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Appendix D:
Comparison of the 2002-2003 and the 2007-2008
Model-Based Estimates
(50 States and the District of Columbia)

91208
Table D.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 8.25 8.02 0.216 11.44a 9.40 0.000 20.24 19.69 0.224 5.72 5.84 0.626
Northeast 8.45 8.15 0.330 11.87a 9.61 0.000 23.71a 22.05 0.040 5.58 5.64 0.868
Midwest 7.96 7.70 0.279 11.11a 9.39 0.000 19.93 19.31 0.312 5.38 5.47 0.749
South 7.64 7.30 0.133 11.03a 8.85 0.000 18.82 17.85 0.108 5.23 5.31 0.782
West 9.32 9.38 0.872 12.04a 10.09 0.000 20.06 21.00 0.246 6.96 7.18 0.626
Alabama 6.62 6.73 0.866 9.65 8.25 0.212 15.94 16.74 0.654 4.57 4.84 0.715
Alaska 12.01 11.79 0.842 13.34b 10.95 0.094 27.29 24.49 0.276 9.17 9.53 0.800
Arizona 8.87 8.95 0.928 12.61b 10.07 0.066 18.88 20.35 0.485 6.53 6.87 0.738
Arkansas 7.78 7.96 0.804 11.72a 8.42 0.005 21.05 20.21 0.686 4.89 5.90 0.220
California 9.01 9.07 0.919 11.44a 9.69 0.036 18.83 20.78 0.111 6.86 6.77 0.893
Colorado 11.12 11.72 0.562 13.83 12.12 0.266 25.52 26.83 0.595 8.24 9.15 0.451
Connecticut 8.75 8.23 0.489 12.43b 10.06 0.086 25.58 22.41 0.172 5.82 5.76 0.945
Delaware 8.74 9.14 0.604 13.54a 10.02 0.010 25.77 25.14 0.797 5.19 6.36 0.173
District of Columbia 11.59 12.13 0.628 11.54 11.03 0.736 26.23 26.26 0.993 8.71 9.12 0.755
Florida 8.72b 7.80 0.081 11.42a 9.05 0.004 21.32a 18.86 0.048 6.58 6.03 0.384
Georgia 7.54 7.27 0.704 10.43a 8.07 0.046 17.51 18.26 0.702 5.31 5.29 0.983
Hawaii 8.90 9.92 0.347 13.97a 9.96 0.013 19.31 21.11 0.437 6.56 8.15 0.216
Idaho 7.24 8.00 0.278 11.02 9.70 0.289 15.80 17.96 0.241 4.86 5.98 0.164
Illinois 7.50 7.17 0.447 10.83a 8.57 0.002 20.22a 17.71 0.032 4.80 5.09 0.576
Indiana 8.07 8.79 0.332 10.15 10.89 0.577 20.67 20.75 0.969 5.45 6.49 0.217
Iowa 6.47a 4.08 0.000 9.22b 7.10 0.072 15.80a 9.99 0.001 4.33a 2.64 0.011
Kansas 6.74 6.77 0.962 9.33 8.85 0.707 16.67 15.74 0.621 4.43 4.80 0.622
Kentucky 8.33 8.41 0.914 11.70b 9.25 0.059 18.43 20.40 0.336 6.15 6.43 0.760
Louisiana 8.07 7.16 0.190 10.76b 8.48 0.078 20.54b 17.17 0.083 5.17 5.04 0.868
Maine 9.31 9.09 0.788 12.58 11.18 0.317 25.20 24.54 0.770 6.52 6.69 0.861
Maryland 7.57 7.29 0.675 10.76 9.12 0.177 22.02 19.25 0.202 4.85 5.06 0.785
Massachusetts 9.28 8.87 0.616 13.94a 10.35 0.011 27.46 24.41 0.208 5.81 6.00 0.841
Michigan 9.06 8.95 0.832 12.80a 10.33 0.004 21.22 22.89 0.160 6.42 6.40 0.973
Minnesota 7.59 8.24 0.366 11.59b 9.26 0.063 19.28 22.41 0.151 4.91 5.65 0.349
Mississippi 6.56 6.39 0.774 10.59a 7.33 0.007 16.33 15.24 0.561 3.98 4.62 0.366
Missouri 9.17a 7.38 0.023 10.05 8.78 0.287 21.37 18.70 0.181 6.90b 5.32 0.080
Montana 10.58 10.02 0.563 15.57a 11.29 0.005 22.34 25.04 0.229 7.77 7.32 0.690
Nebraska 7.67b 6.43 0.055 12.71a 8.85 0.004 18.91 16.29 0.171 4.78 4.25 0.464
Nevada 10.30 9.35 0.306 12.46 11.31 0.427 22.02 21.09 0.677 8.17 7.37 0.462
New Hampshire 11.15 10.73 0.673 14.46b 11.72 0.078 29.61 29.21 0.877 7.82 7.78 0.975
New Jersey 6.97 6.42 0.393 10.42b 8.22 0.075 21.36 18.87 0.241 4.48 4.30 0.793
New Mexico 10.00 8.71 0.180 14.16 11.80 0.162 22.17 20.10 0.374 7.08 6.19 0.424
New York 8.90 9.03 0.815 11.68a 9.98 0.040 23.89 23.62 0.837 6.07 6.32 0.689
North Carolina 7.92 7.75 0.800 13.62a 9.84 0.007 20.35 19.49 0.669 5.09 5.59 0.516
North Dakota 7.22b 5.91 0.059 11.64a 7.89 0.004 18.02a 13.56 0.016 4.35 3.93 0.582
Ohio 8.04 7.61 0.330 11.39a 9.66 0.023 20.64 19.62 0.369 5.42 5.36 0.913
Oklahoma 8.58 8.09 0.556 12.23b 9.55 0.052 18.97 17.75 0.556 6.06 6.12 0.944
Oregon 10.84 12.18 0.211 12.30 12.19 0.942 24.72 26.04 0.545 8.30 10.04 0.176
Pennsylvania 7.50a 6.57 0.033 11.28a 8.70 0.001 20.54a 17.61 0.014 4.91 4.50 0.417
Rhode Island 10.95a 13.34 0.028 13.25 12.42 0.620 32.44 33.05 0.818 6.75a 9.80 0.019
South Carolina 7.23 6.70 0.422 11.05b 8.68 0.068 19.54 16.25 0.103 4.54 4.88 0.638
South Dakota 7.15 6.28 0.196 13.26a 8.54 0.001 17.92 16.21 0.364 4.13 4.17 0.951
Tennessee 6.70a 8.22 0.041 9.23 8.82 0.736 16.16a 20.33 0.045 4.78b 6.29 0.078
Texas 6.97b 6.26 0.082 10.18a 8.64 0.044 16.54 14.88 0.122 4.59 4.28 0.525
Utah 6.32 6.24 0.910 8.76 8.31 0.704 12.69 12.94 0.884 4.00 4.20 0.802
Vermont 10.96 11.64 0.503 16.67a 13.09 0.039 29.58 30.77 0.642 6.99 8.34 0.255
Virginia 7.68 7.33 0.628 11.88b 9.52 0.074 20.53 19.54 0.635 5.03 5.00 0.975
Washington 9.96 9.59 0.683 13.49a 9.60 0.007 24.65b 20.46 0.051 6.96 7.84 0.411
West Virginia 6.61 6.79 0.776 11.70a 8.97 0.026 17.37 17.34 0.989 4.29 5.01 0.289
Wisconsin 7.48 8.67 0.107 10.73 9.93 0.546 18.85 21.54 0.170 4.98 6.33 0.113
Wyoming 7.51 6.82 0.334 10.05 9.97 0.949 18.36 17.16 0.555 5.07 4.58 0.532
91208
Table D.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 10.78a 10.22 0.002 15.38a 12.74 0.000 29.13a 27.52 0.001 6.95 6.91 0.858
Northeast 11.69a 10.64 0.002 16.39a 13.26 0.000 33.77a 31.10 0.002 7.58b 6.90 0.079
Midwest 10.80a 10.10 0.007 15.46a 12.64 0.000 29.83a 27.93 0.006 6.75 6.68 0.830
South 9.62 9.25 0.138 14.64a 11.86 0.000 25.90a 24.17 0.008 6.09 6.40 0.282
West 11.84 11.51 0.384 15.63a 13.77 0.003 29.86 29.43 0.644 7.99 7.97 0.957
Alabama 8.35 8.04 0.661 12.75 10.80 0.145 23.79 20.67 0.123 5.03 5.54 0.511
Alaska 16.65 14.92 0.177 18.87a 15.03 0.038 38.90a 33.41 0.041 12.46 11.42 0.511
Arizona 10.48 10.36 0.887 16.96a 13.66 0.045 27.54 27.87 0.892 6.46 6.95 0.606
Arkansas 10.22 10.65 0.612 15.76a 11.41 0.005 28.89 27.49 0.557 6.15b 7.80 0.082
California 11.33 11.53 0.735 14.11 13.20 0.334 28.29 29.33 0.450 7.81 7.91 0.882
Colorado 15.08 13.64 0.195 19.55 16.61 0.120 36.57 35.52 0.676 10.73 9.62 0.376
Connecticut 11.78 11.34 0.624 17.58a 13.53 0.017 38.82 34.61 0.121 7.09 7.40 0.751
Delaware 11.65 11.66 0.996 18.20a 13.72 0.008 33.24 34.37 0.658 7.09 7.62 0.604
District of Columbia 15.09 15.58 0.698 14.83 13.82 0.533 37.61 36.70 0.737 10.68 11.07 0.787
Florida 11.36a 9.67 0.005 16.13a 12.30 0.000 29.83a 26.06 0.007 8.13b 6.98 0.093
Georgia 9.61 10.28 0.428 14.20 12.19 0.173 23.85 24.86 0.645 6.36 7.53 0.198
Hawaii 11.56 10.50 0.320 18.09a 13.59 0.020 30.20 29.11 0.671 7.70 7.20 0.674
Idaho 9.26 9.37 0.884 14.63 12.52 0.170 24.37 25.27 0.682 5.27 6.08 0.309
Illinois 9.99 9.81 0.712 14.46a 11.74 0.002 29.61a 26.05 0.006 5.90 6.63 0.186
Indiana 10.33 10.26 0.940 13.95 13.16 0.608 28.44 27.31 0.624 6.48 6.99 0.581
Iowa 9.32a 6.23 0.000 13.39a 9.57 0.008 25.88a 17.95 0.000 5.63a 3.72 0.008
Kansas 9.08 9.00 0.917 13.24 11.79 0.338 25.44 25.09 0.878 5.29 5.59 0.707
Kentucky 10.30 9.78 0.534 16.32a 12.57 0.012 26.21 25.54 0.768 6.78 6.97 0.828
Louisiana 9.82 8.97 0.281 13.02b 10.68 0.089 27.52a 22.74 0.029 5.78 6.05 0.751
Maine 12.34 12.12 0.811 18.76b 15.63 0.062 37.34 36.36 0.697 7.80 8.33 0.608
Maryland 10.54 10.37 0.833 14.75 12.84 0.201 30.31 28.59 0.484 6.84 7.00 0.864
Massachusetts 15.45a 12.28 0.004 20.15a 15.43 0.008 38.19 35.72 0.370 11.24a 7.84 0.005
Michigan 12.61b 11.53 0.052 17.03a 13.56 0.000 32.38 32.12 0.847 8.55 7.75 0.233
Minnesota 11.40 11.30 0.913 17.30a 12.32 0.002 30.34 33.15 0.249 7.13 7.38 0.804
Mississippi 7.98 7.22 0.274 11.01 9.10 0.133 22.06 18.96 0.140 4.68 4.78 0.889
Missouri 11.91a 9.47 0.003 16.15a 12.22 0.008 31.48a 25.45 0.008 7.87 6.47 0.115
Montana 13.83 12.32 0.123 21.07a 16.30 0.011 35.15 35.06 0.972 9.00 7.98 0.350
Nebraska 10.39b 8.81 0.053 16.42a 11.53 0.002 27.17 23.82 0.141 6.29 5.62 0.446
Nevada 12.01 10.80 0.218 19.67a 15.03 0.010 29.02 27.54 0.572 8.31 7.78 0.634
New Hampshire 16.30 14.50 0.157 20.52b 17.17 0.076 44.61 41.54 0.247 11.31 10.04 0.401
New Jersey 8.64 8.41 0.749 14.03a 10.46 0.013 29.40 26.91 0.316 5.00 5.33 0.660
New Mexico 12.30a 10.34 0.031 19.03b 15.75 0.091 33.80a 28.30 0.036 7.24 6.29 0.336
New York 12.22 11.55 0.268 15.98b 14.18 0.078 33.60 32.31 0.369 8.20 7.53 0.335
North Carolina 9.83 10.23 0.620 16.97a 13.43 0.022 26.70 27.17 0.838 6.05 7.11 0.247
North Dakota 9.81 8.59 0.104 16.18a 10.61 0.000 28.80a 24.18 0.049 4.95 4.80 0.839
Ohio 10.91 10.24 0.197 15.33 13.82 0.102 30.34 28.74 0.224 6.96 6.73 0.703
Oklahoma 9.50 8.38 0.148 15.34a 11.50 0.021 25.47a 20.45 0.023 5.60 5.74 0.860
Oregon 13.78 14.09 0.772 17.38 16.57 0.643 36.44 36.96 0.838 9.47 10.27 0.519
Pennsylvania 9.88a 8.46 0.005 15.24a 11.37 0.000 29.95a 24.82 0.000 5.95 5.42 0.353
Rhode Island 15.22 15.81 0.631 18.29 17.72 0.774 45.71 44.05 0.572 9.29 10.33 0.464
South Carolina 9.67 8.56 0.147 13.44 11.32 0.146 27.75a 23.50 0.047 5.96 5.77 0.820
South Dakota 9.83a 8.27 0.027 17.65a 11.35 0.000 28.35 24.86 0.143 5.02 4.83 0.792
Tennessee 7.36a 10.12 0.001 12.15 11.73 0.771 21.07a 26.14 0.025 4.44a 7.47 0.001
Texas 8.56b 7.73 0.054 13.91a 10.98 0.001 22.28b 20.13 0.066 5.01 4.90 0.814
Utah 8.17b 6.96 0.096 11.08 9.71 0.320 20.77b 16.71 0.057 3.93 4.00 0.915
Vermont 15.93 15.47 0.687 22.69a 17.86 0.016 44.56 44.24 0.908 10.10 10.50 0.769
Virginia 9.69 9.89 0.796 15.47 13.19 0.143 29.57 27.54 0.395 5.68 6.50 0.333
Washington 13.50 12.20 0.182 17.64a 14.19 0.039 36.16a 30.75 0.033 9.05 8.98 0.950
West Virginia 9.16 8.73 0.571 16.92a 12.69 0.008 27.87b 24.01 0.097 5.24 6.08 0.298
Wisconsin 10.01 10.70 0.390 15.84 13.56 0.153 30.00 31.04 0.651 5.61 6.88 0.140
Wyoming 10.45 9.81 0.464 14.46 14.83 0.817 28.79 27.03 0.478 6.38 6.10 0.769
91208
Table D.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 6.18 5.96 0.120 8.03a 6.67 0.000 17.17b 16.45 0.081 4.01 4.06 0.789
Northeast 6.78b 6.31 0.062 8.84a 7.31 0.000 21.00a 19.34 0.028 4.26 4.00 0.392
Midwest 6.14 5.91 0.242 8.17a 6.78 0.000 17.21b 16.30 0.095 3.88 4.00 0.609
South 5.49 5.24 0.183 7.40a 6.00 0.000 15.32 14.43 0.103 3.51 3.60 0.712
West 6.81 6.85 0.892 8.22a 7.10 0.010 17.05 17.43 0.606 4.73 4.90 0.631
Alabama 4.32 4.57 0.599 6.37 5.23 0.202 12.47 12.92 0.775 2.60 3.06 0.377
Alaska 9.78 9.18 0.569 11.08a 8.03 0.025 23.99 20.24 0.104 7.14 7.28 0.914
Arizona 5.68 5.80 0.842 7.74 6.54 0.240 15.18 16.08 0.637 3.67 3.96 0.674
Arkansas 5.63 5.48 0.785 7.97a 5.71 0.020 16.48 15.46 0.587 3.39 3.82 0.501
California 6.50 6.67 0.699 7.66 6.86 0.218 16.09 17.27 0.272 4.57 4.64 0.899
Colorado 8.49 9.24 0.402 9.82 9.10 0.567 21.67 23.44 0.432 6.01 6.88 0.398
Connecticut 6.94 6.49 0.489 9.22 7.77 0.223 23.62b 19.72 0.084 4.22 4.24 0.980
Delaware 6.89 7.10 0.749 9.41a 7.21 0.049 22.06 22.03 0.993 3.96 4.61 0.352
District of Columbia 9.60 9.60 0.998 7.43 7.18 0.814 24.14 23.60 0.839 6.93 6.74 0.854
Florida 6.58a 5.58 0.026 8.52a 6.53 0.005 17.68b 15.61 0.063 4.75 4.00 0.151
Georgia 4.93 5.39 0.396 6.87 5.40 0.110 13.01 14.69 0.344 3.18 3.80 0.288
Hawaii 6.95 6.73 0.793 10.23a 7.07 0.018 17.00 17.19 0.927 4.90 5.03 0.897
Idaho 5.09 5.72 0.246 7.92 6.97 0.353 12.47 14.50 0.216 3.10 3.98 0.150
Illinois 5.60 5.43 0.626 7.61a 6.21 0.026 17.43a 14.57 0.007 3.23 3.68 0.291
Indiana 6.12 6.26 0.823 7.37 7.55 0.867 17.19 16.87 0.862 3.91 4.29 0.583
Iowa 4.90a 3.23 0.000 7.10a 5.02 0.022 13.14a 8.52 0.002 3.04a 2.05 0.040
Kansas 4.91 5.07 0.761 7.39 6.21 0.237 13.92 13.38 0.739 2.79 3.35 0.319
Kentucky 5.62 5.61 0.992 8.16 6.42 0.109 14.15 15.87 0.335 3.82 3.90 0.894
Louisiana 5.77 5.00 0.166 6.92b 5.23 0.077 17.04b 13.62 0.065 3.33 3.30 0.958
Maine 7.95 8.16 0.797 10.56 9.06 0.254 23.22 23.36 0.951 5.33 5.93 0.525
Maryland 5.73 5.35 0.497 7.87 6.26 0.115 19.43 16.42 0.116 3.27 3.38 0.853
Massachusetts 7.80 7.10 0.317 10.53b 8.11 0.055 24.54 21.97 0.280 4.79 4.39 0.588
Michigan 7.20 7.03 0.704 9.23a 7.36 0.006 18.49 19.20 0.520 4.95 4.91 0.943
Minnesota 6.37 7.11 0.252 8.92a 6.61 0.033 17.49b 20.87 0.099 4.00 4.80 0.267
Mississippi 4.64 4.35 0.569 6.04a 4.47 0.048 12.99 11.40 0.344 2.74 3.03 0.617
Missouri 6.76a 5.42 0.027 7.43 6.29 0.226 18.55b 15.32 0.079 4.59 3.67 0.166
Montana 9.17 8.29 0.315 12.07a 8.60 0.008 20.66 22.87 0.311 6.71 5.79 0.370
Nebraska 5.97b 4.95 0.078 9.13a 6.24 0.007 15.61 13.51 0.254 3.66 3.16 0.421
Nevada 7.62b 6.18 0.062 9.58b 7.52 0.079 18.29 16.35 0.341 5.68 4.51 0.172
New Hampshire 10.23 9.02 0.222 11.79b 9.42 0.090 27.31 26.46 0.718 7.36 6.32 0.361
New Jersey 5.05 4.84 0.698 7.33b 5.70 0.097 17.89 15.95 0.328 2.93 3.04 0.845
New Mexico 7.37b 6.15 0.093 10.35 8.19 0.106 18.98 16.35 0.203 4.74 3.99 0.350
New York 7.34 6.94 0.380 8.76 7.81 0.181 21.44 21.31 0.911 4.82 4.29 0.310
North Carolina 5.89 5.99 0.862 8.44 6.85 0.115 17.22 16.50 0.708 3.66 4.20 0.402
North Dakota 5.35 4.99 0.548 7.58a 5.29 0.016 15.35a 11.52 0.028 2.94 3.48 0.419
Ohio 6.49 5.86 0.103 8.74a 7.38 0.046 18.22 16.84 0.195 4.17 3.84 0.473
Oklahoma 5.58 4.78 0.169 8.13a 5.97 0.040 15.51a 11.56 0.025 3.31 3.38 0.901
Oregon 8.88 8.59 0.751 9.31 8.22 0.345 22.17 21.90 0.898 6.57 6.58 0.996
Pennsylvania 5.64a 4.78 0.015 8.18a 6.37 0.005 17.66a 14.02 0.000 3.37 3.07 0.453
Rhode Island 9.56 10.90 0.173 10.86 9.46 0.325 29.93 30.31 0.883 5.70 7.48 0.124
South Carolina 5.65 4.98 0.215 7.25b 5.48 0.063 16.46 13.56 0.114 3.52 3.52 0.994
South Dakota 5.24 5.22 0.974 9.57a 6.05 0.004 14.66 14.30 0.843 2.74 3.45 0.296
Tennessee 4.59a 5.81 0.028 6.37 6.17 0.824 13.40b 16.84 0.069 2.88a 4.08 0.050
Texas 4.79 4.43 0.280 6.38 5.73 0.276 12.86 11.73 0.238 2.95 2.86 0.809
Utah 4.00 4.28 0.585 5.30 5.05 0.780 9.53 9.86 0.823 2.15 2.74 0.277
Vermont 9.77 10.17 0.678 13.32 10.86 0.104 26.95 29.64 0.296 6.34 6.92 0.609
Virginia 5.96 5.79 0.767 8.43 6.78 0.120 17.70 16.54 0.551 3.73 3.85 0.837
Washington 7.41 7.39 0.980 9.11b 7.17 0.087 21.22a 17.32 0.047 4.82 5.83 0.247
West Virginia 5.12 4.79 0.544 8.62a 6.20 0.023 14.67 14.27 0.822 3.17 3.26 0.881
Wisconsin 5.40b 6.46 0.054 7.71 7.25 0.669 15.98 18.03 0.256 3.18a 4.40 0.049
Wyoming 5.45 5.60 0.797 7.14 7.26 0.909 15.59 15.23 0.851 3.27 3.67 0.533
91208
Table D.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 39.05a 37.87 0.001 33.66 34.19 0.200 24.19 23.98 0.665 42.38a 40.74 0.000
Northeast 36.36 36.07 0.679 30.73a 32.34 0.040 20.56 21.50 0.194 39.58 38.97 0.480
Midwest 38.02a 36.36 0.003 33.94b 35.06 0.075 22.41 21.93 0.430 41.39a 39.03 0.001
South 43.56a 41.59 0.000 35.89 36.41 0.440 27.51 26.71 0.233 47.40a 44.77 0.000
West 35.24 34.89 0.645 32.25 31.36 0.313 23.64 23.69 0.954 37.80 37.40 0.681
Alabama 48.47a 44.33 0.043 39.58 41.01 0.574 30.97 28.36 0.267 52.76a 47.47 0.041
Alaska 27.54 30.04 0.175 25.38 28.83 0.190 17.53 18.19 0.736 29.65 32.46 0.238
Arizona 40.53 38.36 0.297 34.76 34.69 0.979 26.48 28.04 0.512 43.90 40.61 0.202
Arkansas 46.86a 40.76 0.003 39.51 38.84 0.797 27.94 25.08 0.188 51.23a 43.57 0.003
California 36.63 36.33 0.804 32.86 30.87 0.136 25.51 24.50 0.420 39.22 39.36 0.931
Colorado 28.74 28.37 0.839 28.97 25.99 0.199 17.51 16.29 0.516 30.67 30.68 0.995
Connecticut 34.36 35.89 0.451 27.71 29.82 0.374 17.99 20.33 0.186 37.62 39.12 0.553
Delaware 37.95 37.05 0.650 30.07 33.75 0.130 22.13 20.80 0.509 41.69 40.17 0.538
District of Columbia 33.64 30.99 0.171 28.14 26.95 0.682 19.51 18.32 0.555 36.90 34.19 0.263
Florida 42.60 42.57 0.983 34.48 35.19 0.610 26.92 26.10 0.531 45.82 45.81 0.993
Georgia 44.17a 37.74 0.001 35.25 32.58 0.258 30.63a 24.28 0.008 47.92a 40.75 0.004
Hawaii 34.25 36.54 0.283 29.60 30.40 0.745 24.59 23.24 0.569 36.43 39.35 0.269
Idaho 38.60 37.02 0.390 36.63 36.82 0.940 26.41 24.31 0.318 41.44 39.32 0.370
Illinois 38.54 38.17 0.747 33.22 35.06 0.165 22.90 23.50 0.608 42.05 41.22 0.576
Indiana 41.91a 38.04 0.039 36.55 36.12 0.853 24.32 22.93 0.491 45.90a 40.86 0.035
Iowa 44.24a 38.18 0.001 40.63 40.45 0.940 26.80 24.90 0.397 48.03a 40.26 0.001
Kansas 42.85a 38.43 0.027 38.79 38.55 0.925 24.23 23.76 0.832 47.07a 41.18 0.021
Kentucky 41.86 43.03 0.559 38.83 39.99 0.633 26.11 26.26 0.947 44.97 46.04 0.671
Louisiana 45.73 43.57 0.260 37.94 38.55 0.812 25.31b 29.38 0.073 51.01 47.02 0.106
Maine 31.33 29.94 0.492 26.71 29.21 0.282 14.91 15.18 0.871 34.37 32.09 0.357
Maryland 35.62 36.27 0.742 30.86 33.69 0.234 22.51 21.44 0.604 38.35 39.09 0.767
Massachusetts 26.82 27.56 0.688 26.76 27.86 0.626 15.07 15.79 0.692 28.70 29.56 0.707
Michigan 35.94 34.18 0.118 32.43 32.73 0.818 20.12 19.62 0.647 39.19b 36.85 0.099
Minnesota 31.11 30.63 0.799 29.53 32.27 0.228 18.15 17.75 0.834 33.69 32.66 0.665
Mississippi 49.33 48.95 0.842 38.60a 44.50 0.028 31.44 31.34 0.967 54.57 52.84 0.487
Missouri 36.69 36.81 0.955 33.96 36.53 0.289 22.99 22.70 0.890 39.49 39.18 0.905
Montana 33.27 31.98 0.510 28.46 31.63 0.181 18.13 17.70 0.807 36.66 34.44 0.373
Nebraska 41.65 40.53 0.601 33.50a 40.00 0.011 27.59b 23.46 0.069 45.53 43.82 0.528
Nevada 34.02 36.36 0.244 33.52 31.58 0.445 22.76 24.04 0.561 35.86 38.80 0.235
New Hampshire 28.34 25.82 0.188 22.61 24.08 0.507 12.94 11.82 0.476 31.53 28.17 0.164
New Jersey 41.79 39.32 0.252 35.58 35.09 0.839 23.13 22.20 0.661 45.25 42.45 0.291
New Mexico 39.36 40.02 0.755 30.44 32.17 0.497 23.00 25.34 0.303 43.80 43.79 0.996
New York 36.10 36.01 0.941 30.29 30.29 0.999 22.59 21.96 0.625 39.08 39.22 0.929
North Carolina 44.10a 38.61 0.007 36.16 34.30 0.431 25.34 25.22 0.956 48.29a 41.30 0.006
North Dakota 38.86 37.58 0.515 34.58 37.92 0.178 24.34 22.92 0.523 42.50 40.87 0.523
Ohio 39.30a 36.73 0.023 35.11 34.35 0.572 23.10 22.01 0.336 42.66a 39.47 0.026
Oklahoma 42.65 42.59 0.977 35.17b 40.17 0.060 27.13 27.12 0.998 46.70 45.75 0.721
Oregon 30.98 28.41 0.196 28.97 27.88 0.634 16.99 17.33 0.855 33.61 30.18 0.166
Pennsylvania 40.78 40.93 0.896 32.97a 38.43 0.000 21.48a 26.32 0.000 44.91 43.63 0.374
Rhode Island 31.91 32.34 0.834 25.90 29.60 0.116 16.38 15.80 0.743 35.48 35.74 0.918
South Carolina 43.44 40.75 0.185 36.41 36.04 0.879 24.77 26.48 0.428 47.68 43.68 0.111
South Dakota 37.53 37.90 0.844 35.30 36.64 0.587 21.83 23.63 0.394 40.94 40.67 0.911
Tennessee 42.06 42.85 0.686 35.74 39.65 0.106 26.26 25.90 0.873 45.53 45.83 0.901
Texas 45.42 44.79 0.560 36.30 37.12 0.574 30.65 30.57 0.955 49.77 48.63 0.412
Utah 42.42 40.94 0.422 42.42 44.22 0.511 29.72 31.87 0.404 46.15 42.71 0.166
Vermont 27.52 27.89 0.854 23.08 24.17 0.607 12.08 12.84 0.636 30.78 30.78 1.000
Virginia 40.45a 35.41 0.012 36.17 32.16 0.101 23.35 22.59 0.713 43.80a 37.98 0.020
Washington 26.80 27.71 0.609 26.99 28.88 0.412 16.30a 19.96 0.048 28.57 28.81 0.916
West Virginia 46.64 43.70 0.157 33.04a 38.79 0.022 25.76 24.76 0.645 51.58b 46.97 0.073
Wisconsin 34.52 34.77 0.898 31.12 34.07 0.233 19.86 20.65 0.678 37.63 37.26 0.880
Wyoming 38.88 37.03 0.336 34.88 38.69 0.180 21.04 21.64 0.759 42.85 39.56 0.179
91208
Table D.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 * {[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 1.81a 1.65 0.000 6.57a 5.46 0.000 6.82 6.47 0.125 0.13 0.12 0.947
Northeast 1.85a 1.64 0.003 7.10a 5.59 0.000 7.75a 6.84 0.035 0.12 0.12 0.983
Midwest 1.88a 1.73 0.010 6.47a 5.53 0.000 7.35 6.89 0.169 0.13 0.12 0.905
South 1.70a 1.49 0.000 6.50a 5.18 0.000 6.25b 5.72 0.073 0.12 0.12 0.923
West 1.89 1.84 0.538 6.38a 5.74 0.042 6.58 7.02 0.337 0.15 0.13 0.783
Alabama 1.55b 1.26 0.051 5.97a 4.50 0.043 6.23b 4.60 0.061 0.09 0.11 0.687
Alaska 2.68 2.27 0.145 7.77b 6.18 0.091 8.43 7.22 0.364 0.16 0.16 0.918
Arizona 1.73 1.65 0.642 6.42 5.48 0.247 6.01 6.69 0.529 0.14 0.12 0.777
Arkansas 1.72 1.51 0.234 6.67a 4.92 0.019 7.11 6.53 0.606 0.10 0.13 0.505
California 1.79 1.85 0.622 5.88 5.57 0.501 6.27 7.12 0.198 0.14 0.13 0.760
Colorado 2.31 2.39 0.741 7.59 7.51 0.933 8.10 9.33 0.396 0.20 0.18 0.844
Connecticut 2.03 1.90 0.530 8.31b 6.57 0.059 8.22 7.21 0.392 0.13 0.13 0.961
Delaware 1.89 1.78 0.591 7.94a 5.38 0.003 7.21 8.54 0.303 0.12 0.13 0.830
District of Columbia 1.96 2.29 0.169 6.89 6.85 0.961 8.17 8.35 0.891 0.17 0.21 0.606
Florida 1.58a 1.33 0.009 6.75a 5.16 0.000 6.44 5.84 0.308 0.12 0.11 0.756
Georgia 1.61 1.66 0.762 5.93 5.23 0.369 4.76 5.91 0.198 0.13 0.15 0.665
Hawaii 1.98 1.73 0.277 7.02 6.56 0.652 8.90 7.72 0.445 0.07 0.07 0.998
Idaho 1.93b 1.60 0.076 6.36 5.25 0.142 5.43 5.34 0.926 0.13 0.12 0.842
Illinois 1.76 1.69 0.522 6.24b 5.46 0.067 6.87 6.38 0.439 0.13 0.12 0.875
Indiana 1.71 1.74 0.866 5.48 5.79 0.688 7.54 7.37 0.884 0.13 0.11 0.736
Iowa 1.62b 1.33 0.079 5.37 4.47 0.188 7.15a 5.04 0.043 0.11 0.09 0.730
Kansas 1.70 1.66 0.833 5.13 5.30 0.821 7.68 6.48 0.290 0.11 0.11 0.974
Kentucky 1.67 1.68 0.935 6.95 6.52 0.611 6.29 6.22 0.945 0.12 0.14 0.668
Louisiana 1.76b 1.46 0.083 5.64 4.49 0.115 7.91a 5.42 0.013 0.09 0.12 0.572
Maine 2.20b 1.86 0.097 8.31a 6.38 0.029 10.35 8.51 0.209 0.13 0.14 0.739
Maryland 1.86 1.74 0.530 6.67 5.70 0.204 7.16 7.36 0.861 0.13 0.12 0.828
Massachusetts 2.06 2.15 0.669 7.74 7.16 0.515 8.17 9.04 0.536 0.16 0.15 0.820
Michigan 2.06 1.92 0.258 6.78a 5.69 0.013 7.66 7.96 0.656 0.14 0.13 0.936
Minnesota 2.06 1.79 0.183 6.86a 4.91 0.010 7.15 8.03 0.467 0.15 0.13 0.711
Mississippi 1.43 1.29 0.361 4.55 4.19 0.584 5.33 4.70 0.455 0.09 0.10 0.788
Missouri 2.02a 1.62 0.031 7.10a 5.30 0.020 7.26 6.42 0.453 0.14 0.12 0.789
Montana 2.55a 1.95 0.008 9.08a 6.80 0.014 10.20 8.47 0.244 0.12 0.11 0.874
Nebraska 1.76b 1.45 0.080 6.63a 4.99 0.032 5.99 5.06 0.332 0.11 0.10 0.813
Nevada 2.02b 1.64 0.065 8.42a 5.73 0.004 6.08 6.16 0.933 0.15 0.16 0.937
New Hampshire 2.58 2.45 0.610 8.82b 6.98 0.057 11.14 10.90 0.890 0.16 0.17 0.900
New Jersey 1.57a 1.25 0.033 6.62a 4.17 0.001 5.97 5.81 0.869 0.12 0.10 0.782
New Mexico 2.35 1.97 0.127 8.26 7.15 0.289 10.49 8.46 0.231 0.14 0.11 0.590
New York 1.88 1.70 0.121 6.85a 5.73 0.015 8.02b 6.73 0.075 0.12 0.13 0.833
North Carolina 1.81 1.71 0.561 7.81 6.44 0.106 6.81 6.40 0.699 0.11 0.13 0.525
North Dakota 1.97 1.70 0.180 6.96a 5.06 0.015 8.45 6.65 0.133 0.09 0.09 0.974
Ohio 1.86 1.79 0.522 6.62 5.97 0.159 7.30 7.00 0.639 0.12 0.13 0.685
Oklahoma 1.79a 1.41 0.038 6.33a 4.82 0.050 6.67 5.40 0.222 0.10 0.10 0.928
Oregon 1.95 2.22 0.201 6.94 7.07 0.882 7.53 9.42 0.152 0.14 0.17 0.668
Pennsylvania 1.72a 1.37 0.000 6.65a 4.91 0.000 7.51a 5.76 0.007 0.10 0.10 0.922
Rhode Island 2.14 2.43 0.245 7.89 7.48 0.660 10.02 10.61 0.745 0.15 0.16 0.861
South Carolina 1.85a 1.36 0.003 6.56a 4.79 0.018 8.05a 5.51 0.018 0.10 0.11 0.797
South Dakota 2.23a 1.55 0.000 8.39a 4.91 0.000 8.58b 6.46 0.066 0.10 0.10 0.976
Tennessee 1.38 1.34 0.751 5.09 4.77 0.639 5.50 5.60 0.922 0.10 0.12 0.634
Texas 1.78a 1.45 0.002 6.52a 4.86 0.000 5.55 4.96 0.278 0.14 0.11 0.561
Utah 1.77a 1.18 0.002 4.50 3.77 0.273 5.26a 2.96 0.003 0.13 0.10 0.665
Vermont 2.70 2.36 0.190 10.35a 7.53 0.010 10.44 10.40 0.980 0.15 0.14 0.963
Virginia 1.93 1.81 0.524 7.34a 5.65 0.040 7.50 6.94 0.610 0.12 0.14 0.652
Washington 2.07 1.79 0.205 7.14a 5.35 0.030 7.11 7.15 0.975 0.16 0.16 0.948
West Virginia 1.53a 1.23 0.039 7.29a 5.09 0.005 6.27 5.70 0.564 0.09 0.11 0.747
Wisconsin 2.06 1.82 0.217 7.17 6.06 0.191 8.25 7.54 0.543 0.12 0.12 0.950
Wyoming 1.92 1.88 0.862 6.44 6.48 0.956 7.06 7.26 0.863 0.12 0.11 0.935
91208
Table D.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 3.73 3.58 0.222 5.70a 4.53 0.000 8.17 7.96 0.392 2.68 2.71 0.869
Northeast 3.38 3.32 0.738 5.35a 4.01 0.000 8.51 7.86 0.138 2.31 2.47 0.473
Midwest 3.48 3.37 0.456 5.48a 4.45 0.000 7.81 7.79 0.944 2.43 2.47 0.825
South 3.83b 3.54 0.067 5.85a 4.51 0.000 8.38b 7.78 0.072 2.76 2.70 0.769
West 4.11 4.06 0.835 5.97a 5.01 0.014 7.93 8.47 0.258 3.14 3.14 0.992
Alabama 3.72 3.81 0.838 5.36 4.77 0.498 8.06 8.47 0.720 2.73 2.90 0.751
Alaska 4.00 3.93 0.875 5.39 4.85 0.537 8.51 8.29 0.865 2.97 2.96 0.979
Arizona 4.66 4.45 0.714 7.22 5.59 0.136 8.98 9.37 0.781 3.51 3.46 0.942
Arkansas 3.92 4.28 0.449 6.54a 4.69 0.038 9.24 10.06 0.548 2.62 3.29 0.219
California 3.94 3.94 0.991 5.79b 4.81 0.081 7.02 8.01 0.164 3.11 3.05 0.881
Colorado 4.67 4.57 0.851 6.47 5.38 0.284 9.80 10.96 0.419 3.53 3.40 0.836
Connecticut 3.25 3.26 0.989 5.35 4.31 0.236 7.57 7.60 0.981 2.35 2.44 0.843
Delaware 3.91 4.20 0.542 6.02b 4.50 0.094 10.12 9.46 0.619 2.58 3.29 0.181
District of Columbia 4.06 4.53 0.419 4.22 4.25 0.970 6.65 6.99 0.765 3.54 4.02 0.510
Florida 3.70 3.50 0.535 5.17 4.45 0.178 8.41 7.58 0.245 2.85 2.79 0.881
Georgia 3.97a 3.07 0.049 5.54b 3.91 0.051 8.05 7.14 0.412 3.01 2.26 0.158
Hawaii 3.46 4.18 0.264 6.53 4.85 0.128 6.93 7.82 0.493 2.49 3.53 0.181
Idaho 3.73 3.53 0.651 5.66 4.87 0.380 7.42 7.40 0.984 2.65 2.65 0.999
Illinois 3.30 2.95 0.195 5.22a 3.72 0.004 7.50b 6.36 0.093 2.29 2.23 0.853
Indiana 3.56 4.20 0.142 5.69 5.55 0.892 8.30 9.11 0.509 2.39 3.18 0.112
Iowa 3.17a 1.81 0.000 4.37 3.14 0.134 7.35a 4.73 0.015 2.21a 1.12 0.010
Kansas 3.11 3.55 0.296 4.49 4.83 0.701 6.66 7.52 0.441 2.21 2.63 0.392
Kentucky 4.38 4.39 0.976 6.67b 4.95 0.075 9.83 10.41 0.677 3.14 3.38 0.690
Louisiana 4.24 3.93 0.507 6.14 4.95 0.202 8.78 7.72 0.355 3.04 3.05 0.991
Maine 3.82a 2.98 0.040 5.36 4.29 0.216 10.00 8.33 0.192 2.70 2.08 0.187
Maryland 3.44 3.23 0.615 4.87 4.00 0.265 7.66 6.87 0.457 2.58 2.52 0.906
Massachusetts 3.63 3.38 0.579 6.40a 3.91 0.008 10.20a 7.67 0.046 2.25 2.57 0.518
Michigan 3.62 3.56 0.839 6.44a 4.82 0.005 7.76 8.76 0.167 2.50 2.51 0.975
Minnesota 3.21 3.08 0.730 5.27 4.26 0.216 7.23 7.62 0.734 2.19 2.14 0.911
Mississippi 3.60 3.08 0.218 6.26a 3.90 0.005 7.39 6.93 0.686 2.43 2.25 0.714
Missouri 4.16 3.87 0.549 5.40 4.73 0.455 8.91 9.27 0.767 3.15 2.86 0.617
Montana 3.78 3.89 0.792 7.03a 4.88 0.023 7.23b 9.27 0.092 2.70 2.86 0.757
Nebraska 3.44 2.91 0.159 5.94b 4.22 0.056 8.20 6.81 0.214 2.17 1.99 0.683
Nevada 4.47 4.45 0.970 5.12 5.70 0.555 9.35 9.29 0.963 3.62 3.57 0.949
New Hampshire 4.05 3.57 0.276 6.20a 4.42 0.047 11.72b 9.36 0.081 2.57 2.58 0.976
New Jersey 3.40 2.73 0.104 5.15a 3.61 0.050 9.12b 7.07 0.091 2.36 1.96 0.384
New Mexico 4.57b 3.56 0.062 6.26 5.41 0.414 9.94b 7.49 0.077 3.30 2.58 0.257
New York 3.10 3.54 0.143 4.87b 3.89 0.062 7.53 7.86 0.663 2.14 2.73 0.107
North Carolina 3.96 3.51 0.303 6.90a 4.48 0.015 8.28 8.19 0.939 2.85 2.63 0.666
North Dakota 3.30a 2.28 0.005 5.76a 3.70 0.019 6.93 5.40 0.126 2.19a 1.39 0.042
Ohio 3.44 3.30 0.621 5.27b 4.35 0.080 7.87 7.87 0.994 2.42 2.41 0.971
Oklahoma 4.41 4.85 0.465 6.33 5.71 0.554 10.88 10.61 0.855 2.89 3.68 0.258
Oregon 4.29a 5.51 0.044 5.55 6.19 0.530 9.38 11.39 0.139 3.26b 4.52 0.083
Pennsylvania 3.44 3.11 0.223 5.51a 4.23 0.014 8.04 7.75 0.677 2.43 2.21 0.488
Rhode Island 4.64b 5.87 0.060 5.50 5.30 0.836 13.37 12.47 0.610 2.94a 4.71 0.018
South Carolina 3.58 3.09 0.229 5.30 4.28 0.224 8.73 7.13 0.160 2.44 2.28 0.736
South Dakota 3.29a 2.33 0.007 6.38a 3.62 0.003 7.81 6.23 0.167 1.95 1.44 0.173
Tennessee 3.64 4.27 0.178 5.46 4.74 0.431 7.40 9.13 0.151 2.78 3.47 0.220
Texas 3.89a 3.30 0.039 6.19a 4.67 0.010 8.33a 6.91 0.038 2.66 2.41 0.481
Utah 3.74 3.12 0.113 5.35 4.58 0.388 7.30 6.86 0.689 2.39 1.91 0.275
Vermont 3.87 4.00 0.778 6.78a 4.81 0.042 9.22 11.01 0.198 2.56 2.76 0.706
Virginia 3.54 3.13 0.337 5.83b 4.27 0.077 7.95 7.25 0.541 2.51 2.29 0.643
Washington 4.22 3.74 0.298 6.12b 4.68 0.100 9.77 8.21 0.205 3.01 2.91 0.845
West Virginia 3.51 3.78 0.551 6.07 4.63 0.113 8.09 9.55 0.218 2.48 2.85 0.463
Wisconsin 3.63 4.15 0.278 5.59 5.07 0.569 8.23 9.25 0.413 2.54 3.16 0.260
Wyoming 3.67b 2.96 0.082 5.12 4.63 0.546 8.14 7.39 0.527 2.61 1.96 0.162
91208
Table D.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.50a 2.21 0.006 1.90a 1.37 0.000 6.67a 5.95 0.001 1.85 1.68 0.189
Northeast 2.52 2.28 0.156 1.67a 1.30 0.015 7.17a 6.19 0.014 1.89 1.75 0.506
Midwest 2.50a 2.07 0.001 1.93a 1.27 0.000 6.71a 5.84 0.004 1.83b 1.52 0.057
South 2.41a 2.09 0.014 1.96a 1.28 0.000 6.11a 5.34 0.011 1.83 1.65 0.259
West 2.62 2.47 0.399 1.96 1.66 0.128 7.10 6.75 0.433 1.89 1.81 0.691
Alabama 2.25a 1.55 0.028 1.66b 1.02 0.060 5.49b 3.93 0.061 1.75 1.21 0.145
Alaska 2.40 3.07 0.202 2.44 1.72 0.186 8.37 7.88 0.731 1.38 2.38 0.115
Arizona 3.45 3.10 0.513 3.24b 2.09 0.077 8.53 8.04 0.723 2.57 2.41 0.792
Arkansas 2.17 2.06 0.750 1.86b 1.23 0.094 6.05 5.45 0.552 1.52 1.61 0.822
California 2.54 2.27 0.300 1.70 1.59 0.700 6.61 6.12 0.481 1.92 1.64 0.366
Colorado 3.90 3.66 0.683 2.64 2.10 0.368 10.29 10.44 0.929 2.96 2.72 0.723
Connecticut 2.13 2.28 0.671 1.82 1.62 0.655 7.02 6.46 0.611 1.46 1.71 0.547
Delaware 2.76 2.63 0.765 1.61 1.12 0.144 7.38 6.62 0.524 2.12 2.15 0.949
District of Columbia 3.58 4.20 0.448 0.65 0.62 0.887 4.55 5.47 0.328 3.65 4.26 0.549
Florida 2.53a 2.00 0.036 1.94b 1.46 0.088 6.83b 5.56 0.063 1.99 1.54 0.130
Georgia 2.47 2.06 0.285 1.68b 1.09 0.088 5.26 4.79 0.607 2.08 1.74 0.459
Hawaii 1.76 2.11 0.330 1.70 1.52 0.716 5.52 5.49 0.979 1.17 1.64 0.213
Idaho 1.64 1.50 0.543 1.80 1.42 0.389 5.03 5.26 0.813 0.92 0.84 0.745
Illinois 2.44 2.07 0.149 1.67a 1.16 0.035 6.53a 5.11 0.019 1.82 1.65 0.573
Indiana 2.57 2.18 0.245 2.00b 1.30 0.079 7.20 6.39 0.441 1.80 1.59 0.570
Iowa 2.23a 1.20 0.001 2.18a 1.13 0.016 6.43a 4.13 0.025 1.44a 0.68 0.019
Kansas 2.21 1.73 0.107 1.80 1.42 0.360 6.31 5.75 0.608 1.48 1.02 0.150
Kentucky 2.56a 1.84 0.030 2.05b 1.29 0.058 6.59 5.97 0.557 1.93b 1.25 0.079
Louisiana 2.78 2.59 0.679 1.65a 0.94 0.024 5.38 5.07 0.737 2.42 2.33 0.870
Maine 2.30 2.43 0.731 2.18a 1.33 0.033 8.05 7.84 0.868 1.46 1.80 0.397
Maryland 2.05 2.04 0.997 1.38 1.04 0.289 4.80 4.69 0.904 1.70 1.73 0.943
Massachusetts 2.85 2.17 0.101 2.05b 1.35 0.081 7.88 6.36 0.213 2.14 1.54 0.195
Michigan 2.59b 2.15 0.080 2.08a 1.13 0.000 6.26 6.25 0.977 2.03 1.59 0.153
Minnesota 2.51 2.34 0.636 2.35b 1.58 0.092 7.47 6.38 0.355 1.64 1.73 0.805
Mississippi 2.05a 1.27 0.022 1.18a 0.66 0.048 4.18 3.12 0.146 1.75b 1.02 0.084
Missouri 2.90a 2.00 0.015 2.03b 1.31 0.059 7.19 5.93 0.231 2.27b 1.43 0.053
Montana 2.48 2.25 0.508 2.51a 1.27 0.004 7.30 7.66 0.759 1.62 1.46 0.669
Nebraska 2.12a 1.45 0.020 2.16a 1.20 0.032 5.72 4.51 0.202 1.42b 0.91 0.099
Nevada 2.38 2.50 0.753 1.97 2.10 0.810 7.35 7.00 0.773 1.66 1.88 0.576
New Hampshire 2.97a 2.21 0.047 2.66a 1.49 0.018 10.17a 7.23 0.034 1.89 1.54 0.387
New Jersey 2.25 1.74 0.112 1.78 1.19 0.112 6.49 5.06 0.168 1.71 1.30 0.270
New Mexico 3.07a 2.02 0.011 2.81a 1.66 0.047 10.03a 6.41 0.011 1.81 1.26 0.187
New York 2.59 2.60 0.976 1.41 1.25 0.506 6.93 6.46 0.501 2.02 2.08 0.866
North Carolina 2.43 2.54 0.795 1.92a 1.05 0.025 6.42 6.07 0.741 1.83 2.16 0.484
North Dakota 1.94b 1.45 0.093 1.95a 1.07 0.031 5.94b 4.18 0.078 1.10 0.88 0.457
Ohio 2.53a 1.90 0.010 1.69b 1.22 0.058 6.99b 5.83 0.067 1.88b 1.34 0.066
Oklahoma 2.02b 1.55 0.097 1.86 1.37 0.237 5.99 4.74 0.205 1.27 0.98 0.336
Oregon 2.45b 3.24 0.052 1.91 1.61 0.484 7.25 8.84 0.208 1.71b 2.56 0.065
Pennsylvania 2.37 2.03 0.200 1.49 1.28 0.390 6.62b 5.47 0.078 1.79 1.56 0.457
Rhode Island 3.79 4.14 0.582 2.10 1.65 0.361 12.05 10.12 0.250 2.50 3.34 0.257
South Carolina 2.64 2.33 0.442 1.71a 1.05 0.044 6.36 5.72 0.536 2.11 1.94 0.722
South Dakota 1.89a 1.30 0.031 2.41a 1.06 0.003 5.49 4.49 0.300 1.10 0.75 0.205
Tennessee 2.36 2.43 0.841 1.85b 1.15 0.059 6.08 6.76 0.538 1.80 1.93 0.757
Texas 2.44b 2.00 0.070 2.58a 1.63 0.004 6.66a 5.08 0.015 1.58 1.47 0.684
Utah 1.95 1.79 0.598 1.52 1.34 0.675 4.78 5.17 0.686 1.21 1.01 0.514
Vermont 2.98 2.99 0.988 2.81a 1.32 0.002 9.73 10.50 0.611 1.85 1.97 0.790
Virginia 2.24 2.17 0.835 1.72 1.31 0.282 5.52 5.95 0.659 1.78 1.64 0.734
Washington 2.11 2.30 0.581 1.77 1.51 0.521 7.15 6.72 0.706 1.29 1.69 0.285
West Virginia 2.30 2.51 0.562 2.61a 1.34 0.007 7.42 7.85 0.744 1.44 1.87 0.272
Wisconsin 2.45 2.94 0.219 1.98 1.57 0.328 6.62 7.52 0.436 1.77 2.34 0.202
Wyoming 2.21 1.77 0.160 1.80 1.41 0.337 7.60 6.23 0.231 1.25 1.03 0.508
91208
Table D.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 4.79 4.89 0.444 7.61a 6.56 0.000 11.70 12.05 0.218 3.20 3.44 0.129
Northeast 4.05 4.13 0.663 6.37a 5.29 0.003 11.22 11.07 0.766 2.62 2.83 0.331
Midwest 4.58a 4.93 0.046 7.53a 6.81 0.022 11.68 12.20 0.222 2.90a 3.42 0.012
South 4.92 4.88 0.817 7.88a 6.71 0.000 12.08 11.89 0.658 3.27 3.46 0.335
West 5.42 5.48 0.823 8.23a 7.03 0.011 11.51a 12.87 0.024 3.90 3.93 0.911
Alabama 4.89 5.36 0.345 8.01 7.26 0.483 12.98 13.28 0.850 3.03 3.77 0.188
Alaska 5.34 5.21 0.821 8.09 7.35 0.526 12.72 11.12 0.319 3.58 3.77 0.775
Arizona 6.07 6.10 0.969 9.35 8.43 0.492 13.91 13.84 0.970 4.18 4.47 0.698
Arkansas 5.03a 6.32 0.016 7.95 7.94 0.996 13.38 15.93 0.159 3.15a 4.55 0.021
California 5.20 5.16 0.911 7.53b 6.35 0.078 9.79a 12.07 0.011 4.02 3.68 0.457
Colorado 6.08 5.58 0.407 8.98 7.13 0.134 13.94 14.41 0.786 4.31 3.92 0.555
Connecticut 4.03 3.83 0.630 5.70 5.02 0.430 11.54 10.45 0.461 2.72 2.64 0.856
Delaware 5.12 5.11 0.983 7.30 6.36 0.362 13.90 13.04 0.594 3.33 3.63 0.625
District of Columbia 3.52 3.83 0.532 5.26 4.06 0.164 6.73 8.09 0.272 2.73 2.86 0.819
Florida 4.85a 4.10 0.024 7.03 6.45 0.372 12.83a 10.93 0.043 3.45 2.84 0.112
Georgia 5.12 5.17 0.923 8.41a 6.28 0.049 10.66 12.34 0.281 3.64 3.80 0.803
Hawaii 3.90 4.50 0.304 6.52 5.96 0.621 9.41 10.09 0.654 2.67 3.45 0.251
Idaho 5.63 5.63 0.997 8.72 7.75 0.397 13.57 12.64 0.566 3.48 4.07 0.308
Illinois 4.02 3.88 0.642 6.76a 5.51 0.045 10.92a 9.19 0.035 2.42 2.71 0.402
Indiana 5.88 6.04 0.793 8.37 7.66 0.523 15.82 14.16 0.342 3.70 4.44 0.286
Iowa 3.42 3.32 0.804 6.28 5.75 0.599 8.78 8.26 0.685 2.02 2.13 0.823
Kansas 4.36 4.64 0.572 6.14 7.25 0.302 10.84 10.30 0.707 2.84 3.22 0.488
Kentucky 6.50 6.58 0.910 9.96b 7.82 0.076 17.48 16.01 0.456 4.16 4.95 0.296
Louisiana 5.16 5.67 0.349 7.46 6.81 0.546 13.19 12.92 0.874 3.20 4.10 0.157
Maine 4.61 4.40 0.665 7.16 6.56 0.575 14.07 12.44 0.334 2.87 3.03 0.768
Maryland 4.03 3.95 0.848 5.95 5.17 0.372 10.52 9.74 0.579 2.75 2.83 0.867
Massachusetts 5.28 4.98 0.580 7.78a 5.48 0.023 14.68 13.21 0.404 3.47 3.50 0.972
Michigan 5.18 5.42 0.515 9.70a 7.54 0.004 11.90 13.00 0.223 3.37 3.85 0.287
Minnesota 3.93a 4.91 0.038 6.37 6.48 0.912 8.79a 12.65 0.011 2.70 3.36 0.221
Mississippi 4.40 4.28 0.788 8.48a 5.73 0.012 10.05 10.36 0.827 2.64 2.94 0.517
Missouri 5.17 4.49 0.142 7.75 6.71 0.332 12.93 11.72 0.426 3.44 3.00 0.379
Montana 4.22a 5.52 0.008 8.06 7.65 0.717 10.19a 14.87 0.003 2.61b 3.67 0.058
Nebraska 3.82 3.31 0.213 7.31a 5.24 0.046 10.05 8.58 0.299 2.11 2.06 0.907
Nevada 5.66 6.32 0.285 9.61 8.81 0.561 13.30 15.32 0.264 3.93 4.67 0.305
New Hampshire 5.33 5.28 0.932 7.91 7.04 0.436 16.19 15.00 0.514 3.28 3.58 0.585
New Jersey 3.61 3.53 0.832 5.89 4.64 0.145 9.95 9.84 0.940 2.42 2.43 0.988
New Mexico 5.18 5.45 0.682 8.36 8.46 0.940 10.80 10.95 0.922 3.64 4.02 0.613
New York 3.72 4.02 0.330 6.02b 4.99 0.084 9.78 10.45 0.433 2.43 2.75 0.354
North Carolina 5.07 4.66 0.388 8.81 7.02 0.102 12.09 11.84 0.870 3.40 3.20 0.728
North Dakota 3.54 3.98 0.341 6.34 6.54 0.844 7.76 9.24 0.259 2.27 2.45 0.716
Ohio 4.53a 5.52 0.003 7.09 7.32 0.720 11.98a 15.11 0.001 2.90a 3.70 0.046
Oklahoma 5.81b 6.93 0.077 9.24 8.67 0.664 15.12 16.84 0.376 3.53b 4.88 0.066
Oregon 5.73 6.58 0.181 9.20 8.23 0.416 14.56b 17.88 0.077 3.78 4.65 0.226
Pennsylvania 3.81 4.02 0.470 6.24 5.76 0.408 10.86 10.74 0.885 2.36 2.70 0.304
Rhode Island 5.91 6.28 0.543 7.42 6.28 0.283 16.95 16.63 0.868 3.71 4.36 0.360
South Carolina 4.94 4.34 0.224 7.50 6.54 0.336 11.91 11.22 0.639 3.36 2.94 0.464
South Dakota 3.68 3.36 0.424 7.63b 5.58 0.055 8.75 8.50 0.844 2.09 2.12 0.954
Tennessee 4.65a 6.52 0.001 9.08 7.73 0.267 11.41a 15.35 0.025 2.94a 5.02 0.002
Texas 4.90 4.43 0.148 7.60b 6.49 0.095 11.11 10.15 0.269 3.24 3.03 0.586
Utah 5.57 4.94 0.195 7.81 6.91 0.433 11.95 10.26 0.256 3.27 3.23 0.944
Vermont 5.37 4.67 0.186 8.93a 6.38 0.020 14.60 13.27 0.449 3.31 3.07 0.673
Virginia 4.35 4.85 0.303 7.93 6.78 0.255 10.75 11.55 0.585 2.84 3.47 0.234
Washington 5.86 6.13 0.653 10.19b 7.72 0.054 15.25 14.77 0.788 3.66 4.55 0.196
West Virginia 5.34 4.98 0.486 8.87 7.06 0.101 15.67 13.60 0.242 3.27 3.50 0.684
Wisconsin 4.66a 6.26 0.004 7.58 7.90 0.789 12.67b 15.43 0.095 2.81a 4.50 0.012
Wyoming 4.98 4.26 0.137 8.00 7.70 0.797 12.68 11.00 0.277 3.08 2.62 0.377
91208
Table D.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 50.50b 51.39 0.055 17.67a 15.27 0.000 60.91 61.19 0.685 53.22a 54.44 0.023
Northeast 55.33 56.12 0.290 19.24a 16.75 0.000 66.19 66.63 0.639 58.21 59.25 0.257
Midwest 52.96a 54.23 0.036 18.98a 16.14 0.000 66.22 65.75 0.564 55.35a 57.27 0.009
South 45.89a 47.38 0.013 16.75a 14.18 0.000 57.13 57.39 0.765 47.95a 50.02 0.004
West 51.24 51.20 0.967 16.58a 15.03 0.015 57.43 58.53 0.285 55.15 54.85 0.764
Alabama 36.83b 40.35 0.075 15.00 13.01 0.202 50.96 52.32 0.591 37.27b 41.88 0.063
Alaska 50.89b 54.73 0.067 15.90 14.26 0.287 59.83 61.68 0.506 55.92 59.72 0.157
Arizona 50.20 52.78 0.219 18.69 16.01 0.162 58.45 60.40 0.473 53.29 56.47 0.232
Arkansas 38.93a 43.10 0.034 16.71 14.74 0.222 53.79 53.83 0.987 39.34a 45.02 0.022
California 50.97 49.72 0.308 15.28 14.81 0.632 55.53 57.78 0.130 55.38 53.19 0.159
Colorado 59.22 62.13 0.126 20.63 18.96 0.376 68.89 71.26 0.322 62.79 65.97 0.175
Connecticut 57.93 60.94 0.130 18.88 18.31 0.759 72.28 69.40 0.214 61.02b 65.10 0.099
Delaware 53.06 55.25 0.287 18.35b 15.41 0.081 62.71b 67.25 0.063 55.89 58.27 0.355
District of Columbia 56.69b 60.53 0.067 13.02 15.42 0.158 67.17a 72.43 0.037 58.52 62.29 0.148
Florida 52.44 52.64 0.868 17.35 16.13 0.238 59.66 58.33 0.385 55.68 55.93 0.870
Georgia 46.07 47.96 0.347 15.09 13.00 0.177 52.19 54.33 0.423 49.41 51.79 0.352
Hawaii 48.71 48.25 0.837 17.96a 12.66 0.003 58.57 58.51 0.981 51.28 50.76 0.850
Idaho 47.70a 42.42 0.011 17.37a 12.18 0.001 53.62 51.23 0.362 51.34a 45.23 0.023
Illinois 51.71a 54.68 0.010 18.65a 15.87 0.005 64.16 64.70 0.709 54.10a 58.11 0.005
Indiana 46.60 49.29 0.188 16.04 15.67 0.820 61.78 58.22 0.153 48.16 52.28 0.110
Iowa 55.37 54.03 0.520 20.18a 15.33 0.004 67.28 66.39 0.720 57.79 56.78 0.701
Kansas 48.92 51.17 0.276 19.41a 15.44 0.026 65.89 65.97 0.976 49.96 53.25 0.211
Kentucky 40.57 40.29 0.890 18.75a 13.77 0.003 58.07b 53.42 0.074 40.27 41.52 0.622
Louisiana 46.27 47.83 0.426 19.35a 15.40 0.030 61.41 60.20 0.638 47.30 49.93 0.293
Maine 52.17 52.47 0.887 16.55 16.26 0.868 66.76 63.83 0.260 54.44 55.02 0.828
Maryland 54.67 55.10 0.842 17.14 14.39 0.102 64.21 65.59 0.582 58.34 58.68 0.896
Massachusetts 59.59 61.06 0.458 21.04 18.11 0.107 68.94 71.00 0.407 62.75 64.49 0.480
Michigan 53.78 54.62 0.471 19.23a 15.64 0.000 66.30 66.32 0.984 56.54 57.93 0.343
Minnesota 58.45a 62.70 0.030 19.54 16.99 0.155 70.68 73.34 0.259 61.73a 66.76 0.040
Mississippi 35.54 38.04 0.224 14.72b 11.85 0.056 50.24 48.56 0.534 35.72 39.88 0.113
Missouri 53.21 50.32 0.159 19.67a 14.90 0.005 64.52 62.25 0.336 55.85 52.93 0.265
Montana 55.36 57.92 0.219 24.73a 18.74 0.001 69.29 67.80 0.539 57.19 61.16 0.130
Nebraska 53.98 55.79 0.389 22.24a 16.26 0.001 68.38 66.78 0.533 55.77 58.98 0.228
Nevada 50.68 51.88 0.575 18.40a 14.33 0.018 56.37 58.64 0.401 54.12 55.76 0.534
New Hampshire 59.80b 63.10 0.089 21.44b 18.32 0.084 71.78 74.72 0.189 63.20 66.96 0.124
New Jersey 57.73b 53.98 0.072 18.77a 15.09 0.031 65.06 63.49 0.537 61.72b 57.45 0.099
New Mexico 47.83 45.87 0.356 20.67a 15.27 0.004 60.78 58.27 0.333 49.67 47.76 0.483
New York 54.71 55.28 0.651 19.49a 17.43 0.048 64.34 65.58 0.414 57.59 58.18 0.706
North Carolina 40.59a 45.39 0.028 16.12 14.11 0.201 56.43 57.49 0.679 41.18a 47.40 0.023
North Dakota 58.04 59.42 0.496 25.23a 20.21 0.013 73.06 75.63 0.271 59.42 60.75 0.606
Ohio 51.81 51.23 0.630 17.52 16.25 0.212 65.40 64.48 0.510 54.20 53.61 0.692
Oklahoma 42.94 41.90 0.609 16.04b 13.13 0.067 58.23 56.89 0.623 43.81 42.97 0.747
Oregon 53.14a 59.03 0.005 17.07 16.57 0.774 65.32 65.17 0.953 55.79a 63.13 0.005
Pennsylvania 51.10a 53.91 0.019 18.06a 15.10 0.004 64.85 65.60 0.604 53.14a 56.78 0.014
Rhode Island 58.96 61.54 0.197 22.12 20.73 0.502 76.07 74.59 0.513 60.38 64.13 0.137
South Carolina 45.07 46.72 0.402 14.36 13.36 0.514 61.10a 53.47 0.005 46.35 49.88 0.153
South Dakota 55.18 57.24 0.283 22.07a 17.28 0.012 71.49 71.42 0.975 56.98 59.97 0.221
Tennessee 36.27a 40.37 0.042 13.27 12.33 0.547 46.50a 53.77 0.009 37.48b 41.77 0.088
Texas 47.27 47.05 0.842 17.56a 14.14 0.000 57.99 57.48 0.737 49.86 49.94 0.955
Utah 29.57 27.82 0.390 10.23b 7.57 0.083 35.74b 30.37 0.080 31.40 30.62 0.775
Vermont 58.43 60.69 0.270 22.00 20.31 0.373 73.45 73.95 0.829 60.69 63.32 0.305
Virginia 51.17 53.55 0.231 18.40a 14.77 0.032 61.25 64.38 0.214 53.91 56.61 0.276
Washington 56.31 56.56 0.898 18.15 15.80 0.173 63.66 62.96 0.773 60.33 60.66 0.894
West Virginia 37.20 38.23 0.606 18.28a 13.92 0.008 53.18 52.96 0.931 36.81 38.78 0.424
Wisconsin 57.92 60.45 0.192 21.39 18.71 0.159 72.05 71.34 0.748 60.48 63.91 0.159
Wyoming 52.14 53.21 0.615 18.30 17.86 0.794 66.48 64.44 0.400 54.35 55.76 0.606
91208
Table D.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 22.75b 23.28 0.054 10.65a 9.25 0.000 41.25 41.40 0.756 21.20a 22.01 0.024
Northeast 23.82 24.02 0.717 11.33a 10.14 0.016 44.69 44.46 0.794 22.10 22.33 0.737
Midwest 25.18 25.92 0.104 12.11a 10.09 0.000 47.13 46.59 0.429 23.09a 24.44 0.021
South 21.22a 22.05 0.036 9.68a 8.57 0.003 38.12 38.07 0.938 19.87a 21.11 0.014
West 21.81 22.11 0.565 10.19a 8.84 0.009 37.60b 39.24 0.073 20.61 20.84 0.730
Alabama 18.10 19.15 0.434 8.23 7.97 0.819 34.97 33.94 0.651 16.45 18.10 0.327
Alaska 23.13 24.18 0.490 11.42a 8.56 0.029 41.22 41.96 0.775 22.26 23.27 0.602
Arizona 24.32 23.20 0.459 11.94b 9.32 0.077 41.43 40.10 0.615 23.04 22.22 0.666
Arkansas 21.76 21.63 0.932 11.31b 8.83 0.064 39.76 39.08 0.793 19.99 20.44 0.796
California 21.25 21.60 0.678 9.16 8.72 0.580 35.41b 38.04 0.068 20.43 20.33 0.923
Colorado 25.75 26.74 0.515 11.04 10.73 0.821 46.73 49.79 0.223 24.10 24.88 0.677
Connecticut 23.09b 26.05 0.059 11.18 13.49 0.155 48.14 47.07 0.678 21.04b 24.36 0.084
Delaware 23.71 24.51 0.597 10.46 9.46 0.532 42.89b 47.12 0.091 22.12 22.64 0.783
District of Columbia 25.34a 29.92 0.009 5.62b 7.76 0.088 39.25a 49.06 0.000 24.35 27.83 0.103
Florida 21.74 22.87 0.217 9.50 9.59 0.913 39.02 38.32 0.631 20.76 22.10 0.231
Georgia 20.73 21.70 0.493 8.20 7.17 0.328 33.73 35.29 0.520 20.17 21.43 0.481
Hawaii 23.68 22.95 0.665 11.93a 7.08 0.001 41.12 40.75 0.893 22.47 21.98 0.809
Idaho 21.05 18.81 0.102 11.57a 8.00 0.005 36.12 35.90 0.924 19.45 17.33 0.231
Illinois 25.17 26.71 0.108 11.70b 10.17 0.058 46.77 45.97 0.567 23.22b 25.48 0.064
Indiana 22.27 23.03 0.579 9.82 9.87 0.968 45.11a 40.29 0.046 19.83 21.87 0.243
Iowa 26.34 27.18 0.581 13.85a 10.48 0.024 48.87 48.63 0.926 23.72 25.49 0.358
Kansas 21.71a 24.89 0.023 11.56 9.34 0.112 45.26 47.87 0.308 18.63a 22.67 0.023
Kentucky 19.24 19.85 0.639 11.08b 8.88 0.088 38.83 36.66 0.389 16.86 18.57 0.277
Louisiana 23.77 23.79 0.990 10.87b 8.66 0.069 40.36 39.07 0.597 22.39 22.92 0.771
Maine 21.74 21.65 0.952 11.12 9.55 0.261 44.67 43.09 0.539 19.64 20.04 0.823
Maryland 21.65 22.14 0.731 9.43 8.99 0.712 39.77 40.57 0.743 20.48 20.79 0.857
Massachusetts 27.22 25.71 0.346 14.19a 10.71 0.024 46.98 48.87 0.481 25.64 23.49 0.269
Michigan 24.46 24.40 0.952 12.06a 8.92 0.000 44.49 44.19 0.818 22.75 23.15 0.723
Minnesota 28.07 30.05 0.226 13.27a 10.49 0.049 49.84 54.00 0.117 26.22 28.43 0.277
Mississippi 19.70 19.87 0.902 8.52 6.92 0.138 32.24 32.32 0.974 18.86 19.44 0.734
Missouri 24.56 23.79 0.590 12.61a 9.47 0.021 43.89 43.37 0.830 22.80 22.40 0.824
Montana 27.41 26.76 0.681 17.85a 11.55 0.000 50.83 50.58 0.921 24.58 24.63 0.976
Nebraska 26.26 25.32 0.548 14.30a 9.57 0.002 49.83a 44.53 0.048 23.44 23.80 0.855
Nevada 20.87a 24.18 0.034 10.90 9.18 0.214 33.81a 39.52 0.027 20.17b 23.87 0.055
New Hampshire 24.02 25.93 0.204 13.29 12.51 0.638 49.11 53.10 0.134 21.59 23.49 0.304
New Jersey 21.74 22.77 0.492 10.11 9.84 0.846 41.95 41.02 0.707 20.36 21.63 0.489
New Mexico 24.00 21.91 0.167 14.04a 9.50 0.003 41.39 39.15 0.414 22.31 20.43 0.322
New York 24.27 23.25 0.282 10.71 9.79 0.255 42.55 43.05 0.744 22.96 21.41 0.197
North Carolina 19.31 21.42 0.113 10.02 8.15 0.126 38.03 37.52 0.833 17.40b 20.51 0.060
North Dakota 31.37 32.58 0.464 16.58a 12.27 0.012 55.15b 59.51 0.100 28.43 29.05 0.770
Ohio 24.40 25.54 0.190 11.31 10.65 0.396 45.99 46.75 0.574 22.50 23.98 0.180
Oklahoma 19.01b 21.58 0.059 10.70b 8.31 0.083 37.98 39.23 0.635 16.53a 20.10 0.034
Oregon 20.52a 23.40 0.044 10.70 9.06 0.202 40.58 44.36 0.120 18.40a 21.88 0.050
Pennsylvania 22.83 24.32 0.107 11.24a 9.15 0.008 45.96 43.99 0.167 20.59a 22.97 0.039
Rhode Island 26.97 27.71 0.654 12.73 11.77 0.542 55.31 52.04 0.216 23.56 25.15 0.438
South Carolina 22.54 21.51 0.474 8.80 6.96 0.106 42.03a 34.63 0.002 20.93 21.22 0.872
South Dakota 28.13 28.47 0.829 15.85a 10.47 0.001 54.15 53.16 0.710 24.89 26.36 0.461
Tennessee 16.55b 18.73 0.098 8.39 7.84 0.637 29.89b 34.21 0.085 15.34 17.71 0.142
Texas 23.90 23.21 0.407 9.84 8.94 0.263 40.02 38.95 0.429 22.96 22.34 0.566
Utah 15.86 15.13 0.588 7.86 5.96 0.113 24.95 23.79 0.636 14.70 14.48 0.900
Vermont 25.51 25.32 0.899 14.70 12.70 0.214 49.19 53.34 0.106 22.87 22.25 0.739
Virginia 20.51a 23.66 0.032 10.70 9.32 0.280 40.44 43.57 0.222 18.58b 22.11 0.054
Washington 20.94 21.10 0.903 11.06b 8.56 0.052 41.67 41.38 0.903 18.76 19.43 0.681
West Virginia 19.33 19.26 0.962 13.11a 8.90 0.004 38.11 37.72 0.874 17.02 17.73 0.671
Wisconsin 28.98 28.17 0.619 13.48 11.51 0.173 54.87 51.36 0.161 26.50 26.35 0.941
Wyoming 24.93 24.68 0.865 12.94 11.79 0.540 49.68b 44.99 0.077 21.98 22.72 0.699
91208
Table D.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 42.04 41.94 0.780 38.36a 39.98 0.000 32.56b 33.21 0.096 44.20 43.70 0.272
Northeast 39.65 40.39 0.287 36.76a 39.21 0.003 28.81a 30.69 0.023 41.75 42.16 0.633
Midwest 38.83 38.57 0.626 37.30 37.26 0.952 28.48 28.34 0.805 40.89 40.51 0.573
South 44.60 44.09 0.360 40.12a 41.85 0.012 35.85 36.27 0.499 46.74 45.70 0.138
West 43.24 43.01 0.752 37.93a 40.23 0.013 34.44 35.07 0.483 45.63 44.82 0.395
Alabama 46.19 45.88 0.871 42.74 43.54 0.749 37.64 36.74 0.700 48.17 47.73 0.858
Alaska 40.78 38.87 0.339 35.13a 41.71 0.007 29.24 28.25 0.673 43.78 40.43 0.199
Arizona 39.54 42.38 0.160 36.77 37.24 0.858 33.66 36.46 0.269 41.00 44.07 0.226
Arkansas 43.34 41.32 0.302 41.25 39.19 0.397 35.99 34.44 0.524 44.93 42.71 0.368
California 45.47 43.79 0.144 38.79a 41.68 0.048 37.05 36.54 0.728 48.00b 45.47 0.088
Colorado 38.39 38.35 0.982 32.48b 36.60 0.089 28.41 26.10 0.313 40.94 40.61 0.891
Connecticut 39.85 39.75 0.961 36.18 37.09 0.707 27.52 30.32 0.219 42.12 41.57 0.827
Delaware 39.62 41.71 0.291 39.63 41.99 0.354 29.37 32.52 0.212 41.39 43.21 0.467
District of Columbia 45.47b 41.46 0.051 43.87 45.00 0.659 37.24a 31.85 0.043 47.24 43.25 0.120
Florida 44.38 44.03 0.766 40.02 40.97 0.512 37.54 37.12 0.766 45.89 45.39 0.730
Georgia 47.12 45.05 0.301 42.61 45.49 0.276 38.37 36.49 0.457 49.36 46.45 0.247
Hawaii 39.86 41.51 0.441 38.93 40.88 0.457 32.94 31.95 0.703 41.09 43.09 0.454
Idaho 39.96 42.57 0.170 37.53 36.94 0.806 30.42 33.53 0.178 42.33 44.99 0.270
Illinois 40.66 40.53 0.909 38.28 39.08 0.563 31.51 31.59 0.953 42.61 42.33 0.850
Indiana 42.73 39.70 0.107 40.32 37.86 0.299 30.82 29.18 0.456 45.27 41.73 0.134
Iowa 34.19 36.96 0.146 31.78a 38.96 0.003 25.92 24.04 0.375 36.09 39.00 0.231
Kansas 40.70 37.45 0.102 38.43 35.12 0.204 28.12b 24.15 0.084 43.47 40.27 0.203
Kentucky 42.34 41.96 0.847 39.08b 43.39 0.089 33.87 32.66 0.611 44.23 43.24 0.690
Louisiana 43.83 45.40 0.410 39.89b 44.28 0.085 35.50 39.10 0.135 46.10 46.78 0.779
Maine 36.26 38.07 0.363 32.80 35.84 0.207 24.59 25.05 0.822 38.44 40.14 0.488
Maryland 41.88 42.31 0.830 38.85 41.95 0.224 35.09 35.51 0.865 43.37 43.49 0.962
Massachusetts 34.67 35.32 0.747 34.03 33.30 0.763 24.06 24.99 0.667 36.44 37.35 0.715
Michigan 39.74 39.10 0.572 38.10 36.75 0.316 29.27 30.30 0.402 41.79 40.91 0.544
Minnesota 36.35 36.52 0.924 36.49 36.39 0.966 24.65 27.88 0.148 38.45 38.04 0.859
Mississippi 49.91 48.11 0.365 44.09 47.15 0.248 41.78 42.39 0.820 52.44 49.30 0.223
Missouri 38.35 39.25 0.621 36.71 36.70 0.998 28.92 27.03 0.369 40.25 41.61 0.558
Montana 36.33b 39.69 0.085 31.95 34.70 0.233 24.62b 28.66 0.069 39.04 42.19 0.204
Nebraska 37.99 36.29 0.351 35.97 35.73 0.927 25.27 26.19 0.685 40.73 38.27 0.286
Nevada 41.75a 46.07 0.033 38.57 41.04 0.336 35.01 38.16 0.213 43.24b 47.89 0.066
New Hampshire 33.32 32.88 0.825 27.98 31.78 0.113 20.30 20.00 0.876 36.08 34.97 0.658
New Jersey 44.79 43.17 0.421 38.38 38.89 0.834 34.09 33.25 0.726 47.14 45.22 0.444
New Mexico 47.07 47.67 0.775 40.01 39.45 0.826 37.35 38.24 0.736 49.98 50.53 0.840
New York 41.50 42.24 0.535 39.15 40.96 0.210 31.25 32.34 0.440 43.50 44.16 0.660
North Carolina 45.72 44.43 0.516 39.55 41.17 0.511 33.43 36.00 0.289 48.60 46.19 0.334
North Dakota 33.65 36.37 0.153 32.51 35.36 0.232 23.09 24.80 0.441 36.02 39.14 0.210
Ohio 37.72 38.95 0.257 37.89 37.04 0.532 28.46 27.74 0.550 39.29 41.05 0.206
Oklahoma 43.77 44.01 0.907 37.84 39.73 0.475 31.48 33.79 0.379 46.98 46.46 0.846
Oregon 39.88 38.63 0.525 36.22 33.91 0.326 29.13 28.55 0.785 42.18 40.75 0.556
Pennsylvania 37.29a 39.84 0.030 35.40a 41.66 0.000 26.27a 31.69 0.000 39.32 40.95 0.270
Rhode Island 36.25 38.60 0.256 34.95a 40.10 0.041 27.75 29.66 0.424 37.96 40.08 0.415
South Carolina 45.48 44.26 0.553 42.76 41.79 0.701 32.65 35.92 0.166 48.11 45.94 0.402
South Dakota 35.95 35.17 0.692 33.49 33.44 0.985 23.15 23.07 0.971 38.83 37.61 0.632
Tennessee 45.42 45.43 0.996 41.10 41.51 0.873 34.76 35.92 0.638 47.77 47.36 0.876
Texas 44.61 44.26 0.747 38.81 40.83 0.143 37.33 37.13 0.882 46.96 46.12 0.549
Utah 50.94 51.25 0.890 47.56 50.12 0.360 40.56 45.10 0.124 54.64 53.03 0.591
Vermont 37.08 36.59 0.799 30.43 34.04 0.124 22.04 21.20 0.679 40.56 39.40 0.634
Virginia 42.20 42.42 0.917 40.32 40.03 0.912 31.25 33.33 0.373 44.23 44.25 0.994
Washington 39.20 41.09 0.355 35.22 37.56 0.363 27.05b 30.72 0.092 41.83 43.19 0.597
West Virginia 42.90 41.08 0.374 34.10a 40.27 0.012 33.85 33.67 0.945 45.37 42.24 0.209
Wisconsin 36.57 35.15 0.452 34.07 36.50 0.319 25.07 25.81 0.717 38.99 36.56 0.310
Wyoming 37.38 40.27 0.147 35.00 37.19 0.369 22.86b 27.49 0.053 40.48 42.94 0.334
91208
Table D.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2002-2003)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2007-2008)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2002-2003)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2007-2008)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 28.89a 27.16 0.000 19.22a 18.03 0.000
Northeast 31.50 30.54 0.132 20.74 20.30 0.436
Midwest 31.65a 28.49 0.000 21.99a 19.78 0.000
South 27.17a 25.27 0.000 17.54a 16.32 0.003
West 26.82 26.27 0.409 17.91 17.31 0.294
Alabama 24.88 22.74 0.153 16.45 14.31 0.112
Alaska 26.43 26.24 0.912 19.42 18.30 0.454
Arizona 28.64 27.36 0.486 19.76b 16.83 0.051
Arkansas 25.16 24.05 0.497 18.84a 15.34 0.015
California 24.67 25.60 0.374 16.09 16.91 0.341
Colorado 33.02 31.98 0.555 21.31 20.73 0.705
Connecticut 32.63 32.37 0.881 21.42b 24.29 0.096
Delaware 31.13 30.29 0.639 20.37 21.30 0.571
District of Columbia 31.16b 35.02 0.077 16.58a 22.77 0.002
Florida 27.50 27.55 0.960 16.87 17.52 0.465
Georgia 24.15 23.56 0.702 15.31 14.44 0.485
Hawaii 28.58a 22.67 0.001 20.77a 15.56 0.001
Idaho 26.66a 20.83 0.001 18.81a 14.26 0.002
Illinois 30.52a 27.98 0.010 21.63a 19.77 0.040
Indiana 27.53 25.47 0.200 18.75 17.41 0.360
Iowa 34.35a 27.90 0.000 24.68a 20.41 0.007
Kansas 31.31a 26.85 0.008 21.90a 18.46 0.025
Kentucky 28.99a 24.59 0.008 19.61a 16.57 0.038
Louisiana 31.05 28.96 0.208 18.97 17.26 0.236
Maine 30.23 28.35 0.258 22.54a 19.10 0.020
Maryland 28.10 28.10 0.998 17.52 17.87 0.803
Massachusetts 32.50 33.32 0.649 22.40 23.12 0.667
Michigan 31.83a 28.73 0.001 21.36a 18.38 0.000
Minnesota 33.36a 29.62 0.028 24.17 21.76 0.118
Mississippi 24.01b 21.34 0.096 15.72 14.14 0.235
Missouri 32.41a 27.00 0.002 21.16b 18.39 0.063
Montana 38.39a 32.62 0.001 28.80a 22.82 0.000
Nebraska 34.98a 28.33 0.000 23.77a 18.61 0.002
Nevada 26.87b 23.73 0.058 16.81 16.70 0.947
New Hampshire 35.98 34.23 0.309 25.02 25.08 0.970
New Jersey 29.38b 26.33 0.065 17.59 17.63 0.978
New Mexico 32.37a 26.60 0.002 22.15a 17.33 0.002
New York 31.59 31.52 0.951 20.34 20.12 0.813
North Carolina 26.71 24.13 0.117 17.99a 14.87 0.021
North Dakota 41.54b 37.98 0.074 31.04b 27.97 0.100
Ohio 30.13 29.06 0.256 20.95 20.83 0.901
Oklahoma 28.47a 24.51 0.023 19.07 16.69 0.128
Oregon 28.22b 31.13 0.079 18.61 20.49 0.207
Pennsylvania 30.86a 28.69 0.025 21.05a 18.67 0.007
Rhode Island 38.31 37.70 0.743 26.58 25.24 0.442
South Carolina 27.25a 22.97 0.006 18.05a 13.70 0.002
South Dakota 37.21a 31.30 0.001 28.52a 22.66 0.001
Tennessee 23.80 21.30 0.119 15.95 14.62 0.336
Texas 27.35b 25.54 0.069 17.14 16.99 0.856
Utah 19.41a 13.64 0.002 15.43a 11.69 0.020
Vermont 35.56 38.32 0.135 25.77 27.25 0.366
Virginia 30.33a 26.16 0.011 20.47b 17.89 0.078
Washington 31.54 29.83 0.290 21.02b 18.51 0.096
West Virginia 28.84a 23.91 0.003 21.48a 16.32 0.001
Wisconsin 34.72b 31.78 0.085 24.45 22.00 0.128
Wyoming 33.64 30.60 0.128 24.93 22.60 0.184
91208
Table D.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 30.09a 28.49 0.000 14.83a 11.91 0.000 45.02a 41.61 0.000 29.59a 28.42 0.010
Northeast 29.21a 26.27 0.000 14.42a 11.18 0.000 45.89a 40.40 0.000 28.45a 25.78 0.001
Midwest 32.85a 31.23 0.002 16.97a 13.79 0.000 49.35a 46.95 0.000 32.12b 30.82 0.051
South 31.66a 30.23 0.005 15.72a 12.27 0.000 45.84a 42.27 0.000 31.39 30.55 0.197
West 25.56 24.92 0.321 11.70a 10.16 0.004 38.83a 36.60 0.013 25.15 24.84 0.708
Alabama 33.02 32.67 0.852 16.66 14.67 0.220 45.20 47.45 0.341 33.07 32.50 0.812
Alaska 30.73 29.60 0.526 16.39b 13.56 0.087 48.43 44.74 0.173 30.42 29.26 0.614
Arizona 30.45 27.86 0.160 15.11a 11.07 0.008 39.80 41.26 0.611 31.00 27.86 0.180
Arkansas 39.35b 35.88 0.065 19.57a 14.87 0.004 55.88a 48.56 0.005 39.12 36.52 0.272
California 22.45 22.51 0.955 9.22 8.36 0.277 35.14 33.03 0.131 22.07 22.54 0.712
Colorado 31.24 30.10 0.526 17.44b 14.07 0.052 49.95 48.19 0.501 29.86 29.07 0.725
Connecticut 27.06 26.45 0.730 15.19a 11.47 0.020 46.14 42.95 0.194 25.86 25.79 0.974
Delaware 29.52 30.29 0.664 16.30a 12.39 0.012 46.47 43.92 0.298 28.32 30.27 0.383
District of Columbia 29.21 29.48 0.879 9.53 9.40 0.923 37.39 37.41 0.994 29.34 29.68 0.884
Florida 28.14 28.56 0.704 14.34a 11.40 0.001 41.55 40.34 0.402 27.91 28.76 0.529
Georgia 30.88 31.39 0.774 15.79 13.37 0.130 41.74 42.28 0.841 31.07 32.07 0.658
Hawaii 24.62 24.15 0.786 12.33 10.04 0.110 36.59 38.82 0.402 24.37 23.47 0.676
Idaho 28.09b 25.30 0.074 14.70a 10.75 0.008 43.08a 37.84 0.046 27.13 25.18 0.328
Illinois 30.91 29.69 0.242 14.97a 12.92 0.023 46.68b 44.25 0.092 30.33 29.34 0.453
Indiana 33.09 32.91 0.918 16.84 15.11 0.284 49.30 47.51 0.476 32.42 32.82 0.857
Iowa 30.88 28.79 0.221 16.34a 12.58 0.021 48.67a 41.50 0.004 29.44 28.60 0.698
Kansas 31.24 30.47 0.665 15.57 13.23 0.146 45.68 49.31 0.161 30.73 29.28 0.525
Kentucky 39.78 38.47 0.512 23.18a 18.01 0.006 58.88b 54.37 0.076 38.54 38.51 0.990
Louisiana 32.70 30.73 0.250 17.58a 11.57 0.000 48.21a 41.51 0.006 31.87 31.30 0.798
Maine 31.33 29.85 0.435 13.55 12.70 0.575 50.44 46.30 0.108 30.69 29.50 0.612
Maryland 27.13 25.30 0.269 12.70a 9.37 0.014 42.05a 36.79 0.040 26.76 25.47 0.529
Massachusetts 26.09 24.37 0.273 14.37a 10.74 0.014 42.53 39.11 0.189 24.88 23.45 0.465
Michigan 32.56a 30.24 0.027 15.89a 13.07 0.002 47.64 45.72 0.127 32.32b 29.95 0.079
Minnesota 31.44 29.85 0.351 17.69a 13.76 0.012 51.31 49.23 0.413 29.78 28.57 0.575
Mississippi 35.49a 31.18 0.018 16.57a 11.18 0.000 47.77a 41.90 0.019 35.87 32.09 0.106
Missouri 36.69a 32.56 0.018 21.01a 13.90 0.000 51.76b 47.06 0.059 36.19 32.57 0.101
Montana 34.18a 30.30 0.025 21.16a 15.46 0.001 53.76a 48.81 0.043 32.51 29.03 0.115
Nebraska 30.59 29.12 0.406 18.86a 13.35 0.001 48.81b 43.80 0.061 28.76 28.45 0.892
Nevada 34.99a 29.75 0.010 15.31a 11.75 0.035 42.38 40.22 0.419 36.47a 30.54 0.022
New Hampshire 31.71a 26.80 0.006 16.82a 12.34 0.005 50.33a 42.80 0.003 30.86a 26.18 0.035
New Jersey 26.84 25.65 0.517 13.65a 9.67 0.007 44.45a 37.10 0.005 26.04 25.92 0.960
New Mexico 29.03 26.82 0.203 15.37 13.08 0.176 45.26 43.90 0.602 28.14 25.56 0.246
New York 28.82a 24.39 0.000 12.78a 10.41 0.006 43.64a 38.35 0.000 28.40a 23.66 0.000
North Carolina 35.90a 31.58 0.023 17.97a 13.56 0.005 50.13a 43.99 0.019 35.88b 31.87 0.089
North Dakota 32.51 30.15 0.180 20.88a 14.64 0.001 49.74 49.55 0.941 30.50 27.73 0.216
Ohio 36.03a 33.88 0.050 17.27a 14.76 0.010 51.79 51.04 0.585 35.91b 33.54 0.093
Oklahoma 35.86 33.19 0.157 17.60b 14.51 0.082 52.96a 46.63 0.018 35.16 33.21 0.423
Oregon 30.19 29.90 0.869 14.42 14.38 0.979 46.63b 42.37 0.073 29.46 29.81 0.873
Pennsylvania 32.94a 29.78 0.002 16.75a 13.03 0.000 50.17a 44.29 0.000 32.24a 29.47 0.032
Rhode Island 31.14 28.83 0.219 16.13a 12.58 0.034 51.46b 46.48 0.062 29.29 27.54 0.457
South Carolina 31.92 31.60 0.854 15.52a 12.06 0.019 48.06 44.59 0.158 31.27 31.97 0.756
South Dakota 35.10a 30.31 0.006 22.82a 14.66 0.000 57.69a 50.00 0.003 32.53b 28.79 0.094
Tennessee 33.84 33.70 0.941 17.17a 13.81 0.046 46.30 45.78 0.840 33.86 34.30 0.837
Texas 29.68b 27.75 0.062 13.45a 10.50 0.001 42.47a 38.85 0.013 29.73 28.21 0.251
Utah 19.67 17.90 0.284 8.43 7.45 0.478 25.46 24.03 0.591 20.09 18.13 0.374
Vermont 30.64 28.91 0.355 18.33a 14.68 0.041 52.64a 46.48 0.015 28.49 27.73 0.744
Virginia 29.73 27.09 0.129 15.40a 11.75 0.018 47.83a 40.38 0.003 28.70 26.78 0.375
Washington 26.76 26.92 0.920 13.22 12.61 0.683 45.81a 40.67 0.041 25.37 26.51 0.575
West Virginia 37.22 36.73 0.803 21.34a 16.65 0.009 54.26 53.43 0.735 36.30 36.52 0.923
Wisconsin 30.55 31.71 0.526 17.30b 14.37 0.073 50.41 46.55 0.131 28.84 31.39 0.265
Wyoming 34.00 35.16 0.540 16.34 19.37 0.108 55.18 51.38 0.135 32.55 34.31 0.471
91208
Table D.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 25.71a 24.08 0.000 12.57a 9.46 0.000 40.50a 35.93 0.000 24.95a 23.97 0.041
Northeast 25.27a 22.36 0.000 12.72a 8.78 0.000 41.63a 34.65 0.000 24.27a 21.99 0.005
Midwest 28.10a 26.26 0.000 14.63a 10.95 0.000 44.57a 40.74 0.000 27.04a 25.78 0.048
South 26.76a 25.46 0.005 13.21a 9.95 0.000 40.76a 36.59 0.000 26.19 25.60 0.343
West 22.03 21.22 0.199 9.47a 7.83 0.000 35.22a 31.46 0.000 21.45 21.22 0.774
Alabama 26.43 27.18 0.657 13.69 11.31 0.106 39.24 38.47 0.750 25.88 27.33 0.501
Alaska 25.71 24.18 0.359 13.25a 9.13 0.002 43.97a 38.72 0.041 24.96 23.80 0.592
Arizona 27.51a 23.94 0.043 12.84a 9.34 0.011 38.85 34.63 0.105 27.60 24.11 0.123
Arkansas 32.84 31.10 0.353 16.05b 13.12 0.067 50.97a 43.74 0.005 31.92 31.36 0.812
California 19.36 19.35 0.998 7.48 6.63 0.221 31.77a 28.54 0.014 18.83 19.44 0.616
Colorado 26.76 25.14 0.336 13.74a 9.89 0.009 44.56 42.12 0.367 25.43 24.20 0.557
Connecticut 23.78 21.86 0.247 13.45a 8.86 0.001 41.56b 36.95 0.069 22.56 21.15 0.495
Delaware 26.09 26.35 0.870 14.07a 9.65 0.001 42.69 40.09 0.294 24.79 26.17 0.493
District of Columbia 26.12 27.01 0.633 7.10 6.92 0.860 33.26 34.35 0.668 26.40 27.34 0.684
Florida 23.99 24.03 0.965 12.26a 9.13 0.000 36.75 34.63 0.130 23.59 24.15 0.648
Georgia 25.80 26.00 0.900 12.83a 9.81 0.022 35.48 36.79 0.596 25.91 26.44 0.793
Hawaii 21.97 21.62 0.833 8.78 6.88 0.108 34.32 35.74 0.602 21.77 21.09 0.739
Idaho 23.95 21.66 0.121 12.48a 8.81 0.005 39.02a 33.15 0.018 22.68 21.48 0.530
Illinois 26.77 25.23 0.119 13.00a 10.18 0.001 42.75a 39.02 0.009 25.85 24.78 0.402
Indiana 28.33 27.56 0.648 14.39 11.97 0.105 44.94 42.25 0.286 27.26 27.16 0.961
Iowa 26.45b 23.72 0.100 14.27a 10.27 0.004 41.91a 34.68 0.005 25.14 23.49 0.428
Kansas 25.95 25.29 0.682 13.95a 11.01 0.041 39.62 42.17 0.327 25.06 24.06 0.632
Kentucky 34.77 32.19 0.170 17.62b 14.47 0.066 53.06a 47.11 0.023 33.74 32.04 0.471
Louisiana 28.27 26.51 0.291 15.01a 9.48 0.000 42.36a 35.56 0.004 27.45 27.12 0.880
Maine 26.82 26.35 0.799 12.16 10.91 0.366 43.89 42.77 0.671 26.10 25.81 0.899
Maryland 23.22 21.47 0.256 11.08a 7.82 0.005 35.91b 31.76 0.092 22.88 21.54 0.488
Massachusetts 22.42b 19.91 0.095 11.69a 7.81 0.002 38.40a 31.38 0.005 21.16 19.37 0.339
Michigan 28.19a 25.47 0.006 13.59a 10.34 0.000 42.81a 39.70 0.022 27.74a 25.11 0.041
Minnesota 26.87 25.18 0.290 15.67a 11.10 0.002 48.22b 43.11 0.052 24.59 23.89 0.731
Mississippi 29.41a 25.29 0.015 12.83a 9.08 0.004 41.57a 35.45 0.009 29.46b 25.76 0.091
Missouri 31.51a 27.23 0.014 17.88a 11.30 0.000 47.59a 39.85 0.002 30.56 27.20 0.124
Montana 27.71a 23.30 0.007 16.10a 10.84 0.000 44.96a 38.25 0.006 26.26b 22.34 0.058
Nebraska 25.93 24.67 0.438 16.36a 10.46 0.000 43.92a 37.54 0.014 23.84 24.14 0.888
Nevada 30.50b 26.63 0.060 12.73b 9.95 0.058 36.40 35.01 0.595 31.95b 27.56 0.089
New Hampshire 26.17a 22.34 0.014 14.03a 9.38 0.001 44.80a 36.67 0.001 24.94 21.79 0.107
New Jersey 23.42 22.35 0.535 11.83a 7.29 0.000 40.67a 33.48 0.003 22.46 22.55 0.966
New Mexico 24.05 22.65 0.401 12.34 10.53 0.221 38.45 38.22 0.930 23.19 21.44 0.410
New York 25.46a 21.27 0.000 11.81a 8.30 0.000 40.17a 33.33 0.000 24.76a 20.75 0.002
North Carolina 29.69b 26.57 0.076 14.78a 10.94 0.009 45.89a 38.89 0.008 28.95 26.56 0.273
North Dakota 27.53 25.08 0.153 17.53a 11.49 0.000 42.78 40.36 0.339 25.71 23.36 0.282
Ohio 30.48a 28.14 0.024 14.52a 11.35 0.000 46.03b 43.24 0.051 30.00 27.84 0.102
Oklahoma 30.28b 27.34 0.098 14.96b 12.11 0.063 44.71 40.39 0.104 29.67 26.98 0.233
Oregon 24.96 24.38 0.716 11.29 9.46 0.163 41.49a 34.43 0.003 23.94 24.60 0.742
Pennsylvania 27.68a 24.83 0.006 14.73a 10.61 0.000 44.78a 37.13 0.000 26.59 24.57 0.121
Rhode Island 27.35b 24.69 0.098 13.72a 9.81 0.006 47.60a 39.72 0.004 25.34 23.73 0.427
South Carolina 26.85 27.26 0.803 12.21 10.03 0.101 42.88 39.32 0.157 25.97 27.49 0.470
South Dakota 30.31a 24.55 0.000 19.79a 11.61 0.000 51.76a 40.49 0.000 27.70a 23.36 0.034
Tennessee 28.03 28.34 0.855 14.33a 11.12 0.026 38.83 38.68 0.953 27.95 28.87 0.665
Texas 25.56a 23.41 0.030 11.65a 8.80 0.001 39.18a 33.81 0.000 25.09 23.61 0.254
Utah 16.74 15.34 0.351 6.57 5.77 0.519 24.61 21.67 0.229 16.36 15.38 0.631
Vermont 25.43b 22.49 0.068 14.84a 10.40 0.002 47.57a 38.73 0.001 23.03 21.28 0.382
Virginia 25.18 23.24 0.223 14.17a 10.02 0.004 43.38a 35.40 0.001 23.69 22.85 0.676
Washington 23.41 22.65 0.624 10.84 9.38 0.249 42.23a 34.68 0.003 21.93 22.39 0.813
West Virginia 29.52 29.08 0.808 17.34a 12.94 0.006 47.96 45.90 0.426 27.94 28.42 0.829
Wisconsin 25.75 27.40 0.324 15.32a 11.73 0.016 45.48 42.45 0.216 23.67 26.84 0.135
Wyoming 26.81 27.29 0.784 12.78 12.94 0.913 44.46 41.74 0.300 25.50 26.56 0.633
91208
Table D.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 71.27a 73.72 0.000 63.67a 69.26 0.000 65.46a 69.80 0.000 73.33a 74.98 0.000
Northeast 72.37a 76.60 0.000 64.05a 72.02 0.000 66.33a 72.84 0.000 74.39a 77.80 0.000
Midwest 69.07a 70.77 0.001 63.13a 67.91 0.000 62.39a 66.04 0.000 71.10 71.97 0.183
South 70.12a 72.81 0.000 62.02a 67.76 0.000 64.11a 69.06 0.000 72.28a 74.10 0.004
West 74.38b 75.67 0.052 66.41a 70.75 0.000 69.92a 72.10 0.014 76.35 77.00 0.442
Alabama 68.32 68.45 0.947 62.18 63.30 0.639 62.28 65.90 0.127 70.21 69.55 0.789
Alaska 70.30 71.69 0.469 66.56a 71.10 0.043 65.46 66.62 0.638 71.83 72.74 0.707
Arizona 72.74 74.81 0.274 64.39a 71.28 0.004 70.87 69.47 0.571 74.29 76.19 0.417
Arkansas 67.91 69.58 0.371 61.55b 66.00 0.051 60.58a 66.64 0.015 70.08 70.52 0.849
California 76.82 76.94 0.911 67.07a 71.00 0.003 72.52 73.85 0.318 79.05 78.37 0.607
Colorado 70.29a 75.09 0.008 63.77a 69.50 0.012 61.30a 69.46 0.001 72.75b 76.73 0.070
Connecticut 72.67a 77.43 0.006 64.74a 71.81 0.002 67.32a 73.37 0.008 74.49a 78.80 0.041
Delaware 71.47a 75.51 0.025 63.20a 72.42 0.000 64.70a 71.85 0.002 73.70 76.51 0.201
District of Columbia 74.89a 78.85 0.022 61.87a 67.49 0.022 74.31 76.12 0.441 76.17a 80.56 0.037
Florida 72.89a 75.36 0.018 63.06a 70.36 0.000 69.14 70.44 0.330 74.62 76.65 0.113
Georgia 71.86 72.51 0.705 64.49b 68.68 0.064 67.39 69.14 0.455 73.73 73.61 0.957
Hawaii 71.12 73.48 0.256 65.39a 72.85 0.002 68.38 70.93 0.304 72.33 73.96 0.523
Idaho 72.24 74.66 0.167 65.57a 70.92 0.013 68.57 70.84 0.326 74.08 75.88 0.409
Illinois 69.57a 73.88 0.000 64.55a 69.16 0.001 63.86a 69.53 0.000 71.28a 75.30 0.003
Indiana 69.12 70.14 0.590 64.18b 68.51 0.055 63.69 67.32 0.114 70.82 70.84 0.996
Iowa 65.85b 69.12 0.079 61.99a 67.37 0.020 60.18 63.91 0.123 67.44 70.27 0.225
Kansas 70.61 69.82 0.685 60.16a 65.61 0.021 63.55 63.19 0.886 73.52 71.65 0.444
Kentucky 62.46 64.95 0.211 58.90a 64.32 0.024 53.67a 58.87 0.044 64.43 65.98 0.526
Louisiana 67.74a 73.29 0.002 59.33a 67.24 0.001 63.25a 70.37 0.002 69.92a 74.70 0.035
Maine 69.25 72.04 0.136 64.49a 69.50 0.029 61.95 65.41 0.144 70.94 73.26 0.307
Maryland 71.76 73.58 0.337 65.27b 69.24 0.082 63.95a 68.91 0.043 73.89 74.93 0.652
Massachusetts 75.55 73.40 0.262 67.22 69.69 0.283 70.84 71.61 0.757 77.31 74.16 0.176
Michigan 70.89 71.19 0.779 64.02b 66.33 0.080 64.00 65.76 0.183 73.07 72.77 0.826
Minnesota 69.68 71.70 0.255 63.18a 69.40 0.005 60.26a 65.89 0.024 72.32 73.00 0.756
Mississippi 68.63 71.14 0.162 59.22a 66.15 0.003 62.94b 67.13 0.085 71.20 72.61 0.533
Missouri 68.02 69.41 0.443 61.78a 66.91 0.021 61.37 64.71 0.176 70.06 70.51 0.840
Montana 71.38 72.80 0.442 64.76 67.86 0.154 66.77 68.24 0.535 73.14 74.20 0.644
Nebraska 69.62 70.98 0.459 63.18b 67.30 0.070 63.58 65.30 0.484 71.72 72.54 0.720
Nevada 69.57b 73.25 0.055 64.24a 70.62 0.006 62.56a 69.40 0.008 71.38 74.15 0.229
New Hampshire 68.63a 74.56 0.002 59.52a 66.44 0.005 61.12a 68.24 0.005 71.05a 76.54 0.018
New Jersey 75.17 77.19 0.250 64.03a 73.69 0.000 66.84a 72.86 0.009 77.79 78.30 0.808
New Mexico 73.04b 76.18 0.088 61.12a 69.23 0.001 67.82a 73.15 0.027 75.88 77.68 0.428
New York 72.81a 79.61 0.000 64.32a 73.38 0.000 67.84a 75.80 0.000 74.71a 81.07 0.000
North Carolina 68.08a 74.65 0.000 60.76a 71.07 0.000 59.40a 70.19 0.000 70.51a 75.82 0.019
North Dakota 66.97 69.80 0.133 61.29a 69.58 0.000 62.84 66.77 0.103 68.62 70.53 0.422
Ohio 67.60a 69.86 0.040 61.92a 68.85 0.000 59.92a 65.02 0.000 69.71 70.79 0.428
Oklahoma 66.52b 70.30 0.054 60.58 64.63 0.102 58.78a 67.18 0.001 68.86 71.63 0.262
Oregon 72.21 72.73 0.776 68.14 68.02 0.961 69.69 68.81 0.697 73.18 73.89 0.746
Pennsylvania 68.77a 73.66 0.000 62.31a 70.64 0.000 61.54a 69.54 0.000 70.77a 74.71 0.003
Rhode Island 73.34 75.80 0.192 65.01a 73.26 0.000 72.97 73.73 0.750 74.43 76.50 0.368
South Carolina 69.38 72.11 0.151 62.27b 66.67 0.056 61.91a 67.72 0.020 71.66 73.52 0.422
South Dakota 65.09a 69.94 0.012 60.68a 68.10 0.002 56.27a 66.67 0.000 67.49 70.79 0.166
Tennessee 66.84a 70.94 0.022 62.38 64.81 0.310 60.70a 66.91 0.013 68.44b 72.31 0.073
Texas 71.88 73.43 0.128 61.14a 66.76 0.000 66.08a 71.13 0.000 74.73 74.85 0.924
Utah 75.00 77.27 0.164 71.49a 77.00 0.010 72.28 73.44 0.621 76.47 78.30 0.390
Vermont 70.15a 77.49 0.000 63.59a 73.43 0.000 62.72a 71.95 0.000 72.30a 78.87 0.002
Virginia 70.95b 74.27 0.056 64.05a 69.73 0.015 66.03 69.41 0.167 72.67 75.66 0.157
Washington 70.63b 73.70 0.091 66.48 68.76 0.305 64.26a 69.69 0.020 72.29 74.96 0.231
West Virginia 67.26 68.79 0.424 59.35a 66.79 0.001 58.54a 64.11 0.028 69.58 69.69 0.962
Wisconsin 69.71 67.67 0.306 63.58 66.40 0.218 63.81 63.14 0.783 71.63 68.60 0.215
Wyoming 68.09 71.30 0.101 64.05a 70.51 0.002 61.46b 66.13 0.065 69.95 72.32 0.324
91208
Table D.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 7.59 7.43 0.300 5.88a 5.14 0.000 17.43 17.02 0.346 6.12 6.08 0.859
Northeast 7.24 7.08 0.590 5.73a 4.82 0.005 17.46 17.28 0.792 5.81 5.66 0.677
Midwest 8.48 8.16 0.218 6.49a 5.72 0.010 19.88 19.00 0.151 6.72 6.61 0.740
South 7.11 6.92 0.370 5.45a 4.56 0.001 16.39b 15.36 0.069 5.73 5.80 0.788
West 7.76 7.81 0.879 6.04 5.71 0.386 16.58 17.46 0.242 6.40 6.35 0.904
Alabama 6.08 6.27 0.782 4.83 4.52 0.673 13.65 13.07 0.722 4.91 5.34 0.595
Alaska 8.63 7.73 0.292 6.15 5.58 0.520 18.79 17.36 0.482 7.37 6.25 0.290
Arizona 9.29 7.91 0.109 7.38 6.06 0.216 19.36 17.51 0.375 7.75 6.54 0.237
Arkansas 7.57 6.94 0.386 6.15 5.30 0.324 17.59 16.38 0.514 5.98 5.61 0.670
California 7.22 7.63 0.379 5.51 5.59 0.893 14.83b 16.81 0.067 6.07 6.18 0.848
Colorado 9.20 9.15 0.954 6.71 6.91 0.853 20.66 22.54 0.378 7.54 7.19 0.725
Connecticut 6.90 8.16 0.118 5.39 6.24 0.381 18.87 19.31 0.825 5.36 6.66 0.173
Delaware 7.65 7.27 0.619 5.76 4.72 0.213 18.17 17.51 0.737 6.08 5.89 0.825
District of Columbia 9.20 9.52 0.753 3.00 3.29 0.620 16.26 18.91 0.173 8.37 8.05 0.788
Florida 6.86 7.18 0.521 5.40 4.80 0.274 16.89 15.33 0.167 5.60 6.24 0.269
Georgia 7.37 6.38 0.191 4.78 3.83 0.199 14.90 13.58 0.438 6.37 5.51 0.336
Hawaii 7.52 8.29 0.418 6.42 5.65 0.496 18.14 17.65 0.815 5.97 7.11 0.307
Idaho 8.45b 7.12 0.075 7.79a 5.63 0.029 18.37 16.87 0.429 6.51 5.61 0.306
Illinois 8.74 8.24 0.338 6.08b 5.17 0.095 19.49 18.65 0.473 7.21 6.79 0.518
Indiana 7.90 6.94 0.170 6.21 5.21 0.270 19.19 16.49 0.138 6.06 5.55 0.535
Iowa 8.25 8.28 0.972 7.56 6.27 0.201 19.67 18.48 0.554 6.18 6.72 0.551
Kansas 7.14 8.28 0.127 5.12 6.04 0.325 18.49 20.28 0.380 5.24 6.33 0.211
Kentucky 6.16 5.66 0.441 5.26 4.04 0.127 14.67 13.17 0.393 4.80 4.68 0.878
Louisiana 7.95 7.10 0.280 5.97a 4.07 0.022 17.56b 14.35 0.080 6.33 6.12 0.828
Maine 7.31 6.90 0.558 5.59 5.10 0.577 18.26 17.90 0.850 5.88 5.56 0.699
Maryland 7.55 7.37 0.807 5.37 4.49 0.266 15.98 16.33 0.835 6.52 6.25 0.766
Massachusetts 8.60 8.17 0.605 7.35a 5.31 0.034 18.47 19.20 0.723 7.18 6.59 0.553
Michigan 8.46 7.72 0.153 6.42b 5.42 0.079 18.29 17.53 0.491 7.05 6.37 0.296
Minnesota 9.01 9.99 0.280 7.24 6.77 0.656 20.99 23.43 0.268 7.08 8.08 0.354
Mississippi 6.46 6.25 0.762 3.78 3.83 0.933 13.96 14.04 0.961 5.35 5.16 0.819
Missouri 7.89 7.70 0.792 6.34 5.73 0.524 19.76 18.37 0.458 6.01 6.19 0.838
Montana 10.70 9.16 0.123 11.21a 7.09 0.002 23.39 23.55 0.943 8.36 6.98 0.248
Nebraska 10.18b 8.58 0.069 8.94a 6.40 0.024 25.16a 19.46 0.007 7.47 6.82 0.539
Nevada 8.01 7.91 0.897 6.93 6.02 0.362 16.19 17.57 0.485 6.88 6.73 0.881
New Hampshire 9.09b 7.72 0.086 7.54a 5.61 0.044 23.21 20.38 0.176 7.10 6.06 0.264
New Jersey 6.30 6.75 0.500 5.16 4.40 0.354 16.62 16.72 0.958 4.97 5.53 0.481
New Mexico 10.01a 7.90 0.026 7.73 5.92 0.119 22.68b 18.97 0.096 8.01b 6.14 0.099
New York 7.15 7.06 0.865 5.59 4.76 0.130 15.84 17.00 0.297 5.90 5.58 0.605
North Carolina 6.75 6.85 0.884 5.66b 4.23 0.069 16.54 16.14 0.835 5.25 5.68 0.595
North Dakota 10.83 9.31 0.107 10.33a 6.91 0.007 27.11a 22.14 0.034 7.49 6.71 0.482
Ohio 7.90 7.95 0.927 5.80 5.57 0.673 18.54 18.10 0.696 6.36 6.58 0.724
Oklahoma 6.92 6.99 0.922 5.68 4.73 0.276 17.03 16.88 0.939 5.15 5.48 0.696
Oregon 7.37 7.74 0.610 5.84 5.82 0.981 17.83 17.86 0.989 5.79 6.40 0.474
Pennsylvania 6.93 6.33 0.175 5.34b 4.36 0.071 18.08b 15.95 0.052 5.33 5.00 0.524
Rhode Island 10.10a 7.75 0.008 6.62 5.30 0.151 25.59a 17.88 0.000 7.70 6.17 0.147
South Carolina 7.88 7.39 0.532 4.83 4.44 0.602 19.48a 15.82 0.050 6.23 6.39 0.865
South Dakota 10.79b 9.05 0.056 9.77a 6.43 0.004 26.15 22.55 0.104 7.93 6.93 0.361
Tennessee 5.97 6.74 0.257 4.77 4.44 0.685 14.83 15.88 0.591 4.63 5.63 0.201
Texas 7.62b 6.88 0.090 5.84b 4.87 0.091 16.78b 14.83 0.067 6.10 5.68 0.428
Utah 6.87 6.43 0.555 4.72 4.12 0.463 12.98 12.65 0.846 5.50 5.23 0.779
Vermont 7.77 7.50 0.720 6.45 5.49 0.301 19.28 19.42 0.947 5.96 5.80 0.851
Virginia 7.33 7.78 0.560 6.18 5.16 0.236 17.60 18.96 0.479 5.81 6.23 0.649
Washington 7.47 7.99 0.483 5.83 5.47 0.686 18.24 18.44 0.916 5.85 6.63 0.375
West Virginia 6.52 6.35 0.809 6.32b 4.64 0.054 16.12 16.21 0.959 4.99 5.11 0.876
Wisconsin 9.53 8.86 0.428 7.19 6.56 0.570 23.30 21.95 0.516 7.39 6.93 0.646
Wyoming 9.23 8.81 0.626 7.54 7.36 0.869 23.24b 19.50 0.072 6.81 7.10 0.779
91208
Table D.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 3.34 3.46 0.321 2.09 2.04 0.686 6.87 7.23 0.144 2.90 2.99 0.528
Northeast 3.35 3.37 0.911 2.13 1.93 0.306 6.80 7.26 0.280 2.95 2.90 0.826
Midwest 3.51 3.54 0.836 2.19 2.13 0.687 7.70 7.53 0.631 2.94 3.04 0.639
South 3.14 3.35 0.179 1.94 1.92 0.935 6.42 6.69 0.409 2.73 2.97 0.236
West 3.48 3.62 0.495 2.19 2.21 0.919 6.77a 7.75 0.036 3.06 3.07 0.977
Alabama 2.76 3.09 0.429 1.67 1.98 0.514 5.54 5.81 0.778 2.41 2.78 0.502
Alaska 3.75 3.78 0.954 2.33 2.10 0.654 7.09 7.65 0.640 3.45 3.32 0.837
Arizona 3.91 3.46 0.382 3.20 2.33 0.185 7.94 7.30 0.616 3.29 2.97 0.624
Arkansas 3.29 3.50 0.639 2.34 1.98 0.448 6.90 7.78 0.476 2.77 3.00 0.696
California 3.40 3.65 0.449 1.87 2.19 0.342 6.11a 7.79 0.016 3.13 3.07 0.884
Colorado 3.73 3.74 0.987 2.51 2.30 0.705 7.74 8.70 0.465 3.20 3.09 0.860
Connecticut 2.96 3.50 0.249 1.88 2.14 0.633 6.60 7.81 0.300 2.57 2.99 0.470
Delaware 3.43 3.32 0.799 1.93 1.95 0.965 7.50 6.77 0.519 2.93 2.92 0.985
District of Columbia 4.81 4.91 0.892 1.44 1.28 0.684 6.76b 9.33 0.053 4.73 4.28 0.612
Florida 2.91b 3.48 0.075 1.79 2.02 0.478 6.45 6.74 0.673 2.54 3.16 0.118
Georgia 3.19 3.30 0.816 1.65 1.78 0.775 5.26 5.87 0.546 3.04 3.08 0.943
Hawaii 3.52 3.50 0.973 2.87b 1.78 0.085 7.21 7.83 0.640 3.02 3.02 0.994
Idaho 3.66 3.15 0.266 2.83 2.23 0.302 7.23 6.89 0.766 3.06 2.61 0.455
Illinois 3.73 3.71 0.958 2.25 1.97 0.398 7.59 8.05 0.514 3.25 3.16 0.852
Indiana 3.17 3.33 0.693 2.19 2.10 0.852 7.47 7.37 0.926 2.52 2.82 0.572
Iowa 3.15 3.45 0.487 2.71 2.39 0.561 6.94 6.66 0.800 2.49 3.01 0.360
Kansas 2.88b 3.70 0.053 1.81 2.19 0.449 6.81 8.15 0.251 2.28 3.06 0.148
Kentucky 2.81 3.10 0.472 1.92 1.96 0.936 5.98 6.73 0.459 2.37 2.66 0.561
Louisiana 3.87 3.53 0.503 2.67b 1.73 0.077 7.50 6.25 0.264 3.32 3.25 0.914
Maine 3.33 3.33 1.000 2.36 2.01 0.495 8.12 7.86 0.829 2.73 2.84 0.844
Maryland 3.63 3.57 0.905 1.94 1.75 0.654 6.20 7.46 0.263 3.46 3.16 0.645
Massachusetts 3.95 3.50 0.373 2.89 2.05 0.116 7.45 7.68 0.850 3.52 2.95 0.374
Michigan 3.80 3.38 0.206 2.26 2.01 0.430 7.73 6.89 0.230 3.34 2.97 0.384
Minnesota 3.56 3.94 0.461 2.57 2.36 0.707 7.62 7.54 0.949 2.97 3.52 0.394
Mississippi 3.11 3.31 0.675 1.37 1.63 0.521 5.05b 7.07 0.067 2.98 2.86 0.842
Missouri 3.17 3.16 0.977 1.87 2.09 0.633 7.60 6.51 0.311 2.57 2.74 0.747
Montana 4.43 4.18 0.694 4.75a 2.15 0.001 9.64 11.23 0.324 3.46 3.25 0.786
Nebraska 3.85 3.43 0.366 2.85 2.29 0.339 7.99 7.71 0.827 3.20 2.78 0.471
Nevada 3.44 3.45 0.989 2.23 2.35 0.829 6.84 6.49 0.743 3.07 3.14 0.909
New Hampshire 3.48 3.44 0.928 2.32 2.30 0.971 7.69 7.87 0.876 2.98 2.91 0.893
New Jersey 2.97 3.02 0.917 1.81 1.93 0.794 6.57 5.62 0.365 2.61 2.76 0.797
New Mexico 4.05 3.75 0.569 2.72 2.36 0.582 9.90 8.91 0.512 3.17 2.99 0.786
New York 3.60 3.62 0.948 2.17 1.97 0.529 6.48b 7.78 0.068 3.30 3.09 0.634
North Carolina 3.05 3.43 0.411 1.93 1.71 0.609 6.13 6.94 0.461 2.69 3.08 0.496
North Dakota 3.75 3.62 0.781 3.25 2.47 0.208 8.42 8.07 0.785 2.84 2.76 0.890
Ohio 3.39 3.54 0.661 1.72 2.08 0.246 7.87 7.70 0.815 2.85 3.04 0.653
Oklahoma 2.86 3.45 0.155 2.02 2.06 0.938 6.61 7.56 0.413 2.26 2.89 0.233
Oregon 3.31 3.56 0.598 2.13 2.06 0.875 7.26 7.43 0.881 2.80 3.14 0.566
Pennsylvania 2.90 3.05 0.637 1.89 1.69 0.529 6.56 6.94 0.579 2.44 2.58 0.722
Rhode Island 4.39 3.75 0.281 2.41 1.99 0.439 10.70a 6.96 0.006 3.49 3.38 0.882
South Carolina 3.64 3.61 0.963 1.76 1.99 0.616 7.93 6.47 0.201 3.13 3.36 0.725
South Dakota 4.50 3.58 0.102 3.86a 2.00 0.004 8.72 8.98 0.853 3.77 2.80 0.177
Tennessee 2.71 3.25 0.219 1.71 1.89 0.708 5.87 6.95 0.329 2.31 2.86 0.317
Texas 3.11 3.08 0.921 1.93 2.02 0.783 6.69 6.22 0.481 2.60 2.65 0.898
Utah 3.14 3.39 0.523 1.77 1.91 0.759 5.61 6.48 0.387 2.67 2.86 0.731
Vermont 3.25 3.77 0.297 2.90 2.28 0.290 7.10 7.91 0.486 2.64 3.27 0.317
Virginia 3.48 3.53 0.913 2.60 2.08 0.300 7.38 7.67 0.801 2.96 3.02 0.929
Washington 3.16 3.74 0.204 2.19 2.31 0.827 7.44 7.88 0.709 2.56 3.26 0.226
West Virginia 2.74 3.25 0.254 2.30 2.08 0.664 6.01 7.28 0.249 2.26 2.79 0.334
Wisconsin 3.64 3.73 0.861 2.27 2.45 0.741 8.56 8.08 0.699 2.95 3.15 0.749
Wyoming 3.57 3.45 0.803 2.40 2.71 0.603 8.17 6.70 0.212 2.87 2.96 0.875
91208
Table D.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.95b 2.78 0.058 5.35a 4.47 0.000 8.02 7.85 0.462 1.74 1.69 0.656
Northeast 2.97 2.79 0.206 5.45a 4.15 0.000 8.99 8.63 0.447 1.70 1.64 0.726
Midwest 2.84 2.67 0.159 5.47a 4.64 0.003 7.69 7.46 0.510 1.60 1.59 0.908
South 2.92 2.81 0.346 5.22a 4.31 0.000 7.53 7.59 0.859 1.80 1.80 0.997
West 3.09 2.84 0.103 5.36 4.81 0.136 8.36 8.00 0.451 1.79 1.64 0.371
Alabama 2.68 3.07 0.289 4.67 4.18 0.530 6.53 7.88 0.214 1.73 2.11 0.372
Alaska 3.13 2.93 0.558 6.31 4.81 0.109 8.57 7.88 0.575 1.62 1.71 0.812
Arizona 3.35 3.13 0.585 6.83a 4.72 0.042 8.15 8.79 0.633 1.98 1.95 0.946
Arkansas 2.96 2.94 0.956 5.13 4.70 0.617 7.94 7.71 0.845 1.77 1.93 0.670
California 3.01 2.66 0.116 4.93 4.64 0.591 7.82 7.64 0.813 1.84 1.43 0.105
Colorado 3.23 3.39 0.696 5.02 5.39 0.699 10.20 9.61 0.679 1.78 2.11 0.451
Connecticut 2.88 2.88 0.989 5.41 4.34 0.215 9.20 9.28 0.949 1.62 1.69 0.863
Delaware 3.03 3.06 0.946 5.26 4.62 0.462 8.03 9.14 0.385 1.89 1.85 0.932
District of Columbia 3.96 4.49 0.363 4.30 3.78 0.522 8.72 9.97 0.390 2.99 3.34 0.614
Florida 3.12 2.68 0.108 5.77a 4.29 0.009 8.41 7.58 0.281 2.04 1.78 0.410
Georgia 2.88 3.03 0.675 4.93 3.91 0.217 6.35 8.05 0.133 1.95 2.05 0.810
Hawaii 2.75 2.52 0.572 5.77 4.89 0.413 8.13 6.77 0.287 1.48 1.57 0.835
Idaho 2.93 2.78 0.630 6.02 5.05 0.301 7.66 7.63 0.975 1.46 1.59 0.686
Illinois 2.81b 2.40 0.057 5.36a 4.20 0.035 7.69 6.61 0.114 1.59 1.41 0.445
Indiana 2.84 3.09 0.461 4.68 5.50 0.395 7.88 8.43 0.647 1.64 1.87 0.559
Iowa 2.52a 1.69 0.005 4.81 3.60 0.135 6.61b 4.90 0.095 1.44b 0.87 0.070
Kansas 2.52 2.08 0.156 4.35 4.40 0.947 6.66 5.60 0.313 1.44 1.10 0.293
Kentucky 2.80b 3.43 0.086 5.24 4.58 0.446 7.41b 9.75 0.070 1.69 2.30 0.153
Louisiana 3.34 2.85 0.225 5.07b 3.75 0.087 7.63 7.28 0.763 2.21 1.87 0.444
Maine 2.94 2.91 0.926 5.66 4.60 0.238 9.78 10.03 0.857 1.57 1.72 0.690
Maryland 3.02 2.78 0.512 5.22b 3.82 0.098 9.15 7.57 0.200 1.75 1.85 0.809
Massachusetts 3.63 3.09 0.185 6.44a 4.29 0.022 11.41 10.29 0.480 2.05 1.70 0.397
Michigan 2.99 2.94 0.849 6.16a 4.77 0.015 7.52 8.25 0.284 1.75 1.79 0.881
Minnesota 2.75 2.78 0.922 5.73 4.69 0.248 7.45 8.04 0.622 1.48 1.63 0.665
Mississippi 2.85 2.38 0.196 4.23 3.35 0.226 6.79 6.66 0.908 1.84 1.45 0.344
Missouri 3.01 2.78 0.506 5.13 4.75 0.653 8.54 7.96 0.623 1.74 1.66 0.848
Montana 3.19 2.87 0.363 7.18a 4.56 0.010 8.48 8.82 0.795 1.69 1.65 0.933
Nebraska 2.84a 2.10 0.020 5.92b 4.34 0.083 7.04 5.81 0.237 1.59 1.11 0.152
Nevada 2.98 3.23 0.551 5.98 5.42 0.587 8.03 8.70 0.606 1.78 2.14 0.439
New Hampshire 3.37 2.97 0.295 6.95b 5.08 0.068 11.18 8.81 0.109 1.67 1.82 0.698
New Jersey 2.69 2.36 0.300 5.06 4.19 0.304 7.82 7.34 0.692 1.65 1.37 0.403
New Mexico 3.81 3.38 0.377 6.05 5.89 0.887 11.15 9.14 0.214 2.09 1.98 0.833
New York 3.03 3.11 0.752 5.28a 4.17 0.043 8.87 9.10 0.769 1.78 1.92 0.629
North Carolina 2.94 2.43 0.120 5.67a 4.01 0.045 7.39 7.16 0.834 1.83 1.47 0.316
North Dakota 2.79a 2.06 0.017 5.89a 4.04 0.044 7.33 5.62 0.119 1.41 1.00 0.177
Ohio 2.93 3.02 0.710 5.61 5.04 0.314 8.36 8.65 0.681 1.63 1.83 0.465
Oklahoma 2.85 2.66 0.551 5.13 4.30 0.326 7.89 6.86 0.369 1.56 1.67 0.752
Oregon 3.05 3.43 0.326 5.27 4.98 0.749 9.44 9.65 0.870 1.67 2.29 0.157
Pennsylvania 2.60b 2.23 0.078 5.11a 3.73 0.008 7.76 7.04 0.330 1.44 1.26 0.415
Rhode Island 3.90 4.41 0.335 6.15 4.93 0.235 12.71 12.50 0.904 2.02 2.85 0.159
South Carolina 2.85 3.11 0.480 4.67 4.57 0.904 7.87 7.95 0.951 1.72 2.13 0.302
South Dakota 2.67 2.26 0.157 5.83 4.43 0.115 7.10 6.67 0.699 1.32 1.17 0.593
Tennessee 2.80 2.86 0.870 4.85 4.17 0.386 7.08 8.25 0.346 1.82 1.87 0.886
Texas 2.73 2.71 0.913 5.14 4.78 0.532 6.89 6.85 0.952 1.53 1.61 0.759
Utah 2.85 3.02 0.624 4.75 5.02 0.768 5.98 7.02 0.324 1.57 1.65 0.830
Vermont 3.63a 2.80 0.023 7.86a 4.55 0.002 12.03b 9.47 0.088 1.62 1.50 0.743
Virginia 3.03 2.85 0.598 5.67 4.44 0.183 8.55 8.38 0.894 1.79 1.71 0.847
Washington 3.29a 2.52 0.019 6.05 4.68 0.151 10.50a 7.50 0.017 1.67 1.45 0.522
West Virginia 2.96 2.84 0.751 5.58 4.32 0.146 9.27 8.06 0.346 1.64 1.92 0.474
Wisconsin 2.71 2.55 0.604 5.86b 4.33 0.092 7.28 6.94 0.756 1.45 1.58 0.709
Wyoming 2.64 2.39 0.386 4.53 4.56 0.976 8.18 6.90 0.278 1.32 1.31 0.976
91208
Table D.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 1.91 1.92 0.868 2.97a 2.43 0.000 5.36 5.53 0.396 1.16 1.23 0.456
Northeast 1.97 1.96 0.936 3.07a 2.34 0.001 6.12 6.03 0.814 1.17 1.23 0.638
Midwest 1.86 1.85 0.962 3.07a 2.55 0.009 5.14 5.30 0.563 1.10 1.16 0.579
South 1.89 1.91 0.849 2.93a 2.29 0.000 5.02 5.35 0.210 1.20 1.28 0.518
West 1.93 1.97 0.740 2.84 2.58 0.320 5.54 5.65 0.765 1.13 1.22 0.560
Alabama 1.77 1.91 0.546 2.56 2.31 0.651 4.65 5.31 0.423 1.15 1.29 0.621
Alaska 2.08 2.07 0.958 3.33 2.75 0.384 6.00 5.61 0.684 1.18 1.29 0.696
Arizona 1.98 1.98 0.985 3.77b 2.51 0.090 5.88 5.84 0.968 1.02 1.25 0.403
Arkansas 1.95 2.02 0.790 2.97 2.55 0.477 5.29 5.32 0.977 1.22 1.41 0.510
California 1.88 1.92 0.783 2.62 2.42 0.601 5.22 5.67 0.446 1.15 1.14 0.965
Colorado 2.01 2.10 0.753 2.78 2.87 0.884 6.46 5.78 0.528 1.13 1.39 0.397
Connecticut 1.86 1.95 0.692 2.89 2.53 0.555 6.08 6.19 0.907 1.11 1.21 0.702
Delaware 1.98 2.09 0.675 2.87 2.46 0.456 5.65 6.15 0.612 1.23 1.37 0.645
District of Columbia 2.95 3.05 0.835 2.06 1.97 0.867 6.26 7.02 0.490 2.37 2.27 0.869
Florida 2.02 1.83 0.311 3.20a 2.27 0.022 5.83 5.32 0.405 1.34 1.26 0.746
Georgia 1.86 2.03 0.522 2.73 2.13 0.290 3.89b 5.27 0.099 1.37 1.47 0.756
Hawaii 1.70 1.67 0.922 2.87 2.84 0.976 5.39 4.58 0.415 0.96 1.08 0.713
Idaho 1.79 1.89 0.656 3.18 3.00 0.796 4.67 5.28 0.496 0.97 1.13 0.522
Illinois 1.89 1.72 0.347 3.26b 2.41 0.059 5.00 4.78 0.693 1.15 1.08 0.734
Indiana 1.85 2.04 0.464 2.80 2.84 0.954 5.21 5.67 0.612 1.10 1.32 0.454
Iowa 1.61 1.32 0.185 2.53 2.16 0.514 4.51 3.88 0.403 0.94 0.76 0.457
Kansas 1.67 1.56 0.623 2.66 2.48 0.767 4.66 4.18 0.562 0.95 0.94 0.964
Kentucky 1.91 2.26 0.205 3.31 2.56 0.241 4.94b 6.52 0.098 1.21 1.55 0.271
Louisiana 2.17 2.13 0.896 2.67 2.08 0.268 5.07 5.63 0.535 1.51 1.45 0.886
Maine 1.74 1.95 0.353 2.90 2.55 0.556 6.39 6.73 0.739 0.90 1.22 0.190
Maryland 2.00 1.95 0.849 2.95b 1.96 0.082 5.85 5.12 0.425 1.26 1.42 0.640
Massachusetts 2.43 2.14 0.356 3.46 2.54 0.171 8.33 6.68 0.185 1.36 1.31 0.872
Michigan 1.93 1.99 0.735 3.34 2.72 0.142 5.16 5.65 0.383 1.16 1.27 0.636
Minnesota 1.76 1.84 0.751 3.42 2.71 0.283 5.02 5.56 0.547 0.94 1.08 0.571
Mississippi 1.84 1.69 0.562 2.49 1.98 0.323 4.25 4.67 0.590 1.25 1.10 0.619
Missouri 1.88 1.89 0.945 2.94 2.68 0.678 5.55 5.50 0.953 1.08 1.20 0.665
Montana 1.90 1.91 0.953 3.62b 2.40 0.068 5.37 5.63 0.770 1.03 1.22 0.470
Nebraska 1.93 1.58 0.171 3.47 2.49 0.164 4.68 4.34 0.673 1.17 0.94 0.410
Nevada 1.91 1.94 0.922 3.41 2.81 0.390 5.52 5.83 0.749 1.15 1.25 0.722
New Hampshire 2.07 2.14 0.798 3.19 2.90 0.665 7.36 6.19 0.285 1.10 1.43 0.255
New Jersey 1.72 1.63 0.695 2.80 2.28 0.363 5.52 4.95 0.526 1.04 1.04 0.990
New Mexico 2.11 2.26 0.634 3.12 3.38 0.746 6.94 6.18 0.535 1.05 1.39 0.324
New York 2.10 2.23 0.532 3.18a 2.27 0.023 6.03 6.66 0.333 1.31 1.44 0.593
North Carolina 1.89 1.75 0.570 3.30 2.33 0.111 4.96 5.20 0.789 1.19 1.12 0.810
North Dakota 1.69 1.42 0.241 3.17 2.22 0.137 4.35 3.92 0.583 0.92 0.75 0.467
Ohio 1.97 2.04 0.686 2.83 2.48 0.358 5.76 6.20 0.459 1.19 1.29 0.633
Oklahoma 1.88 1.84 0.873 2.89 2.43 0.446 5.55 5.00 0.543 1.03 1.18 0.560
Oregon 2.02 2.48 0.147 2.46 2.89 0.488 6.22 6.79 0.586 1.25 1.77 0.156
Pennsylvania 1.68 1.57 0.479 2.90b 2.21 0.054 5.06 4.97 0.876 0.98 0.93 0.789
Rhode Island 2.63 3.03 0.389 3.62 2.85 0.300 8.27 8.37 0.945 1.48 2.06 0.262
South Carolina 1.75 1.81 0.799 2.55 2.15 0.454 4.37 5.04 0.405 1.17 1.24 0.821
South Dakota 1.66 1.50 0.476 3.01 2.24 0.190 4.47 4.66 0.811 0.90 0.83 0.743
Tennessee 1.83 1.96 0.634 2.95 2.32 0.277 4.74 5.88 0.224 1.20 1.31 0.704
Texas 1.71 1.84 0.445 2.85 2.35 0.188 4.68 5.05 0.504 0.95 1.15 0.279
Utah 1.77 1.96 0.443 2.62 2.49 0.822 3.67 4.96 0.109 1.05 1.10 0.859
Vermont 2.16 1.85 0.217 3.62b 2.31 0.053 7.57 6.13 0.185 1.03 1.09 0.811
Virginia 1.99 1.94 0.846 2.99 2.41 0.348 5.65 5.85 0.834 1.26 1.22 0.889
Washington 2.12 1.82 0.217 3.08 2.84 0.702 6.90b 5.13 0.068 1.17 1.16 0.972
West Virginia 1.86 2.13 0.345 3.11 2.57 0.395 6.03 6.22 0.862 1.05 1.49 0.148
Wisconsin 1.73 1.88 0.533 3.08 2.46 0.318 4.78 5.23 0.597 1.00 1.24 0.370
Wyoming 1.71 1.63 0.698 2.67 2.65 0.969 5.18 4.66 0.535 0.92 0.96 0.861
91208
Table D.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 9.22 8.95 0.136 8.89a 7.65 0.000 21.37b 20.73 0.098 7.15 7.10 0.822
Northeast 8.88 8.65 0.452 8.91a 7.19 0.000 21.57 21.43 0.845 6.86 6.69 0.668
Midwest 9.92 9.57 0.173 9.46a 8.20 0.000 23.37b 22.37 0.074 7.58 7.54 0.911
South 8.77 8.50 0.274 8.44a 7.07 0.000 20.21b 19.14 0.055 6.82 6.90 0.794
West 9.52 9.30 0.514 9.00 8.37 0.176 21.01 21.06 0.950 7.49 7.30 0.660
Alabama 7.40 7.87 0.524 7.14 7.05 0.935 16.46 16.67 0.896 5.83 6.48 0.464
Alaska 10.41 9.37 0.216 9.45 8.26 0.316 23.91 21.41 0.263 8.31 7.29 0.318
Arizona 11.04 9.56 0.116 10.62 8.78 0.179 23.42 21.80 0.458 8.87 7.59 0.247
Arkansas 9.10 8.63 0.552 9.02 7.86 0.313 21.53 20.13 0.493 6.90 6.85 0.957
California 9.00 8.95 0.921 8.27 8.08 0.798 19.40 20.33 0.411 7.21 6.92 0.662
Colorado 10.81 10.94 0.891 9.24 9.66 0.740 25.03 26.09 0.639 8.55 8.57 0.984
Connecticut 8.80 9.43 0.443 8.95 8.41 0.644 22.74 23.02 0.894 6.76 7.42 0.497
Delaware 9.29 9.10 0.819 8.74 7.08 0.125 21.46 22.71 0.565 7.26 7.10 0.859
District of Columbia 11.87 11.63 0.827 5.95 5.55 0.681 21.16 23.78 0.237 10.56 9.53 0.434
Florida 8.80 8.64 0.764 8.85a 7.32 0.031 21.29a 18.75 0.029 7.01 7.31 0.642
Georgia 9.11 8.39 0.356 7.82 6.47 0.200 19.07 18.61 0.813 7.49 6.91 0.547
Hawaii 9.15 9.65 0.625 9.95 8.75 0.419 23.25 20.41 0.200 6.79 8.05 0.298
Idaho 9.75 8.59 0.125 10.91a 8.28 0.035 21.24 20.32 0.637 7.19 6.55 0.486
Illinois 10.11 9.45 0.232 9.05a 7.44 0.024 23.32 21.78 0.180 7.92 7.51 0.553
Indiana 9.32 8.54 0.314 8.81 8.13 0.556 23.20 20.19 0.142 6.84 6.61 0.805
Iowa 9.47 9.09 0.629 9.51 8.10 0.228 22.21 20.38 0.355 7.04 7.21 0.859
Kansas 8.33 9.44 0.154 7.33 8.18 0.471 20.75 22.31 0.448 6.07 7.19 0.223
Kentucky 8.04 7.93 0.886 8.27 6.92 0.210 18.86 18.67 0.920 6.13 6.37 0.784
Louisiana 9.70 8.57 0.145 8.67a 6.04 0.015 20.91b 17.59 0.073 7.60 7.17 0.658
Maine 8.81 8.65 0.838 9.07 7.92 0.328 21.37 22.46 0.587 6.89 6.80 0.918
Maryland 9.19 8.91 0.744 8.20 6.85 0.226 20.17 19.02 0.539 7.59 7.49 0.922
Massachusetts 10.71 9.98 0.416 10.82a 7.81 0.023 24.13 24.29 0.944 8.55 7.76 0.452
Michigan 10.05 9.45 0.277 9.80b 8.34 0.053 21.81 21.66 0.893 8.04 7.53 0.445
Minnesota 10.57 10.91 0.706 10.60 8.88 0.158 24.61 25.76 0.611 8.02 8.60 0.593
Mississippi 7.91 7.53 0.610 6.29 5.69 0.549 17.46 17.85 0.842 6.22 5.89 0.712
Missouri 9.58 9.40 0.821 9.19 8.01 0.311 23.72 23.03 0.739 7.14 7.33 0.843
Montana 12.02b 10.14 0.054 15.02a 9.14 0.000 26.55 25.46 0.632 9.00 7.68 0.255
Nebraska 11.07b 9.58 0.091 11.75a 8.22 0.006 26.52a 21.72 0.030 7.98 7.48 0.630
Nevada 9.75 9.54 0.806 10.26 8.98 0.321 21.32 21.42 0.963 7.87 7.85 0.988
New Hampshire 10.90 9.69 0.165 11.69a 8.64 0.029 27.70 24.55 0.146 8.18 7.55 0.547
New Jersey 7.59 8.00 0.581 8.08 6.61 0.162 19.65 20.23 0.767 5.80 6.31 0.572
New Mexico 12.04a 9.99 0.039 11.74 9.45 0.128 27.35a 22.73 0.047 9.24 7.72 0.213
New York 8.88 8.82 0.905 8.61a 7.22 0.047 20.33 21.44 0.355 7.02 6.78 0.708
North Carolina 8.31 8.04 0.726 8.30 6.57 0.116 20.21 19.26 0.634 6.32 6.42 0.906
North Dakota 11.60 10.39 0.191 12.97a 9.13 0.004 27.99b 24.10 0.074 7.98 7.44 0.634
Ohio 9.56 9.63 0.895 8.99 8.40 0.392 22.42 22.13 0.803 7.43 7.73 0.644
Oklahoma 8.66 8.42 0.747 8.96b 6.92 0.081 21.08 20.39 0.741 6.23 6.43 0.821
Oregon 9.25 9.89 0.441 9.35 9.00 0.783 22.35 21.80 0.776 7.02 8.16 0.248
Pennsylvania 8.30 7.63 0.187 8.45a 6.50 0.003 21.57a 19.42 0.049 6.14 5.84 0.631
Rhode Island 11.97b 10.38 0.098 9.88 8.44 0.286 29.42a 24.11 0.023 9.04 8.07 0.390
South Carolina 9.26 8.94 0.691 7.71 6.82 0.418 22.59 19.67 0.162 7.11 7.45 0.730
South Dakota 11.70b 10.02 0.064 12.84a 8.61 0.002 28.81b 24.82 0.079 8.18 7.50 0.526
Tennessee 7.94 8.35 0.580 7.86 6.78 0.308 19.07 20.16 0.600 6.08 6.73 0.443
Texas 8.98 8.48 0.321 8.81 7.64 0.117 20.09b 18.26 0.092 6.82 6.75 0.907
Utah 7.99 8.47 0.533 6.98 7.30 0.790 15.73 16.61 0.633 5.90 6.59 0.478
Vermont 9.90 9.18 0.359 11.47a 8.36 0.018 24.33 23.61 0.729 7.20 6.93 0.765
Virginia 9.09 9.36 0.742 9.40 7.74 0.167 22.13 23.59 0.488 6.93 7.16 0.810
Washington 9.48 9.29 0.809 9.30 8.01 0.294 23.41 21.85 0.431 7.12 7.44 0.738
West Virginia 8.13 8.05 0.909 9.30a 7.02 0.044 20.37 20.26 0.959 6.02 6.39 0.668
Wisconsin 10.65 10.21 0.610 10.09 8.81 0.315 26.38 24.72 0.424 7.91 7.93 0.981
Wyoming 10.07 10.10 0.971 9.77 9.89 0.922 25.38 22.20 0.143 7.21 7.98 0.443
91208
Table D.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 2.66 2.52 0.115 5.00a 4.18 0.000 7.45 7.32 0.586 1.50 1.47 0.813
Northeast 2.63 2.45 0.184 5.10a 3.87 0.000 8.33 7.91 0.365 1.41 1.37 0.791
Midwest 2.53 2.36 0.115 5.09a 4.24 0.001 7.11 6.97 0.660 1.35 1.32 0.787
South 2.61 2.54 0.589 4.87a 4.05 0.001 6.96 7.05 0.777 1.54 1.59 0.702
West 2.90 2.68 0.180 5.01 4.55 0.219 7.89 7.61 0.589 1.67 1.53 0.439
Alabama 2.22 2.64 0.173 4.25 3.56 0.369 5.94 7.34 0.176 1.28 1.72 0.208
Alaska 3.13 2.73 0.307 5.55 4.45 0.222 8.08 7.24 0.494 1.83 1.61 0.618
Arizona 3.21 2.95 0.552 6.65b 4.59 0.060 7.80 7.98 0.896 1.88 1.88 0.996
Arkansas 2.67 2.58 0.781 4.78 4.50 0.737 7.51 7.16 0.761 1.52 1.59 0.861
California 2.81 2.56 0.285 4.57 4.42 0.780 7.33 7.50 0.829 1.72 1.35 0.173
Colorado 3.04 3.26 0.600 4.72 5.22 0.594 9.68 9.15 0.709 1.66 2.03 0.411
Connecticut 2.81 2.49 0.358 5.05 3.92 0.166 8.19 8.16 0.979 1.73 1.42 0.416
Delaware 2.60 2.86 0.484 4.50 4.23 0.740 6.70 8.45 0.146 1.65 1.75 0.803
District of Columbia 3.02 3.73 0.148 3.80 3.77 0.975 8.13 9.42 0.365 1.94 2.46 0.361
Florida 2.83 2.53 0.238 5.20a 4.08 0.036 7.76 7.04 0.325 1.83 1.69 0.617
Georgia 2.55 2.78 0.502 4.79 3.75 0.204 5.92 7.66 0.120 1.62 1.81 0.617
Hawaii 2.63 2.45 0.700 5.47 4.47 0.322 7.73 6.16 0.212 1.43 1.63 0.695
Idaho 2.75 2.70 0.858 5.82 4.64 0.203 7.21 7.19 0.987 1.34 1.61 0.420
Illinois 2.48b 2.13 0.070 5.01a 3.88 0.030 6.96 6.20 0.243 1.34 1.16 0.425
Indiana 2.52 2.71 0.545 4.14 5.10 0.286 6.96 7.83 0.438 1.47 1.52 0.902
Iowa 2.36a 1.54 0.006 4.18 3.04 0.136 6.00 4.52 0.126 1.43b 0.81 0.058
Kansas 2.20 1.81 0.153 3.88 3.72 0.844 6.29 5.23 0.285 1.16 0.90 0.372
Kentucky 2.56 2.82 0.421 5.02 4.23 0.370 6.98 8.22 0.282 1.49 1.80 0.377
Louisiana 2.89 2.57 0.386 4.25 3.42 0.277 6.77 6.66 0.921 1.90 1.65 0.566
Maine 2.84 2.71 0.728 5.35 4.31 0.244 8.95 9.29 0.797 1.61 1.61 0.999
Maryland 2.68 2.48 0.543 4.96b 3.48 0.072 8.62 6.90 0.146 1.43 1.61 0.627
Massachusetts 3.12 2.67 0.190 6.08a 4.03 0.034 10.41 9.59 0.585 1.60 1.30 0.405
Michigan 2.60 2.52 0.738 5.88a 4.51 0.017 7.19 7.67 0.483 1.33 1.38 0.833
Minnesota 2.57 2.33 0.432 5.46b 3.82 0.059 6.97 6.93 0.971 1.36 1.34 0.936
Mississippi 2.52b 1.96 0.069 3.92 2.98 0.192 6.26 6.02 0.821 1.55 1.06 0.161
Missouri 2.78 2.55 0.477 4.66 4.32 0.688 8.01 7.61 0.733 1.60 1.49 0.748
Montana 2.90 2.73 0.622 6.42a 4.14 0.018 8.02 8.26 0.848 1.49 1.61 0.735
Nebraska 2.64a 2.02 0.046 5.36 3.94 0.115 6.25 5.47 0.432 1.55 1.11 0.205
Nevada 2.69 3.10 0.294 5.40 5.33 0.946 7.75 8.37 0.632 1.54 2.04 0.252
New Hampshire 3.01 2.81 0.598 6.54 4.95 0.113 10.57 8.34 0.127 1.35 1.70 0.360
New Jersey 2.27 2.07 0.464 4.64 3.91 0.354 7.07 6.75 0.776 1.28 1.13 0.606
New Mexico 3.50 3.38 0.794 5.64 5.97 0.783 10.19 8.79 0.363 1.92 2.03 0.845
New York 2.74 2.76 0.904 4.98b 3.98 0.060 8.38 8.36 0.973 1.52 1.62 0.701
North Carolina 2.62 2.22 0.181 5.21b 3.64 0.061 6.65 6.70 0.964 1.60 1.32 0.402
North Dakota 2.59a 1.79 0.008 5.37a 3.31 0.014 6.90b 4.95 0.057 1.31 0.88 0.161
Ohio 2.61 2.75 0.507 5.24 4.87 0.505 7.76 8.36 0.417 1.36 1.55 0.430
Oklahoma 2.74 2.43 0.354 4.91 3.90 0.232 7.25 6.28 0.370 1.56 1.52 0.930
Oregon 2.88 2.96 0.816 5.07 4.71 0.689 9.17 8.88 0.828 1.53 1.84 0.426
Pennsylvania 2.24b 1.91 0.073 4.80a 3.31 0.003 7.21 6.33 0.172 1.11 1.02 0.657
Rhode Island 3.18 3.93 0.122 5.54 4.91 0.541 11.23 12.04 0.646 1.42b 2.30 0.084
South Carolina 2.43 2.73 0.352 4.32 4.41 0.920 7.31 7.33 0.989 1.31 1.77 0.200
South Dakota 2.37 1.95 0.134 5.08b 3.55 0.079 6.20 5.93 0.782 1.21 1.01 0.497
Tennessee 2.54 2.45 0.780 4.43 3.86 0.488 6.71 7.43 0.538 1.59 1.52 0.829
Texas 2.47 2.56 0.667 4.91 4.63 0.631 6.39 6.60 0.751 1.31 1.49 0.476
Utah 2.69 2.64 0.881 4.22 4.55 0.708 5.42 5.86 0.649 1.59 1.49 0.768
Vermont 3.39a 2.56 0.027 7.19a 4.15 0.002 11.52a 8.59 0.038 1.49 1.39 0.787
Virginia 2.69 2.58 0.750 5.51 4.14 0.127 7.95 7.67 0.821 1.46 1.53 0.835
Washington 3.08a 2.22 0.007 5.76b 4.07 0.064 10.00a 6.80 0.011 1.53 1.25 0.392
West Virginia 2.46 2.49 0.917 5.29 4.08 0.169 8.37 7.40 0.425 1.18 1.61 0.178
Wisconsin 2.28 2.20 0.755 5.67a 3.82 0.047 6.84 6.38 0.656 0.99 1.28 0.291
Wyoming 2.46 2.26 0.499 4.23 4.19 0.959 7.82 6.51 0.267 1.19 1.25 0.847
91208
Table D.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2007-2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2007-2008 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2008.
Total U.S. 7.19 7.06 0.411 5.59a 4.96 0.000 16.89 16.41 0.196 5.73 5.72 0.999
Northeast 6.77 6.70 0.816 5.54a 4.67 0.006 16.94 16.62 0.611 5.31 5.30 0.971
Midwest 7.96 7.71 0.291 6.15a 5.43 0.009 18.96 18.18 0.134 6.25 6.21 0.879
South 6.79 6.63 0.485 5.19a 4.46 0.003 15.99a 14.87 0.024 5.41 5.53 0.665
West 7.41 7.39 0.932 5.69 5.49 0.593 16.15 16.93 0.267 6.06 5.92 0.711
Alabama 5.81 5.86 0.930 4.65 4.32 0.672 13.20 12.45 0.627 4.65 4.94 0.695
Alaska 7.76 7.10 0.371 5.37 5.13 0.777 18.23 16.59 0.383 6.44 5.62 0.367
Arizona 9.02b 7.64 0.096 7.16 5.84 0.198 18.75 17.06 0.405 7.54 6.28 0.211
Arkansas 7.33 6.57 0.267 6.08 5.19 0.310 17.14 15.17 0.274 5.76 5.34 0.602
California 6.95 7.22 0.570 5.05 5.46 0.484 14.54b 16.39 0.086 5.84 5.74 0.857
Colorado 8.55 8.60 0.947 6.24 6.49 0.806 20.00 21.95 0.339 6.87 6.63 0.806
Connecticut 6.44b 7.78 0.059 5.24 6.04 0.375 18.16 18.46 0.871 4.90b 6.32 0.095
Delaware 7.09 6.85 0.732 5.50 4.58 0.226 17.19 16.77 0.823 5.56 5.49 0.927
District of Columbia 8.88 8.96 0.928 2.48 3.30 0.234 16.09 18.52 0.219 8.03 7.40 0.575
Florida 6.47 6.90 0.387 4.93 4.68 0.637 16.46 14.72 0.111 5.22 6.00 0.195
Georgia 7.07 6.14 0.164 4.68 3.75 0.178 14.94 13.66 0.445 5.99 5.19 0.332
Hawaii 7.31 8.00 0.474 6.19 5.19 0.383 17.85 17.61 0.910 5.79 6.81 0.374
Idaho 8.18a 6.64 0.033 7.69a 5.18 0.011 18.00 15.87 0.256 6.23 5.21 0.237
Illinois 8.31 8.01 0.543 5.84 5.02 0.145 18.98 18.53 0.691 6.77 6.53 0.685
Indiana 7.15 6.22 0.173 5.51 4.83 0.413 18.15 15.29 0.105 5.36 4.86 0.536
Iowa 7.64 7.88 0.748 7.01 5.93 0.246 18.20 17.83 0.843 5.72 6.36 0.469
Kansas 6.85 7.87 0.160 4.98 5.41 0.634 17.70 19.91 0.273 5.02 5.95 0.283
Kentucky 5.90 5.32 0.365 5.21 3.96 0.112 14.15 11.96 0.165 4.55 4.44 0.891
Louisiana 7.34 6.93 0.558 5.09 4.08 0.178 16.67 14.01 0.112 5.81 5.95 0.871
Maine 6.59 6.50 0.895 5.43 5.02 0.619 17.24 17.03 0.910 5.15 5.20 0.944
Maryland 7.09 7.00 0.898 5.19 4.41 0.345 15.17 16.12 0.597 6.08 5.82 0.762
Massachusetts 7.86 7.75 0.888 7.15a 5.09 0.031 18.08 18.80 0.722 6.31 6.16 0.862
Michigan 8.05 7.32 0.135 6.22b 5.26 0.089 17.31 16.80 0.614 6.70 5.99 0.241
Minnesota 8.14 9.38 0.141 6.55 6.29 0.794 19.75 22.53 0.182 6.26 7.49 0.213
Mississippi 6.17 5.98 0.771 3.47 3.86 0.554 13.69 13.26 0.792 5.06 4.94 0.882
Missouri 7.63 7.16 0.497 6.09 5.39 0.431 19.32 17.28 0.278 5.78 5.71 0.936
Montana 9.99b 8.33 0.068 10.37a 6.33 0.001 22.55 21.76 0.710 7.69 6.31 0.197
Nebraska 9.51 8.22 0.114 8.42a 6.08 0.032 23.20a 18.35 0.022 7.03 6.60 0.655
Nevada 7.83 7.67 0.849 6.80 5.71 0.257 15.54 17.31 0.355 6.75 6.50 0.799
New Hampshire 8.64 7.50 0.137 7.33b 5.49 0.064 22.30 19.74 0.221 6.69 5.88 0.372
New Jersey 5.81 6.44 0.336 4.97 4.24 0.355 15.91 16.36 0.808 4.48 5.21 0.342
New Mexico 9.40a 7.66 0.048 7.46b 5.63 0.081 21.52 18.63 0.182 7.45 5.92 0.147
New York 6.77 6.63 0.769 5.36 4.64 0.173 15.53 16.29 0.480 5.50 5.17 0.565
North Carolina 6.31 6.55 0.711 5.34 4.10 0.105 16.04 15.42 0.732 4.80 5.43 0.415
North Dakota 9.91 8.74 0.167 9.46a 6.23 0.006 25.71a 20.75 0.022 6.66 6.34 0.745
Ohio 7.47 7.52 0.920 5.59 5.39 0.705 17.69 16.92 0.452 5.97 6.24 0.645
Oklahoma 6.61 6.59 0.969 5.41 4.49 0.268 16.77 16.14 0.745 4.83 5.12 0.713
Oregon 6.93 7.29 0.610 5.78 5.45 0.706 16.86 16.04 0.636 5.40 6.16 0.356
Pennsylvania 6.54 5.98 0.199 5.20a 4.22 0.049 17.60a 15.10 0.014 4.93 4.70 0.670
Rhode Island 9.01b 7.55 0.081 6.28 5.28 0.283 23.85a 17.86 0.007 6.65 5.92 0.462
South Carolina 7.38 7.03 0.644 4.50 4.27 0.747 18.58b 15.00 0.053 5.78 6.08 0.750
South Dakota 9.59 8.39 0.149 8.55a 5.81 0.013 24.04 21.37 0.209 6.92 6.37 0.575
Tennessee 5.70 6.41 0.306 4.62 4.39 0.771 14.41 15.22 0.665 4.38 5.30 0.243
Texas 7.43 6.76 0.134 5.65 4.80 0.121 16.62a 14.66 0.050 5.91 5.56 0.528
Utah 6.33 6.18 0.835 4.71 3.94 0.332 12.89 12.78 0.947 4.71 4.88 0.838
Vermont 7.30 7.13 0.814 6.43 5.41 0.232 18.33 18.16 0.929 5.51 5.54 0.971
Virginia 7.08 7.28 0.793 6.01 4.91 0.198 17.15 18.27 0.546 5.59 5.72 0.881
Washington 7.00 7.34 0.625 5.70 5.15 0.506 17.79 17.64 0.938 5.33 5.97 0.454
West Virginia 6.17 5.92 0.703 6.31a 4.51 0.034 15.53 15.30 0.901 4.64 4.71 0.921
Wisconsin 8.92 8.33 0.460 7.00 6.17 0.419 22.25 20.69 0.436 6.80 6.50 0.757
Wyoming 8.71 8.20 0.505 7.13 6.87 0.803 23.02a 18.73 0.037 6.22 6.50 0.761

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