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Appendix B:
Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia)

91007
Table B.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 8.02   9.40   19.69   5.84  
Northeast 8.15 (7.69 - 8.63) 9.61 (8.99 - 10.26) 22.05 (20.88 - 23.26) 5.64 (5.10 - 6.24)
Midwest 7.70 (7.34 - 8.09) 9.39 (8.92 - 9.87) 19.31 (18.41 - 20.24) 5.47 (5.02 - 5.97)
South 7.30 (6.95 - 7.66) 8.85 (8.39 - 9.34) 17.85 (16.96 - 18.78) 5.31 (4.88 - 5.79)
West 9.38 (8.84 - 9.95) 10.09 (9.38 - 10.86) 21.00 (19.80 - 22.26) 7.18 (6.52 - 7.91)
Alabama 6.73 (5.61 - 8.05) 8.25 (6.81 - 9.96) 16.74 (14.06 - 19.80) 4.84 (3.71 - 6.29)
Alaska 11.79 (10.06 - 13.76) 10.95 (9.10 - 13.13) 24.49 (20.78 - 28.63) 9.53 (7.57 - 11.93)
Arizona 8.95 (7.48 - 10.68) 10.07 (8.38 - 12.06) 20.35 (17.04 - 24.11) 6.87 (5.30 - 8.86)
Arkansas 7.96 (6.70 - 9.43) 8.42 (7.02 - 10.07) 20.21 (17.17 - 23.64) 5.90 (4.58 - 7.56)
California 9.07 (8.26 - 9.95) 9.69 (8.63 - 10.85) 20.78 (18.99 - 22.69) 6.77 (5.81 - 7.86)
Colorado 11.72 (10.00 - 13.70) 12.12 (10.23 - 14.30) 26.83 (23.25 - 30.75) 9.15 (7.23 - 11.51)
Connecticut 8.23 (6.98 - 9.68) 10.06 (8.37 - 12.04) 22.41 (19.28 - 25.87) 5.76 (4.47 - 7.39)
Delaware 9.14 (7.69 - 10.83) 10.02 (8.31 - 12.05) 25.14 (21.65 - 28.99) 6.36 (4.83 - 8.35)
District of Columbia 12.13 (10.31 - 14.22) 11.03 (9.03 - 13.40) 26.26 (22.60 - 30.27) 9.12 (7.12 - 11.60)
Florida 7.80 (7.05 - 8.63) 9.05 (7.99 - 10.24) 18.86 (17.18 - 20.67) 6.03 (5.16 - 7.04)
Georgia 7.27 (6.05 - 8.73) 8.07 (6.67 - 9.73) 18.26 (15.42 - 21.48) 5.29 (4.03 - 6.93)
Hawaii 9.92 (8.12 - 12.08) 9.96 (8.03 - 12.29) 21.11 (17.75 - 24.90) 8.15 (6.19 - 10.66)
Idaho 8.00 (6.75 - 9.46) 9.70 (8.16 - 11.50) 17.96 (15.13 - 21.18) 5.98 (4.67 - 7.63)
Illinois 7.17 (6.48 - 7.94) 8.57 (7.63 - 9.61) 17.71 (16.09 - 19.46) 5.09 (4.29 - 6.03)
Indiana 8.79 (7.46 - 10.34) 10.89 (9.16 - 12.91) 20.75 (17.78 - 24.06) 6.49 (5.06 - 8.27)
Iowa 4.08 (3.26 - 5.11) 7.10 (5.70 - 8.82) 9.99 (7.85 - 12.64) 2.64 (1.85 - 3.76)
Kansas 6.77 (5.57 - 8.21) 8.85 (7.23 - 10.79) 15.74 (12.92 - 19.05) 4.80 (3.60 - 6.38)
Kentucky 8.41 (7.06 - 10.00) 9.25 (7.67 - 11.12) 20.40 (17.40 - 23.78) 6.43 (4.99 - 8.24)
Louisiana 7.16 (6.02 - 8.49) 8.48 (6.97 - 10.28) 17.17 (14.49 - 20.24) 5.04 (3.85 - 6.56)
Maine 9.09 (7.74 - 10.64) 11.18 (9.38 - 13.27) 24.54 (21.32 - 28.08) 6.69 (5.26 - 8.47)
Maryland 7.29 (6.11 - 8.69) 9.12 (7.55 - 10.98) 19.25 (16.31 - 22.56) 5.06 (3.83 - 6.64)
Massachusetts 8.87 (7.50 - 10.47) 10.35 (8.62 - 12.39) 24.41 (20.86 - 28.36) 6.00 (4.62 - 7.76)
Michigan 8.95 (8.19 - 9.77) 10.33 (9.27 - 11.50) 22.89 (21.18 - 24.70) 6.40 (5.51 - 7.42)
Minnesota 8.24 (6.94 - 9.75) 9.26 (7.75 - 11.03) 22.41 (19.14 - 26.05) 5.65 (4.31 - 7.38)
Mississippi 6.39 (5.25 - 7.74) 7.33 (5.94 - 9.01) 15.24 (12.58 - 18.34) 4.62 (3.46 - 6.15)
Missouri 7.38 (6.19 - 8.77) 8.78 (7.29 - 10.53) 18.70 (15.79 - 22.01) 5.32 (4.10 - 6.88)
Montana 10.02 (8.53 - 11.74) 11.29 (9.45 - 13.44) 25.04 (21.64 - 28.78) 7.32 (5.73 - 9.31)
Nebraska 6.43 (5.33 - 7.73) 8.85 (7.29 - 10.70) 16.29 (13.46 - 19.57) 4.25 (3.18 - 5.66)
Nevada 9.35 (7.82 - 11.15) 11.31 (9.43 - 13.50) 21.09 (17.69 - 24.95) 7.37 (5.73 - 9.43)
New Hampshire 10.73 (9.23 - 12.43) 11.72 (9.79 - 13.97) 29.21 (25.55 - 33.16) 7.78 (6.20 - 9.73)
New Jersey 6.42 (5.34 - 7.71) 8.22 (6.83 - 9.87) 18.87 (16.00 - 22.12) 4.30 (3.20 - 5.74)
New Mexico 8.71 (7.29 - 10.37) 11.80 (9.79 - 14.16) 20.10 (16.84 - 23.82) 6.19 (4.70 - 8.12)
New York 9.03 (8.20 - 9.93) 9.98 (8.89 - 11.19) 23.62 (21.76 - 25.59) 6.32 (5.38 - 7.40)
North Carolina 7.75 (6.53 - 9.17) 9.84 (8.27 - 11.67) 19.49 (16.46 - 22.91) 5.59 (4.34 - 7.18)
North Dakota 5.91 (4.89 - 7.11) 7.89 (6.41 - 9.68) 13.56 (11.22 - 16.30) 3.93 (2.91 - 5.28)
Ohio 7.61 (6.95 - 8.33) 9.66 (8.67 - 10.75) 19.62 (18.03 - 21.32) 5.36 (4.59 - 6.24)
Oklahoma 8.09 (6.69 - 9.76) 9.55 (7.84 - 11.59) 17.75 (14.72 - 21.26) 6.12 (4.67 - 7.99)
Oregon 12.18 (10.46 - 14.15) 12.19 (10.26 - 14.43) 26.04 (22.89 - 29.45) 10.04 (8.12 - 12.36)
Pennsylvania 6.57 (5.92 - 7.28) 8.70 (7.71 - 9.80) 17.61 (16.05 - 19.29) 4.50 (3.78 - 5.34)
Rhode Island 13.34 (11.50 - 15.43) 12.42 (10.37 - 14.82) 33.05 (29.12 - 37.23) 9.80 (7.76 - 12.32)
South Carolina 6.70 (5.54 - 8.09) 8.68 (7.14 - 10.51) 16.25 (13.39 - 19.57) 4.88 (3.71 - 6.40)
South Dakota 6.28 (5.24 - 7.51) 8.54 (6.98 - 10.42) 16.21 (13.60 - 19.20) 4.17 (3.12 - 5.56)
Tennessee 8.22 (6.95 - 9.70) 8.82 (7.34 - 10.55) 20.33 (17.32 - 23.72) 6.29 (4.94 - 7.98)
Texas 6.26 (5.63 - 6.95) 8.64 (7.65 - 9.73) 14.88 (13.37 - 16.52) 4.28 (3.57 - 5.12)
Utah 6.24 (5.13 - 7.57) 8.31 (6.80 - 10.10) 12.94 (10.39 - 16.00) 4.20 (3.11 - 5.64)
Vermont 11.64 (10.03 - 13.46) 13.09 (11.03 - 15.45) 30.77 (27.20 - 34.57) 8.34 (6.61 - 10.47)
Virginia 7.33 (6.11 - 8.78) 9.52 (7.97 - 11.33) 19.54 (16.42 - 23.09) 5.00 (3.77 - 6.60)
Washington 9.59 (8.11 - 11.31) 9.60 (7.96 - 11.54) 20.46 (17.57 - 23.68) 7.84 (6.20 - 9.88)
West Virginia 6.79 (5.70 - 8.07) 8.97 (7.45 - 10.77) 17.34 (14.59 - 20.49) 5.01 (3.90 - 6.43)
Wisconsin 8.67 (7.32 - 10.25) 9.93 (8.25 - 11.90) 21.54 (18.67 - 24.72) 6.33 (4.89 - 8.15)
Wyoming 6.82 (5.71 - 8.13) 9.97 (8.28 - 11.96) 17.16 (14.44 - 20.28) 4.58 (3.43 - 6.09)
91007
Table B.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 10.22   12.74   27.52   6.91  
Northeast 10.64 (10.13 - 11.18) 13.26 (12.46 - 14.10) 31.10 (29.91 - 32.31) 6.90 (6.32 - 7.53)
Midwest 10.10 (9.70 - 10.51) 12.64 (12.06 - 13.25) 27.93 (27.05 - 28.82) 6.68 (6.21 - 7.18)
South 9.25 (8.86 - 9.66) 11.86 (11.27 - 12.47) 24.17 (23.32 - 25.05) 6.40 (5.94 - 6.89)
West 11.51 (10.91 - 12.14) 13.77 (12.90 - 14.68) 29.43 (28.21 - 30.69) 7.97 (7.24 - 8.76)
Alabama 8.04 (6.83 - 9.44) 10.80 (9.00 - 12.92) 20.67 (17.79 - 23.89) 5.54 (4.31 - 7.10)
Alaska 14.92 (12.95 - 17.13) 15.03 (12.67 - 17.74) 33.41 (29.47 - 37.59) 11.42 (9.18 - 14.14)
Arizona 10.36 (8.89 - 12.04) 13.66 (11.52 - 16.13) 27.87 (24.31 - 31.73) 6.95 (5.43 - 8.85)
Arkansas 10.65 (9.19 - 12.31) 11.41 (9.51 - 13.64) 27.49 (24.13 - 31.12) 7.80 (6.24 - 9.72)
California 11.53 (10.61 - 12.51) 13.20 (11.94 - 14.57) 29.33 (27.45 - 31.29) 7.91 (6.84 - 9.14)
Colorado 13.64 (11.85 - 15.66) 16.61 (14.18 - 19.36) 35.52 (31.65 - 39.59) 9.62 (7.68 - 11.99)
Connecticut 11.34 (9.87 - 13.00) 13.53 (11.43 - 15.95) 34.61 (30.82 - 38.61) 7.40 (5.85 - 9.32)
Delaware 11.66 (10.02 - 13.52) 13.72 (11.51 - 16.27) 34.37 (30.64 - 38.29) 7.62 (5.88 - 9.82)
District of Columbia 15.58 (13.63 - 17.74) 13.82 (11.64 - 16.33) 36.70 (32.90 - 40.67) 11.07 (8.94 - 13.63)
Florida 9.67 (8.82 - 10.60) 12.30 (11.05 - 13.68) 26.06 (24.25 - 27.95) 6.98 (6.02 - 8.07)
Georgia 10.28 (8.76 - 12.03) 12.19 (10.21 - 14.49) 24.86 (21.57 - 28.47) 7.53 (5.92 - 9.52)
Hawaii 10.50 (8.89 - 12.36) 13.59 (11.26 - 16.31) 29.11 (25.37 - 33.15) 7.20 (5.51 - 9.36)
Idaho 9.37 (8.09 - 10.83) 12.52 (10.58 - 14.76) 25.27 (22.14 - 28.68) 6.08 (4.78 - 7.72)
Illinois 9.81 (9.04 - 10.64) 11.74 (10.58 - 13.01) 26.05 (24.32 - 27.87) 6.63 (5.75 - 7.64)
Indiana 10.26 (8.87 - 11.86) 13.16 (11.03 - 15.62) 27.31 (24.05 - 30.84) 6.99 (5.53 - 8.79)
Iowa 6.23 (5.22 - 7.44) 9.57 (7.91 - 11.54) 17.95 (15.12 - 21.17) 3.72 (2.74 - 5.02)
Kansas 9.00 (7.69 - 10.51) 11.79 (9.74 - 14.20) 25.09 (21.66 - 28.86) 5.59 (4.30 - 7.25)
Kentucky 9.78 (8.37 - 11.40) 12.57 (10.53 - 14.93) 25.54 (22.26 - 29.12) 6.97 (5.52 - 8.76)
Louisiana 8.97 (7.60 - 10.55) 10.68 (8.86 - 12.82) 22.74 (19.61 - 26.21) 6.05 (4.65 - 7.85)
Maine 12.12 (10.55 - 13.89) 15.63 (13.35 - 18.22) 36.36 (32.69 - 40.20) 8.33 (6.65 - 10.40)
Maryland 10.37 (8.94 - 11.99) 12.84 (10.79 - 15.20) 28.59 (25.11 - 32.34) 7.00 (5.50 - 8.86)
Massachusetts 12.28 (10.70 - 14.06) 15.43 (13.13 - 18.05) 35.72 (31.75 - 39.89) 7.84 (6.22 - 9.84)
Michigan 11.53 (10.70 - 12.41) 13.56 (12.33 - 14.89) 32.12 (30.28 - 34.03) 7.75 (6.80 - 8.83)
Minnesota 11.30 (9.78 - 13.02) 12.32 (10.30 - 14.66) 33.15 (29.52 - 36.99) 7.38 (5.75 - 9.42)
Mississippi 7.22 (6.08 - 8.56) 9.10 (7.46 - 11.07) 18.96 (16.19 - 22.09) 4.78 (3.63 - 6.27)
Missouri 9.47 (8.15 - 10.98) 12.22 (10.32 - 14.42) 25.45 (22.22 - 28.97) 6.47 (5.12 - 8.15)
Montana 12.32 (10.76 - 14.07) 16.30 (13.98 - 18.92) 35.06 (31.35 - 38.97) 7.98 (6.34 - 9.99)
Nebraska 8.81 (7.49 - 10.34) 11.53 (9.60 - 13.79) 23.82 (20.58 - 27.40) 5.62 (4.30 - 7.31)
Nevada 10.80 (9.12 - 12.76) 15.03 (12.69 - 17.72) 27.54 (23.76 - 31.68) 7.78 (6.01 - 10.03)
New Hampshire 14.50 (12.70 - 16.49) 17.17 (14.77 - 19.87) 41.54 (37.50 - 45.70) 10.04 (8.08 - 12.41)
New Jersey 8.41 (7.10 - 9.93) 10.46 (8.63 - 12.61) 26.91 (23.49 - 30.62) 5.33 (4.00 - 7.08)
New Mexico 10.34 (8.92 - 11.95) 15.75 (13.34 - 18.51) 28.30 (24.78 - 32.10) 6.29 (4.88 - 8.08)
New York 11.55 (10.66 - 12.50) 14.18 (12.84 - 15.65) 32.31 (30.28 - 34.40) 7.53 (6.55 - 8.65)
North Carolina 10.23 (8.74 - 11.94) 13.43 (11.50 - 15.64) 27.17 (23.72 - 30.92) 7.11 (5.53 - 9.09)
North Dakota 8.59 (7.41 - 9.94) 10.61 (8.79 - 12.75) 24.18 (21.00 - 27.67) 4.80 (3.65 - 6.29)
Ohio 10.24 (9.46 - 11.08) 13.82 (12.61 - 15.12) 28.74 (26.93 - 30.62) 6.73 (5.84 - 7.74)
Oklahoma 8.38 (7.01 - 9.98) 11.50 (9.39 - 14.02) 20.45 (17.29 - 24.02) 5.74 (4.35 - 7.55)
Oregon 14.09 (12.29 - 16.10) 16.57 (14.12 - 19.36) 36.96 (33.48 - 40.58) 10.27 (8.28 - 12.66)
Pennsylvania 8.46 (7.74 - 9.23) 11.37 (10.20 - 12.65) 24.82 (23.06 - 26.68) 5.42 (4.63 - 6.33)
Rhode Island 15.81 (13.94 - 17.88) 17.72 (15.11 - 20.67) 44.05 (39.86 - 48.33) 10.33 (8.31 - 12.78)
South Carolina 8.56 (7.31 - 10.01) 11.32 (9.51 - 13.44) 23.50 (20.40 - 26.91) 5.77 (4.48 - 7.39)
South Dakota 8.27 (7.13 - 9.58) 11.35 (9.43 - 13.61) 24.86 (21.65 - 28.37) 4.83 (3.72 - 6.26)
Tennessee 10.12 (8.64 - 11.81) 11.73 (9.79 - 14.01) 26.14 (22.96 - 29.59) 7.47 (5.91 - 9.40)
Texas 7.73 (7.06 - 8.46) 10.98 (9.86 - 12.21) 20.13 (18.52 - 21.84) 4.90 (4.16 - 5.76)
Utah 6.96 (5.86 - 8.25) 9.71 (7.94 - 11.83) 16.71 (13.83 - 20.05) 4.00 (2.94 - 5.43)
Vermont 15.47 (13.68 - 17.44) 17.86 (15.29 - 20.75) 44.24 (40.36 - 48.19) 10.50 (8.53 - 12.85)
Virginia 9.89 (8.49 - 11.49) 13.19 (11.17 - 15.51) 27.54 (24.12 - 31.24) 6.50 (5.07 - 8.30)
Washington 12.20 (10.55 - 14.06) 14.19 (12.04 - 16.66) 30.75 (27.35 - 34.37) 8.98 (7.17 - 11.19)
West Virginia 8.73 (7.44 - 10.21) 12.69 (10.76 - 14.92) 24.01 (20.85 - 27.49) 6.08 (4.75 - 7.73)
Wisconsin 10.70 (9.28 - 12.30) 13.56 (11.47 - 15.97) 31.04 (27.79 - 34.49) 6.88 (5.41 - 8.72)
Wyoming 9.81 (8.51 - 11.28) 14.83 (12.72 - 17.21) 27.03 (23.76 - 30.58) 6.10 (4.75 - 7.80)
91007
Table B.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 5.96   6.67   16.45   4.06  
Northeast 6.31 (5.93 - 6.71) 7.31 (6.79 - 7.86) 19.34 (18.28 - 20.45) 4.00 (3.57 - 4.49)
Midwest 5.91 (5.60 - 6.23) 6.78 (6.36 - 7.24) 16.30 (15.51 - 17.12) 4.00 (3.63 - 4.40)
South 5.24 (4.96 - 5.54) 6.00 (5.61 - 6.42) 14.43 (13.66 - 15.23) 3.60 (3.26 - 3.96)
West 6.85 (6.40 - 7.32) 7.10 (6.53 - 7.71) 17.43 (16.36 - 18.56) 4.90 (4.37 - 5.49)
Alabama 4.57 (3.72 - 5.60) 5.23 (4.11 - 6.64) 12.92 (10.55 - 15.72) 3.06 (2.24 - 4.17)
Alaska 9.18 (7.60 - 11.04) 8.03 (6.40 - 10.03) 20.24 (16.83 - 24.14) 7.28 (5.49 - 9.59)
Arizona 5.80 (4.73 - 7.09) 6.54 (5.22 - 8.16) 16.08 (13.12 - 19.55) 3.96 (2.90 - 5.39)
Arkansas 5.48 (4.46 - 6.71) 5.71 (4.52 - 7.19) 15.46 (12.77 - 18.59) 3.82 (2.79 - 5.20)
California 6.67 (6.01 - 7.40) 6.86 (6.01 - 7.81) 17.27 (15.70 - 18.97) 4.64 (3.88 - 5.55)
Colorado 9.24 (7.77 - 10.94) 9.10 (7.41 - 11.12) 23.44 (20.12 - 27.11) 6.88 (5.31 - 8.88)
Connecticut 6.49 (5.42 - 7.76) 7.77 (6.26 - 9.60) 19.72 (16.73 - 23.11) 4.24 (3.16 - 5.67)
Delaware 7.10 (5.91 - 8.52) 7.21 (5.77 - 8.98) 22.03 (18.76 - 25.70) 4.61 (3.39 - 6.24)
District of Columbia 9.60 (8.11 - 11.34) 7.18 (5.70 - 9.00) 23.60 (19.99 - 27.64) 6.74 (5.17 - 8.75)
Florida 5.58 (4.95 - 6.28) 6.53 (5.64 - 7.55) 15.61 (14.03 - 17.32) 4.00 (3.29 - 4.85)
Georgia 5.39 (4.42 - 6.56) 5.40 (4.27 - 6.82) 14.69 (12.09 - 17.75) 3.80 (2.83 - 5.09)
Hawaii 6.73 (5.39 - 8.37) 7.07 (5.54 - 8.98) 17.19 (14.14 - 20.75) 5.03 (3.63 - 6.93)
Idaho 5.72 (4.74 - 6.90) 6.97 (5.68 - 8.52) 14.50 (11.96 - 17.46) 3.98 (2.98 - 5.29)
Illinois 5.43 (4.88 - 6.04) 6.21 (5.42 - 7.12) 14.57 (13.13 - 16.14) 3.68 (3.06 - 4.43)
Indiana 6.26 (5.17 - 7.57) 7.55 (6.13 - 9.26) 16.87 (14.21 - 19.91) 4.29 (3.17 - 5.79)
Iowa 3.23 (2.56 - 4.06) 5.02 (3.92 - 6.42) 8.52 (6.60 - 10.93) 2.05 (1.43 - 2.95)
Kansas 5.07 (4.10 - 6.26) 6.21 (4.96 - 7.75) 13.38 (10.91 - 16.29) 3.35 (2.41 - 4.64)
Kentucky 5.61 (4.62 - 6.80) 6.42 (5.14 - 8.00) 15.87 (13.14 - 19.04) 3.90 (2.92 - 5.19)
Louisiana 5.00 (4.08 - 6.11) 5.23 (4.10 - 6.64) 13.62 (11.14 - 16.56) 3.30 (2.38 - 4.55)
Maine 8.16 (6.82 - 9.73) 9.06 (7.37 - 11.10) 23.36 (20.09 - 26.98) 5.93 (4.52 - 7.75)
Maryland 5.35 (4.41 - 6.48) 6.26 (5.00 - 7.81) 16.42 (13.84 - 19.38) 3.38 (2.42 - 4.69)
Massachusetts 7.10 (5.91 - 8.50) 8.11 (6.51 - 10.07) 21.97 (18.56 - 25.81) 4.39 (3.24 - 5.94)
Michigan 7.03 (6.35 - 7.77) 7.36 (6.47 - 8.37) 19.20 (17.63 - 20.88) 4.91 (4.15 - 5.81)
Minnesota 7.11 (5.92 - 8.53) 6.61 (5.28 - 8.25) 20.87 (17.77 - 24.34) 4.80 (3.56 - 6.43)
Mississippi 4.35 (3.47 - 5.43) 4.47 (3.46 - 5.74) 11.40 (9.09 - 14.22) 3.03 (2.15 - 4.25)
Missouri 5.42 (4.46 - 6.58) 6.29 (5.02 - 7.85) 15.32 (12.73 - 18.34) 3.67 (2.71 - 4.95)
Montana 8.29 (7.02 - 9.77) 8.60 (7.04 - 10.47) 22.87 (19.59 - 26.52) 5.79 (4.44 - 7.51)
Nebraska 4.95 (4.00 - 6.11) 6.24 (4.99 - 7.78) 13.51 (10.92 - 16.60) 3.16 (2.27 - 4.39)
Nevada 6.18 (5.01 - 7.60) 7.52 (5.99 - 9.38) 16.35 (13.46 - 19.71) 4.51 (3.30 - 6.12)
New Hampshire 9.02 (7.64 - 10.63) 9.42 (7.74 - 11.42) 26.46 (22.83 - 30.43) 6.32 (4.87 - 8.15)
New Jersey 4.84 (3.93 - 5.96) 5.70 (4.51 - 7.17) 15.95 (13.19 - 19.17) 3.04 (2.16 - 4.26)
New Mexico 6.15 (5.07 - 7.43) 8.19 (6.62 - 10.10) 16.35 (13.48 - 19.70) 3.99 (2.91 - 5.45)
New York 6.94 (6.28 - 7.68) 7.81 (6.88 - 8.84) 21.31 (19.52 - 23.21) 4.29 (3.55 - 5.17)
North Carolina 5.99 (4.96 - 7.22) 6.85 (5.61 - 8.35) 16.50 (13.64 - 19.81) 4.20 (3.14 - 5.59)
North Dakota 4.99 (4.03 - 6.18) 5.29 (4.17 - 6.70) 11.52 (9.29 - 14.19) 3.48 (2.50 - 4.83)
Ohio 5.86 (5.25 - 6.53) 7.38 (6.52 - 8.35) 16.84 (15.33 - 18.47) 3.84 (3.18 - 4.64)
Oklahoma 4.78 (3.81 - 5.99) 5.97 (4.65 - 7.63) 11.56 (9.13 - 14.54) 3.38 (2.42 - 4.72)
Oregon 8.59 (7.18 - 10.24) 8.22 (6.72 - 10.03) 21.90 (18.87 - 25.27) 6.58 (5.03 - 8.56)
Pennsylvania 4.78 (4.28 - 5.34) 6.37 (5.57 - 7.28) 14.02 (12.66 - 15.49) 3.07 (2.51 - 3.76)
Rhode Island 10.90 (9.29 - 12.76) 9.46 (7.76 - 11.49) 30.31 (26.48 - 34.42) 7.48 (5.73 - 9.70)
South Carolina 4.98 (4.06 - 6.11) 5.48 (4.35 - 6.88) 13.56 (10.97 - 16.65) 3.52 (2.60 - 4.75)
South Dakota 5.22 (4.23 - 6.41) 6.05 (4.76 - 7.68) 14.30 (11.71 - 17.34) 3.45 (2.47 - 4.79)
Tennessee 5.81 (4.83 - 6.98) 6.17 (4.96 - 7.65) 16.84 (14.08 - 20.03) 4.08 (3.09 - 5.38)
Texas 4.43 (3.92 - 5.01) 5.73 (4.96 - 6.61) 11.73 (10.41 - 13.18) 2.86 (2.31 - 3.54)
Utah 4.28 (3.45 - 5.31) 5.05 (3.93 - 6.47) 9.86 (7.71 - 12.55) 2.74 (1.97 - 3.80)
Vermont 10.17 (8.71 - 11.85) 10.86 (8.93 - 13.14) 29.64 (25.98 - 33.59) 6.92 (5.34 - 8.91)
Virginia 5.79 (4.75 - 7.03) 6.78 (5.43 - 8.42) 16.54 (13.66 - 19.88) 3.85 (2.85 - 5.18)
Washington 7.39 (6.08 - 8.97) 7.17 (5.72 - 8.94) 17.32 (14.59 - 20.45) 5.83 (4.38 - 7.72)
West Virginia 4.79 (3.89 - 5.88) 6.20 (4.96 - 7.73) 14.27 (11.66 - 17.36) 3.26 (2.38 - 4.44)
Wisconsin 6.46 (5.40 - 7.71) 7.25 (5.87 - 8.92) 18.03 (15.37 - 21.04) 4.40 (3.30 - 5.84)
Wyoming 5.60 (4.56 - 6.86) 7.26 (5.87 - 8.95) 15.23 (12.52 - 18.41) 3.67 (2.65 - 5.07)
91007
Table B.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 37.87   34.19   23.98   40.74  
Northeast 36.07 (35.07 - 37.08) 32.34 (31.22 - 33.48) 21.50 (20.56 - 22.47) 38.97 (37.71 - 40.23)
Midwest 36.36 (35.57 - 37.16) 35.06 (34.10 - 36.04) 21.93 (21.16 - 22.71) 39.03 (38.04 - 40.03)
South 41.59 (40.80 - 42.37) 36.41 (35.46 - 37.38) 26.71 (25.87 - 27.58) 44.77 (43.79 - 45.75)
West 34.89 (33.85 - 35.93) 31.36 (30.11 - 32.63) 23.69 (22.58 - 24.83) 37.40 (36.09 - 38.72)
Alabama 44.33 (41.14 - 47.57) 41.01 (37.24 - 44.89) 28.36 (25.15 - 31.81) 47.47 (43.56 - 51.40)
Alaska 30.04 (27.22 - 33.02) 28.83 (25.14 - 32.83) 18.19 (15.31 - 21.48) 32.46 (28.95 - 36.18)
Arizona 38.36 (35.26 - 41.56) 34.69 (30.84 - 38.75) 28.04 (24.52 - 31.85) 40.61 (36.91 - 44.42)
Arkansas 40.76 (37.77 - 43.81) 38.84 (35.31 - 42.50) 25.08 (22.09 - 28.32) 43.57 (39.93 - 47.27)
California 36.33 (34.68 - 38.02) 30.87 (28.96 - 32.84) 24.50 (22.86 - 26.23) 39.36 (37.23 - 41.52)
Colorado 28.37 (25.63 - 31.27) 25.99 (22.94 - 29.30) 16.29 (13.73 - 19.21) 30.68 (27.39 - 34.17)
Connecticut 35.89 (32.94 - 38.95) 29.82 (26.25 - 33.65) 20.33 (17.59 - 23.39) 39.12 (35.52 - 42.84)
Delaware 37.05 (33.93 - 40.28) 33.75 (30.16 - 37.53) 20.80 (18.00 - 23.92) 40.17 (36.39 - 44.06)
District of Columbia 30.99 (28.04 - 34.10) 26.95 (23.22 - 31.05) 18.32 (15.57 - 21.44) 34.19 (30.53 - 38.05)
Florida 42.57 (40.89 - 44.27) 35.19 (33.16 - 37.27) 26.10 (24.32 - 27.96) 45.81 (43.73 - 47.91)
Georgia 37.74 (34.72 - 40.85) 32.58 (29.05 - 36.33) 24.28 (21.00 - 27.88) 40.75 (37.09 - 44.53)
Hawaii 36.54 (33.24 - 39.97) 30.40 (26.79 - 34.27) 23.24 (20.04 - 26.79) 39.35 (35.39 - 43.46)
Idaho 37.02 (34.30 - 39.84) 36.82 (33.44 - 40.33) 24.31 (21.46 - 27.40) 39.32 (35.95 - 42.80)
Illinois 38.17 (36.48 - 39.89) 35.06 (33.14 - 37.03) 23.50 (21.81 - 25.29) 41.22 (39.08 - 43.40)
Indiana 38.04 (35.16 - 41.01) 36.12 (32.68 - 39.70) 22.93 (20.11 - 26.01) 40.86 (37.33 - 44.49)
Iowa 38.18 (35.48 - 40.96) 40.45 (37.01 - 43.97) 24.90 (21.90 - 28.17) 40.26 (36.97 - 43.65)
Kansas 38.43 (35.41 - 41.54) 38.55 (34.74 - 42.52) 23.76 (20.64 - 27.20) 41.18 (37.49 - 44.97)
Kentucky 43.03 (39.98 - 46.14) 39.99 (36.43 - 43.65) 26.26 (23.15 - 29.62) 46.04 (42.34 - 49.78)
Louisiana 43.57 (40.53 - 46.65) 38.55 (34.94 - 42.29) 29.38 (26.06 - 32.93) 47.02 (43.27 - 50.80)
Maine 29.94 (27.00 - 33.06) 29.21 (25.72 - 32.98) 15.18 (12.92 - 17.76) 32.09 (28.58 - 35.81)
Maryland 36.27 (33.31 - 39.34) 33.69 (30.28 - 37.27) 21.44 (18.63 - 24.56) 39.09 (35.46 - 42.85)
Massachusetts 27.56 (24.76 - 30.54) 27.86 (24.53 - 31.45) 15.79 (13.20 - 18.77) 29.56 (26.20 - 33.16)
Michigan 34.18 (32.55 - 35.85) 32.73 (30.87 - 34.65) 19.62 (18.14 - 21.19) 36.85 (34.82 - 38.93)
Minnesota 30.63 (27.76 - 33.67) 32.27 (28.95 - 35.78) 17.75 (15.18 - 20.65) 32.66 (29.14 - 36.38)
Mississippi 48.95 (45.82 - 52.08) 44.50 (40.48 - 48.60) 31.34 (27.94 - 34.95) 52.84 (49.00 - 56.65)
Missouri 36.81 (33.73 - 40.00) 36.53 (32.73 - 40.50) 22.70 (19.89 - 25.78) 39.18 (35.47 - 43.02)
Montana 31.98 (29.24 - 34.85) 31.63 (28.34 - 35.12) 17.70 (15.23 - 20.47) 34.44 (31.08 - 37.96)
Nebraska 40.53 (37.47 - 43.66) 40.00 (36.22 - 43.90) 23.46 (20.40 - 26.82) 43.82 (40.06 - 47.65)
Nevada 36.36 (33.27 - 39.57) 31.58 (27.94 - 35.47) 24.04 (20.80 - 27.61) 38.80 (35.14 - 42.60)
New Hampshire 25.82 (23.24 - 28.57) 24.08 (20.94 - 27.53) 11.82 (9.72 - 14.31) 28.17 (25.05 - 31.51)
New Jersey 39.32 (36.02 - 42.72) 35.09 (31.64 - 38.71) 22.20 (19.38 - 25.30) 42.45 (38.45 - 46.56)
New Mexico 40.02 (36.98 - 43.12) 32.17 (28.71 - 35.83) 25.34 (22.25 - 28.69) 43.79 (40.06 - 47.59)
New York 36.01 (34.26 - 37.79) 30.29 (28.31 - 32.36) 21.96 (20.27 - 23.76) 39.22 (37.02 - 41.45)
North Carolina 38.61 (35.53 - 41.77) 34.30 (31.11 - 37.64) 25.22 (22.13 - 28.58) 41.30 (37.56 - 45.13)
North Dakota 37.58 (34.63 - 40.62) 37.92 (34.41 - 41.56) 22.92 (19.93 - 26.20) 40.87 (37.14 - 44.71)
Ohio 36.73 (35.16 - 38.32) 34.35 (32.46 - 36.28) 22.01 (20.45 - 23.65) 39.47 (37.50 - 41.47)
Oklahoma 42.59 (39.36 - 45.88) 40.17 (36.12 - 44.35) 27.12 (23.67 - 30.88) 45.75 (41.87 - 49.68)
Oregon 28.41 (25.51 - 31.49) 27.88 (24.57 - 31.44) 17.33 (14.83 - 20.14) 30.18 (26.70 - 33.90)
Pennsylvania 40.93 (39.32 - 42.57) 38.43 (36.52 - 40.38) 26.32 (24.65 - 28.05) 43.63 (41.62 - 45.67)
Rhode Island 32.34 (29.46 - 35.35) 29.60 (26.29 - 33.13) 15.80 (13.27 - 18.71) 35.74 (32.20 - 39.45)
South Carolina 40.75 (37.84 - 43.72) 36.04 (32.56 - 39.67) 26.48 (23.35 - 29.86) 43.68 (40.15 - 47.28)
South Dakota 37.90 (35.05 - 40.83) 36.64 (33.08 - 40.36) 23.63 (20.75 - 26.77) 40.67 (37.16 - 44.28)
Tennessee 42.85 (39.79 - 45.97) 39.65 (36.15 - 43.25) 25.90 (22.92 - 29.13) 45.83 (42.12 - 49.58)
Texas 44.79 (43.17 - 46.43) 37.12 (35.10 - 39.17) 30.57 (28.66 - 32.55) 48.63 (46.56 - 50.70)
Utah 40.94 (38.09 - 43.85) 44.22 (40.47 - 48.04) 31.87 (28.08 - 35.91) 42.71 (39.08 - 46.42)
Vermont 27.89 (25.06 - 30.90) 24.17 (21.12 - 27.51) 12.84 (10.60 - 15.47) 30.78 (27.35 - 34.43)
Virginia 35.41 (32.38 - 38.57) 32.16 (28.80 - 35.72) 22.59 (19.55 - 25.95) 37.98 (34.33 - 41.77)
Washington 27.71 (24.93 - 30.67) 28.88 (25.59 - 32.41) 19.96 (17.21 - 23.02) 28.81 (25.46 - 32.41)
West Virginia 43.70 (40.50 - 46.95) 38.79 (35.21 - 42.50) 24.76 (21.70 - 28.10) 46.97 (43.13 - 50.85)
Wisconsin 34.77 (31.81 - 37.86) 34.07 (30.39 - 37.95) 20.65 (18.03 - 23.53) 37.26 (33.62 - 41.04)
Wyoming 37.03 (34.02 - 40.15) 38.69 (34.64 - 42.89) 21.64 (18.71 - 24.90) 39.56 (35.78 - 43.46)
91007
Table B.5 First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Average Annual Rates Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 * {[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above use a simultaneous solution for the first use of marijuana and never used marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 1.65   5.46   6.47   0.12  
Northeast 1.64 (1.55 - 1.74) 5.59 (5.26 - 5.94) 6.84 (6.32 - 7.39) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.17)
Midwest 1.73 (1.65 - 1.81) 5.53 (5.25 - 5.82) 6.89 (6.47 - 7.34) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.17)
South 1.49 (1.42 - 1.57) 5.18 (4.91 - 5.46) 5.72 (5.36 - 6.11) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.17)
West 1.84 (1.72 - 1.96) 5.74 (5.35 - 6.16) 7.02 (6.43 - 7.66) 0.13 (0.09 - 0.20)
Alabama 1.26 (1.08 - 1.47) 4.50 (3.70 - 5.47) 4.60 (3.69 - 5.72) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Alaska 2.27 (1.94 - 2.66) 6.18 (5.13 - 7.44) 7.22 (5.69 - 9.12) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.26)
Arizona 1.65 (1.41 - 1.93) 5.48 (4.54 - 6.61) 6.69 (5.29 - 8.43) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.20)
Arkansas 1.51 (1.30 - 1.76) 4.92 (4.10 - 5.89) 6.53 (5.19 - 8.17) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.20)
California 1.85 (1.68 - 2.04) 5.57 (4.99 - 6.21) 7.12 (6.25 - 8.09) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.20)
Colorado 2.39 (2.06 - 2.78) 7.51 (6.31 - 8.92) 9.33 (7.39 - 11.71) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.31)
Connecticut 1.90 (1.65 - 2.19) 6.57 (5.54 - 7.78) 7.21 (5.84 - 8.87) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
Delaware 1.78 (1.52 - 2.09) 5.38 (4.41 - 6.55) 8.54 (6.87 - 10.58) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.20)
District of Columbia 2.29 (1.96 - 2.69) 6.85 (5.73 - 8.16) 8.35 (6.70 - 10.36) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.36)
Florida 1.33 (1.22 - 1.46) 5.16 (4.62 - 5.75) 5.84 (5.12 - 6.64) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.16)
Georgia 1.66 (1.43 - 1.93) 5.23 (4.29 - 6.37) 5.91 (4.80 - 7.27) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.23)
Hawaii 1.73 (1.46 - 2.04) 6.56 (5.35 - 8.02) 7.72 (6.07 - 9.78) 0.07 (0.03 - 0.15)
Idaho 1.60 (1.38 - 1.85) 5.25 (4.38 - 6.27) 5.34 (4.25 - 6.69) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.19)
Illinois 1.69 (1.54 - 1.84) 5.46 (4.92 - 6.06) 6.38 (5.59 - 7.28) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.18)
Indiana 1.74 (1.51 - 2.00) 5.79 (4.85 - 6.89) 7.37 (5.98 - 9.05) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Iowa 1.33 (1.14 - 1.55) 4.47 (3.71 - 5.38) 5.04 (4.01 - 6.32) 0.09 (0.05 - 0.16)
Kansas 1.66 (1.42 - 1.94) 5.30 (4.38 - 6.40) 6.48 (5.14 - 8.13) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Kentucky 1.68 (1.46 - 1.94) 6.52 (5.50 - 7.72) 6.22 (4.99 - 7.73) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.22)
Louisiana 1.46 (1.26 - 1.71) 4.49 (3.67 - 5.48) 5.42 (4.35 - 6.73) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
Maine 1.86 (1.60 - 2.15) 6.38 (5.35 - 7.59) 8.51 (6.88 - 10.48) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.23)
Maryland 1.74 (1.52 - 2.01) 5.70 (4.78 - 6.78) 7.36 (5.96 - 9.05) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
Massachusetts 2.15 (1.86 - 2.48) 7.16 (6.05 - 8.45) 9.04 (7.23 - 11.25) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.23)
Michigan 1.92 (1.76 - 2.10) 5.69 (5.16 - 6.27) 7.96 (7.05 - 8.98) 0.13 (0.09 - 0.20)
Minnesota 1.79 (1.54 - 2.08) 4.91 (4.05 - 5.94) 8.03 (6.46 - 9.95) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
Mississippi 1.29 (1.10 - 1.51) 4.19 (3.42 - 5.14) 4.70 (3.74 - 5.89) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Missouri 1.62 (1.40 - 1.87) 5.30 (4.44 - 6.31) 6.42 (5.16 - 7.95) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.19)
Montana 1.95 (1.68 - 2.25) 6.80 (5.74 - 8.02) 8.47 (6.76 - 10.57) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.19)
Nebraska 1.45 (1.24 - 1.70) 4.99 (4.12 - 6.04) 5.06 (3.99 - 6.41) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Nevada 1.64 (1.40 - 1.93) 5.73 (4.76 - 6.88) 6.16 (4.85 - 7.81) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.25)
New Hampshire 2.45 (2.12 - 2.82) 6.98 (5.91 - 8.23) 10.90 (8.74 - 13.50) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.27)
New Jersey 1.25 (1.06 - 1.46) 4.17 (3.41 - 5.09) 5.81 (4.62 - 7.28) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
New Mexico 1.97 (1.69 - 2.30) 7.15 (5.98 - 8.52) 8.46 (6.66 - 10.69) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.20)
New York 1.70 (1.55 - 1.86) 5.73 (5.18 - 6.34) 6.73 (5.89 - 7.67) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.19)
North Carolina 1.71 (1.48 - 1.97) 6.44 (5.47 - 7.57) 6.40 (5.11 - 7.99) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
North Dakota 1.70 (1.46 - 1.98) 5.06 (4.19 - 6.09) 6.65 (5.33 - 8.26) 0.09 (0.05 - 0.15)
Ohio 1.79 (1.64 - 1.95) 5.97 (5.40 - 6.59) 7.00 (6.18 - 7.92) 0.13 (0.09 - 0.20)
Oklahoma 1.41 (1.20 - 1.67) 4.82 (3.92 - 5.91) 5.40 (4.27 - 6.82) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.16)
Oregon 2.22 (1.92 - 2.58) 7.07 (5.92 - 8.43) 9.42 (7.68 - 11.50) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.28)
Pennsylvania 1.37 (1.24 - 1.51) 4.91 (4.39 - 5.49) 5.76 (5.03 - 6.59) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.16)
Rhode Island 2.43 (2.09 - 2.83) 7.48 (6.32 - 8.82) 10.61 (8.41 - 13.30) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.26)
South Carolina 1.36 (1.18 - 1.58) 4.79 (3.99 - 5.73) 5.51 (4.40 - 6.86) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
South Dakota 1.55 (1.34 - 1.79) 4.91 (4.09 - 5.88) 6.46 (5.24 - 7.92) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.16)
Tennessee 1.34 (1.15 - 1.55) 4.77 (3.93 - 5.77) 5.60 (4.49 - 6.95) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.19)
Texas 1.45 (1.31 - 1.59) 4.86 (4.34 - 5.45) 4.96 (4.31 - 5.71) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Utah 1.18 (0.98 - 1.41) 3.77 (3.04 - 4.66) 2.96 (2.22 - 3.95) 0.10 (0.05 - 0.20)
Vermont 2.36 (2.04 - 2.73) 7.53 (6.37 - 8.88) 10.40 (8.48 - 12.70) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.24)
Virginia 1.81 (1.55 - 2.11) 5.65 (4.74 - 6.73) 6.94 (5.56 - 8.61) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.22)
Washington 1.79 (1.53 - 2.09) 5.35 (4.43 - 6.44) 7.15 (5.74 - 8.87) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.24)
West Virginia 1.23 (1.06 - 1.43) 5.09 (4.23 - 6.12) 5.70 (4.56 - 7.10) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.18)
Wisconsin 1.82 (1.58 - 2.09) 6.06 (5.05 - 7.27) 7.54 (6.10 - 9.27) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.19)
Wyoming 1.88 (1.63 - 2.17) 6.48 (5.49 - 7.64) 7.26 (5.87 - 8.95) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
91007
Table B.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 3.58   4.53   7.96   2.71  
Northeast 3.32 (3.02 - 3.64) 4.01 (3.62 - 4.44) 7.86 (7.25 - 8.51) 2.47 (2.14 - 2.85)
Midwest 3.37 (3.14 - 3.63) 4.45 (4.11 - 4.83) 7.79 (7.31 - 8.30) 2.47 (2.20 - 2.76)
South 3.54 (3.31 - 3.80) 4.51 (4.18 - 4.87) 7.78 (7.32 - 8.27) 2.70 (2.43 - 3.00)
West 4.06 (3.71 - 4.45) 5.01 (4.52 - 5.56) 8.47 (7.78 - 9.21) 3.14 (2.74 - 3.60)
Alabama 3.81 (2.94 - 4.94) 4.77 (3.70 - 6.13) 8.47 (6.75 - 10.60) 2.90 (2.00 - 4.18)
Alaska 3.93 (3.03 - 5.07) 4.85 (3.70 - 6.32) 8.29 (6.43 - 10.62) 2.96 (2.06 - 4.25)
Arizona 4.45 (3.44 - 5.73) 5.59 (4.35 - 7.16) 9.37 (7.34 - 11.89) 3.46 (2.43 - 4.90)
Arkansas 4.28 (3.37 - 5.43) 4.69 (3.68 - 5.94) 10.06 (8.10 - 12.43) 3.29 (2.34 - 4.60)
California 3.94 (3.41 - 4.55) 4.81 (4.11 - 5.61) 8.01 (6.98 - 9.17) 3.05 (2.45 - 3.77)
Colorado 4.57 (3.56 - 5.85) 5.38 (4.21 - 6.86) 10.96 (8.85 - 13.50) 3.40 (2.37 - 4.85)
Connecticut 3.26 (2.50 - 4.24) 4.31 (3.31 - 5.60) 7.60 (6.02 - 9.55) 2.44 (1.68 - 3.54)
Delaware 4.20 (3.24 - 5.44) 4.50 (3.45 - 5.84) 9.46 (7.61 - 11.70) 3.29 (2.27 - 4.76)
District of Columbia 4.53 (3.43 - 5.96) 4.25 (3.23 - 5.58) 6.99 (5.41 - 8.98) 4.02 (2.80 - 5.72)
Florida 3.50 (2.98 - 4.10) 4.45 (3.75 - 5.27) 7.58 (6.59 - 8.71) 2.79 (2.23 - 3.49)
Georgia 3.07 (2.34 - 4.03) 3.91 (2.98 - 5.12) 7.14 (5.58 - 9.08) 2.26 (1.52 - 3.34)
Hawaii 4.18 (3.10 - 5.62) 4.85 (3.58 - 6.53) 7.82 (6.07 - 10.01) 3.53 (2.35 - 5.27)
Idaho 3.53 (2.76 - 4.52) 4.87 (3.80 - 6.22) 7.40 (5.80 - 9.40) 2.65 (1.87 - 3.74)
Illinois 2.95 (2.51 - 3.46) 3.72 (3.10 - 4.46) 6.36 (5.49 - 7.37) 2.23 (1.75 - 2.84)
Indiana 4.20 (3.29 - 5.35) 5.55 (4.33 - 7.10) 9.11 (7.31 - 11.29) 3.18 (2.25 - 4.49)
Iowa 1.81 (1.31 - 2.51) 3.14 (2.25 - 4.37) 4.73 (3.43 - 6.49) 1.12 (0.67 - 1.86)
Kansas 3.55 (2.73 - 4.61) 4.83 (3.75 - 6.20) 7.52 (5.79 - 9.70) 2.63 (1.82 - 3.80)
Kentucky 4.39 (3.44 - 5.60) 4.95 (3.82 - 6.39) 10.41 (8.49 - 12.71) 3.38 (2.38 - 4.78)
Louisiana 3.93 (3.05 - 5.04) 4.95 (3.82 - 6.39) 7.72 (6.13 - 9.69) 3.05 (2.14 - 4.32)
Maine 2.98 (2.29 - 3.87) 4.29 (3.26 - 5.61) 8.33 (6.62 - 10.43) 2.08 (1.42 - 3.05)
Maryland 3.23 (2.45 - 4.25) 4.00 (3.07 - 5.20) 6.87 (5.40 - 8.70) 2.52 (1.71 - 3.69)
Massachusetts 3.38 (2.54 - 4.47) 3.91 (2.94 - 5.19) 7.67 (5.98 - 9.78) 2.57 (1.73 - 3.80)
Michigan 3.56 (3.12 - 4.07) 4.82 (4.13 - 5.61) 8.76 (7.75 - 9.90) 2.51 (2.03 - 3.10)
Minnesota 3.08 (2.35 - 4.02) 4.26 (3.31 - 5.47) 7.62 (5.96 - 9.68) 2.14 (1.43 - 3.17)
Mississippi 3.08 (2.32 - 4.08) 3.90 (2.98 - 5.09) 6.93 (5.40 - 8.86) 2.25 (1.49 - 3.38)
Missouri 3.87 (3.02 - 4.95) 4.73 (3.65 - 6.12) 9.27 (7.46 - 11.47) 2.86 (2.01 - 4.06)
Montana 3.89 (3.06 - 4.95) 4.88 (3.85 - 6.16) 9.27 (7.46 - 11.46) 2.86 (2.02 - 4.04)
Nebraska 2.91 (2.19 - 3.84) 4.22 (3.19 - 5.57) 6.81 (5.19 - 8.89) 1.99 (1.32 - 3.01)
Nevada 4.45 (3.36 - 5.86) 5.70 (4.43 - 7.32) 9.29 (7.35 - 11.69) 3.57 (2.43 - 5.21)
New Hampshire 3.57 (2.78 - 4.57) 4.42 (3.41 - 5.73) 9.36 (7.56 - 11.54) 2.58 (1.80 - 3.69)
New Jersey 2.73 (2.02 - 3.69) 3.61 (2.70 - 4.80) 7.07 (5.49 - 9.07) 1.96 (1.26 - 3.03)
New Mexico 3.56 (2.71 - 4.66) 5.41 (4.17 - 6.99) 7.49 (5.78 - 9.64) 2.58 (1.73 - 3.83)
New York 3.54 (3.01 - 4.16) 3.89 (3.26 - 4.63) 7.86 (6.81 - 9.06) 2.73 (2.15 - 3.46)
North Carolina 3.51 (2.69 - 4.56) 4.48 (3.47 - 5.77) 8.19 (6.49 - 10.27) 2.63 (1.82 - 3.80)
North Dakota 2.28 (1.71 - 3.03) 3.70 (2.77 - 4.93) 5.40 (4.09 - 7.10) 1.39 (0.88 - 2.18)
Ohio 3.30 (2.83 - 3.84) 4.35 (3.72 - 5.08) 7.87 (6.91 - 8.94) 2.41 (1.90 - 3.05)
Oklahoma 4.85 (3.74 - 6.26) 5.71 (4.38 - 7.41) 10.61 (8.48 - 13.20) 3.68 (2.55 - 5.28)
Oregon 5.51 (4.36 - 6.93) 6.19 (4.79 - 7.95) 11.39 (9.41 - 13.71) 4.52 (3.26 - 6.23)
Pennsylvania 3.11 (2.68 - 3.60) 4.23 (3.59 - 4.97) 7.75 (6.82 - 8.80) 2.21 (1.76 - 2.78)
Rhode Island 5.87 (4.64 - 7.39) 5.30 (4.12 - 6.80) 12.47 (10.09 - 15.31) 4.71 (3.40 - 6.50)
South Carolina 3.09 (2.34 - 4.08) 4.28 (3.30 - 5.54) 7.13 (5.54 - 9.14) 2.28 (1.54 - 3.37)
South Dakota 2.33 (1.75 - 3.09) 3.62 (2.70 - 4.85) 6.23 (4.79 - 8.08) 1.44 (0.91 - 2.26)
Tennessee 4.27 (3.35 - 5.44) 4.74 (3.69 - 6.09) 9.13 (7.34 - 11.28) 3.47 (2.50 - 4.81)
Texas 3.30 (2.84 - 3.83) 4.67 (3.97 - 5.49) 6.91 (6.02 - 7.93) 2.41 (1.91 - 3.05)
Utah 3.12 (2.41 - 4.02) 4.58 (3.52 - 5.95) 6.86 (5.29 - 8.84) 1.91 (1.26 - 2.88)
Vermont 4.00 (3.15 - 5.07) 4.81 (3.70 - 6.23) 11.01 (8.91 - 13.53) 2.76 (1.92 - 3.96)
Virginia 3.13 (2.37 - 4.12) 4.27 (3.30 - 5.51) 7.25 (5.68 - 9.22) 2.29 (1.53 - 3.41)
Washington 3.74 (2.90 - 4.81) 4.68 (3.64 - 6.00) 8.21 (6.53 - 10.26) 2.91 (2.05 - 4.10)
West Virginia 3.78 (2.92 - 4.87) 4.63 (3.58 - 5.98) 9.55 (7.77 - 11.68) 2.85 (1.99 - 4.07)
Wisconsin 4.15 (3.23 - 5.30) 5.07 (3.94 - 6.50) 9.25 (7.46 - 11.41) 3.16 (2.21 - 4.50)
Wyoming 2.96 (2.27 - 3.85) 4.63 (3.57 - 5.97) 7.39 (5.81 - 9.37) 1.96 (1.31 - 2.93)
91007
Table B.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.21   1.37   5.95   1.68  
Northeast 2.28 (2.03 - 2.56) 1.30 (1.11 - 1.52) 6.19 (5.66 - 6.78) 1.75 (1.47 - 2.08)
Midwest 2.07 (1.87 - 2.29) 1.27 (1.10 - 1.46) 5.84 (5.42 - 6.28) 1.52 (1.29 - 1.79)
South 2.09 (1.89 - 2.31) 1.28 (1.12 - 1.47) 5.34 (4.94 - 5.78) 1.65 (1.42 - 1.92)
West 2.47 (2.19 - 2.77) 1.66 (1.40 - 1.96) 6.75 (6.14 - 7.42) 1.81 (1.50 - 2.18)
Alabama 1.55 (1.07 - 2.23) 1.02 (0.69 - 1.53) 3.93 (2.87 - 5.37) 1.21 (0.72 - 2.01)
Alaska 3.07 (2.22 - 4.24) 1.72 (1.16 - 2.54) 7.88 (5.93 - 10.40) 2.38 (1.50 - 3.76)
Arizona 3.10 (2.25 - 4.28) 2.09 (1.42 - 3.05) 8.04 (6.11 - 10.52) 2.41 (1.52 - 3.78)
Arkansas 2.06 (1.44 - 2.93) 1.23 (0.84 - 1.80) 5.45 (4.04 - 7.32) 1.61 (0.99 - 2.61)
California 2.27 (1.89 - 2.73) 1.59 (1.22 - 2.06) 6.12 (5.23 - 7.15) 1.64 (1.24 - 2.19)
Colorado 3.66 (2.74 - 4.86) 2.10 (1.43 - 3.07) 10.44 (8.20 - 13.20) 2.72 (1.78 - 4.12)
Connecticut 2.28 (1.67 - 3.12) 1.62 (1.12 - 2.34) 6.46 (4.95 - 8.40) 1.71 (1.09 - 2.67)
Delaware 2.63 (1.86 - 3.69) 1.12 (0.75 - 1.65) 6.62 (5.03 - 8.67) 2.15 (1.35 - 3.41)
District of Columbia 4.20 (3.03 - 5.79) 0.62 (0.39 - 0.97) 5.47 (4.06 - 7.34) 4.26 (2.89 - 6.24)
Florida 2.00 (1.64 - 2.43) 1.46 (1.14 - 1.88) 5.56 (4.71 - 6.56) 1.54 (1.16 - 2.04)
Georgia 2.06 (1.43 - 2.97) 1.09 (0.74 - 1.60) 4.79 (3.56 - 6.42) 1.74 (1.06 - 2.82)
Hawaii 2.11 (1.45 - 3.06) 1.52 (0.95 - 2.42) 5.49 (3.97 - 7.53) 1.64 (0.98 - 2.72)
Idaho 1.50 (1.07 - 2.08) 1.42 (0.97 - 2.08) 5.26 (3.90 - 7.05) 0.84 (0.47 - 1.48)
Illinois 2.07 (1.69 - 2.53) 1.16 (0.88 - 1.53) 5.11 (4.34 - 6.00) 1.65 (1.23 - 2.21)
Indiana 2.18 (1.62 - 2.93) 1.30 (0.91 - 1.85) 6.39 (4.94 - 8.22) 1.59 (1.02 - 2.45)
Iowa 1.20 (0.82 - 1.74) 1.13 (0.71 - 1.78) 4.13 (2.98 - 5.70) 0.68 (0.36 - 1.29)
Kansas 1.73 (1.22 - 2.45) 1.42 (0.96 - 2.09) 5.75 (4.22 - 7.79) 1.02 (0.58 - 1.78)
Kentucky 1.84 (1.32 - 2.56) 1.29 (0.88 - 1.89) 5.97 (4.52 - 7.85) 1.25 (0.76 - 2.07)
Louisiana 2.59 (1.84 - 3.62) 0.94 (0.64 - 1.39) 5.07 (3.83 - 6.69) 2.33 (1.50 - 3.60)
Maine 2.43 (1.79 - 3.30) 1.33 (0.92 - 1.92) 7.84 (6.11 - 10.00) 1.80 (1.16 - 2.77)
Maryland 2.04 (1.43 - 2.92) 1.04 (0.70 - 1.55) 4.69 (3.46 - 6.34) 1.73 (1.09 - 2.75)
Massachusetts 2.17 (1.53 - 3.06) 1.35 (0.91 - 1.98) 6.36 (4.74 - 8.47) 1.54 (0.93 - 2.54)
Michigan 2.15 (1.79 - 2.58) 1.13 (0.88 - 1.47) 6.25 (5.41 - 7.21) 1.59 (1.20 - 2.11)
Minnesota 2.34 (1.70 - 3.21) 1.58 (1.11 - 2.23) 6.38 (4.82 - 8.39) 1.73 (1.10 - 2.72)
Mississippi 1.27 (0.82 - 1.98) 0.66 (0.40 - 1.08) 3.12 (2.17 - 4.47) 1.02 (0.55 - 1.88)
Missouri 2.00 (1.45 - 2.75) 1.31 (0.90 - 1.92) 5.93 (4.50 - 7.78) 1.43 (0.89 - 2.29)
Montana 2.25 (1.67 - 3.04) 1.27 (0.87 - 1.85) 7.66 (5.92 - 9.87) 1.46 (0.92 - 2.32)
Nebraska 1.45 (1.02 - 2.07) 1.20 (0.79 - 1.82) 4.51 (3.26 - 6.22) 0.91 (0.53 - 1.57)
Nevada 2.50 (1.77 - 3.52) 2.10 (1.43 - 3.06) 7.00 (5.26 - 9.25) 1.88 (1.15 - 3.07)
New Hampshire 2.21 (1.63 - 2.99) 1.49 (1.02 - 2.16) 7.23 (5.51 - 9.44) 1.54 (0.99 - 2.38)
New Jersey 1.74 (1.18 - 2.54) 1.19 (0.80 - 1.77) 5.06 (3.73 - 6.83) 1.30 (0.75 - 2.24)
New Mexico 2.02 (1.46 - 2.79) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.44) 6.41 (4.81 - 8.49) 1.26 (0.75 - 2.11)
New York 2.60 (2.15 - 3.13) 1.25 (0.94 - 1.65) 6.46 (5.54 - 7.52) 2.08 (1.58 - 2.72)
North Carolina 2.54 (1.81 - 3.55) 1.05 (0.69 - 1.58) 6.07 (4.57 - 8.02) 2.16 (1.39 - 3.35)
North Dakota 1.45 (1.02 - 2.07) 1.07 (0.69 - 1.66) 4.18 (3.02 - 5.77) 0.88 (0.50 - 1.55)
Ohio 1.90 (1.56 - 2.31) 1.22 (0.94 - 1.58) 5.83 (5.00 - 6.78) 1.34 (0.98 - 1.83)
Oklahoma 1.55 (1.08 - 2.21) 1.37 (0.92 - 2.03) 4.74 (3.41 - 6.55) 0.98 (0.57 - 1.71)
Oregon 3.24 (2.46 - 4.25) 1.61 (1.11 - 2.34) 8.84 (7.00 - 11.09) 2.56 (1.75 - 3.74)
Pennsylvania 2.03 (1.66 - 2.48) 1.28 (0.99 - 1.65) 5.47 (4.65 - 6.43) 1.56 (1.16 - 2.09)
Rhode Island 4.14 (3.11 - 5.50) 1.65 (1.11 - 2.44) 10.12 (7.97 - 12.76) 3.34 (2.22 - 4.99)
South Carolina 2.33 (1.68 - 3.24) 1.05 (0.72 - 1.52) 5.72 (4.33 - 7.54) 1.94 (1.26 - 2.99)
South Dakota 1.30 (0.88 - 1.91) 1.06 (0.68 - 1.65) 4.49 (3.21 - 6.24) 0.75 (0.40 - 1.41)
Tennessee 2.43 (1.77 - 3.34) 1.15 (0.77 - 1.72) 6.76 (5.24 - 8.69) 1.93 (1.24 - 2.98)
Texas 2.00 (1.63 - 2.44) 1.63 (1.28 - 2.09) 5.08 (4.26 - 6.06) 1.47 (1.08 - 2.00)
Utah 1.79 (1.30 - 2.47) 1.34 (0.88 - 2.05) 5.17 (3.78 - 7.04) 1.01 (0.58 - 1.73)
Vermont 2.99 (2.30 - 3.88) 1.32 (0.89 - 1.94) 10.50 (8.41 - 13.04) 1.97 (1.29 - 2.99)
Virginia 2.17 (1.52 - 3.08) 1.31 (0.89 - 1.92) 5.95 (4.50 - 7.84) 1.64 (0.99 - 2.70)
Washington 2.30 (1.69 - 3.12) 1.51 (1.04 - 2.18) 6.72 (5.18 - 8.67) 1.69 (1.09 - 2.61)
West Virginia 2.51 (1.86 - 3.39) 1.34 (0.91 - 1.97) 7.85 (6.04 - 10.15) 1.87 (1.22 - 2.85)
Wisconsin 2.94 (2.18 - 3.97) 1.57 (1.08 - 2.27) 7.52 (5.97 - 9.44) 2.34 (1.53 - 3.58)
Wyoming 1.77 (1.30 - 2.42) 1.41 (0.97 - 2.04) 6.23 (4.72 - 8.19) 1.03 (0.60 - 1.76)
91007
Table B.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 4.89   6.56   12.05   3.44  
Northeast 4.13 (3.84 - 4.45) 5.29 (4.84 - 5.78) 11.07 (10.38 - 11.81) 2.83 (2.52 - 3.19)
Midwest 4.93 (4.66 - 5.21) 6.81 (6.41 - 7.24) 12.20 (11.61 - 12.82) 3.42 (3.12 - 3.74)
South 4.88 (4.62 - 5.17) 6.71 (6.30 - 7.14) 11.89 (11.30 - 12.51) 3.46 (3.17 - 3.79)
West 5.48 (5.10 - 5.89) 7.03 (6.44 - 7.67) 12.87 (12.04 - 13.74) 3.93 (3.51 - 4.41)
Alabama 5.36 (4.41 - 6.50) 7.26 (5.92 - 8.87) 13.28 (11.01 - 15.93) 3.77 (2.84 - 5.00)
Alaska 5.21 (4.21 - 6.44) 7.35 (5.93 - 9.08) 11.12 (8.87 - 13.84) 3.77 (2.77 - 5.10)
Arizona 6.10 (4.96 - 7.47) 8.43 (6.84 - 10.36) 13.84 (11.27 - 16.89) 4.47 (3.34 - 5.95)
Arkansas 6.32 (5.23 - 7.64) 7.94 (6.50 - 9.66) 15.93 (13.28 - 18.99) 4.55 (3.42 - 6.02)
California 5.16 (4.59 - 5.79) 6.35 (5.53 - 7.29) 12.07 (10.85 - 13.40) 3.68 (3.06 - 4.42)
Colorado 5.58 (4.59 - 6.78) 7.13 (5.76 - 8.81) 14.41 (11.89 - 17.35) 3.92 (2.92 - 5.23)
Connecticut 3.83 (3.07 - 4.77) 5.02 (3.99 - 6.31) 10.45 (8.39 - 12.93) 2.64 (1.92 - 3.61)
Delaware 5.11 (4.11 - 6.34) 6.36 (5.10 - 7.91) 13.04 (10.77 - 15.72) 3.63 (2.64 - 4.99)
District of Columbia 3.83 (2.96 - 4.94) 4.06 (3.12 - 5.26) 8.09 (6.24 - 10.41) 2.86 (2.03 - 4.02)
Florida 4.10 (3.60 - 4.67) 6.45 (5.61 - 7.41) 10.93 (9.73 - 12.26) 2.84 (2.31 - 3.48)
Georgia 5.17 (4.18 - 6.39) 6.28 (5.06 - 7.77) 12.34 (10.04 - 15.08) 3.80 (2.80 - 5.13)
Hawaii 4.50 (3.49 - 5.79) 5.96 (4.56 - 7.76) 10.09 (7.93 - 12.75) 3.45 (2.42 - 4.90)
Idaho 5.63 (4.65 - 6.79) 7.75 (6.36 - 9.40) 12.64 (10.35 - 15.35) 4.07 (3.10 - 5.32)
Illinois 3.88 (3.41 - 4.42) 5.51 (4.78 - 6.34) 9.19 (8.13 - 10.37) 2.71 (2.20 - 3.33)
Indiana 6.04 (4.96 - 7.33) 7.66 (6.28 - 9.31) 14.16 (11.81 - 16.89) 4.44 (3.35 - 5.88)
Iowa 3.32 (2.63 - 4.19) 5.75 (4.58 - 7.20) 8.26 (6.49 - 10.46) 2.13 (1.50 - 3.01)
Kansas 4.64 (3.70 - 5.81) 7.25 (5.83 - 9.00) 10.30 (8.13 - 12.96) 3.22 (2.34 - 4.42)
Kentucky 6.58 (5.34 - 8.08) 7.82 (6.39 - 9.54) 16.01 (13.37 - 19.05) 4.95 (3.68 - 6.63)
Louisiana 5.67 (4.60 - 6.97) 6.81 (5.53 - 8.37) 12.92 (10.61 - 15.65) 4.10 (3.03 - 5.53)
Maine 4.40 (3.54 - 5.45) 6.56 (5.29 - 8.11) 12.44 (10.14 - 15.17) 3.03 (2.21 - 4.14)
Maryland 3.95 (3.17 - 4.92) 5.17 (4.16 - 6.41) 9.74 (7.87 - 12.00) 2.83 (2.07 - 3.86)
Massachusetts 4.98 (4.00 - 6.19) 5.48 (4.35 - 6.89) 13.21 (10.75 - 16.12) 3.50 (2.55 - 4.77)
Michigan 5.42 (4.86 - 6.05) 7.54 (6.64 - 8.55) 13.00 (11.72 - 14.40) 3.85 (3.24 - 4.57)
Minnesota 4.91 (4.01 - 5.98) 6.48 (5.27 - 7.94) 12.65 (10.37 - 15.36) 3.36 (2.49 - 4.53)
Mississippi 4.28 (3.43 - 5.33) 5.73 (4.57 - 7.16) 10.36 (8.34 - 12.80) 2.94 (2.13 - 4.06)
Missouri 4.49 (3.64 - 5.52) 6.71 (5.48 - 8.20) 11.72 (9.52 - 14.36) 3.00 (2.21 - 4.06)
Montana 5.52 (4.57 - 6.64) 7.65 (6.25 - 9.34) 14.87 (12.40 - 17.72) 3.67 (2.74 - 4.88)
Nebraska 3.31 (2.59 - 4.22) 5.24 (4.11 - 6.65) 8.58 (6.65 - 11.01) 2.06 (1.43 - 2.96)
Nevada 6.32 (5.11 - 7.79) 8.81 (7.15 - 10.81) 15.32 (12.57 - 18.53) 4.67 (3.45 - 6.31)
New Hampshire 5.28 (4.33 - 6.43) 7.04 (5.72 - 8.64) 15.00 (12.43 - 17.98) 3.58 (2.68 - 4.77)
New Jersey 3.53 (2.77 - 4.48) 4.64 (3.65 - 5.89) 9.84 (7.83 - 12.30) 2.43 (1.71 - 3.44)
New Mexico 5.45 (4.36 - 6.79) 8.46 (6.78 - 10.51) 10.95 (8.65 - 13.77) 4.02 (2.92 - 5.52)
New York 4.02 (3.54 - 4.55) 4.99 (4.28 - 5.81) 10.45 (9.29 - 11.74) 2.75 (2.25 - 3.36)
North Carolina 4.66 (3.78 - 5.73) 7.02 (5.77 - 8.52) 11.84 (9.61 - 14.51) 3.20 (2.36 - 4.34)
North Dakota 3.98 (3.22 - 4.91) 6.54 (5.28 - 8.08) 9.24 (7.38 - 11.50) 2.45 (1.77 - 3.39)
Ohio 5.52 (4.97 - 6.13) 7.32 (6.47 - 8.28) 15.11 (13.73 - 16.61) 3.70 (3.11 - 4.40)
Oklahoma 6.93 (5.66 - 8.46) 8.67 (6.95 - 10.75) 16.84 (13.91 - 20.24) 4.88 (3.62 - 6.55)
Oregon 6.58 (5.42 - 7.97) 8.23 (6.70 - 10.07) 17.88 (15.09 - 21.04) 4.65 (3.50 - 6.15)
Pennsylvania 4.02 (3.55 - 4.54) 5.76 (5.02 - 6.59) 10.74 (9.57 - 12.03) 2.70 (2.21 - 3.29)
Rhode Island 6.28 (5.14 - 7.66) 6.28 (5.00 - 7.86) 16.63 (13.83 - 19.86) 4.36 (3.23 - 5.86)
South Carolina 4.34 (3.50 - 5.37) 6.54 (5.30 - 8.04) 11.22 (9.12 - 13.73) 2.94 (2.14 - 4.02)
South Dakota 3.36 (2.67 - 4.21) 5.58 (4.37 - 7.10) 8.50 (6.76 - 10.65) 2.12 (1.51 - 2.97)
Tennessee 6.52 (5.37 - 7.89) 7.73 (6.29 - 9.45) 15.35 (12.90 - 18.17) 5.02 (3.80 - 6.60)
Texas 4.43 (3.92 - 4.99) 6.49 (5.69 - 7.41) 10.15 (8.97 - 11.47) 3.03 (2.49 - 3.69)
Utah 4.94 (4.05 - 6.01) 6.91 (5.56 - 8.57) 10.26 (8.21 - 12.75) 3.23 (2.39 - 4.36)
Vermont 4.67 (3.80 - 5.74) 6.38 (5.11 - 7.94) 13.27 (10.87 - 16.11) 3.07 (2.24 - 4.19)
Virginia 4.85 (3.92 - 5.98) 6.78 (5.53 - 8.28) 11.55 (9.40 - 14.11) 3.47 (2.56 - 4.69)
Washington 6.13 (5.05 - 7.43) 7.72 (6.31 - 9.40) 14.77 (12.40 - 17.49) 4.55 (3.43 - 6.02)
West Virginia 4.98 (4.06 - 6.09) 7.06 (5.75 - 8.64) 13.60 (11.22 - 16.38) 3.50 (2.61 - 4.68)
Wisconsin 6.26 (5.14 - 7.60) 7.90 (6.37 - 9.75) 15.43 (13.03 - 18.17) 4.50 (3.34 - 6.03)
Wyoming 4.26 (3.48 - 5.21) 7.70 (6.27 - 9.42) 11.00 (8.94 - 13.46) 2.62 (1.91 - 3.60)
91007
Table B.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 51.39   15.27   61.19   54.44  
Northeast 56.12 (55.03 - 57.20) 16.75 (15.93 - 17.61) 66.63 (65.15 - 68.08) 59.25 (57.93 - 60.55)
Midwest 54.23 (53.35 - 55.11) 16.14 (15.48 - 16.83) 65.75 (64.46 - 67.01) 57.27 (56.21 - 58.33)
South 47.38 (46.51 - 48.24) 14.18 (13.58 - 14.80) 57.39 (56.10 - 58.67) 50.02 (48.99 - 51.05)
West 51.20 (50.06 - 52.34) 15.03 (14.17 - 15.93) 58.53 (57.00 - 60.04) 54.85 (53.45 - 56.25)
Alabama 40.35 (37.25 - 43.53) 13.01 (11.01 - 15.31) 52.32 (48.45 - 56.17) 41.88 (38.12 - 45.73)
Alaska 54.73 (51.39 - 58.02) 14.26 (12.10 - 16.73) 61.68 (57.25 - 65.92) 59.72 (55.61 - 63.70)
Arizona 52.78 (49.47 - 56.06) 16.01 (13.60 - 18.76) 60.40 (56.02 - 64.61) 56.47 (52.44 - 60.41)
Arkansas 43.10 (40.00 - 46.26) 14.74 (12.71 - 17.02) 53.83 (49.80 - 57.82) 45.02 (41.24 - 48.85)
California 49.72 (48.00 - 51.45) 14.81 (13.53 - 16.20) 57.78 (55.62 - 59.92) 53.19 (50.99 - 55.37)
Colorado 62.13 (59.09 - 65.07) 18.96 (16.49 - 21.70) 71.26 (67.45 - 74.79) 65.97 (62.29 - 69.46)
Connecticut 60.94 (57.92 - 63.88) 18.31 (15.82 - 21.09) 69.40 (65.70 - 72.86) 65.10 (61.41 - 68.62)
Delaware 55.25 (51.97 - 58.47) 15.41 (13.22 - 17.89) 67.25 (63.48 - 70.81) 58.27 (54.25 - 62.17)
District of Columbia 60.53 (57.24 - 63.72) 15.42 (13.14 - 18.01) 72.43 (68.44 - 76.09) 62.29 (58.31 - 66.11)
Florida 52.64 (50.81 - 54.46) 16.13 (14.74 - 17.63) 58.33 (56.09 - 60.54) 55.93 (53.71 - 58.11)
Georgia 47.96 (44.69 - 51.24) 13.00 (10.95 - 15.36) 54.33 (50.27 - 58.33) 51.79 (47.78 - 55.77)
Hawaii 48.25 (44.76 - 51.76) 12.66 (10.56 - 15.10) 58.51 (54.19 - 62.70) 50.76 (46.55 - 54.95)
Idaho 42.42 (39.41 - 45.48) 12.18 (10.26 - 14.39) 51.23 (47.29 - 55.16) 45.23 (41.53 - 48.99)
Illinois 54.68 (52.96 - 56.38) 15.87 (14.57 - 17.26) 64.70 (62.47 - 66.86) 58.11 (55.96 - 60.22)
Indiana 49.29 (46.19 - 52.41) 15.67 (13.59 - 18.00) 58.22 (54.43 - 61.92) 52.28 (48.46 - 56.08)
Iowa 54.03 (50.90 - 57.13) 15.33 (13.28 - 17.64) 66.39 (62.48 - 70.09) 56.78 (52.92 - 60.55)
Kansas 51.17 (47.86 - 54.47) 15.44 (13.14 - 18.05) 65.97 (61.86 - 69.85) 53.25 (49.17 - 57.28)
Kentucky 40.29 (37.12 - 43.55) 13.77 (11.68 - 16.17) 53.42 (49.33 - 57.46) 41.52 (37.67 - 45.47)
Louisiana 47.83 (44.62 - 51.05) 15.40 (13.15 - 17.97) 60.20 (56.34 - 63.94) 49.93 (45.96 - 53.90)
Maine 52.47 (49.15 - 55.77) 16.26 (14.00 - 18.81) 63.83 (59.94 - 67.56) 55.02 (51.03 - 58.95)
Maryland 55.10 (51.75 - 58.40) 14.39 (12.32 - 16.74) 65.59 (61.82 - 69.16) 58.68 (54.58 - 62.67)
Massachusetts 61.06 (57.82 - 64.22) 18.11 (15.66 - 20.85) 71.00 (67.05 - 74.67) 64.49 (60.54 - 68.25)
Michigan 54.62 (52.90 - 56.33) 15.64 (14.32 - 17.07) 66.32 (64.29 - 68.30) 57.93 (55.78 - 60.05)
Minnesota 62.70 (59.43 - 65.85) 16.99 (14.60 - 19.69) 73.34 (69.56 - 76.80) 66.76 (62.79 - 70.50)
Mississippi 38.04 (34.93 - 41.25) 11.85 (10.05 - 13.91) 48.56 (44.55 - 52.58) 39.88 (36.04 - 43.85)
Missouri 50.32 (47.22 - 53.42) 14.90 (12.76 - 17.33) 62.25 (58.51 - 65.85) 52.93 (49.11 - 56.72)
Montana 57.92 (54.65 - 61.13) 18.74 (16.33 - 21.41) 67.80 (63.95 - 71.43) 61.16 (57.14 - 65.04)
Nebraska 55.79 (52.55 - 58.98) 16.26 (14.03 - 18.76) 66.78 (62.65 - 70.66) 58.98 (55.01 - 62.84)
Nevada 51.88 (48.36 - 55.39) 14.33 (12.12 - 16.86) 58.64 (54.38 - 62.77) 55.76 (51.49 - 59.95)
New Hampshire 63.10 (60.09 - 66.01) 18.32 (15.89 - 21.02) 74.72 (71.09 - 78.04) 66.96 (63.29 - 70.44)
New Jersey 53.98 (50.54 - 57.38) 15.09 (13.00 - 17.45) 63.49 (59.54 - 67.27) 57.45 (53.27 - 61.53)
New Mexico 45.87 (42.59 - 49.18) 15.27 (13.10 - 17.71) 58.27 (54.25 - 62.18) 47.76 (43.71 - 51.83)
New York 55.28 (53.47 - 57.09) 17.43 (16.01 - 18.96) 65.58 (63.31 - 67.77) 58.18 (55.93 - 60.41)
North Carolina 45.39 (42.01 - 48.81) 14.11 (12.12 - 16.37) 57.49 (53.52 - 61.36) 47.40 (43.29 - 51.55)
North Dakota 59.42 (56.30 - 62.47) 20.21 (17.71 - 22.96) 75.63 (72.03 - 78.90) 60.75 (56.79 - 64.57)
Ohio 51.23 (49.51 - 52.94) 16.25 (14.95 - 17.64) 64.48 (62.39 - 66.52) 53.61 (51.48 - 55.72)
Oklahoma 41.90 (38.74 - 45.12) 13.13 (11.00 - 15.60) 56.89 (52.50 - 61.17) 42.97 (39.13 - 46.90)
Oregon 59.03 (55.78 - 62.21) 16.57 (14.30 - 19.12) 65.17 (61.47 - 68.70) 63.13 (59.17 - 66.92)
Pennsylvania 53.91 (52.21 - 55.60) 15.10 (13.77 - 16.54) 65.60 (63.52 - 67.62) 56.78 (54.69 - 58.85)
Rhode Island 61.54 (58.34 - 64.64) 20.73 (18.00 - 23.75) 74.59 (70.73 - 78.11) 64.13 (60.21 - 67.87)
South Carolina 46.72 (43.69 - 49.77) 13.36 (11.35 - 15.66) 53.47 (49.33 - 57.55) 49.88 (46.22 - 53.53)
South Dakota 57.24 (54.12 - 60.30) 17.28 (14.98 - 19.85) 71.42 (67.67 - 74.89) 59.97 (56.10 - 63.72)
Tennessee 40.37 (37.20 - 43.61) 12.33 (10.35 - 14.64) 53.77 (49.90 - 57.58) 41.77 (37.96 - 45.68)
Texas 47.05 (45.37 - 48.73) 14.14 (12.89 - 15.49) 57.48 (55.28 - 59.65) 49.94 (47.84 - 52.04)
Utah 27.82 (24.97 - 30.85) 7.57 (5.91 - 9.65) 30.37 (26.22 - 34.86) 30.62 (26.93 - 34.58)
Vermont 60.69 (57.42 - 63.86) 20.31 (17.80 - 23.08) 73.95 (70.26 - 77.34) 63.32 (59.31 - 67.14)
Virginia 53.55 (50.37 - 56.71) 14.77 (12.70 - 17.12) 64.38 (60.19 - 68.35) 56.61 (52.73 - 60.41)
Washington 56.56 (53.39 - 59.68) 15.80 (13.56 - 18.34) 62.96 (59.19 - 66.58) 60.66 (56.80 - 64.39)
West Virginia 38.23 (35.20 - 41.34) 13.92 (11.87 - 16.26) 52.96 (48.96 - 56.92) 38.78 (35.16 - 42.52)
Wisconsin 60.45 (57.36 - 63.45) 18.71 (16.15 - 21.57) 71.34 (67.88 - 74.57) 63.91 (60.11 - 67.54)
Wyoming 53.21 (49.98 - 56.42) 17.86 (15.50 - 20.48) 64.44 (60.58 - 68.12) 55.76 (51.77 - 59.68)
91007
Table B.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 23.28   9.25   41.40   22.01  
Northeast 24.02 (23.22 - 24.84) 10.14 (9.49 - 10.82) 44.46 (43.21 - 45.71) 22.33 (21.35 - 23.35)
Midwest 25.92 (25.25 - 26.61) 10.09 (9.55 - 10.65) 46.59 (45.62 - 47.57) 24.44 (23.60 - 25.31)
South 22.05 (21.45 - 22.67) 8.57 (8.09 - 9.08) 38.07 (37.11 - 39.04) 21.11 (20.36 - 21.88)
West 22.11 (21.34 - 22.90) 8.84 (8.18 - 9.56) 39.24 (37.98 - 40.52) 20.84 (19.89 - 21.83)
Alabama 19.15 (17.06 - 21.43) 7.97 (6.52 - 9.70) 33.94 (30.39 - 37.68) 18.10 (15.64 - 20.84)
Alaska 24.18 (21.77 - 26.76) 8.56 (6.94 - 10.51) 41.96 (37.64 - 46.41) 23.27 (20.42 - 26.38)
Arizona 23.20 (20.70 - 25.90) 9.32 (7.56 - 11.43) 40.10 (35.98 - 44.38) 22.22 (19.25 - 25.49)
Arkansas 21.63 (19.41 - 24.04) 8.83 (7.25 - 10.72) 39.08 (35.33 - 42.97) 20.44 (17.83 - 23.32)
California 21.60 (20.39 - 22.86) 8.72 (7.70 - 9.87) 38.04 (36.06 - 40.06) 20.33 (18.81 - 21.93)
Colorado 26.74 (24.36 - 29.27) 10.73 (9.03 - 12.70) 49.79 (45.77 - 53.82) 24.88 (22.08 - 27.91)
Connecticut 26.05 (23.57 - 28.69) 13.49 (11.25 - 16.08) 47.07 (43.07 - 51.11) 24.36 (21.45 - 27.54)
Delaware 24.51 (21.95 - 27.25) 9.46 (7.39 - 12.04) 47.12 (43.10 - 51.18) 22.64 (19.62 - 25.97)
District of Columbia 29.92 (27.25 - 32.72) 7.76 (5.97 - 10.02) 49.06 (45.05 - 53.07) 27.83 (24.63 - 31.27)
Florida 22.87 (21.52 - 24.28) 9.59 (8.49 - 10.82) 38.32 (36.25 - 40.43) 22.10 (20.49 - 23.80)
Georgia 21.70 (19.35 - 24.26) 7.17 (5.81 - 8.81) 35.29 (31.53 - 39.24) 21.43 (18.64 - 24.52)
Hawaii 22.95 (20.38 - 25.74) 7.08 (5.52 - 9.05) 40.75 (36.51 - 45.14) 21.98 (18.97 - 25.31)
Idaho 18.81 (16.84 - 20.94) 8.00 (6.55 - 9.73) 35.90 (32.30 - 39.66) 17.33 (14.98 - 19.95)
Illinois 26.71 (25.29 - 28.18) 10.17 (9.11 - 11.34) 45.97 (43.93 - 48.01) 25.48 (23.70 - 27.35)
Indiana 23.03 (20.82 - 25.41) 9.87 (8.20 - 11.83) 40.29 (36.58 - 44.11) 21.87 (19.24 - 24.75)
Iowa 27.18 (24.76 - 29.74) 10.48 (8.71 - 12.57) 48.63 (44.69 - 52.59) 25.49 (22.59 - 28.62)
Kansas 24.89 (22.52 - 27.42) 9.34 (7.64 - 11.37) 47.87 (43.64 - 52.14) 22.67 (19.87 - 25.75)
Kentucky 19.85 (17.69 - 22.20) 8.88 (7.34 - 10.71) 36.66 (32.99 - 40.50) 18.57 (16.06 - 21.38)
Louisiana 23.79 (21.47 - 26.28) 8.66 (7.16 - 10.44) 39.07 (35.37 - 42.89) 22.92 (20.14 - 25.96)
Maine 21.65 (19.30 - 24.21) 9.55 (7.83 - 11.60) 43.09 (39.25 - 47.02) 20.04 (17.31 - 23.08)
Maryland 22.14 (19.98 - 24.48) 8.99 (7.43 - 10.83) 40.57 (37.00 - 44.25) 20.79 (18.23 - 23.62)
Massachusetts 25.71 (23.20 - 28.38) 10.71 (8.92 - 12.81) 48.87 (44.68 - 53.06) 23.49 (20.58 - 26.67)
Michigan 24.40 (23.08 - 25.77) 8.92 (7.91 - 10.04) 44.19 (42.24 - 46.15) 23.15 (21.52 - 24.87)
Minnesota 30.05 (27.39 - 32.85) 10.49 (8.74 - 12.53) 54.00 (49.91 - 58.03) 28.43 (25.24 - 31.84)
Mississippi 19.87 (17.77 - 22.15) 6.92 (5.60 - 8.53) 32.32 (28.83 - 36.01) 19.44 (16.93 - 22.22)
Missouri 23.79 (21.56 - 26.18) 9.47 (7.82 - 11.43) 43.37 (39.45 - 47.37) 22.40 (19.79 - 25.26)
Montana 26.76 (24.31 - 29.36) 11.55 (9.68 - 13.73) 50.58 (46.57 - 54.58) 24.63 (21.75 - 27.76)
Nebraska 25.32 (22.86 - 27.96) 9.57 (7.86 - 11.61) 44.53 (40.41 - 48.74) 23.80 (20.88 - 26.98)
Nevada 24.18 (21.65 - 26.90) 9.18 (7.43 - 11.29) 39.52 (35.39 - 43.81) 23.87 (20.89 - 27.13)
New Hampshire 25.93 (23.54 - 28.48) 12.51 (10.49 - 14.86) 53.10 (48.85 - 57.32) 23.49 (20.71 - 26.51)
New Jersey 22.77 (20.37 - 25.36) 9.84 (8.04 - 11.98) 41.02 (37.32 - 44.82) 21.63 (18.79 - 24.78)
New Mexico 21.91 (19.58 - 24.44) 9.50 (7.82 - 11.50) 39.15 (35.15 - 43.31) 20.43 (17.67 - 23.49)
New York 23.25 (21.89 - 24.66) 9.79 (8.74 - 10.95) 43.05 (40.86 - 45.27) 21.41 (19.76 - 23.16)
North Carolina 21.42 (19.18 - 23.84) 8.15 (6.76 - 9.80) 37.52 (33.79 - 41.40) 20.51 (17.88 - 23.41)
North Dakota 32.58 (30.05 - 35.20) 12.27 (10.19 - 14.71) 59.51 (55.50 - 63.39) 29.05 (25.98 - 32.31)
Ohio 25.54 (24.22 - 26.91) 10.65 (9.60 - 11.81) 46.75 (44.84 - 48.67) 23.98 (22.36 - 25.68)
Oklahoma 21.58 (19.19 - 24.17) 8.31 (6.68 - 10.30) 39.23 (35.12 - 43.50) 20.10 (17.33 - 23.20)
Oregon 23.40 (21.06 - 25.92) 9.06 (7.54 - 10.86) 44.36 (40.60 - 48.19) 21.88 (19.14 - 24.88)
Pennsylvania 24.32 (22.98 - 25.71) 9.15 (8.15 - 10.26) 43.99 (41.99 - 46.02) 22.97 (21.33 - 24.70)
Rhode Island 27.71 (25.10 - 30.48) 11.77 (9.79 - 14.10) 52.04 (47.92 - 56.13) 25.15 (22.07 - 28.50)
South Carolina 21.51 (19.29 - 23.91) 6.96 (5.65 - 8.54) 34.63 (30.99 - 38.46) 21.22 (18.59 - 24.12)
South Dakota 28.47 (26.00 - 31.09) 10.47 (8.65 - 12.62) 53.16 (49.18 - 57.09) 26.36 (23.40 - 29.56)
Tennessee 18.73 (16.75 - 20.90) 7.84 (6.45 - 9.51) 34.21 (30.73 - 37.87) 17.71 (15.39 - 20.30)
Texas 23.21 (21.94 - 24.54) 8.94 (7.93 - 10.07) 38.95 (36.91 - 41.03) 22.34 (20.75 - 24.02)
Utah 15.13 (13.24 - 17.25) 5.96 (4.61 - 7.68) 23.79 (20.32 - 27.64) 14.48 (12.18 - 17.13)
Vermont 25.32 (22.94 - 27.85) 12.70 (10.59 - 15.17) 53.34 (49.39 - 57.25) 22.25 (19.46 - 25.31)
Virginia 23.66 (21.35 - 26.14) 9.32 (7.71 - 11.23) 43.57 (39.57 - 47.65) 22.11 (19.41 - 25.07)
Washington 21.10 (18.92 - 23.47) 8.56 (7.05 - 10.36) 41.38 (37.72 - 45.13) 19.43 (16.86 - 22.29)
West Virginia 19.26 (17.17 - 21.55) 8.90 (7.26 - 10.88) 37.72 (33.95 - 41.65) 17.73 (15.32 - 20.44)
Wisconsin 28.17 (25.61 - 30.87) 11.51 (9.64 - 13.70) 51.36 (47.66 - 55.04) 26.35 (23.29 - 29.67)
Wyoming 24.68 (22.32 - 27.19) 11.79 (9.31 - 14.82) 44.99 (41.18 - 48.86) 22.72 (19.91 - 25.79)
91007
Table B.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 41.94   39.98   33.21   43.70  
Northeast 40.39 (39.40 - 41.40) 39.21 (38.09 - 40.33) 30.69 (29.50 - 31.89) 42.16 (40.93 - 43.40)
Midwest 38.57 (37.82 - 39.32) 37.26 (36.36 - 38.17) 28.34 (27.48 - 29.20) 40.51 (39.57 - 41.46)
South 44.09 (43.33 - 44.85) 41.85 (40.93 - 42.78) 36.27 (35.37 - 37.17) 45.70 (44.75 - 46.66)
West 43.01 (41.97 - 44.05) 40.23 (38.96 - 41.51) 35.07 (33.81 - 36.35) 44.82 (43.52 - 46.14)
Alabama 45.88 (42.81 - 48.98) 43.54 (39.99 - 47.15) 36.74 (33.36 - 40.26) 47.73 (43.96 - 51.52)
Alaska 38.87 (35.77 - 42.07) 41.71 (38.11 - 45.40) 28.25 (24.65 - 32.16) 40.43 (36.57 - 44.42)
Arizona 42.38 (39.38 - 45.43) 37.24 (33.62 - 41.01) 36.46 (32.61 - 40.49) 44.07 (40.46 - 47.75)
Arkansas 41.32 (38.32 - 44.37) 39.19 (35.79 - 42.69) 34.44 (30.92 - 38.14) 42.71 (39.11 - 46.40)
California 43.79 (42.14 - 45.45) 41.68 (39.67 - 43.71) 36.54 (34.54 - 38.58) 45.47 (43.37 - 47.59)
Colorado 38.35 (35.45 - 41.33) 36.60 (33.29 - 40.04) 26.10 (22.89 - 29.59) 40.61 (37.11 - 44.20)
Connecticut 39.75 (36.92 - 42.64) 37.09 (33.67 - 40.65) 30.32 (26.92 - 33.95) 41.57 (38.15 - 45.08)
Delaware 41.71 (38.64 - 44.85) 41.99 (38.30 - 45.77) 32.52 (28.80 - 36.48) 43.21 (39.45 - 47.04)
District of Columbia 41.46 (38.38 - 44.60) 45.00 (41.39 - 48.66) 31.85 (28.12 - 35.82) 43.25 (39.41 - 47.17)
Florida 44.03 (42.34 - 45.74) 40.97 (38.91 - 43.06) 37.12 (35.13 - 39.16) 45.39 (43.33 - 47.46)
Georgia 45.05 (41.94 - 48.21) 45.49 (41.76 - 49.28) 36.49 (32.84 - 40.29) 46.45 (42.65 - 50.29)
Hawaii 41.51 (38.14 - 44.95) 40.88 (37.08 - 44.79) 31.95 (28.29 - 35.84) 43.09 (39.02 - 47.25)
Idaho 42.57 (39.74 - 45.45) 36.94 (33.64 - 40.37) 33.53 (30.19 - 37.04) 44.99 (41.50 - 48.53)
Illinois 40.53 (38.90 - 42.18) 39.08 (37.20 - 41.00) 31.59 (29.71 - 33.53) 42.33 (40.31 - 44.38)
Indiana 39.70 (36.92 - 42.55) 37.86 (34.63 - 41.20) 29.18 (26.10 - 32.46) 41.73 (38.31 - 45.22)
Iowa 36.96 (34.31 - 39.68) 38.96 (35.61 - 42.41) 24.04 (21.12 - 27.23) 39.00 (35.77 - 42.33)
Kansas 37.45 (34.46 - 40.54) 35.12 (31.53 - 38.89) 24.15 (20.85 - 27.80) 40.27 (36.61 - 44.04)
Kentucky 41.96 (38.93 - 45.05) 43.39 (39.88 - 46.97) 32.66 (29.22 - 36.30) 43.24 (39.58 - 46.98)
Louisiana 45.40 (42.34 - 48.49) 44.28 (40.57 - 48.06) 39.10 (35.57 - 42.75) 46.78 (43.03 - 50.57)
Maine 38.07 (34.96 - 41.28) 35.84 (32.42 - 39.41) 25.05 (21.96 - 28.41) 40.14 (36.45 - 43.94)
Maryland 42.31 (39.37 - 45.30) 41.95 (38.49 - 45.49) 35.51 (32.01 - 39.17) 43.49 (39.91 - 47.14)
Massachusetts 35.32 (32.38 - 38.37) 33.30 (29.99 - 36.77) 24.99 (21.82 - 28.46) 37.35 (33.78 - 41.06)
Michigan 39.10 (37.46 - 40.76) 36.75 (34.91 - 38.63) 30.30 (28.56 - 32.10) 40.91 (38.85 - 43.00)
Minnesota 36.52 (33.71 - 39.43) 36.39 (33.20 - 39.71) 27.88 (24.60 - 31.41) 38.04 (34.63 - 41.58)
Mississippi 48.11 (45.10 - 51.13) 47.15 (43.52 - 50.81) 42.39 (38.74 - 46.12) 49.30 (45.58 - 53.04)
Missouri 39.25 (36.49 - 42.09) 36.70 (33.32 - 40.23) 27.03 (23.95 - 30.34) 41.61 (38.24 - 45.06)
Montana 39.69 (36.89 - 42.57) 34.70 (31.46 - 38.09) 28.66 (25.40 - 32.15) 42.19 (38.75 - 45.70)
Nebraska 36.29 (33.34 - 39.34) 35.73 (32.15 - 39.49) 26.19 (22.79 - 29.90) 38.27 (34.73 - 41.95)
Nevada 46.07 (42.88 - 49.30) 41.04 (37.35 - 44.82) 38.16 (34.14 - 42.35) 47.89 (44.02 - 51.79)
New Hampshire 32.88 (30.19 - 35.68) 31.78 (28.57 - 35.18) 20.00 (17.19 - 23.16) 34.97 (31.72 - 38.38)
New Jersey 43.17 (40.08 - 46.31) 38.89 (35.54 - 42.34) 33.25 (29.89 - 36.79) 45.22 (41.46 - 49.04)
New Mexico 47.67 (44.55 - 50.81) 39.45 (35.98 - 43.02) 38.24 (34.46 - 42.15) 50.53 (46.70 - 54.36)
New York 42.24 (40.48 - 44.03) 40.96 (38.92 - 43.03) 32.34 (30.29 - 34.46) 44.16 (41.97 - 46.38)
North Carolina 44.43 (41.49 - 47.41) 41.17 (37.82 - 44.60) 36.00 (32.51 - 39.64) 46.19 (42.61 - 49.82)
North Dakota 36.37 (33.58 - 39.25) 35.36 (32.05 - 38.83) 24.80 (21.64 - 28.25) 39.14 (35.60 - 42.79)
Ohio 38.95 (37.36 - 40.57) 37.04 (35.18 - 38.93) 27.74 (26.04 - 29.51) 41.05 (39.05 - 43.08)
Oklahoma 44.01 (40.79 - 47.29) 39.73 (35.83 - 43.76) 33.79 (30.05 - 37.74) 46.46 (42.53 - 50.43)
Oregon 38.63 (35.64 - 41.71) 33.91 (30.59 - 37.39) 28.55 (25.47 - 31.84) 40.75 (37.16 - 44.43)
Pennsylvania 39.84 (38.21 - 41.48) 41.66 (39.69 - 43.65) 31.69 (29.94 - 33.49) 40.95 (38.93 - 43.00)
Rhode Island 38.60 (35.58 - 41.72) 40.10 (36.52 - 43.80) 29.66 (26.07 - 33.53) 40.08 (36.44 - 43.84)
South Carolina 44.26 (41.34 - 47.23) 41.79 (38.18 - 45.48) 35.92 (32.50 - 39.49) 45.94 (42.41 - 49.51)
South Dakota 35.17 (32.38 - 38.07) 33.44 (30.06 - 37.00) 23.07 (20.07 - 26.37) 37.61 (34.19 - 41.16)
Tennessee 45.43 (42.33 - 48.56) 41.51 (37.97 - 45.15) 35.92 (32.44 - 39.55) 47.36 (43.67 - 51.09)
Texas 44.26 (42.64 - 45.90) 40.83 (38.95 - 42.74) 37.13 (35.23 - 39.07) 46.12 (44.05 - 48.21)
Utah 51.25 (48.17 - 54.31) 50.12 (46.23 - 54.01) 45.10 (40.70 - 49.57) 53.03 (49.04 - 56.97)
Vermont 36.59 (33.63 - 39.66) 34.04 (30.72 - 37.53) 21.20 (18.38 - 24.33) 39.40 (35.77 - 43.15)
Virginia 42.42 (39.42 - 45.47) 40.03 (36.55 - 43.62) 33.33 (29.77 - 37.08) 44.25 (40.64 - 47.92)
Washington 41.09 (38.14 - 44.09) 37.56 (34.02 - 41.24) 30.72 (27.47 - 34.18) 43.19 (39.62 - 46.82)
West Virginia 41.08 (38.19 - 44.04) 40.27 (36.87 - 43.76) 33.67 (30.05 - 37.50) 42.24 (38.81 - 45.74)
Wisconsin 35.15 (32.29 - 38.12) 36.50 (33.02 - 40.13) 25.81 (22.99 - 28.84) 36.56 (33.03 - 40.23)
Wyoming 40.27 (37.29 - 43.32) 37.19 (33.81 - 40.70) 27.49 (23.87 - 31.44) 42.94 (39.22 - 46.74)
91007
Table B.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Prediction Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Prediction Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 27.16   18.03  
Northeast 30.54 (29.65 - 31.44) 20.30 (19.51 - 21.12)
Midwest 28.49 (27.80 - 29.19) 19.78 (19.12 - 20.45)
South 25.27 (24.60 - 25.94) 16.32 (15.73 - 16.93)
West 26.27 (25.35 - 27.21) 17.31 (16.48 - 18.17)
Alabama 22.74 (20.45 - 25.21) 14.31 (12.39 - 16.46)
Alaska 26.24 (23.44 - 29.25) 18.30 (15.96 - 20.89)
Arizona 27.36 (24.45 - 30.48) 16.83 (14.62 - 19.31)
Arkansas 24.05 (21.53 - 26.76) 15.34 (13.39 - 17.51)
California 25.60 (24.17 - 27.09) 16.91 (15.69 - 18.20)
Colorado 31.98 (29.21 - 34.88) 20.73 (18.42 - 23.24)
Connecticut 32.37 (29.66 - 35.21) 24.29 (21.80 - 26.96)
Delaware 30.29 (27.65 - 33.06) 21.30 (18.90 - 23.92)
District of Columbia 35.02 (31.63 - 38.56) 22.77 (19.65 - 26.21)
Florida 27.55 (26.08 - 29.07) 17.52 (16.19 - 18.92)
Georgia 23.56 (21.19 - 26.12) 14.44 (12.61 - 16.49)
Hawaii 22.67 (20.02 - 25.55) 15.56 (13.39 - 18.01)
Idaho 20.83 (18.48 - 23.40) 14.26 (12.32 - 16.45)
Illinois 27.98 (26.54 - 29.47) 19.77 (18.48 - 21.12)
Indiana 25.47 (23.06 - 28.05) 17.41 (15.33 - 19.71)
Iowa 27.90 (25.44 - 30.51) 20.41 (18.12 - 22.91)
Kansas 26.85 (24.23 - 29.64) 18.46 (16.12 - 21.05)
Kentucky 24.59 (22.03 - 27.35) 16.57 (14.45 - 18.92)
Louisiana 28.96 (26.28 - 31.80) 17.26 (15.14 - 19.61)
Maine 28.35 (25.85 - 30.98) 19.10 (16.94 - 21.46)
Maryland 28.10 (25.59 - 30.76) 17.87 (15.88 - 20.05)
Massachusetts 33.32 (30.50 - 36.26) 23.12 (20.64 - 25.80)
Michigan 28.73 (27.39 - 30.11) 18.38 (17.17 - 19.65)
Minnesota 29.62 (26.95 - 32.44) 21.76 (19.47 - 24.24)
Mississippi 21.34 (18.98 - 23.92) 14.14 (12.30 - 16.21)
Missouri 27.00 (24.48 - 29.67) 18.39 (16.23 - 20.76)
Montana 32.62 (29.94 - 35.42) 22.82 (20.41 - 25.44)
Nebraska 28.33 (25.55 - 31.28) 18.61 (16.26 - 21.20)
Nevada 23.73 (21.16 - 26.51) 16.70 (14.44 - 19.24)
New Hampshire 34.23 (31.56 - 37.02) 25.08 (22.68 - 27.65)
New Jersey 26.33 (23.79 - 29.03) 17.63 (15.51 - 19.96)
New Mexico 26.60 (23.81 - 29.58) 17.33 (15.22 - 19.67)
New York 31.52 (29.97 - 33.11) 20.12 (18.76 - 21.55)
North Carolina 24.13 (21.63 - 26.81) 14.87 (12.95 - 17.02)
North Dakota 37.98 (34.99 - 41.07) 27.97 (25.27 - 30.83)
Ohio 29.06 (27.72 - 30.43) 20.83 (19.54 - 22.19)
Oklahoma 24.51 (21.68 - 27.58) 16.69 (14.39 - 19.27)
Oregon 31.13 (28.61 - 33.77) 20.49 (18.33 - 22.83)
Pennsylvania 28.69 (27.32 - 30.11) 18.67 (17.40 - 20.01)
Rhode Island 37.70 (34.75 - 40.75) 25.24 (22.61 - 28.06)
South Carolina 22.97 (20.57 - 25.56) 13.70 (11.82 - 15.82)
South Dakota 31.30 (28.63 - 34.09) 22.66 (20.25 - 25.26)
Tennessee 21.30 (18.98 - 23.83) 14.62 (12.70 - 16.77)
Texas 25.54 (24.15 - 26.98) 16.99 (15.78 - 18.27)
Utah 13.64 (11.30 - 16.38) 11.69 (9.60 - 14.17)
Vermont 38.32 (35.55 - 41.17) 27.25 (24.72 - 29.93)
Virginia 26.16 (23.54 - 28.95) 17.89 (15.72 - 20.28)
Washington 29.83 (27.35 - 32.44) 18.51 (16.35 - 20.89)
West Virginia 23.91 (21.40 - 26.62) 16.32 (14.24 - 18.63)
Wisconsin 31.78 (29.12 - 34.57) 22.00 (19.64 - 24.56)
Wyoming 30.60 (27.67 - 33.69) 22.60 (20.04 - 25.38)
91007
Table B.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 28.49   11.91   41.61   28.42  
Northeast 26.27 (25.38 - 27.18) 11.18 (10.51 - 11.89) 40.40 (39.21 - 41.60) 25.78 (24.68 - 26.92)
Midwest 31.23 (30.49 - 31.99) 13.79 (13.17 - 14.43) 46.95 (45.99 - 47.91) 30.82 (29.88 - 31.77)
South 30.23 (29.49 - 30.99) 12.27 (11.69 - 12.89) 42.27 (41.33 - 43.22) 30.55 (29.61 - 31.51)
West 24.92 (24.00 - 25.86) 10.16 (9.46 - 10.92) 36.60 (35.32 - 37.91) 24.84 (23.69 - 26.03)
Alabama 32.67 (30.01 - 35.45) 14.67 (12.50 - 17.16) 47.45 (43.76 - 51.17) 32.50 (29.30 - 35.88)
Alaska 29.60 (26.91 - 32.45) 13.56 (11.40 - 16.04) 44.74 (40.53 - 49.04) 29.26 (26.02 - 32.73)
Arizona 27.86 (25.21 - 30.66) 11.07 (9.22 - 13.25) 41.26 (37.10 - 45.54) 27.86 (24.78 - 31.16)
Arkansas 35.88 (33.08 - 38.78) 14.87 (12.77 - 17.25) 48.56 (44.69 - 52.46) 36.52 (33.16 - 40.02)
California 22.51 (21.11 - 23.97) 8.36 (7.34 - 9.52) 33.03 (31.12 - 35.01) 22.54 (20.78 - 24.40)
Colorado 30.10 (27.48 - 32.85) 14.07 (11.92 - 16.52) 48.19 (44.29 - 52.11) 29.07 (25.98 - 32.38)
Connecticut 26.45 (24.06 - 29.00) 11.47 (9.53 - 13.73) 42.95 (39.20 - 46.77) 25.79 (22.94 - 28.86)
Delaware 30.29 (27.48 - 33.25) 12.39 (10.44 - 14.64) 43.92 (40.15 - 47.77) 30.27 (26.91 - 33.86)
District of Columbia 29.48 (26.85 - 32.26) 9.40 (7.75 - 11.36) 37.41 (33.65 - 41.32) 29.68 (26.49 - 33.08)
Florida 28.56 (27.04 - 30.13) 11.40 (10.23 - 12.68) 40.34 (38.33 - 42.38) 28.76 (26.90 - 30.69)
Georgia 31.39 (28.60 - 34.32) 13.37 (11.16 - 15.94) 42.28 (38.52 - 46.14) 32.07 (28.74 - 35.59)
Hawaii 24.15 (21.55 - 26.96) 10.04 (8.13 - 12.33) 38.82 (34.87 - 42.93) 23.47 (20.41 - 26.84)
Idaho 25.30 (23.08 - 27.67) 10.75 (9.02 - 12.78) 37.84 (34.23 - 41.60) 25.18 (22.52 - 28.05)
Illinois 29.69 (28.19 - 31.23) 12.92 (11.73 - 14.21) 44.25 (42.26 - 46.27) 29.34 (27.46 - 31.29)
Indiana 32.91 (30.35 - 35.58) 15.11 (12.93 - 17.58) 47.51 (43.92 - 51.12) 32.82 (29.74 - 36.06)
Iowa 28.79 (26.37 - 31.33) 12.58 (10.67 - 14.76) 41.50 (37.86 - 45.23) 28.60 (25.71 - 31.67)
Kansas 30.47 (27.88 - 33.20) 13.23 (11.17 - 15.60) 49.31 (45.12 - 53.51) 29.28 (26.16 - 32.60)
Kentucky 38.47 (35.66 - 41.35) 18.01 (15.54 - 20.77) 54.37 (50.67 - 58.02) 38.51 (35.14 - 41.99)
Louisiana 30.73 (28.16 - 33.43) 11.57 (9.76 - 13.66) 41.51 (37.82 - 45.29) 31.30 (28.16 - 34.62)
Maine 29.85 (27.17 - 32.67) 12.70 (10.66 - 15.07) 46.30 (42.54 - 50.10) 29.50 (26.35 - 32.86)
Maryland 25.30 (22.83 - 27.94) 9.37 (7.75 - 11.29) 36.79 (33.20 - 40.54) 25.47 (22.54 - 28.65)
Massachusetts 24.37 (21.92 - 27.00) 10.74 (8.94 - 12.85) 39.11 (35.35 - 43.01) 23.45 (20.55 - 26.62)
Michigan 30.24 (28.77 - 31.76) 13.07 (11.85 - 14.40) 45.72 (43.82 - 47.62) 29.95 (28.10 - 31.87)
Minnesota 29.85 (27.36 - 32.46) 13.76 (11.78 - 16.02) 49.23 (45.38 - 53.08) 28.57 (25.59 - 31.75)
Mississippi 31.18 (28.61 - 33.87) 11.18 (9.39 - 13.26) 41.90 (38.33 - 45.55) 32.09 (28.96 - 35.39)
Missouri 32.56 (30.06 - 35.16) 13.90 (11.77 - 16.34) 47.06 (43.35 - 50.80) 32.57 (29.58 - 35.71)
Montana 30.30 (27.91 - 32.79) 15.46 (13.28 - 17.94) 48.81 (44.98 - 52.65) 29.03 (26.19 - 32.03)
Nebraska 29.12 (26.54 - 31.83) 13.35 (11.27 - 15.74) 43.80 (39.73 - 47.94) 28.45 (25.42 - 31.70)
Nevada 29.75 (26.84 - 32.83) 11.75 (9.69 - 14.18) 40.22 (36.33 - 44.24) 30.54 (27.06 - 34.26)
New Hampshire 26.80 (24.42 - 29.32) 12.34 (10.43 - 14.53) 42.80 (38.78 - 46.91) 26.18 (23.41 - 29.15)
New Jersey 25.65 (22.90 - 28.60) 9.67 (7.95 - 11.72) 37.10 (33.40 - 40.97) 25.92 (22.65 - 29.49)
New Mexico 26.82 (24.38 - 29.41) 13.08 (11.05 - 15.43) 43.90 (40.09 - 47.78) 25.56 (22.65 - 28.70)
New York 24.39 (22.95 - 25.90) 10.41 (9.29 - 11.65) 38.35 (36.30 - 40.43) 23.66 (21.88 - 25.54)
North Carolina 31.58 (28.78 - 34.53) 13.56 (11.59 - 15.81) 43.99 (40.06 - 47.99) 31.87 (28.55 - 35.38)
North Dakota 30.15 (27.66 - 32.77) 14.64 (12.54 - 17.02) 49.55 (45.72 - 53.39) 27.73 (24.74 - 30.94)
Ohio 33.88 (32.41 - 35.37) 14.76 (13.52 - 16.10) 51.04 (49.11 - 52.96) 33.54 (31.71 - 35.42)
Oklahoma 33.19 (30.34 - 36.17) 14.51 (12.19 - 17.19) 46.63 (42.45 - 50.86) 33.21 (29.81 - 36.79)
Oregon 29.90 (27.20 - 32.74) 14.38 (12.24 - 16.82) 42.37 (39.02 - 45.79) 29.81 (26.62 - 33.22)
Pennsylvania 29.78 (28.38 - 31.22) 13.03 (11.84 - 14.32) 44.29 (42.36 - 46.23) 29.47 (27.75 - 31.25)
Rhode Island 28.83 (26.24 - 31.56) 12.58 (10.60 - 14.87) 46.48 (42.43 - 50.59) 27.54 (24.49 - 30.82)
South Carolina 31.60 (29.04 - 34.27) 12.06 (10.25 - 14.14) 44.59 (40.94 - 48.31) 31.97 (28.92 - 35.17)
South Dakota 30.31 (27.86 - 32.87) 14.66 (12.49 - 17.14) 50.00 (46.12 - 53.88) 28.79 (25.88 - 31.89)
Tennessee 33.70 (31.19 - 36.31) 13.81 (11.74 - 16.18) 45.78 (42.18 - 49.42) 34.30 (31.32 - 37.41)
Texas 27.75 (26.28 - 29.28) 10.50 (9.42 - 11.69) 38.85 (36.80 - 40.95) 28.21 (26.37 - 30.12)
Utah 17.90 (15.74 - 20.27) 7.45 (5.87 - 9.41) 24.03 (20.50 - 27.95) 18.13 (15.41 - 21.20)
Vermont 28.91 (26.20 - 31.78) 14.68 (12.48 - 17.19) 46.48 (42.71 - 50.28) 27.73 (24.55 - 31.16)
Virginia 27.09 (24.55 - 29.79) 11.75 (9.88 - 13.93) 40.38 (36.66 - 44.21) 26.78 (23.78 - 30.01)
Washington 26.92 (24.46 - 29.53) 12.61 (10.65 - 14.88) 40.67 (36.99 - 44.46) 26.51 (23.62 - 29.62)
West Virginia 36.73 (33.86 - 39.70) 16.65 (14.33 - 19.26) 53.43 (49.59 - 57.22) 36.52 (33.12 - 40.07)
Wisconsin 31.71 (29.01 - 34.54) 14.37 (12.22 - 16.82) 46.55 (43.00 - 50.14) 31.39 (28.21 - 34.77)
Wyoming 35.16 (32.29 - 38.16) 19.37 (16.83 - 22.18) 51.38 (47.71 - 55.03) 34.31 (30.80 - 38.01)
91007
Table B.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 24.08   9.46   35.93   23.97  
Northeast 22.36 (21.50 - 23.24) 8.78 (8.20 - 9.40) 34.65 (33.44 - 35.88) 21.99 (20.90 - 23.11)
Midwest 26.26 (25.55 - 26.98) 10.95 (10.41 - 11.52) 40.74 (39.70 - 41.78) 25.78 (24.86 - 26.71)
South 25.46 (24.78 - 26.15) 9.95 (9.44 - 10.49) 36.59 (35.59 - 37.60) 25.60 (24.73 - 26.50)
West 21.22 (20.35 - 22.13) 7.83 (7.24 - 8.47) 31.46 (30.18 - 32.77) 21.22 (20.10 - 22.39)
Alabama 27.18 (24.75 - 29.76) 11.31 (9.53 - 13.36) 38.47 (34.91 - 42.15) 27.33 (24.40 - 30.48)
Alaska 24.18 (21.75 - 26.79) 9.13 (7.55 - 10.99) 38.72 (34.68 - 42.92) 23.80 (20.89 - 26.97)
Arizona 23.94 (21.51 - 26.56) 9.34 (7.73 - 11.23) 34.63 (30.68 - 38.80) 24.11 (21.25 - 27.23)
Arkansas 31.10 (28.49 - 33.83) 13.12 (11.15 - 15.37) 43.74 (39.92 - 47.64) 31.36 (28.22 - 34.68)
California 19.35 (18.06 - 20.72) 6.63 (5.77 - 7.60) 28.54 (26.65 - 30.51) 19.44 (17.79 - 21.19)
Colorado 25.14 (22.72 - 27.73) 9.89 (8.22 - 11.85) 42.12 (38.09 - 46.26) 24.20 (21.38 - 27.27)
Connecticut 21.86 (19.63 - 24.26) 8.86 (7.33 - 10.67) 36.95 (33.28 - 40.78) 21.15 (18.53 - 24.04)
Delaware 26.35 (23.82 - 29.04) 9.65 (8.07 - 11.52) 40.09 (36.33 - 43.97) 26.17 (23.14 - 29.44)
District of Columbia 27.01 (24.32 - 29.88) 6.92 (5.63 - 8.47) 34.35 (30.55 - 38.37) 27.34 (24.17 - 30.75)
Florida 24.03 (22.61 - 25.52) 9.13 (8.13 - 10.23) 34.63 (32.57 - 36.74) 24.15 (22.42 - 25.97)
Georgia 26.00 (23.62 - 28.53) 9.81 (8.18 - 11.73) 36.79 (33.11 - 40.63) 26.44 (23.57 - 29.51)
Hawaii 21.62 (19.14 - 24.32) 6.88 (5.43 - 8.68) 35.74 (31.68 - 40.01) 21.09 (18.18 - 24.32)
Idaho 21.66 (19.53 - 23.95) 8.81 (7.39 - 10.49) 33.15 (29.64 - 36.85) 21.48 (18.91 - 24.29)
Illinois 25.23 (23.84 - 26.66) 10.18 (9.14 - 11.32) 39.02 (37.01 - 41.07) 24.78 (23.05 - 26.60)
Indiana 27.56 (25.07 - 30.20) 11.97 (10.12 - 14.10) 42.25 (38.58 - 46.02) 27.16 (24.17 - 30.37)
Iowa 23.72 (21.49 - 26.11) 10.27 (8.66 - 12.13) 34.68 (31.14 - 38.40) 23.49 (20.82 - 26.39)
Kansas 25.29 (22.86 - 27.88) 11.01 (9.21 - 13.11) 42.17 (38.09 - 46.35) 24.06 (21.20 - 27.17)
Kentucky 32.19 (29.51 - 34.99) 14.47 (12.27 - 16.99) 47.11 (43.21 - 51.05) 32.04 (28.85 - 35.40)
Louisiana 26.51 (24.07 - 29.11) 9.48 (7.87 - 11.37) 35.56 (31.97 - 39.31) 27.12 (24.19 - 30.27)
Maine 26.35 (23.79 - 29.09) 10.91 (9.20 - 12.90) 42.77 (39.09 - 46.54) 25.81 (22.81 - 29.06)
Maryland 21.47 (19.27 - 23.85) 7.82 (6.47 - 9.41) 31.76 (28.36 - 35.36) 21.54 (18.91 - 24.44)
Massachusetts 19.91 (17.73 - 22.30) 7.81 (6.38 - 9.53) 31.38 (27.75 - 35.25) 19.37 (16.80 - 22.23)
Michigan 25.47 (24.10 - 26.90) 10.34 (9.28 - 11.51) 39.70 (37.77 - 41.66) 25.11 (23.40 - 26.91)
Minnesota 25.18 (22.85 - 27.66) 11.10 (9.39 - 13.08) 43.11 (39.13 - 47.18) 23.89 (21.15 - 26.87)
Mississippi 25.29 (22.87 - 27.88) 9.08 (7.53 - 10.90) 35.45 (31.98 - 39.07) 25.76 (22.83 - 28.92)
Missouri 27.23 (24.84 - 29.75) 11.30 (9.44 - 13.48) 39.85 (36.20 - 43.62) 27.20 (24.35 - 30.24)
Montana 23.30 (21.03 - 25.75) 10.84 (9.12 - 12.85) 38.25 (34.57 - 42.07) 22.34 (19.67 - 25.26)
Nebraska 24.67 (22.25 - 27.26) 10.46 (8.74 - 12.46) 37.54 (33.64 - 41.60) 24.14 (21.24 - 27.29)
Nevada 26.63 (23.82 - 29.65) 9.95 (8.21 - 12.01) 35.01 (31.06 - 39.18) 27.56 (24.17 - 31.22)
New Hampshire 22.34 (20.21 - 24.63) 9.38 (7.81 - 11.23) 36.67 (33.01 - 40.49) 21.79 (19.27 - 24.54)
New Jersey 22.35 (19.83 - 25.08) 7.29 (5.97 - 8.86) 33.48 (29.94 - 37.21) 22.55 (19.55 - 25.87)
New Mexico 22.65 (20.29 - 25.19) 10.53 (8.78 - 12.58) 38.22 (34.28 - 42.32) 21.44 (18.65 - 24.52)
New York 21.27 (19.90 - 22.72) 8.30 (7.33 - 9.38) 33.33 (31.27 - 35.46) 20.75 (19.06 - 22.55)
North Carolina 26.57 (24.11 - 29.18) 10.94 (9.24 - 12.91) 38.89 (34.97 - 42.95) 26.56 (23.68 - 29.66)
North Dakota 25.08 (22.81 - 27.49) 11.49 (9.70 - 13.56) 40.36 (36.71 - 44.13) 23.36 (20.58 - 26.38)
Ohio 28.14 (26.72 - 29.60) 11.35 (10.27 - 12.53) 43.24 (41.20 - 45.30) 27.84 (26.06 - 29.68)
Oklahoma 27.34 (24.68 - 30.17) 12.11 (10.13 - 14.42) 40.39 (36.30 - 44.61) 26.98 (23.83 - 30.38)
Oregon 24.38 (21.97 - 26.97) 9.46 (7.85 - 11.36) 34.43 (31.05 - 37.97) 24.60 (21.73 - 27.71)
Pennsylvania 24.83 (23.48 - 26.23) 10.61 (9.58 - 11.75) 37.13 (35.19 - 39.12) 24.57 (22.89 - 26.33)
Rhode Island 24.69 (22.34 - 27.20) 9.81 (8.23 - 11.66) 39.72 (35.80 - 43.78) 23.73 (20.95 - 26.76)
South Carolina 27.26 (24.91 - 29.76) 10.03 (8.44 - 11.87) 39.32 (35.53 - 43.25) 27.49 (24.68 - 30.50)
South Dakota 24.55 (22.36 - 26.88) 11.61 (9.79 - 13.73) 40.49 (36.62 - 44.49) 23.36 (20.77 - 26.17)
Tennessee 28.34 (25.87 - 30.96) 11.12 (9.38 - 13.14) 38.68 (35.13 - 42.35) 28.87 (25.92 - 32.02)
Texas 23.41 (22.08 - 24.80) 8.80 (7.79 - 9.92) 33.81 (31.83 - 35.85) 23.61 (21.90 - 25.41)
Utah 15.34 (13.45 - 17.44) 5.77 (4.50 - 7.38) 21.67 (18.43 - 25.30) 15.38 (13.02 - 18.08)
Vermont 22.49 (20.19 - 24.98) 10.40 (8.65 - 12.45) 38.73 (34.97 - 42.62) 21.28 (18.54 - 24.30)
Virginia 23.24 (20.90 - 25.76) 10.02 (8.36 - 11.96) 35.40 (31.65 - 39.34) 22.85 (20.12 - 25.84)
Washington 22.65 (20.46 - 25.01) 9.38 (7.84 - 11.19) 34.68 (31.05 - 38.49) 22.39 (19.79 - 25.23)
West Virginia 29.08 (26.54 - 31.77) 12.94 (10.99 - 15.19) 45.90 (41.94 - 49.91) 28.42 (25.42 - 31.62)
Wisconsin 27.40 (24.95 - 30.00) 11.73 (9.89 - 13.85) 42.45 (38.89 - 46.08) 26.84 (23.89 - 30.01)
Wyoming 27.29 (24.74 - 29.99) 12.94 (11.05 - 15.10) 41.74 (38.00 - 45.57) 26.56 (23.51 - 29.85)
91007
Table B.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 73.72   69.26   69.80   74.98  
Northeast 76.60 (75.71 - 77.47) 72.02 (70.95 - 73.07) 72.84 (71.64 - 74.01) 77.80 (76.72 - 78.83)
Midwest 70.77 (70.00 - 71.54) 67.91 (67.02 - 68.79) 66.04 (65.00 - 67.06) 71.97 (71.02 - 72.91)
South 72.81 (72.08 - 73.53) 67.76 (66.85 - 68.66) 69.06 (68.07 - 70.03) 74.10 (73.21 - 74.97)
West 75.67 (74.74 - 76.58) 70.75 (69.60 - 71.88) 72.10 (70.86 - 73.31) 77.00 (75.85 - 78.10)
Alabama 68.45 (65.45 - 71.30) 63.30 (59.53 - 66.92) 65.90 (62.33 - 69.31) 69.55 (65.85 - 73.01)
Alaska 71.69 (68.93 - 74.30) 71.10 (67.80 - 74.20) 66.62 (62.73 - 70.29) 72.74 (69.34 - 75.89)
Arizona 74.81 (72.15 - 77.28) 71.28 (67.55 - 74.74) 69.47 (65.67 - 73.02) 76.19 (73.02 - 79.09)
Arkansas 69.58 (66.88 - 72.15) 66.00 (62.49 - 69.35) 66.64 (63.02 - 70.08) 70.52 (67.26 - 73.58)
California 76.94 (75.50 - 78.32) 71.00 (69.18 - 72.75) 73.85 (71.97 - 75.65) 78.37 (76.56 - 80.09)
Colorado 75.09 (72.49 - 77.52) 69.50 (66.23 - 72.58) 69.46 (65.88 - 72.82) 76.73 (73.64 - 79.55)
Connecticut 77.43 (75.01 - 79.69) 71.81 (68.47 - 74.93) 73.37 (69.91 - 76.56) 78.80 (75.84 - 81.48)
Delaware 75.51 (72.83 - 78.00) 72.42 (69.10 - 75.50) 71.85 (68.47 - 75.00) 76.51 (73.27 - 79.46)
District of Columbia 78.85 (76.41 - 81.10) 67.49 (63.88 - 70.90) 76.12 (72.73 - 79.20) 80.56 (77.60 - 83.21)
Florida 75.36 (73.86 - 76.81) 70.36 (68.41 - 72.24) 70.44 (68.51 - 72.31) 76.65 (74.83 - 78.37)
Georgia 72.51 (69.89 - 74.97) 68.68 (65.37 - 71.82) 69.14 (65.60 - 72.48) 73.61 (70.43 - 76.57)
Hawaii 73.48 (70.54 - 76.24) 72.85 (69.29 - 76.15) 70.93 (67.38 - 74.24) 73.96 (70.39 - 77.24)
Idaho 74.66 (72.19 - 76.97) 70.92 (67.75 - 73.89) 70.84 (67.48 - 73.98) 75.88 (72.85 - 78.67)
Illinois 73.88 (72.44 - 75.27) 69.16 (67.29 - 70.97) 69.53 (67.66 - 71.34) 75.30 (73.49 - 77.02)
Indiana 70.14 (67.38 - 72.76) 68.51 (65.16 - 71.68) 67.32 (63.99 - 70.47) 70.84 (67.44 - 74.01)
Iowa 69.12 (66.59 - 71.54) 67.37 (64.18 - 70.42) 63.91 (60.35 - 67.33) 70.27 (67.18 - 73.19)
Kansas 69.82 (66.95 - 72.55) 65.61 (62.12 - 68.94) 63.19 (59.11 - 67.09) 71.65 (68.13 - 74.92)
Kentucky 64.95 (62.01 - 67.78) 64.32 (60.83 - 67.66) 58.87 (55.08 - 62.56) 65.98 (62.41 - 69.38)
Louisiana 73.29 (70.61 - 75.80) 67.24 (63.83 - 70.48) 70.37 (66.97 - 73.56) 74.70 (71.43 - 77.70)
Maine 72.04 (69.27 - 74.66) 69.50 (66.03 - 72.76) 65.41 (61.86 - 68.80) 73.26 (69.96 - 76.32)
Maryland 73.58 (70.88 - 76.12) 69.24 (65.83 - 72.44) 68.91 (65.40 - 72.22) 74.93 (71.64 - 77.96)
Massachusetts 73.40 (70.55 - 76.07) 69.69 (66.22 - 72.95) 71.61 (67.97 - 74.98) 74.16 (70.67 - 77.38)
Michigan 71.19 (69.68 - 72.66) 66.33 (64.45 - 68.16) 65.76 (63.87 - 67.61) 72.77 (70.89 - 74.58)
Minnesota 71.70 (69.04 - 74.21) 69.40 (66.18 - 72.44) 65.89 (62.22 - 69.37) 73.00 (69.77 - 76.00)
Mississippi 71.14 (68.46 - 73.68) 66.15 (62.67 - 69.46) 67.13 (63.47 - 70.59) 72.61 (69.30 - 75.69)
Missouri 69.41 (66.71 - 71.98) 66.91 (63.55 - 70.11) 64.71 (61.16 - 68.10) 70.51 (67.22 - 73.60)
Montana 72.80 (70.16 - 75.30) 67.86 (64.53 - 71.03) 68.24 (64.66 - 71.61) 74.20 (70.97 - 77.18)
Nebraska 70.98 (68.31 - 73.52) 67.30 (63.92 - 70.51) 65.30 (61.50 - 68.93) 72.54 (69.27 - 75.59)
Nevada 73.25 (70.35 - 75.95) 70.62 (67.12 - 73.90) 69.40 (65.47 - 73.07) 74.15 (70.68 - 77.34)
New Hampshire 74.56 (72.08 - 76.89) 66.44 (62.86 - 69.83) 68.24 (64.55 - 71.71) 76.54 (73.55 - 79.28)
New Jersey 77.19 (74.54 - 79.65) 73.69 (70.53 - 76.62) 72.86 (69.39 - 76.07) 78.30 (75.13 - 81.16)
New Mexico 76.18 (73.62 - 78.56) 69.23 (65.74 - 72.51) 73.15 (69.56 - 76.46) 77.68 (74.58 - 80.50)
New York 79.61 (78.14 - 81.01) 73.38 (71.55 - 75.14) 75.80 (73.90 - 77.61) 81.07 (79.24 - 82.77)
North Carolina 74.65 (71.98 - 77.15) 71.07 (67.99 - 73.97) 70.19 (66.52 - 73.62) 75.82 (72.59 - 78.78)
North Dakota 69.80 (67.05 - 72.43) 69.58 (66.22 - 72.74) 66.77 (63.31 - 70.06) 70.53 (67.09 - 73.75)
Ohio 69.86 (68.33 - 71.34) 68.85 (67.07 - 70.58) 65.02 (63.01 - 66.98) 70.79 (68.90 - 72.60)
Oklahoma 70.30 (67.47 - 72.99) 64.63 (60.81 - 68.28) 67.18 (63.26 - 70.87) 71.63 (68.20 - 74.82)
Oregon 72.73 (70.03 - 75.27) 68.02 (64.41 - 71.43) 68.81 (65.44 - 72.00) 73.89 (70.64 - 76.91)
Pennsylvania 73.66 (72.22 - 75.06) 70.64 (68.88 - 72.34) 69.54 (67.66 - 71.37) 74.71 (72.95 - 76.39)
Rhode Island 75.80 (73.05 - 78.34) 73.26 (69.94 - 76.34) 73.73 (70.22 - 76.96) 76.50 (73.20 - 79.50)
South Carolina 72.11 (69.46 - 74.61) 66.67 (63.23 - 69.93) 67.72 (63.91 - 71.30) 73.52 (70.39 - 76.43)
South Dakota 69.94 (67.19 - 72.56) 68.10 (64.61 - 71.39) 66.67 (63.08 - 70.08) 70.79 (67.44 - 73.93)
Tennessee 70.94 (68.32 - 73.43) 64.81 (61.19 - 68.27) 66.91 (63.40 - 70.24) 72.31 (69.17 - 75.23)
Texas 73.43 (71.91 - 74.89) 66.76 (64.81 - 68.66) 71.13 (69.23 - 72.96) 74.85 (72.91 - 76.70)
Utah 77.27 (74.80 - 79.56) 77.00 (73.88 - 79.85) 73.44 (69.82 - 76.77) 78.30 (75.23 - 81.09)
Vermont 77.49 (75.07 - 79.74) 73.43 (70.17 - 76.46) 71.95 (68.50 - 75.16) 78.87 (75.93 - 81.55)
Virginia 74.27 (71.76 - 76.64) 69.73 (66.54 - 72.73) 69.41 (65.84 - 72.75) 75.66 (72.61 - 78.48)
Washington 73.70 (71.13 - 76.11) 68.76 (65.36 - 71.96) 69.69 (66.27 - 72.91) 74.96 (71.82 - 77.86)
West Virginia 68.79 (66.02 - 71.44) 66.79 (63.59 - 69.85) 64.11 (60.39 - 67.66) 69.69 (66.40 - 72.79)
Wisconsin 67.67 (64.83 - 70.39) 66.40 (62.92 - 69.72) 63.14 (59.63 - 66.51) 68.60 (65.15 - 71.86)
Wyoming 71.30 (68.51 - 73.94) 70.51 (67.29 - 73.54) 66.13 (62.45 - 69.62) 72.32 (68.91 - 75.49)
91007
Table B.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 7.43   5.14   17.02   6.08  
Northeast 7.08 (6.66 - 7.52) 4.82 (4.41 - 5.27) 17.28 (16.33 - 18.27) 5.66 (5.16 - 6.19)
Midwest 8.16 (7.80 - 8.55) 5.72 (5.33 - 6.13) 19.00 (18.18 - 19.85) 6.61 (6.17 - 7.08)
South 6.92 (6.60 - 7.26) 4.56 (4.23 - 4.91) 15.36 (14.61 - 16.15) 5.80 (5.41 - 6.22)
West 7.81 (7.35 - 8.29) 5.71 (5.20 - 6.28) 17.46 (16.45 - 18.52) 6.35 (5.81 - 6.94)
Alabama 6.27 (5.19 - 7.55) 4.52 (3.51 - 5.80) 13.07 (10.91 - 15.58) 5.34 (4.18 - 6.80)
Alaska 7.73 (6.47 - 9.20) 5.58 (4.34 - 7.14) 17.36 (14.61 - 20.49) 6.25 (4.91 - 7.93)
Arizona 7.91 (6.67 - 9.37) 6.06 (4.73 - 7.72) 17.51 (14.80 - 20.61) 6.54 (5.20 - 8.19)
Arkansas 6.94 (5.88 - 8.18) 5.30 (4.20 - 6.68) 16.38 (13.87 - 19.25) 5.61 (4.49 - 7.00)
California 7.63 (6.93 - 8.39) 5.59 (4.82 - 6.47) 16.81 (15.37 - 18.36) 6.18 (5.36 - 7.12)
Colorado 9.15 (7.89 - 10.60) 6.91 (5.52 - 8.61) 22.54 (19.51 - 25.90) 7.19 (5.83 - 8.84)
Connecticut 8.16 (6.91 - 9.62) 6.24 (4.93 - 7.85) 19.31 (16.60 - 22.34) 6.66 (5.28 - 8.36)
Delaware 7.27 (6.11 - 8.64) 4.72 (3.64 - 6.12) 17.51 (14.88 - 20.49) 5.89 (4.65 - 7.44)
District of Columbia 9.52 (8.07 - 11.20) 3.29 (2.50 - 4.33) 18.91 (16.14 - 22.04) 8.05 (6.45 - 10.00)
Florida 7.18 (6.46 - 7.96) 4.80 (4.07 - 5.65) 15.33 (13.85 - 16.94) 6.24 (5.41 - 7.19)
Georgia 6.38 (5.30 - 7.66) 3.83 (2.91 - 5.03) 13.58 (11.39 - 16.13) 5.51 (4.32 - 7.00)
Hawaii 8.29 (6.77 - 10.11) 5.65 (4.22 - 7.52) 17.65 (14.83 - 20.87) 7.11 (5.43 - 9.26)
Idaho 7.12 (6.08 - 8.33) 5.63 (4.48 - 7.04) 16.87 (14.37 - 19.70) 5.61 (4.49 - 6.97)
Illinois 8.24 (7.49 - 9.07) 5.17 (4.48 - 5.97) 18.65 (17.05 - 20.36) 6.79 (5.91 - 7.80)
Indiana 6.94 (5.85 - 8.20) 5.21 (4.13 - 6.56) 16.49 (14.09 - 19.21) 5.55 (4.38 - 6.99)
Iowa 8.28 (7.10 - 9.64) 6.27 (4.99 - 7.85) 18.48 (15.88 - 21.39) 6.72 (5.42 - 8.30)
Kansas 8.28 (7.08 - 9.67) 6.04 (4.71 - 7.71) 20.28 (17.33 - 23.60) 6.33 (5.07 - 7.89)
Kentucky 5.66 (4.65 - 6.88) 4.04 (3.07 - 5.29) 13.17 (10.88 - 15.85) 4.68 (3.62 - 6.04)
Louisiana 7.10 (5.95 - 8.46) 4.07 (3.10 - 5.32) 14.35 (12.05 - 17.00) 6.12 (4.84 - 7.71)
Maine 6.90 (5.84 - 8.13) 5.10 (3.96 - 6.55) 17.90 (15.38 - 20.73) 5.56 (4.43 - 6.96)
Maryland 7.37 (6.26 - 8.66) 4.49 (3.54 - 5.68) 16.33 (14.01 - 18.95) 6.25 (5.02 - 7.77)
Massachusetts 8.17 (6.91 - 9.63) 5.31 (4.16 - 6.77) 19.20 (16.45 - 22.29) 6.59 (5.23 - 8.28)
Michigan 7.72 (7.02 - 8.50) 5.42 (4.70 - 6.25) 17.53 (16.04 - 19.12) 6.37 (5.54 - 7.32)
Minnesota 9.99 (8.53 - 11.67) 6.77 (5.41 - 8.45) 23.43 (20.42 - 26.73) 8.08 (6.46 - 10.06)
Mississippi 6.25 (5.22 - 7.46) 3.83 (2.94 - 4.98) 14.04 (11.83 - 16.59) 5.16 (4.03 - 6.58)
Missouri 7.70 (6.56 - 9.02) 5.73 (4.46 - 7.33) 18.37 (15.84 - 21.22) 6.19 (4.97 - 7.68)
Montana 9.16 (7.89 - 10.60) 7.09 (5.73 - 8.75) 23.55 (20.52 - 26.88) 6.98 (5.61 - 8.66)
Nebraska 8.58 (7.36 - 9.98) 6.40 (5.12 - 7.97) 19.46 (16.83 - 22.40) 6.82 (5.48 - 8.45)
Nevada 7.91 (6.63 - 9.42) 6.02 (4.71 - 7.66) 17.57 (14.83 - 20.70) 6.73 (5.34 - 8.45)
New Hampshire 7.72 (6.57 - 9.05) 5.61 (4.42 - 7.08) 20.38 (17.50 - 23.59) 6.06 (4.82 - 7.58)
New Jersey 6.75 (5.66 - 8.04) 4.40 (3.38 - 5.71) 16.72 (14.22 - 19.56) 5.53 (4.34 - 7.02)
New Mexico 7.90 (6.68 - 9.32) 5.92 (4.64 - 7.51) 18.97 (16.11 - 22.19) 6.14 (4.84 - 7.75)
New York 7.06 (6.37 - 7.82) 4.76 (4.07 - 5.55) 17.00 (15.45 - 18.68) 5.58 (4.79 - 6.51)
North Carolina 6.85 (5.75 - 8.13) 4.23 (3.29 - 5.42) 16.14 (13.66 - 18.98) 5.68 (4.51 - 7.14)
North Dakota 9.31 (8.08 - 10.70) 6.91 (5.50 - 8.65) 22.14 (19.25 - 25.32) 6.71 (5.41 - 8.28)
Ohio 7.95 (7.24 - 8.72) 5.57 (4.84 - 6.39) 18.10 (16.59 - 19.71) 6.58 (5.76 - 7.51)
Oklahoma 6.99 (5.85 - 8.34) 4.73 (3.60 - 6.20) 16.88 (14.18 - 19.97) 5.48 (4.29 - 6.97)
Oregon 7.74 (6.56 - 9.10) 5.82 (4.61 - 7.31) 17.86 (15.37 - 20.66) 6.40 (5.11 - 7.98)
Pennsylvania 6.33 (5.70 - 7.03) 4.36 (3.70 - 5.13) 15.95 (14.52 - 17.48) 5.00 (4.27 - 5.84)
Rhode Island 7.75 (6.54 - 9.17) 5.30 (4.16 - 6.73) 17.88 (15.16 - 20.96) 6.17 (4.89 - 7.76)
South Carolina 7.39 (6.23 - 8.75) 4.44 (3.45 - 5.68) 15.82 (13.37 - 18.62) 6.39 (5.13 - 7.94)
South Dakota 9.05 (7.84 - 10.42) 6.43 (5.15 - 8.00) 22.55 (19.67 - 25.71) 6.93 (5.61 - 8.53)
Tennessee 6.74 (5.67 - 8.00) 4.44 (3.42 - 5.76) 15.88 (13.49 - 18.61) 5.63 (4.48 - 7.05)
Texas 6.88 (6.23 - 7.60) 4.87 (4.17 - 5.68) 14.83 (13.40 - 16.39) 5.68 (4.92 - 6.55)
Utah 6.43 (5.40 - 7.63) 4.12 (3.11 - 5.42) 12.65 (10.39 - 15.32) 5.23 (4.13 - 6.62)
Vermont 7.50 (6.42 - 8.76) 5.49 (4.32 - 6.96) 19.42 (16.75 - 22.39) 5.80 (4.65 - 7.21)
Virginia 7.78 (6.60 - 9.17) 5.16 (4.10 - 6.47) 18.96 (16.33 - 21.90) 6.23 (4.94 - 7.83)
Washington 7.99 (6.81 - 9.34) 5.47 (4.29 - 6.95) 18.44 (15.91 - 21.27) 6.63 (5.35 - 8.18)
West Virginia 6.35 (5.35 - 7.53) 4.64 (3.59 - 6.00) 16.21 (13.72 - 19.06) 5.11 (4.05 - 6.43)
Wisconsin 8.86 (7.60 - 10.29) 6.56 (5.17 - 8.30) 21.95 (19.19 - 24.99) 6.93 (5.58 - 8.58)
Wyoming 8.81 (7.56 - 10.25) 7.36 (5.91 - 9.14) 19.50 (16.79 - 22.52) 7.10 (5.73 - 8.76)
91007
Table B.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 3.46   2.04   7.23   2.99  
Northeast 3.37 (3.09 - 3.67) 1.93 (1.69 - 2.21) 7.26 (6.65 - 7.92) 2.90 (2.57 - 3.26)
Midwest 3.54 (3.33 - 3.77) 2.13 (1.92 - 2.35) 7.53 (7.03 - 8.05) 3.04 (2.77 - 3.33)
South 3.35 (3.13 - 3.57) 1.92 (1.73 - 2.14) 6.69 (6.25 - 7.17) 2.97 (2.70 - 3.26)
West 3.62 (3.32 - 3.94) 2.21 (1.91 - 2.55) 7.75 (7.07 - 8.49) 3.07 (2.72 - 3.47)
Alabama 3.09 (2.50 - 3.82) 1.98 (1.44 - 2.71) 5.81 (4.49 - 7.50) 2.78 (2.09 - 3.68)
Alaska 3.78 (3.10 - 4.60) 2.10 (1.53 - 2.88) 7.65 (5.98 - 9.73) 3.32 (2.53 - 4.34)
Arizona 3.46 (2.84 - 4.22) 2.33 (1.71 - 3.15) 7.30 (5.69 - 9.32) 2.97 (2.26 - 3.89)
Arkansas 3.50 (2.87 - 4.27) 1.98 (1.46 - 2.67) 7.78 (6.13 - 9.83) 3.00 (2.30 - 3.90)
California 3.65 (3.20 - 4.16) 2.19 (1.77 - 2.71) 7.79 (6.78 - 8.94) 3.07 (2.54 - 3.70)
Colorado 3.74 (3.08 - 4.55) 2.30 (1.73 - 3.05) 8.70 (6.91 - 10.89) 3.09 (2.36 - 4.04)
Connecticut 3.50 (2.90 - 4.21) 2.14 (1.56 - 2.92) 7.81 (6.23 - 9.76) 2.99 (2.31 - 3.86)
Delaware 3.32 (2.73 - 4.04) 1.95 (1.44 - 2.64) 6.77 (5.32 - 8.60) 2.92 (2.24 - 3.79)
District of Columbia 4.91 (4.00 - 6.00) 1.28 (0.87 - 1.86) 9.33 (7.41 - 11.68) 4.28 (3.25 - 5.61)
Florida 3.48 (3.01 - 4.01) 2.02 (1.62 - 2.51) 6.74 (5.79 - 7.84) 3.16 (2.61 - 3.83)
Georgia 3.30 (2.63 - 4.14) 1.78 (1.29 - 2.45) 5.87 (4.49 - 7.64) 3.08 (2.30 - 4.11)
Hawaii 3.50 (2.73 - 4.48) 1.78 (1.21 - 2.61) 7.83 (6.08 - 10.04) 3.02 (2.16 - 4.20)
Idaho 3.15 (2.59 - 3.81) 2.23 (1.67 - 2.98) 6.89 (5.41 - 8.73) 2.61 (1.99 - 3.42)
Illinois 3.71 (3.26 - 4.21) 1.97 (1.59 - 2.44) 8.05 (7.06 - 9.17) 3.16 (2.62 - 3.81)
Indiana 3.33 (2.75 - 4.04) 2.10 (1.60 - 2.77) 7.37 (5.89 - 9.18) 2.82 (2.15 - 3.68)
Iowa 3.45 (2.81 - 4.23) 2.39 (1.82 - 3.13) 6.66 (5.15 - 8.57) 3.01 (2.27 - 3.99)
Kansas 3.70 (3.05 - 4.48) 2.19 (1.63 - 2.93) 8.15 (6.45 - 10.25) 3.06 (2.34 - 4.00)
Kentucky 3.10 (2.53 - 3.78) 1.96 (1.44 - 2.67) 6.73 (5.24 - 8.61) 2.66 (2.03 - 3.48)
Louisiana 3.53 (2.89 - 4.31) 1.73 (1.27 - 2.36) 6.25 (4.88 - 7.96) 3.25 (2.49 - 4.23)
Maine 3.33 (2.70 - 4.09) 2.01 (1.46 - 2.75) 7.86 (6.28 - 9.79) 2.84 (2.15 - 3.76)
Maryland 3.57 (2.93 - 4.35) 1.75 (1.29 - 2.35) 7.46 (5.92 - 9.36) 3.16 (2.42 - 4.13)
Massachusetts 3.50 (2.85 - 4.30) 2.05 (1.51 - 2.77) 7.68 (6.01 - 9.76) 2.95 (2.22 - 3.91)
Michigan 3.38 (2.95 - 3.86) 2.01 (1.66 - 2.43) 6.89 (5.98 - 7.93) 2.97 (2.46 - 3.57)
Minnesota 3.94 (3.20 - 4.84) 2.36 (1.75 - 3.16) 7.54 (5.87 - 9.63) 3.52 (2.67 - 4.63)
Mississippi 3.31 (2.71 - 4.03) 1.63 (1.19 - 2.23) 7.07 (5.58 - 8.92) 2.86 (2.17 - 3.75)
Missouri 3.16 (2.57 - 3.88) 2.09 (1.54 - 2.84) 6.51 (5.13 - 8.23) 2.74 (2.07 - 3.62)
Montana 4.18 (3.45 - 5.07) 2.15 (1.55 - 2.98) 11.23 (9.06 - 13.83) 3.25 (2.45 - 4.29)
Nebraska 3.43 (2.85 - 4.13) 2.29 (1.69 - 3.09) 7.71 (6.05 - 9.77) 2.78 (2.14 - 3.60)
Nevada 3.45 (2.80 - 4.25) 2.35 (1.70 - 3.23) 6.49 (5.05 - 8.30) 3.14 (2.39 - 4.13)
New Hampshire 3.44 (2.82 - 4.18) 2.30 (1.73 - 3.04) 7.87 (6.20 - 9.96) 2.91 (2.22 - 3.80)
New Jersey 3.02 (2.41 - 3.78) 1.93 (1.42 - 2.63) 5.62 (4.27 - 7.36) 2.76 (2.06 - 3.70)
New Mexico 3.75 (3.05 - 4.59) 2.36 (1.71 - 3.24) 8.91 (7.00 - 11.28) 2.99 (2.24 - 3.97)
New York 3.62 (3.15 - 4.16) 1.97 (1.59 - 2.42) 7.78 (6.74 - 8.97) 3.09 (2.54 - 3.76)
North Carolina 3.43 (2.80 - 4.20) 1.71 (1.27 - 2.28) 6.94 (5.42 - 8.84) 3.08 (2.36 - 4.02)
North Dakota 3.62 (3.00 - 4.36) 2.47 (1.85 - 3.29) 8.07 (6.42 - 10.10) 2.76 (2.08 - 3.65)
Ohio 3.54 (3.11 - 4.03) 2.08 (1.71 - 2.51) 7.70 (6.73 - 8.80) 3.04 (2.53 - 3.65)
Oklahoma 3.45 (2.82 - 4.22) 2.06 (1.53 - 2.76) 7.56 (5.91 - 9.62) 2.89 (2.18 - 3.81)
Oregon 3.56 (2.92 - 4.32) 2.06 (1.53 - 2.77) 7.43 (5.96 - 9.21) 3.14 (2.41 - 4.07)
Pennsylvania 3.05 (2.62 - 3.54) 1.69 (1.32 - 2.16) 6.94 (5.99 - 8.03) 2.58 (2.08 - 3.19)
Rhode Island 3.75 (3.04 - 4.63) 1.99 (1.44 - 2.73) 6.96 (5.41 - 8.91) 3.38 (2.54 - 4.48)
South Carolina 3.61 (2.94 - 4.44) 1.99 (1.48 - 2.66) 6.47 (5.05 - 8.25) 3.36 (2.57 - 4.38)
South Dakota 3.58 (2.96 - 4.31) 2.00 (1.48 - 2.70) 8.98 (7.20 - 11.14) 2.80 (2.12 - 3.69)
Tennessee 3.25 (2.66 - 3.98) 1.89 (1.41 - 2.52) 6.95 (5.51 - 8.74) 2.86 (2.18 - 3.73)
Texas 3.08 (2.68 - 3.55) 2.02 (1.64 - 2.48) 6.22 (5.34 - 7.23) 2.65 (2.16 - 3.24)
Utah 3.39 (2.81 - 4.10) 1.91 (1.41 - 2.59) 6.48 (5.09 - 8.21) 2.86 (2.19 - 3.74)
Vermont 3.77 (3.09 - 4.60) 2.28 (1.71 - 3.02) 7.91 (6.32 - 9.86) 3.27 (2.49 - 4.28)
Virginia 3.53 (2.89 - 4.31) 2.08 (1.57 - 2.76) 7.67 (6.09 - 9.61) 3.02 (2.29 - 3.96)
Washington 3.74 (3.09 - 4.52) 2.31 (1.73 - 3.07) 7.88 (6.29 - 9.83) 3.26 (2.52 - 4.20)
West Virginia 3.25 (2.65 - 3.99) 2.08 (1.53 - 2.81) 7.28 (5.78 - 9.13) 2.79 (2.13 - 3.66)
Wisconsin 3.73 (3.10 - 4.49) 2.45 (1.82 - 3.29) 8.08 (6.50 - 10.01) 3.15 (2.43 - 4.09)
Wyoming 3.45 (2.82 - 4.21) 2.71 (2.01 - 3.65) 6.70 (5.21 - 8.57) 2.96 (2.25 - 3.90)
91007
Table B.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.78   4.47   7.85   1.69  
Northeast 2.79 (2.56 - 3.04) 4.15 (3.73 - 4.61) 8.63 (7.98 - 9.34) 1.64 (1.41 - 1.92)
Midwest 2.67 (2.49 - 2.87) 4.64 (4.30 - 5.01) 7.46 (6.98 - 7.97) 1.59 (1.39 - 1.80)
South 2.81 (2.62 - 3.01) 4.31 (3.97 - 4.66) 7.59 (7.12 - 8.09) 1.80 (1.60 - 2.03)
West 2.84 (2.61 - 3.09) 4.81 (4.34 - 5.32) 8.00 (7.35 - 8.70) 1.64 (1.40 - 1.92)
Alabama 3.07 (2.39 - 3.93) 4.18 (3.25 - 5.37) 7.88 (6.27 - 9.87) 2.11 (1.44 - 3.09)
Alaska 2.93 (2.30 - 3.72) 4.81 (3.74 - 6.17) 7.88 (6.17 - 10.02) 1.71 (1.15 - 2.52)
Arizona 3.13 (2.42 - 4.04) 4.72 (3.64 - 6.10) 8.79 (6.82 - 11.28) 1.95 (1.31 - 2.90)
Arkansas 2.94 (2.31 - 3.72) 4.70 (3.67 - 6.00) 7.71 (6.08 - 9.72) 1.93 (1.34 - 2.77)
California 2.66 (2.31 - 3.05) 4.64 (3.95 - 5.45) 7.64 (6.67 - 8.75) 1.43 (1.09 - 1.87)
Colorado 3.39 (2.67 - 4.31) 5.39 (4.24 - 6.83) 9.61 (7.66 - 12.01) 2.11 (1.42 - 3.12)
Connecticut 2.88 (2.27 - 3.64) 4.34 (3.33 - 5.64) 9.28 (7.45 - 11.51) 1.69 (1.14 - 2.48)
Delaware 3.06 (2.37 - 3.94) 4.62 (3.57 - 5.95) 9.14 (7.28 - 11.43) 1.85 (1.22 - 2.80)
District of Columbia 4.49 (3.50 - 5.74) 3.78 (2.85 - 5.00) 9.97 (7.94 - 12.46) 3.34 (2.33 - 4.77)
Florida 2.68 (2.27 - 3.16) 4.29 (3.62 - 5.07) 7.58 (6.56 - 8.75) 1.78 (1.36 - 2.34)
Georgia 3.03 (2.34 - 3.91) 3.91 (2.98 - 5.12) 8.05 (6.37 - 10.13) 2.05 (1.39 - 3.02)
Hawaii 2.52 (1.87 - 3.38) 4.89 (3.65 - 6.52) 6.77 (5.16 - 8.83) 1.57 (0.97 - 2.53)
Idaho 2.78 (2.21 - 3.50) 5.05 (3.95 - 6.43) 7.63 (6.05 - 9.58) 1.59 (1.07 - 2.35)
Illinois 2.40 (2.06 - 2.80) 4.20 (3.55 - 4.95) 6.61 (5.70 - 7.65) 1.41 (1.06 - 1.86)
Indiana 3.09 (2.44 - 3.92) 5.50 (4.29 - 7.03) 8.43 (6.73 - 10.50) 1.87 (1.26 - 2.77)
Iowa 1.69 (1.25 - 2.28) 3.60 (2.70 - 4.77) 4.90 (3.59 - 6.64) 0.87 (0.51 - 1.48)
Kansas 2.08 (1.57 - 2.76) 4.40 (3.35 - 5.77) 5.60 (4.12 - 7.56) 1.10 (0.68 - 1.79)
Kentucky 3.43 (2.69 - 4.36) 4.58 (3.55 - 5.88) 9.75 (7.82 - 12.09) 2.30 (1.58 - 3.33)
Louisiana 2.85 (2.22 - 3.66) 3.75 (2.89 - 4.84) 7.28 (5.71 - 9.24) 1.87 (1.27 - 2.75)
Maine 2.91 (2.28 - 3.70) 4.60 (3.52 - 5.98) 10.03 (8.05 - 12.45) 1.72 (1.16 - 2.54)
Maryland 2.78 (2.15 - 3.60) 3.82 (2.93 - 4.95) 7.57 (5.99 - 9.53) 1.85 (1.23 - 2.76)
Massachusetts 3.09 (2.42 - 3.93) 4.29 (3.28 - 5.58) 10.29 (8.18 - 12.87) 1.70 (1.13 - 2.54)
Michigan 2.94 (2.56 - 3.37) 4.77 (4.10 - 5.55) 8.25 (7.30 - 9.31) 1.79 (1.40 - 2.29)
Minnesota 2.78 (2.19 - 3.53) 4.69 (3.70 - 5.95) 8.04 (6.35 - 10.12) 1.63 (1.10 - 2.40)
Mississippi 2.38 (1.79 - 3.16) 3.35 (2.49 - 4.50) 6.66 (5.14 - 8.58) 1.45 (0.90 - 2.32)
Missouri 2.78 (2.17 - 3.55) 4.75 (3.70 - 6.09) 7.96 (6.24 - 10.09) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.47)
Montana 2.87 (2.28 - 3.61) 4.56 (3.54 - 5.84) 8.82 (6.97 - 11.10) 1.65 (1.13 - 2.41)
Nebraska 2.10 (1.59 - 2.77) 4.34 (3.34 - 5.63) 5.81 (4.35 - 7.71) 1.11 (0.68 - 1.79)
Nevada 3.23 (2.46 - 4.24) 5.42 (4.18 - 7.00) 8.70 (6.79 - 11.08) 2.14 (1.41 - 3.24)
New Hampshire 2.97 (2.33 - 3.79) 5.08 (3.94 - 6.53) 8.81 (6.93 - 11.14) 1.82 (1.23 - 2.68)
New Jersey 2.36 (1.81 - 3.05) 4.19 (3.24 - 5.40) 7.34 (5.71 - 9.37) 1.37 (0.89 - 2.09)
New Mexico 3.38 (2.61 - 4.37) 5.89 (4.57 - 7.56) 9.14 (7.10 - 11.71) 1.98 (1.28 - 3.04)
New York 3.11 (2.69 - 3.60) 4.17 (3.48 - 4.98) 9.10 (8.00 - 10.34) 1.92 (1.49 - 2.47)
North Carolina 2.43 (1.86 - 3.16) 4.01 (3.12 - 5.13) 7.16 (5.51 - 9.24) 1.47 (0.97 - 2.22)
North Dakota 2.06 (1.58 - 2.68) 4.04 (3.06 - 5.31) 5.62 (4.24 - 7.41) 1.00 (0.62 - 1.61)
Ohio 3.02 (2.64 - 3.45) 5.04 (4.34 - 5.85) 8.65 (7.66 - 9.77) 1.83 (1.44 - 2.32)
Oklahoma 2.66 (2.04 - 3.46) 4.30 (3.29 - 5.61) 6.86 (5.27 - 8.88) 1.67 (1.11 - 2.50)
Oregon 3.43 (2.69 - 4.37) 4.98 (3.91 - 6.34) 9.65 (7.86 - 11.81) 2.29 (1.56 - 3.35)
Pennsylvania 2.23 (1.91 - 2.60) 3.73 (3.11 - 4.47) 7.04 (6.09 - 8.12) 1.26 (0.95 - 1.66)
Rhode Island 4.41 (3.45 - 5.63) 4.93 (3.79 - 6.41) 12.50 (10.09 - 15.38) 2.85 (1.90 - 4.24)
South Carolina 3.11 (2.43 - 3.98) 4.57 (3.57 - 5.81) 7.95 (6.26 - 10.03) 2.13 (1.47 - 3.08)
South Dakota 2.26 (1.77 - 2.90) 4.43 (3.41 - 5.73) 6.67 (5.19 - 8.54) 1.17 (0.75 - 1.82)
Tennessee 2.86 (2.23 - 3.65) 4.17 (3.21 - 5.40) 8.25 (6.54 - 10.35) 1.87 (1.28 - 2.74)
Texas 2.71 (2.33 - 3.14) 4.78 (4.07 - 5.60) 6.85 (5.93 - 7.90) 1.61 (1.23 - 2.11)
Utah 3.02 (2.40 - 3.79) 5.02 (3.91 - 6.42) 7.02 (5.46 - 8.99) 1.65 (1.13 - 2.42)
Vermont 2.80 (2.22 - 3.52) 4.55 (3.55 - 5.81) 9.47 (7.57 - 11.78) 1.50 (1.01 - 2.24)
Virginia 2.85 (2.23 - 3.63) 4.44 (3.44 - 5.72) 8.38 (6.60 - 10.59) 1.71 (1.15 - 2.55)
Washington 2.52 (1.99 - 3.20) 4.68 (3.63 - 6.01) 7.50 (5.93 - 9.46) 1.45 (0.98 - 2.15)
West Virginia 2.84 (2.19 - 3.67) 4.32 (3.37 - 5.53) 8.06 (6.37 - 10.15) 1.92 (1.30 - 2.83)
Wisconsin 2.55 (1.99 - 3.26) 4.33 (3.33 - 5.61) 6.94 (5.51 - 8.72) 1.58 (1.07 - 2.33)
Wyoming 2.39 (1.87 - 3.04) 4.56 (3.52 - 5.87) 6.90 (5.37 - 8.84) 1.31 (0.86 - 1.98)
91007
Table B.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 1.92   2.43   5.53   1.23  
Northeast 1.96 (1.76 - 2.18) 2.34 (2.08 - 2.63) 6.03 (5.49 - 6.63) 1.23 (1.03 - 1.48)
Midwest 1.85 (1.70 - 2.02) 2.55 (2.31 - 2.82) 5.30 (4.91 - 5.71) 1.16 (1.00 - 1.35)
South 1.91 (1.76 - 2.08) 2.29 (2.07 - 2.53) 5.35 (4.97 - 5.76) 1.28 (1.11 - 1.48)
West 1.97 (1.77 - 2.19) 2.58 (2.27 - 2.94) 5.65 (5.09 - 6.28) 1.22 (1.01 - 1.46)
Alabama 1.91 (1.46 - 2.51) 2.31 (1.71 - 3.10) 5.31 (4.09 - 6.87) 1.29 (0.85 - 1.93)
Alaska 2.07 (1.57 - 2.72) 2.75 (2.01 - 3.76) 5.61 (4.20 - 7.46) 1.29 (0.85 - 1.98)
Arizona 1.98 (1.49 - 2.61) 2.51 (1.86 - 3.39) 5.84 (4.40 - 7.71) 1.25 (0.82 - 1.90)
Arkansas 2.02 (1.54 - 2.63) 2.55 (1.92 - 3.38) 5.32 (4.07 - 6.92) 1.41 (0.95 - 2.08)
California 1.92 (1.63 - 2.27) 2.42 (1.96 - 2.98) 5.67 (4.81 - 6.69) 1.14 (0.86 - 1.53)
Colorado 2.10 (1.58 - 2.79) 2.87 (2.13 - 3.88) 5.78 (4.37 - 7.60) 1.39 (0.91 - 2.13)
Connecticut 1.95 (1.49 - 2.55) 2.53 (1.88 - 3.40) 6.19 (4.79 - 7.96) 1.21 (0.80 - 1.84)
Delaware 2.09 (1.59 - 2.75) 2.46 (1.83 - 3.29) 6.15 (4.73 - 7.97) 1.37 (0.90 - 2.07)
District of Columbia 3.05 (2.29 - 4.04) 1.97 (1.36 - 2.84) 7.02 (5.43 - 9.03) 2.27 (1.50 - 3.43)
Florida 1.83 (1.52 - 2.20) 2.27 (1.84 - 2.80) 5.32 (4.52 - 6.26) 1.26 (0.94 - 1.69)
Georgia 2.03 (1.51 - 2.73) 2.13 (1.56 - 2.89) 5.27 (4.03 - 6.88) 1.47 (0.95 - 2.27)
Hawaii 1.67 (1.19 - 2.34) 2.84 (2.01 - 4.00) 4.58 (3.34 - 6.23) 1.08 (0.64 - 1.82)
Idaho 1.89 (1.45 - 2.46) 3.00 (2.22 - 4.04) 5.28 (3.99 - 6.95) 1.13 (0.74 - 1.72)
Illinois 1.72 (1.44 - 2.05) 2.41 (1.92 - 3.03) 4.78 (4.05 - 5.65) 1.08 (0.80 - 1.46)
Indiana 2.04 (1.56 - 2.66) 2.84 (2.11 - 3.80) 5.67 (4.37 - 7.33) 1.32 (0.87 - 1.99)
Iowa 1.32 (0.96 - 1.83) 2.16 (1.55 - 3.00) 3.88 (2.79 - 5.36) 0.76 (0.45 - 1.28)
Kansas 1.56 (1.13 - 2.15) 2.48 (1.80 - 3.41) 4.18 (2.95 - 5.88) 0.94 (0.57 - 1.56)
Kentucky 2.26 (1.72 - 2.96) 2.56 (1.89 - 3.46) 6.52 (5.05 - 8.37) 1.55 (1.03 - 2.33)
Louisiana 2.13 (1.61 - 2.82) 2.08 (1.53 - 2.82) 5.63 (4.32 - 7.32) 1.45 (0.95 - 2.22)
Maine 1.95 (1.50 - 2.54) 2.55 (1.89 - 3.42) 6.73 (5.20 - 8.66) 1.22 (0.82 - 1.82)
Maryland 1.95 (1.43 - 2.65) 1.96 (1.42 - 2.70) 5.12 (3.87 - 6.75) 1.42 (0.91 - 2.20)
Massachusetts 2.14 (1.63 - 2.81) 2.54 (1.89 - 3.41) 6.68 (5.11 - 8.69) 1.31 (0.85 - 2.00)
Michigan 1.99 (1.69 - 2.33) 2.72 (2.24 - 3.29) 5.65 (4.89 - 6.52) 1.27 (0.96 - 1.67)
Minnesota 1.84 (1.39 - 2.42) 2.71 (2.02 - 3.64) 5.56 (4.28 - 7.20) 1.08 (0.69 - 1.68)
Mississippi 1.69 (1.26 - 2.27) 1.98 (1.44 - 2.72) 4.67 (3.55 - 6.12) 1.10 (0.69 - 1.74)
Missouri 1.89 (1.44 - 2.48) 2.68 (2.00 - 3.59) 5.50 (4.18 - 7.20) 1.20 (0.78 - 1.82)
Montana 1.91 (1.46 - 2.50) 2.40 (1.77 - 3.25) 5.63 (4.33 - 7.30) 1.22 (0.81 - 1.83)
Nebraska 1.58 (1.18 - 2.13) 2.49 (1.81 - 3.42) 4.34 (3.22 - 5.84) 0.94 (0.59 - 1.51)
Nevada 1.94 (1.44 - 2.62) 2.81 (2.07 - 3.80) 5.83 (4.38 - 7.72) 1.25 (0.79 - 1.97)
New Hampshire 2.14 (1.64 - 2.80) 2.90 (2.16 - 3.89) 6.19 (4.80 - 7.96) 1.43 (0.95 - 2.15)
New Jersey 1.63 (1.21 - 2.18) 2.28 (1.69 - 3.06) 4.95 (3.78 - 6.47) 1.04 (0.67 - 1.62)
New Mexico 2.26 (1.69 - 3.01) 3.38 (2.47 - 4.60) 6.18 (4.69 - 8.11) 1.39 (0.86 - 2.22)
New York 2.23 (1.87 - 2.66) 2.27 (1.82 - 2.82) 6.66 (5.71 - 7.75) 1.44 (1.07 - 1.93)
North Carolina 1.75 (1.32 - 2.31) 2.33 (1.73 - 3.13) 5.20 (3.95 - 6.82) 1.12 (0.73 - 1.73)
North Dakota 1.42 (1.04 - 1.92) 2.22 (1.57 - 3.11) 3.92 (2.88 - 5.30) 0.75 (0.44 - 1.26)
Ohio 2.04 (1.74 - 2.38) 2.48 (2.05 - 3.00) 6.20 (5.37 - 7.16) 1.29 (0.99 - 1.69)
Oklahoma 1.84 (1.37 - 2.47) 2.43 (1.79 - 3.29) 5.00 (3.74 - 6.66) 1.18 (0.75 - 1.86)
Oregon 2.48 (1.86 - 3.29) 2.89 (2.14 - 3.89) 6.79 (5.29 - 8.68) 1.77 (1.16 - 2.68)
Pennsylvania 1.57 (1.30 - 1.88) 2.21 (1.80 - 2.71) 4.97 (4.21 - 5.87) 0.93 (0.67 - 1.28)
Rhode Island 3.03 (2.25 - 4.07) 2.85 (2.09 - 3.88) 8.37 (6.45 - 10.80) 2.06 (1.30 - 3.25)
South Carolina 1.81 (1.36 - 2.40) 2.15 (1.59 - 2.90) 5.04 (3.79 - 6.66) 1.24 (0.82 - 1.87)
South Dakota 1.50 (1.12 - 2.01) 2.24 (1.64 - 3.05) 4.66 (3.48 - 6.22) 0.83 (0.50 - 1.36)
Tennessee 1.96 (1.50 - 2.54) 2.32 (1.73 - 3.10) 5.88 (4.54 - 7.58) 1.31 (0.88 - 1.95)
Texas 1.84 (1.55 - 2.17) 2.35 (1.93 - 2.86) 5.05 (4.27 - 5.97) 1.15 (0.87 - 1.53)
Utah 1.96 (1.53 - 2.50) 2.49 (1.85 - 3.33) 4.96 (3.78 - 6.48) 1.10 (0.73 - 1.64)
Vermont 1.85 (1.42 - 2.40) 2.31 (1.68 - 3.18) 6.13 (4.76 - 7.87) 1.09 (0.71 - 1.68)
Virginia 1.94 (1.46 - 2.57) 2.41 (1.78 - 3.27) 5.85 (4.49 - 7.60) 1.22 (0.79 - 1.89)
Washington 1.82 (1.38 - 2.40) 2.84 (2.13 - 3.76) 5.13 (3.86 - 6.79) 1.16 (0.75 - 1.78)
West Virginia 2.13 (1.59 - 2.84) 2.57 (1.92 - 3.43) 6.22 (4.79 - 8.03) 1.49 (0.97 - 2.28)
Wisconsin 1.88 (1.42 - 2.49) 2.46 (1.82 - 3.30) 5.23 (4.04 - 6.75) 1.24 (0.80 - 1.91)
Wyoming 1.63 (1.23 - 2.15) 2.65 (1.96 - 3.57) 4.66 (3.48 - 6.21) 0.96 (0.61 - 1.49)
91007
Table B.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 8.95   7.65   20.73   7.10  
Northeast 8.65 (8.20 - 9.13) 7.19 (6.64 - 7.78) 21.43 (20.43 - 22.48) 6.69 (6.15 - 7.28)
Midwest 9.57 (9.20 - 9.97) 8.20 (7.74 - 8.67) 22.37 (21.57 - 23.18) 7.54 (7.08 - 8.04)
South 8.50 (8.14 - 8.88) 7.07 (6.63 - 7.55) 19.14 (18.35 - 19.96) 6.90 (6.46 - 7.37)
West 9.30 (8.80 - 9.82) 8.37 (7.74 - 9.03) 21.06 (20.01 - 22.15) 7.30 (6.70 - 7.95)
Alabama 7.87 (6.70 - 9.22) 7.05 (5.67 - 8.75) 16.67 (14.35 - 19.29) 6.48 (5.18 - 8.08)
Alaska 9.37 (8.11 - 10.81) 8.26 (6.73 - 10.10) 21.41 (18.29 - 24.91) 7.29 (5.91 - 8.95)
Arizona 9.56 (8.25 - 11.06) 8.78 (7.11 - 10.80) 21.80 (18.74 - 25.20) 7.59 (6.18 - 9.30)
Arkansas 8.63 (7.46 - 9.97) 7.86 (6.40 - 9.61) 20.13 (17.37 - 23.22) 6.85 (5.58 - 8.39)
California 8.95 (8.21 - 9.76) 8.08 (7.13 - 9.14) 20.33 (18.75 - 22.01) 6.92 (6.04 - 7.92)
Colorado 10.94 (9.53 - 12.53) 9.66 (7.93 - 11.72) 26.09 (22.93 - 29.51) 8.57 (7.02 - 10.42)
Connecticut 9.43 (8.14 - 10.90) 8.41 (6.90 - 10.22) 23.02 (20.10 - 26.22) 7.42 (6.01 - 9.13)
Delaware 9.10 (7.82 - 10.58) 7.08 (5.70 - 8.76) 22.71 (19.72 - 26.00) 7.10 (5.69 - 8.81)
District of Columbia 11.63 (10.00 - 13.48) 5.55 (4.36 - 7.04) 23.78 (20.64 - 27.23) 9.53 (7.73 - 11.69)
Florida 8.64 (7.86 - 9.49) 7.32 (6.41 - 8.35) 18.75 (17.17 - 20.44) 7.31 (6.38 - 8.35)
Georgia 8.39 (7.20 - 9.75) 6.47 (5.18 - 8.04) 18.61 (15.97 - 21.56) 6.91 (5.61 - 8.50)
Hawaii 9.65 (7.96 - 11.66) 8.75 (6.81 - 11.18) 20.41 (17.39 - 23.81) 8.05 (6.16 - 10.45)
Idaho 8.59 (7.46 - 9.87) 8.28 (6.77 - 10.09) 20.32 (17.66 - 23.27) 6.55 (5.32 - 8.04)
Illinois 9.45 (8.66 - 10.30) 7.44 (6.57 - 8.41) 21.78 (20.18 - 23.47) 7.51 (6.58 - 8.57)
Indiana 8.54 (7.36 - 9.88) 8.13 (6.63 - 9.94) 20.19 (17.57 - 23.08) 6.61 (5.30 - 8.22)
Iowa 9.09 (7.88 - 10.47) 8.10 (6.69 - 9.77) 20.38 (17.73 - 23.31) 7.21 (5.88 - 8.81)
Kansas 9.44 (8.13 - 10.92) 8.18 (6.64 - 10.05) 22.31 (19.38 - 25.54) 7.19 (5.77 - 8.91)
Kentucky 7.93 (6.78 - 9.25) 6.92 (5.52 - 8.64) 18.67 (16.06 - 21.59) 6.37 (5.13 - 7.88)
Louisiana 8.57 (7.31 - 10.03) 6.04 (4.74 - 7.66) 17.59 (15.13 - 20.35) 7.17 (5.75 - 8.92)
Maine 8.65 (7.44 - 10.03) 7.92 (6.40 - 9.75) 22.46 (19.58 - 25.64) 6.80 (5.52 - 8.35)
Maryland 8.91 (7.67 - 10.32) 6.85 (5.52 - 8.47) 19.02 (16.48 - 21.86) 7.49 (6.09 - 9.18)
Massachusetts 9.98 (8.67 - 11.46) 7.81 (6.25 - 9.71) 24.29 (21.26 - 27.60) 7.76 (6.33 - 9.47)
Michigan 9.45 (8.68 - 10.29) 8.34 (7.36 - 9.44) 21.66 (20.08 - 23.33) 7.53 (6.62 - 8.56)
Minnesota 10.91 (9.50 - 12.49) 8.88 (7.28 - 10.78) 25.76 (22.66 - 29.13) 8.60 (7.01 - 10.51)
Mississippi 7.53 (6.40 - 8.84) 5.69 (4.51 - 7.15) 17.85 (15.27 - 20.76) 5.89 (4.65 - 7.44)
Missouri 9.40 (8.18 - 10.80) 8.01 (6.54 - 9.79) 23.03 (20.15 - 26.18) 7.33 (5.98 - 8.96)
Montana 10.14 (8.87 - 11.58) 9.14 (7.48 - 11.14) 25.46 (22.40 - 28.78) 7.68 (6.28 - 9.35)
Nebraska 9.58 (8.33 - 11.01) 8.22 (6.73 - 9.99) 21.72 (18.88 - 24.85) 7.48 (6.11 - 9.13)
Nevada 9.54 (8.16 - 11.11) 8.98 (7.28 - 11.04) 21.42 (18.39 - 24.79) 7.85 (6.36 - 9.67)
New Hampshire 9.69 (8.40 - 11.15) 8.64 (7.00 - 10.62) 24.55 (21.56 - 27.80) 7.55 (6.17 - 9.21)
New Jersey 8.00 (6.81 - 9.38) 6.61 (5.29 - 8.23) 20.23 (17.51 - 23.26) 6.31 (5.02 - 7.91)
New Mexico 9.99 (8.63 - 11.54) 9.45 (7.73 - 11.51) 22.73 (19.74 - 26.03) 7.72 (6.23 - 9.53)
New York 8.82 (8.07 - 9.63) 7.22 (6.33 - 8.23) 21.44 (19.78 - 23.21) 6.78 (5.90 - 7.78)
North Carolina 8.04 (6.90 - 9.35) 6.57 (5.31 - 8.10) 19.26 (16.60 - 22.23) 6.42 (5.18 - 7.94)
North Dakota 10.39 (9.08 - 11.87) 9.13 (7.55 - 11.00) 24.10 (21.08 - 27.40) 7.44 (6.02 - 9.17)
Ohio 9.63 (8.87 - 10.44) 8.40 (7.50 - 9.41) 22.13 (20.53 - 23.83) 7.73 (6.83 - 8.72)
Oklahoma 8.42 (7.22 - 9.81) 6.92 (5.46 - 8.72) 20.39 (17.44 - 23.69) 6.43 (5.15 - 7.99)
Oregon 9.89 (8.49 - 11.50) 9.00 (7.28 - 11.08) 21.80 (19.14 - 24.72) 8.16 (6.60 - 10.04)
Pennsylvania 7.63 (6.94 - 8.39) 6.50 (5.65 - 7.47) 19.42 (17.90 - 21.03) 5.84 (5.03 - 6.77)
Rhode Island 10.38 (8.97 - 11.97) 8.44 (6.82 - 10.39) 24.11 (21.03 - 27.48) 8.07 (6.53 - 9.93)
South Carolina 8.94 (7.69 - 10.36) 6.82 (5.50 - 8.43) 19.67 (16.85 - 22.83) 7.45 (6.08 - 9.10)
South Dakota 10.02 (8.75 - 11.45) 8.61 (7.05 - 10.48) 24.82 (21.84 - 28.06) 7.50 (6.11 - 9.17)
Tennessee 8.35 (7.15 - 9.73) 6.78 (5.41 - 8.46) 20.16 (17.41 - 23.22) 6.73 (5.44 - 8.30)
Texas 8.48 (7.74 - 9.28) 7.64 (6.70 - 8.70) 18.26 (16.72 - 19.90) 6.75 (5.88 - 7.73)
Utah 8.47 (7.32 - 9.77) 7.30 (5.85 - 9.07) 16.61 (14.04 - 19.55) 6.59 (5.31 - 8.16)
Vermont 9.18 (7.98 - 10.53) 8.36 (6.85 - 10.16) 23.61 (20.74 - 26.73) 6.93 (5.63 - 8.49)
Virginia 9.36 (8.10 - 10.79) 7.74 (6.36 - 9.38) 23.59 (20.53 - 26.97) 7.16 (5.80 - 8.81)
Washington 9.29 (8.08 - 10.66) 8.01 (6.50 - 9.83) 21.85 (19.00 - 24.99) 7.44 (6.12 - 9.00)
West Virginia 8.05 (6.84 - 9.44) 7.02 (5.66 - 8.68) 20.26 (17.42 - 23.43) 6.39 (5.11 - 7.97)
Wisconsin 10.21 (8.89 - 11.71) 8.81 (7.19 - 10.77) 24.72 (21.96 - 27.70) 7.93 (6.46 - 9.70)
Wyoming 10.10 (8.82 - 11.55) 9.89 (8.21 - 11.88) 22.20 (19.34 - 25.33) 7.98 (6.56 - 9.67)
91007
Table B.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.52   4.18   7.32   1.47  
Northeast 2.45 (2.24 - 2.69) 3.87 (3.48 - 4.29) 7.91 (7.28 - 8.60) 1.37 (1.16 - 1.61)
Midwest 2.36 (2.20 - 2.54) 4.24 (3.90 - 4.61) 6.97 (6.51 - 7.45) 1.32 (1.15 - 1.51)
South 2.54 (2.36 - 2.74) 4.05 (3.72 - 4.40) 7.05 (6.60 - 7.54) 1.59 (1.39 - 1.81)
West 2.68 (2.44 - 2.94) 4.55 (4.10 - 5.05) 7.61 (6.96 - 8.33) 1.53 (1.29 - 1.82)
Alabama 2.64 (2.02 - 3.44) 3.56 (2.67 - 4.74) 7.34 (5.78 - 9.27) 1.72 (1.13 - 2.60)
Alaska 2.73 (2.08 - 3.57) 4.45 (3.40 - 5.81) 7.24 (5.52 - 9.44) 1.61 (1.04 - 2.48)
Arizona 2.95 (2.23 - 3.90) 4.59 (3.43 - 6.11) 7.98 (6.13 - 10.33) 1.88 (1.22 - 2.87)
Arkansas 2.58 (1.99 - 3.35) 4.50 (3.46 - 5.81) 7.16 (5.54 - 9.19) 1.59 (1.05 - 2.38)
California 2.56 (2.21 - 2.95) 4.42 (3.74 - 5.21) 7.50 (6.49 - 8.66) 1.35 (1.02 - 1.80)
Colorado 3.26 (2.53 - 4.18) 5.22 (4.03 - 6.73) 9.15 (7.22 - 11.54) 2.03 (1.35 - 3.03)
Connecticut 2.49 (1.94 - 3.20) 3.92 (2.96 - 5.17) 8.16 (6.42 - 10.31) 1.42 (0.94 - 2.14)
Delaware 2.86 (2.18 - 3.73) 4.23 (3.24 - 5.51) 8.45 (6.68 - 10.65) 1.75 (1.13 - 2.72)
District of Columbia 3.73 (2.87 - 4.83) 3.77 (2.80 - 5.07) 9.42 (7.41 - 11.89) 2.46 (1.64 - 3.68)
Florida 2.53 (2.14 - 2.98) 4.08 (3.44 - 4.84) 7.04 (6.09 - 8.13) 1.69 (1.29 - 2.21)
Georgia 2.78 (2.13 - 3.61) 3.75 (2.82 - 4.98) 7.66 (6.02 - 9.70) 1.81 (1.20 - 2.73)
Hawaii 2.45 (1.74 - 3.43) 4.47 (3.29 - 6.05) 6.16 (4.60 - 8.20) 1.63 (0.95 - 2.77)
Idaho 2.70 (2.12 - 3.43) 4.64 (3.60 - 5.96) 7.19 (5.64 - 9.14) 1.61 (1.09 - 2.38)
Illinois 2.13 (1.82 - 2.48) 3.88 (3.24 - 4.64) 6.20 (5.34 - 7.20) 1.16 (0.86 - 1.55)
Indiana 2.71 (2.13 - 3.43) 5.10 (3.93 - 6.59) 7.83 (6.18 - 9.89) 1.52 (1.01 - 2.26)
Iowa 1.54 (1.11 - 2.11) 3.04 (2.20 - 4.19) 4.52 (3.29 - 6.18) 0.81 (0.47 - 1.40)
Kansas 1.81 (1.33 - 2.44) 3.72 (2.73 - 5.05) 5.23 (3.82 - 7.13) 0.90 (0.54 - 1.51)
Kentucky 2.82 (2.18 - 3.65) 4.23 (3.20 - 5.57) 8.22 (6.47 - 10.39) 1.80 (1.21 - 2.69)
Louisiana 2.57 (1.96 - 3.36) 3.42 (2.55 - 4.59) 6.66 (5.23 - 8.46) 1.65 (1.08 - 2.52)
Maine 2.71 (2.09 - 3.52) 4.31 (3.27 - 5.67) 9.29 (7.36 - 11.67) 1.61 (1.05 - 2.46)
Maryland 2.48 (1.88 - 3.27) 3.48 (2.57 - 4.69) 6.90 (5.35 - 8.85) 1.61 (1.06 - 2.45)
Massachusetts 2.67 (2.09 - 3.39) 4.03 (3.02 - 5.36) 9.59 (7.55 - 12.11) 1.30 (0.84 - 2.01)
Michigan 2.52 (2.20 - 2.90) 4.51 (3.82 - 5.30) 7.67 (6.72 - 8.75) 1.38 (1.07 - 1.78)
Minnesota 2.33 (1.78 - 3.03) 3.82 (2.90 - 5.02) 6.93 (5.37 - 8.89) 1.34 (0.87 - 2.04)
Mississippi 1.96 (1.45 - 2.65) 2.98 (2.18 - 4.06) 6.02 (4.54 - 7.95) 1.06 (0.63 - 1.77)
Missouri 2.55 (1.99 - 3.28) 4.32 (3.28 - 5.67) 7.61 (5.98 - 9.64) 1.49 (0.99 - 2.24)
Montana 2.73 (2.11 - 3.53) 4.14 (3.17 - 5.39) 8.26 (6.50 - 10.44) 1.61 (1.06 - 2.44)
Nebraska 2.02 (1.51 - 2.69) 3.94 (2.93 - 5.29) 5.47 (4.12 - 7.25) 1.11 (0.68 - 1.80)
Nevada 3.10 (2.35 - 4.09) 5.33 (4.08 - 6.94) 8.37 (6.46 - 10.78) 2.04 (1.33 - 3.10)
New Hampshire 2.81 (2.17 - 3.62) 4.95 (3.80 - 6.41) 8.34 (6.51 - 10.62) 1.70 (1.13 - 2.54)
New Jersey 2.07 (1.59 - 2.69) 3.91 (2.98 - 5.11) 6.75 (5.25 - 8.64) 1.13 (0.73 - 1.76)
New Mexico 3.38 (2.60 - 4.38) 5.97 (4.58 - 7.74) 8.79 (6.87 - 11.19) 2.03 (1.30 - 3.15)
New York 2.76 (2.37 - 3.22) 3.98 (3.33 - 4.74) 8.36 (7.29 - 9.57) 1.62 (1.23 - 2.13)
North Carolina 2.22 (1.69 - 2.91) 3.64 (2.77 - 4.76) 6.70 (5.14 - 8.68) 1.32 (0.85 - 2.04)
North Dakota 1.79 (1.33 - 2.41) 3.31 (2.42 - 4.49) 4.95 (3.65 - 6.68) 0.88 (0.52 - 1.47)
Ohio 2.75 (2.39 - 3.16) 4.87 (4.16 - 5.68) 8.36 (7.33 - 9.52) 1.55 (1.19 - 2.01)
Oklahoma 2.43 (1.83 - 3.22) 3.90 (2.91 - 5.23) 6.28 (4.78 - 8.21) 1.52 (0.98 - 2.35)
Oregon 2.96 (2.32 - 3.79) 4.71 (3.62 - 6.10) 8.88 (7.15 - 11.00) 1.84 (1.24 - 2.73)
Pennsylvania 1.91 (1.62 - 2.25) 3.31 (2.74 - 3.99) 6.33 (5.46 - 7.32) 1.02 (0.75 - 1.38)
Rhode Island 3.93 (3.04 - 5.06) 4.91 (3.70 - 6.49) 12.04 (9.56 - 15.06) 2.30 (1.49 - 3.53)
South Carolina 2.73 (2.10 - 3.54) 4.41 (3.39 - 5.71) 7.33 (5.73 - 9.32) 1.77 (1.18 - 2.64)
South Dakota 1.95 (1.49 - 2.54) 3.55 (2.67 - 4.71) 5.93 (4.57 - 7.66) 1.01 (0.63 - 1.61)
Tennessee 2.45 (1.88 - 3.19) 3.86 (2.90 - 5.12) 7.43 (5.85 - 9.40) 1.52 (0.99 - 2.31)
Texas 2.56 (2.19 - 2.98) 4.63 (3.91 - 5.47) 6.60 (5.69 - 7.63) 1.49 (1.13 - 1.95)
Utah 2.64 (2.05 - 3.38) 4.55 (3.48 - 5.93) 5.86 (4.45 - 7.67) 1.49 (0.98 - 2.25)
Vermont 2.56 (1.99 - 3.29) 4.15 (3.18 - 5.39) 8.59 (6.81 - 10.78) 1.39 (0.90 - 2.13)
Virginia 2.58 (1.99 - 3.34) 4.14 (3.15 - 5.41) 7.67 (6.00 - 9.75) 1.53 (1.01 - 2.30)
Washington 2.22 (1.71 - 2.86) 4.07 (3.08 - 5.37) 6.80 (5.31 - 8.66) 1.25 (0.81 - 1.90)
West Virginia 2.49 (1.91 - 3.24) 4.08 (3.10 - 5.34) 7.40 (5.76 - 9.46) 1.61 (1.07 - 2.41)
Wisconsin 2.20 (1.68 - 2.87) 3.82 (2.85 - 5.09) 6.38 (4.99 - 8.13) 1.28 (0.84 - 1.97)
Wyoming 2.26 (1.73 - 2.93) 4.19 (3.20 - 5.47) 6.51 (5.02 - 8.41) 1.25 (0.81 - 1.94)
91007
Table B.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 7.06   4.96   16.41   5.72  
Northeast 6.70 (6.30 - 7.13) 4.67 (4.27 - 5.11) 16.62 (15.75 - 17.53) 5.30 (4.83 - 5.81)
Midwest 7.71 (7.37 - 8.07) 5.43 (5.07 - 5.82) 18.18 (17.46 - 18.93) 6.21 (5.79 - 6.65)
South 6.63 (6.30 - 6.98) 4.46 (4.13 - 4.81) 14.87 (14.20 - 15.56) 5.53 (5.13 - 5.95)
West 7.39 (6.94 - 7.86) 5.49 (4.97 - 6.06) 16.93 (15.96 - 17.93) 5.92 (5.40 - 6.50)
Alabama 5.86 (4.87 - 7.04) 4.32 (3.34 - 5.57) 12.45 (10.42 - 14.82) 4.94 (3.86 - 6.31)
Alaska 7.10 (5.97 - 8.42) 5.13 (4.02 - 6.53) 16.59 (13.97 - 19.58) 5.62 (4.38 - 7.17)
Arizona 7.64 (6.40 - 9.08) 5.84 (4.57 - 7.45) 17.06 (14.29 - 20.24) 6.28 (4.97 - 7.91)
Arkansas 6.57 (5.57 - 7.73) 5.19 (4.11 - 6.55) 15.17 (12.86 - 17.81) 5.34 (4.26 - 6.67)
California 7.22 (6.54 - 7.97) 5.46 (4.67 - 6.37) 16.39 (14.96 - 17.93) 5.74 (4.94 - 6.65)
Colorado 8.60 (7.37 - 10.01) 6.49 (5.15 - 8.14) 21.95 (19.03 - 25.18) 6.63 (5.31 - 8.26)
Connecticut 7.78 (6.59 - 9.17) 6.04 (4.76 - 7.65) 18.46 (15.87 - 21.36) 6.32 (5.03 - 7.93)
Delaware 6.85 (5.72 - 8.19) 4.58 (3.58 - 5.84) 16.77 (14.15 - 19.76) 5.49 (4.27 - 7.02)
District of Columbia 8.96 (7.60 - 10.54) 3.30 (2.41 - 4.50) 18.52 (15.80 - 21.59) 7.40 (5.89 - 9.25)
Florida 6.90 (6.14 - 7.74) 4.68 (3.98 - 5.51) 14.72 (13.29 - 16.27) 6.00 (5.12 - 7.02)
Georgia 6.14 (5.10 - 7.37) 3.75 (2.90 - 4.85) 13.66 (11.41 - 16.27) 5.19 (4.06 - 6.62)
Hawaii 8.00 (6.51 - 9.81) 5.19 (3.84 - 6.98) 17.61 (14.77 - 20.87) 6.81 (5.13 - 8.98)
Idaho 6.64 (5.60 - 7.86) 5.18 (4.08 - 6.56) 15.87 (13.45 - 18.64) 5.21 (4.10 - 6.61)
Illinois 8.01 (7.24 - 8.85) 5.02 (4.30 - 5.85) 18.53 (16.97 - 20.20) 6.53 (5.63 - 7.55)
Indiana 6.22 (5.20 - 7.42) 4.83 (3.75 - 6.20) 15.29 (13.03 - 17.85) 4.86 (3.77 - 6.25)
Iowa 7.88 (6.74 - 9.20) 5.93 (4.73 - 7.41) 17.83 (15.24 - 20.74) 6.36 (5.11 - 7.89)
Kansas 7.87 (6.67 - 9.28) 5.41 (4.23 - 6.89) 19.91 (17.03 - 23.13) 5.95 (4.67 - 7.55)
Kentucky 5.32 (4.37 - 6.46) 3.96 (3.02 - 5.18) 11.96 (9.92 - 14.35) 4.44 (3.41 - 5.77)
Louisiana 6.93 (5.81 - 8.25) 4.08 (3.14 - 5.27) 14.01 (11.88 - 16.45) 5.95 (4.67 - 7.55)
Maine 6.50 (5.46 - 7.73) 5.02 (3.93 - 6.39) 17.03 (14.52 - 19.88) 5.20 (4.09 - 6.60)
Maryland 7.00 (5.88 - 8.33) 4.41 (3.41 - 5.70) 16.12 (13.71 - 18.85) 5.82 (4.58 - 7.37)
Massachusetts 7.75 (6.56 - 9.15) 5.09 (3.94 - 6.56) 18.80 (16.06 - 21.88) 6.16 (4.89 - 7.72)
Michigan 7.32 (6.63 - 8.07) 5.26 (4.55 - 6.07) 16.80 (15.44 - 18.26) 5.99 (5.17 - 6.91)
Minnesota 9.38 (7.98 - 10.99) 6.29 (5.00 - 7.89) 22.53 (19.53 - 25.85) 7.49 (5.96 - 9.38)
Mississippi 5.98 (4.94 - 7.21) 3.86 (2.96 - 5.00) 13.26 (11.09 - 15.77) 4.94 (3.79 - 6.41)
Missouri 7.16 (6.10 - 8.39) 5.39 (4.22 - 6.87) 17.28 (14.78 - 20.10) 5.71 (4.56 - 7.14)
Montana 8.33 (7.19 - 9.65) 6.33 (5.03 - 7.96) 21.76 (18.89 - 24.94) 6.31 (5.08 - 7.82)
Nebraska 8.22 (6.99 - 9.64) 6.08 (4.79 - 7.69) 18.35 (15.59 - 21.47) 6.60 (5.26 - 8.24)
Nevada 7.67 (6.40 - 9.17) 5.71 (4.44 - 7.31) 17.31 (14.61 - 20.40) 6.50 (5.11 - 8.24)
New Hampshire 7.50 (6.37 - 8.81) 5.49 (4.31 - 6.96) 19.74 (16.88 - 22.96) 5.88 (4.67 - 7.38)
New Jersey 6.44 (5.37 - 7.71) 4.24 (3.28 - 5.47) 16.36 (13.95 - 19.09) 5.21 (4.07 - 6.65)
New Mexico 7.66 (6.45 - 9.09) 5.63 (4.39 - 7.21) 18.63 (15.88 - 21.73) 5.92 (4.63 - 7.55)
New York 6.63 (5.95 - 7.38) 4.64 (3.99 - 5.39) 16.29 (14.82 - 17.87) 5.17 (4.38 - 6.08)
North Carolina 6.55 (5.49 - 7.78) 4.10 (3.19 - 5.26) 15.42 (12.94 - 18.26) 5.43 (4.28 - 6.86)
North Dakota 8.74 (7.59 - 10.06) 6.23 (4.94 - 7.82) 20.75 (18.14 - 23.62) 6.34 (5.08 - 7.89)
Ohio 7.52 (6.82 - 8.27) 5.39 (4.68 - 6.20) 16.92 (15.57 - 18.36) 6.24 (5.43 - 7.17)
Oklahoma 6.59 (5.52 - 7.84) 4.49 (3.42 - 5.87) 16.14 (13.49 - 19.20) 5.12 (4.01 - 6.50)
Oregon 7.29 (6.13 - 8.64) 5.45 (4.31 - 6.88) 16.04 (13.77 - 18.60) 6.16 (4.90 - 7.71)
Pennsylvania 5.98 (5.36 - 6.67) 4.22 (3.58 - 4.96) 15.10 (13.79 - 16.52) 4.70 (3.98 - 5.55)
Rhode Island 7.55 (6.36 - 8.95) 5.28 (4.12 - 6.75) 17.86 (15.15 - 20.94) 5.92 (4.62 - 7.55)
South Carolina 7.03 (5.91 - 8.33) 4.27 (3.31 - 5.48) 15.00 (12.66 - 17.68) 6.08 (4.84 - 7.60)
South Dakota 8.39 (7.22 - 9.74) 5.81 (4.63 - 7.25) 21.37 (18.61 - 24.42) 6.37 (5.10 - 7.92)
Tennessee 6.41 (5.34 - 7.66) 4.39 (3.40 - 5.66) 15.22 (12.92 - 17.86) 5.30 (4.15 - 6.75)
Texas 6.76 (6.10 - 7.49) 4.80 (4.12 - 5.59) 14.66 (13.31 - 16.12) 5.56 (4.78 - 6.45)
Utah 6.18 (5.14 - 7.43) 3.94 (2.99 - 5.18) 12.78 (10.40 - 15.60) 4.88 (3.75 - 6.33)
Vermont 7.13 (6.05 - 8.40) 5.41 (4.32 - 6.76) 18.16 (15.70 - 20.91) 5.54 (4.37 - 6.99)
Virginia 7.28 (6.14 - 8.60) 4.91 (3.82 - 6.29) 18.27 (15.63 - 21.25) 5.72 (4.52 - 7.22)
Washington 7.34 (6.26 - 8.60) 5.15 (4.06 - 6.51) 17.64 (15.13 - 20.47) 5.97 (4.80 - 7.41)
West Virginia 5.92 (4.92 - 7.10) 4.51 (3.49 - 5.80) 15.30 (12.84 - 18.14) 4.71 (3.67 - 6.03)
Wisconsin 8.33 (7.12 - 9.71) 6.17 (4.89 - 7.78) 20.69 (18.13 - 23.50) 6.50 (5.19 - 8.12)
Wyoming 8.20 (7.06 - 9.50) 6.87 (5.55 - 8.48) 18.73 (16.17 - 21.60) 6.50 (5.22 - 8.06)
91007
Table B.23 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Because of question changes preceding the 2008 adult MDE module, MDE data from 2008 and 2007 for adults 18 or older are not comparable. Therefore, only estimates for youths aged 12 to 17 are shown for MDE. For details, see Section A.10 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Total U.S. 8.21  
Northeast 7.92 (7.39 - 8.49)
Midwest 8.39 (7.94 - 8.87)
South 8.18 (7.73 - 8.66)
West 8.30 (7.69 - 8.96)
Alabama 8.27 (6.81 - 10.01)
Alaska 7.64 (6.27 - 9.28)
Arizona 8.95 (7.34 - 10.87)
Arkansas 8.86 (7.42 - 10.55)
California 7.87 (6.94 - 8.93)
Colorado 8.84 (7.37 - 10.56)
Connecticut 8.15 (6.73 - 9.84)
Delaware 8.12 (6.67 - 9.85)
District of Columbia 7.17 (5.81 - 8.82)
Florida 7.67 (6.76 - 8.69)
Georgia 8.24 (6.78 - 9.97)
Hawaii 8.33 (6.73 - 10.27)
Idaho 8.57 (7.14 - 10.26)
Illinois 7.51 (6.62 - 8.50)
Indiana 9.00 (7.47 - 10.81)
Iowa 7.72 (6.40 - 9.28)
Kansas 8.93 (7.37 - 10.78)
Kentucky 9.36 (7.84 - 11.15)
Louisiana 7.95 (6.53 - 9.66)
Maine 8.43 (6.98 - 10.15)
Maryland 6.97 (5.71 - 8.48)
Massachusetts 8.35 (6.92 - 10.05)
Michigan 8.27 (7.33 - 9.32)
Minnesota 9.48 (7.97 - 11.23)
Mississippi 7.33 (5.99 - 8.93)
Missouri 8.68 (7.17 - 10.47)
Montana 8.62 (7.16 - 10.33)
Nebraska 7.53 (6.07 - 9.30)
Nevada 8.18 (6.70 - 9.95)
New Hampshire 8.86 (7.41 - 10.56)
New Jersey 7.76 (6.44 - 9.33)
New Mexico 8.87 (7.31 - 10.73)
New York 7.99 (7.08 - 9.01)
North Carolina 8.97 (7.52 - 10.65)
North Dakota 8.69 (7.28 - 10.34)
Ohio 8.31 (7.41 - 9.32)
Oklahoma 8.43 (6.89 - 10.27)
Oregon 9.28 (7.72 - 11.11)
Pennsylvania 7.44 (6.56 - 8.44)
Rhode Island 8.46 (7.03 - 10.16)
South Carolina 8.68 (7.18 - 10.45)
South Dakota 8.20 (6.75 - 9.93)
Tennessee 8.84 (7.30 - 10.68)
Texas 7.60 (6.71 - 8.61)
Utah 9.14 (7.63 - 10.92)
Vermont 8.07 (6.68 - 9.73)
Virginia 9.67 (8.05 - 11.57)
Washington 8.57 (7.15 - 10.24)
West Virginia 9.14 (7.64 - 10.91)
Wisconsin 9.19 (7.64 - 11.01)
Wyoming 10.03 (8.38 - 11.95)

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