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State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health from the
2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

 

71012

Table 1. Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 20,040   2,496   6,513   11,031  
Alabama 279 (237 - 327) 41 (34 - 50) 89 (75 - 105) 149 (116 - 190)
Alaska 58 (50 - 68) 7 (6 - 9) 17 (14 - 19) 34 (27 - 43)
Arizona 395 (334 - 465) 57 (46 - 69) 116 (97 - 138) 222 (173 - 284)
Arkansas 192 (163 - 224) 28 (23 - 34) 60 (51 - 71) 103 (80 - 132)
California 2,675 (2,452 - 2,916) 320 (283 - 361) 826 (759 - 898) 1,529 (1,331 - 1,753)
Colorado 384 (331 - 444) 40 (33 - 49) 136 (117 - 157) 208 (165 - 263)
Connecticut 268 (228 - 315) 31 (25 - 37) 92 (79 - 107) 145 (112 - 188)
Delaware 57 (49 - 66) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (17 - 23) 30 (23 - 38)
District of Columbia 53 (45 - 61) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (14 - 19) 32 (26 - 40)
Florida 1,218 (1,110 - 1,338) 143 (127 - 161) 381 (352 - 413) 693 (596 - 805)
Georgia 578 (484 - 689) 70 (56 - 86) 182 (153 - 215) 327 (251 - 424)
Hawaii 83 (68 - 101) 11 (8 - 13) 24 (20 - 29) 48 (35 - 64)
Idaho 84 (71 - 100) 11 (9 - 14) 29 (24 - 34) 44 (33 - 57)
Illinois 772 (703 - 848) 110 (98 - 124) 263 (240 - 288) 399 (339 - 469)
Indiana 417 (359 - 484) 53 (43 - 64) 142 (121 - 165) 222 (175 - 281)
Iowa 157 (131 - 187) 24 (20 - 30) 54 (45 - 64) 79 (59 - 105)
Kansas 177 (149 - 209) 21 (17 - 26) 59 (49 - 69) 98 (75 - 126)
Kentucky 242 (204 - 285) 34 (28 - 41) 76 (64 - 91) 131 (102 - 169)
Louisiana 299 (254 - 351) 36 (29 - 44) 100 (84 - 118) 163 (128 - 207)
Maine 113 (97 - 131) 14 (12 - 17) 39 (34 - 44) 60 (47 - 77)
Maryland 287 (239 - 344) 40 (32 - 49) 93 (77 - 111) 155 (117 - 205)
Massachusetts 537 (464 - 620) 59 (48 - 72) 190 (166 - 216) 288 (227 - 364)
Michigan 734 (676 - 798) 94 (84 - 105) 233 (215 - 252) 408 (356 - 467)
Minnesota 349 (295 - 411) 45 (36 - 55) 113 (96 - 133) 191 (147 - 247)
Mississippi 177 (148 - 210) 22 (18 - 27) 58 (49 - 70) 96 (73 - 125)
Missouri 385 (327 - 452) 49 (40 - 59) 123 (106 - 144) 212 (164 - 274)
Montana 84 (72 - 98) 10 (9 - 13) 26 (23 - 30) 48 (38 - 60)
Nebraska 102 (86 - 120) 13 (11 - 16) 39 (33 - 45) 50 (38 - 65)
Nevada 188 (160 - 221) 22 (17 - 27) 52 (44 - 61) 115 (90 - 144)
New Hampshire 98 (84 - 114) 12 (10 - 15) 37 (32 - 43) 49 (38 - 63)
New Jersey 537 (453 - 637) 69 (55 - 85) 166 (140 - 194) 303 (233 - 392)
New Mexico 132 (112 - 156) 20 (16 - 25) 46 (39 - 54) 66 (49 - 88)
New York 1,508 (1,376 - 1,652) 165 (147 - 185) 483 (444 - 524) 860 (743 - 993)
North Carolina 549 (466 - 645) 75 (61 - 92) 172 (145 - 202) 302 (234 - 388)
North Dakota 30 (24 - 37) 3 (3 - 4) 11 (9 - 14) 15 (11 - 22)
Ohio 754 (689 - 826) 97 (87 - 108) 245 (226 - 266) 412 (354 - 479)
Oklahoma 244 (202 - 294) 30 (24 - 38) 71 (60 - 85) 143 (108 - 188)
Oregon 295 (253 - 343) 34 (27 - 41) 87 (74 - 101) 174 (140 - 217)
Pennsylvania 798 (726 - 878) 93 (82 - 104) 259 (238 - 280) 447 (383 - 522)
Rhode Island 101 (87 - 116) 11 (9 - 13) 39 (34 - 44) 51 (40 - 65)
South Carolina 255 (216 - 301) 35 (28 - 43) 88 (74 - 103) 132 (101 - 172)
South Dakota 44 (37 - 52) 7 (5 - 8) 15 (13 - 18) 22 (16 - 30)
Tennessee 442 (380 - 513) 49 (40 - 60) 141 (121 - 163) 252 (200 - 316)
Texas 1,247 (1,135 - 1,368) 181 (159 - 205) 448 (407 - 493) 617 (525 - 725)
Utah 133 (111 - 159) 19 (15 - 24) 47 (38 - 57) 67 (50 - 89)
Vermont 59 (51 - 68) 7 (5 - 8) 22 (19 - 25) 31 (24 - 39)
Virginia 448 (377 - 531) 56 (46 - 69) 147 (124 - 172) 245 (188 - 318)
Washington 528 (452 - 614) 54 (44 - 66) 167 (144 - 192) 306 (243 - 385)
West Virginia 123 (106 - 143) 14 (11 - 17) 44 (38 - 50) 66 (51 - 84)
Wisconsin 333 (283 - 389) 44 (36 - 54) 118 (100 - 139) 170 (132 - 218)
Wyoming 37 (32 - 43) 4 (4 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 20 (16 - 26)

71012

Table 2. Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 25,379   3,366   9,141   12,871  
Alabama 303 (257 - 356) 42 (35 - 51) 108 (92 - 125) 153 (117 - 199)
Alaska 76 (67 - 85) 10 (9 - 12) 25 (22 - 27) 40 (33 - 49)
Arizona 438 (374 - 510) 76 (63 - 91) 158 (136 - 182) 205 (156 - 268)
Arkansas 230 (198 - 265) 33 (28 - 39) 80 (69 - 91) 117 (92 - 148)
California 3,336 (3,082 - 3,611) 433 (389 - 480) 1,159 (1,082 - 1,239) 1,745 (1,519 - 2,001)
Colorado 490 (427 - 559) 63 (53 - 74) 185 (165 - 206) 243 (191 - 306)
Connecticut 386 (335 - 444) 49 (42 - 57) 130 (116 - 146) 207 (163 - 260)
Delaware 73 (64 - 85) 9 (8 - 11) 28 (25 - 32) 36 (28 - 46)
District of Columbia 72 (63 - 81) 5 (4 - 6) 26 (24 - 29) 41 (33 - 49)
Florida 1,452 (1,339 - 1,576) 192 (174 - 212) 521 (489 - 554) 739 (638 - 855)
Georgia 726 (620 - 847) 93 (77 - 112) 264 (230 - 300) 370 (287 - 475)
Hawaii 105 (88 - 125) 14 (12 - 18) 35 (31 - 41) 55 (42 - 73)
Idaho 108 (93 - 125) 16 (13 - 19) 44 (38 - 50) 49 (37 - 63)
Illinois 983 (907 - 1,066) 138 (126 - 152) 377 (350 - 404) 468 (403 - 544)
Indiana 481 (417 - 554) 65 (55 - 77) 187 (165 - 211) 229 (178 - 293)
Iowa 199 (169 - 234) 28 (23 - 34) 75 (64 - 87) 96 (73 - 127)
Kansas 244 (211 - 281) 32 (26 - 37) 92 (81 - 105) 120 (94 - 152)
Kentucky 303 (259 - 352) 41 (35 - 49) 109 (94 - 125) 153 (118 - 197)
Louisiana 342 (293 - 399) 45 (38 - 55) 126 (109 - 145) 170 (131 - 220)
Maine 151 (132 - 172) 19 (16 - 22) 54 (48 - 59) 78 (62 - 98)
Maryland 424 (367 - 489) 60 (50 - 72) 163 (143 - 186) 201 (155 - 258)
Massachusetts 696 (611 - 791) 83 (70 - 98) 265 (239 - 291) 348 (276 - 437)
Michigan 999 (929 - 1,074) 124 (113 - 136) 360 (339 - 382) 515 (454 - 584)
Minnesota 482 (415 - 557) 59 (49 - 70) 166 (146 - 187) 257 (201 - 327)
Mississippi 199 (170 - 233) 27 (23 - 33) 72 (62 - 84) 100 (77 - 128)
Missouri 483 (418 - 557) 64 (54 - 76) 162 (142 - 183) 258 (204 - 324)
Montana 112 (98 - 127) 13 (11 - 16) 40 (36 - 44) 59 (47 - 73)
Nebraska 136 (117 - 157) 16 (14 - 20) 53 (47 - 60) 66 (51 - 85)
Nevada 216 (184 - 252) 30 (25 - 35) 68 (59 - 78) 118 (92 - 151)
New Hampshire 137 (119 - 157) 16 (13 - 19) 52 (47 - 58) 69 (54 - 87)
New Jersey 693 (596 - 805) 98 (82 - 115) 243 (213 - 276) 352 (271 - 455)
New Mexico 163 (141 - 189) 28 (23 - 33) 63 (55 - 72) 72 (55 - 95)
New York 1,952 (1,812 - 2,103) 232 (211 - 255) 673 (630 - 718) 1,047 (921 - 1,188)
North Carolina 707 (606 - 822) 93 (78 - 110) 247 (218 - 279) 367 (283 - 472)
North Dakota 40 (33 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 17 (15 - 20) 17 (12 - 23)
Ohio 1,012 (933 - 1,097) 133 (121 - 146) 353 (330 - 377) 525 (457 - 603)
Oklahoma 253 (215 - 296) 38 (31 - 46) 89 (76 - 103) 126 (96 - 164)
Oregon 408 (358 - 463) 53 (45 - 63) 130 (115 - 146) 224 (183 - 274)
Pennsylvania 1,091 (1,004 - 1,186) 140 (127 - 153) 387 (363 - 413) 564 (486 - 653)
Rhode Island 134 (118 - 152) 15 (13 - 18) 51 (47 - 57) 68 (54 - 84)
South Carolina 310 (268 - 360) 43 (36 - 51) 114 (98 - 131) 153 (119 - 195)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 64) 8 (7 - 10) 22 (19 - 25) 25 (19 - 33)
Tennessee 525 (452 - 607) 62 (52 - 74) 179 (158 - 203) 283 (222 - 358)
Texas 1,543 (1,418 - 1,678) 241 (216 - 268) 596 (549 - 646) 706 (603 - 826)
Utah 161 (137 - 190) 23 (19 - 29) 69 (58 - 82) 69 (52 - 92)
Vermont 83 (73 - 94) 9 (8 - 11) 30 (27 - 32) 44 (35 - 55)
Virginia 558 (484 - 644) 84 (70 - 99) 211 (185 - 239) 264 (205 - 338)
Washington 647 (564 - 740) 78 (66 - 92) 224 (199 - 251) 346 (277 - 429)
West Virginia 141 (122 - 162) 19 (16 - 22) 54 (48 - 60) 69 (54 - 88)
Wisconsin 472 (411 - 538) 61 (51 - 72) 187 (164 - 212) 224 (178 - 281)
Wyoming 48 (42 - 55) 7 (6 - 8) 18 (16 - 20) 24 (18 - 30)

71012

Table 3. Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 14,720   1,710   5,356   7,655  
Alabama 181 (146 - 223) 24 (19 - 32) 61 (50 - 75) 95 (68 - 131)
Alaska 46 (39 - 54) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (12 - 17) 26 (20 - 34)
Arizona 254 (208 - 307) 38 (29 - 49) 93 (76 - 113) 123 (90 - 167)
Arkansas 131 (108 - 158) 18 (14 - 23) 44 (36 - 53) 69 (51 - 93)
California 1,970 (1,770 - 2,192) 215 (184 - 250) 692 (628 - 762) 1,063 (888 - 1,270)
Colorado 295 (248 - 350) 29 (23 - 37) 110 (94 - 128) 156 (119 - 205)
Connecticut 222 (186 - 264) 25 (20 - 32) 81 (69 - 95) 116 (86 - 154)
Delaware 42 (35 - 50) 5 (4 - 6) 17 (14 - 20) 20 (15 - 27)
District of Columbia 40 (34 - 48) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 17) 24 (19 - 31)
Florida 850 (766 - 946) 97 (85 - 111) 316 (289 - 345) 437 (362 - 528)
Georgia 436 (356 - 530) 47 (36 - 61) 151 (125 - 182) 238 (176 - 319)
Hawaii 57 (46 - 71) 7 (5 - 9) 19 (16 - 24) 31 (22 - 43)
Idaho 62 (51 - 75) 8 (6 - 10) 24 (20 - 29) 30 (22 - 41)
Illinois 562 (505 - 625) 74 (64 - 86) 219 (198 - 241) 269 (222 - 326)
Indiana 286 (238 - 343) 34 (26 - 43) 110 (92 - 130) 142 (106 - 190)
Iowa 116 (96 - 140) 16 (12 - 21) 45 (37 - 55) 55 (40 - 75)
Kansas 131 (108 - 157) 15 (12 - 19) 48 (40 - 58) 67 (50 - 90)
Kentucky 171 (140 - 208) 22 (17 - 28) 62 (50 - 76) 87 (63 - 118)
Louisiana 198 (163 - 240) 22 (17 - 28) 78 (64 - 94) 98 (72 - 134)
Maine 102 (86 - 120) 12 (9 - 15) 37 (33 - 42) 53 (40 - 70)
Maryland 221 (180 - 271) 27 (21 - 36) 78 (63 - 95) 116 (84 - 158)
Massachusetts 429 (366 - 502) 46 (36 - 58) 168 (145 - 193) 215 (166 - 279)
Michigan 539 (490 - 594) 66 (58 - 75) 188 (170 - 207) 285 (243 - 335)
Minnesota 307 (256 - 367) 33 (26 - 42) 101 (85 - 120) 173 (133 - 225)
Mississippi 120 (99 - 146) 14 (11 - 18) 43 (35 - 53) 63 (47 - 85)
Missouri 261 (214 - 316) 32 (24 - 41) 93 (78 - 111) 136 (99 - 185)
Montana 73 (62 - 86) 8 (7 - 10) 24 (20 - 27) 41 (32 - 53)
Nebraska 75 (62 - 92) 8 (6 - 11) 31 (26 - 38) 36 (26 - 49)
Nevada 136 (112 - 164) 16 (12 - 20) 40 (33 - 48) 80 (61 - 105)
New Hampshire 85 (71 - 100) 9 (7 - 12) 34 (29 - 40) 41 (31 - 55)
New Jersey 379 (312 - 462) 47 (36 - 61) 134 (111 - 161) 198 (145 - 270)
New Mexico 96 (80 - 115) 14 (11 - 17) 38 (32 - 46) 44 (32 - 61)
New York 1,139 (1,033 - 1,256) 124 (108 - 142) 426 (390 - 465) 588 (496 - 698)
North Carolina 399 (330 - 482) 51 (39 - 65) 141 (119 - 167) 207 (153 - 280)
North Dakota 23 (18 - 29) 2 (2 - 3) 10 (8 - 12) 11 (8 - 17)
Ohio 584 (528 - 645) 68 (59 - 78) 207 (189 - 227) 308 (259 - 367)
Oklahoma 153 (124 - 188) 19 (14 - 25) 54 (44 - 66) 80 (58 - 110)
Oregon 242 (203 - 287) 25 (19 - 32) 73 (61 - 86) 144 (113 - 184)
Pennsylvania 605 (546 - 672) 66 (57 - 76) 224 (204 - 247) 316 (264 - 377)
Rhode Island 83 (71 - 97) 8 (7 - 11) 35 (30 - 39) 40 (30 - 53)
South Carolina 191 (158 - 231) 22 (17 - 28) 73 (60 - 88) 96 (71 - 129)
South Dakota 33 (27 - 40) 4 (3 - 6) 13 (11 - 16) 16 (12 - 22)
Tennessee 303 (251 - 365) 28 (21 - 37) 108 (90 - 128) 167 (125 - 222)
Texas 800 (713 - 895) 116 (99 - 135) 323 (289 - 361) 360 (291 - 446)
Utah 85 (68 - 105) 12 (8 - 16) 35 (27 - 44) 38 (26 - 54)
Vermont 52 (45 - 61) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (18 - 23) 27 (21 - 35)
Virginia 341 (283 - 412) 40 (30 - 51) 123 (103 - 147) 178 (133 - 239)
Washington 434 (361 - 519) 41 (32 - 52) 138 (116 - 162) 255 (195 - 332)
West Virginia 92 (77 - 109) 9 (7 - 12) 35 (30 - 41) 48 (36 - 64)
Wisconsin 259 (216 - 309) 31 (24 - 39) 100 (83 - 119) 129 (96 - 172)
Wyoming 29 (24 - 35) 3 (3 - 4) 11 (9 - 13) 15 (12 - 20)

71012

Table 4. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 95,031   8,705   7,994   78,332  
Alabama 1,857 (1,732 - 1,983) 153 (138 - 168) 173 (155 - 192) 1,531 (1,411 - 1,650)
Alaska 149 (135 - 164) 19 (16 - 22) 14 (12 - 16) 117 (104 - 131)
Arizona 1,892 (1,737 - 2,054) 162 (143 - 183) 170 (148 - 194) 1,560 (1,411 - 1,713)
Arkansas 1,049 (976 - 1,123) 86 (77 - 96) 82 (72 - 92) 881 (811 - 951)
California 10,972 (10,491 - 11,459) 1,107 (1,042 - 1,174) 1,078 (1,002 - 1,158) 8,786 (8,326 - 9,255)
Colorado 1,179 (1,070 - 1,295) 116 (102 - 131) 95 (79 - 113) 968 (866 - 1,077)
Connecticut 1,039 (942 - 1,140) 90 (80 - 100) 71 (60 - 83) 878 (786 - 975)
Delaware 271 (249 - 293) 25 (23 - 28) 20 (18 - 24) 225 (205 - 246)
District of Columbia 153 (139 - 167) 11 (9 - 12) 13 (10 - 15) 129 (117 - 143)
Florida 6,414 (6,156 - 6,672) 489 (461 - 517) 502 (468 - 537) 5,424 (5,176 - 5,673)
Georgia 3,202 (2,966 - 3,444) 295 (266 - 325) 315 (280 - 353) 2,592 (2,370 - 2,816)
Hawaii 390 (355 - 427) 33 (29 - 37) 36 (31 - 41) 321 (288 - 356)
Idaho 443 (408 - 479) 47 (43 - 52) 47 (41 - 54) 348 (315 - 383)
Illinois 4,081 (3,906 - 4,258) 399 (377 - 420) 362 (337 - 389) 3,320 (3,153 - 3,491)
Indiana 2,018 (1,862 - 2,178) 189 (171 - 209) 171 (149 - 195) 1,658 (1,510 - 1,810)
Iowa 982 (911 - 1,056) 85 (76 - 94) 84 (73 - 97) 813 (746 - 882)
Kansas 832 (766 - 900) 82 (74 - 90) 66 (56 - 77) 684 (622 - 747)
Kentucky 1,548 (1,440 - 1,659) 126 (114 - 138) 129 (114 - 145) 1,293 (1,191 - 1,396)
Louisiana 1,599 (1,480 - 1,718) 154 (140 - 168) 152 (133 - 172) 1,293 (1,182 - 1,405)
Maine 365 (332 - 400) 30 (27 - 34) 18 (15 - 22) 317 (285 - 350)
Maryland 1,807 (1,671 - 1,948) 161 (144 - 179) 143 (125 - 164) 1,503 (1,373 - 1,636)
Massachusetts 1,564 (1,411 - 1,726) 137 (120 - 155) 106 (89 - 127) 1,321 (1,175 - 1,476)
Michigan 2,955 (2,831 - 3,080) 318 (302 - 335) 232 (214 - 251) 2,404 (2,284 - 2,527)
Minnesota 1,364 (1,243 - 1,491) 139 (125 - 155) 105 (90 - 123) 1,119 (1,003 - 1,241)
Mississippi 1,224 (1,149 - 1,300) 115 (105 - 125) 125 (111 - 138) 985 (913 - 1,055)
Missouri 1,926 (1,778 - 2,078) 176 (158 - 194) 151 (131 - 173) 1,599 (1,459 - 1,743)
Montana 253 (229 - 278) 24 (22 - 27) 16 (14 - 19) 212 (190 - 236)
Nebraska 593 (550 - 637) 56 (51 - 62) 53 (46 - 61) 484 (443 - 525)
Nevada 705 (643 - 770) 68 (60 - 76) 63 (54 - 72) 575 (516 - 637)
New Hampshire 301 (269 - 335) 31 (27 - 35) 19 (16 - 24) 251 (220 - 284)
New Jersey 2,809 (2,582 - 3,042) 220 (195 - 246) 183 (155 - 213) 2,407 (2,187 - 2,632)
New Mexico 627 (576 - 680) 52 (45 - 58) 58 (50 - 66) 517 (469 - 567)
New York 6,188 (5,904 - 6,476) 518 (488 - 550) 479 (439 - 521) 5,191 (4,918 - 5,468)
North Carolina 2,910 (2,683 - 3,142) 232 (207 - 259) 225 (196 - 257) 2,453 (2,236 - 2,674)
North Dakota 210 (194 - 227) 18 (17 - 20) 21 (18 - 24) 171 (155 - 187)
Ohio 3,634 (3,478 - 3,792) 353 (335 - 371) 292 (271 - 315) 2,990 (2,838 - 3,143)
Oklahoma 1,184 (1,091 - 1,280) 103 (91 - 116) 114 (100 - 130) 967 (877 - 1,058)
Oregon 894 (806 - 987) 86 (76 - 97) 67 (56 - 81) 740 (658 - 828)
Pennsylvania 4,110 (3,932 - 4,289) 355 (336 - 375) 291 (270 - 314) 3,464 (3,290 - 3,640)
Rhode Island 279 (252 - 307) 25 (22 - 29) 21 (17 - 25) 233 (208 - 259)
South Carolina 1,456 (1,349 - 1,563) 125 (114 - 138) 118 (103 - 134) 1,213 (1,112 - 1,315)
South Dakota 255 (237 - 275) 25 (23 - 28) 24 (21 - 28) 205 (188 - 223)
Tennessee 2,078 (1,917 - 2,244) 176 (159 - 194) 152 (133 - 174) 1,749 (1,594 - 1,907)
Texas 8,016 (7,733 - 8,302) 782 (741 - 824) 742 (692 - 794) 6,492 (6,222 - 6,764)
Utah 832 (772 - 892) 103 (93 - 114) 120 (107 - 135) 608 (553 - 664)
Vermont 154 (139 - 171) 13 (12 - 15) 9 (8 - 11) 132 (117 - 147)
Virginia 2,362 (2,175 - 2,555) 221 (199 - 244) 173 (150 - 198) 1,968 (1,791 - 2,151)
Washington 1,485 (1,339 - 1,639) 157 (139 - 176) 110 (91 - 131) 1,218 (1,081 - 1,364)
West Virginia 691 (643 - 741) 52 (47 - 57) 48 (42 - 54) 591 (544 - 638)
Wisconsin 1,575 (1,445 - 1,712) 150 (134 - 168) 121 (103 - 142) 1,303 (1,179 - 1,433)
Wyoming 155 (142 - 168) 15 (13 - 16) 12 (10 - 14) 128 (116 - 141)

71012

Table 5. Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1÷2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 2,420   1,241   994   186  
Alabama 34 (29 - 41) 17 (14 - 21) 15 (11 - 19) 3 (1 - 5)
Alaska 5 (5 - 6) 3 (2 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Arizona 49 (41 - 58) 28 (23 - 35) 17 (13 - 23) 4 (2 - 7)
Arkansas 24 (20 - 28) 13 (10 - 16) 9 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 4)
California 292 (264 - 323) 156 (138 - 177) 116 (98 - 136) 20 (11 - 35)
Colorado 40 (33 - 47) 23 (19 - 28) 13 (10 - 17) 3 (2 - 7)
Connecticut 31 (27 - 37) 17 (14 - 21) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Delaware 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (3 - 4) 1 (0 - 1)
District of Columbia 5 (4 - 6) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Florida 135 (123 - 148) 71 (63 - 80) 54 (46 - 63) 9 (5 - 17)
Georgia 72 (61 - 85) 32 (26 - 41) 34 (26 - 44) 6 (3 - 11)
Hawaii 9 (8 - 11) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 2)
Idaho 11 (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 6) 1 (0 - 2)
Illinois 106 (96 - 117) 53 (47 - 60) 46 (39 - 53) 8 (4 - 13)
Indiana 51 (43 - 60) 28 (23 - 34) 19 (15 - 25) 4 (2 - 8)
Iowa 26 (22 - 31) 12 (10 - 15) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Kansas 23 (19 - 26) 10 (8 - 13) 10 (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 4)
Kentucky 33 (28 - 38) 16 (13 - 20) 14 (11 - 19) 2 (1 - 5)
Louisiana 38 (32 - 44) 20 (16 - 24) 15 (11 - 20) 3 (1 - 6)
Maine 13 (11 - 15) 7 (6 - 8) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 2)
Maryland 46 (39 - 54) 23 (19 - 28) 19 (15 - 25) 3 (2 - 7)
Massachusetts 56 (48 - 66) 27 (22 - 33) 24 (19 - 31) 5 (3 - 10)
Michigan 91 (82 - 100) 46 (41 - 52) 38 (33 - 44) 6 (4 - 11)
Minnesota 43 (36 - 51) 22 (17 - 27) 17 (13 - 23) 3 (2 - 7)
Mississippi 23 (19 - 27) 11 (9 - 14) 10 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 4)
Missouri 45 (38 - 54) 21 (17 - 27) 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 7)
Montana 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
Nebraska 15 (13 - 18) 6 (5 - 8) 8 (6 - 10) 1 (0 - 2)
Nevada 18 (15 - 22) 11 (9 - 14) 6 (4 - 7) 2 (1 - 3)
New Hampshire 12 (10 - 14) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2)
New Jersey 70 (60 - 82) 39 (31 - 47) 26 (20 - 33) 6 (3 - 11)
New Mexico 16 (14 - 19) 9 (7 - 11) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 2)
New York 156 (141 - 173) 79 (70 - 89) 64 (55 - 76) 13 (8 - 22)
North Carolina 66 (55 - 79) 33 (26 - 41) 26 (20 - 33) 7 (3 - 16)
North Dakota 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Ohio 96 (87 - 106) 50 (44 - 56) 40 (34 - 46) 6 (4 - 11)
Oklahoma 28 (23 - 33) 14 (11 - 17) 11 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 5)
Oregon 33 (27 - 39) 18 (14 - 22) 11 (9 - 15) 3 (2 - 7)
Pennsylvania 105 (96 - 116) 54 (48 - 60) 45 (39 - 51) 7 (4 - 12)
Rhode Island 10 (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
South Carolina 35 (30 - 42) 18 (15 - 22) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 5)
South Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Tennessee 47 (40 - 55) 24 (19 - 29) 19 (15 - 25) 4 (2 - 8)
Texas 181 (163 - 201) 93 (82 - 105) 72 (61 - 85) 16 (9 - 27)
Utah 21 (18 - 26) 10 (7 - 12) 10 (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3)
Vermont 6 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Virginia 57 (49 - 67) 31 (25 - 38) 22 (17 - 28) 4 (2 - 9)
Washington 54 (45 - 63) 26 (21 - 32) 23 (18 - 30) 4 (2 - 8)
West Virginia 13 (11 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2)
Wisconsin 51 (43 - 60) 24 (19 - 29) 24 (19 - 30) 4 (2 - 7)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)

71012

Table 6. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 9,289   1,252   2,877   5,160  
Alabama 152 (123 - 189) 23 (18 - 30) 49 (39 - 62) 80 (57 - 113)
Alaska 22 (18 - 28) 3 (3 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 12 (9 - 17)
Arizona 218 (173 - 273) 28 (21 - 37) 63 (49 - 80) 127 (91 - 176)
Arkansas 103 (83 - 128) 16 (12 - 21) 33 (26 - 41) 54 (39 - 76)
California 1,149 (1,006 - 1,313) 155 (131 - 183) 343 (298 - 395) 651 (529 - 800)
Colorado 162 (130 - 200) 20 (15 - 26) 53 (41 - 66) 89 (65 - 123)
Connecticut 113 (90 - 143) 14 (11 - 18) 36 (28 - 46) 63 (44 - 90)
Delaware 25 (20 - 32) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 14 (10 - 20)
District of Columbia 21 (17 - 27) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 20)
Florida 615 (540 - 701) 75 (65 - 87) 172 (152 - 194) 368 (301 - 449)
Georgia 245 (192 - 312) 37 (29 - 48) 68 (51 - 90) 139 (98 - 198)
Hawaii 34 (26 - 44) 5 (4 - 6) 10 (7 - 13) 20 (13 - 29)
Idaho 41 (32 - 51) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 17) 21 (15 - 30)
Illinois 349 (303 - 402) 53 (45 - 63) 102 (88 - 119) 193 (154 - 242)
Indiana 216 (176 - 264) 29 (22 - 37) 76 (61 - 94) 111 (80 - 154)
Iowa 76 (61 - 96) 13 (10 - 17) 24 (18 - 31) 40 (28 - 57)
Kansas 91 (72 - 114) 11 (8 - 14) 27 (21 - 35) 53 (38 - 73)
Kentucky 121 (97 - 150) 19 (15 - 24) 37 (29 - 47) 65 (46 - 90)
Louisiana 164 (133 - 202) 20 (16 - 26) 53 (42 - 66) 91 (66 - 125)
Maine 35 (27 - 43) 6 (4 - 7) 11 (9 - 14) 18 (12 - 25)
Maryland 142 (111 - 182) 21 (16 - 27) 39 (30 - 52) 82 (56 - 118)
Massachusetts 249 (202 - 306) 25 (19 - 32) 85 (68 - 104) 140 (102 - 191)
Michigan 350 (311 - 394) 46 (40 - 54) 110 (97 - 124) 194 (160 - 235)
Minnesota 135 (107 - 171) 23 (18 - 29) 45 (34 - 58) 68 (46 - 99)
Mississippi 88 (71 - 110) 12 (9 - 15) 28 (22 - 36) 48 (34 - 68)
Missouri 181 (147 - 222) 26 (20 - 32) 59 (46 - 74) 97 (70 - 133)
Montana 28 (22 - 35) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (7 - 11) 15 (10 - 20)
Nebraska 48 (38 - 60) 8 (6 - 10) 16 (12 - 21) 24 (17 - 35)
Nevada 85 (68 - 107) 10 (8 - 14) 27 (21 - 34) 48 (33 - 67)
New Hampshire 34 (27 - 43) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (9 - 15) 17 (12 - 25)
New Jersey 247 (194 - 314) 33 (25 - 43) 68 (52 - 87) 146 (102 - 209)
New Mexico 61 (49 - 75) 10 (7 - 12) 21 (17 - 27) 30 (21 - 42)
New York 618 (533 - 718) 72 (61 - 85) 168 (145 - 195) 378 (302 - 473)
North Carolina 285 (229 - 355) 38 (30 - 49) 86 (69 - 108) 161 (115 - 225)
North Dakota 13 (10 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 7 (4 - 11)
Ohio 328 (286 - 376) 48 (41 - 55) 103 (89 - 118) 177 (142 - 221)
Oklahoma 117 (94 - 146) 16 (12 - 21) 35 (27 - 46) 66 (48 - 91)
Oregon 116 (93 - 145) 15 (12 - 20) 40 (31 - 50) 61 (44 - 86)
Pennsylvania 333 (290 - 383) 46 (39 - 54) 108 (93 - 124) 180 (143 - 226)
Rhode Island 41 (33 - 49) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 19) 20 (14 - 28)
South Carolina 122 (98 - 152) 18 (14 - 23) 40 (31 - 51) 64 (45 - 90)
South Dakota 18 (14 - 23) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (4 - 7) 9 (6 - 14)
Tennessee 234 (188 - 291) 28 (22 - 36) 75 (60 - 93) 131 (93 - 183)
Texas 721 (637 - 817) 98 (83 - 114) 238 (207 - 273) 386 (316 - 470)
Utah 75 (60 - 94) 12 (9 - 16) 26 (20 - 33) 37 (26 - 52)
Vermont 21 (17 - 26) 3 (2 - 3) 9 (7 - 11) 10 (7 - 14)
Virginia 210 (167 - 262) 29 (23 - 37) 68 (53 - 88) 112 (79 - 159)
Washington 206 (164 - 258) 25 (19 - 32) 70 (56 - 88) 111 (78 - 158)
West Virginia 65 (53 - 80) 8 (6 - 10) 23 (19 - 28) 35 (25 - 48)
Wisconsin 148 (117 - 186) 23 (18 - 30) 48 (37 - 63) 77 (54 - 110)
Wyoming 16 (12 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 8 (6 - 11)

71012

Table 7. Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 5,797   417   2,253   3,126  
Alabama 84 (62 - 113) 6 (4 - 8) 31 (23 - 41) 47 (30 - 73)
Alaska 13 (10 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 7 (4 - 12)
Arizona 133 (103 - 172) 12 (8 - 18) 54 (42 - 69) 67 (44 - 103)
Arkansas 49 (38 - 65) 4 (3 - 6) 21 (16 - 27) 25 (16 - 38)
California 653 (554 - 770) 53 (41 - 69) 273 (233 - 318) 327 (248 - 431)
Colorado 107 (81 - 140) 8 (5 - 11) 43 (34 - 55) 56 (37 - 85)
Connecticut 79 (61 - 103) 6 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 40) 42 (28 - 64)
Delaware 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 10 (6 - 14)
District of Columbia 23 (17 - 31) 0 (0 - 0) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (13 - 26)
Florida 390 (330 - 463) 24 (18 - 31) 140 (122 - 160) 227 (174 - 296)
Georgia 152 (112 - 207) 12 (8 - 18) 49 (36 - 66) 91 (58 - 142)
Hawaii 19 (13 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 9) 11 (7 - 18)
Idaho 23 (18 - 30) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (9 - 15) 10 (6 - 15)
Illinois 245 (207 - 290) 17 (14 - 22) 90 (77 - 104) 138 (105 - 180)
Indiana 116 (89 - 150) 8 (6 - 12) 50 (39 - 64) 57 (37 - 88)
Iowa 45 (33 - 61) 5 (3 - 7) 20 (15 - 27) 21 (12 - 34)
Kansas 66 (49 - 88) 4 (3 - 6) 24 (18 - 31) 38 (25 - 58)
Kentucky 74 (56 - 98) 5 (4 - 8) 30 (22 - 39) 39 (25 - 61)
Louisiana 76 (56 - 103) 4 (3 - 6) 27 (21 - 36) 44 (27 - 70)
Maine 25 (19 - 32) 2 (1 - 3) 10 (8 - 13) 12 (8 - 19)
Maryland 97 (73 - 129) 7 (5 - 10) 32 (24 - 43) 58 (38 - 88)
Massachusetts 183 (143 - 234) 9 (6 - 13) 69 (55 - 86) 106 (72 - 155)
Michigan 183 (155 - 216) 14 (11 - 17) 74 (64 - 85) 96 (73 - 126)
Minnesota 99 (75 - 129) 8 (6 - 12) 41 (31 - 53) 50 (32 - 77)
Mississippi 46 (33 - 64) 3 (2 - 5) 14 (10 - 20) 29 (18 - 45)
Missouri 106 (82 - 138) 8 (6 - 12) 44 (34 - 57) 54 (35 - 82)
Montana 20 (16 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 9 (7 - 12) 9 (6 - 14)
Nebraska 34 (26 - 44) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (12 - 21) 16 (10 - 25)
Nevada 42 (31 - 55) 4 (3 - 6) 17 (13 - 22) 21 (13 - 33)
New Hampshire 27 (21 - 35) 2 (1 - 3) 13 (11 - 17) 12 (7 - 19)
New Jersey 152 (114 - 203) 12 (8 - 17) 53 (40 - 70) 87 (57 - 134)
New Mexico 36 (28 - 47) 3 (2 - 5) 16 (12 - 21) 17 (11 - 26)
New York 452 (378 - 541) 23 (18 - 30) 155 (133 - 179) 275 (210 - 359)
North Carolina 167 (127 - 219) 10 (7 - 15) 64 (49 - 82) 93 (61 - 141)
North Dakota 8 (6 - 12) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 7)
Ohio 229 (192 - 272) 15 (11 - 19) 83 (71 - 95) 132 (100 - 173)
Oklahoma 56 (42 - 74) 5 (3 - 7) 23 (17 - 30) 29 (18 - 45)
Oregon 59 (44 - 79) 6 (4 - 9) 23 (17 - 31) 29 (18 - 48)
Pennsylvania 232 (194 - 277) 14 (11 - 19) 88 (76 - 102) 129 (97 - 173)
Rhode Island 32 (24 - 41) 2 (1 - 2) 12 (9 - 15) 18 (12 - 27)
South Carolina 78 (59 - 104) 4 (3 - 6) 27 (21 - 36) 46 (30 - 71)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 9)
Tennessee 136 (102 - 181) 7 (5 - 10) 49 (39 - 63) 80 (52 - 123)
Texas 447 (381 - 525) 44 (34 - 57) 187 (161 - 218) 216 (163 - 286)
Utah 47 (36 - 61) 4 (3 - 7) 21 (15 - 28) 22 (14 - 33)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 1) 7 (5 - 8) 8 (5 - 11)
Virginia 146 (112 - 190) 9 (6 - 13) 60 (47 - 76) 77 (50 - 118)
Washington 130 (101 - 167) 9 (7 - 14) 61 (48 - 77) 60 (39 - 92)
West Virginia 40 (31 - 51) 3 (2 - 4) 18 (15 - 23) 19 (12 - 29)
Wisconsin 85 (64 - 114) 8 (5 - 12) 37 (27 - 49) 41 (25 - 67)
Wyoming 10 (8 - 12) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 7)

71012

Table 8. Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 12,232   1,779   4,050   6,403  
Alabama 201 (169 - 239) 34 (27 - 42) 71 (59 - 86) 96 (72 - 128)
Alaska 29 (24 - 34) 5 (4 - 7) 8 (7 - 10) 15 (11 - 20)
Arizona 276 (228 - 334) 43 (34 - 54) 84 (68 - 102) 150 (112 - 201)
Arkansas 146 (123 - 173) 23 (18 - 28) 53 (45 - 62) 70 (52 - 94)
California 1,482 (1,322 - 1,662) 214 (186 - 247) 456 (405 - 513) 812 (675 - 974)
Colorado 210 (175 - 252) 31 (24 - 39) 67 (54 - 82) 113 (85 - 149)
Connecticut 153 (126 - 185) 19 (15 - 25) 53 (44 - 64) 80 (59 - 109)
Delaware 36 (30 - 43) 6 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 18 (14 - 25)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 24) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 11 (8 - 16)
Florida 777 (695 - 868) 100 (86 - 115) 230 (207 - 256) 447 (375 - 533)
Georgia 353 (291 - 425) 53 (42 - 67) 113 (91 - 138) 187 (140 - 248)
Hawaii 40 (31 - 50) 6 (4 - 8) 12 (10 - 16) 22 (15 - 31)
Idaho 68 (58 - 81) 10 (8 - 13) 25 (21 - 30) 33 (25 - 43)
Illinois 461 (409 - 519) 66 (57 - 76) 147 (130 - 166) 248 (204 - 301)
Indiana 305 (259 - 359) 43 (34 - 53) 112 (94 - 133) 150 (114 - 196)
Iowa 110 (91 - 133) 17 (13 - 21) 40 (33 - 49) 53 (39 - 72)
Kansas 118 (98 - 142) 16 (13 - 21) 41 (34 - 50) 60 (45 - 81)
Kentucky 194 (163 - 230) 30 (24 - 37) 65 (54 - 78) 99 (75 - 130)
Louisiana 203 (170 - 242) 34 (27 - 42) 68 (57 - 82) 101 (76 - 134)
Maine 53 (44 - 64) 8 (6 - 10) 18 (15 - 22) 27 (20 - 36)
Maryland 183 (151 - 221) 30 (23 - 38) 59 (48 - 73) 94 (69 - 127)
Massachusetts 300 (250 - 359) 33 (25 - 42) 109 (91 - 130) 158 (119 - 209)
Michigan 469 (426 - 515) 71 (62 - 80) 157 (142 - 174) 240 (204 - 283)
Minnesota 188 (154 - 229) 28 (22 - 35) 67 (54 - 82) 94 (68 - 129)
Mississippi 102 (85 - 123) 18 (14 - 22) 35 (28 - 43) 50 (37 - 67)
Missouri 248 (210 - 294) 35 (28 - 43) 88 (74 - 105) 125 (94 - 164)
Montana 43 (36 - 51) 8 (6 - 9) 14 (12 - 17) 21 (16 - 28)
Nebraska 68 (55 - 82) 10 (8 - 13) 23 (19 - 28) 35 (25 - 47)
Nevada 123 (103 - 147) 17 (14 - 22) 41 (34 - 49) 65 (49 - 87)
New Hampshire 51 (42 - 63) 8 (6 - 10) 17 (14 - 21) 26 (19 - 36)
New Jersey 284 (231 - 349) 43 (34 - 55) 84 (67 - 104) 157 (114 - 215)
New Mexico 86 (71 - 103) 14 (11 - 18) 28 (22 - 34) 44 (33 - 59)
New York 692 (610 - 785) 94 (80 - 110) 215 (189 - 243) 383 (312 - 469)
North Carolina 344 (285 - 413) 52 (41 - 65) 110 (91 - 133) 182 (135 - 243)
North Dakota 22 (18 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 11 (8 - 16)
Ohio 484 (437 - 536) 71 (62 - 81) 172 (156 - 190) 240 (200 - 288)
Oklahoma 195 (162 - 234) 29 (23 - 36) 60 (49 - 72) 106 (80 - 141)
Oregon 165 (137 - 198) 24 (19 - 30) 51 (42 - 63) 89 (67 - 118)
Pennsylvania 428 (379 - 485) 61 (52 - 71) 147 (131 - 165) 220 (177 - 273)
Rhode Island 50 (41 - 59) 6 (4 - 7) 20 (17 - 24) 24 (18 - 32)
South Carolina 171 (144 - 204) 25 (19 - 31) 61 (51 - 73) 85 (64 - 114)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 9 (7 - 11) 12 (9 - 17)
Tennessee 310 (260 - 368) 43 (35 - 53) 108 (90 - 127) 159 (120 - 211)
Texas 881 (794 - 977) 140 (122 - 161) 306 (272 - 344) 434 (362 - 520)
Utah 121 (102 - 143) 18 (14 - 23) 45 (37 - 56) 57 (44 - 75)
Vermont 28 (23 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 10 (9 - 12) 13 (10 - 18)
Virginia 283 (234 - 341) 42 (33 - 52) 95 (78 - 115) 146 (107 - 197)
Washington 323 (269 - 386) 43 (34 - 54) 110 (91 - 131) 170 (128 - 227)
West Virginia 88 (74 - 104) 12 (10 - 15) 32 (28 - 38) 44 (33 - 58)
Wisconsin 224 (184 - 269) 33 (27 - 42) 76 (62 - 93) 114 (85 - 153)
Wyoming 22 (18 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 9) 11 (8 - 15)

71012

Table 9. Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 125,682   4,207   20,035   101,441  
Alabama 1,608 (1,485 - 1,734) 62 (53 - 72) 269 (250 - 289) 1,277 (1,160 - 1,396)
Alaska 276 (260 - 292) 10 (8 - 12) 43 (40 - 46) 223 (208 - 238)
Arizona 2,657 (2,495 - 2,819) 91 (77 - 107) 401 (373 - 427) 2,165 (2,011 - 2,315)
Arkansas 978 (902 - 1,055) 42 (36 - 48) 166 (154 - 178) 770 (699 - 844)
California 14,811 (14,299 - 15,322) 484 (439 - 533) 2,374 (2,288 - 2,460) 11,953 (11,470 - 12,432)
Colorado 2,250 (2,131 - 2,367) 71 (61 - 83) 353 (333 - 372) 1,826 (1,712 - 1,934)
Connecticut 1,775 (1,672 - 1,876) 60 (53 - 69) 251 (237 - 263) 1,464 (1,365 - 1,558)
Delaware 362 (340 - 384) 11 (10 - 13) 59 (55 - 62) 292 (271 - 313)
District of Columbia 288 (273 - 302) 5 (4 - 6) 51 (49 - 54) 231 (217 - 245)
Florida 8,011 (7,745 - 8,272) 234 (214 - 255) 1,033 (995 - 1,070) 6,744 (6,489 - 6,996)
Georgia 3,324 (3,076 - 3,576) 115 (98 - 136) 534 (494 - 574) 2,674 (2,439 - 2,910)
Hawaii 483 (445 - 520) 13 (11 - 16) 72 (67 - 78) 397 (361 - 433)
Idaho 544 (507 - 583) 21 (18 - 24) 87 (81 - 94) 436 (400 - 472)
Illinois 5,505 (5,330 - 5,679) 189 (173 - 205) 923 (894 - 951) 4,393 (4,227 - 4,558)
Indiana 2,549 (2,388 - 2,712) 80 (68 - 93) 433 (406 - 458) 2,037 (1,882 - 2,191)
Iowa 1,317 (1,242 - 1,391) 45 (39 - 52) 234 (221 - 246) 1,039 (967 - 1,109)
Kansas 1,193 (1,124 - 1,263) 46 (40 - 52) 218 (205 - 230) 930 (865 - 994)
Kentucky 1,469 (1,363 - 1,577) 54 (46 - 62) 246 (229 - 263) 1,169 (1,068 - 1,271)
Louisiana 1,753 (1,632 - 1,875) 68 (58 - 78) 302 (281 - 323) 1,383 (1,268 - 1,497)
Maine 620 (583 - 657) 20 (18 - 23) 89 (84 - 94) 510 (475 - 545)
Maryland 2,453 (2,307 - 2,599) 74 (64 - 87) 366 (344 - 387) 2,013 (1,873 - 2,150)
Massachusetts 3,120 (2,945 - 3,290) 90 (77 - 104) 488 (462 - 512) 2,542 (2,375 - 2,703)
Michigan 4,714 (4,573 - 4,853) 147 (134 - 161) 758 (737 - 778) 3,809 (3,673 - 3,942)
Minnesota 2,642 (2,512 - 2,769) 81 (70 - 93) 427 (407 - 446) 2,134 (2,009 - 2,253)
Mississippi 870 (799 - 944) 37 (32 - 43) 160 (146 - 174) 673 (606 - 742)
Missouri 2,402 (2,243 - 2,559) 86 (74 - 100) 426 (402 - 449) 1,890 (1,739 - 2,040)
Montana 448 (423 - 474) 17 (15 - 19) 76 (72 - 79) 356 (331 - 379)
Nebraska 779 (733 - 825) 28 (24 - 32) 149 (141 - 156) 602 (558 - 646)
Nevada 1,042 (975 - 1,110) 33 (28 - 39) 148 (138 - 158) 861 (796 - 924)
New Hampshire 675 (641 - 709) 21 (18 - 24) 97 (92 - 102) 557 (524 - 589)
New Jersey 4,080 (3,837 - 4,319) 146 (127 - 168) 562 (528 - 593) 3,372 (3,138 - 3,599)
New Mexico 726 (672 - 781) 30 (26 - 35) 132 (123 - 141) 564 (513 - 615)
New York 8,803 (8,522 - 9,081) 307 (283 - 334) 1,353 (1,306 - 1,399) 7,143 (6,872 - 7,410)
North Carolina 3,113 (2,877 - 3,349) 104 (89 - 122) 493 (459 - 528) 2,515 (2,293 - 2,741)
North Dakota 309 (291 - 326) 10 (9 - 11) 62 (59 - 65) 237 (220 - 253)
Ohio 4,908 (4,746 - 5,068) 169 (155 - 183) 826 (802 - 850) 3,913 (3,757 - 4,068)
Oklahoma 1,213 (1,116 - 1,311) 47 (40 - 55) 221 (204 - 239) 945 (854 - 1,037)
Oregon 1,682 (1,586 - 1,777) 55 (47 - 64) 240 (224 - 256) 1,387 (1,297 - 1,475)
Pennsylvania 5,462 (5,283 - 5,640) 168 (153 - 183) 841 (815 - 866) 4,454 (4,280 - 4,626)
Rhode Island 551 (522 - 579) 18 (15 - 20) 93 (89 - 97) 440 (413 - 466)
South Carolina 1,594 (1,482 - 1,708) 51 (44 - 60) 254 (236 - 272) 1,288 (1,182 - 1,395)
South Dakota 374 (354 - 393) 12 (10 - 14) 69 (65 - 72) 293 (274 - 311)
Tennessee 2,109 (1,936 - 2,285) 67 (56 - 79) 349 (324 - 373) 1,693 (1,528 - 1,861)
Texas 9,095 (8,790 - 9,399) 344 (314 - 376) 1,590 (1,534 - 1,646) 7,161 (6,871 - 7,449)
Utah 632 (572 - 695) 27 (21 - 34) 135 (120 - 150) 471 (415 - 529)
Vermont 324 (306 - 342) 11 (9 - 12) 52 (49 - 54) 262 (245 - 279)
Virginia 3,201 (2,995 - 3,404) 93 (79 - 109) 478 (449 - 507) 2,629 (2,433 - 2,822)
Washington 2,862 (2,692 - 3,031) 92 (79 - 106) 454 (427 - 479) 2,317 (2,154 - 2,475)
West Virginia 563 (514 - 613) 23 (19 - 27) 102 (95 - 109) 438 (391 - 487)
Wisconsin 2,923 (2,781 - 3,063) 91 (78 - 105) 451 (427 - 473) 2,381 (2,245 - 2,510)
Wyoming 241 (227 - 254) 9 (8 - 10) 43 (41 - 45) 189 (176 - 202)

71012

Table 10. Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 55,835   2,563   13,707   39,565  
Alabama 710 (626 - 802) 35 (28 - 43) 170 (152 - 189) 505 (429 - 590)
Alaska 113 (101 - 126) 7 (5 - 8) 27 (24 - 29) 80 (69 - 92)
Arizona 1,118 (1,005 - 1,239) 56 (46 - 69) 270 (244 - 297) 792 (689 - 906)
Arkansas 475 (424 - 531) 28 (23 - 34) 117 (106 - 129) 331 (284 - 383)
California 6,124 (5,760 - 6,505) 304 (268 - 344) 1,542 (1,460 - 1,626) 4,278 (3,936 - 4,642)
Colorado 949 (855 - 1,048) 43 (35 - 53) 242 (221 - 264) 663 (578 - 756)
Connecticut 734 (662 - 812) 36 (29 - 43) 174 (159 - 189) 525 (458 - 597)
Delaware 150 (135 - 166) 7 (5 - 8) 39 (36 - 43) 104 (90 - 119)
District of Columbia 135 (123 - 148) 3 (2 - 3) 36 (33 - 39) 96 (85 - 109)
Florida 3,349 (3,154 - 3,553) 132 (117 - 148) 673 (639 - 708) 2,544 (2,356 - 2,743)
Georgia 1,457 (1,289 - 1,641) 65 (53 - 80) 355 (318 - 393) 1,037 (884 - 1,210)
Hawaii 221 (196 - 248) 9 (7 - 12) 50 (45 - 56) 162 (138 - 188)
Idaho 256 (230 - 285) 14 (11 - 17) 64 (58 - 71) 178 (154 - 205)
Illinois 2,671 (2,524 - 2,824) 115 (103 - 129) 658 (628 - 689) 1,897 (1,757 - 2,045)
Indiana 1,089 (980 - 1,207) 49 (40 - 60) 289 (262 - 315) 751 (652 - 861)
Iowa 674 (615 - 735) 28 (23 - 34) 177 (164 - 191) 469 (415 - 527)
Kansas 571 (518 - 627) 31 (26 - 37) 155 (142 - 169) 384 (337 - 437)
Kentucky 754 (679 - 834) 34 (28 - 42) 172 (155 - 189) 548 (480 - 623)
Louisiana 840 (754 - 934) 40 (33 - 49) 193 (174 - 213) 607 (528 - 695)
Maine 254 (228 - 282) 12 (10 - 14) 61 (56 - 67) 181 (157 - 207)
Maryland 933 (837 - 1,036) 44 (36 - 53) 219 (197 - 241) 671 (583 - 768)
Massachusetts 1,349 (1,224 - 1,481) 58 (47 - 70) 364 (336 - 391) 927 (812 - 1,053)
Michigan 2,128 (2,021 - 2,238) 89 (80 - 100) 530 (507 - 553) 1,508 (1,407 - 1,615)
Minnesota 1,193 (1,086 - 1,305) 56 (47 - 66) 299 (275 - 322) 838 (739 - 946)
Mississippi 433 (385 - 487) 20 (16 - 25) 108 (96 - 121) 305 (261 - 354)
Missouri 1,148 (1,035 - 1,270) 53 (44 - 63) 304 (281 - 328) 791 (686 - 907)
Montana 226 (206 - 247) 12 (10 - 14) 59 (55 - 63) 155 (136 - 176)
Nebraska 385 (350 - 422) 18 (15 - 22) 105 (97 - 113) 262 (230 - 297)
Nevada 476 (427 - 529) 21 (17 - 26) 104 (94 - 114) 350 (305 - 401)
New Hampshire 265 (239 - 292) 13 (10 - 15) 70 (64 - 75) 182 (159 - 208)
New Jersey 1,610 (1,439 - 1,796) 87 (72 - 105) 381 (348 - 414) 1,142 (983 - 1,318)
New Mexico 322 (286 - 361) 17 (14 - 22) 85 (77 - 93) 219 (187 - 256)
New York 3,774 (3,550 - 4,007) 185 (166 - 206) 922 (877 - 968) 2,666 (2,459 - 2,886)
North Carolina 1,390 (1,233 - 1,560) 62 (50 - 76) 322 (291 - 355) 1,006 (861 - 1,169)
North Dakota 161 (147 - 175) 6 (5 - 8) 48 (44 - 51) 107 (94 - 120)
Ohio 2,326 (2,205 - 2,453) 103 (92 - 114) 591 (567 - 616) 1,633 (1,517 - 1,755)
Oklahoma 613 (549 - 682) 30 (24 - 38) 154 (138 - 170) 429 (371 - 493)
Oregon 665 (599 - 735) 34 (28 - 41) 156 (140 - 173) 475 (415 - 541)
Pennsylvania 2,411 (2,276 - 2,552) 103 (92 - 115) 598 (571 - 625) 1,710 (1,582 - 1,846)
Rhode Island 244 (222 - 268) 10 (8 - 12) 64 (59 - 69) 170 (149 - 193)
South Carolina 735 (658 - 819) 29 (23 - 35) 170 (152 - 187) 536 (466 - 615)
South Dakota 179 (163 - 196) 8 (6 - 9) 48 (45 - 52) 124 (109 - 139)
Tennessee 1,021 (907 - 1,145) 37 (30 - 47) 253 (228 - 279) 730 (625 - 847)
Texas 4,421 (4,189 - 4,662) 206 (183 - 231) 1,096 (1,041 - 1,153) 3,119 (2,902 - 3,347)
Utah 339 (297 - 386) 19 (14 - 24) 103 (90 - 117) 217 (180 - 260)
Vermont 140 (127 - 153) 7 (5 - 8) 38 (35 - 40) 95 (84 - 108)
Virginia 1,344 (1,209 - 1,491) 56 (45 - 68) 321 (291 - 352) 967 (842 - 1,105)
Washington 1,199 (1,077 - 1,330) 58 (48 - 70) 283 (256 - 311) 857 (746 - 981)
West Virginia 292 (261 - 326) 14 (11 - 17) 77 (70 - 84) 202 (173 - 234)
Wisconsin 1,363 (1,244 - 1,487) 56 (47 - 67) 339 (312 - 365) 968 (858 - 1,086)
Wyoming 108 (98 - 119) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (28 - 32) 72 (63 - 82)

71012

Table 11. Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 101,992   9,870   10,670   81,452  
Alabama 1,702 (1,578 - 1,828) 163 (148 - 177) 179 (162 - 198) 1,360 (1,242 - 1,479)
Alaska 193 (178 - 209) 23 (21 - 26) 21 (18 - 23) 149 (135 - 165)
Arizona 1,977 (1,819 - 2,141) 188 (168 - 208) 214 (192 - 238) 1,575 (1,423 - 1,732)
Arkansas 988 (918 - 1,059) 92 (84 - 101) 106 (95 - 117) 790 (723 - 858)
California 13,414 (12,932 - 13,898) 1,340 (1,276 - 1,405) 1,612 (1,529 - 1,697) 10,462 (9,998 - 10,928)
Colorado 1,457 (1,339 - 1,578) 129 (116 - 144) 153 (135 - 172) 1,174 (1,064 - 1,288)
Connecticut 1,168 (1,072 - 1,267) 107 (97 - 117) 107 (94 - 120) 955 (862 - 1,050)
Delaware 291 (270 - 313) 27 (25 - 30) 29 (25 - 32) 235 (215 - 256)
District of Columbia 204 (190 - 218) 16 (15 - 17) 23 (20 - 26) 165 (152 - 179)
Florida 6,614 (6,350 - 6,879) 549 (522 - 577) 681 (648 - 715) 5,384 (5,127 - 5,642)
Georgia 3,520 (3,272 - 3,772) 361 (330 - 391) 380 (342 - 419) 2,780 (2,545 - 3,016)
Hawaii 434 (399 - 470) 42 (38 - 46) 42 (37 - 47) 350 (316 - 384)
Idaho 468 (433 - 505) 50 (45 - 54) 53 (47 - 59) 365 (332 - 400)
Illinois 4,076 (3,909 - 4,246) 417 (395 - 439) 442 (414 - 470) 3,218 (3,057 - 3,382)
Indiana 2,067 (1,916 - 2,222) 204 (186 - 223) 212 (191 - 236) 1,651 (1,507 - 1,798)
Iowa 873 (804 - 945) 86 (78 - 94) 82 (71 - 93) 705 (640 - 773)
Kansas 889 (822 - 959) 89 (81 - 97) 82 (71 - 94) 718 (654 - 784)
Kentucky 1,454 (1,349 - 1,563) 124 (113 - 136) 143 (127 - 159) 1,187 (1,085 - 1,291)
Louisiana 1,568 (1,454 - 1,684) 165 (151 - 179) 208 (188 - 228) 1,196 (1,088 - 1,305)
Maine 434 (400 - 470) 37 (33 - 40) 30 (26 - 34) 368 (334 - 403)
Maryland 2,055 (1,914 - 2,198) 196 (178 - 214) 206 (185 - 229) 1,653 (1,518 - 1,788)
Massachusetts 1,869 (1,711 - 2,034) 175 (158 - 194) 186 (165 - 210) 1,507 (1,354 - 1,668)
Michigan 3,205 (3,073 - 3,339) 343 (326 - 360) 318 (298 - 338) 2,545 (2,417 - 2,675)
Minnesota 1,435 (1,315 - 1,562) 147 (132 - 163) 137 (120 - 156) 1,151 (1,036 - 1,271)
Mississippi 1,113 (1,040 - 1,187) 115 (106 - 124) 130 (117 - 143) 868 (799 - 938)
Missouri 1,918 (1,768 - 2,071) 183 (167 - 200) 172 (152 - 195) 1,562 (1,418 - 1,710)
Montana 285 (261 - 309) 26 (23 - 28) 27 (24 - 31) 232 (210 - 256)
Nebraska 534 (492 - 578) 54 (49 - 59) 52 (46 - 59) 428 (387 - 469)
Nevada 834 (771 - 898) 77 (70 - 85) 90 (80 - 99) 667 (608 - 728)
New Hampshire 378 (347 - 412) 37 (34 - 41) 32 (27 - 36) 310 (279 - 341)
New Jersey 3,097 (2,866 - 3,331) 271 (245 - 297) 287 (255 - 321) 2,539 (2,320 - 2,761)
New Mexico 754 (706 - 804) 70 (63 - 77) 86 (78 - 95) 598 (551 - 645)
New York 6,857 (6,584 - 7,132) 628 (596 - 662) 662 (618 - 707) 5,567 (5,303 - 5,833)
North Carolina 3,249 (3,002 - 3,499) 291 (264 - 318) 275 (246 - 307) 2,682 (2,443 - 2,923)
North Dakota 179 (164 - 195) 17 (15 - 18) 20 (17 - 23) 142 (128 - 158)
Ohio 3,596 (3,448 - 3,747) 370 (351 - 389) 364 (342 - 387) 2,862 (2,718 - 3,010)
Oklahoma 1,240 (1,148 - 1,333) 116 (104 - 128) 139 (124 - 155) 985 (898 - 1,074)
Oregon 1,204 (1,113 - 1,297) 109 (98 - 120) 117 (102 - 132) 978 (892 - 1,067)
Pennsylvania 3,950 (3,781 - 4,120) 394 (375 - 414) 367 (344 - 391) 3,189 (3,023 - 3,358)
Rhode Island 352 (324 - 381) 32 (29 - 36) 34 (30 - 39) 285 (258 - 313)
South Carolina 1,558 (1,447 - 1,670) 154 (141 - 166) 163 (147 - 180) 1,241 (1,136 - 1,348)
South Dakota 217 (199 - 236) 23 (21 - 25) 21 (18 - 24) 173 (156 - 191)
Tennessee 2,080 (1,919 - 2,243) 192 (176 - 208) 210 (188 - 234) 1,677 (1,524 - 1,834)
Texas 8,161 (7,865 - 8,459) 857 (816 - 898) 928 (876 - 981) 6,376 (6,091 - 6,663)
Utah 913 (848 - 977) 108 (98 - 119) 144 (129 - 160) 660 (600 - 721)
Vermont 187 (171 - 203) 16 (15 - 18) 15 (13 - 17) 155 (140 - 171)
Virginia 2,642 (2,453 - 2,835) 250 (228 - 272) 261 (234 - 290) 2,132 (1,950 - 2,317)
Washington 1,967 (1,813 - 2,126) 185 (167 - 204) 197 (173 - 222) 1,585 (1,440 - 1,735)
West Virginia 689 (639 - 740) 53 (48 - 58) 60 (53 - 66) 576 (528 - 626)
Wisconsin 1,522 (1,388 - 1,662) 161 (145 - 178) 154 (134 - 175) 1,207 (1,081 - 1,340)
Wyoming 159 (146 - 173) 15 (13 - 16) 16 (14 - 18) 129 (116 - 142)

71012

Table 12. Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 10,821   7,218  
Alabama 150 (134 - 166) 91 (79 - 103)
Alaska 27 (24 - 29) 18 (16 - 20)
Arizona 222 (200 - 245) 148 (130 - 168)
Arkansas 106 (96 - 116) 72 (63 - 81)
California 1,265 (1,193 - 1,339) 816 (754 - 882)
Colorado 183 (167 - 200) 119 (105 - 134)
Connecticut 134 (121 - 146) 89 (79 - 100)
Delaware 31 (28 - 34) 20 (17 - 23)
District of Columbia 18 (16 - 20) 11 (10 - 13)
Florida 591 (560 - 624) 378 (352 - 406)
Georgia 307 (276 - 339) 188 (165 - 214)
Hawaii 35 (31 - 39) 25 (22 - 29)
Idaho 50 (44 - 56) 36 (32 - 41)
Illinois 471 (447 - 496) 321 (299 - 343)
Indiana 226 (204 - 249) 156 (138 - 175)
Iowa 118 (108 - 129) 87 (78 - 96)
Kansas 118 (108 - 129) 88 (78 - 98)
Kentucky 137 (125 - 151) 93 (82 - 104)
Louisiana 162 (147 - 178) 97 (85 - 110)
Maine 54 (49 - 58) 37 (33 - 41)
Maryland 185 (168 - 203) 111 (97 - 126)
Massachusetts 258 (236 - 281) 189 (170 - 209)
Michigan 386 (367 - 406) 267 (251 - 284)
Minnesota 201 (184 - 219) 146 (131 - 162)
Mississippi 100 (89 - 111) 66 (57 - 75)
Missouri 227 (208 - 247) 153 (136 - 170)
Montana 40 (37 - 44) 30 (27 - 34)
Nebraska 76 (70 - 82) 54 (48 - 59)
Nevada 83 (75 - 91) 56 (50 - 63)
New Hampshire 55 (50 - 60) 38 (35 - 43)
New Jersey 344 (315 - 374) 220 (194 - 248)
New Mexico 72 (65 - 80) 47 (41 - 53)
New York 749 (711 - 789) 496 (462 - 532)
North Carolina 261 (234 - 290) 170 (150 - 193)
North Dakota 32 (30 - 35) 25 (22 - 27)
Ohio 448 (427 - 470) 313 (294 - 333)
Oklahoma 111 (99 - 124) 78 (68 - 90)
Oregon 130 (117 - 143) 85 (75 - 97)
Pennsylvania 458 (435 - 482) 315 (295 - 336)
Rhode Island 50 (46 - 54) 33 (29 - 36)
South Carolina 130 (116 - 144) 83 (73 - 95)
South Dakota 35 (32 - 38) 24 (22 - 27)
Tennessee 178 (161 - 197) 115 (101 - 132)
Texas 844 (798 - 892) 545 (506 - 587)
Utah 81 (70 - 93) 64 (55 - 74)
Vermont 32 (30 - 35) 24 (22 - 26)
Virginia 253 (230 - 278) 170 (151 - 190)
Washington 249 (227 - 271) 166 (147 - 186)
West Virginia 60 (54 - 66) 42 (37 - 47)
Wisconsin 268 (248 - 289) 190 (172 - 210)
Wyoming 22 (20 - 24) 15 (14 - 17)

71012

Table 13. Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 72,187   3,299   14,383   54,504  
Alabama 1,272 (1,165 - 1,383) 59 (50 - 69) 231 (212 - 250) 982 (881 - 1,090)
Alaska 156 (143 - 169) 10 (8 - 12) 35 (32 - 38) 111 (99 - 123)
Arizona 1,370 (1,238 - 1,509) 71 (59 - 85) 276 (250 - 302) 1,023 (901 - 1,155)
Arkansas 819 (751 - 890) 38 (33 - 45) 156 (144 - 167) 625 (560 - 693)
California 6,658 (6,255 - 7,077) 312 (275 - 353) 1,403 (1,324 - 1,485) 4,942 (4,562 - 5,345)
Colorado 1,017 (921 - 1,119) 56 (47 - 66) 237 (215 - 258) 725 (636 - 822)
Connecticut 740 (664 - 823) 38 (31 - 45) 166 (151 - 181) 537 (465 - 617)
Delaware 199 (181 - 218) 9 (7 - 10) 39 (35 - 43) 151 (134 - 169)
District of Columbia 137 (125 - 150) 3 (3 - 4) 28 (25 - 31) 106 (94 - 118)
Florida 4,217 (3,985 - 4,459) 162 (145 - 180) 728 (694 - 763) 3,328 (3,102 - 3,563)
Georgia 2,170 (1,971 - 2,380) 98 (82 - 116) 408 (369 - 448) 1,664 (1,477 - 1,864)
Hawaii 229 (203 - 258) 9 (7 - 11) 46 (41 - 51) 175 (150 - 202)
Idaho 325 (296 - 357) 16 (13 - 20) 72 (65 - 79) 237 (210 - 267)
Illinois 3,157 (3,001 - 3,318) 140 (126 - 155) 646 (617 - 675) 2,371 (2,221 - 2,527)
Indiana 1,722 (1,587 - 1,863) 77 (65 - 90) 344 (317 - 370) 1,301 (1,172 - 1,437)
Iowa 780 (719 - 843) 39 (33 - 45) 175 (162 - 188) 567 (510 - 627)
Kansas 739 (680 - 800) 37 (32 - 44) 157 (144 - 171) 544 (490 - 601)
Kentucky 1,316 (1,221 - 1,414) 67 (58 - 76) 248 (232 - 265) 1,001 (911 - 1,096)
Louisiana 1,181 (1,079 - 1,288) 51 (42 - 60) 229 (209 - 250) 901 (805 - 1,003)
Maine 351 (322 - 382) 17 (15 - 20) 69 (64 - 74) 265 (237 - 295)
Maryland 1,181 (1,071 - 1,298) 54 (45 - 65) 230 (209 - 252) 897 (794 - 1,008)
Massachusetts 1,532 (1,395 - 1,677) 74 (62 - 88) 312 (286 - 339) 1,146 (1,016 - 1,285)
Michigan 2,728 (2,606 - 2,853) 119 (108 - 132) 553 (530 - 577) 2,055 (1,937 - 2,177)
Minnesota 1,290 (1,181 - 1,404) 67 (57 - 79) 308 (285 - 330) 916 (814 - 1,024)
Mississippi 782 (719 - 849) 34 (28 - 40) 152 (139 - 165) 597 (537 - 660)
Missouri 1,706 (1,567 - 1,850) 78 (66 - 91) 320 (296 - 344) 1,309 (1,178 - 1,446)
Montana 271 (249 - 294) 14 (12 - 16) 56 (52 - 60) 201 (180 - 223)
Nebraska 438 (399 - 479) 21 (18 - 25) 96 (89 - 104) 321 (284 - 359)
Nevada 622 (565 - 682) 25 (20 - 30) 105 (96 - 115) 492 (437 - 550)
New Hampshire 300 (272 - 330) 15 (12 - 17) 65 (59 - 71) 220 (195 - 249)
New Jersey 1,835 (1,652 - 2,031) 96 (79 - 115) 364 (331 - 397) 1,376 (1,202 - 1,566)
New Mexico 452 (411 - 495) 25 (21 - 30) 106 (98 - 115) 320 (282 - 362)
New York 4,409 (4,171 - 4,657) 188 (169 - 210) 878 (832 - 924) 3,343 (3,114 - 3,583)
North Carolina 2,237 (2,036 - 2,447) 103 (87 - 121) 426 (394 - 459) 1,708 (1,517 - 1,913)
North Dakota 164 (149 - 179) 8 (6 - 9) 40 (37 - 44) 116 (102 - 130)
Ohio 3,200 (3,054 - 3,350) 154 (140 - 168) 638 (612 - 663) 2,409 (2,269 - 2,552)
Oklahoma 1,068 (982 - 1,157) 48 (40 - 57) 207 (191 - 224) 813 (732 - 898)
Oregon 834 (759 - 914) 42 (35 - 50) 175 (159 - 190) 618 (548 - 693)
Pennsylvania 3,266 (3,108 - 3,429) 154 (140 - 169) 619 (593 - 646) 2,493 (2,340 - 2,650)
Rhode Island 261 (237 - 287) 12 (10 - 14) 57 (52 - 62) 192 (170 - 217)
South Carolina 1,192 (1,097 - 1,292) 54 (46 - 63) 221 (204 - 239) 917 (826 - 1,013)
South Dakota 208 (191 - 225) 12 (10 - 14) 45 (42 - 49) 151 (135 - 167)
Tennessee 1,892 (1,742 - 2,048) 80 (69 - 93) 333 (308 - 358) 1,480 (1,335 - 1,630)
Texas 5,628 (5,352 - 5,911) 243 (218 - 270) 1,133 (1,078 - 1,190) 4,252 (3,989 - 4,524)
Utah 431 (383 - 483) 23 (18 - 29) 110 (96 - 124) 298 (255 - 347)
Vermont 160 (146 - 176) 9 (7 - 10) 38 (35 - 40) 114 (101 - 129)
Virginia 1,796 (1,633 - 1,970) 79 (66 - 94) 377 (347 - 407) 1,340 (1,186 - 1,506)
Washington 1,456 (1,322 - 1,599) 66 (55 - 79) 295 (269 - 322) 1,095 (968 - 1,232)
West Virginia 627 (579 - 677) 25 (22 - 29) 99 (92 - 106) 503 (456 - 552)
Wisconsin 1,513 (1,390 - 1,641) 65 (54 - 77) 299 (275 - 324) 1,148 (1,032 - 1,271)
Wyoming 149 (136 - 161) 8 (7 - 9) 32 (30 - 34) 108 (97 - 120)

71012

Table 14. Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 61,044   2,683   12,625   45,736  
Alabama 1,045 (947 - 1,148) 45 (38 - 54) 195 (177 - 214) 804 (711 - 905)
Alaska 127 (115 - 139) 7 (6 - 8) 30 (27 - 32) 91 (80 - 102)
Arizona 1,159 (1,045 - 1,281) 59 (49 - 72) 236 (211 - 262) 864 (758 - 979)
Arkansas 668 (607 - 733) 32 (27 - 39) 138 (126 - 150) 498 (440 - 561)
California 5,846 (5,464 - 6,246) 258 (225 - 295) 1,251 (1,175 - 1,331) 4,337 (3,971 - 4,728)
Colorado 851 (766 - 942) 43 (36 - 51) 207 (187 - 228) 601 (523 - 688)
Connecticut 623 (555 - 697) 31 (25 - 37) 147 (133 - 162) 446 (382 - 517)
Delaware 172 (155 - 190) 7 (6 - 9) 34 (31 - 38) 131 (114 - 148)
District of Columbia 122 (111 - 134) 3 (2 - 3) 26 (23 - 29) 94 (83 - 105)
Florida 3,557 (3,339 - 3,787) 134 (119 - 151) 623 (587 - 659) 2,800 (2,587 - 3,025)
Georgia 1,723 (1,540 - 1,920) 79 (65 - 96) 351 (314 - 390) 1,293 (1,124 - 1,479)
Hawaii 203 (178 - 230) 7 (6 - 9) 42 (37 - 47) 154 (130 - 181)
Idaho 274 (247 - 304) 13 (11 - 16) 62 (56 - 69) 199 (174 - 227)
Illinois 2,713 (2,566 - 2,865) 116 (103 - 129) 572 (543 - 602) 2,025 (1,884 - 2,173)
Indiana 1,455 (1,328 - 1,591) 64 (54 - 76) 302 (276 - 329) 1,089 (968 - 1,219)
Iowa 630 (571 - 691) 31 (26 - 37) 147 (134 - 161) 451 (397 - 509)
Kansas 598 (542 - 657) 29 (25 - 34) 134 (122 - 148) 434 (382 - 490)
Kentucky 1,064 (969 - 1,164) 53 (45 - 63) 219 (201 - 238) 791 (701 - 888)
Louisiana 968 (875 - 1,067) 41 (34 - 49) 203 (183 - 223) 724 (637 - 819)
Maine 306 (277 - 336) 14 (12 - 16) 60 (55 - 66) 232 (204 - 261)
Maryland 1,017 (915 - 1,126) 47 (38 - 57) 205 (184 - 228) 765 (669 - 869)
Massachusetts 1,277 (1,151 - 1,413) 54 (44 - 65) 268 (243 - 294) 955 (835 - 1,086)
Michigan 2,347 (2,226 - 2,472) 102 (92 - 113) 496 (474 - 519) 1,749 (1,634 - 1,869)
Minnesota 1,071 (970 - 1,177) 54 (45 - 65) 277 (254 - 300) 740 (648 - 840)
Mississippi 638 (577 - 702) 26 (21 - 31) 124 (112 - 138) 488 (431 - 548)
Missouri 1,427 (1,302 - 1,557) 65 (55 - 77) 280 (257 - 304) 1,082 (964 - 1,207)
Montana 218 (198 - 240) 11 (9 - 13) 45 (42 - 50) 162 (143 - 182)
Nebraska 371 (335 - 410) 17 (14 - 21) 84 (76 - 93) 270 (236 - 307)
Nevada 539 (486 - 597) 21 (18 - 26) 95 (86 - 105) 423 (372 - 478)
New Hampshire 254 (228 - 282) 12 (10 - 15) 58 (53 - 64) 184 (160 - 210)
New Jersey 1,522 (1,354 - 1,705) 83 (69 - 99) 317 (286 - 350) 1,122 (964 - 1,299)
New Mexico 384 (344 - 427) 20 (16 - 24) 94 (85 - 103) 270 (232 - 311)
New York 3,895 (3,665 - 4,134) 152 (135 - 171) 792 (749 - 836) 2,951 (2,731 - 3,182)
North Carolina 1,876 (1,699 - 2,062) 78 (65 - 94) 382 (350 - 415) 1,415 (1,247 - 1,597)
North Dakota 134 (121 - 147) 6 (5 - 7) 34 (31 - 38) 93 (81 - 106)
Ohio 2,709 (2,571 - 2,852) 122 (111 - 135) 554 (529 - 579) 2,033 (1,899 - 2,173)
Oklahoma 908 (825 - 995) 38 (32 - 46) 177 (161 - 194) 692 (614 - 776)
Oregon 700 (630 - 777) 33 (27 - 40) 154 (138 - 170) 513 (448 - 586)
Pennsylvania 2,753 (2,600 - 2,913) 128 (116 - 142) 538 (511 - 564) 2,088 (1,938 - 2,244)
Rhode Island 223 (201 - 245) 10 (8 - 12) 51 (47 - 56) 162 (142 - 183)
South Carolina 1,050 (957 - 1,149) 44 (37 - 53) 199 (182 - 216) 807 (718 - 902)
South Dakota 168 (153 - 185) 10 (8 - 11) 38 (35 - 42) 121 (106 - 136)
Tennessee 1,581 (1,438 - 1,732) 63 (53 - 74) 298 (273 - 322) 1,221 (1,084 - 1,367)
Texas 4,696 (4,435 - 4,964) 198 (174 - 224) 986 (930 - 1,043) 3,512 (3,265 - 3,770)
Utah 377 (333 - 425) 19 (15 - 24) 101 (87 - 116) 257 (217 - 302)
Vermont 134 (121 - 149) 7 (6 - 8) 33 (30 - 36) 95 (82 - 108)
Virginia 1,535 (1,386 - 1,695) 68 (57 - 82) 332 (302 - 362) 1,136 (996 - 1,288)
Washington 1,225 (1,103 - 1,357) 52 (43 - 63) 251 (225 - 278) 922 (808 - 1,048)
West Virginia 501 (456 - 550) 20 (17 - 23) 84 (77 - 91) 398 (354 - 444)
Wisconsin 1,289 (1,172 - 1,412) 51 (42 - 62) 267 (241 - 294) 970 (860 - 1,090)
Wyoming 119 (108 - 130) 6 (5 - 7) 27 (25 - 29) 86 (75 - 97)

71012

Table 15. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 181,381   17,386   22,901   141,094  
Alabama 2,702 (2,598 - 2,802) 251 (237 - 264) 347 (329 - 364) 2,105 (2,003 - 2,199)
Alaska 377 (364 - 390) 45 (42 - 47) 50 (47 - 52) 283 (270 - 294)
Arizona 3,665 (3,537 - 3,786) 343 (323 - 363) 473 (448 - 496) 2,849 (2,727 - 2,960)
Arkansas 1,632 (1,569 - 1,693) 151 (142 - 159) 205 (194 - 216) 1,276 (1,215 - 1,333)
California 22,978 (22,563 - 23,373) 2,325 (2,258 - 2,390) 3,133 (3,055 - 3,206) 17,520 (17,125 - 17,891)
Colorado 2,912 (2,814 - 3,003) 267 (252 - 280) 368 (349 - 386) 2,277 (2,183 - 2,362)
Connecticut 2,270 (2,192 - 2,341) 214 (204 - 223) 260 (248 - 272) 1,796 (1,720 - 1,863)
Delaware 522 (504 - 540) 48 (46 - 50) 66 (63 - 69) 408 (390 - 425)
District of Columbia 373 (360 - 384) 24 (23 - 26) 55 (53 - 57) 293 (281 - 303)
Florida 11,382 (11,157 - 11,597) 954 (927 - 980) 1,285 (1,250 - 1,318) 9,143 (8,924 - 9,351)
Georgia 5,561 (5,355 - 5,752) 556 (527 - 583) 727 (690 - 761) 4,278 (4,080 - 4,457)
Hawaii 773 (742 - 801) 70 (66 - 73) 90 (85 - 95) 613 (583 - 639)
Idaho 862 (831 - 891) 90 (86 - 95) 118 (111 - 123) 654 (625 - 681)
Illinois 7,848 (7,695 - 7,996) 756 (735 - 776) 996 (968 - 1,022) 6,097 (5,948 - 6,238)
Indiana 3,575 (3,434 - 3,711) 359 (340 - 377) 472 (447 - 495) 2,745 (2,608 - 2,873)
Iowa 1,740 (1,674 - 1,803) 165 (156 - 173) 223 (210 - 235) 1,352 (1,289 - 1,411)
Kansas 1,593 (1,532 - 1,651) 159 (151 - 167) 214 (201 - 225) 1,220 (1,162 - 1,275)
Kentucky 2,345 (2,251 - 2,437) 215 (203 - 227) 272 (255 - 289) 1,858 (1,766 - 1,944)
Louisiana 2,608 (2,511 - 2,699) 268 (255 - 281) 378 (359 - 396) 1,961 (1,869 - 2,047)
Maine 806 (776 - 835) 70 (66 - 73) 86 (81 - 91) 651 (621 - 678)
Maryland 3,446 (3,325 - 3,558) 337 (321 - 353) 423 (402 - 441) 2,686 (2,571 - 2,791)
Massachusetts 4,049 (3,904 - 4,185) 357 (339 - 375) 503 (479 - 525) 3,189 (3,050 - 3,315)
Michigan 6,106 (5,984 - 6,224) 608 (592 - 624) 740 (717 - 762) 4,758 (4,640 - 4,871)
Minnesota 3,071 (2,957 - 3,180) 288 (272 - 303) 399 (377 - 421) 2,384 (2,276 - 2,484)
Mississippi 1,710 (1,649 - 1,768) 171 (163 - 180) 234 (222 - 245) 1,304 (1,246 - 1,358)
Missouri 3,359 (3,221 - 3,489) 334 (316 - 350) 409 (384 - 432) 2,616 (2,483 - 2,740)
Montana 564 (542 - 585) 52 (49 - 55) 73 (69 - 77) 439 (418 - 459)
Nebraska 1,025 (986 - 1,062) 102 (97 - 107) 137 (129 - 145) 786 (749 - 821)
Nevada 1,438 (1,381 - 1,492) 139 (131 - 146) 178 (169 - 186) 1,121 (1,066 - 1,172)
New Hampshire 816 (787 - 844) 79 (75 - 83) 91 (86 - 96) 646 (618 - 672)
New Jersey 5,567 (5,388 - 5,732) 514 (489 - 537) 627 (597 - 655) 4,425 (4,252 - 4,583)
New Mexico 1,186 (1,145 - 1,225) 115 (108 - 121) 160 (151 - 167) 912 (872 - 948)
New York 12,444 (12,206 - 12,671) 1,121 (1,090 - 1,152) 1,506 (1,462 - 1,548) 9,816 (9,588 - 10,030)
North Carolina 5,203 (4,997 - 5,396) 500 (475 - 523) 595 (562 - 626) 4,108 (3,906 - 4,292)
North Dakota 357 (340 - 372) 34 (32 - 35) 55 (52 - 58) 268 (253 - 283)
Ohio 6,721 (6,579 - 6,858) 664 (646 - 682) 832 (807 - 856) 5,225 (5,086 - 5,357)
Oklahoma 1,994 (1,907 - 2,077) 194 (182 - 205) 273 (257 - 288) 1,528 (1,444 - 1,607)
Oregon 2,361 (2,284 - 2,432) 208 (197 - 219) 281 (266 - 295) 1,871 (1,798 - 1,937)
Pennsylvania 7,685 (7,533 - 7,831) 698 (679 - 716) 887 (862 - 912) 6,099 (5,951 - 6,240)
Rhode Island 685 (662 - 706) 58 (55 - 62) 93 (88 - 97) 534 (512 - 554)
South Carolina 2,476 (2,378 - 2,569) 242 (230 - 254) 309 (292 - 324) 1,926 (1,831 - 2,014)
South Dakota 462 (446 - 477) 46 (44 - 48) 62 (59 - 66) 353 (338 - 368)
Tennessee 3,513 (3,374 - 3,646) 314 (297 - 331) 396 (372 - 420) 2,803 (2,666 - 2,929)
Texas 13,588 (13,318 - 13,848) 1,410 (1,369 - 1,451) 1,872 (1,820 - 1,922) 10,306 (10,050 - 10,549)
Utah 1,527 (1,473 - 1,575) 175 (166 - 183) 278 (264 - 290) 1,074 (1,025 - 1,117)
Vermont 403 (389 - 416) 36 (34 - 38) 47 (45 - 50) 320 (306 - 332)
Virginia 4,559 (4,395 - 4,712) 422 (401 - 443) 541 (514 - 566) 3,596 (3,438 - 3,741)
Washington 3,957 (3,826 - 4,080) 384 (367 - 400) 493 (468 - 516) 3,080 (2,955 - 3,195)
West Virginia 1,052 (1,006 - 1,096) 95 (90 - 99) 118 (111 - 125) 839 (795 - 881)
Wisconsin 3,230 (3,096 - 3,356) 328 (312 - 342) 434 (410 - 456) 2,468 (2,341 - 2,588)
Wyoming 304 (292 - 315) 29 (28 - 30) 39 (37 - 41) 236 (224 - 246)

71012

Table 16. Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 18,729   1,384   5,733   11,612  
Alabama 246 (203 - 296) 20 (15 - 26) 65 (53 - 79) 161 (125 - 208)
Alaska 41 (35 - 48) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (11 - 15) 24 (19 - 31)
Arizona 398 (337 - 469) 30 (22 - 39) 110 (92 - 130) 259 (206 - 324)
Arkansas 181 (154 - 212) 16 (12 - 20) 56 (48 - 65) 110 (86 - 139)
California 2,422 (2,199 - 2,665) 181 (153 - 214) 710 (649 - 777) 1,530 (1,332 - 1,756)
Colorado 350 (296 - 412) 27 (21 - 35) 107 (92 - 124) 216 (170 - 272)
Connecticut 248 (210 - 292) 18 (14 - 23) 81 (69 - 93) 149 (116 - 191)
Delaware 47 (39 - 56) 3 (3 - 5) 15 (12 - 17) 29 (23 - 37)
District of Columbia 47 (40 - 55) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (12 - 16) 32 (26 - 39)
Florida 1,125 (1,013 - 1,250) 72 (61 - 85) 295 (269 - 323) 758 (653 - 878)
Georgia 504 (419 - 604) 36 (27 - 48) 141 (117 - 169) 327 (254 - 420)
Hawaii 73 (60 - 88) 5 (3 - 6) 21 (18 - 25) 47 (36 - 61)
Idaho 95 (81 - 111) 9 (7 - 12) 30 (26 - 35) 55 (44 - 70)
Illinois 806 (730 - 889) 62 (53 - 72) 269 (247 - 293) 475 (407 - 553)
Indiana 396 (340 - 461) 27 (20 - 35) 137 (118 - 159) 232 (184 - 293)
Iowa 224 (193 - 259) 20 (16 - 26) 76 (66 - 88) 128 (102 - 159)
Kansas 190 (163 - 221) 17 (14 - 22) 63 (53 - 73) 110 (88 - 137)
Kentucky 218 (181 - 262) 20 (16 - 26) 65 (54 - 78) 133 (103 - 172)
Louisiana 258 (216 - 308) 17 (12 - 22) 73 (60 - 87) 169 (132 - 215)
Maine 85 (72 - 101) 7 (5 - 8) 24 (20 - 28) 55 (43 - 70)
Maryland 320 (270 - 379) 25 (19 - 33) 97 (82 - 114) 198 (155 - 252)
Massachusetts 441 (375 - 518) 28 (21 - 37) 134 (115 - 156) 279 (221 - 351)
Michigan 698 (639 - 761) 47 (40 - 55) 228 (210 - 247) 423 (370 - 483)
Minnesota 396 (338 - 462) 29 (22 - 37) 124 (106 - 144) 243 (194 - 303)
Mississippi 153 (127 - 183) 12 (9 - 15) 48 (40 - 58) 93 (72 - 120)
Missouri 422 (363 - 489) 31 (24 - 40) 148 (129 - 168) 243 (192 - 306)
Montana 86 (73 - 100) 9 (7 - 11) 29 (25 - 33) 48 (37 - 62)
Nebraska 140 (120 - 161) 10 (8 - 13) 50 (43 - 57) 80 (64 - 99)
Nevada 163 (138 - 193) 13 (10 - 17) 44 (37 - 52) 106 (84 - 133)
New Hampshire 91 (76 - 108) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (26 - 35) 53 (41 - 69)
New Jersey 456 (377 - 550) 41 (31 - 53) 132 (110 - 158) 282 (215 - 369)
New Mexico 129 (109 - 152) 11 (9 - 15) 39 (33 - 46) 79 (62 - 100)
New York 1,120 (1,007 - 1,247) 85 (72 - 99) 351 (318 - 387) 684 (584 - 802)
North Carolina 472 (393 - 566) 35 (27 - 47) 130 (109 - 154) 307 (238 - 395)
North Dakota 50 (43 - 57) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 22) 26 (21 - 33)
Ohio 739 (672 - 812) 51 (44 - 60) 237 (218 - 257) 450 (390 - 520)
Oklahoma 214 (179 - 256) 15 (11 - 20) 69 (59 - 81) 131 (101 - 169)
Oregon 210 (176 - 249) 19 (15 - 25) 64 (54 - 76) 126 (98 - 161)
Pennsylvania 704 (635 - 781) 52 (45 - 61) 233 (213 - 255) 419 (356 - 492)
Rhode Island 78 (66 - 92) 5 (3 - 6) 24 (20 - 28) 49 (39 - 62)
South Carolina 256 (215 - 306) 16 (12 - 21) 69 (57 - 82) 171 (135 - 217)
South Dakota 64 (55 - 74) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 25) 38 (30 - 47)
Tennessee 336 (279 - 403) 23 (17 - 31) 106 (90 - 124) 206 (159 - 268)
Texas 1,462 (1,330 - 1,606) 103 (87 - 121) 429 (389 - 473) 930 (809 - 1,066)
Utah 145 (123 - 170) 12 (9 - 16) 55 (46 - 65) 78 (61 - 100)
Vermont 47 (40 - 55) 3 (3 - 4) 17 (15 - 19) 27 (21 - 34)
Virginia 440 (371 - 521) 31 (23 - 41) 137 (117 - 159) 273 (213 - 348)
Washington 412 (350 - 483) 31 (24 - 40) 119 (101 - 140) 261 (209 - 326)
West Virginia 99 (83 - 118) 7 (6 - 10) 32 (27 - 37) 60 (46 - 78)
Wisconsin 395 (338 - 458) 28 (22 - 36) 140 (122 - 161) 226 (179 - 284)
Wyoming 40 (34 - 46) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 23 (18 - 29)

71012

Table 17. Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 8,191   512   2,423   5,256  
Alabama 113 (86 - 146) 9 (6 - 13) 28 (21 - 37) 76 (53 - 108)
Alaska 22 (17 - 28) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (11 - 21)
Arizona 194 (151 - 249) 12 (8 - 18) 49 (38 - 62) 133 (95 - 186)
Arkansas 78 (61 - 99) 5 (4 - 8) 21 (17 - 27) 51 (37 - 72)
California 1,130 (984 - 1,297) 71 (55 - 90) 316 (274 - 363) 744 (612 - 904)
Colorado 146 (116 - 182) 10 (7 - 15) 45 (35 - 56) 91 (65 - 125)
Connecticut 98 (77 - 124) 7 (5 - 9) 30 (23 - 38) 61 (43 - 87)
Delaware 20 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (9 - 19)
District of Columbia 22 (18 - 28) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (12 - 21)
Florida 458 (392 - 535) 27 (22 - 35) 126 (110 - 145) 304 (243 - 380)
Georgia 227 (173 - 295) 14 (10 - 21) 52 (39 - 69) 160 (113 - 227)
Hawaii 36 (27 - 47) 2 (1 - 3) 9 (7 - 12) 25 (17 - 36)
Idaho 39 (31 - 48) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (10 - 16) 23 (17 - 32)
Illinois 369 (318 - 427) 23 (18 - 29) 109 (95 - 126) 237 (191 - 293)
Indiana 169 (137 - 210) 12 (8 - 17) 58 (47 - 72) 99 (72 - 137)
Iowa 96 (76 - 120) 7 (5 - 10) 32 (25 - 39) 57 (41 - 80)
Kansas 84 (68 - 104) 6 (4 - 9) 28 (22 - 36) 50 (36 - 68)
Kentucky 98 (76 - 126) 8 (6 - 12) 28 (22 - 36) 62 (43 - 89)
Louisiana 112 (87 - 145) 6 (4 - 9) 30 (23 - 39) 76 (53 - 107)
Maine 37 (29 - 47) 2 (2 - 4) 10 (7 - 12) 25 (18 - 35)
Maryland 122 (93 - 159) 9 (6 - 13) 35 (27 - 45) 78 (54 - 114)
Massachusetts 200 (157 - 255) 10 (6 - 14) 60 (48 - 74) 131 (93 - 185)
Michigan 308 (269 - 353) 19 (15 - 23) 95 (84 - 109) 194 (160 - 236)
Minnesota 157 (125 - 198) 10 (7 - 14) 47 (37 - 59) 100 (72 - 139)
Mississippi 73 (57 - 92) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (20 - 32) 43 (30 - 61)
Missouri 171 (137 - 214) 10 (7 - 14) 58 (47 - 71) 103 (74 - 144)
Montana 35 (27 - 46) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 12) 23 (16 - 33)
Nebraska 53 (43 - 65) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (15 - 24) 31 (22 - 42)
Nevada 68 (54 - 87) 4 (2 - 5) 19 (15 - 24) 45 (32 - 63)
New Hampshire 38 (30 - 47) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 17) 22 (15 - 31)
New Jersey 211 (164 - 271) 14 (10 - 21) 56 (44 - 72) 140 (99 - 199)
New Mexico 61 (47 - 79) 4 (3 - 6) 17 (13 - 21) 41 (29 - 58)
New York 516 (440 - 605) 29 (22 - 37) 153 (132 - 177) 334 (266 - 419)
North Carolina 218 (170 - 279) 14 (10 - 20) 57 (45 - 73) 146 (104 - 206)
North Dakota 19 (15 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 10 (7 - 14)
Ohio 292 (252 - 339) 17 (13 - 22) 97 (85 - 110) 178 (142 - 223)
Oklahoma 90 (70 - 115) 6 (4 - 9) 27 (21 - 35) 57 (40 - 81)
Oregon 93 (75 - 116) 7 (5 - 10) 32 (25 - 40) 55 (39 - 76)
Pennsylvania 304 (260 - 356) 20 (15 - 25) 95 (83 - 109) 189 (149 - 239)
Rhode Island 35 (28 - 44) 2 (1 - 3) 10 (8 - 13) 23 (17 - 32)
South Carolina 112 (88 - 142) 6 (4 - 9) 31 (24 - 40) 74 (53 - 103)
South Dakota 23 (18 - 28) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 14 (10 - 19)
Tennessee 142 (111 - 181) 8 (5 - 12) 48 (38 - 61) 86 (60 - 123)
Texas 632 (547 - 729) 37 (29 - 48) 199 (172 - 229) 396 (322 - 486)
Utah 71 (57 - 89) 5 (3 - 7) 21 (16 - 28) 45 (33 - 62)
Vermont 17 (14 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 10 (7 - 14)
Virginia 198 (156 - 250) 13 (9 - 19) 59 (47 - 74) 126 (89 - 177)
Washington 177 (139 - 223) 10 (7 - 15) 47 (37 - 59) 119 (86 - 165)
West Virginia 44 (35 - 55) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (13 - 20) 25 (17 - 35)
Wisconsin 148 (118 - 185) 10 (7 - 14) 50 (40 - 63) 89 (63 - 123)
Wyoming 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (6 - 12)

71012

Table 18. Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 6,927   1,179   2,654   3,093  
Alabama 105 (83 - 133) 15 (11 - 21) 38 (30 - 50) 52 (34 - 77)
Alaska 18 (14 - 22) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 8 (5 - 12)
Arizona 137 (109 - 173) 28 (20 - 38) 47 (36 - 61) 63 (42 - 94)
Arkansas 76 (62 - 93) 16 (12 - 21) 29 (23 - 36) 32 (21 - 47)
California 854 (744 - 981) 158 (132 - 187) 329 (286 - 379) 367 (279 - 482)
Colorado 123 (99 - 152) 21 (16 - 28) 50 (39 - 63) 52 (35 - 78)
Connecticut 92 (74 - 113) 17 (13 - 22) 42 (33 - 52) 33 (21 - 52)
Delaware 22 (18 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (7 - 11) 10 (6 - 14)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 26) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (9 - 19)
Florida 437 (381 - 502) 73 (62 - 86) 155 (135 - 177) 209 (162 - 269)
Georgia 216 (170 - 272) 35 (26 - 47) 82 (63 - 106) 99 (65 - 150)
Hawaii 24 (18 - 32) 4 (3 - 6) 8 (6 - 11) 12 (8 - 20)
Idaho 35 (29 - 43) 7 (5 - 9) 15 (12 - 19) 13 (9 - 20)
Illinois 296 (258 - 340) 47 (39 - 56) 109 (94 - 126) 140 (109 - 180)
Indiana 146 (120 - 179) 25 (19 - 33) 62 (49 - 79) 59 (40 - 87)
Iowa 52 (40 - 68) 10 (7 - 13) 19 (14 - 26) 24 (15 - 38)
Kansas 64 (52 - 80) 12 (9 - 15) 25 (19 - 32) 28 (19 - 42)
Kentucky 88 (69 - 109) 16 (12 - 22) 30 (22 - 39) 41 (28 - 62)
Louisiana 104 (82 - 131) 18 (14 - 24) 35 (27 - 46) 50 (34 - 75)
Maine 35 (29 - 43) 7 (5 - 10) 15 (12 - 18) 14 (9 - 20)
Maryland 122 (96 - 154) 22 (17 - 30) 42 (32 - 55) 57 (38 - 86)
Massachusetts 157 (128 - 192) 28 (20 - 37) 65 (52 - 81) 65 (44 - 95)
Michigan 242 (213 - 275) 38 (31 - 45) 99 (86 - 113) 105 (81 - 136)
Minnesota 112 (89 - 139) 20 (15 - 27) 45 (35 - 57) 47 (31 - 72)
Mississippi 72 (58 - 90) 11 (8 - 14) 27 (21 - 34) 35 (24 - 51)
Missouri 130 (105 - 162) 22 (17 - 30) 53 (41 - 68) 55 (36 - 82)
Montana 25 (21 - 30) 5 (4 - 7) 10 (8 - 13) 10 (7 - 15)
Nebraska 34 (27 - 43) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (11 - 19) 14 (9 - 22)
Nevada 54 (43 - 67) 9 (7 - 13) 18 (14 - 24) 26 (18 - 39)
New Hampshire 31 (25 - 38) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 17) 12 (7 - 18)
New Jersey 163 (129 - 207) 30 (22 - 41) 60 (46 - 78) 74 (48 - 113)
New Mexico 42 (33 - 52) 8 (6 - 11) 17 (13 - 22) 17 (11 - 26)
New York 501 (435 - 577) 72 (61 - 86) 190 (165 - 218) 239 (184 - 310)
North Carolina 217 (173 - 272) 35 (26 - 47) 80 (62 - 101) 102 (68 - 152)
North Dakota 12 (9 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8)
Ohio 276 (241 - 317) 43 (36 - 51) 97 (84 - 112) 136 (105 - 176)
Oklahoma 82 (65 - 103) 15 (11 - 21) 29 (22 - 38) 37 (25 - 57)
Oregon 81 (64 - 100) 15 (11 - 20) 33 (25 - 42) 32 (21 - 49)
Pennsylvania 257 (224 - 296) 41 (34 - 49) 106 (93 - 121) 110 (83 - 147)
Rhode Island 33 (27 - 40) 5 (4 - 7) 17 (13 - 20) 12 (8 - 18)
South Carolina 105 (84 - 131) 17 (12 - 22) 37 (28 - 47) 52 (36 - 75)
South Dakota 15 (12 - 18) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 151 (123 - 186) 24 (18 - 32) 61 (49 - 77) 66 (45 - 97)
Texas 506 (441 - 580) 86 (72 - 103) 196 (168 - 227) 224 (173 - 290)
Utah 59 (48 - 73) 11 (8 - 15) 26 (20 - 34) 22 (15 - 33)
Vermont 17 (14 - 20) 3 (2 - 3) 8 (7 - 10) 6 (4 - 9)
Virginia 158 (127 - 197) 30 (22 - 40) 61 (48 - 78) 67 (44 - 102)
Washington 155 (125 - 192) 26 (19 - 35) 62 (48 - 80) 67 (46 - 100)
West Virginia 45 (37 - 55) 7 (5 - 9) 20 (16 - 24) 18 (12 - 27)
Wisconsin 115 (91 - 145) 21 (15 - 28) 42 (31 - 55) 52 (35 - 78)
Wyoming 12 (10 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 4 (3 - 7)

71012

Table 19. Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 4,778   658   1,838   2,283  
Alabama 75 (58 - 96) 9 (6 - 13) 28 (20 - 37) 38 (25 - 58)
Alaska 13 (10 - 17) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (4 - 10)
Arizona 92 (71 - 119) 17 (11 - 25) 33 (24 - 46) 42 (27 - 67)
Arkansas 50 (40 - 63) 8 (5 - 11) 19 (15 - 26) 23 (15 - 35)
California 593 (505 - 697) 90 (72 - 113) 232 (198 - 273) 271 (199 - 368)
Colorado 86 (67 - 111) 11 (8 - 16) 37 (28 - 48) 39 (25 - 61)
Connecticut 68 (54 - 85) 10 (7 - 15) 32 (25 - 42) 25 (16 - 40)
Delaware 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 7 (5 - 11)
District of Columbia 16 (12 - 22) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (8 - 17)
Florida 285 (241 - 336) 35 (28 - 43) 106 (90 - 124) 144 (108 - 194)
Georgia 141 (109 - 181) 19 (13 - 28) 57 (42 - 77) 64 (40 - 102)
Hawaii 15 (11 - 21) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 8) 8 (5 - 14)
Idaho 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 5) 9 (7 - 13) 9 (6 - 14)
Illinois 208 (175 - 247) 28 (22 - 36) 75 (63 - 88) 105 (77 - 143)
Indiana 101 (81 - 127) 16 (11 - 23) 45 (34 - 58) 41 (26 - 63)
Iowa 36 (26 - 49) 6 (4 - 9) 12 (8 - 18) 18 (10 - 30)
Kansas 44 (34 - 57) 6 (4 - 9) 18 (13 - 24) 21 (13 - 32)
Kentucky 65 (50 - 85) 11 (8 - 15) 23 (17 - 31) 32 (20 - 50)
Louisiana 72 (55 - 95) 9 (7 - 13) 24 (17 - 32) 39 (25 - 61)
Maine 24 (19 - 30) 3 (2 - 5) 10 (8 - 13) 10 (6 - 16)
Maryland 86 (66 - 112) 12 (8 - 18) 29 (21 - 39) 45 (29 - 70)
Massachusetts 118 (93 - 150) 15 (10 - 21) 51 (39 - 66) 52 (34 - 80)
Michigan 172 (148 - 201) 21 (17 - 26) 70 (60 - 82) 82 (62 - 108)
Minnesota 75 (58 - 97) 11 (8 - 16) 31 (23 - 42) 33 (21 - 53)
Mississippi 47 (37 - 60) 6 (4 - 8) 20 (15 - 26) 22 (14 - 34)
Missouri 81 (62 - 105) 13 (9 - 19) 30 (22 - 41) 37 (23 - 60)
Montana 16 (13 - 21) 2 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 9) 7 (5 - 11)
Nebraska 26 (20 - 33) 3 (2 - 5) 11 (8 - 15) 11 (7 - 18)
Nevada 37 (28 - 48) 5 (3 - 7) 14 (10 - 19) 18 (11 - 29)
New Hampshire 20 (16 - 26) 4 (3 - 5) 9 (6 - 12) 8 (5 - 13)
New Jersey 123 (95 - 159) 19 (14 - 27) 45 (33 - 60) 59 (37 - 92)
New Mexico 29 (22 - 37) 5 (3 - 7) 12 (9 - 16) 12 (7 - 19)
New York 354 (299 - 420) 41 (33 - 52) 126 (106 - 149) 187 (139 - 251)
North Carolina 145 (110 - 190) 18 (12 - 26) 50 (38 - 66) 77 (49 - 120)
North Dakota 9 (6 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6)
Ohio 192 (163 - 227) 22 (18 - 28) 69 (58 - 81) 101 (76 - 135)
Oklahoma 61 (46 - 79) 9 (6 - 13) 22 (16 - 30) 29 (18 - 47)
Oregon 56 (44 - 71) 9 (6 - 14) 22 (17 - 30) 24 (15 - 38)
Pennsylvania 182 (154 - 214) 23 (18 - 29) 75 (64 - 88) 84 (62 - 114)
Rhode Island 22 (17 - 27) 2 (2 - 4) 11 (8 - 14) 8 (5 - 13)
South Carolina 66 (50 - 86) 9 (6 - 13) 21 (15 - 29) 36 (24 - 55)
South Dakota 9 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 7)
Tennessee 102 (80 - 131) 15 (11 - 21) 38 (28 - 50) 50 (32 - 77)
Texas 332 (281 - 391) 46 (36 - 59) 128 (108 - 152) 157 (116 - 214)
Utah 41 (33 - 52) 6 (4 - 9) 19 (14 - 25) 16 (10 - 25)
Vermont 12 (10 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 4 (3 - 7)
Virginia 112 (87 - 143) 16 (11 - 22) 46 (34 - 61) 51 (32 - 79)
Washington 114 (89 - 147) 17 (12 - 24) 44 (33 - 58) 53 (34 - 84)
West Virginia 29 (22 - 37) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (11 - 18) 12 (7 - 20)
Wisconsin 81 (62 - 106) 11 (8 - 16) 29 (21 - 40) 41 (26 - 64)
Wyoming 8 (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 5)

71012

Table 20. Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 22,416   2,040   7,028   13,348  
Alabama 297 (250 - 351) 27 (21 - 34) 85 (72 - 100) 185 (144 - 236)
Alaska 52 (45 - 59) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (14 - 18) 30 (24 - 37)
Arizona 476 (406 - 556) 46 (37 - 57) 132 (113 - 153) 298 (236 - 373)
Arkansas 226 (195 - 261) 26 (21 - 32) 70 (61 - 80) 130 (104 - 162)
California 2,855 (2,616 - 3,114) 256 (225 - 291) 874 (809 - 943) 1,725 (1,509 - 1,968)
Colorado 418 (360 - 484) 39 (31 - 48) 130 (113 - 149) 249 (200 - 309)
Connecticut 295 (254 - 341) 27 (22 - 34) 100 (88 - 113) 168 (132 - 212)
Delaware 60 (52 - 69) 5 (4 - 7) 19 (17 - 23) 35 (28 - 43)
District of Columbia 59 (51 - 67) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (14 - 19) 40 (33 - 48)
Florida 1,358 (1,236 - 1,493) 118 (104 - 134) 372 (342 - 403) 869 (756 - 996)
Georgia 625 (528 - 736) 56 (45 - 71) 187 (159 - 218) 381 (299 - 484)
Hawaii 86 (72 - 103) 7 (6 - 9) 25 (22 - 29) 54 (41 - 70)
Idaho 112 (97 - 129) 13 (10 - 15) 36 (31 - 42) 63 (50 - 78)
Illinois 947 (865 - 1,036) 86 (75 - 98) 325 (300 - 351) 537 (464 - 620)
Indiana 466 (403 - 537) 40 (32 - 50) 164 (144 - 186) 262 (208 - 327)
Iowa 249 (215 - 285) 25 (20 - 30) 82 (72 - 94) 142 (114 - 176)
Kansas 224 (195 - 256) 22 (18 - 27) 74 (64 - 85) 127 (103 - 156)
Kentucky 267 (227 - 313) 30 (24 - 37) 78 (66 - 92) 159 (125 - 201)
Louisiana 327 (278 - 384) 29 (24 - 36) 93 (79 - 108) 205 (163 - 257)
Maine 111 (95 - 129) 11 (9 - 14) 32 (28 - 37) 67 (54 - 84)
Maryland 377 (323 - 438) 36 (29 - 45) 117 (101 - 135) 223 (177 - 281)
Massachusetts 539 (466 - 622) 46 (37 - 57) 165 (145 - 188) 327 (263 - 405)
Michigan 824 (760 - 893) 67 (59 - 76) 274 (254 - 295) 483 (425 - 549)
Minnesota 456 (394 - 527) 42 (34 - 51) 142 (124 - 162) 273 (218 - 340)
Mississippi 189 (161 - 220) 18 (15 - 23) 61 (52 - 71) 110 (87 - 138)
Missouri 477 (415 - 547) 43 (34 - 53) 165 (146 - 186) 269 (215 - 335)
Montana 97 (84 - 111) 11 (9 - 13) 32 (28 - 36) 54 (43 - 68)
Nebraska 153 (133 - 174) 13 (11 - 16) 55 (48 - 62) 85 (68 - 104)
Nevada 191 (164 - 223) 18 (15 - 23) 54 (46 - 62) 119 (96 - 149)
New Hampshire 106 (91 - 122) 11 (9 - 13) 35 (31 - 40) 60 (47 - 75)
New Jersey 539 (457 - 636) 54 (43 - 67) 166 (142 - 192) 320 (248 - 410)
New Mexico 152 (130 - 176) 16 (12 - 20) 49 (42 - 56) 87 (69 - 109)
New York 1,395 (1,266 - 1,539) 126 (111 - 143) 448 (413 - 485) 821 (704 - 956)
North Carolina 603 (515 - 705) 57 (45 - 71) 170 (146 - 197) 377 (301 - 471)
North Dakota 55 (48 - 63) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (19 - 24) 29 (23 - 36)
Ohio 910 (838 - 988) 79 (70 - 89) 280 (259 - 301) 551 (484 - 626)
Oklahoma 256 (220 - 297) 24 (19 - 30) 83 (71 - 96) 149 (119 - 186)
Oregon 253 (216 - 295) 26 (21 - 32) 80 (68 - 92) 147 (117 - 185)
Pennsylvania 849 (775 - 931) 76 (66 - 87) 285 (264 - 307) 488 (420 - 567)
Rhode Island 99 (85 - 114) 8 (6 - 9) 33 (29 - 38) 58 (47 - 72)
South Carolina 316 (272 - 367) 28 (22 - 34) 89 (76 - 103) 199 (161 - 246)
South Dakota 70 (61 - 79) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (21 - 27) 40 (33 - 49)
Tennessee 429 (369 - 497) 39 (31 - 48) 143 (124 - 165) 247 (195 - 311)
Texas 1,695 (1,551 - 1,851) 151 (131 - 173) 530 (487 - 577) 1,014 (884 - 1,161)
Utah 174 (150 - 203) 17 (13 - 22) 67 (58 - 78) 90 (70 - 114)
Vermont 56 (48 - 64) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (17 - 22) 31 (25 - 39)
Virginia 517 (440 - 605) 47 (37 - 58) 162 (139 - 187) 308 (243 - 389)
Washington 502 (432 - 582) 46 (37 - 57) 151 (130 - 174) 306 (246 - 378)
West Virginia 122 (105 - 142) 11 (9 - 13) 41 (36 - 46) 71 (56 - 90)
Wisconsin 462 (399 - 531) 41 (33 - 50) 160 (139 - 182) 261 (210 - 324)
Wyoming 46 (40 - 53) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (14 - 18) 26 (21 - 32)

71012

Table 21. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 6,225   1,095   2,443   2,687  
Alabama 85 (67 - 107) 14 (10 - 19) 32 (24 - 42) 39 (27 - 57)
Alaska 16 (13 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 7) 8 (5 - 11)
Arizona 124 (99 - 154) 26 (19 - 35) 44 (33 - 58) 54 (36 - 79)
Arkansas 69 (56 - 85) 15 (11 - 19) 26 (20 - 33) 29 (19 - 42)
California 802 (703 - 915) 144 (121 - 171) 316 (275 - 363) 342 (264 - 443)
Colorado 110 (90 - 134) 20 (15 - 27) 47 (37 - 59) 44 (30 - 64)
Connecticut 82 (67 - 100) 16 (12 - 21) 38 (30 - 47) 28 (19 - 43)
Delaware 20 (16 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 9 (6 - 12)
District of Columbia 16 (12 - 20) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 9 (6 - 13)
Florida 395 (346 - 451) 69 (58 - 81) 141 (123 - 162) 185 (144 - 237)
Georgia 197 (159 - 245) 32 (24 - 43) 75 (57 - 97) 90 (62 - 130)
Hawaii 25 (18 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 10) 13 (8 - 21)
Idaho 33 (27 - 40) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 18) 12 (8 - 17)
Illinois 258 (225 - 296) 45 (37 - 53) 100 (86 - 116) 113 (88 - 146)
Indiana 132 (109 - 160) 24 (18 - 31) 56 (44 - 71) 52 (36 - 75)
Iowa 50 (38 - 64) 9 (6 - 12) 19 (14 - 25) 22 (14 - 35)
Kansas 53 (43 - 65) 10 (8 - 13) 21 (16 - 28) 22 (15 - 32)
Kentucky 81 (64 - 102) 15 (11 - 20) 28 (21 - 37) 38 (26 - 57)
Louisiana 98 (79 - 122) 17 (13 - 22) 34 (26 - 44) 47 (32 - 69)
Maine 34 (28 - 42) 7 (5 - 9) 14 (11 - 17) 14 (9 - 21)
Maryland 106 (84 - 132) 21 (15 - 28) 38 (29 - 49) 47 (32 - 70)
Massachusetts 142 (116 - 174) 26 (20 - 35) 60 (47 - 76) 56 (38 - 82)
Michigan 217 (191 - 247) 36 (30 - 42) 90 (79 - 103) 91 (70 - 118)
Minnesota 100 (81 - 124) 18 (14 - 25) 41 (32 - 52) 41 (28 - 61)
Mississippi 66 (53 - 82) 10 (7 - 13) 24 (19 - 31) 32 (22 - 46)
Missouri 118 (96 - 144) 20 (15 - 26) 47 (37 - 59) 51 (35 - 73)
Montana 23 (18 - 28) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (7 - 11) 9 (6 - 13)
Nebraska 32 (25 - 40) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 13 (9 - 20)
Nevada 48 (38 - 59) 9 (6 - 12) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (16 - 33)
New Hampshire 28 (23 - 34) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 10 (6 - 15)
New Jersey 138 (109 - 176) 27 (20 - 36) 54 (41 - 72) 57 (36 - 90)
New Mexico 39 (31 - 48) 7 (6 - 10) 16 (12 - 21) 15 (10 - 23)
New York 433 (380 - 494) 66 (56 - 79) 176 (154 - 202) 190 (148 - 245)
North Carolina 192 (156 - 236) 33 (25 - 44) 70 (56 - 87) 89 (62 - 128)
North Dakota 11 (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)
Ohio 236 (206 - 271) 40 (34 - 48) 87 (75 - 101) 108 (83 - 140)
Oklahoma 77 (61 - 97) 14 (10 - 19) 27 (21 - 35) 36 (24 - 54)
Oregon 75 (60 - 93) 13 (10 - 18) 30 (23 - 39) 32 (21 - 46)
Pennsylvania 228 (200 - 261) 39 (33 - 47) 93 (81 - 106) 96 (74 - 125)
Rhode Island 29 (24 - 36) 5 (3 - 6) 15 (12 - 18) 10 (6 - 15)
South Carolina 95 (78 - 117) 16 (12 - 21) 35 (27 - 44) 45 (31 - 64)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 8) 5 (4 - 8)
Tennessee 138 (113 - 169) 22 (17 - 29) 57 (45 - 72) 58 (40 - 85)
Texas 452 (397 - 515) 84 (70 - 101) 181 (156 - 211) 187 (144 - 241)
Utah 55 (45 - 68) 10 (7 - 13) 25 (19 - 32) 21 (14 - 31)
Vermont 15 (13 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 6 (4 - 9)
Virginia 138 (112 - 171) 27 (20 - 35) 54 (42 - 70) 57 (38 - 85)
Washington 148 (120 - 181) 24 (18 - 32) 59 (46 - 75) 65 (45 - 93)
West Virginia 42 (34 - 51) 6 (5 - 8) 18 (15 - 23) 17 (12 - 25)
Wisconsin 100 (81 - 124) 19 (14 - 25) 40 (30 - 52) 42 (28 - 61)
Wyoming 10 (9 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (2 - 5)

71012

Table 22. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 17,858   1,323   5,555   10,980  
Alabama 231 (188 - 283) 19 (14 - 25) 60 (49 - 74) 152 (115 - 200)
Alaska 38 (32 - 45) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 14) 22 (17 - 29)
Arizona 378 (317 - 448) 29 (22 - 38) 108 (91 - 127) 241 (189 - 306)
Arkansas 168 (141 - 199) 14 (11 - 19) 50 (42 - 58) 104 (80 - 133)
California 2,329 (2,119 - 2,559) 169 (143 - 201) 711 (648 - 779) 1,449 (1,256 - 1,668)
Colorado 329 (279 - 387) 26 (20 - 34) 104 (89 - 121) 199 (156 - 252)
Connecticut 231 (195 - 273) 17 (13 - 21) 75 (64 - 87) 139 (109 - 178)
Delaware 44 (37 - 53) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (12 - 17) 27 (21 - 35)
District of Columbia 45 (38 - 53) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (12 - 16) 30 (24 - 37)
Florida 1,090 (982 - 1,211) 69 (59 - 82) 288 (261 - 316) 733 (632 - 849)
Georgia 487 (399 - 592) 34 (26 - 45) 137 (114 - 164) 315 (239 - 413)
Hawaii 71 (57 - 86) 4 (3 - 6) 22 (18 - 26) 44 (33 - 59)
Idaho 93 (78 - 109) 9 (7 - 12) 31 (26 - 36) 53 (41 - 68)
Illinois 759 (687 - 839) 58 (50 - 68) 259 (236 - 284) 442 (378 - 517)
Indiana 377 (322 - 442) 26 (20 - 34) 127 (109 - 148) 224 (176 - 284)
Iowa 214 (182 - 250) 19 (15 - 24) 74 (63 - 85) 121 (95 - 154)
Kansas 181 (153 - 212) 16 (13 - 21) 62 (53 - 73) 102 (80 - 130)
Kentucky 211 (175 - 252) 19 (15 - 25) 64 (53 - 76) 128 (98 - 165)
Louisiana 248 (206 - 297) 16 (12 - 21) 70 (59 - 84) 161 (125 - 206)
Maine 82 (68 - 99) 6 (5 - 8) 23 (19 - 27) 53 (40 - 69)
Maryland 308 (259 - 367) 24 (19 - 32) 93 (78 - 110) 191 (148 - 245)
Massachusetts 425 (361 - 499) 28 (21 - 36) 132 (114 - 152) 265 (209 - 335)
Michigan 661 (603 - 726) 45 (38 - 52) 219 (201 - 238) 398 (345 - 459)
Minnesota 380 (321 - 448) 27 (21 - 35) 121 (104 - 140) 232 (181 - 295)
Mississippi 145 (120 - 173) 11 (9 - 15) 45 (38 - 55) 88 (68 - 114)
Missouri 394 (336 - 462) 30 (23 - 38) 136 (118 - 156) 229 (179 - 292)
Montana 79 (68 - 92) 8 (6 - 10) 27 (23 - 31) 45 (35 - 57)
Nebraska 131 (113 - 151) 10 (8 - 12) 47 (41 - 54) 74 (59 - 93)
Nevada 156 (130 - 186) 13 (10 - 17) 41 (35 - 49) 102 (80 - 129)
New Hampshire 85 (72 - 101) 7 (5 - 9) 29 (25 - 33) 50 (38 - 64)
New Jersey 429 (353 - 520) 40 (30 - 52) 127 (105 - 152) 262 (197 - 348)
New Mexico 120 (100 - 143) 11 (8 - 14) 39 (32 - 46) 71 (54 - 92)
New York 1,054 (943 - 1,177) 82 (70 - 96) 339 (306 - 375) 632 (535 - 746)
North Carolina 447 (371 - 538) 34 (26 - 44) 125 (104 - 148) 289 (222 - 374)
North Dakota 48 (42 - 55) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 22) 25 (19 - 31)
Ohio 695 (630 - 766) 50 (43 - 59) 224 (205 - 244) 421 (362 - 488)
Oklahoma 204 (170 - 244) 14 (11 - 18) 66 (56 - 78) 124 (95 - 160)
Oregon 203 (170 - 242) 18 (14 - 23) 64 (53 - 75) 122 (94 - 158)
Pennsylvania 676 (610 - 751) 51 (44 - 60) 227 (207 - 247) 399 (339 - 469)
Rhode Island 74 (62 - 88) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (20 - 27) 46 (36 - 59)
South Carolina 250 (209 - 298) 16 (12 - 21) 66 (56 - 78) 167 (131 - 212)
South Dakota 60 (52 - 70) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (18 - 24) 35 (28 - 44)
Tennessee 320 (265 - 386) 22 (17 - 29) 102 (86 - 120) 196 (148 - 259)
Texas 1,417 (1,287 - 1,559) 99 (84 - 117) 427 (388 - 469) 891 (772 - 1,027)
Utah 133 (111 - 159) 11 (8 - 15) 54 (45 - 65) 68 (51 - 91)
Vermont 45 (38 - 52) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (14 - 18) 26 (20 - 33)
Virginia 424 (354 - 507) 30 (23 - 40) 133 (113 - 156) 260 (200 - 338)
Washington 386 (326 - 454) 30 (23 - 38) 115 (98 - 135) 241 (189 - 305)
West Virginia 95 (79 - 114) 7 (6 - 9) 31 (26 - 36) 57 (44 - 75)
Wisconsin 371 (318 - 431) 27 (21 - 34) 133 (114 - 153) 212 (168 - 266)
Wyoming 37 (32 - 43) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (11 - 14) 22 (17 - 28)

71012

Table 23. Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Serious psychological distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 State reports, the 2002-2004 substate report, and the 2004 and earlier national results reports. For details, see Section A.8 in Appendix A of the report on State estimates of substance use from the 2005-2006 NSDUHs.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 24,755   5,917   18,838  
Alabama 383 (331 - 442) 87 (75 - 99) 296 (247 - 354)
Alaska 52 (44 - 60) 13 (12 - 15) 39 (32 - 47)
Arizona 509 (437 - 591) 115 (99 - 133) 394 (326 - 473)
Arkansas 274 (237 - 316) 62 (54 - 71) 212 (178 - 253)
California 2,672 (2,429 - 2,937) 743 (683 - 807) 1,929 (1,701 - 2,184)
Colorado 391 (337 - 451) 93 (80 - 107) 298 (249 - 356)
Connecticut 278 (237 - 325) 69 (60 - 80) 209 (171 - 254)
Delaware 68 (58 - 79) 16 (14 - 18) 52 (43 - 63)
District of Columbia 50 (43 - 57) 13 (11 - 15) 37 (30 - 44)
Florida 1,399 (1,273 - 1,538) 289 (266 - 314) 1,110 (987 - 1,247)
Georgia 781 (668 - 909) 185 (160 - 212) 597 (491 - 722)
Hawaii 82 (69 - 98) 24 (21 - 27) 59 (46 - 74)
Idaho 125 (109 - 143) 33 (29 - 38) 92 (77 - 109)
Illinois 969 (882 - 1,064) 236 (217 - 257) 733 (649 - 827)
Indiana 587 (509 - 676) 136 (119 - 155) 451 (378 - 536)
Iowa 254 (218 - 294) 60 (52 - 69) 194 (161 - 233)
Kansas 277 (239 - 319) 61 (52 - 70) 216 (181 - 257)
Kentucky 419 (362 - 483) 81 (70 - 93) 338 (285 - 400)
Louisiana 399 (342 - 464) 85 (73 - 99) 314 (260 - 377)
Maine 125 (107 - 145) 27 (24 - 31) 97 (81 - 117)
Maryland 412 (357 - 476) 105 (91 - 120) 308 (256 - 369)
Massachusetts 523 (449 - 607) 134 (117 - 152) 389 (320 - 470)
Michigan 872 (803 - 947) 210 (194 - 227) 663 (596 - 736)
Minnesota 433 (373 - 500) 112 (98 - 128) 321 (265 - 386)
Mississippi 260 (225 - 300) 63 (54 - 72) 198 (165 - 236)
Missouri 596 (519 - 684) 132 (116 - 149) 464 (391 - 550)
Montana 89 (77 - 102) 21 (18 - 24) 68 (57 - 81)
Nebraska 166 (144 - 192) 37 (32 - 42) 129 (109 - 154)
Nevada 212 (183 - 245) 46 (40 - 54) 165 (138 - 197)
New Hampshire 112 (96 - 130) 28 (24 - 32) 84 (69 - 102)
New Jersey 652 (556 - 764) 142 (122 - 164) 510 (419 - 618)
New Mexico 172 (147 - 200) 41 (35 - 47) 132 (109 - 159)
New York 1,575 (1,433 - 1,730) 357 (326 - 391) 1,218 (1,082 - 1,368)
North Carolina 743 (632 - 869) 156 (135 - 179) 587 (484 - 709)
North Dakota 56 (48 - 64) 16 (14 - 18) 40 (33 - 48)
Ohio 1,019 (936 - 1,109) 254 (235 - 273) 765 (685 - 853)
Oklahoma 346 (300 - 398) 80 (70 - 92) 266 (224 - 316)
Oregon 312 (270 - 360) 82 (71 - 94) 230 (192 - 276)
Pennsylvania 1,029 (935 - 1,133) 242 (223 - 262) 787 (696 - 889)
Rhode Island 110 (95 - 126) 26 (23 - 30) 83 (70 - 99)
South Carolina 389 (335 - 450) 83 (71 - 95) 306 (256 - 365)
South Dakota 61 (52 - 71) 15 (13 - 18) 46 (38 - 56)
Tennessee 598 (516 - 690) 125 (108 - 143) 473 (396 - 562)
Texas 1,786 (1,626 - 1,961) 433 (394 - 475) 1,354 (1,202 - 1,522)
Utah 247 (216 - 283) 78 (68 - 89) 169 (141 - 201)
Vermont 60 (52 - 69) 16 (14 - 18) 44 (37 - 53)
Virginia 586 (503 - 682) 156 (136 - 178) 430 (352 - 524)
Washington 512 (441 - 592) 135 (117 - 154) 377 (312 - 454)
West Virginia 198 (171 - 228) 37 (33 - 42) 160 (135 - 190)
Wisconsin 483 (416 - 559) 115 (100 - 131) 368 (307 - 441)
Wyoming 51 (44 - 58) 12 (11 - 14) 39 (32 - 46)

71012

Table 24. Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 15,895   2,121   3,053   12,842  
Alabama 245 (201 - 298) 29 (23 - 36) 45 (36 - 55) 200 (159 - 252)
Alaska 31 (25 - 38) 6 (5 - 7) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (20 - 32)
Arizona 314 (256 - 385) 45 (37 - 56) 59 (48 - 73) 255 (200 - 324)
Arkansas 190 (156 - 230) 20 (16 - 24) 35 (29 - 42) 155 (123 - 194)
California 1,605 (1,412 - 1,822) 267 (235 - 302) 350 (307 - 399) 1,255 (1,071 - 1,468)
Colorado 284 (234 - 343) 38 (31 - 46) 54 (44 - 66) 230 (183 - 287)
Connecticut 173 (139 - 213) 25 (21 - 30) 33 (27 - 41) 139 (108 - 179)
Delaware 48 (40 - 59) 6 (5 - 8) 8 (7 - 10) 40 (32 - 50)
District of Columbia 36 (30 - 44) 3 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 30 (23 - 37)
Florida 863 (756 - 985) 125 (112 - 140) 148 (130 - 168) 716 (612 - 835)
Georgia 473 (388 - 574) 66 (54 - 81) 85 (68 - 106) 387 (307 - 487)
Hawaii 47 (37 - 60) 9 (7 - 11) 9 (7 - 12) 37 (28 - 50)
Idaho 85 (71 - 102) 12 (10 - 15) 19 (16 - 23) 66 (52 - 82)
Illinois 612 (540 - 694) 83 (73 - 95) 121 (107 - 137) 491 (422 - 571)
Indiana 400 (334 - 478) 44 (36 - 53) 72 (59 - 86) 328 (266 - 404)
Iowa 156 (129 - 189) 20 (16 - 25) 32 (26 - 39) 125 (99 - 157)
Kansas 162 (134 - 196) 20 (17 - 24) 34 (29 - 41) 128 (102 - 160)
Kentucky 270 (225 - 324) 32 (27 - 38) 41 (33 - 50) 230 (187 - 282)
Louisiana 241 (199 - 292) 32 (26 - 38) 51 (42 - 62) 191 (151 - 240)
Maine 90 (75 - 108) 10 (8 - 12) 14 (12 - 18) 76 (61 - 93)
Maryland 265 (219 - 321) 41 (34 - 50) 54 (44 - 66) 211 (168 - 266)
Massachusetts 383 (319 - 460) 41 (33 - 51) 77 (64 - 93) 306 (246 - 381)
Michigan 614 (550 - 684) 75 (67 - 84) 113 (101 - 126) 500 (439 - 569)
Minnesota 273 (225 - 330) 37 (30 - 45) 55 (44 - 67) 218 (173 - 274)
Mississippi 164 (135 - 197) 20 (17 - 25) 31 (25 - 38) 132 (106 - 165)
Missouri 374 (311 - 448) 46 (38 - 55) 66 (55 - 80) 307 (248 - 379)
Montana 63 (52 - 76) 7 (6 - 8) 11 (9 - 14) 52 (41 - 64)
Nebraska 105 (87 - 126) 13 (10 - 15) 19 (16 - 24) 85 (69 - 106)
Nevada 169 (139 - 204) 17 (14 - 21) 28 (22 - 34) 141 (112 - 176)
New Hampshire 85 (71 - 101) 11 (9 - 13) 14 (12 - 17) 70 (57 - 86)
New Jersey 428 (347 - 525) 60 (49 - 74) 75 (61 - 92) 352 (276 - 449)
New Mexico 104 (85 - 128) 15 (13 - 19) 21 (17 - 25) 84 (65 - 107)
New York 1,022 (903 - 1,155) 125 (110 - 141) 183 (160 - 209) 839 (725 - 969)
North Carolina 474 (387 - 579) 60 (49 - 74) 78 (63 - 96) 396 (314 - 499)
North Dakota 38 (32 - 45) 4 (4 - 5) 9 (8 - 11) 29 (23 - 36)
Ohio 698 (624 - 780) 81 (72 - 91) 132 (118 - 148) 566 (495 - 646)
Oklahoma 219 (182 - 263) 27 (22 - 33) 43 (36 - 53) 176 (141 - 218)
Oregon 216 (178 - 260) 24 (20 - 30) 44 (36 - 54) 171 (136 - 216)
Pennsylvania 611 (535 - 698) 79 (69 - 90) 117 (104 - 132) 494 (421 - 579)
Rhode Island 74 (62 - 89) 7 (6 - 9) 13 (11 - 16) 61 (49 - 75)
South Carolina 241 (198 - 291) 28 (23 - 35) 45 (37 - 55) 195 (155 - 244)
South Dakota 38 (30 - 47) 5 (4 - 6) 8 (6 - 10) 30 (23 - 39)
Tennessee 394 (324 - 477) 40 (33 - 48) 68 (56 - 83) 325 (259 - 407)
Texas 1,101 (977 - 1,239) 180 (159 - 203) 230 (203 - 260) 871 (753 - 1,006)
Utah 155 (131 - 183) 19 (16 - 24) 41 (34 - 49) 114 (92 - 141)
Vermont 42 (35 - 51) 4 (4 - 5) 9 (7 - 10) 34 (27 - 42)
Virginia 395 (323 - 482) 56 (46 - 67) 85 (70 - 103) 310 (242 - 396)
Washington 333 (273 - 405) 49 (40 - 59) 69 (56 - 85) 264 (207 - 334)
West Virginia 128 (105 - 155) 11 (9 - 14) 20 (17 - 24) 108 (86 - 134)
Wisconsin 331 (274 - 399) 42 (35 - 51) 61 (50 - 75) 270 (216 - 336)
Wyoming 33 (27 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 7 (6 - 9) 26 (20 - 32)

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