82 (19.73 – 26.24) 57.69 (53.84 – 61.46) 32.53 (28.99 – 36.29)
Tennessee 33.84 (31.05 – 36.74) 17.17 (14.54 – 20.16) 46.30 (42.13 – 50.53) 33.86 (30.45 – 37.44)
Texas 29.68 (28.24 – 31.16) 13.45 (12.12 – 14.91) 42.47 (40.52 – 44.45) 29.73 (27.85 – 31.67)
Utah 19.67 (17.20 – 22.40) 8.43 (6.41 – 11.01) 25.46 (21.97 – 29.29) 20.09 (16.79 – 23.85)
Vermont 30.64 (27.91 – 33.51) 18.33 (15.66 – 21.34) 52.64 (48.79 – 56.46) 28.49 (25.14 – 32.09)
Virginia 29.73 (27.04 – 32.57) 15.40 (12.82 – 18.39) 47.83 (44.10 – 51.58) 28.70 (25.41 – 32.24)
Washington 26.76 (24.27 – 29.39) 13.22 (10.91 – 15.93) 45.81 (42.01 – 49.66) 25.37 (22.31 – 28.69)
West Virginia 37.22 (34.32 – 40.21) 21.34 (18.49 – 24.50) 54.26 (50.57 – 57.91) 36.30 (32.78 – 39.97)
Wisconsin 30.55 (27.83 – 33.42) 17.30 (14.71 – 20.24) 50.41 (46.66 – 54.17) 28.84 (25.44 – 32.49)
Wyoming 34.00 (31.18 – 36.93) 16.34 (13.74 – 19.33) 55.18 (51.16 – 59.14) 32.55 (29.01 – 36.30)
NOTE: Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.12 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 25.71   12.57   40.50   24.95  
Alabama 26.43 (23.80 – 29.25) 13.69 (11.46 – 16.28) 39.24 (35.62 – 42.98) 25.88 (22.61 – 29.46)
Alaska 25.71 (23.12 – 28.49) 13.25 (11.07 – 15.79) 43.97 (40.13 – 47.90) 24.96 (21.68 – 28.55)
Arizona 27.51 (24.60 – 30.63) 12.84 (10.52 – 15.57) 38.85 (34.98 – 42.86) 27.60 (23.91 – 31.62)
Arkansas 32.84 (29.98 – 35.83) 16.05 (13.60 – 18.85) 50.97 (46.85 – 55.08) 31.92 (28.39 – 35.68)
California 19.36 (17.97 – 20.83) 7.48 (6.48 – 8.62) 31.77 (29.82 – 33.77) 18.83 (17.06 – 20.73)
Colorado 26.76 (24.22 – 29.47) 13.74 (11.45 – 16.41) 44.56 (40.55 – 48.64) 25.43 (22.30 – 28.84)
Connecticut 23.78 (21.21 – 26.55) 13.45 (11.08 – 16.23) 41.56 (37.82 – 45.40) 22.56 (19.46 – 26.00)
Delaware 26.09 (23.69 – 28.63) 14.07 (11.84 – 16.64) 42.69 (38.89 – 46.59) 24.79 (21.86 – 27.96)
District of Columbia 26.12 (23.36 – 29.08) 7.10 (5.60 – 8.95) 33.26 (29.57 – 37.18) 26.40 (23.02 – 30.08)
Florida 23.99 (22.63 – 25.40) 12.26 (11.02 – 13.62) 36.75 (34.77 – 38.78) 23.59 (21.92 – 25.34)
Georgia 25.80 (23.33 – 28.43) 12.83 (10.67 – 15.36) 35.48 (31.76 – 39.38) 25.91 (22.82 – 29.25)
Hawaii 21.97 (19.55 – 24.60) 8.78 (7.05 – 10.88) 34.32 (30.17 – 38.73) 21.77 (18.84 – 25.03)
Idaho 23.95 (21.61 – 26.45) 12.48 (10.34 – 14.99) 39.02 (35.01 – 43.17) 22.68 (19.74 – 25.90)
Illinois 26.77 (25.34 – 28.25) 13.00 (11.78 – 14.33) 42.75 (40.75 – 44.78) 25.85 (24.04 – 27.75)
Indiana 28.33 (25.77 – 31.04) 14.39 (12.10 – 17.03) 44.94 (41.18 – 48.76) 27.26 (24.06 – 30.72)
Iowa 26.45 (23.88 – 29.19) 14.27 (11.97 – 16.94) 41.91 (37.88 – 46.05) 25.14 (21.97 – 28.59)
Kansas 25.95 (23.49 – 28.58) 13.95 (11.62 – 16.66) 39.62 (35.92 – 43.45) 25.06 (21.96 – 28.45)
Kentucky 34.77 (31.83 – 37.83) 17.62 (15.06 – 20.51) 53.06 (49.24 – 56.84) 33.74 (30.09 – 37.59)
Louisiana 28.27 (25.71 – 30.98) 15.01 (12.65 – 17.72) 42.36 (38.80 – 46.00) 27.45 (24.18 – 30.98)
Maine 26.82 (24.14 – 29.68) 12.16 (10.04 – 14.66) 43.89 (39.93 – 47.92) 26.10 (22.82 – 29.67)
Maryland 23.22 (20.79 – 25.84) 11.08 (9.17 – 13.33) 35.91 (32.05 – 39.96) 22.88 (19.91 – 26.15)
Massachusetts 22.42 (19.98 – 25.06) 11.69 (9.64 – 14.12) 38.40 (34.37 – 42.59) 21.16 (18.25 – 24.39)
Michigan 28.19 (26.70 – 29.73) 13.59 (12.35 – 14.94) 42.81 (40.91 – 44.73) 27.74 (25.83 – 29.73)
Minnesota 26.87 (24.42 – 29.47) 15.67 (13.30 – 18.37) 48.22 (44.17 – 52.30) 24.59 (21.57 – 27.88)
Mississippi 29.41 (26.74 – 32.23) 12.83 (10.69 – 15.34) 41.57 (37.84 – 45.39) 29.46 (26.05 – 33.12)
Missouri 31.51 (28.75 – 34.41) 17.88 (15.30 – 20.78) 47.59 (43.73 – 51.48) 30.56 (27.13 – 34.22)
Montana 27.71 (25.23 – 30.33) 16.10 (13.76 – 18.76) 44.96 (41.19 – 48.79) 26.26 (23.13 – 29.66)
Nebraska 25.93 (23.44 – 28.60) 16.36 (13.84 – 19.23) 43.92 (40.07 – 47.85) 23.84 (20.74 – 27.25)
Nevada 30.50 (27.36 – 33.83) 12.73 (10.47 – 15.39) 36.40 (32.58 – 40.40) 31.95 (28.03 – 36.13)
New Hampshire 26.17 (23.63 – 28.88) 14.03 (11.76 – 16.64) 44.80 (41.03 – 48.63) 24.94 (21.84 – 28.31)
New Jersey 23.42 (20.86 – 26.19) 11.83 (9.77 – 14.25) 40.67 (36.84 – 44.61) 22.46 (19.41 – 25.85)
New Mexico 24.05 (21.35 – 26.96) 12.34 (10.00 – 15.14) 38.45 (34.39 – 42.68) 23.19 (19.83 – 26.94)
New York 25.46 (23.86 – 27.14) 11.81 (10.65 – 13.08) 40.17 (38.11 – 42.27) 24.76 (22.77 – 26.87)
North Carolina 29.69 (26.89 – 32.65) 14.78 (12.36 – 17.57) 45.89 (41.90 – 49.93) 28.95 (25.52 – 32.63)
North Dakota 27.53 (24.89 – 30.34) 17.53 (15.02 – 20.36) 42.78 (38.75 – 46.92) 25.71 (22.48 – 29.24)
Ohio 30.48 (28.93 – 32.06) 14.52 (13.21 – 15.94) 46.03 (44.11 – 47.95) 30.00 (28.06 – 32.02)
Oklahoma 30.28 (27.47 – 33.25) 14.96 (12.62 – 17.64) 44.71 (40.70 – 48.79) 29.67 (26.15 – 33.46)
Oregon 24.96 (22.51 – 27.58) 11.29 (9.30 – 13.64) 41.49 (37.72 – 45.35) 23.94 (20.95 – 27.21)
Pennsylvania 27.68 (26.16 – 29.25) 14.73 (13.42 – 16.16) 44.78 (42.76 – 46.81) 26.59 (24.69 – 28.58)
Rhode Island 27.35 (24.69 – 30.17) 13.72 (11.39 – 16.44) 47.60 (43.40 – 51.83) 25.34 (22.08 – 28.89)
South Carolina 26.85 (24.21 – 29.66) 12.21 (10.12 – 14.67) 42.88 (39.16 – 46.68) 25.97 (22.71 – 29.52)
South Dakota 30.31 (27.60 – 33.16) 19.79 (17.00 – 22.90) 51.76 (47.73 – 55.76) 27.70 (24.33 – 31.33)
Tennessee 28.03 (25.41 – 30.80) 14.33 (12.04 – 16.98) 38.83 (34.70 – 43.12) 27.95 (24.77 – 31.37)
Texas 25.56 (24.15 – 27.03) 11.65 (10.38 – 13.06) 39.18 (37.19 – 41.21) 25.09 (23.27 – 27.00)
Utah 16.74 (14.36 – 19.43) 6.57 (4.70 – 9.10) 24.61 (20.92 – 28.71) 16.36 (13.24 – 20.05)
Vermont 25.43 (22.98 – 28.05) 14.84 (12.58 – 17.44) 47.57 (43.55 – 51.62) 23.03 (20.04 – 26.32)
Virginia 25.18 (22.66 – 27.88) 14.17 (11.84 – 16.88) 43.38 (39.63 – 47.20) 23.69 (20.60 – 27.08)
Washington 23.41 (21.00 – 26.00) 10.84 (8.87 – 13.19) 42.23 (38.45 – 46.10) 21.93 (19.00 – 25.18)
West Virginia 29.52 (26.74 – 32.45) 17.34 (14.83 – 20.17) 47.96 (44.20 – 51.74) 27.94 (24.58 – 31.58)
Wisconsin 25.75 (23.21 – 28.47) 15.32 (12.90 – 18.10) 45.48 (41.71 – 49.31) 23.67 (20.55 – 27.10)
Wyoming 26.81 (24.30 – 29.47) 12.78 (10.58 – 15.35) 44.46 (40.57 – 48.41) 25.50 (22.37 – 28.91)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.13 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 71.27   63.67   65.46   73.33  
Alabama 68.32 (65.43 – 71.06) 62.18 (58.70 – 65.53) 62.28 (58.59 – 65.82) 70.21 (66.62 – 73.57)
Alaska 70.30 (67.44 – 73.02) 66.56 (63.11 – 69.84) 65.46 (61.84 – 68.91) 71.83 (68.11 – 75.27)
Arizona 72.74 (69.70 – 75.58) 64.39 (60.80 – 67.82) 70.87 (67.00 – 74.45) 74.29 (70.41 – 77.82)
Arkansas 67.91 (65.07 – 70.62) 61.55 (58.10 – 64.89) 60.58 (56.57 – 64.46) 70.08 (66.52 – 73.41)
California 76.82 (75.32 – 78.26) 67.07 (65.05 – 69.03) 72.52 (70.50 – 74.44) 79.05 (77.09 – 80.88)
Colorado 70.29 (67.55 – 72.90) 63.77 (60.18 – 67.20) 61.30 (57.22 – 65.22) 72.75 (69.29 – 75.96)
Connecticut 72.67 (69.95 – 75.23) 64.74 (61.30 – 68.04) 67.32 (63.65 – 70.79) 74.49 (71.13 – 77.58)
Delaware 71.47 (68.87 – 73.94) 63.20 (59.84 – 66.43) 64.70 (60.85 – 68.36) 73.70 (70.47 – 76.70)
District of Columbia 74.89 (72.03 – 77.55) 61.87 (58.07 – 65.53) 74.31 (70.32 – 77.93) 76.17 (72.63 – 79.38)
Florida 72.89 (71.38 – 74.35) 63.06 (61.14 – 64.94) 69.14 (67.20 – 71.01) 74.62 (72.76 – 76.40)
Georgia 71.86 (69.29 – 74.29) 64.49 (61.04 – 67.80) 67.39 (63.61 – 70.96) 73.73 (70.51 – 76.71)
Hawaii 71.12 (68.12 – 73.95) 65.39 (61.69 – 68.92) 68.38 (64.22 – 72.26) 72.33 (68.57 – 75.80)
Idaho 72.24 (69.62 – 74.72) 65.57 (62.20 – 68.80) 68.57 (64.87 – 72.05) 74.08 (70.68 – 77.22)
Illinois 69.57 (68.03 – 71.07) 64.55 (62.63 – 66.41) 63.86 (61.80 – 65.87) 71.28 (69.29 – 73.19)
Indiana 69.12 (66.41 – 71.70) 64.18 (60.75 – 67.48) 63.69 (59.95 – 67.26) 70.82 (67.39 – 74.04)
Iowa 65.85 (62.89 – 68.68) 61.99 (58.43 – 65.42) 60.18 (56.30 – 63.94) 67.44 (63.69 – 70.98)
Kansas 70.61 (68.00 – 73.09) 60.16 (56.52 – 63.70) 63.55 (59.97 – 66.98) 73.52 (70.15 – 76.62)
Kentucky 62.46 (59.38 – 65.44) 58.90 (55.39 – 62.32) 53.67 (49.69 – 57.60) 64.43 (60.56 – 68.12)
Louisiana 67.74 (65.06 – 70.32) 59.33 (55.74 – 62.83) 63.25 (59.71 – 66.65) 69.92 (66.44 – 73.19)
Maine 69.25 (66.44 – 71.93) 64.49 (61.06 – 67.77) 61.95 (58.22 – 65.55) 70.94 (67.45 – 74.19)
Maryland 71.76 (68.94 – 74.43) 65.27 (61.82 – 68.57) 63.95 (59.99 – 67.73) 73.89 (70.37 – 77.13)
Massachusetts 75.55 (72.80 – 78.11) 67.22 (63.89 – 70.38) 70.84 (66.88 – 74.51) 77.31 (73.92 – 80.38)
Michigan 70.89 (69.36 – 72.38) 64.02 (62.17 – 65.83) 64.00 (62.08 – 65.89) 73.07 (71.13 – 74.93)
Minnesota 69.68 (67.06 – 72.19) 63.18 (59.80 – 66.44) 60.26 (56.15 – 64.23) 72.32 (68.98 – 75.42)
Mississippi 68.63 (65.76 – 71.36) 59.22 (55.79 – 62.57) 62.94 (59.09 – 66.63) 71.20 (67.48 – 74.65)
Missouri 68.02 (65.28 – 70.65) 61.78 (58.45 – 65.00) 61.37 (57.57 – 65.03) 70.06 (66.63 – 73.28)
Montana 71.38 (68.73 – 73.89) 64.76 (61.47 – 67.93) 66.77 (63.06 – 70.28) 73.14 (69.75 – 76.28)
Nebraska 69.62 (66.84 – 72.27) 63.18 (59.77 – 66.47) 63.58 (59.83 – 67.17) 71.72 (68.15 – 75.04)
Nevada 69.57 (66.67 – 72.32) 64.24 (60.68 – 67.65) 62.56 (58.57 – 66.39) 71.38 (67.78 – 74.73)
New Hampshire 68.63 (65.53 – 71.58) 59.52 (55.80 – 63.14) 61.12 (57.28 – 64.82) 71.05 (67.16 – 74.65)
New Jersey 75.17 (72.55 – 77.62) 64.03 (60.48 – 67.42) 66.84 (63.00 – 70.46) 77.79 (74.56 – 80.72)
New Mexico 73.04 (70.22 – 75.69) 61.12 (57.17 – 64.94) 67.82 (63.79 – 71.60) 75.88 (72.28 – 79.15)
New York 72.81 (71.23 – 74.33) 64.32 (62.38 – 66.23) 67.84 (65.78 – 69.83) 74.71 (72.74 – 76.59)
North Carolina 68.08 (65.21 – 70.82) 60.76 (57.13 – 64.27) 59.40 (55.40 – 63.28) 70.51 (66.91 – 73.86)
North Dakota 66.97 (64.16 – 69.65) 61.29 (57.75 – 64.71) 62.84 (58.97 – 66.55) 68.62 (65.02 – 72.02)
Ohio 67.60 (66.05 – 69.11) 61.92 (59.89 – 63.90) 59.92 (58.00 – 61.81) 69.71 (67.73 – 71.61)
Oklahoma 66.52 (63.60 – 69.32) 60.58 (57.15 – 63.90) 58.78 (54.75 – 62.69) 68.86 (65.08 – 72.41)
Oregon 72.21 (69.48 – 74.79) 68.14 (64.83 – 71.28) 69.69 (66.13 – 73.03) 73.18 (69.75 – 76.34)
Pennsylvania 68.77 (67.20 – 70.30) 62.31 (60.39 – 64.19) 61.54 (59.51 – 63.54) 70.77 (68.79 – 72.67)
Rhode Island 73.34 (70.45 – 76.04) 65.01 (61.41 – 68.44) 72.97 (69.07 – 76.55) 74.43 (70.80 – 77.76)
South Carolina 69.38 (66.63 – 72.01) 62.27 (58.81 – 65.61) 61.91 (58.04 – 65.63) 71.66 (68.17 – 74.91)
South Dakota 65.09 (62.21 – 67.87) 60.68 (57.13 – 64.12) 56.27 (52.28 – 60.18) 67.49 (63.77 – 71.01)
Tennessee 66.84 (64.10 – 69.47) 62.38 (58.82 – 65.82) 60.70 (56.34 – 64.91) 68.44 (65.08 – 71.62)
Texas 71.88 (70.51 – 73.22) 61.14 (59.08 – 63.15) 66.08 (64.06 – 68.05) 74.73 (72.95 – 76.42)
Utah 75.00 (72.44 – 77.39) 71.49 (67.98 – 74.76) 72.28 (68.58 – 75.71) 76.47 (72.99 – 79.63)
Vermont 70.15 (67.39 – 72.77) 63.59 (60.13 – 66.93) 62.72 (58.93 – 66.37) 72.30 (68.85 – 75.51)
Virginia 70.95 (68.19 – 73.57) 64.05 (60.52 – 67.44) 66.03 (62.24 – 69.63) 72.67 (69.22 – 75.88)
Washington 70.63 (67.99 – 73.14) 66.48 (63.08 – 69.71) 64.26 (60.48 – 67.88) 72.29 (69.01 – 75.35)
West Virginia 67.26 (64.38 – 70.01) 59.35 (55.78 – 62.83) 58.54 (54.65 – 62.33) 69.58 (66.02 – 72.92)
Wisconsin 69.71 (66.94 – 72.35) 63.58 (60.00 – 67.02) 63.81 (60.02 – 67.43) 71.63 (68.13 – 74.88)
Wyoming 68.09 (65.23 – 70.83) 64.05 (60.70 – 67.26) 61.46 (57.70 – 65.08) 69.95 (66.29 – 73.37)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.14 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 7.59   5.88   17.43   6.12  
Alabama 6.08 (5.03 – 7.33) 4.83 (3.69 – 6.31) 13.65 (11.36 – 16.31) 4.91 (3.75 – 6.40)
Alaska 8.63 (7.30 – 10.17) 6.15 (4.82 – 7.81) 18.79 (15.99 – 21.95) 7.37 (5.79 – 9.33)
Arizona 9.29 (7.87 – 10.93) 7.38 (5.67 – 9.56) 19.36 (16.38 – 22.75) 7.75 (6.14 – 9.74)
Arkansas 7.57 (6.39 – 8.93) 6.15 (4.76 – 7.90) 17.59 (14.87 – 20.69) 5.98 (4.69 – 7.60)
California 7.22 (6.53 – 7.97) 5.51 (4.71 – 6.44) 14.83 (13.28 – 16.52) 6.07 (5.26 – 7.00)
Colorado 9.20 (7.90 – 10.69) 6.71 (5.24 – 8.56) 20.66 (17.77 – 23.88) 7.54 (6.08 – 9.32)
Connecticut 6.90 (5.71 – 8.31) 5.39 (4.07 – 7.12) 18.87 (16.04 – 22.08) 5.36 (4.09 – 6.99)
Delaware 7.65 (6.49 – 9.00) 5.76 (4.49 – 7.35) 18.17 (15.43 – 21.27) 6.08 (4.82 – 7.66)
District of Columbia 9.20 (7.66 – 11.02) 3.00 (2.12 – 4.21) 16.26 (13.53 – 19.43) 8.37 (6.62 – 10.52)
Florida 6.86 (6.18 – 7.61) 5.40 (4.61 – 6.31) 16.89 (15.34 – 18.55) 5.60 (4.83 – 6.49)
Georgia 7.37 (6.15 – 8.80) 4.78 (3.61 – 6.30) 14.90 (12.46 – 17.71) 6.37 (5.01 – 8.07)
Hawaii 7.52 (6.30 – 8.94) 6.42 (4.87 – 8.42) 18.14 (15.24 – 21.45) 5.97 (4.64 – 7.63)
Idaho 8.45 (7.16 – 9.95) 7.79 (6.11 – 9.88) 18.37 (15.60 – 21.51) 6.51 (5.09 – 8.30)
Illinois 8.74 (7.94 – 9.60) 6.08 (5.26 – 7.02) 19.49 (17.87 – 21.22) 7.21 (6.25 – 8.29)
Indiana 7.90 (6.71 – 9.27) 6.21 (4.80 – 7.99) 19.19 (16.36 – 22.39) 6.06 (4.78 – 7.66)
Iowa 8.25 (7.07 – 9.61) 7.56 (5.99 – 9.52) 19.67 (16.79 – 22.91) 6.18 (4.90 – 7.76)
Kansas 7.14 (6.02 – 8.46) 5.12 (3.86 – 6.76) 18.49 (15.80 – 21.53) 5.24 (4.03 – 6.79)
Kentucky 6.16 (5.15 – 7.37) 5.26 (4.01 – 6.87) 14.67 (12.23 – 17.49) 4.80 (3.71 – 6.19)
Louisiana 7.95 (6.73 – 9.38) 5.97 (4.59 – 7.72) 17.56 (14.96 – 20.50) 6.33 (4.95 – 8.06)
Maine 7.31 (6.15 – 8.67) 5.59 (4.29 – 7.26) 18.26 (15.57 – 21.28) 5.88 (4.61 – 7.47)
Maryland 7.55 (6.33 – 8.99) 5.37 (4.08 – 7.04) 15.98 (13.42 – 18.91) 6.52 (5.14 – 8.24)
Massachusetts 8.60 (7.22 – 10.22) 7.35 (5.77 – 9.33) 18.47 (15.51 – 21.84) 7.18 (5.67 – 9.05)
Michigan 8.46 (7.68 – 9.32) 6.42 (5.59 – 7.37) 18.29 (16.72 – 19.97) 7.05 (6.10 – 8.14)
Minnesota 9.01 (7.71 – 10.49) 7.24 (5.73 – 9.10) 20.99 (18.08 – 24.23) 7.08 (5.65 – 8.85)
Mississippi 6.46 (5.32 – 7.82) 3.78 (2.77 – 5.14) 13.96 (11.46 – 16.90) 5.35 (4.09 – 6.97)
Missouri 7.89 (6.73 – 9.23) 6.34 (4.96 – 8.06) 19.76 (17.04 – 22.79) 6.01 (4.74 – 7.59)
Montana 10.70 (9.07 – 12.58) 11.21 (9.00 – 13.88) 23.39 (20.35 – 26.74) 8.36 (6.53 – 10.65)
Nebraska 10.18 (8.74 – 11.83) 8.94 (7.08 – 11.24) 25.16 (21.93 – 28.69) 7.47 (5.87 – 9.46)
Nevada 8.01 (6.72 – 9.53) 6.93 (5.36 – 8.91) 16.19 (13.53 – 19.25) 6.88 (5.43 – 8.67)
New Hampshire 9.09 (7.74 – 10.65) 7.54 (5.97 – 9.48) 23.21 (20.31 – 26.39) 7.10 (5.61 – 8.96)
New Jersey 6.30 (5.22 – 7.57) 5.16 (3.92 – 6.76) 16.62 (13.96 – 19.68) 4.97 (3.80 – 6.47)
New Mexico 10.01 (8.39 – 11.90) 7.73 (5.92 – 10.05) 22.68 (19.32 – 26.42) 8.01 (6.18 – 10.31)
New York 7.15 (6.39 – 7.98) 5.59 (4.76 – 6.57) 15.84 (14.37 – 17.44) 5.90 (5.01 – 6.93)
North Carolina 6.75 (5.65 – 8.04) 5.66 (4.30 – 7.42) 16.54 (13.88 – 19.60) 5.25 (4.07 – 6.75)
North Dakota 10.83 (9.37 – 12.48) 10.33 (8.33 – 12.74) 27.11 (23.60 – 30.93) 7.49 (5.86 – 9.52)
Ohio 7.90 (7.15 – 8.72) 5.80 (5.02 – 6.69) 18.54 (16.97 – 20.22) 6.36 (5.49 – 7.37)
Oklahoma 6.92 (5.77 – 8.28) 5.68 (4.34 – 7.39) 17.03 (14.29 – 20.18) 5.15 (3.94 – 6.71)
Oregon 7.37 (6.27 – 8.65) 5.84 (4.58 – 7.42) 17.83 (15.26 – 20.74) 5.79 (4.58 – 7.30)
Pennsylvania 6.93 (6.26 – 7.67) 5.34 (4.57 – 6.24) 18.08 (16.53 – 19.75) 5.33 (4.56 – 6.23)
Rhode Island 10.10 (8.61 – 11.80) 6.62 (5.08 – 8.58) 25.59 (22.12 – 29.41) 7.70 (6.07 – 9.73)
South Carolina 7.88 (6.64 – 9.32) 4.83 (3.65 – 6.37) 19.48 (16.63 – 22.69) 6.23 (4.86 – 7.96)
South Dakota 10.79 (9.34 – 12.43) 9.77 (7.75 – 12.24) 26.15 (22.83 – 29.78) 7.93 (6.33 – 9.90)
Tennessee 5.97 (4.93 – 7.21) 4.77 (3.55 – 6.38) 14.83 (12.04 – 18.13) 4.63 (3.56 – 6.00)
Texas 7.62 (6.95 – 8.34) 5.84 (5.01 – 6.81) 16.78 (15.29 – 18.39) 6.10 (5.31 – 6.99)
Utah 6.87 (5.69 – 8.28) 4.72 (3.52 – 6.31) 12.98 (10.62 – 15.78) 5.50 (4.11 – 7.32)
Vermont 7.77 (6.57 – 9.17) 6.45 (5.05 – 8.20) 19.28 (16.42 – 22.51) 5.96 (4.66 – 7.61)
Virginia 7.33 (6.11 – 8.77) 6.18 (4.78 – 7.97) 17.60 (15.00 – 20.54) 5.81 (4.46 – 7.54)
Washington 7.47 (6.33 – 8.79) 5.83 (4.46 – 7.58) 18.24 (15.56 – 21.26) 5.85 (4.60 – 7.40)
West Virginia 6.52 (5.45 – 7.78) 6.32 (4.93 – 8.07) 16.12 (13.55 – 19.08) 4.99 (3.86 – 6.42)
Wisconsin 9.53 (8.20 – 11.05) 7.19 (5.57 – 9.23) 23.30 (20.34 – 26.54) 7.39 (5.91 – 9.21)
Wyoming 9.23 (7.91 – 10.74) 7.54 (6.00 – 9.44) 23.24 (20.06 – 26.76) 6.81 (5.35 – 8.64)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.15 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 3.34   2.09   6.87   2.90  
Alabama 2.76 (2.15 – 3.53) 1.67 (1.09 – 2.56) 5.54 (4.23 – 7.21) 2.41 (1.73 – 3.35)
Alaska 3.75 (2.96 – 4.74) 2.33 (1.58 – 3.42) 7.09 (5.50 – 9.09) 3.45 (2.53 – 4.70)
Arizona 3.91 (3.06 – 4.98) 3.20 (2.13 – 4.77) 7.94 (6.11 – 10.25) 3.29 (2.35 – 4.60)
Arkansas 3.29 (2.59 – 4.16) 2.34 (1.59 – 3.44) 6.90 (5.28 – 8.96) 2.77 (2.01 – 3.82)
California 3.40 (2.93 – 3.95) 1.87 (1.43 – 2.44) 6.11 (5.24 – 7.11) 3.13 (2.57 – 3.81)
Colorado 3.73 (2.98 – 4.67) 2.51 (1.73 – 3.62) 7.74 (6.09 – 9.80) 3.20 (2.37 – 4.31)
Connecticut 2.96 (2.27 – 3.85) 1.88 (1.18 – 2.97) 6.60 (5.08 – 8.55) 2.57 (1.82 – 3.63)
Delaware 3.43 (2.73 – 4.32) 1.93 (1.30 – 2.87) 7.50 (5.83 – 9.61) 2.93 (2.15 – 3.97)
District of Columbia 4.81 (3.79 – 6.10) 1.44 (0.88 – 2.36) 6.76 (5.14 – 8.85) 4.73 (3.54 – 6.29)
Florida 2.91 (2.50 – 3.39) 1.79 (1.36 – 2.35) 6.45 (5.56 – 7.48) 2.54 (2.06 – 3.12)
Georgia 3.19 (2.51 – 4.05) 1.65 (1.05 – 2.58) 5.26 (3.93 – 7.01) 3.04 (2.24 – 4.10)
Hawaii 3.52 (2.73 – 4.54) 2.87 (1.87 – 4.37) 7.21 (5.43 – 9.51) 3.02 (2.12 – 4.30)
Idaho 3.66 (2.91 – 4.59) 2.83 (1.94 – 4.12) 7.23 (5.65 – 9.22) 3.06 (2.22 – 4.20)
Illinois 3.73 (3.24 – 4.28) 2.25 (1.77 – 2.87) 7.59 (6.63 – 8.69) 3.25 (2.67 – 3.94)
Indiana 3.17 (2.55 – 3.95) 2.19 (1.48 – 3.23) 7.47 (5.85 – 9.49) 2.52 (1.85 – 3.42)
Iowa 3.15 (2.52 – 3.93) 2.71 (1.88 – 3.88) 6.94 (5.42 – 8.83) 2.49 (1.81 – 3.42)
Kansas 2.88 (2.28 – 3.64) 1.81 (1.16 – 2.82) 6.81 (5.32 – 8.69) 2.28 (1.62 – 3.19)
Kentucky 2.81 (2.21 – 3.56) 1.92 (1.26 – 2.92) 5.98 (4.57 – 7.78) 2.37 (1.71 – 3.27)
Louisiana 3.87 (3.08 – 4.86) 2.67 (1.79 – 3.96) 7.50 (5.86 – 9.56) 3.32 (2.42 – 4.55)
Maine 3.33 (2.65 – 4.16) 2.36 (1.60 – 3.48) 8.12 (6.41 – 10.23) 2.73 (2.01 – 3.71)
Maryland 3.63 (2.87 – 4.59) 1.94 (1.29 – 2.93) 6.20 (4.74 – 8.07) 3.46 (2.57 – 4.64)
Massachusetts 3.95 (3.15 – 4.95) 2.89 (2.02 – 4.12) 7.45 (5.78 – 9.56) 3.52 (2.62 – 4.71)
Michigan 3.80 (3.30 – 4.38) 2.26 (1.79 – 2.84) 7.73 (6.78 – 8.80) 3.34 (2.74 – 4.07)
Minnesota 3.56 (2.86 – 4.43) 2.57 (1.78 – 3.68) 7.62 (5.96 – 9.69) 2.97 (2.20 – 4.00)
Mississippi 3.11 (2.36 – 4.08) 1.37 (0.84 – 2.23) 5.05 (3.69 – 6.89) 2.98 (2.11 – 4.21)
Missouri 3.17 (2.55 – 3.94) 1.87 (1.26 – 2.78) 7.60 (5.98 – 9.62) 2.57 (1.88 – 3.49)
Montana 4.43 (3.49 – 5.62) 4.75 (3.28 – 6.82) 9.64 (7.66 – 12.08) 3.46 (2.42 – 4.92)
Nebraska 3.85 (3.09 – 4.80) 2.85 (1.95 – 4.16) 7.99 (6.22 – 10.20) 3.20 (2.36 – 4.33)
Nevada 3.44 (2.73 – 4.34) 2.23 (1.50 – 3.31) 6.84 (5.31 – 8.79) 3.07 (2.27 – 4.14)
New Hampshire 3.48 (2.79 – 4.34) 2.32 (1.56 – 3.43) 7.69 (6.10 – 9.65) 2.98 (2.20 – 4.03)
New Jersey 2.97 (2.29 – 3.85) 1.81 (1.18 – 2.77) 6.57 (5.03 – 8.53) 2.61 (1.85 – 3.67)
New Mexico 4.05 (3.20 – 5.11) 2.72 (1.75 – 4.21) 9.90 (7.67 – 12.69) 3.17 (2.25 – 4.45)
New York 3.60 (3.10 – 4.17) 2.17 (1.70 – 2.78) 6.48 (5.57 – 7.52) 3.30 (2.71 – 4.02)
North Carolina 3.05 (2.39 – 3.89) 1.93 (1.26 – 2.93) 6.13 (4.71 – 7.93) 2.69 (1.95 – 3.70)
North Dakota 3.75 (3.02 – 4.65) 3.25 (2.27 – 4.64) 8.42 (6.67 – 10.58) 2.84 (2.04 – 3.93)
Ohio 3.39 (2.91 – 3.95) 1.72 (1.30 – 2.27) 7.87 (6.89 – 8.98) 2.85 (2.28 – 3.56)
Oklahoma 2.86 (2.27 – 3.61) 2.02 (1.37 – 2.99) 6.61 (5.09 – 8.53) 2.26 (1.62 – 3.14)
Oregon 3.31 (2.65 – 4.14) 2.13 (1.44 – 3.14) 7.26 (5.76 – 9.12) 2.80 (2.07 – 3.78)
Pennsylvania 2.90 (2.48 – 3.40) 1.89 (1.46 – 2.43) 6.56 (5.67 – 7.58) 2.44 (1.95 – 3.06)
Rhode Island 4.39 (3.46 – 5.57) 2.41 (1.55 – 3.72) 10.70 (8.55 – 13.32) 3.49 (2.46 – 4.93)
South Carolina 3.64 (2.89 – 4.56) 1.76 (1.17 – 2.64) 7.93 (6.24 – 10.04) 3.13 (2.29 – 4.26)
South Dakota 4.50 (3.57 – 5.67) 3.86 (2.66 – 5.56) 8.72 (6.86 – 11.02) 3.77 (2.72 – 5.20)
Tennessee 2.71 (2.09 – 3.52) 1.71 (1.07 – 2.73) 5.87 (4.39 – 7.82) 2.31 (1.63 – 3.26)
Texas 3.11 (2.70 – 3.58) 1.93 (1.48 – 2.51) 6.69 (5.79 – 7.73) 2.60 (2.11 – 3.18)
Utah 3.14 (2.50 – 3.92) 1.77 (1.17 – 2.69) 5.61 (4.30 – 7.31) 2.67 (1.94 – 3.66)
Vermont 3.25 (2.57 – 4.12) 2.90 (1.98 – 4.23) 7.10 (5.52 – 9.08) 2.64 (1.88 – 3.68)
Virginia 3.48 (2.78 – 4.35) 2.60 (1.79 – 3.76) 7.38 (5.79 – 9.35) 2.96 (2.17 – 4.02)
Washington 3.16 (2.51 – 3.96) 2.19 (1.45 – 3.30) 7.44 (5.86 – 9.41) 2.56 (1.86 – 3.51)
West Virginia 2.74 (2.13 – 3.52) 2.30 (1.51 – 3.51) 6.01 (4.53 – 7.94) 2.26 (1.61 – 3.17)
Wisconsin 3.64 (2.93 – 4.53) 2.27 (1.53 – 3.35) 8.56 (6.83 – 10.68) 2.95 (2.17 – 4.00)
Wyoming 3.57 (2.84 – 4.47) 2.40 (1.62 – 3.54) 8.17 (6.38 – 10.40) 2.87 (2.08 – 3.94)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.16 Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 2.95   5.35   8.02   1.74  
Alabama 2.68 (2.18 – 3.30) 4.67 (3.57 – 6.09) 6.53 (5.11 – 8.32) 1.73 (1.22 – 2.45)
Alaska 3.13 (2.59 – 3.78) 6.31 (4.94 – 8.03) 8.57 (6.80 – 10.75) 1.62 (1.11 – 2.36)
Arizona 3.35 (2.72 – 4.13) 6.83 (5.24 – 8.87) 8.15 (6.43 – 10.27) 1.98 (1.37 – 2.86)
Arkansas 2.96 (2.42 – 3.60) 5.13 (3.95 – 6.64) 7.94 (6.24 – 10.05) 1.77 (1.26 – 2.49)
California 3.01 (2.63 – 3.43) 4.93 (4.19 – 5.80) 7.82 (6.79 – 8.98) 1.84 (1.44 – 2.34)
Colorado 3.23 (2.66 – 3.93) 5.02 (3.77 – 6.66) 10.20 (8.19 – 12.64) 1.78 (1.25 – 2.52)
Connecticut 2.88 (2.33 – 3.54) 5.41 (4.17 – 7.01) 9.20 (7.40 – 11.39) 1.62 (1.10 – 2.39)
Delaware 3.03 (2.50 – 3.68) 5.26 (4.06 – 6.80) 8.03 (6.41 – 10.03) 1.89 (1.36 – 2.62)
District of Columbia 3.96 (3.10 – 5.05) 4.30 (3.18 – 5.80) 8.72 (6.79 – 11.14) 2.99 (2.08 – 4.29)
Florida 3.12 (2.72 – 3.56) 5.77 (4.94 – 6.73) 8.41 (7.37 – 9.60) 2.04 (1.62 – 2.57)
Georgia 2.88 (2.31 – 3.58) 4.93 (3.77 – 6.44) 6.35 (4.85 – 8.26) 1.95 (1.38 – 2.76)
Hawaii 2.75 (2.19 – 3.43) 5.77 (4.38 – 7.57) 8.13 (6.27 – 10.48) 1.48 (0.96 – 2.27)
Idaho 2.93 (2.42 – 3.55) 6.02 (4.68 – 7.70) 7.66 (5.99 – 9.76) 1.46 (1.02 – 2.09)
Illinois 2.81 (2.48 – 3.17) 5.36 (4.56 – 6.29) 7.69 (6.72 – 8.79) 1.59 (1.24 – 2.03)
Indiana 2.84 (2.33 – 3.44) 4.68 (3.50 – 6.22) 7.88 (6.28 – 9.85) 1.64 (1.17 – 2.31)
Iowa 2.52 (2.01 – 3.15) 4.81 (3.62 – 6.35) 6.61 (5.02 – 8.65) 1.44 (0.98 – 2.12)
Kansas 2.52 (2.01 – 3.15) 4.35 (3.19 – 5.89) 6.66 (5.16 – 8.57) 1.44 (0.97 – 2.14)
Kentucky 2.80 (2.28 – 3.43) 5.24 (4.03 – 6.77) 7.41 (5.77 – 9.48) 1.69 (1.19 – 2.38)
Louisiana 3.34 (2.73 – 4.07) 5.07 (3.94 – 6.50) 7.63 (6.02 – 9.63) 2.21 (1.58 – 3.09)
Maine 2.94 (2.41 – 3.58) 5.66 (4.40 – 7.27) 9.78 (7.92 – 12.03) 1.57 (1.09 – 2.27)
Maryland 3.02 (2.45 – 3.73) 5.22 (3.98 – 6.82) 9.15 (7.17 – 11.61) 1.75 (1.22 – 2.52)
Massachusetts 3.63 (2.97 – 4.44) 6.44 (5.01 – 8.23) 11.41 (9.11 – 14.20) 2.05 (1.43 – 2.93)
Michigan 2.99 (2.63 – 3.39) 6.16 (5.31 – 7.13) 7.52 (6.60 – 8.56) 1.75 (1.36 – 2.24)
Minnesota 2.75 (2.24 – 3.38) 5.73 (4.44 – 7.37) 7.45 (5.80 – 9.52) 1.48 (1.00 – 2.17)
Mississippi 2.85 (2.28 – 3.56) 4.23 (3.20 – 5.59) 6.79 (5.25 – 8.72) 1.84 (1.26 – 2.69)
Missouri 3.01 (2.47 – 3.66) 5.13 (3.98 – 6.60) 8.54 (6.86 – 10.58) 1.74 (1.22 – 2.46)
Montana 3.19 (2.62 – 3.88) 7.18 (5.57 – 9.22) 8.48 (6.80 – 10.52) 1.69 (1.15 – 2.45)
Nebraska 2.84 (2.34 – 3.46) 5.92 (4.60 – 7.58) 7.04 (5.50 – 8.96) 1.59 (1.11 – 2.28)
Nevada 2.98 (2.41 – 3.68) 5.98 (4.60 – 7.74) 8.03 (6.35 – 10.12) 1.78 (1.23 – 2.59)
New Hampshire 3.37 (2.79 – 4.08) 6.95 (5.41 – 8.89) 11.18 (9.05 – 13.73) 1.67 (1.15 – 2.41)
New Jersey 2.69 (2.16 – 3.33) 5.06 (3.84 – 6.64) 7.82 (6.12 – 9.95) 1.65 (1.16 – 2.35)
New Mexico 3.81 (3.06 – 4.74) 6.05 (4.52 – 8.06) 11.15 (8.81 – 14.02) 2.09 (1.40 – 3.11)
New York 3.03 (2.66 – 3.45) 5.28 (4.51 – 6.18) 8.87 (7.82 – 10.05) 1.78 (1.39 – 2.27)
North Carolina 2.94 (2.39 – 3.61) 5.67 (4.38 – 7.31) 7.39 (5.89 – 9.23) 1.83 (1.28 – 2.60)
North Dakota 2.79 (2.28 – 3.40) 5.89 (4.57 – 7.56) 7.33 (5.66 – 9.43) 1.41 (0.97 – 2.04)
Ohio 2.93 (2.61 – 3.30) 5.61 (4.83 – 6.51) 8.36 (7.37 – 9.47) 1.63 (1.28 – 2.08)
Oklahoma 2.85 (2.33 – 3.49) 5.13 (3.97 – 6.61) 7.89 (6.14 – 10.07) 1.56 (1.08 – 2.24)
Oregon 3.05 (2.50 – 3.71) 5.27 (4.06 – 6.81) 9.44 (7.63 – 11.64) 1.67 (1.15 – 2.42)
Pennsylvania 2.60 (2.28 – 2.97) 5.11 (4.36 – 5.97) 7.76 (6.76 – 8.88) 1.44 (1.11 – 1.87)
Rhode Island 3.90 (3.15 – 4.81) 6.15 (4.66 – 8.08) 12.71 (10.26 – 15.64) 2.02 (1.34 – 3.02)
South Carolina 2.85 (2.32 – 3.51) 4.67 (3.53 – 6.15) 7.87 (6.25 – 9.88) 1.72 (1.20 – 2.45)
South Dakota 2.67 (2.20 – 3.23) 5.83 (4.50 – 7.52) 7.10 (5.55 – 9.05) 1.32 (0.92 – 1.91)
Tennessee 2.80 (2.24 – 3.50) 4.85 (3.70 – 6.34) 7.08 (5.40 – 9.23) 1.82 (1.27 – 2.59)
Texas 2.73 (2.38 – 3.14) 5.14 (4.35 – 6.07) 6.89 (5.94 – 7.98) 1.53 (1.17 – 2.01)
Utah 2.85 (2.32 – 3.50) 4.75 (3.56 – 6.30) 5.98 (4.55 – 7.81) 1.57 (1.08 – 2.28)
Vermont 3.63 (3.04 – 4.33) 7.86 (6.14 – 10.02) 12.03 (9.82 – 14.67) 1.62 (1.11 – 2.35)
Virginia 3.03 (2.50 – 3.68) 5.67 (4.32 – 7.41) 8.55 (6.84 – 10.63) 1.79 (1.27 – 2.51)
Washington 3.29 (2.75 – 3.93) 6.05 (4.65 – 7.84) 10.50 (8.58 – 12.80) 1.67 (1.19 – 2.34)
West Virginia 2.96 (2.43 – 3.60) 5.58 (4.30 – 7.22) 9.27 (7.45 – 11.49) 1.64 (1.15 – 2.32)
Wisconsin 2.71 (2.21 – 3.32) 5.86 (4.51 – 7.57) 7.28 (5.69 – 9.25) 1.45 (1.00 – 2.12)
Wyoming 2.64 (2.15 – 3.24) 4.53 (3.43 – 5.97) 8.18 (6.41 – 10.38) 1.32 (0.88 – 1.97)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.17 Any Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 1.91   2.97   5.36   1.16  
Alabama 1.77 (1.39 – 2.25) 2.56 (1.86 – 3.52) 4.65 (3.50 – 6.15) 1.15 (0.77 – 1.71)
Alaska 2.08 (1.67 – 2.59) 3.33 (2.48 – 4.46) 6.00 (4.57 – 7.85) 1.18 (0.79 – 1.77)
Arizona 1.98 (1.58 – 2.48) 3.77 (2.71 – 5.21) 5.88 (4.45 – 7.72) 1.02 (0.67 – 1.56)
Arkansas 1.95 (1.55 – 2.45) 2.97 (2.17 – 4.06) 5.29 (3.96 – 7.04) 1.22 (0.83 – 1.79)
California 1.88 (1.60 – 2.20) 2.62 (2.11 – 3.25) 5.22 (4.41 – 6.16) 1.15 (0.86 – 1.55)
Colorado 2.01 (1.60 – 2.52) 2.78 (2.02 – 3.82) 6.46 (4.93 – 8.42) 1.13 (0.76 – 1.69)
Connecticut 1.86 (1.46 – 2.35) 2.89 (2.10 – 3.98) 6.08 (4.67 – 7.88) 1.11 (0.73 – 1.68)
Delaware 1.98 (1.57 – 2.50) 2.87 (2.12 – 3.89) 5.65 (4.28 – 7.43) 1.23 (0.84 – 1.80)
District of Columbia 2.95 (2.24 – 3.87) 2.06 (1.41 – 3.00) 6.26 (4.73 – 8.26) 2.37 (1.59 – 3.52)
Florida 2.02 (1.72 – 2.39) 3.20 (2.61 – 3.91) 5.83 (4.96 – 6.83) 1.34 (1.01 – 1.77)
Georgia 1.86 (1.43 – 2.42) 2.73 (1.97 – 3.77) 3.89 (2.78 – 5.42) 1.37 (0.90 – 2.07)
Hawaii 1.70 (1.30 – 2.22) 2.87 (2.02 – 4.05) 5.39 (3.91 – 7.38) 0.96 (0.58 – 1.56)
Idaho 1.79 (1.41 – 2.27) 3.18 (2.34 – 4.30) 4.67 (3.44 – 6.31) 0.97 (0.63 – 1.48)
Illinois 1.89 (1.61 – 2.22) 3.26 (2.66 – 3.99) 5.00 (4.24 – 5.88) 1.15 (0.86 – 1.55)
Indiana 1.85 (1.48 – 2.31) 2.80 (2.05 – 3.82) 5.21 (3.95 – 6.85) 1.10 (0.74 – 1.62)
Iowa 1.61 (1.26 – 2.07) 2.53 (1.79 – 3.57) 4.51 (3.34 – 6.07) 0.94 (0.62 – 1.43)
Kansas 1.67 (1.31 – 2.14) 2.66 (1.89 – 3.73) 4.66 (3.47 – 6.22) 0.95 (0.62 – 1.45)
Kentucky 1.91 (1.51 – 2.42) 3.31 (2.45 – 4.47) 4.94 (3.72 – 6.54) 1.21 (0.81 – 1.79)
Louisiana 2.17 (1.69 – 2.77) 2.67 (1.94 – 3.68) 5.07 (3.85 – 6.66) 1.51 (1.00 – 2.26)
Maine 1.74 (1.41 – 2.16) 2.90 (2.12 – 3.96) 6.39 (4.98 – 8.16) 0.90 (0.61 – 1.34)
Maryland 2.00 (1.59 – 2.52) 2.95 (2.16 – 4.03) 5.85 (4.47 – 7.63) 1.26 (0.86 – 1.86)
Massachusetts 2.43 (1.93 – 3.05) 3.46 (2.53 – 4.72) 8.33 (6.39 – 10.79) 1.36 (0.91 – 2.02)
Michigan 1.93 (1.65 – 2.24) 3.34 (2.77 – 4.01) 5.16 (4.38 – 6.07) 1.16 (0.87 – 1.56)
Minnesota 1.76 (1.41 – 2.21) 3.42 (2.55 – 4.58) 5.02 (3.74 – 6.71) 0.94 (0.63 – 1.41)
Mississippi 1.84 (1.45 – 2.33) 2.49 (1.81 – 3.41) 4.25 (3.11 – 5.79) 1.25 (0.85 – 1.85)
Missouri 1.88 (1.50 – 2.35) 2.94 (2.17 – 3.97) 5.55 (4.28 – 7.18) 1.08 (0.72 – 1.62)
Montana 1.90 (1.51 – 2.38) 3.62 (2.67 – 4.88) 5.37 (4.09 – 7.03) 1.03 (0.68 – 1.57)
Nebraska 1.93 (1.52 – 2.44) 3.47 (2.53 – 4.74) 4.68 (3.47 – 6.30) 1.17 (0.77 – 1.77)
Nevada 1.91 (1.50 – 2.44) 3.41 (2.50 – 4.63) 5.52 (4.16 – 7.29) 1.15 (0.75 – 1.75)
New Hampshire 2.07 (1.66 – 2.59) 3.19 (2.34 – 4.34) 7.36 (5.70 – 9.44) 1.10 (0.73 – 1.65)
New Jersey 1.72 (1.36 – 2.17) 2.80 (2.05 – 3.80) 5.52 (4.16 – 7.29) 1.04 (0.69 – 1.56)
New Mexico 2.11 (1.66 – 2.68) 3.12 (2.19 – 4.41) 6.94 (5.10 – 9.37) 1.05 (0.68 – 1.61)
New York 2.10 (1.79 – 2.45) 3.18 (2.62 – 3.85) 6.03 (5.17 – 7.03) 1.31 (0.99 – 1.73)
North Carolina 1.89 (1.49 – 2.40) 3.30 (2.43 – 4.47) 4.96 (3.72 – 6.60) 1.19 (0.80 – 1.77)
North Dakota 1.69 (1.32 – 2.15) 3.17 (2.30 – 4.35) 4.35 (3.15 – 5.97) 0.92 (0.59 – 1.44)
Ohio 1.97 (1.69 – 2.28) 2.83 (2.33 – 3.44) 5.76 (4.94 – 6.72) 1.19 (0.91 – 1.56)
Oklahoma 1.88 (1.49 – 2.37) 2.89 (2.10 – 3.96) 5.55 (4.20 – 7.31) 1.03 (0.68 – 1.55)
Oregon 2.02 (1.59 – 2.57) 2.46 (1.77 – 3.41) 6.22 (4.76 – 8.09) 1.25 (0.83 – 1.89)
Pennsylvania 1.68 (1.45 – 1.96) 2.90 (2.40 – 3.51) 5.06 (4.31 – 5.93) 0.98 (0.73 – 1.31)
Rhode Island 2.63 (2.02 – 3.41) 3.62 (2.63 – 4.96) 8.27 (6.36 – 10.70) 1.48 (0.92 – 2.37)
South Carolina 1.75 (1.36 – 2.24) 2.55 (1.85 – 3.49) 4.37 (3.26 – 5.84) 1.17 (0.79 – 1.74)
South Dakota 1.66 (1.31 – 2.09) 3.01 (2.21 – 4.10) 4.47 (3.34 – 5.95) 0.90 (0.59 – 1.38)
Tennessee 1.83 (1.43 – 2.35) 2.95 (2.15 – 4.03) 4.74 (3.45 – 6.48) 1.20 (0.81 – 1.78)
Texas 1.71 (1.48 – 1.99) 2.85 (2.32 – 3.50) 4.68 (3.93 – 5.57) 0.95 (0.70 – 1.29)
Utah 1.77 (1.37 – 2.28) 2.62 (1.86 – 3.68) 3.67 (2.61 – 5.13) 1.05 (0.69 – 1.61)
Vermont 2.16 (1.75 – 2.66) 3.62 (2.70 – 4.85) 7.57 (5.85 – 9.74) 1.03 (0.68 – 1.55)
Virginia 1.99 (1.56 – 2.53) 2.99 (2.18 – 4.09) 5.65 (4.29 – 7.42) 1.26 (0.84 – 1.88)
Washington 2.12 (1.71 – 2.63) 3.08 (2.26 – 4.19) 6.90 (5.35 – 8.84) 1.17 (0.79 – 1.73)
West Virginia 1.86 (1.48 – 2.35) 3.11 (2.25 – 4.27) 6.03 (4.62 – 7.84) 1.05 (0.70 – 1.57)
Wisconsin 1.73 (1.37 – 2.19) 3.08 (2.24 – 4.23) 4.78 (3.59 – 6.35) 1.00 (0.65 – 1.53)
Wyoming 1.71 (1.35 – 2.18) 2.67 (1.95 – 3.66) 5.18 (3.88 – 6.88) 0.92 (0.59 – 1.41)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.18 Dependence on or Abuse of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 9.22   8.89   21.37   7.15  
Alabama 7.40 (6.23 – 8.76) 7.14 (5.67 – 8.96) 16.46 (14.04 – 19.22) 5.83 (4.55 – 7.44)
Alaska 10.41 (8.98 – 12.04) 9.45 (7.67 – 11.58) 23.91 (20.86 – 27.26) 8.31 (6.67 – 10.31)
Arizona 11.04 (9.48 – 12.82) 10.62 (8.56 – 13.10) 23.42 (20.37 – 26.77) 8.87 (7.10 – 11.04)
Arkansas 9.10 (7.83 – 10.55) 9.02 (7.29 – 11.11) 21.53 (18.60 – 24.78) 6.90 (5.51 – 8.62)
California 9.00 (8.23 – 9.85) 8.27 (7.25 – 9.42) 19.40 (17.76 – 21.14) 7.21 (6.28 – 8.26)
Colorado 10.81 (9.36 – 12.45) 9.24 (7.44 – 11.41) 25.03 (21.90 – 28.44) 8.55 (6.93 – 10.49)
Connecticut 8.80 (7.51 – 10.30) 8.95 (7.20 – 11.07) 22.74 (19.75 – 26.04) 6.76 (5.32 – 8.55)
Delaware 9.29 (8.03 – 10.72) 8.74 (7.09 – 10.75) 21.46 (18.46 – 24.80) 7.26 (5.87 – 8.96)
District of Columbia 11.87 (10.13 – 13.86) 5.95 (4.54 – 7.76) 21.16 (18.03 – 24.67) 10.56 (8.56 – 12.96)
Florida 8.80 (8.02 – 9.64) 8.85 (7.84 – 9.98) 21.29 (19.66 – 23.01) 7.01 (6.12 – 8.01)
Georgia 9.11 (7.79 – 10.63) 7.82 (6.17 – 9.85) 19.07 (16.27 – 22.22) 7.49 (5.99 – 9.32)
Hawaii 9.15 (7.82 – 10.67) 9.95 (8.02 – 12.29) 23.25 (20.12 – 26.71) 6.79 (5.31 – 8.64)
Idaho 9.75 (8.46 – 11.22) 10.91 (8.92 – 13.29) 21.24 (18.39 – 24.39) 7.19 (5.76 – 8.95)
Illinois 10.11 (9.27 – 11.01) 9.05 (8.01 – 10.21) 23.32 (21.65 – 25.08) 7.92 (6.92 – 9.04)
Indiana 9.32 (8.05 – 10.77) 8.81 (7.13 – 10.83) 23.20 (20.18 – 26.52) 6.84 (5.46 – 8.54)
Iowa 9.47 (8.22 – 10.89) 9.51 (7.71 – 11.69) 22.21 (19.24 – 25.49) 7.04 (5.65 – 8.75)
Kansas 8.33 (7.15 – 9.69) 7.33 (5.71 – 9.34) 20.75 (17.88 – 23.95) 6.07 (4.77 – 7.70)
Kentucky 8.04 (6.85 – 9.41) 8.27 (6.60 – 10.31) 18.86 (16.12 – 21.95) 6.13 (4.85 – 7.71)
Louisiana 9.70 (8.40 – 11.17) 8.67 (7.03 – 10.66) 20.91 (18.12 – 24.00) 7.60 (6.11 – 9.42)
Maine 8.81 (7.58 – 10.21) 9.07 (7.29 – 11.22) 21.37 (18.66 – 24.35) 6.89 (5.53 – 8.56)
Maryland 9.19 (7.82 – 10.77) 8.20 (6.52 – 10.26) 20.17 (17.26 – 23.44) 7.59 (6.05 – 9.48)
Massachusetts 10.71 (9.21 – 12.42) 10.82 (8.80 – 13.25) 24.13 (21.05 – 27.51) 8.55 (6.90 – 10.57)
Michigan 10.05 (9.20 – 10.97) 9.80 (8.75 – 10.95) 21.81 (20.28 – 23.42) 8.04 (7.02 – 9.20)
Minnesota 10.57 (9.18 – 12.15) 10.60 (8.77 – 12.76) 24.61 (21.41 – 28.12) 8.02 (6.47 – 9.91)
Mississippi 7.91 (6.66 – 9.36) 6.29 (4.84 – 8.13) 17.46 (14.76 – 20.54) 6.22 (4.83 – 7.98)
Missouri 9.58 (8.30 – 11.04) 9.19 (7.47 – 11.25) 23.72 (20.80 – 26.91) 7.14 (5.74 – 8.86)
Montana 12.02 (10.42 – 13.82) 15.02 (12.58 – 17.83) 26.55 (23.39 – 29.97) 9.00 (7.16 – 11.24)
Nebraska 11.07 (9.61 – 12.71) 11.75 (9.67 – 14.20) 26.52 (23.25 – 30.06) 7.98 (6.38 – 9.96)
Nevada 9.75 (8.32 – 11.41) 10.26 (8.34 – 12.58) 21.32 (18.31 – 24.68) 7.87 (6.28 – 9.82)
New Hampshire 10.90 (9.40 – 12.61) 11.69 (9.53 – 14.27) 27.70 (24.57 – 31.05) 8.18 (6.48 – 10.28)
New Jersey 7.59 (6.36 – 9.03) 8.08 (6.50 – 10.00) 19.65 (16.81 – 22.84) 5.80 (4.46 – 7.52)
New Mexico 12.04 (10.27 – 14.07) 11.74 (9.38 – 14.60) 27.35 (23.74 – 31.28) 9.24 (7.24 – 11.72)
New York 8.88 (8.06 – 9.78) 8.61 (7.59 – 9.75) 20.33 (18.71 – 22.05) 7.02 (6.05 – 8.13)
North Carolina 8.31 (7.06 – 9.76) 8.30 (6.57 – 10.43) 20.21 (17.32 – 23.46) 6.32 (4.95 – 8.03)
North Dakota 11.60 (10.04 – 13.36) 12.97 (10.73 – 15.58) 27.99 (24.69 – 31.54) 7.98 (6.24 – 10.14)
Ohio 9.56 (8.75 – 10.43) 8.99 (7.98 – 10.12) 22.42 (20.83 – 24.09) 7.43 (6.48 – 8.50)
Oklahoma 8.66 (7.43 – 10.08) 8.96 (7.26 – 11.01) 21.08 (18.13 – 24.36) 6.23 (4.89 – 7.90)
Oregon 9.25 (8.04 – 10.63) 9.35 (7.62 – 11.43) 22.35 (19.54 – 25.43) 7.02 (5.66 – 8.67)
Pennsylvania 8.30 (7.55 – 9.12) 8.45 (7.49 – 9.52) 21.57 (19.96 – 23.27) 6.14 (5.27 – 7.13)
Rhode Island 11.97 (10.33 – 13.82) 9.88 (7.84 – 12.38) 29.42 (25.85 – 33.25) 9.04 (7.23 – 11.25)
South Carolina 9.26 (7.93 – 10.79) 7.71 (6.09 – 9.72) 22.59 (19.60 – 25.89) 7.11 (5.64 – 8.93)
South Dakota 11.70 (10.21 – 13.38) 12.84 (10.58 – 15.50) 28.81 (25.46 – 32.40) 8.18 (6.53 – 10.20)
Tennessee 7.94 (6.74 – 9.34) 7.86 (6.23 – 9.87) 19.07 (16.07 – 22.48) 6.08 (4.79 – 7.68)
Texas 8.98 (8.24 – 9.78) 8.81 (7.79 – 9.95) 20.09 (18.57 – 21.70) 6.82 (5.94 – 7.83)
Utah 7.99 (6.73 – 9.45) 6.98 (5.37 – 9.03) 15.73 (13.09 – 18.78) 5.90 (4.47 – 7.76)
Vermont 9.90 (8.62 – 11.35) 11.47 (9.41 – 13.90) 24.33 (21.43 – 27.49) 7.20 (5.78 – 8.95)
Virginia 9.09 (7.73 – 10.67) 9.40 (7.50 – 11.72) 22.13 (19.17 – 25.41) 6.93 (5.44 – 8.79)
Washington 9.48 (8.22 – 10.91) 9.30 (7.48 – 11.50) 23.41 (20.53 – 26.55) 7.12 (5.74 – 8.81)
West Virginia 8.13 (6.97 – 9.47) 9.30 (7.49 – 11.50) 20.37 (17.57 – 23.48) 6.02 (4.79 – 7.55)
Wisconsin 10.65 (9.23 – 12.25) 10.09 (8.16 – 12.42) 26.38 (23.21 – 29.82) 7.91 (6.34 – 9.82)
Wyoming 10.07 (8.70 – 11.64) 9.77 (7.96 – 11.92) 25.38 (22.26 – 28.78) 7.21 (5.72 – 9.05)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.19 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 2.66   5.00   7.45   1.50  
Alabama 2.22 (1.80 – 2.73) 4.25 (3.18 – 5.66) 5.94 (4.59 – 7.67) 1.28 (0.89 – 1.84)
Alaska 3.13 (2.53 – 3.85) 5.55 (4.26 – 7.21) 8.08 (6.38 – 10.19) 1.83 (1.22 – 2.74)
Arizona 3.21 (2.59 – 3.96) 6.65 (5.04 – 8.72) 7.80 (6.12 – 9.90) 1.88 (1.28 – 2.74)
Arkansas 2.67 (2.17 – 3.28) 4.78 (3.67 – 6.20) 7.51 (5.84 – 9.61) 1.52 (1.06 – 2.19)
California 2.81 (2.46 – 3.20) 4.57 (3.84 – 5.44) 7.33 (6.28 – 8.54) 1.72 (1.35 – 2.19)
Colorado 3.04 (2.51 – 3.69) 4.72 (3.58 – 6.22) 9.68 (7.72 – 12.09) 1.66 (1.15 – 2.38)
Connecticut 2.81 (2.24 – 3.52) 5.05 (3.82 – 6.64) 8.19 (6.38 – 10.46) 1.73 (1.17 – 2.56)
Delaware 2.60 (2.11 – 3.21) 4.50 (3.42 – 5.91) 6.70 (5.14 – 8.70) 1.65 (1.16 – 2.34)
District of Columbia 3.02 (2.33 – 3.90) 3.80 (2.74 – 5.25) 8.13 (6.23 – 10.55) 1.94 (1.26 – 2.99)
Florida 2.83 (2.47 – 3.24) 5.20 (4.44 – 6.09) 7.76 (6.75 – 8.90) 1.83 (1.45 – 2.32)
Georgia 2.55 (2.07 – 3.14) 4.79 (3.65 – 6.27) 5.92 (4.52 – 7.72) 1.62 (1.13 – 2.30)
Hawaii 2.63 (2.06 – 3.34) 5.47 (4.10 – 7.27) 7.73 (5.91 – 10.05) 1.43 (0.89 – 2.29)
Idaho 2.75 (2.28 – 3.32) 5.82 (4.49 – 7.50) 7.21 (5.69 – 9.10) 1.34 (0.91 – 1.97)
Illinois 2.48 (2.19 – 2.81) 5.01 (4.28 – 5.86) 6.96 (6.04 – 8.02) 1.34 (1.04 – 1.72)
Indiana 2.52 (2.05 – 3.10) 4.14 (3.06 – 5.56) 6.96 (5.42 – 8.91) 1.47 (1.03 – 2.11)
Iowa 2.36 (1.89 – 2.96) 4.18 (3.08 – 5.64) 6.00 (4.56 – 7.85) 1.43 (0.96 – 2.12)
Kansas 2.20 (1.77 – 2.72) 3.88 (2.85 – 5.26) 6.29 (4.84 – 8.12) 1.16 (0.78 – 1.72)
Kentucky 2.56 (2.09 – 3.14) 5.02 (3.84 – 6.52) 6.98 (5.43 – 8.94) 1.49 (1.04 – 2.13)
Louisiana 2.89 (2.32 – 3.58) 4.25 (3.16 – 5.71) 6.77 (5.30 – 8.60) 1.90 (1.32 – 2.73)
Maine 2.84 (2.32 – 3.47) 5.35 (4.11 – 6.95) 8.95 (7.17 – 11.11) 1.61 (1.11 – 2.34)
Maryland 2.68 (2.20 – 3.27) 4.96 (3.78 – 6.48) 8.62 (6.80 – 10.86) 1.43 (0.99 – 2.07)
Massachusetts 3.12 (2.57 – 3.80) 6.08 (4.67 – 7.89) 10.41 (8.23 – 13.09) 1.60 (1.11 – 2.31)
Michigan 2.60 (2.29 – 2.94) 5.88 (5.05 – 6.83) 7.19 (6.28 – 8.23) 1.33 (1.02 – 1.73)
Minnesota 2.57 (2.10 – 3.14) 5.46 (4.17 – 7.11) 6.97 (5.40 – 8.95) 1.36 (0.93 – 1.99)
Mississippi 2.52 (2.03 – 3.12) 3.92 (2.89 – 5.29) 6.26 (4.80 – 8.13) 1.55 (1.07 – 2.24)
Missouri 2.78 (2.29 – 3.38) 4.66 (3.58 – 6.04) 8.01 (6.36 – 10.04) 1.60 (1.13 – 2.26)
Montana 2.90 (2.39 – 3.52) 6.42 (4.95 – 8.29) 8.02 (6.34 – 10.10) 1.49 (1.02 – 2.17)
Nebraska 2.64 (2.15 – 3.24) 5.36 (4.04 – 7.08) 6.25 (4.79 – 8.11) 1.55 (1.07 – 2.23)
Nevada 2.69 (2.19 – 3.31) 5.40 (4.09 – 7.10) 7.75 (6.06 – 9.86) 1.54 (1.06 – 2.21)
New Hampshire 3.01 (2.48 – 3.65) 6.54 (5.08 – 8.38) 10.57 (8.48 – 13.09) 1.35 (0.89 – 2.03)
New Jersey 2.27 (1.84 – 2.80) 4.64 (3.55 – 6.04) 7.07 (5.46 – 9.11) 1.28 (0.88 – 1.85)
New Mexico 3.50 (2.81 – 4.36) 5.64 (4.13 – 7.67) 10.19 (7.92 – 13.01) 1.92 (1.27 – 2.90)
New York 2.74 (2.40 – 3.11) 4.98 (4.24 – 5.84) 8.38 (7.34 – 9.56) 1.52 (1.17 – 1.96)
North Carolina 2.62 (2.11 – 3.25) 5.21 (3.94 – 6.85) 6.65 (5.12 – 8.59) 1.60 (1.11 – 2.31)
North Dakota 2.59 (2.12 – 3.17) 5.37 (4.10 – 7.00) 6.90 (5.37 – 8.82) 1.31 (0.88 – 1.93)
Ohio 2.61 (2.32 – 2.94) 5.24 (4.49 – 6.11) 7.76 (6.80 – 8.85) 1.36 (1.06 – 1.75)
Oklahoma 2.74 (2.23 – 3.36) 4.91 (3.75 – 6.42) 7.25 (5.61 – 9.32) 1.56 (1.06 – 2.28)
Oregon 2.88 (2.36 – 3.51) 5.07 (3.90 – 6.56) 9.17 (7.35 – 11.38) 1.53 (1.06 – 2.21)
Pennsylvania 2.24 (1.96 – 2.55) 4.80 (4.08 – 5.64) 7.21 (6.24 – 8.32) 1.11 (0.83 – 1.47)
Rhode Island 3.18 (2.60 – 3.88) 5.54 (4.13 – 7.40) 11.23 (8.98 – 13.97) 1.42 (0.93 – 2.14)
South Carolina 2.43 (1.97 – 2.99) 4.32 (3.21 – 5.79) 7.31 (5.66 – 9.40) 1.31 (0.90 – 1.90)
South Dakota 2.37 (1.93 – 2.91) 5.08 (3.82 – 6.73) 6.20 (4.80 – 7.98) 1.21 (0.80 – 1.81)
Tennessee 2.54 (2.03 – 3.17) 4.43 (3.30 – 5.91) 6.71 (5.03 – 8.89) 1.59 (1.10 – 2.31)
Texas 2.47 (2.17 – 2.80) 4.91 (4.16 – 5.78) 6.39 (5.50 – 7.42) 1.31 (1.00 – 1.72)
Utah 2.69 (2.16 – 3.33) 4.22 (3.08 – 5.75) 5.42 (4.12 – 7.09) 1.59 (1.08 – 2.36)
Vermont 3.39 (2.83 – 4.07) 7.19 (5.63 – 9.13) 11.52 (9.38 – 14.07) 1.49 (0.99 – 2.23)
Virginia 2.69 (2.19 – 3.30) 5.51 (4.17 – 7.24) 7.95 (6.28 – 10.01) 1.46 (0.99 – 2.14)
Washington 3.08 (2.56 – 3.71) 5.76 (4.43 – 7.47) 10.00 (8.01 – 12.42) 1.53 (1.06 – 2.19)
West Virginia 2.46 (2.04 – 2.97) 5.29 (4.06 – 6.86) 8.37 (6.64 – 10.49) 1.18 (0.82 – 1.69)
Wisconsin 2.28 (1.89 – 2.75) 5.67 (4.28 – 7.48) 6.84 (5.32 – 8.74) 0.99 (0.68 – 1.44)
Wyoming 2.46 (1.98 – 3.06) 4.23 (3.17 – 5.62) 7.82 (6.04 – 10.06) 1.19 (0.78 – 1.81)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutic (nonmedical use).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.20 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 7.19   5.59   16.89   5.73  
Alabama 5.81 (4.80 – 7.01) 4.65 (3.51 – 6.13) 13.20 (11.00 – 15.77) 4.65 (3.54 – 6.09)
Alaska 7.76 (6.45 – 9.32) 5.37 (4.15 – 6.93) 18.23 (15.61 – 21.18) 6.44 (4.91 – 8.40)
Arizona 9.02 (7.58 – 10.71) 7.16 (5.52 – 9.24) 18.75 (15.94 – 21.92) 7.54 (5.88 – 9.63)
Arkansas 7.33 (6.14 – 8.73) 6.08 (4.72 – 7.80) 17.14 (14.49 – 20.17) 5.76 (4.47 – 7.41)
California 6.95 (6.27 – 7.71) 5.05 (4.28 – 5.95) 14.54 (13.08 – 16.13) 5.84 (5.03 – 6.77)
Colorado 8.55 (7.26 – 10.03) 6.24 (4.88 – 7.95) 20.00 (17.08 – 23.27) 6.87 (5.42 – 8.66)
Connecticut 6.44 (5.33 – 7.77) 5.24 (4.00 – 6.85) 18.16 (15.53 – 21.13) 4.90 (3.68 – 6.50)
Delaware 7.09 (5.97 – 8.41) 5.50 (4.26 – 7.07) 17.19 (14.70 – 20.00) 5.56 (4.32 – 7.13)
District of Columbia 8.88 (7.37 – 10.66) 2.48 (1.69 – 3.64) 16.09 (13.40 – 19.20) 8.03 (6.28 – 10.20)
Florida 6.47 (5.79 – 7.22) 4.93 (4.20 – 5.79) 16.46 (14.92 – 18.13) 5.22 (4.45 – 6.12)
Georgia 7.07 (5.91 – 8.45) 4.68 (3.54 – 6.17) 14.94 (12.45 – 17.82) 5.99 (4.66 – 7.66)
Hawaii 7.31 (6.08 – 8.78) 6.19 (4.67 – 8.16) 17.85 (14.97 – 21.14) 5.79 (4.41 – 7.56)
Idaho 8.18 (6.96 – 9.60) 7.69 (6.07 – 9.69) 18.00 (15.36 – 20.98) 6.23 (4.85 – 7.97)
Illinois 8.31 (7.54 – 9.15) 5.84 (5.04 – 6.76) 18.98 (17.38 – 20.68) 6.77 (5.86 – 7.81)
Indiana 7.15 (6.02 – 8.47) 5.51 (4.26 – 7.10) 18.15 (15.46 – 21.21) 5.36 (4.14 – 6.91)
Iowa 7.64 (6.47 – 9.01) 7.01 (5.55 – 8.82) 18.20 (15.45 – 21.32) 5.72 (4.45 – 7.32)
Kansas 6.85 (5.75 – 8.15) 4.98 (3.71 – 6.67) 17.70 (15.06 – 20.69) 5.02 (3.80 – 6.60)
Kentucky 5.90 (4.82 – 7.20) 5.21 (4.01 – 6.76) 14.15 (11.81 – 16.86) 4.55 (3.39 – 6.07)
Louisiana 7.34 (6.20 – 8.66) 5.09 (3.94 – 6.55) 16.67 (14.15 – 19.53) 5.81 (4.51 – 7.45)
Maine 6.59 (5.46 – 7.94) 5.43 (4.23 – 6.95) 17.24 (14.62 – 20.22) 5.15 (3.92 – 6.73)
Maryland 7.09 (5.91 – 8.49) 5.19 (3.99 – 6.71) 15.17 (12.60 – 18.16) 6.08 (4.73 – 7.78)
Massachusetts 7.86 (6.58 – 9.37) 7.15 (5.62 – 9.07) 18.08 (15.29 – 21.26) 6.31 (4.89 – 8.12)
Michigan 8.05 (7.26 – 8.91) 6.22 (5.39 – 7.16) 17.31 (15.86 – 18.86) 6.70 (5.76 – 7.78)
Minnesota 8.14 (6.91 – 9.58) 6.55 (5.14 – 8.31) 19.75 (16.92 – 22.93) 6.26 (4.91 – 7.95)
Mississippi 6.17 (5.08 – 7.47) 3.47 (2.58 – 4.66) 13.69 (11.35 – 16.42) 5.06 (3.83 – 6.65)
Missouri 7.63 (6.48 – 8.97) 6.09 (4.80 – 7.69) 19.32 (16.61 – 22.36) 5.78 (4.51 – 7.38)
Montana 9.99 (8.43 – 11.80) 10.37 (8.31 – 12.87) 22.55 (19.64 – 25.74) 7.69 (5.91 – 9.95)
Nebraska 9.51 (8.14 – 11.09) 8.42 (6.70 – 10.55) 23.20 (20.14 – 26.57) 7.03 (5.49 – 8.96)
Nevada 7.83 (6.49 – 9.40) 6.80 (5.35 – 8.61) 15.54 (13.02 – 18.44) 6.75 (5.24 – 8.66)
New Hampshire 8.64 (7.28 – 10.22) 7.33 (5.77 – 9.28) 22.30 (19.37 – 25.53) 6.69 (5.17 – 8.62)
New Jersey 5.81 (4.77 – 7.06) 4.97 (3.75 – 6.56) 15.91 (13.26 – 18.96) 4.48 (3.35 – 5.96)
New Mexico 9.40 (7.87 – 11.20) 7.46 (5.73 – 9.66) 21.52 (18.32 – 25.11) 7.45 (5.68 – 9.71)
New York 6.77 (6.02 – 7.62) 5.36 (4.56 – 6.29) 15.53 (14.06 – 17.11) 5.50 (4.62 – 6.54)
North Carolina 6.31 (5.22 – 7.60) 5.34 (4.07 – 6.96) 16.04 (13.45 – 19.02) 4.80 (3.61 – 6.36)
North Dakota 9.91 (8.51 – 11.51) 9.46 (7.47 – 11.91) 25.71 (22.41 – 29.31) 6.66 (5.11 – 8.64)
Ohio 7.47 (6.73 – 8.28) 5.59 (4.83 – 6.47) 17.69 (16.21 – 19.27) 5.97 (5.10 – 6.97)
Oklahoma 6.61 (5.50 – 7.93) 5.41 (4.16 – 7.00) 16.77 (14.02 – 19.94) 4.83 (3.64 – 6.38)
Oregon 6.93 (5.82 – 8.23) 5.78 (4.53 – 7.35) 16.86 (14.35 – 19.71) 5.40 (4.19 – 6.93)
Pennsylvania 6.54 (5.87 – 7.28) 5.20 (4.46 – 6.07) 17.60 (16.10 – 19.20) 4.93 (4.15 – 5.85)
Rhode Island 9.01 (7.57 – 10.69) 6.28 (4.82 – 8.16) 23.85 (20.54 – 27.51) 6.65 (5.04 – 8.72)
South Carolina 7.38 (6.15 – 8.83) 4.50 (3.39 – 5.96) 18.58 (15.78 – 21.75) 5.78 (4.41 – 7.54)
South Dakota 9.59 (8.24 – 11.13) 8.55 (6.75 – 10.77) 24.04 (20.93 – 27.45) 6.92 (5.41 – 8.82)
Tennessee 5.70 (4.67 – 6.95) 4.62 (3.49 – 6.08) 14.41 (11.76 – 17.54) 4.38 (3.28 – 5.82)
Texas 7.43 (6.75 – 8.17) 5.65 (4.81 – 6.63) 16.62 (15.19 – 18.15) 5.91 (5.10 – 6.84)
Utah 6.33 (5.22 – 7.65) 4.71 (3.49 – 6.32) 12.89 (10.49 – 15.75) 4.71 (3.47 – 6.37)
Vermont 7.30 (6.15 – 8.64) 6.43 (5.05 – 8.15) 18.33 (15.59 – 21.43) 5.51 (4.26 – 7.10)
Virginia 7.08 (5.94 – 8.43) 6.01 (4.62 – 7.78) 17.15 (14.61 – 20.01) 5.59 (4.31 – 7.23)
Washington 7.00 (5.85 – 8.34) 5.70 (4.43 – 7.31) 17.79 (15.15 – 20.78) 5.33 (4.08 – 6.94)
West Virginia 6.17 (5.13 – 7.40) 6.31 (4.94 – 8.04) 15.53 (13.05 – 18.38) 4.64 (3.52 – 6.08)
Wisconsin 8.92 (7.60 – 10.44) 7.00 (5.42 – 8.98) 22.25 (19.34 – 25.46) 6.80 (5.34 – 8.62)
Wyoming 8.71 (7.43 – 10.19) 7.13 (5.62 – 9.00) 23.02 (19.97 – 26.37) 6.22 (4.82 – 7.99)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

Table B.21 Serious Mental Illness in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
18–25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 8.76   13.55   7.93  
Alabama 9.57 (8.11 – 11.27) 14.09 (12.07 – 16.37) 8.78 (7.17 – 10.70)
Alaska 8.46 (6.93 – 10.30) 12.76 (10.77 – 15.05) 7.74 (6.06 – 9.82)
Arizona 9.51 (7.94 – 11.36) 13.77 (11.62 – 16.26) 8.75 (7.03 – 10.83)
Arkansas 10.02 (8.51 – 11.77) 14.35 (12.23 – 16.76) 9.26 (7.59 – 11.24)
California 8.21 (7.35 – 9.18) 13.26 (11.99 – 14.65) 7.29 (6.33 – 8.38)
Colorado 8.66 (7.25 – 10.31) 13.83 (11.69 – 16.30) 7.76 (6.24 – 9.62)
Connecticut 8.11 (6.75 – 9.72) 13.32 (11.35 – 15.57) 7.35 (5.87 – 9.16)
Delaware 8.92 (7.49 – 10.60) 13.01 (11.01 – 15.30) 8.22 (6.67 – 10.10)
District of Columbia 8.59 (7.17 – 10.26) 13.32 (11.19 – 15.79) 7.66 (6.14 – 9.52)
Florida 7.94 (7.09 – 8.89) 12.86 (11.60 – 14.23) 7.24 (6.31 – 8.29)
Georgia 9.79 (8.21 – 11.63) 13.66 (11.55 – 16.07) 9.08 (7.36 – 11.17)
Hawaii 7.18 (5.92 – 8.67) 12.19 (10.07 – 14.67) 6.38 (5.02 – 8.06)
Idaho 10.45 (8.86 – 12.28) 15.35 (13.08 – 17.93) 9.43 (7.69 – 11.53)
Illinois 7.77 (6.90 – 8.74) 11.76 (10.64 – 12.99) 7.07 (6.10 – 8.18)
Indiana 9.11 (7.69 – 10.76) 14.37 (12.30 – 16.72) 8.14 (6.61 – 9.99)
Iowa 7.97 (6.74 – 9.41) 13.75 (11.68 – 16.11) 6.88 (5.55 – 8.49)
Kansas 9.13 (7.70 – 10.79) 13.70 (11.71 – 15.96) 8.24 (6.69 – 10.13)
Kentucky 10.04 (8.47 – 11.86) 15.12 (13.00 – 17.51) 9.15 (7.43 – 11.22)
Louisiana 9.01 (7.61 – 10.62) 14.02 (12.05 – 16.26) 8.00 (6.47 – 9.85)
Maine 9.79 (8.27 – 11.56) 16.55 (14.27 – 19.12) 8.78 (7.13 – 10.77)
Maryland 8.02 (6.69 – 9.58) 12.70 (10.74 – 14.95) 7.28 (5.84 – 9.04)
Massachusetts 8.74 (7.37 – 10.35) 14.66 (12.43 – 17.21) 7.80 (6.33 – 9.57)
Michigan 8.40 (7.54 – 9.35) 12.58 (11.41 – 13.84) 7.68 (6.72 – 8.76)
Minnesota 8.82 (7.41 – 10.46) 13.31 (11.28 – 15.64) 8.01 (6.47 – 9.87)
Mississippi 8.70 (7.35 – 10.28) 13.61 (11.47 – 16.07) 7.71 (6.25 – 9.49)
Missouri 10.39 (8.83 – 12.18) 15.98 (13.72 – 18.55) 9.40 (7.71 – 11.41)
Montana 9.84 (8.33 – 11.59) 15.16 (13.11 – 17.46) 8.89 (7.23 – 10.89)
Nebraska 7.75 (6.50 – 9.20) 13.36 (11.27 – 15.76) 6.66 (5.31 – 8.33)
Nevada 9.77 (8.18 – 11.63) 12.76 (10.81 – 15.02) 9.30 (7.57 – 11.37)
New Hampshire 8.80 (7.45 – 10.37) 14.82 (12.68 – 17.26) 7.86 (6.42 – 9.60)
New Jersey 7.39 (6.15 – 8.85) 12.37 (10.42 – 14.64) 6.68 (5.35 – 8.30)
New Mexico 9.65 (7.99 – 11.61) 15.02 (12.67 – 17.72) 8.65 (6.84 – 10.89)
New York 9.13 (8.16 – 10.20) 15.29 (13.91 – 16.78) 8.11 (7.05 – 9.31)
North Carolina 9.49 (7.94 – 11.31) 12.86 (10.86 – 15.17) 8.92 (7.23 – 10.97)
North Dakota 8.99 (7.63 – 10.57) 13.84 (11.73 – 16.25) 7.98 (6.50 – 9.75)
Ohio 9.30 (8.37 – 10.32) 13.87 (12.59 – 15.25) 8.51 (7.47 – 9.69)
Oklahoma 10.93 (9.23 – 12.91) 14.87 (12.64 – 17.42) 10.17 (8.26 – 12.47)
Oregon 9.80 (8.28 – 11.56) 14.40 (12.35 – 16.73) 9.02 (7.35 – 11.02)
Pennsylvania 7.58 (6.77 – 8.48) 13.34 (12.11 – 14.67) 6.65 (5.75 – 7.67)
Rhode Island 10.98 (9.19 – 13.07) 16.84 (14.37 – 19.62) 9.91 (7.96 – 12.28)
South Carolina 9.10 (7.65 – 10.80) 13.32 (11.28 – 15.66) 8.35 (6.75 – 10.30)
South Dakota 8.60 (7.23 – 10.21) 14.42 (12.27 – 16.87) 7.47 (5.97 – 9.29)
Tennessee 9.09 (7.68 – 10.74) 13.43 (11.34 – 15.83) 8.36 (6.82 – 10.22)
Texas 8.40 (7.56 – 9.32) 12.41 (11.21 – 13.71) 7.61 (6.66 – 8.68)
Utah 10.97 (9.47 – 12.69) 14.97 (12.81 – 17.42) 9.80 (8.08 – 11.84)
Vermont 8.62 (7.21 – 10.27) 13.54 (11.53 – 15.85) 7.77 (6.25 – 9.62)
Virginia 8.09 (6.72 – 9.72) 12.50 (10.60 – 14.69) 7.37 (5.89 – 9.20)
Washington 10.46 (8.93 – 12.22) 14.80 (12.75 – 17.12) 9.72 (8.02 – 11.73)
West Virginia 10.34 (8.71 – 12.22) 15.61 (13.36 – 18.16) 9.48 (7.72 – 11.60)
Wisconsin 8.69 (7.26 – 10.37) 12.45 (10.55 – 14.63) 8.02 (6.45 – 9.93)
Wyoming 9.33 (7.90 – 10.98) 15.45 (13.20 – 18.01) 8.17 (6.61 – 10.05)
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities.
NOTE: Data for Serious Mental Illness (SMI) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

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