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2004 State Estimates of Substance Use
(from the 2003-2004 National Surveys on Drug Use & Health)

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51031

ALABAMA

Table  1. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Alabama, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 258 37 87 134
     Past Year Marijuana Use 334 51 127 156
     Past Month Marijuana Use 175 25 69 81
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 135 20 42 72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 80 6 28 46
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 193 33 69 91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,901 156 164 1,581
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 37 19 16 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,457 60 260 1,137
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 711 36 174 500
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,737 166 199 1,372
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,299 67 238 994
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,030 51 200 779
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,621 243 333 2,046
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 68 12 24 32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 109 20 38 51
     Alcohol Dependence 109 7 32 70
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 222 18 68 135
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 275 28 86 161
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 92 18 34 40
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 209 17 65 127
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2948 -- 65 229
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1609 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1069 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ALABAMA

Table  2. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Alabama, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.94 9.79 17.20 4.71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.01 13.40 25.21 5.51
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.71 6.43 13.79 2.85
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.63 5.31 8.40 2.55
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.16 1.58 5.63 1.61
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.20 8.60 13.73 3.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 51.08 40.79 32.60 55.77
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.51 5.71 5.84 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 39.17 15.68 51.70 40.10
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.13 9.55 34.58 17.65
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.68 43.39 39.46 48.41
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.92 17.43 47.28 35.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.71 13.48 39.63 27.49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.45 63.65 66.01 72.16
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.82 3.08 4.73 1.14
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.94 5.20 7.52 1.81
     Alcohol Dependence 2.93 1.92 6.28 2.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.97 4.81 13.53 4.78
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.41 7.32 17.07 5.69
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.48 4.77 6.80 1.40
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.63 4.54 12.87 4.47
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.818 -- 12.96 8.06
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 25.909 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 17.169 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ALASKA

Table  3. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Alaska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 60 10 18 32
     Past Year Marijuana Use 81 13 25 43
     Past Month Marijuana Use 50 8 16 26
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 20 4 5 11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 13 1 6 5
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 29 6 9 14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 143 19 14 111
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 251 11 40 200
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 110 8 27 74
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
209 26 22 162
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 150 11 33 106
     Past Month Cigarette Use 130 9 30 91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
362 47 47 268
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 4 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 17 4 6 7
     Alcohol Dependence 17 2 5 11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 38 4 11 23
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 50 6 15 28
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 18 4 6 8
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 35 4 11 21
     Serious Psychological Distress8 388 -- 9 29
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 269 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 199 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ALASKA

Table  4. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Alaska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 11.79 14.60 25.15 8.77
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.83 18.44 36.09 11.56
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.88 12.02 23.01 7.03
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.96 5.53 7.83 2.95
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.48 2.08 8.72 1.39
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.68 8.62 12.77 3.81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.18 27.01 20.02 29.93
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.64 7.79 7.63 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.36 15.98 57.83 53.91
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.54 11.36 39.16 20.13
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.17 37.60 31.49 43.64
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.59 15.87 47.83 28.71
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.54 13.15 42.66 24.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.23 68.59 66.88 72.54
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.16 3.11 6.08 1.26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.35 6.17 8.95 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence 3.43 2.33 6.51 3.06
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.47 5.69 16.31 6.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.77 9.28 21.33 7.69
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.48 5.61 8.49 2.15
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.93 5.19 15.75 5.60
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.758 -- 13.43 7.87
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.299 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 19.049 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ARIZONA

Table  5. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Arizona, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 377 63 112 203
     Past Year Marijuana Use 478 83 163 233
     Past Month Marijuana Use 268 42 93 134
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 182 33 48 102
     Past Year Cocaine Use 150 14 54 83
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 243 42 75 125
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,826 175 175 1,476
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 48 27 17 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,261 94 359 1,807
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,095 62 268 765
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,900 181 197 1,522
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,282 73 240 969
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,128 60 228 841
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,374 326 440 2,608
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 88 19 35 34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 139 34 48 57
     Alcohol Dependence 185 14 53 117
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 433 37 120 276
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 497 55 139 302
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 130 33 45 53
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 423 36 118 270
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4578 -- 94 362
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1939 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1389 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ARIZONA

Table  6. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Arizona, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.29 12.57 17.99 5.91
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.52 16.56 26.17 6.81
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.90 8.33 14.93 3.91
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.01 6.56 7.65 2.98
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.30 2.76 8.64 2.42
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.33 8.46 12.05 3.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.19 35.12 28.21 43.09
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 6.63 5.64 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.74 18.94 57.72 52.77
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.08 12.49 43.08 22.33
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.81 36.36 31.66 44.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.21 14.60 38.68 28.29
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.83 11.96 36.64 24.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.23 65.32 70.71 76.16
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 3.74 5.57 1.00
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.06 6.88 7.74 1.66
     Alcohol Dependence 4.07 2.87 8.60 3.43
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.52 7.49 19.27 8.05
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.92 10.98 22.43 8.83
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.86 6.58 7.17 1.54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.31 7.18 18.94 7.88
     Serious Psychological Distress8 11.298 -- 15.19 10.58
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 27.469 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 19.649 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ARKANSAS

Table  7. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Arkansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 170 27 58 84
     Past Year Marijuana Use 228 34 91 103
     Past Month Marijuana Use 130 20 49 61
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 85 15 28 42
     Past Year Cocaine Use 43 4 17 23
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 124 25 44 55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,017 88 85 844
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 12 10 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 912 41 172 699
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 464 26 121 317
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
986 90 96 799
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 814 41 162 612
     Past Month Cigarette Use 674 33 143 498
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,595 150 196 1,250
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 48 7 17 23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 71 12 27 32
     Alcohol Dependence 66 4 20 41
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 149 13 49 86
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 186 20 63 104
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 65 11 25 29
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 142 13 48 81
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2008 -- 43 157
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 929 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 649 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ARKANSAS

Table  8. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Arkansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.54 11.54 18.96 4.96
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.16 14.66 29.65 6.05
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.80 8.44 16.07 3.60
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.80 6.60 9.18 2.46
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.91 1.52 5.44 1.33
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.53 10.68 14.41 3.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.34 37.95 27.58 49.53
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.57 5.75 6.38 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.66 17.55 56.04 41.05
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.67 11.06 39.53 18.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.94 38.70 31.43 46.90
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 36.29 17.40 52.78 35.90
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.02 14.21 46.46 29.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.11 64.12 63.75 73.38
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.13 3.15 5.67 1.35
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.14 5.04 8.68 1.89
     Alcohol Dependence 2.93 1.92 6.57 2.41
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.61 5.49 16.10 5.06
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.29 8.46 20.51 6.08
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.90 4.86 8.23 1.68
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.30 5.41 15.70 4.74
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.928 -- 13.95 9.20
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 25.929 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 17.979 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

CALIFORNIA

Table  9. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in California, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 2,571 387 776 1,408
     Past Year Marijuana Use 3,192 469 1,099 1,625
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,933 273 641 1,019
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,079 191 305 582
     Past Year Cocaine Use 735 52 267 417
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,486 247 443 796
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 11,437 1,100 1,048 9,290
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 320 169 139 13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 14,594 540 2,206 11,848
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 5,941 330 1,394 4,217
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
12,726 1,252 1,444 10,030
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 5,967 349 1,380 4,238
     Past Month Cigarette Use 5,141 279 1,241 3,621
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
22,250 2,147 2,864 17,240
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 609 101 247 261
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 904 175 331 398
     Alcohol Dependence 1,001 76 256 669
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 2,195 204 655 1,336
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2,682 296 819 1,568
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 861 167 313 381
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 2,123 188 642 1,293
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2,3818 -- 509 1,871
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1,2739 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 8189 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

CALIFORNIA

Table  10. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in California, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.92 12.05 19.65 6.49
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.07 14.60 27.82 7.49
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.71 8.52 16.23 4.70
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.74 5.97 7.73 2.68
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.55 1.61 6.75 1.92
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.15 7.70 11.21 3.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.64 34.28 26.52 42.84
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.83 6.10 6.67 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.59 16.81 55.85 54.63
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.60 10.27 35.29 19.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.12 39.02 36.56 46.25
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 20.69 10.88 34.94 19.54
     Past Month Cigarette Use 17.82 8.69 31.42 16.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
77.13 66.88 72.50 79.50
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.11 3.15 6.25 1.20
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.14 5.46 8.37 1.84
     Alcohol Dependence 3.47 2.36 6.47 3.09
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.61 6.36 16.59 6.16
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.30 9.22 20.72 7.23
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.99 5.22 7.91 1.76
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.36 5.86 16.25 5.96
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.298 -- 12.90 8.63
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.309 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 16.919 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

COLORADO

Table  11. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Colorado, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 379 52 117 210
     Past Year Marijuana Use 496 71 156 269
     Past Month Marijuana Use 273 38 95 140
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 173 22 48 103
     Past Year Cocaine Use 127 8 45 75
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 232 31 67 134
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,158 120 105 933
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 43 24 16 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,185 84 348 1,754
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 919 46 230 643
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,351 130 133 1,088
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,144 67 249 828
     Past Month Cigarette Use 985 51 220 714
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,681 260 321 2,100
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 79 12 29 39
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 124 20 48 56
     Alcohol Dependence 147 10 45 92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 348 26 102 220
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 409 36 123 250
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 116 19 45 52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 334 25 100 208
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3378 -- 70 267
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1949 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1209 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

COLORADO

Table  12. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Colorado, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 10.18 13.47 23.38 7.41
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.32 18.27 31.16 9.51
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.33 9.83 18.91 4.95
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.65 5.65 9.58 3.65
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.42 1.96 9.01 2.64
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.24 8.05 13.45 4.72
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.15 30.97 20.96 32.97
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.38 7.92 7.95 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.78 21.55 69.41 62.00
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.71 11.86 45.85 22.74
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.35 33.42 26.63 38.46
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.74 17.33 49.61 29.26
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.49 13.14 43.95 25.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.10 66.78 64.12 74.24
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.13 3.04 5.76 1.37
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.32 5.24 9.51 1.97
     Alcohol Dependence 3.94 2.59 8.98 3.24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.36 6.80 20.30 7.78
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.99 9.19 24.61 8.84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.10 4.94 8.96 1.82
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.96 6.49 19.96 7.36
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.138 -- 13.94 9.46
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 33.679 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.859 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

CONNECTICUT

Table  13. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Connecticut, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 247 35 89 123
     Past Year Marijuana Use 361 55 132 174
     Past Month Marijuana Use 204 26 81 97
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 93 15 29 49
     Past Year Cocaine Use 65 5 27 32
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 125 18 42 66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 979 82 70 827
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 35 21 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,750 62 248 1,440
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 701 37 163 501
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,089 108 93 888
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 781 49 155 577
     Past Month Cigarette Use 683 41 139 503
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,115 196 230 1,689
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 56 8 21 26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 87 16 35 37
     Alcohol Dependence 100 6 25 69
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 227 19 69 139
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 276 28 83 165
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 79 15 31 33
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 212 18 64 130
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2338 -- 45 187
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1499 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 989 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

CONNECTICUT

Table  14. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Connecticut, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.54 11.69 26.43 5.45
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.50 18.53 39.37 7.70
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.06 8.66 24.09 4.31
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.21 5.12 8.68 2.15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.24 1.81 8.15 1.41
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.34 5.97 12.49 2.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.84 27.86 20.70 36.59
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.15 8.53 8.07 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.52 20.86 73.79 63.74
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.26 12.42 48.56 22.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.64 36.41 27.71 39.29
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.03 16.75 46.02 25.55
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.62 13.96 41.32 22.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.14 66.44 68.41 74.72
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 2.77 6.31 1.16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.02 5.34 10.35 1.63
     Alcohol Dependence 3.47 1.97 7.54 3.06
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.87 6.44 20.65 6.14
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.56 9.57 24.79 7.29
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.74 4.92 9.26 1.48
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.33 6.09 18.92 5.76
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.968 -- 13.42 8.30
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 34.729 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 22.809 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

DELAWARE

Table  15. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Delaware, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 58 8 23 27
     Past Year Marijuana Use 73 10 29 34
     Past Month Marijuana Use 43 5 19 18
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 27 4 10 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 17 1 7 10
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 38 6 12 20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 272 23 20 229
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 345 11 59 275
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 155 7 40 108
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
268 25 27 215
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 194 10 41 143
     Past Month Cigarette Use 169 9 37 123
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
507 46 62 399
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 13 2 5 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 20 3 8 9
     Alcohol Dependence 19 1 5 13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 48 3 16 29
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 59 5 19 35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 18 3 7 8
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 44 3 15 26
     Serious Psychological Distress8 608 -- 12 48
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 329 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 219 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

DELAWARE

Table  16. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Delaware, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.56 12.00 25.60 5.15
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.78 15.10 31.65 6.59
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.26 7.47 20.97 3.54
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.94 5.61 10.52 2.58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.57 1.47 7.28 1.89
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.52 8.13 13.40 3.81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.00 33.59 22.30 43.90
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 6.59 7.33 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.67 16.95 64.91 52.58
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.78 9.93 44.60 20.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.35 37.34 29.94 41.24
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.54 15.34 44.94 27.40
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.89 13.05 41.00 23.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.52 67.68 68.45 76.46
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.98 2.80 5.94 1.18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.98 4.81 8.46 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence 2.86 1.79 6.00 2.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.03 4.87 17.32 5.52
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.70 7.56 21.15 6.69
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.63 4.28 7.54 1.56
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.47 4.60 16.39 4.99
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.758 -- 13.29 9.14
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 31.009 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.219 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table  17. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in District of Columbia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 45 3 15 26
     Past Year Marijuana Use 65 4 22 39
     Past Month Marijuana Use 35 2 14 19
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 16 1 4 11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 0 3 11
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 14 1 4 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 158 10 14 135
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 2 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 265 4 46 215
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 118 2 26 90
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
210 14 25 171
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 134 3 25 106
     Past Month Cigarette Use 122 2 22 98
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
361 21 52 287
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 12 1 4 7
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 1 6 9
     Alcohol Dependence 23 0 5 18
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 45 1 11 33
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 54 2 14 38
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 13 1 6 7
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 43 1 11 31
     Serious Psychological Distress8 438 -- 9 33
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 179 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 99 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table  18. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in District of Columbia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.56 9.67 21.85 7.20
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.81 13.28 30.87 10.59
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.41 5.88 19.93 5.15
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.35 3.84 5.54 2.88
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.91 0.57 4.09 2.90
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.07 4.35 6.33 2.33
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.57 29.24 19.59 36.63
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.76 5.91 7.00 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.13 12.25 64.98 58.43
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.93 5.55 37.20 24.34
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.62 43.36 35.01 46.58
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.49 8.97 35.71 28.88
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.91 6.71 31.41 26.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
76.51 63.92 73.97 78.13
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.52 2.08 6.06 1.88
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.46 3.95 8.30 2.49
     Alcohol Dependence 4.95 1.35 7.19 4.85
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.62 3.47 16.19 8.92
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.38 5.77 19.85 10.27
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.83 3.78 7.86 1.78
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.20 3.17 15.90 8.46
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.758 -- 13.31 9.07
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.189 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 16.519 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

FLORIDA

Table  19. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Florida, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 1,110 141 333 636
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,511 196 482 833
     Past Month Marijuana Use 840 100 274 465
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 502 70 137 295
     Past Year Cocaine Use 360 22 120 217
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 687 97 208 381
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,138 503 441 5,194
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 130 71 49 9
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 7,301 236 979 6,086
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,030 129 646 2,254
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,397 549 598 5,251
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 4,032 170 688 3,174
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,436 146 590 2,700
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
10,613 921 1,195 8,496
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 254 35 83 137
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 395 68 129 198
     Alcohol Dependence 436 25 112 299
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,014 77 274 662
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,238 115 340 784
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 375 64 120 190
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 978 74 264 641
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1,1698 -- 206 963
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 5599 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 3589 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

FLORIDA

Table  20. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Florida, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.77 10.27 20.08 5.64
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.57 14.26 29.07 7.39
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.88 7.29 16.52 4.13
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.51 5.10 8.27 2.61
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.52 1.63 7.25 1.93
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.80 7.08 12.55 3.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.88 36.56 26.58 46.05
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.44 5.93 5.94 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.01 17.17 59.01 53.97
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.18 9.37 38.96 19.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.69 39.86 36.06 46.56
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.17 12.34 41.50 28.14
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.02 10.63 35.57 23.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.15 66.93 72.07 75.34
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.78 2.52 4.99 1.21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.76 4.91 7.78 1.76
     Alcohol Dependence 3.05 1.81 6.76 2.65
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.09 5.62 16.51 5.87
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.66 8.32 20.49 6.95
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.62 4.68 7.26 1.69
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.84 5.34 15.92 5.68
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.048 -- 12.44 8.54
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 27.329 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 17.489 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

GEORGIA

Table  21. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Georgia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 560 72 171 317
     Past Year Marijuana Use 684 101 222 360
     Past Month Marijuana Use 383 48 127 208
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 274 37 77 159
     Past Year Cocaine Use 156 11 43 102
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 385 63 110 212
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,093 297 301 2,495
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 69 37 27 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,188 119 523 2,546
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,505 67 335 1,103
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,220 328 371 2,521
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,154 113 406 1,634
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,816 92 346 1,378
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
5,170 521 692 3,956
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 125 18 36 71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 197 35 61 102
     Alcohol Dependence 193 11 48 134
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 429 32 122 275
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 565 54 165 346
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 175 34 57 84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 410 31 122 256
     Serious Psychological Distress8 6758 -- 136 539
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2659 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1689 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

GEORGIA

Table  22. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Georgia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.00 9.47 17.72 6.00
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.76 13.29 22.97 6.82
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.47 6.34 13.17 3.93
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.91 4.90 7.99 3.02
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.22 1.43 4.41 1.94
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.49 8.21 11.35 4.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.14 38.94 31.13 47.28
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.68 5.61 5.06 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 45.49 15.59 54.10 48.25
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.48 8.77 34.67 20.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.96 42.94 38.41 47.78
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.74 14.84 42.02 30.97
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.91 11.99 35.78 26.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.77 68.24 71.60 74.98
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.78 2.42 3.67 1.34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.82 4.56 6.29 1.93
     Alcohol Dependence 2.75 1.48 4.93 2.53
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.12 4.13 12.61 5.22
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.06 7.01 17.07 6.56
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.50 4.40 5.92 1.60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.85 4.09 12.64 4.85
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.818 -- 14.04 10.21
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.209 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 15.389 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

HAWAII

Table  23. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Hawaii, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 81 12 23 45
     Past Year Marijuana Use 110 17 36 57
     Past Month Marijuana Use 66 10 20 36
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 29 6 8 15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 17 1 7 10
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 32 5 10 17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 393 32 35 326
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 5 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 495 17 73 405
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 232 11 54 167
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
379 39 37 303
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 231 12 47 172
     Past Month Cigarette Use 206 9 44 153
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
730 68 83 578
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 19 3 7 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 29 6 9 14
     Alcohol Dependence 34 3 9 23
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 75 7 22 46
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 90 10 27 53
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 28 6 8 14
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 71 7 21 43
     Serious Psychological Distress8 658 -- 14 51
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 409 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 299 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

HAWAII

Table  24. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Hawaii, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.96 12.27 19.10 5.71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.80 16.99 29.39 7.19
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.52 9.71 16.62 4.58
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.81 5.72 6.48 1.88
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.72 1.30 5.37 1.21
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.13 5.30 8.01 2.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.82 32.02 28.83 41.21
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.80 7.45 7.69 0.06
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.85 16.44 60.31 51.18
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.83 10.86 44.29 21.07
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.39 38.54 30.49 38.30
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 22.81 12.39 38.61 21.72
     Past Month Cigarette Use 20.34 8.96 35.98 19.39
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.98 67.50 68.44 73.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.84 2.65 5.61 1.16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.83 5.88 7.18 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.38 2.92 7.21 2.85
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.38 6.89 17.87 5.84
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.83 10.03 22.08 6.66
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.71 5.64 6.83 1.71
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.97 6.75 17.36 5.41
     Serious Psychological Distress8 7.148 -- 11.89 6.42
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.759 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 19.539 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

IDAHO

Table  25. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Idaho, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 77 13 24 40
     Past Year Marijuana Use 102 18 39 45
     Past Month Marijuana Use 54 9 19 25
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 38 6 12 20
     Past Year Cocaine Use 20 2 8 9
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 59 10 21 28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 433 47 44 342
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 13 7 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 531 22 95 414
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 237 15 67 155
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
433 48 51 334
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 299 19 74 206
     Past Month Cigarette Use 251 15 67 169
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
812 87 115 609
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 19 4 7 8
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 31 7 11 12
     Alcohol Dependence 40 4 13 24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 89 9 28 52
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 101 13 31 57
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 28 6 10 11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 85 9 26 49
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1058 -- 26 79
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 569 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 409 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

IDAHO

Table  26. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Idaho, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.94 10.24 14.31 4.91
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.18 14.21 23.19 5.50
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.83 7.29 11.26 3.13
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 5.04 6.87 2.48
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.78 1.85 4.91 1.12
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.32 8.14 12.44 3.41
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.96 36.60 26.30 41.95
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.06 6.54 5.83 0.18
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.75 17.21 56.00 50.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.31 11.64 39.73 19.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.96 37.88 30.34 40.91
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.88 14.51 44.04 25.27
     Past Month Cigarette Use 22.56 11.82 39.90 20.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.03 68.39 68.40 74.71
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.73 3.07 4.16 1.02
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.75 5.56 6.73 1.49
     Alcohol Dependence 3.59 2.75 7.44 2.93
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.99 7.28 16.40 6.37
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.04 9.91 18.53 6.95
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.54 5.08 6.21 1.39
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.61 7.12 15.58 6.04
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.668 -- 15.62 9.64
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 27.859 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 19.949 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ILLINOIS

Table  27. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Illinois, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 788 99 273 417
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,084 150 393 541
     Past Month Marijuana Use 594 69 233 292
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 337 49 103 185
     Past Year Cocaine Use 253 16 87 150
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 422 67 153 202
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,953 376 346 3,231
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 109 59 45 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,501 191 920 4,390
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,693 118 675 1,900
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
4,012 406 444 3,161
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,253 145 671 2,436
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,808 121 612 2,075
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
7,436 715 941 5,780
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 198 31 71 97
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 300 54 114 132
     Alcohol Dependence 391 23 117 252
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 919 66 290 563
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,065 94 347 624
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 271 50 106 115
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 887 63 287 538
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8278 -- 167 660
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 4989 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 3559 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

ILLINOIS

Table  28. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Illinois, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.62 9.10 19.46 5.30
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.47 13.76 28.04 6.88
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.74 6.34 16.64 3.72
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.26 4.53 7.37 2.35
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 1.43 6.20 1.91
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.08 6.18 10.90 2.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.18 34.52 24.74 41.08
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.74 6.16 6.53 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.12 17.55 65.68 55.83
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.01 10.85 48.19 24.16
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.75 37.29 31.71 40.20
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.42 13.35 47.93 30.98
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.12 11.06 43.73 26.39
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.82 65.62 67.19 73.51
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 2.80 5.07 1.23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.90 4.95 8.16 1.67
     Alcohol Dependence 3.78 2.08 8.32 3.20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.88 6.02 20.70 7.16
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.29 8.61 24.79 7.93
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.62 4.60 7.57 1.46
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.57 5.77 20.49 6.84
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.938 -- 11.90 8.39
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.359 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.659 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

INDIANA

Table  29. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Indiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 377 56 131 190
     Past Year Marijuana Use 527 74 204 249
     Past Month Marijuana Use 285 42 105 139
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 180 29 61 90
     Past Year Cocaine Use 121 10 48 64
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 277 45 102 129
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,090 198 171 1,721
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 54 27 23 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,403 89 436 1,878
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,102 56 309 736
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,057 207 214 1,636
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,640 79 343 1,218
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,391 69 302 1,020
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,621 350 469 2,803
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 103 15 41 47
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 154 27 62 65
     Alcohol Dependence 169 12 54 103
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 382 31 128 223
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 460 45 158 257
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 135 25 54 55
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 355 30 121 205
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4678 -- 98 369
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2189 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1519 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

INDIANA

Table  30. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Indiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.41 10.26 18.36 4.99
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.35 13.55 28.64 6.52
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.59 7.61 14.70 3.63
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.53 5.30 8.56 2.35
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.37 1.75 6.68 1.67
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.44 8.31 14.40 3.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.23 36.31 24.06 45.09
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.80 5.76 7.33 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.37 16.20 61.28 49.22
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.70 10.32 43.47 19.30
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.56 37.95 30.12 42.86
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.32 14.45 48.20 31.92
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.40 12.59 42.48 26.73
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.39 64.07 65.86 73.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.02 2.77 5.75 1.23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.02 4.85 8.74 1.71
     Alcohol Dependence 3.32 2.17 7.54 2.71
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.51 5.64 18.00 5.85
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.04 8.18 22.27 6.73
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.64 4.62 7.59 1.45
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.99 5.43 16.95 5.38
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.318 -- 13.75 9.68
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.749 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 18.609 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

IOWA

Table  31. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Iowa, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 161 21 58 82
     Past Year Marijuana Use 231 30 96 105
     Past Month Marijuana Use 116 16 46 54
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 77 11 26 41
     Past Year Cocaine Use 54 4 22 28
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 90 14 35 40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,018 99 89 830
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 27 12 14 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,328 48 252 1,028
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 699 34 193 472
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
830 79 86 665
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 778 36 179 563
     Past Month Cigarette Use 668 32 156 479
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,680 159 225 1,296
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 41 6 15 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 67 11 26 31
     Alcohol Dependence 88 6 30 52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 232 18 83 131
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 258 23 91 145
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 61 9 24 27
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 217 16 79 122
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2098 -- 49 160
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1379 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1079 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

IOWA

Table  32. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Iowa, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.52 8.77 16.26 4.39
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.35 12.15 27.06 5.65
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.70 6.38 13.09 2.90
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.15 4.47 7.29 2.19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.21 1.69 6.29 1.51
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.66 5.95 9.96 2.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.44 40.60 25.08 44.63
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.67 5.26 7.52 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.04 19.60 71.26 55.26
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.42 14.08 54.55 25.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
33.78 32.36 24.41 35.74
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.64 14.70 50.64 30.25
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.14 13.21 44.09 25.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.34 65.11 63.48 69.67
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.68 2.35 4.13 1.13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.73 4.35 7.35 1.65
     Alcohol Dependence 3.57 2.40 8.56 2.78
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.42 7.31 23.33 7.07
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.49 9.29 25.61 7.79
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.47 3.90 6.80 1.46
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.82 6.53 22.38 6.56
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.448 -- 13.87 8.60
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 35.609 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 27.679 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

KANSAS

Table  33. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Kansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 148 25 52 71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 203 33 78 93
     Past Month Marijuana Use 111 18 44 49
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 69 12 22 34
     Past Year Cocaine Use 45 4 20 22
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 94 16 34 45
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 965 98 83 784
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 26 13 12 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,077 46 214 816
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 539 32 156 352
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
888 93 87 708
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 742 41 162 539
     Past Month Cigarette Use 618 35 139 444
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,579 153 209 1,217
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 40 6 16 18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 60 11 23 25
     Alcohol Dependence 72 6 24 43
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 181 17 67 97
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 205 22 75 108
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 52 10 22 20
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 172 16 64 91
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1928 -- 48 144
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1199 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 899 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

KANSAS

Table  34. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Kansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.66 10.39 16.00 4.29
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.17 13.84 23.96 5.60
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.02 7.63 13.60 2.97
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.10 5.23 6.91 2.05
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.04 1.55 6.17 1.30
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.23 6.63 10.33 2.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.51 41.37 25.68 47.32
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.84 6.04 7.71 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.54 19.47 66.03 49.30
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.32 13.27 48.12 21.25
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.05 39.23 26.88 42.75
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.44 17.34 49.89 32.53
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.87 14.89 42.90 26.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.20 64.53 64.29 73.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.80 2.41 5.03 1.09
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.69 4.80 7.19 1.50
     Alcohol Dependence 3.27 2.41 7.46 2.57
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.15 7.13 20.67 5.84
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.26 9.39 23.06 6.54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.35 4.31 6.70 1.22
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.76 6.81 19.85 5.53
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.718 -- 14.86 8.70
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 32.199 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.119 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

KENTUCKY

Table  35. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Kentucky, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 294 41 90 163
     Past Year Marijuana Use 361 54 111 195
     Past Month Marijuana Use 219 29 70 120
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 138 22 44 72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 84 6 30 48
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 215 37 72 107
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,408 132 126 1,150
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 20 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,380 66 260 1,054
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 686 40 183 463
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,362 126 150 1,086
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,328 82 254 992
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,133 63 221 849
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,182 216 260 1,706
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 74 10 25 39
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 105 16 37 52
     Alcohol Dependence 98 6 27 64
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 220 18 64 137
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 287 27 82 178
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 98 16 35 48
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 212 18 62 132
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3578 -- 69 288
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1549 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1019 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

KENTUCKY

Table  36. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Kentucky, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.63 12.27 19.76 6.24
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.60 16.08 24.57 7.48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.44 8.75 15.47 4.58
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.06 6.56 9.78 2.76
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.47 1.67 6.71 1.84
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.31 10.92 15.81 4.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.40 39.21 27.77 44.04
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.75 7.31 5.39 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.55 19.53 57.39 40.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.15 11.77 40.39 17.73
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.05 37.32 33.22 41.59
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 39.02 24.30 56.08 37.97
     Past Month Cigarette Use 33.31 18.82 48.70 32.51
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
64.17 64.12 57.48 65.33
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.16 2.93 5.55 1.48
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.09 4.85 8.21 1.98
     Alcohol Dependence 2.87 1.78 6.01 2.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.45 5.43 14.10 5.26
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.43 8.05 18.14 6.80
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.89 4.62 7.66 1.84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.24 5.37 13.70 5.06
     Serious Psychological Distress8 11.658 -- 15.19 11.04
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.029 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 19.719 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

LOUISIANA

Table  37. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Louisiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 278 41 100 138
     Past Year Marijuana Use 325 50 128 146
     Past Month Marijuana Use 191 26 81 84
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 142 23 44 75
     Past Year Cocaine Use 90 6 31 53
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 187 32 72 83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,658 149 153 1,356
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 41 21 18 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,674 74 324 1,276
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 892 44 214 633
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,500 155 188 1,157
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,186 60 247 880
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,039 52 221 767
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,591 253 361 1,977
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 83 10 29 44
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 121 20 44 57
     Alcohol Dependence 124 7 36 81
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 287 24 86 176
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 362 35 108 219
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 113 18 41 54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 274 22 84 168
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3188 -- 81 237
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1909 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1189 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

LOUISIANA

Table  38. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Louisiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.66 10.08 18.38 5.13
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.93 12.36 23.58 5.45
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.25 6.45 14.91 3.12
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.90 5.71 8.08 2.78
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.47 1.37 5.74 1.98
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.16 8.00 13.18 3.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.66 37.04 28.15 50.49
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 5.86 6.28 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.09 18.42 59.58 47.51
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.55 10.99 39.34 23.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.31 38.52 34.57 43.09
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.66 14.76 45.39 32.77
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.61 12.79 40.61 28.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.31 62.66 66.33 73.62
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.29 2.47 5.38 1.64
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.32 4.84 8.06 2.13
     Alcohol Dependence 3.42 1.81 6.55 3.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.89 5.96 15.89 6.57
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.97 8.65 19.91 8.16
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.12 4.54 7.50 2.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.54 5.51 15.39 6.25
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.838 -- 14.86 8.82
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 29.979 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 18.699 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MAINE

Table  39. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Maine, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 104 15 34 55
     Past Year Marijuana Use 139 20 49 70
     Past Month Marijuana Use 93 13 32 47
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 40 6 14 20
     Past Year Cocaine Use 29 2 13 14
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 56 10 19 27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 380 29 23 327
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 6 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 557 19 86 452
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 240 12 59 169
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
415 35 34 346
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 358 17 69 273
     Past Month Cigarette Use 298 15 61 221
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
789 70 87 632
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 21 4 8 10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 35 7 14 15
     Alcohol Dependence 39 3 11 25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 85 7 24 54
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 106 11 30 65
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 34 6 13 15
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 7 23 51
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1068 -- 22 84
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 479 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 339 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MAINE

Table  40. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Maine, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.31 14.09 25.35 6.25
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.45 18.32 36.86 7.96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.27 11.69 24.00 5.42
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.59 5.54 10.37 2.31
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.57 2.03 9.61 1.56
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.02 8.80 14.20 3.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.88 26.70 17.02 37.37
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.94 7.21 8.95 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.69 17.41 63.81 51.58
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.47 11.18 43.80 19.33
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.02 32.05 24.99 39.48
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.97 15.34 51.13 31.12
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.57 13.87 45.73 25.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.44 64.05 64.63 72.14
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.92 3.25 6.25 1.09
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.17 6.07 10.36 1.70
     Alcohol Dependence 3.49 2.52 8.21 2.88
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.59 6.48 17.79 6.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.48 10.26 22.02 7.45
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.01 5.85 9.49 1.66
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.22 6.32 17.12 5.81
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.518 -- 16.57 9.58
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 28.789 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.499 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MARYLAND

Table  41. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Maryland, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 317 47 115 156
     Past Year Marijuana Use 467 73 166 228
     Past Month Marijuana Use 250 36 100 113
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 142 21 46 75
     Past Year Cocaine Use 100 6 32 63
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 157 27 53 77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,801 173 144 1,484
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 47 27 18 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,344 79 356 1,909
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 891 45 209 636
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,002 199 193 1,610
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,213 59 233 921
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,044 51 197 795
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,404 335 383 2,686
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 86 13 32 41
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 130 22 48 59
     Alcohol Dependence 160 9 35 115
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 334 25 94 216
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 399 37 114 248
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 117 22 45 51
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 306 24 87 195
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3518 -- 72 279
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1899 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1139 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MARYLAND

Table  42. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Maryland, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.03 9.61 20.62 4.46
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.35 15.06 29.86 6.52
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.54 7.42 18.05 3.24
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.14 4.36 8.25 2.15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.22 1.21 5.72 1.80
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.48 5.46 9.56 2.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.69 35.58 25.91 42.50
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.78 6.37 6.55 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.72 16.19 64.06 54.68
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.68 9.26 37.64 18.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.13 40.95 34.65 46.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.79 12.17 41.87 26.38
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.05 10.54 35.50 22.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.05 69.02 68.82 76.90
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 2.64 5.80 1.18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.88 4.62 8.72 1.68
     Alcohol Dependence 3.54 1.94 6.37 3.30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.40 5.10 16.82 6.19
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.84 7.68 20.44 7.11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.60 4.43 8.06 1.46
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.77 4.89 15.72 5.58
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.678 -- 12.89 7.99
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 27.079 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 16.249 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MASSACHUSETTS

Table  43. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 547 68 199 280
     Past Year Marijuana Use 763 92 258 414
     Past Month Marijuana Use 468 53 177 239
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 192 29 72 91
     Past Year Cocaine Use 148 9 57 82
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 272 41 93 138
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,680 143 124 1,412
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 55 29 22 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,280 112 478 2,690
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,528 73 359 1,097
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,796 161 159 1,476
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,403 70 308 1,025
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,177 55 273 850
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,069 345 479 3,245
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 123 15 53 55
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 183 30 75 78
     Alcohol Dependence 208 12 56 140
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 455 34 134 287
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 552 51 166 336
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 161 29 68 64
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 436 33 130 273
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4278 -- 99 328
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2579 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1819 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MASSACHUSETTS

Table  44. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 10.16 13.21 29.45 6.68
     Past Year Marijuana Use 14.19 17.99 38.10 9.87
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.70 10.28 26.13 5.70
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.57 5.72 10.65 2.17
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.75 1.71 8.39 1.97
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.06 8.03 13.73 3.30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.22 27.81 18.40 33.71
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.97 7.28 7.92 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.99 21.81 70.71 64.21
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.40 14.18 53.01 26.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
33.38 31.30 23.51 35.23
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.08 13.72 45.51 24.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 21.89 10.71 40.33 20.28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.64 67.28 70.79 77.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.29 3.00 7.79 1.31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.40 5.78 11.12 1.87
     Alcohol Dependence 3.86 2.30 8.26 3.34
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.45 6.58 19.83 6.84
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.26 9.86 24.49 8.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.99 5.62 10.00 1.54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.11 6.46 19.25 6.51
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.778 -- 14.63 7.82
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 34.519 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.319 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MICHIGAN

Table  45. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Michigan, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 750 111 242 398
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,051 146 356 550
     Past Month Marijuana Use 603 79 211 313
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 286 57 90 140
     Past Year Cocaine Use 209 14 70 125
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 431 86 139 205
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,089 290 240 2,559
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 94 51 38 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,384 164 733 3,487
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,040 101 500 1,440
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,129 327 316 2,487
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,688 140 539 2,009
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,321 121 490 1,710
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
5,967 603 731 4,633
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 170 29 63 78
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 256 55 88 113
     Alcohol Dependence 268 19 79 170
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 630 54 191 385
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 782 85 236 460
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 223 52 81 90
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 597 52 181 364
     Serious Psychological Distress8 6858 -- 150 535
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 4129 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2809 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MICHIGAN

Table  46. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Michigan, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.00 12.25 21.79 6.29
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.61 16.17 32.08 8.68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.23 8.77 18.99 4.95
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.43 6.28 8.08 2.21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.51 1.57 6.32 1.98
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.17 9.54 12.56 3.25
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.03 32.10 21.68 40.43
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.03 6.69 7.42 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.56 18.21 66.08 55.10
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.46 11.17 45.08 22.74
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.52 36.19 28.46 39.30
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.22 15.49 48.63 31.74
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.82 13.38 44.15 27.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.54 66.84 65.89 73.21
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.04 3.25 5.66 1.23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.07 6.11 7.91 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.21 2.12 7.10 2.68
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.56 6.02 17.24 6.08
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.38 9.47 21.29 7.27
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.67 5.75 7.32 1.42
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.16 5.79 16.34 5.75
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.218 -- 13.54 8.45
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.179 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.489 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MINNESOTA

Table  47. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Minnesota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 313 45 107 161
     Past Year Marijuana Use 472 73 169 231
     Past Month Marijuana Use 258 36 95 127
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 136 21 44 71
     Past Year Cocaine Use 91 8 38 46
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 167 25 55 88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,365 140 123 1,102
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 47 24 20 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,425 82 406 1,938
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,098 56 280 762
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,535 151 151 1,233
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,273 71 295 907
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,053 58 275 720
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,021 292 365 2,364
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 78 12 33 33
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 120 22 47 51
     Alcohol Dependence 156 10 48 97
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 370 30 121 220
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 435 42 143 250
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 109 21 44 45
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 343 28 113 202
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3288 -- 75 253
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2179 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1569 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MINNESOTA

Table  48. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Minnesota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.41 10.25 18.19 5.05
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.16 16.42 28.71 7.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.10 8.08 16.17 3.99
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.21 4.65 7.49 2.24
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.16 1.87 6.38 1.43
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.96 5.56 9.31 2.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.41 31.67 20.92 34.61
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.93 6.44 7.08 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.57 18.56 69.03 60.83
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.03 12.71 47.59 23.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.44 34.07 25.66 38.72
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.17 16.14 50.15 28.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.96 13.17 46.79 22.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.70 65.93 62.14 74.23
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.85 2.68 5.62 1.04
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.82 5.08 7.92 1.59
     Alcohol Dependence 3.69 2.32 8.20 3.05
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.76 6.71 20.57 6.90
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.29 9.57 24.27 7.84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.59 4.73 7.44 1.41
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.12 6.31 19.21 6.35
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.678 -- 12.73 7.94
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 32.579 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 23.389 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MISSISSIPPI

Table  49. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Mississippi, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 135 24 47 64
     Past Year Marijuana Use 183 26 71 86
     Past Month Marijuana Use 99 14 38 46
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 73 14 23 36
     Past Year Cocaine Use 47 3 15 28
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 90 20 33 38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,194 113 127 953
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 24 11 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 855 35 177 643
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 464 21 118 325
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,144 116 146 882
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 788 39 168 580
     Past Month Cigarette Use 653 32 145 476
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,655 164 231 1,260
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 41 6 14 20
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 64 12 23 30
     Alcohol Dependence 74 4 18 52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 149 10 47 92
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 181 17 59 105
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 58 11 21 26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 142 10 46 86
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1988 -- 51 147
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 889 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 599 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MISSISSIPPI

Table  50. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Mississippi, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 5.79 9.30 13.34 3.75
     Past Year Marijuana Use 7.83 10.28 20.18 4.97
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.23 5.61 10.95 2.67
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.14 5.61 6.60 2.07
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.01 1.22 4.41 1.64
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.88 7.61 9.39 2.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 51.33 44.15 36.36 55.42
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 4.39 5.76 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.75 13.75 50.74 37.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.92 8.13 33.68 18.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
49.16 45.13 41.82 51.24
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.83 15.34 48.18 33.70
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.03 12.44 41.57 27.64
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.14 63.64 66.21 73.26
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.74 2.52 4.14 1.14
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.73 4.49 6.47 1.72
     Alcohol Dependence 3.19 1.60 5.29 3.01
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.41 4.03 13.45 5.35
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.75 6.59 16.95 6.08
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.49 4.26 5.94 1.52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.08 3.86 13.18 4.97
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.568 -- 14.65 8.54
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 23.129 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 15.679 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MISSOURI

Table  51. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Missouri, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 384 54 121 208
     Past Year Marijuana Use 563 82 193 288
     Past Month Marijuana Use 301 40 106 155
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 177 28 60 90
     Past Year Cocaine Use 123 10 48 65
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 257 42 86 128
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,804 168 150 1,487
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 54 28 22 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,350 99 410 1,841
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,185 67 290 828
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,796 177 173 1,445
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,701 100 327 1,275
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,444 84 293 1,068
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,275 310 420 2,545
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 88 15 34 38
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 142 28 57 56
     Alcohol Dependence 174 11 46 117
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 423 35 125 264
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 499 51 155 293
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 134 26 53 54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 405 34 121 250
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4858 -- 100 385
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2479 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1719 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MISSOURI

Table  52. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Missouri, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.13 10.99 18.87 5.81
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.93 16.74 29.97 8.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.38 8.17 16.47 4.33
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.75 5.60 9.31 2.50
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.60 1.99 7.39 1.83
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.44 8.55 13.39 3.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.25 34.20 23.28 41.49
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.03 6.90 7.62 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.81 20.20 63.79 51.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.12 13.67 45.18 23.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.06 36.05 26.96 40.33
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 36.06 20.33 50.78 35.57
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.61 17.14 45.50 29.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.41 63.07 65.29 71.02
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.86 3.12 5.29 1.07
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.01 5.79 8.94 1.57
     Alcohol Dependence 3.69 2.29 7.11 3.27
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.97 7.10 19.39 7.36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.58 10.48 24.04 8.18
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.83 5.29 8.28 1.52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.58 6.88 18.84 6.97
     Serious Psychological Distress8 11.468 -- 15.52 10.74
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 33.209 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 23.029 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MONTANA

Table  53. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Montana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 75 11 24 41
     Past Year Marijuana Use 99 16 36 47
     Past Month Marijuana Use 62 8 21 32
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 28 5 8 15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 18 1 7 9
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 38 7 13 18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 303 26 22 254
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 434 18 76 339
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 215 14 56 145
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
275 25 26 224
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 263 17 57 189
     Past Month Cigarette Use 202 12 45 145
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
566 53 73 440
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 14 2 6 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 23 5 9 9
     Alcohol Dependence 31 3 10 18
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 76 8 24 44
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 84 11 27 47
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 21 5 9 8
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 70 7 22 41
     Serious Psychological Distress8 638 -- 15 47
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 489 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 369 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

MONTANA

Table  54. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Montana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.70 13.51 22.27 6.90
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.80 19.84 33.70 8.05
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.95 10.00 20.16 5.45
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.68 6.24 7.91 2.56
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.27 1.87 6.65 1.53
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.96 9.01 12.50 3.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.04 32.59 20.80 43.23
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.33 8.63 8.93 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.96 23.00 71.50 57.62
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 27.72 17.10 52.90 24.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
35.46 31.44 24.02 38.08
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.92 21.03 53.03 32.20
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.13 15.41 42.45 24.62
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.00 66.69 68.01 74.76
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.85 3.00 5.36 1.06
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.98 6.29 8.76 1.48
     Alcohol Dependence 3.95 3.50 9.04 3.09
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.81 10.39 22.43 7.45
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.90 13.60 25.12 7.96
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.73 5.68 8.09 1.36
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.09 9.27 20.95 6.91
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.048 -- 14.38 8.07
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 38.109 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 28.989 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEBRASKA

Table  55. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Nebraska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 98 15 35 47
     Past Year Marijuana Use 137 21 51 66
     Past Month Marijuana Use 76 11 30 34
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 43 8 15 21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 30 2 13 14
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 49 9 19 21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 568 48 56 463
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 16 8 7 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 789 30 149 611
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 377 21 107 250
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
501 53 47 402
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 418 24 101 293
     Past Month Cigarette Use 345 21 90 234
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,008 99 133 776
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 27 4 11 12
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 41 8 16 17
     Alcohol Dependence 52 4 17 30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 133 12 47 74
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 145 16 51 78
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 37 7 15 15
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 127 12 44 71
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1098 -- 28 82
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 769 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 539 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEBRASKA

Table  56. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Nebraska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.86 10.10 16.83 4.45
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.61 13.61 24.22 6.18
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.31 7.39 14.39 3.24
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.03 5.12 7.00 1.95
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.08 1.64 6.09 1.35
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.41 5.98 9.01 1.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.86 31.80 27.04 43.50
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.74 6.17 6.25 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.41 20.10 71.18 57.32
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.47 13.89 51.18 23.42
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
35.18 34.94 22.41 37.71
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.32 16.14 48.17 27.49
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.22 13.64 43.21 22.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.74 65.81 63.57 72.85
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 2.93 5.22 1.11
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.88 5.34 7.87 1.55
     Alcohol Dependence 3.62 2.51 8.35 2.86
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.30 8.18 22.29 6.92
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.17 10.58 24.34 7.34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.62 4.96 6.99 1.44
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.88 7.84 21.03 6.65
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.578 -- 13.24 7.66
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 33.989 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 23.759 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEVADA

Table  57. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Nevada, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 161 22 42 98
     Past Year Marijuana Use 196 33 59 105
     Past Month Marijuana Use 114 15 35 65
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 75 10 18 47
     Past Year Cocaine Use 36 3 14 20
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 103 17 28 58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 707 69 59 579
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 18 11 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 873 33 129 711
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 396 22 82 293
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
772 75 84 614
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 564 26 97 441
     Past Month Cigarette Use 494 21 83 390
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,377 129 155 1,092
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 33 5 10 17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 51 10 16 25
     Alcohol Dependence 66 4 18 43
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 153 13 41 99
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 180 18 50 112
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 48 9 15 24
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 148 13 40 96
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1728 -- 31 141
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 669 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 449 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEVADA

Table  58. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Nevada, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.68 11.27 18.18 6.82
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.56 17.11 25.68 7.27
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.16 7.82 15.24 4.49
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.03 5.00 7.80 3.30
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.96 1.51 6.02 1.37
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.55 8.87 12.37 4.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.04 35.88 25.68 40.30
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 6.83 5.32 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.95 17.41 56.26 49.44
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.34 11.28 35.98 20.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.54 38.89 36.64 42.68
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.35 13.49 42.36 30.70
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.56 11.01 36.16 27.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.08 67.30 68.07 75.95
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.78 2.74 4.56 1.20
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.75 5.19 6.84 1.77
     Alcohol Dependence 3.55 2.33 7.86 3.02
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.23 6.69 18.03 6.88
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.69 9.45 21.80 7.79
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.60 4.64 6.60 1.68
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.99 6.50 17.46 6.68
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.318 -- 13.66 9.78
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.479 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 16.509 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table  59. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 108 14 37 56
     Past Year Marijuana Use 159 21 53 85
     Past Month Marijuana Use 95 12 32 50
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 40 6 15 19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 31 2 13 16
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 58 9 20 28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 307 30 20 257
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 13 7 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 655 25 99 532
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 277 16 67 194
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
351 33 26 292
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 324 18 65 242
     Past Month Cigarette Use 268 15 55 198
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
769 72 88 609
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 23 3 9 11
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 35 7 13 14
     Alcohol Dependence 34 2 10 21
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 85 7 28 50
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 107 11 34 62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 31 7 12 12
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 7 26 48
     Serious Psychological Distress8 918 -- 21 71
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 669 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 469 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table  60. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.87 12.58 27.43 6.71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 14.60 18.18 39.78 10.11
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.68 10.31 24.14 6.01
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.69 5.43 10.84 2.32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.84 2.05 9.73 1.85
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.28 7.65 15.24 3.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.20 25.84 14.99 30.63
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.34 7.45 9.98 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.17 21.57 73.36 63.30
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.41 13.78 50.09 23.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
32.28 29.13 19.40 34.75
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.78 15.58 48.21 28.78
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.62 12.73 41.04 23.62
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.63 62.93 65.28 72.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.11 2.91 6.45 1.32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.17 6.08 9.82 1.72
     Alcohol Dependence 3.10 2.05 7.57 2.53
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.77 6.23 20.70 5.92
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.79 9.80 25.10 7.36
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.80 5.69 9.08 1.41
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.47 6.04 19.70 5.72
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.388 -- 15.54 8.40
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 37.309 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.189 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW JERSEY

Table  61. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Jersey, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 490 76 174 239
     Past Year Marijuana Use 623 97 236 290
     Past Month Marijuana Use 357 51 144 162
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 225 39 70 116
     Past Year Cocaine Use 144 11 48 86
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 283 45 91 147
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,934 258 185 2,491
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 71 41 27 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,806 138 521 3,147
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,467 79 338 1,050
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,205 289 259 2,658
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,789 103 346 1,340
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,622 86 310 1,226
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
5,281 479 549 4,253
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 123 21 44 59
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 197 40 68 89
     Alcohol Dependence 193 13 48 131
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 463 41 125 298
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 574 65 160 349
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 170 38 61 71
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 445 41 121 283
     Serious Psychological Distress8 5938 -- 108 484
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2879 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1789 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW JERSEY

Table  62. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Jersey, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.86 10.35 21.34 4.28
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.73 13.24 28.96 5.17
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.01 6.95 17.61 2.90
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.15 5.25 8.56 2.08
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.02 1.45 5.87 1.53
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.96 6.16 11.11 2.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.06 35.14 22.67 44.53
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.52 6.10 5.98 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.25 18.82 63.79 56.24
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.54 10.77 41.42 18.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.85 39.33 31.75 47.50
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 25.04 14.01 42.42 23.95
     Past Month Cigarette Use 22.70 11.70 38.02 21.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.91 65.30 67.24 76.01
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.73 2.82 5.39 1.05
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.76 5.50 8.27 1.59
     Alcohol Dependence 2.70 1.83 5.92 2.34
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.49 5.56 15.27 5.33
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.04 8.80 19.58 6.24
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.38 5.14 7.48 1.26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.23 5.55 14.79 5.06
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.258 -- 13.28 8.66
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 28.089 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 17.479 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW MEXICO

Table  63. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Mexico, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 173 28 52 92
     Past Year Marijuana Use 204 35 73 96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 133 21 46 66
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 70 12 22 36
     Past Year Cocaine Use 48 5 21 22
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 85 15 26 43
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 598 50 52 496
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 18 11 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 726 36 130 560
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 353 25 91 237
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
701 68 78 555
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 441 29 97 315
     Past Month Cigarette Use 363 23 82 258
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,143 112 150 881
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 36 7 16 14
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 57 12 23 23
     Alcohol Dependence 64 5 19 40
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 151 14 46 91
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 180 21 56 103
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 53 11 21 21
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 140 14 45 82
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1428 -- 30 112
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 839 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 589 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW MEXICO

Table  64. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New Mexico, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 11.25 16.22 23.90 8.08
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.25 19.88 33.51 8.39
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.65 11.91 21.10 5.79
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.56 7.11 9.90 3.15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.14 2.77 9.77 1.93
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.50 8.62 12.01 3.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.92 28.47 23.94 43.37
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.18 8.76 7.32 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.26 20.33 59.68 49.02
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.98 14.16 41.66 20.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.65 38.76 35.65 48.60
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.71 16.79 44.28 27.58
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.64 13.01 37.78 22.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.41 63.84 68.95 77.07
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.34 3.73 7.15 1.22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.71 6.72 10.45 1.97
     Alcohol Dependence 4.16 3.01 8.76 3.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.81 8.04 21.09 7.94
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.68 12.17 25.58 8.97
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.43 6.24 9.47 1.86
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.12 7.88 20.49 7.15
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.468 -- 13.83 9.82
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 31.269 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.739 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW YORK

Table  65. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New York, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 1,451 181 503 768
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,883 235 678 970
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,186 133 439 613
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 495 80 164 251
     Past Year Cocaine Use 403 22 156 225
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 656 97 229 330
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,896 477 471 4,949
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 173 86 77 9
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 8,522 299 1,313 6,910
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,735 171 879 2,684
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,675 610 623 5,443
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 4,456 196 881 3,379
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,967 174 817 2,976
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
11,859 1,032 1,436 9,390
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 313 44 116 153
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 467 78 171 217
     Alcohol Dependence 510 29 132 349
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,070 86 323 661
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,359 132 408 819
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 409 74 160 174
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,006 82 315 609
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1,3638 -- 295 1,068
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 7669 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 5079 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NEW YORK

Table  66. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in New York, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.10 11.49 24.55 6.22
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.80 14.95 33.10 7.86
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.43 8.46 21.46 4.97
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.10 5.08 8.02 2.03
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.53 1.39 7.60 1.83
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.11 6.15 11.20 2.68
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.93 30.32 22.99 40.09
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.77 6.28 7.65 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.38 19.01 64.14 55.98
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.40 10.87 42.95 21.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.81 38.78 30.40 44.10
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.92 12.49 43.03 27.37
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.85 11.04 39.91 24.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.28 65.69 70.13 76.07
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.96 2.77 5.68 1.24
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.93 4.99 8.37 1.76
     Alcohol Dependence 3.20 1.84 6.45 2.83
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.71 5.49 15.76 5.36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.52 8.39 19.90 6.64
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.56 4.73 7.82 1.41
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.31 5.24 15.38 4.94
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.478 -- 14.42 8.65
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 31.999 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.169 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NORTH CAROLINA

Table  67. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in North Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 497 78 158 262
     Past Year Marijuana Use 650 102 227 321
     Past Month Marijuana Use 386 52 136 198
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 237 38 65 133
     Past Year Cocaine Use 135 9 44 83
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 302 53 94 155
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,888 249 247 2,392
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 71 39 28 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,801 105 482 2,214
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,319 65 319 935
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,102 274 289 2,539
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,347 121 426 1,800
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,863 100 395 1,368
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,736 456 562 3,718
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 129 18 40 71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 199 33 65 102
     Alcohol Dependence 191 11 50 130
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 410 32 124 255
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 535 51 154 330
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 178 31 58 89
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 385 31 119 234
     Serious Psychological Distress8 6158 -- 120 495
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2619 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1659 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NORTH CAROLINA

Table  68. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in North Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.23 11.06 17.78 4.96
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.45 14.54 25.53 6.08
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.62 7.39 15.33 3.75
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 5.48 7.33 2.52
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.96 1.24 4.90 1.57
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.39 7.57 10.57 2.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.07 35.48 27.80 45.34
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.65 6.41 6.20 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.80 14.95 54.25 41.97
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.21 9.26 35.92 17.72
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.18 39.05 32.52 48.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.19 17.20 47.94 34.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.12 14.18 44.46 25.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.97 64.97 63.22 70.47
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.88 2.63 4.48 1.34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.90 4.68 7.26 1.93
     Alcohol Dependence 2.78 1.58 5.62 2.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.97 4.50 13.94 4.83
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.79 7.24 17.30 6.26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.59 4.38 6.53 1.69
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.60 4.40 13.43 4.44
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.988 -- 13.51 9.39
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 25.079 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 15.889 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NORTH DAKOTA

Table  69. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in North Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 39 6 14 20
     Past Year Marijuana Use 53 8 24 21
     Past Month Marijuana Use 30 4 12 14
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 17 3 5 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 10 1 5 4
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 21 3 8 10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 213 19 20 174
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 313 12 63 238
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 168 8 47 112
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
174 18 19 137
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 176 11 41 124
     Past Month Cigarette Use 145 9 36 100
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
362 34 54 273
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 9 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 14 3 6 6
     Alcohol Dependence 20 1 7 11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 55 5 23 28
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 62 6 24 31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 13 3 5 5
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 53 5 22 26
     Serious Psychological Distress8 468 -- 12 35
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 399 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 309 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

NORTH DAKOTA

Table  70. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in North Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.47 10.76 16.46 5.14
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.12 16.11 28.93 5.36
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.62 7.49 14.72 3.45
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.24 5.53 6.23 2.31
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.88 1.79 5.56 1.12
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.00 6.14 9.38 2.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.42 36.56 24.64 44.26
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.92 6.75 8.18 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.33 23.39 75.61 60.72
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 31.77 15.91 57.01 28.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
32.95 33.52 22.73 35.02
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.40 20.69 49.63 31.68
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.53 16.82 43.47 25.62
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.67 65.49 65.62 69.75
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.69 3.16 4.29 0.95
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.74 5.81 7.04 1.43
     Alcohol Dependence 3.80 2.47 8.90 2.90
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.48 9.15 27.29 7.13
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.67 12.03 28.94 7.98
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.49 5.36 6.52 1.26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.99 8.86 26.44 6.68
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.778 -- 13.89 8.90
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 42.689 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 32.299 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OHIO

Table  71. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Ohio, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 745 105 247 392
     Past Year Marijuana Use 957 141 348 468
     Past Month Marijuana Use 577 81 208 289
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 321 51 105 166
     Past Year Cocaine Use 202 13 75 114
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 454 73 164 217
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,693 341 293 3,060
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 103 53 45 6
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,865 170 795 3,901
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,233 110 548 1,576
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,621 367 363 2,891
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,279 166 627 2,486
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,767 139 555 2,073
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
6,615 638 804 5,173
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 167 28 58 81
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 261 53 94 114
     Alcohol Dependence 304 19 89 196
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 690 55 215 420
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 838 84 257 497
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 232 50 86 97
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 657 52 206 398
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8538 -- 186 667
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 4439 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 3119 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OHIO

Table  72. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Ohio, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.88 10.72 19.76 5.42
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.12 14.33 27.81 6.47
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.11 8.21 16.62 3.99
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.40 5.14 8.37 2.30
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.13 1.33 5.99 1.57
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.80 7.47 13.08 3.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.03 34.72 23.38 42.33
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.84 6.25 7.44 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.41 17.24 63.51 53.97
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.60 11.16 43.76 21.80
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.26 37.28 29.02 40.00
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.65 16.86 50.09 34.40
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.25 14.13 44.32 28.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.91 64.86 64.28 71.58
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.76 2.86 4.65 1.11
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.76 5.39 7.48 1.58
     Alcohol Dependence 3.22 1.89 7.13 2.72
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.30 5.61 17.20 5.81
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.86 8.52 20.53 6.88
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.46 5.05 6.86 1.34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.94 5.29 16.49 5.51
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.068 -- 14.83 9.23
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 29.759 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.899 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OKLAHOMA

Table  73. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 241 35 81 125
     Past Year Marijuana Use 282 48 107 126
     Past Month Marijuana Use 160 23 65 72
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 118 20 42 57
     Past Year Cocaine Use 59 5 27 27
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 163 30 60 74
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,264 113 115 1,036
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 30 15 13 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,217 52 246 919
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 591 37 168 386
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,200 114 122 963
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,023 55 223 745
     Past Month Cigarette Use 879 46 195 638
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,937 184 252 1,502
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 57 10 23 25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 87 18 32 37
     Alcohol Dependence 97 7 31 58
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 212 20 72 120
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 265 32 88 145
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 82 17 30 35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 201 19 69 112
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2798 -- 63 216
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1389 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 999 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OKLAHOMA

Table  74. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.44 11.80 19.51 5.84
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.84 16.14 25.86 5.88
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.60 7.76 15.70 3.36
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.12 6.59 10.05 2.64
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.08 1.75 6.48 1.27
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.71 10.10 14.35 3.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.25 38.04 27.76 48.29
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.68 5.91 6.24 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 42.59 17.40 59.14 42.87
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.68 12.49 40.47 17.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.00 38.55 29.39 44.91
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.81 18.50 53.68 34.74
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.77 15.65 46.88 29.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.81 61.95 60.52 70.02
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.00 3.27 5.46 1.16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.05 6.17 7.73 1.72
     Alcohol Dependence 3.38 2.41 7.49 2.72
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.42 6.81 17.35 5.59
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.28 10.71 21.28 6.77
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.87 5.71 7.30 1.62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.02 6.49 16.66 5.23
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.908 -- 15.23 10.06
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.159 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.529 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OREGON

Table  75. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Oregon, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 283 37 91 155
     Past Year Marijuana Use 393 54 134 205
     Past Month Marijuana Use 240 29 83 128
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 112 16 34 62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 66 5 26 35
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 166 29 52 85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 992 96 81 815
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 31 17 11 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,631 56 262 1,313
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 599 36 163 400
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,198 109 109 980
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 863 44 179 640
     Past Month Cigarette Use 730 35 154 541
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,240 210 280 1,750
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 64 8 25 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 89 16 33 40
     Alcohol Dependence 116 7 32 76
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 247 19 72 155
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 293 29 85 179
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 85 15 31 38
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 236 19 69 147
     Serious Psychological Distress8 2708 -- 58 212
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1349 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 909 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

OREGON

Table  76. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Oregon, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 9.47 12.60 23.12 6.73
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.18 18.19 34.16 8.94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.03 9.74 21.07 5.58
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.76 5.33 8.75 2.70
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.22 1.72 6.60 1.53
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.56 9.78 13.27 3.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.23 32.38 20.60 35.50
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 6.95 6.44 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.61 18.78 66.77 57.17
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.07 12.22 41.48 17.42
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.10 36.62 27.68 42.68
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.89 14.74 45.57 27.87
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.44 11.63 39.30 23.55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.02 70.72 71.43 76.19
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.15 2.64 6.35 1.36
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.98 5.50 8.37 1.73
     Alcohol Dependence 3.89 2.46 8.27 3.33
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.27 6.54 18.41 6.76
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.82 9.77 21.71 7.79
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.84 5.19 7.93 1.67
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.89 6.39 17.68 6.41
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.048 -- 14.71 9.24
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.869 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.719 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

PENNSYLVANIA

Table  77. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 808 111 279 419
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,092 149 405 539
     Past Month Marijuana Use 624 80 233 310
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 355 57 112 186
     Past Year Cocaine Use 273 17 95 160
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 428 69 160 199
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,252 363 288 3,601
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 111 57 48 6
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,418 184 856 4,379
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,558 115 621 1,822
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,754 380 331 3,042
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,379 164 656 2,559
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,814 142 586 2,086
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
7,387 664 857 5,867
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 174 27 62 86
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 279 49 105 125
     Alcohol Dependence 337 20 101 216
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 784 58 251 475
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 923 85 294 544
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 246 46 95 105
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 747 55 242 449
     Serious Psychological Distress8 7928 -- 170 622
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 4869 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 3429 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

PENNSYLVANIA

Table  78. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.80 10.70 21.20 5.22
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.54 14.39 30.76 6.71
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.02 7.75 17.74 3.87
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.42 5.47 8.55 2.31
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.63 1.68 7.25 2.00
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.13 6.71 12.13 2.48
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.97 35.11 21.88 44.86
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 6.33 7.52 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.20 17.75 65.04 54.54
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.66 11.14 47.21 22.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.17 36.78 25.19 37.90
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.56 15.85 49.88 31.87
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.12 13.73 44.53 25.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.18 64.19 65.11 73.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.68 2.56 4.68 1.08
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.69 4.73 7.96 1.56
     Alcohol Dependence 3.25 1.91 7.71 2.69
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.56 5.63 19.07 5.92
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.90 8.22 22.34 6.78
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.37 4.41 7.25 1.31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.20 5.35 18.40 5.60
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.488 -- 12.95 7.74
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 30.779 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.619 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

RHODE ISLAND

Table  79. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 98 12 36 51
     Past Year Marijuana Use 135 16 52 66
     Past Month Marijuana Use 83 10 32 41
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 38 5 14 19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 2 14 16
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 54 7 20 28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 309 26 25 258
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 4 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 548 18 94 437
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 251 11 68 172
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
327 32 35 259
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 274 14 58 203
     Past Month Cigarette Use 236 11 51 173
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
676 60 93 523
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 22 3 8 11
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 32 5 13 13
     Alcohol Dependence 35 2 11 22
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 87 6 28 53
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 103 9 32 62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 28 5 12 10
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 6 27 48
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1008 -- 20 80
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 519 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 369 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

RHODE ISLAND

Table  80. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 10.84 13.63 27.97 7.33
     Past Year Marijuana Use 14.85 18.68 41.05 9.55
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.14 10.97 25.42 5.92
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.19 5.71 11.15 2.72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.52 1.93 10.88 2.37
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.96 7.62 15.30 4.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.13 29.94 19.35 37.37
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.11 7.38 8.44 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.58 20.26 73.69 63.25
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 27.71 12.94 53.15 24.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.07 36.40 27.71 37.58
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.29 15.58 45.45 29.36
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.11 13.09 40.40 25.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.67 69.16 72.76 75.72
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.41 2.93 6.65 1.56
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.49 6.05 10.32 1.92
     Alcohol Dependence 3.83 2.03 8.24 3.25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.59 6.89 21.83 7.68
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.39 10.36 25.37 8.95
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.06 5.82 9.73 1.48
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.91 6.79 21.06 6.95
     Serious Psychological Distress8 12.188 -- 15.45 11.58
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 36.209 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 25.789 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table  81. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in South Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 261 39 87 135
     Past Year Marijuana Use 340 50 118 172
     Past Month Marijuana Use 196 24 72 101
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 123 19 41 64
     Past Year Cocaine Use 83 7 30 46
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 171 29 57 85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,502 137 120 1,245
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 40 20 18 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,493 51 273 1,168
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 724 32 181 511
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,459 149 145 1,164
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,079 54 224 802
     Past Month Cigarette Use 919 43 197 678
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,412 230 291 1,891
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 59 9 20 30
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 100 18 35 47
     Alcohol Dependence 127 7 32 88
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 282 19 81 183
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 327 29 97 201
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 89 16 33 40
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 264 17 76 171
     Serious Psychological Distress8 3098 -- 61 248
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1229 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 809 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table  82. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in South Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.65 10.86 18.99 5.21
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.97 13.91 25.71 6.65
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.74 6.73 15.53 3.88
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.60 5.26 8.80 2.46
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 1.95 6.55 1.78
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.01 8.14 12.36 3.29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.06 38.38 26.10 48.01
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 6.23 8.17 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.74 14.40 59.19 45.04
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.22 8.94 39.39 19.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.77 41.90 31.58 44.86
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.63 15.12 48.59 30.90
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.93 12.09 42.85 26.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.72 64.47 63.11 72.91
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.73 2.50 4.37 1.16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.92 4.91 7.69 1.80
     Alcohol Dependence 3.74 2.09 7.04 3.38
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.26 5.20 17.51 7.05
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.58 8.03 21.06 7.77
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.60 4.51 7.15 1.53
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.73 4.68 16.58 6.58
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.108 -- 13.22 9.55
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.139 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 15.869 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table  83. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in South Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 44 7 14 23
     Past Year Marijuana Use 60 11 23 26
     Past Month Marijuana Use 31 5 12 14
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 19 4 6 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 12 1 5 5
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 22 4 7 10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 243 26 22 195
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 8 4 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 359 16 67 276
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 179 11 52 116
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
216 23 22 171
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 221 15 52 154
     Past Month Cigarette Use 189 12 46 131
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
420 44 56 320
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 4 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 4 6 7
     Alcohol Dependence 29 2 8 18
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 64 7 23 35
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 68 8 24 35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 14 3 5 6
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 56 6 20 30
     Serious Psychological Distress8 468 -- 12 34
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 419 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 319 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table  84. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in South Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.96 9.83 15.39 4.86
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.51 15.63 25.02 5.52
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.89 6.90 12.93 2.99
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.03 5.51 6.34 2.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.87 1.82 5.53 1.14
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.45 6.45 7.83 2.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.80 37.39 24.11 41.94
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.04 7.24 7.82 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.35 23.37 72.30 59.34
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.55 15.96 55.59 25.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
34.48 32.99 23.82 36.82
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.32 21.25 56.02 33.26
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.15 17.27 49.56 28.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.08 64.01 59.70 69.00
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.68 2.79 3.90 1.07
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.53 5.14 6.10 1.43
     Alcohol Dependence 4.56 3.48 8.70 3.89
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.20 9.67 24.25 7.48
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.84 11.86 26.16 7.64
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.23 4.61 5.39 1.25
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.00 9.08 21.91 6.41
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.318 -- 12.84 7.41
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 39.129 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 29.499 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

TENNESSEE

Table  85. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Tennessee, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 331 44 102 186
     Past Year Marijuana Use 410 61 139 211
     Past Month Marijuana Use 245 29 82 134
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 170 24 47 99
     Past Year Cocaine Use 103 7 34 62
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 224 44 70 110
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,955 173 161 1,621
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 44 23 18 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,828 67 322 1,438
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 739 39 185 516
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,230 205 232 1,793
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,601 77 288 1,236
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,360 64 245 1,052
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,438 316 415 2,707
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 89 13 29 47
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 135 23 45 67
     Alcohol Dependence 134 8 35 92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 307 22 86 199
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 380 36 106 238
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 125 21 43 60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 296 23 83 190
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4498 -- 89 360
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1589 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 939 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

TENNESSEE

Table  86. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Tennessee, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.80 9.15 16.00 4.96
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.42 12.77 21.77 5.62
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.03 6.14 12.81 3.58
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.48 4.97 7.41 2.64
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.12 1.56 5.42 1.64
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.60 9.34 10.98 2.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.29 36.47 25.26 43.30
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.40 5.36 5.18 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.63 14.08 50.60 38.43
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 15.21 8.11 29.07 13.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.94 43.07 36.45 47.90
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.96 16.14 45.27 33.01
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.02 13.36 38.49 28.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.82 66.38 65.22 72.32
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.83 2.81 4.53 1.25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.77 4.78 7.10 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence 2.76 1.65 5.44 2.45
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.32 4.69 13.57 5.31
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.81 7.49 16.69 6.35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.56 4.50 6.74 1.61
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.08 4.75 13.10 5.07
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.258 -- 14.02 9.61
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 22.329 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 13.129 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

TEXAS

Table  87. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Texas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 1,226 193 421 612
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,494 272 559 664
     Past Month Marijuana Use 825 122 325 379
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 676 118 216 342
     Past Year Cocaine Use 424 50 158 216
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 808 137 284 387
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 7,927 790 775 6,362
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 189 102 75 11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 8,235 340 1,430 6,465
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 4,147 194 971 2,982
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
7,784 826 912 6,046
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 5,313 264 1,081 3,967
     Past Month Cigarette Use 4,605 228 977 3,401
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
12,869 1,296 1,773 9,799
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 323 59 131 133
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 505 108 191 206
     Alcohol Dependence 520 39 159 321
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,292 113 405 774
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,571 177 502 892
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 461 99 180 182
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,247 108 400 739
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1,5198 -- 329 1,191
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 7909 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 5059 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

TEXAS

Table  88. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Texas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.96 9.48 16.33 4.71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.49 13.33 21.69 5.11
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.69 5.97 12.61 2.92
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.84 5.80 8.39 2.63
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.41 2.45 6.14 1.66
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.59 6.72 11.03 2.98
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.02 38.77 30.07 48.97
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.77 5.07 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.76 16.69 55.48 49.76
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.55 9.53 37.69 22.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.21 40.50 35.40 46.54
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.17 12.96 41.96 30.53
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.15 11.17 37.90 26.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.08 63.59 68.80 75.42
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.83 2.88 5.09 1.02
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.87 5.30 7.41 1.58
     Alcohol Dependence 2.95 1.94 6.19 2.47
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.34 5.54 15.71 5.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.92 8.68 19.50 6.86
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.62 4.88 6.97 1.40
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.08 5.31 15.53 5.69
     Serious Psychological Distress8 9.768 -- 12.75 9.16
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 26.109 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 16.699 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

UTAH

Table  89. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Utah, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 126 18 48 60
     Past Year Marijuana Use 146 24 67 56
     Past Month Marijuana Use 77 11 34 32
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 75 11 28 35
     Past Year Cocaine Use 39 3 18 18
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 112 16 50 45
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 798 102 116 581
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 21 9 10 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 537 26 124 387
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 276 19 90 168
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
860 107 135 618
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 369 20 92 257
     Past Month Cigarette Use 324 16 91 217
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,380 169 260 951
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 37 6 16 15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 59 11 25 23
     Alcohol Dependence 59 5 18 36
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 116 11 41 64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 150 16 55 79
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 53 10 21 22
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 111 11 41 60
     Serious Psychological Distress8 1928 -- 55 137
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 679 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 529 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

UTAH

Table  90. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Utah, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 6.88 7.80 13.58 4.82
     Past Year Marijuana Use 7.97 10.48 18.78 4.45
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.21 4.74 9.61 2.59
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.06 5.00 7.99 2.77
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.14 1.37 5.03 1.47
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.08 7.05 14.10 3.61
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.54 44.40 32.52 46.51
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.57 4.16 4.23 0.19
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 29.29 11.28 34.85 31.02
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 15.04 8.37 25.13 13.42
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.92 46.62 38.00 49.51
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 20.11 8.69 25.96 20.56
     Past Month Cigarette Use 17.63 6.81 25.47 17.41
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.21 73.44 73.04 76.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.04 2.59 4.58 1.22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.21 4.71 7.07 1.83
     Alcohol Dependence 3.20 2.04 5.14 2.86
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.32 4.67 11.57 5.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.18 7.09 15.58 6.30
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.90 4.31 6.01 1.75
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.06 4.67 11.42 4.79
     Serious Psychological Distress8 11.958 -- 15.48 10.94
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 18.639 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 14.509 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

VERMONT

Table  91. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Vermont, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 56 7 20 28
     Past Year Marijuana Use 79 11 31 38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 48 6 19 23
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 20 3 7 10
     Past Year Cocaine Use 15 1 7 7
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 26 4 9 13
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 148 14 11 122
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 309 11 50 248
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 126 7 34 85
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
185 16 16 153
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 160 9 37 114
     Past Month Cigarette Use 135 8 33 94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
381 35 46 301
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 5 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 17 3 8 6
     Alcohol Dependence 19 1 5 12
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 42 3 14 25
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 53 5 18 31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 16 3 7 6
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 41 3 14 24
     Serious Psychological Distress8 428 -- 10 32
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 269 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 199 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

VERMONT

Table  92. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Vermont, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 10.44 13.98 28.33 6.90
     Past Year Marijuana Use 14.90 19.80 43.33 9.37
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.99 11.11 26.35 5.73
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.74 6.08 9.47 2.45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.80 2.12 10.26 1.61
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.96 8.14 13.44 3.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.75 26.96 15.38 29.98
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.49 8.82 10.47 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.08 19.95 71.11 60.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.73 13.37 48.50 20.81
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
34.74 29.54 22.56 37.51
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.08 17.43 52.44 27.89
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.30 14.23 46.33 23.13
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.60 64.71 64.89 73.65
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.14 2.92 7.10 1.18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.24 5.98 10.89 1.57
     Alcohol Dependence 3.54 2.42 7.34 3.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.93 6.46 20.10 6.02
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.02 9.67 24.92 7.50
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.01 5.56 10.40 1.41
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.63 6.29 19.20 5.82
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.868 -- 14.84 7.83
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 33.359 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 24.059 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

VIRGINIA

Table  93. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 434 59 152 223
     Past Year Marijuana Use 585 79 231 275
     Past Month Marijuana Use 323 42 122 159
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 201 29 61 110
     Past Year Cocaine Use 142 8 45 89
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 250 46 86 118
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,402 232 179 1,991
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 61 29 29 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,009 97 487 2,425
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,327 61 342 925
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,567 253 232 2,082
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,789 83 362 1,344
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,520 74 326 1,120
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,435 430 525 3,480
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 116 15 42 59
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 176 30 65 81
     Alcohol Dependence 185 12 52 120
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 432 33 136 263
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 519 49 168 302
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 152 28 59 65
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 411 32 131 249
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4728 -- 101 371
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2709 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1889 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

VIRGINIA

Table  94. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 7.25 9.53 20.01 4.84
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.78 12.81 30.54 5.96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.39 6.76 16.13 3.44
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.35 4.74 8.06 2.39
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.37 1.34 5.97 1.92
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.17 7.45 11.35 2.55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.10 37.67 23.65 43.14
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.75 5.30 8.50 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.24 15.75 64.28 52.55
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.17 9.86 45.13 20.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.85 41.01 30.60 45.11
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.87 13.37 47.85 29.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.38 11.99 42.99 24.28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.05 69.67 69.35 75.41
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.94 2.47 5.57 1.28
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.95 4.84 8.60 1.76
     Alcohol Dependence 3.09 2.01 6.89 2.61
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.22 5.36 17.97 5.70
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.66 7.98 22.13 6.54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.53 4.51 7.74 1.41
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.87 5.11 17.27 5.40
     Serious Psychological Distress8 8.798 -- 13.39 8.04
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 29.149 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 20.269 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

WASHINGTON

Table  95. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Washington, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 434 62 138 235
     Past Year Marijuana Use 593 83 200 310
     Past Month Marijuana Use 324 42 117 165
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 201 29 60 112
     Past Year Cocaine Use 115 10 52 53
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 309 50 96 163
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,332 155 120 1,057
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 52 29 21 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,882 95 418 2,368
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,096 63 276 757
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,944 178 182 1,584
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,396 69 297 1,029
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,211 56 273 881
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,769 359 464 2,946
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 111 14 45 51
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 158 26 62 69
     Alcohol Dependence 188 12 58 118
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 426 34 128 263
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 515 48 156 312
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 150 24 58 68
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 393 33 118 242
     Serious Psychological Distress8 4998 -- 102 397
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 2629 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 1809 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

WASHINGTON

Table  96. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in Washington, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 8.52 11.70 20.39 6.03
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.62 15.73 29.54 7.97
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.36 7.98 17.28 4.25
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.94 5.54 8.86 2.87
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.25 1.81 7.71 1.36
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.07 9.52 14.24 4.19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 26.15 29.43 17.73 27.16
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.86 6.47 6.82 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.60 18.07 61.90 60.87
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.51 11.97 40.85 19.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.17 33.80 26.94 40.70
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.40 13.17 43.97 26.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.76 10.69 40.37 22.65
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.00 68.14 68.57 75.73
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.17 2.71 6.66 1.32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.09 4.88 9.24 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.68 2.31 8.53 3.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.35 6.54 18.94 6.76
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.10 9.03 23.06 8.01
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.94 4.61 8.53 1.76
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.71 6.22 17.49 6.22
     Serious Psychological Distress8 10.928 -- 15.12 10.20
     Past Month Alcohol Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 31.319 -- -- --
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3Use (for persons aged 12 to 20) 21.499 -- -- --
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
9 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons 12 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

WEST VIRGINIA

Table  97. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Psychological Distress in West Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Illicit Drug1 Use 113 16 37 61
     Past Year Marijuana Use 148 21 56 71
     Past Month Marijuana Use 86 11 31 45
     Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 60 8 20 32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 39 3 17 19
     Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 80 12 29 40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 729 49 53 627
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 16 8 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 565 22 106 437
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 297 16 79 203
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
610 47 61 501
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 608 27 111 470
     Past Month Cigarette Use 493 23 98 373
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,033 84 116 833
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
TREATMENT