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Appendix C: Comparison of the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 Model-Based Estimates
(50 States and the District of Columbia)

101011

Table C.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 8.02a  8.35 0.012 9.40   9.65 0.186 19.69a  20.43 0.038 5.84   6.10 0.142
Northeast 8.15a  8.85 0.001 9.61   9.90 0.357 22.05a  23.92 0.001 5.64a  6.17 0.041
Midwest 7.70   7.77 0.670 9.39   9.62 0.381 19.31   19.35 0.929 5.47   5.54 0.762
South 7.30   7.45 0.312 8.85   8.79 0.816 17.85   18.41 0.203 5.31   5.44 0.553
West 9.38a  9.92 0.027 10.09b  10.79 0.070 21.00   21.78 0.200 7.18   7.65 0.138
Alabama 6.73   7.05 0.430 8.25   9.17 0.231 16.74   18.34 0.203 4.84   4.87 0.948
Alaska 11.79a  13.54 0.024 10.95   11.08 0.897 24.49a  28.62 0.023 9.53   11.07 0.113
Arizona 8.95   9.45 0.383 10.07   10.01 0.941 20.35   20.69 0.821 6.87   7.46 0.392
Arkansas 7.96   7.82 0.754 8.42   9.42 0.186 20.21   19.09 0.421 5.90   5.78 0.821
California 9.07a  10.00 0.008 9.69b  10.77 0.062 20.78   21.79 0.270 6.77a  7.64 0.049
Colorado 11.72   11.31 0.564 12.12   12.12 1.000 26.83   27.29 0.798 9.15   8.55 0.475
Connecticut 8.23   8.90 0.164 10.06   10.27 0.804 22.41   24.91 0.121 5.76   6.19 0.425
Delaware 9.14   8.67 0.352 10.02   10.42 0.664 25.14   25.14 0.998 6.36   5.71 0.255
District of Columbia 12.13a  10.55 0.023 11.03   11.45 0.712 26.26a  22.08 0.019 9.12   7.89 0.119
Florida 7.80   8.04 0.491 9.05   9.01 0.943 18.86   18.17 0.408 6.03   6.44 0.340
Georgia 7.27   7.91 0.191 8.07   8.17 0.891 18.26   19.69 0.284 5.29   5.87 0.312
Hawaii 9.92a  11.88 0.009 9.96   10.16 0.840 21.11   23.48 0.185 8.15a  10.22 0.021
Idaho 8.00   8.22 0.625 9.70   9.89 0.810 17.96   17.99 0.983 5.98   6.27 0.597
Illinois 7.17a  7.77 0.038 8.57a  9.85 0.013 17.71   18.94 0.151 5.09   5.47 0.280
Indiana 8.79   8.48 0.509 10.89   10.52 0.709 20.75   19.93 0.547 6.49   6.28 0.712
Iowa 4.08a  5.29 0.001 7.10a  9.19 0.012 9.99a  13.21 0.004 2.64a  3.40 0.046
Kansas 6.77   7.00 0.596 8.85   8.96 0.894 15.74   16.22 0.721 4.80   5.03 0.655
Kentucky 8.41a  7.44 0.045 9.25   8.12 0.152 20.40   18.23 0.109 6.43   5.66 0.175
Louisiana 7.16   7.16 0.994 8.48   7.44 0.167 17.17   18.86 0.192 5.04   4.87 0.753
Maine 9.09a  11.15 0.001 11.18   10.89 0.742 24.54a  28.63 0.008 6.69a  8.75 0.008
Maryland 7.29   6.83 0.255 9.12   9.32 0.812 19.25   18.10 0.436 5.06   4.60 0.323
Massachusetts 8.87a  10.89 0.000 10.35   11.00 0.457 24.41a  27.84 0.046 6.00a  7.87 0.003
Michigan 8.95   9.49 0.140 10.33   10.70 0.501 22.89   22.37 0.520 6.40   7.14 0.111
Minnesota 8.24a  6.90 0.002 9.26   8.03 0.101 22.41a  18.73 0.009 5.65b  4.74 0.072
Mississippi 6.39   6.19 0.625 7.33b  8.75 0.069 15.24   15.02 0.860 4.62   4.21 0.370
Missouri 7.38   7.56 0.692 8.78   8.05 0.330 18.70   19.28 0.664 5.32   5.56 0.649
Montana 10.02   9.61 0.463 11.29   11.41 0.900 25.04   24.52 0.736 7.32   6.90 0.526
Nebraska 6.43   6.69 0.503 8.85   8.59 0.720 16.29   17.00 0.574 4.25   4.49 0.595
Nevada 9.35   10.00 0.284 11.31   12.57 0.177 21.09   23.26 0.160 7.37   7.70 0.637
New Hampshire 10.73   11.24 0.433 11.72   11.55 0.855 29.21   30.32 0.537 7.78   8.29 0.511
New Jersey 6.42   6.78 0.368 8.22   8.37 0.834 18.87   20.48 0.249 4.30   4.46 0.722
New Mexico 8.71   9.07 0.546 11.80   12.38 0.575 20.10   19.12 0.510 6.19   6.78 0.411
New York 9.03a  9.75 0.037 9.98   10.54 0.329 23.62a  26.01 0.011 6.32   6.73 0.335
North Carolina 7.75   8.15 0.366 9.84   10.29 0.591 19.49   20.02 0.691 5.59   5.97 0.467
North Dakota 5.91   5.60 0.445 7.89   7.66 0.765 13.56   12.55 0.350 3.93   3.80 0.791
Ohio 7.61   7.53 0.787 9.66   9.88 0.678 19.62   19.91 0.713 5.36   5.20 0.643
Oklahoma 8.09   8.94 0.155 9.55   9.49 0.945 17.75   19.43 0.251 6.12   6.96 0.231
Oregon 12.18   12.33 0.846 12.19   12.31 0.904 26.04   27.85 0.275 10.04   9.92 0.896
Pennsylvania 6.57   6.77 0.481 8.70   8.68 0.969 17.61   18.03 0.585 4.50   4.68 0.573
Rhode Island 13.34   12.69 0.367 12.42   12.91 0.659 33.05   30.09 0.117 9.80   9.40 0.643
South Carolina 6.70a  8.92 0.000 8.68   9.17 0.514 16.25a  20.47 0.005 4.88a  7.00 0.001
South Dakota 6.28   6.17 0.792 8.54   9.44 0.299 16.21   15.11 0.403 4.17   4.14 0.946
Tennessee 8.22   7.49 0.112 8.82   7.96 0.206 20.33   19.59 0.590 6.29   5.58 0.192
Texas 6.26   6.66 0.134 8.64   8.41 0.680 14.88a  16.97 0.007 4.28   4.47 0.565
Utah 6.24   6.25 0.982 8.31   8.12 0.794 12.94   13.18 0.837 4.20   4.22 0.964
Vermont 11.64   12.34 0.326 13.09   11.89 0.230 30.77   32.72 0.274 8.34   9.06 0.393
Virginia 7.33a  6.21 0.004 9.52   8.69 0.311 19.54b  17.10 0.073 5.00a  4.05 0.033
Washington 9.59   9.09 0.338 9.60   10.27 0.422 20.46   20.03 0.753 7.84   7.18 0.291
West Virginia 6.79a  7.85 0.020 8.97   9.29 0.682 17.34a  21.21 0.003 5.01   5.76 0.161
Wisconsin 8.67   7.96 0.140 9.93   9.70 0.785 21.54   21.26 0.839 6.33   5.50 0.146
Wyoming 6.82   6.42 0.339 9.97   10.17 0.822 17.16   17.36 0.881 4.58   4.02 0.241

101011

Table C.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 10.22a  10.82 0.000 12.74a  13.28 0.022 27.52a  29.08 0.000 6.91a  7.36 0.011
Northeast 10.64a  11.69 0.000 13.26   13.90 0.106 31.10a  33.89 0.000 6.90a  7.67 0.003
Midwest 10.10   10.34 0.156 12.64   12.80 0.602 27.93   28.43 0.290 6.68   6.91 0.278
South 9.25b  9.58 0.053 11.86   12.01 0.613 24.17a  25.25 0.012 6.40   6.63 0.273
West 11.51a  12.54 0.000 13.77a  15.22 0.001 29.43a  31.75 0.001 7.97a  8.70 0.028
Alabama 8.04   8.51 0.260 10.80   10.09 0.421 20.67   22.58 0.160 5.54   5.93 0.400
Alaska 14.92   16.29 0.112 15.03   15.87 0.458 33.41   35.44 0.270 11.42   12.75 0.219
Arizona 10.36   10.86 0.333 13.66   14.25 0.570 27.87   29.25 0.401 6.95   7.29 0.569
Arkansas 10.65   10.77 0.820 11.41   12.26 0.377 27.49   27.51 0.990 7.80   7.86 0.932
California 11.53a  12.88 0.001 13.20a  15.07 0.005 29.33a  32.07 0.008 7.91a  8.90 0.043
Colorado 13.64a  15.09 0.048 16.61   18.55 0.126 35.52   38.50 0.102 9.62   10.77 0.176
Connecticut 11.34a  12.53 0.033 13.53a  15.89 0.026 34.61   36.95 0.204 7.40   8.24 0.195
Delaware 11.66   11.86 0.734 13.72b  15.50 0.092 34.37   35.93 0.378 7.62   7.41 0.773
District of Columbia 15.58   14.29 0.104 13.82   14.66 0.467 36.70a  33.06 0.048 11.07   10.05 0.269
Florida 9.67   10.10 0.259 12.30   12.87 0.363 26.06   26.46 0.643 6.98   7.38 0.367
Georgia 10.28   11.07 0.128 12.19   12.66 0.606 24.86   26.57 0.259 7.53   8.21 0.249
Hawaii 10.50a  12.01 0.013 13.59   14.39 0.517 29.11   31.08 0.324 7.20a  8.70 0.032
Idaho 9.37a  10.68 0.006 12.52   13.47 0.302 25.27a  28.14 0.049 6.08a  7.21 0.038
Illinois 9.81a  10.54 0.015 11.74a  13.31 0.011 26.05b  27.86 0.052 6.63   7.04 0.259
Indiana 10.26   10.30 0.943 13.16   12.93 0.820 27.31   27.22 0.956 6.99   7.10 0.828
Iowa 6.23a  7.66 0.001 9.57a  11.64 0.025 17.95b  20.35 0.070 3.72a  4.92 0.009
Kansas 9.00   9.43 0.316 11.79   12.01 0.808 25.09   25.50 0.801 5.59   6.08 0.284
Kentucky 9.78a  8.86 0.035 12.57b  10.89 0.070 25.54   24.59 0.506 6.97   6.15 0.103
Louisiana 8.97   8.59 0.421 10.68   9.76 0.268 22.74   23.31 0.713 6.05   5.59 0.367
Maine 12.12a  13.56 0.032 15.63   14.17 0.185 36.36b  39.65 0.077 8.33b  9.87 0.053
Maryland 10.37   10.20 0.736 12.84   13.36 0.582 28.59   28.93 0.846 7.00   6.63 0.484
Massachusetts 12.28a  14.55 0.000 15.43   16.38 0.408 35.72a  40.19 0.015 7.84a  9.79 0.006
Michigan 11.53b  12.16 0.086 13.56   14.13 0.364 32.12   32.26 0.891 7.75   8.49 0.105
Minnesota 11.30b  10.37 0.083 12.32   11.20 0.234 33.15b  29.90 0.054 7.38   6.94 0.476
Mississippi 7.22b  7.92 0.083 9.10   9.91 0.300 18.96   20.32 0.303 4.78   5.36 0.196
Missouri 9.47   9.66 0.697 12.22   11.45 0.358 25.45   26.98 0.323 6.47   6.57 0.851
Montana 12.32   12.21 0.849 16.30   15.51 0.468 35.06   34.80 0.882 7.98   8.04 0.925
Nebraska 8.81   9.21 0.367 11.53   10.79 0.367 23.82   24.51 0.642 5.62   6.10 0.330
Nevada 10.80   11.09 0.619 15.03   16.40 0.217 27.54   28.99 0.374 7.78   7.76 0.967
New Hampshire 14.50   14.88 0.627 17.17   16.58 0.600 41.54   41.82 0.883 10.04   10.56 0.587
New Jersey 8.41b  9.20 0.084 10.46   11.65 0.175 26.91b  30.03 0.080 5.33   5.68 0.492
New Mexico 10.34   10.95 0.247 15.75   16.79 0.384 28.30   29.08 0.652 6.29   6.84 0.350
New York 11.55a  12.83 0.001 14.18   14.88 0.316 32.31a  36.37 0.000 7.53b  8.34 0.080
North Carolina 10.23   10.49 0.609 13.43   13.42 0.987 27.17   28.31 0.466 7.11   7.26 0.807
North Dakota 8.59   8.32 0.538 10.61   9.43 0.172 24.18   22.89 0.396 4.80   4.93 0.781
Ohio 10.24   10.05 0.536 13.82   12.92 0.158 28.74   29.41 0.470 6.73   6.51 0.556
Oklahoma 8.38a  10.19 0.000 11.50   12.62 0.274 20.45a  24.90 0.006 5.74a  7.20 0.009
Oregon 14.09   14.45 0.615 16.57   18.29 0.166 36.96   37.35 0.819 10.27   10.46 0.824
Pennsylvania 8.46   8.90 0.136 11.37   11.48 0.841 24.82   25.39 0.526 5.42   5.88 0.191
Rhode Island 15.81a  14.32 0.035 17.72   16.35 0.290 44.05a  39.43 0.020 10.33   9.36 0.241
South Carolina 8.56b  9.36 0.072 11.32   11.75 0.613 23.50   25.58 0.163 5.77   6.41 0.211
South Dakota 8.27b  9.01 0.074 11.35   12.00 0.468 24.86   25.73 0.554 4.83b  5.61 0.092
Tennessee 10.12   9.63 0.333 11.73   10.50 0.153 26.14   26.26 0.937 7.47   6.98 0.396
Texas 7.73a  8.30 0.033 10.98   11.22 0.686 20.13a  21.96 0.027 4.90   5.30 0.199
Utah 6.96   7.17 0.599 9.71   9.65 0.943 16.71   17.52 0.547 4.00   4.17 0.687
Vermont 15.47   15.97 0.476 17.86   16.64 0.331 44.24   45.02 0.668 10.50   11.15 0.431
Virginia 9.89   9.79 0.820 13.19   13.77 0.541 27.54   26.94 0.712 6.50   6.39 0.820
Washington 12.20   12.84 0.245 14.19   15.28 0.308 30.75a  34.07 0.041 8.98   9.13 0.814
West Virginia 8.73b  9.62 0.087 12.69   11.97 0.448 24.01   26.60 0.103 6.08   6.92 0.141
Wisconsin 10.70   10.66 0.937 13.56   13.82 0.793 31.04   31.04 0.999 6.88   6.83 0.926
Wyoming 9.81   9.89 0.858 14.83   14.23 0.576 27.03   27.11 0.960 6.10   6.30 0.714

101011

Table C.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 5.96a  6.36 0.000 6.67a  6.98 0.046 16.45a  17.30 0.007 4.06a  4.40 0.013
Northeast 6.31a  6.98 0.000 7.31   7.74 0.106 19.34a  21.06 0.001 4.00a  4.51 0.011
Midwest 5.91   6.07 0.225 6.78   7.00 0.309 16.30   16.51 0.594 4.00   4.15 0.354
South 5.24b  5.46 0.076 6.00   6.04 0.869 14.43b  15.11 0.077 3.60   3.75 0.279
West 6.85a  7.58 0.000 7.10a  7.85 0.017 17.43b  18.43 0.077 4.90a  5.58 0.010
Alabama 4.57b  5.06 0.098 5.23   5.69 0.404 12.92   14.48 0.175 3.06   3.38 0.328
Alaska 9.18a  11.53 0.001 8.03   9.18 0.207 20.24a  25.21 0.006 7.28a  9.31 0.022
Arizona 5.80a  6.70 0.031 6.54   7.26 0.276 16.08   17.07 0.495 3.96b  4.86 0.055
Arkansas 5.48   6.07 0.125 5.71   6.69 0.105 15.46   16.10 0.617 3.82   4.36 0.217
California 6.67a  7.68 0.001 6.86b  7.68 0.062 17.27b  18.67 0.098 4.64a  5.57 0.010
Colorado 9.24   9.82 0.310 9.10   10.19 0.211 23.44   24.31 0.594 6.88   7.36 0.484
Connecticut 6.49a  7.24 0.047 7.77   8.37 0.405 19.72b  22.52 0.067 4.24   4.68 0.280
Delaware 7.10   6.98 0.767 7.21   7.49 0.673 22.03   22.54 0.752 4.61   4.33 0.518
District of Columbia 9.60b  8.51 0.074 7.18   7.51 0.672 23.60a  19.51 0.026 6.74   6.15 0.376
Florida 5.58   5.79 0.436 6.53   6.28 0.582 15.61   15.13 0.543 4.00   4.36 0.265
Georgia 5.39b  6.06 0.074 5.40   5.49 0.876 14.69   15.88 0.340 3.80   4.47 0.107
Hawaii 6.73a  8.48 0.002 7.07   7.75 0.426 17.19   19.08 0.253 5.03a  6.87 0.004
Idaho 5.72   5.91 0.603 6.97   7.44 0.470 14.50   14.13 0.761 3.98   4.25 0.518
Illinois 5.43a  5.89 0.029 6.21a  7.26 0.016 14.57a  16.16 0.031 3.68   3.86 0.487
Indiana 6.26   6.11 0.658 7.55   7.23 0.639 16.87   16.47 0.748 4.29   4.21 0.836
Iowa 3.23a  4.46 0.000 5.02a  6.84 0.003 8.52a  11.54 0.002 2.05a  2.92 0.002
Kansas 5.07   5.03 0.896 6.21   5.95 0.659 13.38   12.94 0.708 3.35   3.43 0.832
Kentucky 5.61a  4.81 0.013 6.42a  5.23 0.038 15.87   14.19 0.182 3.90b  3.29 0.068
Louisiana 5.00   5.16 0.635 5.23   4.81 0.431 13.62   15.20 0.219 3.30   3.27 0.948
Maine 8.16a  9.88 0.006 9.06   8.45 0.454 23.36b  26.15 0.087 5.93a  7.77 0.010
Maryland 5.35   5.41 0.845 6.26   6.86 0.353 16.42   16.28 0.910 3.38   3.39 0.979
Massachusetts 7.10a  8.70 0.001 8.11   9.05 0.228 21.97b  24.79 0.078 4.39a  5.80 0.007
Michigan 7.03   7.51 0.130 7.36   7.85 0.302 19.20   18.90 0.702 4.91   5.53 0.114
Minnesota 7.11a  5.97 0.005 6.61b  5.58 0.094 20.87a  16.98 0.008 4.80   4.14 0.144
Mississippi 4.35   4.49 0.629 4.47   4.99 0.300 11.40   11.57 0.880 3.03   3.11 0.787
Missouri 5.42   5.94 0.138 6.29   5.71 0.328 15.32   16.86 0.227 3.67   4.18 0.199
Montana 8.29   8.12 0.740 8.60   8.80 0.799 22.87   22.11 0.624 5.79   5.70 0.877
Nebraska 4.95   5.36 0.215 6.24   6.05 0.742 13.51   14.58 0.370 3.16   3.53 0.311
Nevada 6.18b  6.99 0.053 7.52b  8.97 0.052 16.35   18.31 0.151 4.51   5.06 0.253
New Hampshire 9.02   9.67 0.268 9.42   9.67 0.752 26.46   27.39 0.582 6.32   6.95 0.338
New Jersey 4.84   5.02 0.557 5.70   6.12 0.462 15.95   17.39 0.303 3.04   2.98 0.841
New Mexico 6.15   6.58 0.347 8.19   9.22 0.233 16.35   15.73 0.659 3.99   4.55 0.288
New York 6.94a  7.74 0.006 7.81   8.49 0.156 21.31a  23.14 0.037 4.29b  4.88 0.082
North Carolina 5.99   6.27 0.439 6.85   7.13 0.649 16.50   16.75 0.835 4.20   4.46 0.501
North Dakota 4.99   4.68 0.372 5.29   5.02 0.612 11.52   10.65 0.397 3.48   3.30 0.659
Ohio 5.86   5.95 0.679 7.38   7.60 0.608 16.84   17.27 0.560 3.84   3.88 0.885
Oklahoma 4.78a  5.61 0.023 5.97   6.25 0.629 11.56a  14.09 0.047 3.38   3.98 0.136
Oregon 8.59   9.30 0.237 8.22   8.69 0.521 21.90   23.84 0.223 6.58   7.12 0.442
Pennsylvania 4.78b  5.12 0.095 6.37   6.38 0.988 14.02b  15.27 0.063 3.07   3.30 0.333
Rhode Island 10.90   9.98 0.122 9.46   9.11 0.706 30.31b  27.09 0.082 7.48   6.87 0.371
South Carolina 4.98a  5.92 0.009 5.48   5.51 0.949 13.56a  16.84 0.012 3.52b  4.18 0.091
South Dakota 5.22   5.15 0.852 6.05   6.60 0.379 14.30   13.57 0.574 3.45   3.44 0.991
Tennessee 5.81   5.45 0.280 6.17b  5.22 0.097 16.84   16.66 0.886 4.08   3.75 0.371
Texas 4.43   4.73 0.130 5.73   6.11 0.355 11.73a  13.40 0.013 2.86   2.90 0.853
Utah 4.28a  3.56 0.021 5.05   4.73 0.557 9.86b  8.06 0.081 2.74   2.25 0.117
Vermont 10.17   10.83 0.280 10.86   9.73 0.236 29.64   30.56 0.577 6.92   7.74 0.250
Virginia 5.79   5.31 0.137 6.78   6.33 0.485 16.54   15.55 0.482 3.85   3.44 0.200
Washington 7.39   7.23 0.711 7.17   7.73 0.421 17.32   17.18 0.915 5.83   5.57 0.617
West Virginia 4.79a  5.51 0.039 6.20   5.73 0.389 14.27a  17.34 0.014 3.26   3.78 0.168
Wisconsin 6.46   6.21 0.478 7.25   7.19 0.934 18.03   17.42 0.656 4.40   4.20 0.596
Wyoming 5.60   5.41 0.606 7.26   7.51 0.731 15.23   15.36 0.929 3.67   3.38 0.437

101011

Table C.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 37.87a  36.06 0.000 34.19a  32.28 0.000 23.98a  21.75 0.000 40.74a  39.01 0.000
Northeast 36.07a  34.19 0.000 32.34a  30.32 0.000 21.50a  19.24 0.000 38.97a  37.18 0.002
Midwest 36.36a  34.25 0.000 35.06a  33.06 0.000 21.93a  20.03 0.000 39.03a  36.86 0.000
South 41.59a  40.03 0.000 36.41a  34.85 0.001 26.71a  24.43 0.000 44.77a  43.33 0.002
West 34.89a  32.98 0.000 31.36a  29.09 0.000 23.69a  21.23 0.000 37.40a  35.64 0.003
Alabama 44.33a  41.10 0.009 41.01   39.75 0.468 28.36   28.74 0.806 47.47a  43.37 0.009
Alaska 30.04a  27.77 0.039 28.83   27.96 0.650 18.19   17.09 0.424 32.46b  29.76 0.055
Arizona 38.36a  34.87 0.005 34.69a  28.76 0.001 28.04a  22.74 0.001 40.61b  37.75 0.068
Arkansas 40.76   39.83 0.462 38.84   36.76 0.201 25.08   22.96 0.123 43.57   42.96 0.704
California 36.33a  34.56 0.011 30.87a  28.19 0.003 24.50a  22.49 0.014 39.36b  37.76 0.080
Colorado 28.37   26.77 0.153 25.99   25.15 0.570 16.29   14.95 0.233 30.68   28.94 0.216
Connecticut 35.89a  33.12 0.023 29.82   28.63 0.493 20.33a  17.81 0.040 39.12b  36.10 0.051
Delaware 37.05a  33.60 0.006 33.75b  30.69 0.076 20.80b  18.58 0.063 40.17a  36.46 0.020
District of Columbia 30.99   29.12 0.132 26.95   27.67 0.708 18.32   16.89 0.242 34.19   32.00 0.167
Florida 42.57   42.30 0.727 35.19   34.09 0.290 26.10   24.94 0.164 45.81   45.76 0.955
Georgia 37.74b  35.51 0.057 32.58   30.51 0.208 24.28a  20.24 0.006 40.75   38.81 0.192
Hawaii 36.54b  33.85 0.052 30.40   29.25 0.500 23.24   21.66 0.327 39.35b  36.31 0.076
Idaho 37.02a  33.56 0.002 36.82b  33.84 0.079 24.31a  21.11 0.014 39.32a  35.71 0.014
Illinois 38.17a  36.10 0.004 35.06a  32.75 0.012 23.50   22.30 0.130 41.22a  39.04 0.018
Indiana 38.04a  35.30 0.021 36.12   33.51 0.112 22.93a  20.33 0.039 40.86b  38.06 0.061
Iowa 38.18a  35.30 0.021 40.45b  37.15 0.054 24.90a  20.30 0.001 40.26   37.72 0.109
Kansas 38.43   36.84 0.217 38.55a  34.29 0.011 23.76a  20.60 0.022 41.18   40.21 0.561
Kentucky 43.03   41.46 0.188 39.99   39.32 0.701 26.26   24.39 0.196 46.04   44.39 0.266
Louisiana 43.57   41.92 0.183 38.55   38.75 0.901 29.38a  26.14 0.023 47.02   45.39 0.307
Maine 29.94   28.15 0.162 29.21   29.10 0.944 15.18   14.98 0.853 32.09   29.87 0.160
Maryland 36.27   35.09 0.345 33.69   31.85 0.250 21.44   20.60 0.505 39.09   37.96 0.483
Massachusetts 27.56   25.60 0.101 27.86a  24.38 0.021 15.79a  13.42 0.028 29.56   27.90 0.270
Michigan 34.18a  31.58 0.000 32.73   31.48 0.160 19.62a  17.60 0.003 36.85a  33.97 0.002
Minnesota 30.63b  28.49 0.062 32.27a  28.74 0.022 17.75   17.25 0.672 32.66   30.38 0.121
Mississippi 48.95   47.33 0.218 44.50b  40.89 0.064 31.34   29.84 0.340 52.84   51.46 0.410
Missouri 36.81   36.12 0.588 36.53   35.06 0.410 22.70   21.67 0.435 39.18   38.63 0.735
Montana 31.98   31.06 0.448 31.63   29.35 0.152 17.70   16.42 0.265 34.44   33.71 0.639
Nebraska 40.53a  36.94 0.004 40.00   37.89 0.237 23.46a  19.29 0.002 43.82a  40.16 0.020
Nevada 36.36   35.03 0.279 31.58   30.73 0.604 24.04   22.87 0.441 38.80   37.38 0.348
New Hampshire 25.82   25.34 0.667 24.08   23.39 0.659 11.82   12.37 0.593 28.17   27.56 0.663
New Jersey 39.32a  36.24 0.020 35.09a  29.41 0.001 22.20a  18.57 0.006 42.45   39.82 0.108
New Mexico 40.02   39.23 0.535 32.17   30.99 0.479 25.34   23.16 0.123 43.79   43.28 0.754
New York 36.01a  34.04 0.007 30.29b  28.74 0.100 21.96a  18.90 0.000 39.22b  37.41 0.056
North Carolina 38.61a  34.07 0.000 34.30a  29.94 0.005 25.22a  21.64 0.007 41.30a  36.59 0.003
North Dakota 37.58   35.90 0.159 37.92   36.09 0.254 22.92b  20.55 0.083 40.87   39.32 0.324
Ohio 36.73a  34.21 0.001 34.35b  32.74 0.082 22.01a  19.57 0.001 39.47a  36.80 0.006
Oklahoma 42.59a  37.68 0.001 40.17   37.92 0.220 27.12   24.71 0.114 45.75a  40.01 0.002
Oregon 28.41   26.83 0.143 27.88   26.52 0.390 17.33b  15.22 0.063 30.18   28.66 0.255
Pennsylvania 40.93   40.35 0.476 38.43   38.33 0.921 26.32   25.86 0.558 43.63   42.97 0.522
Rhode Island 32.34a  28.52 0.002 29.60   28.44 0.449 15.80   14.33 0.175 35.74a  31.20 0.004
South Carolina 40.75   40.30 0.721 36.04   34.06 0.212 26.48a  23.33 0.026 43.68   43.84 0.921
South Dakota 37.90   37.83 0.958 36.64   35.51 0.502 23.63   22.49 0.372 40.67   40.90 0.878
Tennessee 42.85a  39.38 0.007 39.65a  34.89 0.002 25.90a  20.40 0.000 45.83b  42.83 0.065
Texas 44.79   44.36 0.559 37.12   37.04 0.939 30.57a  28.26 0.008 48.63   48.46 0.864
Utah 40.94a  38.27 0.022 44.22   43.33 0.628 31.87a  27.33 0.006 42.71   40.16 0.102
Vermont 27.89a  25.35 0.028 24.17   23.95 0.875 12.84   11.73 0.266 30.78a  27.73 0.035
Virginia 35.41   34.60 0.502 32.16   30.82 0.399 22.59   21.55 0.427 37.98   37.28 0.643
Washington 27.71   26.33 0.213 28.88   29.05 0.916 19.96a  16.57 0.004 28.81   27.57 0.370
West Virginia 43.70   43.99 0.830 38.79   38.22 0.742 24.76   24.04 0.645 46.97   47.48 0.762
Wisconsin 34.77   33.77 0.422 34.07   33.75 0.845 20.65   19.79 0.465 37.26   36.13 0.478
Wyoming 37.03   35.63 0.237 38.69   39.60 0.677 21.64   21.59 0.966 39.56   37.62 0.199

101011

Table C.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 * {[X sub 1 ÷ (0.5 * X sub 1 + X sub 2)] ÷ 2}, where X sub 1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X sub 2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X sub 1 and X sub 2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 1.65a  1.73 0.013 5.46a  5.70 0.016 6.47a  6.98 0.001 0.12   0.12 0.949
Northeast 1.64a  1.73 0.037 5.59   5.75 0.321 6.84a  7.55 0.005 0.12   0.12 0.904
Midwest 1.73   1.78 0.185 5.53   5.56 0.830 6.89a  7.36 0.025 0.12   0.12 0.792
South 1.49   1.55 0.131 5.18   5.20 0.865 5.72a  6.27 0.003 0.12   0.12 0.908
West 1.84a  2.00 0.005 5.74a  6.57 0.000 7.02   7.35 0.250 0.13   0.14 0.867
Alabama 1.26   1.36 0.205 4.50   4.42 0.831 4.60b  5.46 0.065 0.11   0.12 0.655
Alaska 2.27   2.30 0.843 6.18   6.37 0.719 7.22   7.28 0.927 0.16   0.17 0.732
Arizona 1.65   1.71 0.530 5.48   6.09 0.170 6.69   6.51 0.779 0.12   0.12 0.987
Arkansas 1.51   1.55 0.706 4.92   5.13 0.577 6.53   6.93 0.534 0.13   0.12 0.813
California 1.85a  2.05 0.016 5.57a  6.66 0.000 7.12   7.37 0.543 0.13   0.14 0.828
Colorado 2.39   2.45 0.686 7.51   8.14 0.288 9.33   9.17 0.848 0.18   0.17 0.624
Connecticut 1.90a  2.15 0.035 6.57   7.10 0.305 7.21a  9.06 0.009 0.13   0.13 0.904
Delaware 1.78a  2.14 0.003 5.38a  6.70 0.008 8.54   9.62 0.192 0.13   0.13 0.718
District of Columbia 2.29   2.33 0.795 6.85   7.26 0.452 8.35   8.38 0.965 0.21   0.24 0.495
Florida 1.33   1.39 0.291 5.16   5.35 0.480 5.84   6.20 0.299 0.11   0.11 0.994
Georgia 1.66a  1.85 0.041 5.23   5.43 0.641 5.91b  6.85 0.072 0.15   0.17 0.500
Hawaii 1.73   1.70 0.833 6.56   6.39 0.770 7.72   7.54 0.829 0.07   0.11 0.291
Idaho 1.60a  1.85 0.017 5.25   5.47 0.604 5.34a  7.09 0.003 0.12   0.12 0.998
Illinois 1.69   1.73 0.546 5.46   5.64 0.530 6.38   6.81 0.282 0.12   0.11 0.774
Indiana 1.74   1.75 0.890 5.79   5.80 0.977 7.37   7.36 0.994 0.11   0.11 0.902
Iowa 1.33a  1.54 0.022 4.47a  5.31 0.036 5.04   5.86 0.128 0.09   0.10 0.868
Kansas 1.66   1.72 0.555 5.30   5.66 0.359 6.48   6.78 0.608 0.11   0.10 0.793
Kentucky 1.68a  1.47 0.015 6.52a  5.43 0.018 6.22   5.99 0.665 0.14   0.14 0.904
Louisiana 1.46   1.33 0.150 4.49   3.90 0.112 5.42   5.48 0.905 0.12   0.12 0.817
Maine 1.86   1.73 0.205 6.38a  5.43 0.032 8.51   8.93 0.572 0.14   0.14 0.946
Maryland 1.74   1.73 0.880 5.70   5.40 0.503 7.36   7.85 0.453 0.12   0.11 0.812
Massachusetts 2.15   2.27 0.346 7.16   7.12 0.946 9.04   9.71 0.420 0.15   0.16 0.698
Michigan 1.92a  2.09 0.034 5.69   5.95 0.314 7.96   8.70 0.102 0.13   0.13 0.985
Minnesota 1.79   1.76 0.747 4.91   4.85 0.879 8.03   7.80 0.740 0.13   0.11 0.548
Mississippi 1.29   1.33 0.577 4.19   4.07 0.708 4.70   5.14 0.317 0.10   0.11 0.611
Missouri 1.62   1.64 0.809 5.30   5.12 0.630 6.42   7.08 0.260 0.12   0.12 0.832
Montana 1.95   2.04 0.426 6.80   6.69 0.827 8.47   9.70 0.137 0.11   0.13 0.658
Nebraska 1.45   1.54 0.354 4.99   4.49 0.167 5.06a  6.26 0.026 0.10   0.10 0.846
Nevada 1.64a  1.85 0.040 5.73a  7.16 0.002 6.16   6.51 0.518 0.16   0.14 0.713
New Hampshire 2.45   2.27 0.177 6.98   6.31 0.130 10.90   10.55 0.705 0.17   0.15 0.472
New Jersey 1.25a  1.50 0.003 4.17b  4.90 0.058 5.81a  7.69 0.004 0.10   0.10 0.919
New Mexico 1.97   2.07 0.433 7.15   7.87 0.219 8.46   7.97 0.514 0.11   0.12 0.804
New York 1.70   1.81 0.134 5.73   6.04 0.254 6.73   7.35 0.133 0.13   0.13 0.777
North Carolina 1.71   1.69 0.836 6.44   6.24 0.639 6.40   6.63 0.669 0.13   0.13 0.956
North Dakota 1.70   1.54 0.118 5.06a  4.30 0.040 6.65   6.44 0.734 0.09   0.08 0.753
Ohio 1.79   1.78 0.895 5.97   5.59 0.175 7.00   7.43 0.286 0.13   0.13 0.847
Oklahoma 1.41   1.46 0.618 4.82   4.86 0.926 5.40   5.64 0.663 0.10   0.11 0.728
Oregon 2.22   2.42 0.145 7.07   7.90 0.129 9.42   9.57 0.846 0.17   0.19 0.669
Pennsylvania 1.37   1.34 0.621 4.91   4.66 0.320 5.76   5.90 0.709 0.10   0.10 0.932
Rhode Island 2.43   2.29 0.311 7.48   7.24 0.661 10.61   9.22 0.150 0.16   0.16 0.968
South Carolina 1.36   1.46 0.238 4.79   4.77 0.958 5.51   6.35 0.112 0.11   0.12 0.812
South Dakota 1.55   1.59 0.691 4.91   5.16 0.509 6.46   6.66 0.705 0.10   0.09 0.932
Tennessee 1.34   1.25 0.248 4.77b  4.08 0.051 5.60   5.90 0.559 0.12   0.12 0.859
Texas 1.45a  1.58 0.046 4.86   5.19 0.233 4.96a  5.81 0.012 0.11   0.11 0.970
Utah 1.18   1.28 0.301 3.77   3.93 0.637 2.96   3.54 0.148 0.10   0.11 0.922
Vermont 2.36   2.48 0.429 7.53   7.36 0.764 10.40   11.89 0.105 0.14   0.15 0.901
Virginia 1.81   1.89 0.459 5.65   5.96 0.454 6.94   7.55 0.350 0.14   0.13 0.781
Washington 1.79   1.95 0.160 5.35   5.70 0.394 7.15a  8.56 0.048 0.16   0.16 0.973
West Virginia 1.23   1.27 0.659 5.09   5.30 0.597 5.70   5.67 0.961 0.11   0.12 0.624
Wisconsin 1.82   1.91 0.370 6.06   6.11 0.921 7.54   8.31 0.235 0.12   0.11 0.743
Wyoming 1.88   1.92 0.724 6.48   6.51 0.951 7.26   7.67 0.526 0.11   0.11 0.773

101011

Table C.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 3.58   3.53 0.546 4.53   4.46 0.621 7.96   8.09 0.461 2.71   2.63 0.447
Northeast 3.32   3.45 0.283 4.01   4.06 0.814 7.86a  8.84 0.002 2.47   2.47 0.988
Midwest 3.37   3.27 0.323 4.45   4.39 0.747 7.79   7.80 0.953 2.47   2.35 0.336
South 3.54   3.43 0.291 4.51   4.33 0.324 7.78   7.72 0.791 2.70   2.59 0.399
West 4.06   4.00 0.697 5.01   5.03 0.944 8.47   8.32 0.679 3.14   3.08 0.763
Alabama 3.81   3.84 0.925 4.77   4.89 0.848 8.47   9.38 0.289 2.90   2.77 0.729
Alaska 3.93   3.82 0.737 4.85   4.13 0.223 8.29   8.20 0.924 2.96   2.95 0.978
Arizona 4.45   4.16 0.478 5.59   4.99 0.314 9.37   8.61 0.445 3.46   3.29 0.747
Arkansas 4.28b  3.73 0.063 4.69   4.63 0.922 10.06b  8.37 0.062 3.29   2.86 0.276
California 3.94   4.02 0.720 4.81   5.24 0.280 8.01   7.91 0.861 3.05   3.10 0.841
Colorado 4.57a  3.61 0.014 5.38b  4.27 0.070 10.96   9.85 0.234 3.40b  2.50 0.054
Connecticut 3.26   3.42 0.476 4.31   4.43 0.819 7.60   8.60 0.219 2.44   2.48 0.903
Delaware 4.20   3.99 0.515 4.50   4.67 0.784 9.46   9.20 0.757 3.29   3.04 0.554
District of Columbia 4.53   4.04 0.174 4.25   4.45 0.744 6.99   6.55 0.592 4.02   3.43 0.215
Florida 3.50   3.39 0.630 4.45   4.48 0.935 7.58   6.80 0.119 2.79   2.77 0.922
Georgia 3.07   3.15 0.770 3.91   3.98 0.901 7.14   7.88 0.363 2.26   2.23 0.908
Hawaii 4.18b  5.06 0.082 4.85   4.97 0.873 7.82   8.57 0.458 3.53   4.51 0.125
Idaho 3.53   3.80 0.371 4.87   4.82 0.937 7.40   7.60 0.808 2.65   2.98 0.367
Illinois 2.95b  3.23 0.095 3.72   4.23 0.156 6.36   6.72 0.475 2.23   2.47 0.252
Indiana 4.20   3.98 0.491 5.55   5.38 0.801 9.11   8.53 0.476 3.18   3.03 0.697
Iowa 1.81   2.01 0.286 3.14   3.79 0.268 4.73   5.09 0.594 1.12   1.24 0.534
Kansas 3.55   3.31 0.303 4.83   4.38 0.426 7.52   7.29 0.779 2.63   2.42 0.476
Kentucky 4.39   3.93 0.150 4.95   4.68 0.678 10.41   8.95 0.114 3.38   3.05 0.413
Louisiana 3.93   3.78 0.644 4.95   4.06 0.104 7.72b  9.21 0.079 3.05   2.69 0.392
Maine 2.98b  3.41 0.077 4.29   4.46 0.742 8.33   9.78 0.130 2.08   2.41 0.259
Maryland 3.23a  2.67 0.029 4.00   3.80 0.707 6.87   5.96 0.207 2.52b  1.97 0.089
Massachusetts 3.38a  4.09 0.011 3.91   4.26 0.530 7.67a  9.88 0.020 2.57   3.04 0.144
Michigan 3.56   3.80 0.222 4.82   4.71 0.760 8.76   9.08 0.545 2.51   2.78 0.266
Minnesota 3.08   2.83 0.274 4.26   3.70 0.261 7.62   7.58 0.965 2.14   1.91 0.400
Mississippi 3.08   3.14 0.815 3.90   4.84 0.136 6.93   7.08 0.856 2.25   2.17 0.815
Missouri 3.87a  3.12 0.005 4.73   4.06 0.252 9.27   8.24 0.224 2.86a  2.16 0.034
Montana 3.89   3.45 0.103 4.88   4.58 0.603 9.27   8.72 0.519 2.86   2.44 0.226
Nebraska 2.91   2.80 0.655 4.22   4.32 0.861 6.81   6.34 0.514 1.99   1.93 0.825
Nevada 4.45   4.82 0.415 5.70   5.56 0.820 9.29   10.55 0.185 3.57   3.88 0.595
New Hampshire 3.57a  4.20 0.031 4.42   4.56 0.801 9.36a  11.49 0.040 2.58   3.04 0.181
New Jersey 2.73   2.78 0.842 3.61   3.61 0.995 7.07   7.71 0.410 1.96   1.92 0.880
New Mexico 3.56   3.79 0.449 5.41   5.37 0.958 7.49   7.71 0.781 2.58   2.86 0.476
New York 3.54   3.65 0.621 3.89   3.90 0.975 7.86a  9.30 0.011 2.73   2.60 0.644
North Carolina 3.51   3.64 0.625 4.48   4.33 0.785 8.19   8.66 0.551 2.63   2.75 0.734
North Dakota 2.28   2.12 0.410 3.70   3.67 0.955 5.40   4.98 0.487 1.39   1.28 0.666
Ohio 3.30   3.24 0.715 4.35   4.32 0.922 7.87   8.46 0.233 2.41   2.24 0.410
Oklahoma 4.85   4.95 0.822 5.71   5.04 0.331 10.61   10.81 0.847 3.68   3.87 0.731
Oregon 5.51   4.89 0.151 6.19   5.39 0.252 11.39   10.42 0.352 4.52   3.97 0.313
Pennsylvania 3.11   3.02 0.607 4.23   4.17 0.872 7.75   7.50 0.598 2.21   2.14 0.753
Rhode Island 5.87   5.53 0.479 5.30   5.70 0.567 12.47   11.62 0.502 4.71   4.37 0.562
South Carolina 3.09a  4.06 0.012 4.28   4.79 0.394 7.13   6.32 0.293 2.28a  3.60 0.006
South Dakota 2.33   2.24 0.666 3.62   3.90 0.638 6.23   5.23 0.124 1.44   1.48 0.867
Tennessee 4.27a  3.56 0.027 4.74   4.33 0.436 9.13   7.87 0.137 3.47b  2.80 0.098
Texas 3.30   3.19 0.546 4.67   4.17 0.210 6.91   7.44 0.248 2.41   2.25 0.462
Utah 3.12a  3.75 0.014 4.58   4.47 0.832 6.86a  8.54 0.034 1.91b  2.43 0.099
Vermont 4.00   3.93 0.841 4.81   4.14 0.196 11.01   12.04 0.315 2.76   2.58 0.674
Virginia 3.13a  2.67 0.043 4.27   4.01 0.616 7.25   6.46 0.284 2.29   1.86 0.128
Washington 3.74   3.40 0.267 4.68   4.39 0.609 8.21   7.73 0.585 2.91   2.58 0.392
West Virginia 3.78a  4.44 0.048 4.63   4.89 0.680 9.55b  11.27 0.059 2.85   3.40 0.176
Wisconsin 4.15a  3.38 0.005 5.07   4.67 0.495 9.25   8.85 0.653 3.16a  2.30 0.013
Wyoming 2.96   2.78 0.462 4.63   4.46 0.782 7.39   6.86 0.509 1.96   1.85 0.696

101011

Table C.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.21a  2.00 0.006 1.37a  1.10 0.000 5.95a  5.40 0.000 1.68   1.53 0.163
Northeast 2.28   2.33 0.659 1.30a  1.09 0.013 6.19   6.45 0.285 1.75   1.78 0.810
Midwest 2.07a  1.82 0.002 1.27a  1.05 0.006 5.84a  5.10 0.000 1.52   1.36 0.119
South 2.09a  1.82 0.001 1.28a  0.98 0.000 5.34a  4.60 0.000 1.65b  1.46 0.080
West 2.47a  2.21 0.026 1.66a  1.34 0.008 6.75a  6.07 0.006 1.81   1.62 0.231
Alabama 1.55   1.40 0.347 1.02a  0.76 0.015 3.93   3.40 0.114 1.21   1.14 0.710
Alaska 3.07   3.00 0.847 1.72   1.46 0.220 7.88   7.41 0.536 2.38   2.40 0.970
Arizona 3.10a  2.30 0.005 2.09a  1.38 0.001 8.04b  6.90 0.086 2.41a  1.64 0.017
Arkansas 2.06a  1.44 0.003 1.23a  0.88 0.008 5.45a  3.46 0.000 1.61b  1.19 0.062
California 2.27   2.12 0.347 1.59   1.39 0.260 6.12   5.57 0.124 1.64   1.57 0.688
Colorado 3.66   3.23 0.245 2.10a  1.35 0.001 10.44b  8.92 0.075 2.72   2.51 0.629
Connecticut 2.28   2.07 0.338 1.62a  1.25 0.019 6.46   6.19 0.606 1.71   1.52 0.462
Delaware 2.63   2.37 0.338 1.12   0.91 0.105 6.62   6.40 0.687 2.15   1.87 0.377
District of Columbia 4.20   3.77 0.407 0.62   0.44 0.106 5.47   5.07 0.470 4.26   3.78 0.483
Florida 2.00   1.80 0.188 1.46a  1.04 0.001 5.56a  4.65 0.008 1.54   1.46 0.669
Georgia 2.06a  1.53 0.005 1.09a  0.81 0.008 4.79a  3.92 0.032 1.74a  1.22 0.019
Hawaii 2.11   1.75 0.144 1.52   1.24 0.170 5.49a  4.33 0.046 1.64   1.39 0.387
Idaho 1.50   1.30 0.142 1.42   1.24 0.250 5.26b  4.48 0.078 0.84   0.75 0.500
Illinois 2.07   1.92 0.293 1.16   0.99 0.106 5.11b  4.61 0.096 1.65   1.56 0.600
Indiana 2.18a  1.66 0.009 1.30   1.09 0.165 6.39a  4.95 0.005 1.59b  1.18 0.053
Iowa 1.20   1.12 0.557 1.13   1.12 0.988 4.13   3.61 0.200 0.68   0.68 0.976
Kansas 1.73   1.52 0.195 1.42a  1.10 0.042 5.75   4.97 0.115 1.02   0.93 0.581
Kentucky 1.84a  1.41 0.007 1.29b  1.03 0.067 5.97a  4.38 0.001 1.25   0.98 0.114
Louisiana 2.59   2.34 0.310 0.94   0.85 0.429 5.07   4.72 0.401 2.33   2.08 0.395
Maine 2.43   2.29 0.580 1.33   1.12 0.194 7.84   7.68 0.811 1.80   1.67 0.644
Maryland 2.04a  1.52 0.012 1.04   0.87 0.159 4.69a  3.79 0.035 1.73a  1.22 0.031
Massachusetts 2.17   2.44 0.290 1.35   1.17 0.283 6.36   7.14 0.214 1.54   1.75 0.454
Michigan 2.15   2.00 0.287 1.13   1.05 0.432 6.25   5.72 0.108 1.59   1.50 0.563
Minnesota 2.34a  1.78 0.004 1.58a  1.11 0.001 6.38a  5.12 0.011 1.73a  1.29 0.042
Mississippi 1.27   1.38 0.508 0.66   0.63 0.816 3.12   3.12 0.988 1.02   1.16 0.441
Missouri 2.00   2.01 0.932 1.31a  1.01 0.030 5.93   5.74 0.716 1.43   1.53 0.667
Montana 2.25   2.31 0.779 1.27   1.17 0.462 7.66   7.63 0.962 1.46   1.56 0.641
Nebraska 1.45   1.57 0.435 1.20   1.09 0.408 4.51   4.56 0.924 0.91   1.07 0.294
Nevada 2.50   2.33 0.492 2.10a  1.50 0.006 7.00   6.76 0.680 1.88   1.78 0.702
New Hampshire 2.21a  2.74 0.043 1.49   1.23 0.158 7.23a  8.98 0.020 1.54   1.97 0.121
New Jersey 1.74   1.76 0.883 1.19   1.03 0.197 5.06   4.92 0.737 1.30   1.36 0.730
New Mexico 2.02   2.16 0.533 1.66b  1.30 0.094 6.41   6.55 0.811 1.26   1.46 0.413
New York 2.60   2.66 0.751 1.25   1.09 0.241 6.46a  7.31 0.049 2.08   2.01 0.770
North Carolina 2.54b  2.09 0.064 1.05   0.90 0.254 6.07a  4.83 0.015 2.16   1.79 0.181
North Dakota 1.45   1.22 0.132 1.07   1.05 0.880 4.18   3.72 0.279 0.88   0.69 0.202
Ohio 1.90a  1.50 0.004 1.22   1.03 0.136 5.83a  4.53 0.000 1.34b  1.06 0.086
Oklahoma 1.55   1.51 0.814 1.37   1.14 0.116 4.74   4.70 0.934 0.98   0.98 0.968
Oregon 3.24a  2.63 0.020 1.61a  1.23 0.026 8.84   7.99 0.181 2.56a  1.96 0.045
Pennsylvania 2.03   2.03 0.980 1.28a  1.01 0.022 5.47b  4.84 0.057 1.56   1.69 0.513
Rhode Island 4.14   3.87 0.534 1.65b  1.26 0.056 10.12   9.30 0.355 3.34   3.16 0.735
South Carolina 2.33   2.77 0.111 1.05b  0.82 0.056 5.72b  4.89 0.081 1.94a  2.66 0.022
South Dakota 1.30   1.19 0.425 1.06   0.95 0.457 4.49   3.91 0.182 0.75   0.73 0.880
Tennessee 2.43a  1.58 0.000 1.15b  0.92 0.070 6.76a  4.27 0.000 1.93a  1.25 0.002
Texas 2.00   1.90 0.492 1.63a  1.15 0.001 5.08   5.10 0.967 1.47   1.40 0.713
Utah 1.79b  1.44 0.057 1.34   1.16 0.301 5.17b  4.15 0.057 1.01   0.82 0.302
Vermont 2.99   2.99 0.997 1.32   1.22 0.579 10.50   10.17 0.675 1.97   2.02 0.856
Virginia 2.17a  1.76 0.048 1.31a  1.04 0.046 5.95a  4.95 0.038 1.64   1.31 0.143
Washington 2.30   2.11 0.394 1.51b  1.20 0.054 6.72   6.20 0.378 1.69   1.56 0.601
West Virginia 2.51   2.55 0.889 1.34b  1.05 0.085 7.85   7.70 0.816 1.87   1.97 0.726
Wisconsin 2.94   2.71 0.402 1.57a  1.17 0.019 7.52   7.22 0.625 2.34   2.14 0.522
Wyoming 1.77   1.46 0.102 1.41b  1.11 0.074 6.23a  5.24 0.048 1.03   0.83 0.405

101011

Table C.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 4.89   4.84 0.581 6.56   6.51 0.763 12.05   11.94 0.591 3.44   3.40 0.716
Northeast 4.13b  4.38 0.051 5.29   5.30 0.965 11.07a  12.00 0.013 2.83   2.98 0.320
Midwest 4.93   4.85 0.473 6.81   6.74 0.758 12.20   12.21 0.980 3.42   3.33 0.525
South 4.88   4.79 0.419 6.71   6.50 0.320 11.89   11.87 0.936 3.46   3.37 0.523
West 5.48   5.29 0.291 7.03   7.21 0.567 12.87a  11.74 0.007 3.93   3.87 0.747
Alabama 5.36   5.12 0.445 7.26   7.55 0.691 13.28   13.02 0.804 3.77   3.47 0.409
Alaska 5.21   5.24 0.939 7.35   7.18 0.813 11.12   11.57 0.668 3.77   3.76 0.987
Arizona 6.10   6.00 0.835 8.43   7.47 0.212 13.84   13.82 0.987 4.47   4.48 0.982
Arkansas 6.32a  5.09 0.002 7.94   7.63 0.668 15.93a  12.29 0.001 4.55a  3.59 0.046
California 5.16b  4.76 0.098 6.35   6.76 0.351 12.07a  10.19 0.002 3.68   3.44 0.415
Colorado 5.58   5.68 0.808 7.13   7.35 0.759 14.41   13.73 0.546 3.92   4.13 0.642
Connecticut 3.83   3.79 0.889 5.02   4.96 0.915 10.45   10.50 0.959 2.64   2.59 0.872
Delaware 5.11   5.56 0.267 6.36   6.38 0.973 13.04   13.49 0.677 3.63   4.13 0.310
District of Columbia 3.83   3.69 0.662 4.06   4.35 0.607 8.09   7.78 0.696 2.86   2.71 0.686
Florida 4.10   4.14 0.859 6.45   5.94 0.255 10.93   10.35 0.297 2.84   3.03 0.480
Georgia 5.17b  4.62 0.092 6.28   6.24 0.949 12.34   11.85 0.621 3.80   3.17 0.120
Hawaii 4.50   5.06 0.220 5.96   5.96 0.997 10.09   11.33 0.240 3.45   3.96 0.357
Idaho 5.63   5.79 0.652 7.75   7.91 0.827 12.64   12.80 0.887 4.07   4.25 0.671
Illinois 3.88   4.12 0.214 5.51   5.68 0.698 9.19   9.66 0.398 2.71   2.91 0.375
Indiana 6.04   5.72 0.415 7.66   8.15 0.501 14.16   13.92 0.829 4.44   4.02 0.374
Iowa 3.32   3.62 0.261 5.75   5.75 0.995 8.26   9.18 0.255 2.13   2.37 0.409
Kansas 4.64   5.02 0.236 7.25   7.57 0.664 10.30   11.55 0.194 3.22   3.46 0.523
Kentucky 6.58   5.97 0.148 7.82   7.66 0.838 16.01   15.44 0.633 4.95   4.29 0.190
Louisiana 5.67   5.31 0.356 6.81   6.21 0.383 12.92   13.74 0.441 4.10   3.57 0.257
Maine 4.40   4.70 0.364 6.56   6.25 0.631 12.44   13.57 0.348 3.03   3.30 0.465
Maryland 3.95   3.75 0.471 5.17   5.18 0.995 9.74   9.40 0.699 2.83   2.62 0.517
Massachusetts 4.98   5.31 0.320 5.48   5.47 0.981 13.21   14.14 0.403 3.50   3.72 0.547
Michigan 5.42   5.69 0.276 7.54   7.44 0.825 13.00   13.87 0.188 3.85   4.07 0.459
Minnesota 4.91   4.40 0.102 6.48   6.08 0.528 12.65   11.63 0.308 3.36   2.96 0.278
Mississippi 4.28   4.71 0.169 5.73a  7.70 0.014 10.36   11.01 0.508 2.94   3.13 0.613
Missouri 4.49   4.40 0.771 6.71   6.11 0.343 11.72   12.30 0.580 3.00   2.89 0.739
Montana 5.52   5.30 0.554 7.65   7.18 0.497 14.87   14.14 0.501 3.67   3.60 0.879
Nebraska 3.31   3.55 0.347 5.24   5.64 0.510 8.58   9.27 0.435 2.06   2.19 0.642
Nevada 6.32   5.87 0.306 8.81   8.34 0.553 15.32   14.30 0.406 4.67   4.30 0.489
New Hampshire 5.28b  5.91 0.100 7.04   7.00 0.954 15.00   16.78 0.169 3.58   4.11 0.230
New Jersey 3.53   3.76 0.389 4.64   4.57 0.900 9.84b  11.55 0.088 2.43   2.46 0.917
New Mexico 5.45   5.66 0.631 8.46   8.47 0.990 10.95   11.55 0.546 4.02   4.20 0.744
New York 4.02b  4.37 0.082 4.99   5.22 0.567 10.45a  12.05 0.011 2.75   2.89 0.569
North Carolina 4.66   5.00 0.264 7.02   7.10 0.907 11.84   12.41 0.548 3.20   3.55 0.361
North Dakota 3.98   3.92 0.843 6.54   6.21 0.644 9.24   9.35 0.895 2.45   2.42 0.920
Ohio 5.52   5.47 0.845 7.32   7.35 0.960 15.11   14.62 0.470 3.70   3.73 0.910
Oklahoma 6.93b  8.13 0.053 8.67   9.36 0.453 16.84   18.14 0.385 4.88b  6.15 0.086
Oregon 6.58   6.81 0.637 8.23   8.80 0.467 17.88b  15.56 0.085 4.65   5.22 0.302
Pennsylvania 4.02   4.12 0.631 5.76   5.57 0.634 10.74   10.33 0.486 2.70   2.93 0.389
Rhode Island 6.28   6.13 0.743 6.28   6.55 0.702 16.63   16.05 0.671 4.36   4.22 0.790
South Carolina 4.34   4.74 0.244 6.54   6.96 0.521 11.22   11.17 0.963 2.94   3.41 0.236
South Dakota 3.36b  3.80 0.096 5.58   5.82 0.708 8.50   9.73 0.150 2.12   2.47 0.251
Tennessee 6.52a  4.88 0.000 7.73   6.61 0.111 15.35a  12.71 0.018 5.02a  3.48 0.001
Texas 4.43   4.56 0.535 6.49   5.80 0.128 10.15b  11.22 0.080 3.03   3.12 0.727
Utah 4.94   5.34 0.225 6.91   6.83 0.901 10.26b  12.01 0.082 3.23   3.41 0.639
Vermont 4.67   4.62 0.864 6.38   5.75 0.301 13.27   13.58 0.781 3.07   3.02 0.906
Virginia 4.85   4.63 0.507 6.78   6.91 0.846 11.55   11.15 0.698 3.47   3.24 0.539
Washington 6.13   6.09 0.915 7.72   8.10 0.617 14.77   14.44 0.775 4.55   4.50 0.919
West Virginia 4.98a  5.91 0.017 7.06   7.54 0.506 13.60b  15.49 0.099 3.50b  4.36 0.061
Wisconsin 6.26a  4.84 0.000 7.90   7.02 0.255 15.43a  12.95 0.027 4.50a  3.21 0.004
Wyoming 4.26   3.89 0.219 7.70   6.71 0.198 11.00   9.87 0.211 2.62   2.48 0.676

101011

Table C.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 51.39   51.75 0.330 15.27a  14.66 0.008 61.19   61.51 0.594 54.44   54.83 0.361
Northeast 56.12   56.66 0.299 16.75   16.23 0.213 66.63   67.82 0.108 59.25   59.68 0.498
Midwest 54.23   54.21 0.960 16.14a  15.18 0.003 65.75   65.09 0.321 57.27   57.37 0.860
South 47.38   47.77 0.367 14.18   13.69 0.126 57.39   57.55 0.815 50.02   50.48 0.376
West 51.20   51.78 0.292 15.03   14.52 0.230 58.53   59.36 0.283 54.85   55.41 0.413
Alabama 40.35a  42.96 0.027 13.01   12.72 0.767 52.32   54.51 0.227 41.88a  44.84 0.043
Alaska 54.73   54.44 0.807 14.26   14.23 0.978 61.68   60.34 0.476 59.72   59.28 0.771
Arizona 52.78   51.26 0.214 16.01   14.72 0.236 60.40   59.45 0.597 56.47   54.73 0.261
Arkansas 43.10   43.29 0.877 14.74   15.44 0.494 53.83   55.93 0.260 45.02   44.78 0.880
California 49.72   50.65 0.243 14.81   14.05 0.243 57.78b  59.71 0.076 53.19   54.02 0.417
Colorado 62.13   62.15 0.987 18.96   20.27 0.319 71.26   69.55 0.325 65.97   66.01 0.978
Connecticut 60.94   59.32 0.192 18.31   18.63 0.799 69.40   67.78 0.326 65.10   63.07 0.190
Delaware 55.25   56.32 0.414 15.41   16.29 0.424 67.25   68.56 0.418 58.27   59.19 0.579
District of Columbia 60.53   61.57 0.375 15.42   15.41 0.994 72.43   71.72 0.681 62.29   63.60 0.378
Florida 52.64   51.44 0.155 16.13   15.29 0.245 58.33   56.80 0.149 55.93   54.64 0.210
Georgia 47.96   48.99 0.404 13.00   13.52 0.597 54.33a  58.20 0.035 51.79   52.32 0.735
Hawaii 48.25   48.23 0.985 12.66   11.61 0.327 58.51   57.10 0.483 50.76   50.96 0.911
Idaho 42.42a  45.66 0.013 12.18   13.01 0.401 51.23   52.41 0.521 45.23a  49.11 0.017
Illinois 54.68   54.27 0.581 15.87   15.05 0.219 64.70   64.87 0.875 58.11   57.53 0.538
Indiana 49.29   47.97 0.275 15.67   14.48 0.237 58.22   57.96 0.879 52.28   50.69 0.295
Iowa 54.03a  56.65 0.037 15.33b  17.29 0.080 66.39b  69.21 0.098 56.78   59.35 0.106
Kansas 51.17a  53.93 0.031 15.44   15.91 0.669 65.97   66.39 0.813 53.25a  56.66 0.035
Kentucky 40.29   38.72 0.203 13.77   12.24 0.150 53.42   50.58 0.125 41.52   40.08 0.346
Louisiana 47.83   48.35 0.667 15.40   15.29 0.915 60.20   61.65 0.403 49.93   50.30 0.810
Maine 52.47b  55.12 0.060 16.26b  14.38 0.078 63.83   65.64 0.287 55.02b  58.12 0.072
Maryland 55.10   54.00 0.411 14.39   13.29 0.297 65.59a  60.82 0.006 58.68   58.03 0.698
Massachusetts 61.06   61.59 0.671 18.11   16.69 0.232 71.00   72.45 0.362 64.49   64.92 0.786
Michigan 54.62   54.64 0.986 15.64b  14.56 0.089 66.32a  63.64 0.009 57.93   58.38 0.639
Minnesota 62.70   61.02 0.163 16.99a  14.56 0.036 73.34a  68.33 0.005 66.76   65.58 0.431
Mississippi 38.04b  40.35 0.052 11.85   12.74 0.360 48.56a  52.89 0.013 39.88   41.92 0.176
Missouri 50.32   49.97 0.787 14.90   13.76 0.274 62.25   60.99 0.437 52.93   52.75 0.910
Montana 57.92   58.96 0.433 18.74a  21.46 0.032 67.80   68.93 0.502 61.16   61.81 0.692
Nebraska 55.79   53.68 0.109 16.26a  13.79 0.023 66.78   65.31 0.413 58.98   56.73 0.175
Nevada 51.88b  54.45 0.064 14.33   15.15 0.424 58.64   60.35 0.344 55.76b  58.62 0.099
New Hampshire 63.10   63.95 0.459 18.32   17.62 0.539 74.72   75.12 0.781 66.96   67.88 0.528
New Jersey 53.98   54.27 0.826 15.09   15.12 0.974 63.49   64.93 0.383 57.45   57.49 0.980
New Mexico 45.87   47.62 0.176 15.27   15.64 0.733 58.27   57.06 0.480 47.76   50.09 0.155
New York 55.28   55.71 0.611 17.43   16.78 0.379 65.58   66.34 0.471 58.18   58.55 0.726
North Carolina 45.39   47.46 0.107 14.11   12.75 0.142 57.49   58.46 0.569 47.40   49.99 0.110
North Dakota 59.42   57.77 0.238 20.21   18.91 0.303 75.63a  71.74 0.018 60.75   59.45 0.472
Ohio 51.23   51.60 0.646 16.25a  14.91 0.043 64.48   65.39 0.371 53.61   54.01 0.690
Oklahoma 41.90a  45.66 0.004 13.13   13.86 0.490 56.89   59.09 0.250 42.97a  47.36 0.007
Oregon 59.03   59.83 0.525 16.57   17.74 0.282 65.17   66.78 0.348 63.13   63.65 0.735
Pennsylvania 53.91b  55.40 0.062 15.10   14.98 0.857 65.60a  68.45 0.005 56.78   58.10 0.179
Rhode Island 61.54   59.98 0.223 20.73a  18.19 0.050 74.59a  71.13 0.043 64.13   62.89 0.440
South Carolina 46.72   45.96 0.562 13.36   12.38 0.306 53.47   53.45 0.995 49.88   48.90 0.549
South Dakota 57.24   57.85 0.608 17.28   15.62 0.126 71.42   70.76 0.681 59.97   60.99 0.502
Tennessee 40.37   41.08 0.597 12.33   11.32 0.275 53.77   53.36 0.826 41.77   42.82 0.531
Texas 47.05b  48.49 0.062 14.14   14.10 0.954 57.48   58.42 0.400 49.94b  51.62 0.087
Utah 27.82   28.08 0.844 7.57   6.87 0.443 30.37   31.96 0.460 30.62   30.67 0.977
Vermont 60.69   60.18 0.710 20.31b  18.28 0.094 73.95   73.67 0.861 63.32   62.74 0.734
Virginia 53.55a  50.77 0.027 14.77b  12.93 0.068 64.38a  60.21 0.017 56.61b  53.81 0.075
Washington 56.56   56.04 0.666 15.80b  13.94 0.087 62.96   60.77 0.177 60.66   60.44 0.883
West Virginia 38.23   38.14 0.947 13.92   13.20 0.488 52.96   53.52 0.761 38.78   38.61 0.920
Wisconsin 60.45   61.74 0.275 18.71   18.60 0.928 71.34   71.80 0.765 63.91   65.37 0.331
Wyoming 53.21   54.11 0.501 17.86   17.22 0.600 64.44   62.29 0.200 55.76   57.27 0.372

101011

Table C.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 23.28   23.46 0.392 9.25a  8.82 0.021 41.40   41.35 0.890 22.01   22.25 0.373
Northeast 24.02   24.48 0.210 10.14   9.82 0.370 44.46   44.98 0.363 22.33   22.79 0.321
Midwest 25.92   25.91 0.961 10.09a  9.43 0.014 46.59   45.94 0.157 24.44   24.58 0.736
South 22.05   22.07 0.949 8.57a  7.96 0.014 38.07   37.81 0.562 21.11   21.22 0.771
West 22.11   22.49 0.283 8.84   8.81 0.928 39.24   39.69 0.443 20.84   21.21 0.429
Alabama 19.15   20.48 0.140 7.97   7.41 0.431 33.94   35.43 0.334 18.10   19.61 0.177
Alaska 24.18   24.17 0.991 8.56   9.71 0.180 41.96   40.08 0.263 23.27   23.32 0.968
Arizona 23.20   23.15 0.959 9.32   8.79 0.535 40.10   41.16 0.518 22.22   22.01 0.866
Arkansas 21.63   20.53 0.206 8.83   8.99 0.830 39.08   38.23 0.609 20.44   19.12 0.218
California 21.60   22.15 0.325 8.72   8.54 0.751 38.04   38.95 0.316 20.33   20.83 0.493
Colorado 26.74   26.26 0.615 10.73   10.91 0.841 49.79   47.52 0.159 24.88   24.58 0.800
Connecticut 26.05   27.03 0.375 13.49   13.31 0.878 47.07   46.83 0.887 24.36   25.62 0.362
Delaware 24.51   26.23 0.120 9.46   9.38 0.938 47.12   48.25 0.497 22.64   24.63 0.152
District of Columbia 29.92   29.69 0.846 7.76   7.23 0.612 49.06   46.44 0.139 27.83   28.02 0.890
Florida 22.87   21.91 0.115 9.59a  8.18 0.010 38.32   37.38 0.299 22.10   21.14 0.199
Georgia 21.70   21.44 0.767 7.17   6.97 0.783 35.29   36.39 0.493 21.43   20.89 0.631
Hawaii 22.95   22.78 0.868 7.08   7.13 0.958 40.75   38.99 0.360 21.98   21.96 0.987
Idaho 18.81b  20.16 0.100 8.00   8.56 0.476 35.90   35.66 0.879 17.33b  19.09 0.096
Illinois 26.71   26.43 0.657 10.17   9.71 0.372 45.97   46.28 0.757 25.48   25.04 0.587
Indiana 23.03   22.97 0.939 9.87   9.35 0.511 40.29   40.83 0.741 21.87   21.75 0.912
Iowa 27.18   28.55 0.171 10.48   11.10 0.472 48.63   50.15 0.371 25.49   26.92 0.262
Kansas 24.89   25.12 0.804 9.34   9.46 0.882 47.87   45.63 0.184 22.67   23.37 0.555
Kentucky 19.85   20.29 0.612 8.88   8.08 0.286 36.66   37.68 0.516 18.57   19.05 0.652
Louisiana 23.79   23.59 0.837 8.66   8.12 0.462 39.07   38.40 0.662 22.92   22.86 0.956
Maine 21.65   22.07 0.670 9.55a  7.82 0.039 43.09   45.32 0.207 20.04   20.41 0.759
Maryland 22.14   20.92 0.182 8.99   8.15 0.292 40.57a  36.65 0.020 20.79   19.89 0.419
Massachusetts 25.71   24.89 0.390 10.71   10.28 0.628 48.87   46.88 0.241 23.49   22.70 0.493
Michigan 24.40   25.33 0.151 8.92   8.50 0.390 44.19   43.10 0.256 23.15b  24.52 0.092
Minnesota 30.05a  26.93 0.005 10.49a  8.00 0.005 54.00a  47.21 0.000 28.43b  25.84 0.056
Mississippi 19.87   20.26 0.657 6.92   7.22 0.688 32.32   33.38 0.480 19.44   19.68 0.828
Missouri 23.79   24.23 0.633 9.47   8.80 0.397 43.37   42.44 0.556 22.40   23.19 0.495
Montana 26.76   26.95 0.852 11.55a  13.81 0.035 50.58   50.53 0.979 24.63   24.59 0.974
Nebraska 25.32   25.83 0.586 9.57   8.49 0.172 44.53   46.83 0.167 23.80   24.13 0.782
Nevada 24.18b  26.13 0.064 9.18   9.30 0.895 39.52a  43.31 0.023 23.87   25.75 0.152
New Hampshire 25.93   25.35 0.566 12.51   11.23 0.166 53.10   51.34 0.331 23.49   23.10 0.755
New Jersey 22.77b  24.41 0.094 9.84   9.18 0.485 41.02b  44.13 0.056 21.63   23.26 0.178
New Mexico 21.91   22.87 0.325 9.50   10.18 0.433 39.15   38.25 0.596 20.43   21.71 0.290
New York 23.25   24.08 0.156 9.79   10.06 0.638 43.05   43.67 0.533 21.41   22.27 0.243
North Carolina 21.42   20.84 0.500 8.15   7.38 0.224 37.52   36.88 0.666 20.51   19.91 0.586
North Dakota 32.58a  29.77 0.007 12.27   12.51 0.828 59.51a  53.52 0.001 29.05b  26.59 0.064
Ohio 25.54   25.33 0.722 10.65b  9.74 0.087 46.75   46.98 0.808 23.98   23.76 0.764
Oklahoma 21.58   22.34 0.423 8.31   9.52 0.165 39.23   38.88 0.835 20.10   21.00 0.453
Oregon 23.40   23.98 0.531 9.06   10.01 0.219 44.36   46.12 0.287 21.88   22.18 0.786
Pennsylvania 24.32   24.05 0.657 9.15   8.68 0.356 43.99   44.83 0.392 22.97   22.49 0.516
Rhode Island 27.71   27.22 0.657 11.77a  9.56 0.024 52.04a  48.45 0.042 25.15   25.35 0.881
South Carolina 21.51   21.83 0.732 6.96   6.33 0.319 34.63   35.79 0.443 21.22   21.47 0.833
South Dakota 28.47   29.71 0.228 10.47   9.55 0.319 53.16   52.28 0.596 26.36   28.26 0.142
Tennessee 18.73   18.72 0.987 7.84   7.07 0.241 34.21   33.37 0.587 17.71   17.89 0.868
Texas 23.21   24.19 0.104 8.94   8.50 0.381 38.95   38.98 0.975 22.34b  23.68 0.078
Utah 15.13   14.07 0.216 5.96   5.48 0.502 23.79   23.71 0.963 14.48   13.10 0.219
Vermont 25.32   26.03 0.452 12.70b  10.76 0.067 53.34   51.90 0.380 22.25   23.54 0.273
Virginia 23.66   23.58 0.924 9.32   8.41 0.222 43.57   42.98 0.731 22.11   22.15 0.974
Washington 21.10   21.39 0.751 8.56   8.57 0.991 41.38   40.36 0.523 19.43   19.91 0.669
West Virginia 19.26   20.11 0.341 8.90   8.14 0.337 37.72   38.69 0.574 17.73   18.72 0.362
Wisconsin 28.17   29.03 0.445 11.51   11.00 0.594 51.36   51.66 0.863 26.35   27.43 0.437
Wyoming 24.68   23.31 0.160 11.79   11.39 0.767 44.99b  41.75 0.057 22.72   21.53 0.320

101011

Table C.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 41.94   41.93 0.984 39.98   40.23 0.422 33.21   33.25 0.907 43.70   43.65 0.882
Northeast 40.39   40.27 0.795 39.21   39.55 0.541 30.69   30.85 0.776 42.16   41.95 0.719
Midwest 38.57   38.79 0.518 37.26   37.87 0.206 28.34   28.95 0.134 40.51   40.61 0.824
South 44.09   44.05 0.910 41.85   41.95 0.823 36.27   36.13 0.767 45.70   45.65 0.917
West 43.01   42.91 0.830 40.23   40.27 0.950 35.07   34.69 0.548 44.82   44.76 0.909
Alabama 45.88   45.40 0.717 43.54   44.90 0.403 36.74   37.95 0.452 47.73   46.73 0.541
Alaska 38.87a  41.32 0.044 41.71   42.68 0.564 28.25   29.84 0.343 40.43b  43.29 0.068
Arizona 42.38   43.40 0.436 37.24   39.31 0.205 36.46   36.53 0.967 44.07   45.11 0.534
Arkansas 41.32   43.17 0.141 39.19b  42.05 0.072 34.44   33.89 0.742 42.71   44.82 0.170
California 43.79   43.50 0.704 41.68   41.71 0.974 36.54   36.20 0.739 45.47   45.16 0.748
Colorado 38.35b  40.66 0.061 36.60   37.23 0.662 26.10a  30.02 0.010 40.61   42.85 0.146
Connecticut 39.75   40.83 0.403 37.09a  40.68 0.037 30.32   32.27 0.244 41.57   42.21 0.695
Delaware 41.71   40.62 0.384 41.99   40.36 0.317 32.52   31.83 0.713 43.21   42.11 0.484
District of Columbia 41.46   40.74 0.554 45.00   46.12 0.503 31.85   33.09 0.498 43.25   41.96 0.405
Florida 44.03   44.71 0.376 40.97   41.43 0.650 37.12   37.67 0.570 45.39   46.10 0.447
Georgia 45.05   45.66 0.639 45.49   46.62 0.476 36.49   36.10 0.803 46.45   47.16 0.666
Hawaii 41.51   39.77 0.220 40.88   42.44 0.382 31.95   32.33 0.830 43.09   40.65 0.164
Idaho 42.57b  40.39 0.064 36.94   37.59 0.675 33.53   32.36 0.430 44.99b  42.20 0.064
Illinois 40.53   40.03 0.505 39.08   38.75 0.727 31.59   30.47 0.216 42.33   41.93 0.674
Indiana 39.70   39.79 0.933 37.86   38.52 0.674 29.18   29.34 0.909 41.73   41.72 0.998
Iowa 36.96   35.42 0.210 38.96   37.75 0.442 24.04   24.66 0.661 39.00   37.03 0.203
Kansas 37.45   37.96 0.675 35.12   34.03 0.506 24.15   26.17 0.192 40.27   40.68 0.789
Kentucky 41.96   42.68 0.568 43.39   42.27 0.503 32.66   33.20 0.727 43.24   44.21 0.531
Louisiana 45.40   45.51 0.924 44.28   44.63 0.831 39.10   40.57 0.366 46.78   46.59 0.902
Maine 38.07   37.31 0.567 35.84   36.00 0.919 25.05   26.22 0.426 40.14   38.98 0.476
Maryland 42.31   43.11 0.532 41.95   43.46 0.361 35.51   37.67 0.197 43.49   43.98 0.759
Massachusetts 35.32   35.38 0.960 33.30   34.17 0.582 24.99   26.45 0.301 37.35   37.11 0.878
Michigan 39.10   39.24 0.846 36.75a  38.88 0.021 30.30b  31.76 0.085 40.91   40.56 0.707
Minnesota 36.52   37.05 0.661 36.39   38.04 0.300 27.88   27.32 0.703 38.04   38.59 0.716
Mississippi 48.11   48.12 0.992 47.15   46.37 0.657 42.39   42.16 0.890 49.30   49.47 0.919
Missouri 39.25b  41.27 0.085 36.70a  39.91 0.049 27.03a  30.72 0.013 41.61   43.18 0.291
Montana 39.69   39.01 0.590 34.70   33.58 0.445 28.66   29.72 0.477 42.19   41.21 0.545
Nebraska 36.29   35.26 0.400 35.73   35.09 0.691 26.19   24.83 0.364 38.27   37.26 0.515
Nevada 46.07   45.35 0.572 41.04   41.54 0.760 38.16   36.05 0.220 47.89   47.21 0.673
New Hampshire 32.88a  35.67 0.016 31.78   33.53 0.234 20.00a  23.13 0.021 34.97a  37.85 0.048
New Jersey 43.17b  40.81 0.064 38.89a  34.86 0.012 33.25   31.57 0.310 45.22   42.97 0.156
New Mexico 47.67   45.96 0.218 39.45   37.57 0.238 38.24   37.07 0.458 50.53   48.71 0.305
New York 42.24   41.98 0.751 40.96   41.52 0.597 32.34   31.94 0.687 44.16   43.85 0.763
North Carolina 44.43   43.58 0.462 41.17   38.88 0.165 36.00   35.63 0.805 46.19   45.44 0.605
North Dakota 36.37   34.95 0.216 35.36   34.34 0.507 24.80   25.16 0.807 39.14   37.22 0.208
Ohio 38.95   39.34 0.607 37.04   37.38 0.703 27.74   28.02 0.722 41.05   41.45 0.682
Oklahoma 44.01   42.90 0.393 39.73   39.23 0.765 33.79   34.26 0.775 46.46   44.95 0.365
Oregon 38.63   38.74 0.926 33.91   34.85 0.553 28.55   27.16 0.343 40.75   40.98 0.871
Pennsylvania 39.84   40.82 0.211 41.66a  43.51 0.046 31.69   32.28 0.481 40.95   41.90 0.332
Rhode Island 38.60   38.41 0.884 40.10   39.46 0.691 29.66   31.08 0.389 40.08   39.66 0.800
South Carolina 44.26   45.70 0.256 41.79   41.50 0.862 35.92a  39.13 0.042 45.94   47.29 0.392
South Dakota 35.17   34.55 0.624 33.44   32.69 0.635 23.07   24.63 0.266 37.61   36.58 0.522
Tennessee 45.43a  42.58 0.035 41.51   41.21 0.843 35.92   33.63 0.120 47.36b  44.12 0.053
Texas 44.26   43.82 0.577 40.83   40.83 1.000 37.13   35.81 0.163 46.12   45.77 0.729
Utah 51.25   49.65 0.240 50.12a  46.23 0.045 45.10a  38.95 0.001 53.03   52.92 0.955
Vermont 36.59   36.50 0.942 34.04   34.15 0.943 21.20   22.46 0.346 39.40   39.05 0.833
Virginia 42.42   41.94 0.721 40.03   40.37 0.843 33.33   32.15 0.430 44.25   43.80 0.789
Washington 41.09   40.94 0.907 37.56   36.34 0.432 30.72   30.33 0.785 43.19   43.21 0.988
West Virginia 41.08b  43.42 0.077 40.27   39.28 0.557 33.67   32.36 0.410 42.24a  45.45 0.049
Wisconsin 35.15   36.29 0.319 36.50   35.79 0.650 25.81   27.86 0.136 36.56   37.77 0.408
Wyoming 40.27   39.93 0.788 37.19   39.70 0.143 27.49   29.19 0.360 42.94   41.87 0.499

101011

Table C.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2007-2008)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2008-2009)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2007-2008)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2008-2009)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 27.16   26.81 0.130 18.03   17.74 0.192
Northeast 30.54   30.77 0.616 20.30   19.97 0.424
Midwest 28.49a  27.59 0.006 19.78   19.26 0.106
South 25.27   25.13 0.673 16.32   16.13 0.485
West 26.27   25.71 0.214 17.31   17.15 0.687
Alabama 22.74   23.63 0.422 14.31   14.55 0.765
Alaska 26.24   25.44 0.528 18.30   18.57 0.795
Arizona 27.36a  24.62 0.020 16.83   16.04 0.406
Arkansas 24.05   23.05 0.380 15.34   14.55 0.353
California 25.60   25.14 0.521 16.91   16.74 0.783
Colorado 31.98   32.96 0.446 20.73   20.27 0.648
Connecticut 32.37   31.03 0.293 24.29   23.70 0.618
Delaware 30.29b  32.48 0.090 21.30   22.21 0.444
District of Columbia 35.02a  31.60 0.041 22.77a  17.76 0.000
Florida 27.55   26.61 0.164 17.52b  16.55 0.086
Georgia 23.56   24.18 0.564 14.44   14.89 0.559
Hawaii 22.67   23.75 0.383 15.56   16.60 0.334
Idaho 20.83a  23.99 0.007 14.26b  15.94 0.067
Illinois 27.98   28.35 0.607 19.77   19.58 0.761
Indiana 25.47b  23.57 0.084 17.41   16.95 0.607
Iowa 27.90b  29.88 0.094 20.41   21.22 0.414
Kansas 26.85b  28.80 0.076 18.46   19.12 0.513
Kentucky 24.59   23.68 0.443 16.57   16.48 0.918
Louisiana 28.96   29.68 0.509 17.26   17.69 0.591
Maine 28.35   26.62 0.116 19.10a  16.91 0.012
Maryland 28.10b  25.95 0.064 17.87   16.69 0.191
Massachusetts 33.32   32.96 0.771 23.12   22.31 0.444
Michigan 28.73a  26.75 0.003 18.38   17.80 0.320
Minnesota 29.62b  27.48 0.080 21.76a  19.61 0.029
Mississippi 21.34a  24.26 0.012 14.14b  15.68 0.087
Missouri 27.00a  24.17 0.013 18.39b  16.81 0.075
Montana 32.62   34.50 0.147 22.82   24.44 0.149
Nebraska 28.33   26.39 0.121 18.61   18.25 0.721
Nevada 23.73   24.66 0.431 16.70   17.01 0.736
New Hampshire 34.23   34.73 0.673 25.08   24.56 0.609
New Jersey 26.33   27.24 0.459 17.63   18.33 0.463
New Mexico 26.60   25.68 0.455 17.33   17.43 0.915
New York 31.52   31.98 0.549 20.12   20.03 0.894
North Carolina 24.13   22.40 0.114 14.87   13.59 0.108
North Dakota 37.98   36.45 0.258 27.97   26.40 0.178
Ohio 29.06   28.41 0.305 20.83   20.48 0.566
Oklahoma 24.51   25.90 0.261 16.69   17.63 0.323
Oregon 31.13   31.28 0.906 20.49   20.06 0.653
Pennsylvania 28.69   29.42 0.303 18.67   18.13 0.382
Rhode Island 37.70a  34.72 0.026 25.24a  22.46 0.010
South Carolina 22.97   21.79 0.281 13.70   13.43 0.733
South Dakota 31.30   32.15 0.461 22.66   22.82 0.876
Tennessee 21.30   20.11 0.301 14.62   13.52 0.217
Texas 25.54   26.46 0.158 16.99   17.16 0.768
Utah 13.64   14.21 0.643 11.69   11.53 0.876
Vermont 38.32   36.60 0.186 27.25a  24.62 0.022
Virginia 26.16   25.88 0.812 17.89   18.44 0.565
Washington 29.83a  26.97 0.018 18.51   18.30 0.832
West Virginia 23.91   22.66 0.300 16.32   15.86 0.640
Wisconsin 31.78   30.90 0.471 22.00   21.62 0.711
Wyoming 30.60   30.55 0.974 22.60   21.51 0.390

101011

Table C.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 28.49b  28.02 0.098 11.91b  11.52 0.075 41.61   41.51 0.754 28.42   27.82 0.105
Northeast 26.27   26.20 0.874 11.18   10.92 0.464 40.40   41.11 0.206 25.78   25.53 0.657
Midwest 31.23b  30.56 0.066 13.79a  13.19 0.048 46.95   46.35 0.208 30.82   30.07 0.116
South 30.23b  29.54 0.054 12.27a  11.46 0.007 42.27   41.68 0.207 30.55   29.81 0.106
West 24.92   24.68 0.594 10.16   10.52 0.343 36.60   37.12 0.393 24.84   24.33 0.378
Alabama 32.67   32.97 0.796 14.67   13.21 0.125 47.45   45.49 0.249 32.50   33.35 0.562
Alaska 29.60   29.39 0.848 13.56   13.51 0.962 44.74   44.53 0.909 29.26   28.90 0.799
Arizona 27.86a  25.69 0.047 11.07   10.10 0.261 41.26   39.76 0.378 27.86b  25.39 0.072
Arkansas 35.88   35.28 0.615 14.87   14.93 0.952 48.56   47.63 0.592 36.52   35.86 0.659
California 22.51   22.81 0.654 8.36b  9.46 0.055 33.03   34.35 0.162 22.54   22.46 0.928
Colorado 30.10a  27.44 0.016 14.07   13.22 0.397 48.19a  43.71 0.007 29.07b  26.45 0.057
Connecticut 26.45   25.40 0.337 11.47   10.92 0.575 42.95   41.56 0.408 25.79   24.65 0.407
Delaware 30.29   30.13 0.894 12.39   12.99 0.533 43.92   45.48 0.334 30.27   29.67 0.679
District of Columbia 29.48   27.72 0.127 9.40   9.34 0.943 37.41   34.89 0.136 29.68   27.82 0.194
Florida 28.56a  26.75 0.011 11.40   10.54 0.154 40.34a  38.38 0.035 28.76a  26.81 0.028
Georgia 31.39a  28.89 0.022 13.37b  11.64 0.058 42.28   40.79 0.396 32.07a  29.25 0.043
Hawaii 24.15b  22.31 0.096 10.04   10.01 0.973 38.82   37.13 0.365 23.47   21.34 0.116
Idaho 25.30   26.87 0.114 10.75   10.69 0.939 37.84   39.77 0.234 25.18   26.91 0.174
Illinois 29.69   28.99 0.305 12.92   12.41 0.368 44.25   44.18 0.943 29.34   28.43 0.300
Indiana 32.91   31.94 0.352 15.11   13.92 0.247 47.51   46.49 0.534 32.82   31.85 0.466
Iowa 28.79   30.28 0.176 12.58   12.36 0.820 41.50   44.12 0.102 28.60   30.07 0.289
Kansas 30.47   30.75 0.807 13.23   13.09 0.894 49.31   47.48 0.294 29.28   29.98 0.630
Kentucky 38.47   38.09 0.750 18.01   16.82 0.321 54.37   52.71 0.291 38.51   38.37 0.928
Louisiana 30.73   30.71 0.986 11.57   10.60 0.251 41.51   41.14 0.814 31.30   31.46 0.915
Maine 29.85   29.85 0.995 12.70   12.06 0.535 46.30   47.69 0.412 29.50   29.32 0.901
Maryland 25.30   23.97 0.210 9.37   8.67 0.355 36.79   35.56 0.445 25.47   23.96 0.260
Massachusetts 24.37   25.02 0.520 10.74   10.47 0.754 39.11   41.40 0.151 23.45   23.82 0.773
Michigan 30.24   30.44 0.778 13.07   12.89 0.757 45.72   45.90 0.841 29.95   30.12 0.843
Minnesota 29.85a  27.66 0.035 13.76   12.39 0.126 49.23   47.46 0.266 28.57b  26.19 0.072
Mississippi 31.18   31.64 0.685 11.18   12.02 0.345 41.90   43.40 0.356 32.09   32.23 0.923
Missouri 32.56   32.70 0.891 13.90   14.52 0.539 47.06   47.29 0.888 32.57   32.61 0.980
Montana 30.30   31.19 0.415 15.46   15.59 0.907 48.81   49.18 0.820 29.03   30.06 0.454
Nebraska 29.12   29.08 0.973 13.35   12.22 0.214 43.80   42.30 0.370 28.45   28.80 0.806
Nevada 29.75   28.50 0.340 11.75   11.98 0.825 40.22   40.45 0.888 30.54   28.85 0.300
New Hampshire 26.80   28.12 0.224 12.34   12.51 0.842 42.80   45.08 0.199 26.18   27.42 0.352
New Jersey 25.65   24.82 0.486 9.67   9.81 0.885 37.10   38.33 0.452 25.92   24.60 0.366
New Mexico 26.82   26.69 0.905 13.08   12.80 0.773 43.90   42.52 0.416 25.56   25.61 0.971
New York 24.39   24.58 0.784 10.41   10.73 0.594 38.35   39.23 0.382 23.66   23.63 0.972
North Carolina 31.58   31.32 0.821 13.56b  11.95 0.074 43.99   43.64 0.829 31.87   31.73 0.927
North Dakota 30.15   30.39 0.831 14.64   13.46 0.275 49.55b  46.37 0.052 27.73   28.91 0.404
Ohio 33.88a  32.27 0.022 14.76   14.04 0.279 51.04   49.55 0.104 33.54a  31.75 0.045
Oklahoma 33.19   34.82 0.208 14.51   13.74 0.493 46.63   48.47 0.318 33.21   35.09 0.253
Oregon 29.90   30.08 0.864 14.38   14.86 0.639 42.37b  45.17 0.096 29.81   29.52 0.826
Pennsylvania 29.78   29.85 0.918 13.03b  11.94 0.061 44.29   44.57 0.749 29.47   29.58 0.900
Rhode Island 28.83a  26.30 0.016 12.58a  10.25 0.011 46.48a  41.54 0.006 27.54b  25.36 0.092
South Carolina 31.60   31.21 0.740 12.06   11.61 0.609 44.59   44.19 0.802 31.97   31.51 0.754
South Dakota 30.31   31.28 0.369 14.66   14.88 0.828 50.00   49.50 0.752 28.79   30.13 0.336
Tennessee 33.70   33.48 0.839 13.81   12.42 0.141 45.78   46.91 0.489 34.30   33.97 0.814
Texas 27.75   27.05 0.325 10.50   10.00 0.379 38.85   38.34 0.602 28.21   27.42 0.386
Utah 17.90   18.38 0.618 7.45   6.66 0.363 24.03   24.93 0.596 18.13   18.73 0.633
Vermont 28.91   27.60 0.273 14.68b  12.63 0.054 46.48   44.41 0.221 27.73   26.55 0.427
Virginia 27.09   27.53 0.669 11.75   11.67 0.928 40.38   41.60 0.465 26.78   27.09 0.808
Washington 26.92   26.90 0.988 12.61   11.81 0.369 40.67   41.62 0.576 26.51   26.38 0.920
West Virginia 36.73   38.38 0.207 16.65   16.86 0.856 53.43   54.24 0.642 36.52   38.41 0.237
Wisconsin 31.71   30.14 0.139 14.37   12.76 0.112 46.55   45.36 0.484 31.39   29.71 0.204
Wyoming 35.16   34.33 0.500 19.37   18.44 0.484 51.38   49.80 0.325 34.31   33.57 0.637

101011

Table C.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 24.08b  23.61 0.089 9.46a  8.99 0.007 35.93   35.76 0.629 23.97   23.39 0.123
Northeast 22.36   22.24 0.786 8.78   8.46 0.264 34.65b  35.74 0.065 21.99   21.63 0.517
Midwest 26.26b  25.66 0.100 10.95a  10.43 0.050 40.74   39.93 0.104 25.78   25.17 0.201
South 25.46b  24.82 0.065 9.95a  9.07 0.000 36.59   35.99 0.191 25.60   24.95 0.148
West 21.22   20.86 0.379 7.83   7.94 0.720 31.46   31.64 0.759 21.22   20.64 0.292
Alabama 27.18   26.75 0.682 11.31   10.31 0.230 38.47   38.13 0.827 27.33   26.92 0.754
Alaska 24.18   24.19 0.992 9.13   9.39 0.732 38.72   38.30 0.816 23.80   23.74 0.963
Arizona 23.94a  21.96 0.037 9.34   8.70 0.404 34.63   33.04 0.324 24.11b  21.85 0.061
Arkansas 31.10   30.30 0.484 13.12   12.03 0.252 43.74   42.80 0.585 31.36   30.59 0.595
California 19.35   19.29 0.918 6.63   7.02 0.369 28.54   29.52 0.268 19.44   19.05 0.629
Colorado 25.14a  22.34 0.004 9.89   9.65 0.767 42.12a  36.35 0.001 24.20a  21.55 0.031
Connecticut 21.86   21.49 0.706 8.86   8.64 0.779 36.95   36.50 0.786 21.15   20.72 0.722
Delaware 26.35   25.51 0.436 9.65   9.76 0.892 40.09   39.92 0.913 26.17   25.03 0.409
District of Columbia 27.01a  23.98 0.005 6.92   6.21 0.284 34.35a  30.13 0.006 27.34a  24.26 0.026
Florida 24.03a  22.66 0.048 9.13b  8.27 0.093 34.63a  32.63 0.030 24.15   22.76 0.112
Georgia 26.00   24.41 0.120 9.81   8.93 0.235 36.79   35.73 0.496 26.44   24.62 0.169
Hawaii 21.62   20.22 0.188 6.88   7.66 0.275 35.74   34.11 0.371 21.09   19.42 0.196
Idaho 21.66   23.09 0.134 8.81   8.97 0.842 33.15   35.07 0.242 21.48   23.00 0.215
Illinois 25.23   24.92 0.640 10.18   9.98 0.701 39.02   39.01 0.988 24.78   24.34 0.608
Indiana 27.56   26.79 0.461 11.97   10.84 0.186 42.25   41.04 0.427 27.16   26.48 0.616
Iowa 23.72   24.90 0.272 10.27   10.07 0.810 34.68   37.10 0.116 23.49   24.59 0.412
Kansas 25.29   24.99 0.770 11.01   10.74 0.751 42.17   39.71 0.150 24.06   24.14 0.949
Kentucky 32.19   31.97 0.863 14.47b  12.37 0.051 47.11b  44.27 0.088 32.04   32.42 0.805
Louisiana 26.51   26.50 0.989 9.48   8.35 0.124 35.56   35.97 0.787 27.12   27.16 0.981
Maine 26.35   25.62 0.522 10.91   9.65 0.120 42.77   42.49 0.863 25.81   25.02 0.574
Maryland 21.47   20.12 0.168 7.82   7.43 0.586 31.76   31.37 0.802 21.54   19.84 0.163
Massachusetts 19.91   21.05 0.236 7.81   7.56 0.710 31.38a  34.59 0.046 19.37   20.22 0.488
Michigan 25.47   26.17 0.313 10.34   10.35 0.992 39.70   39.82 0.897 25.11   25.93 0.355
Minnesota 25.18b  23.47 0.081 11.10b  9.71 0.077 43.11   40.85 0.173 23.89   22.22 0.184
Mississippi 25.29   26.35 0.314 9.08   9.57 0.551 35.45   36.58 0.441 25.76   26.83 0.425
Missouri 27.23   26.38 0.422 11.30   10.92 0.664 39.85   39.53 0.837 27.20   26.17 0.445
Montana 23.30   24.69 0.184 10.84   11.21 0.689 38.25   39.53 0.408 22.34   23.83 0.252
Nebraska 24.67   24.29 0.712 10.46   9.33 0.128 37.54   36.02 0.345 24.14   24.04 0.940
Nevada 26.63b  24.55 0.080 9.95   9.46 0.537 35.01   33.91 0.489 27.56b  25.09 0.099
New Hampshire 22.34   23.30 0.339 9.38   10.10 0.333 36.67   39.23 0.117 21.79   22.46 0.586
New Jersey 22.35   21.01 0.220 7.29   7.63 0.586 33.48   35.12 0.311 22.55   20.49 0.131
New Mexico 22.65   22.70 0.962 10.53   10.00 0.554 38.22   36.07 0.196 21.44   21.91 0.718
New York 21.27   21.32 0.941 8.30   8.17 0.798 33.33   34.39 0.255 20.75   20.58 0.838
North Carolina 26.57   26.44 0.905 10.94a  9.07 0.017 38.89   38.05 0.604 26.56   26.71 0.914
North Dakota 25.08   24.62 0.670 11.49   10.36 0.204 40.36a  36.37 0.010 23.36   23.76 0.771
Ohio 28.14a  26.70 0.039 11.35   10.91 0.401 43.24   41.88 0.161 27.84b  26.22 0.070
Oklahoma 27.34   28.22 0.457 12.11   11.28 0.402 40.39   41.11 0.681 26.98   28.09 0.461
Oregon 24.38   24.98 0.566 9.46   10.27 0.304 34.43b  37.49 0.059 24.60   24.75 0.905
Pennsylvania 24.83   24.85 0.976 10.61b  9.64 0.063 37.13   37.79 0.454 24.57   24.55 0.983
Rhode Island 24.69a  22.52 0.035 9.81a  7.91 0.015 39.72a  35.28 0.012 23.73   21.88 0.153
South Carolina 27.26   26.86 0.716 10.03   9.38 0.390 39.32   37.63 0.326 27.49   27.26 0.868
South Dakota 24.55   24.99 0.662 11.61   11.37 0.779 40.49   39.86 0.702 23.36   24.07 0.572
Tennessee 28.34   28.28 0.959 11.12b  9.67 0.071 38.68   39.52 0.596 28.87   28.81 0.967
Texas 23.41   22.52 0.144 8.80   8.15 0.203 33.81   33.67 0.877 23.61   22.52 0.171
Utah 15.34   16.35 0.250 5.77   5.33 0.522 21.67   22.37 0.650 15.38   16.73 0.251
Vermont 22.49   22.27 0.838 10.40a  8.67 0.029 38.73   38.02 0.654 21.28   21.23 0.974
Virginia 23.24   23.29 0.964 10.02   9.51 0.503 35.40   35.74 0.830 22.85   22.86 0.994
Washington 22.65   22.89 0.804 9.38   8.89 0.458 34.68   35.56 0.563 22.39   22.56 0.886
West Virginia 29.08   30.72 0.191 12.94   13.10 0.868 45.90   47.04 0.510 28.42   30.25 0.230
Wisconsin 27.40   25.73 0.108 11.73   10.54 0.173 42.45   40.37 0.203 26.84   25.14 0.196
Wyoming 27.29   26.50 0.490 12.94   12.52 0.655 41.74b  39.22 0.100 26.56   25.99 0.691

101011

Table C.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 73.72a  72.32 0.000 69.26a  67.74 0.000 69.80a  66.89 0.000 74.98a  73.85 0.001
Northeast 76.60a  74.71 0.000 72.02a  70.84 0.029 72.84a  69.85 0.000 77.80a  76.00 0.001
Midwest 70.77a  68.84 0.000 67.91a  66.56 0.003 66.04a  63.19 0.000 71.97a  70.11 0.000
South 72.81a  71.95 0.020 67.76a  66.18 0.000 69.06a  66.16 0.000 74.10   73.66 0.329
West 75.67a  74.31 0.003 70.75a  68.93 0.001 72.10a  69.11 0.000 77.00b  75.98 0.070
Alabama 68.45   68.16 0.811 63.30   61.79 0.340 65.90a  62.01 0.017 69.55   70.01 0.763
Alaska 71.69   70.83 0.450 71.10   69.17 0.187 66.62b  63.86 0.092 72.74   72.39 0.815
Arizona 74.81a  72.42 0.041 71.28a  66.41 0.003 69.47a  65.73 0.018 76.19   74.35 0.207
Arkansas 69.58   68.23 0.248 66.00   64.77 0.421 66.64a  62.45 0.010 70.52   69.61 0.532
California 76.94b  75.79 0.089 71.00b  69.44 0.080 73.85a  71.47 0.011 78.37   77.51 0.309
Colorado 75.09   73.82 0.261 69.50   68.32 0.410 69.46   67.14 0.123 76.73   75.61 0.430
Connecticut 77.43a  74.28 0.005 71.81   70.44 0.352 73.37a  69.10 0.005 78.80a  75.58 0.023
Delaware 75.51   74.39 0.342 72.42   70.32 0.124 71.85b  69.22 0.058 76.51   75.75 0.612
District of Columbia 78.85   77.48 0.165 67.49   67.84 0.820 76.12a  72.17 0.009 80.56   79.58 0.423
Florida 75.36   75.38 0.984 70.36a  68.56 0.050 70.44   69.66 0.415 76.65   76.97 0.701
Georgia 72.51   72.77 0.809 68.68   68.11 0.692 69.14   68.28 0.554 73.61   74.18 0.687
Hawaii 73.48   73.88 0.749 72.85b  70.22 0.096 70.93   68.55 0.139 73.96   75.15 0.439
Idaho 74.66a  69.75 0.000 70.92a  67.69 0.037 70.84a  64.40 0.000 75.88a  70.99 0.001
Illinois 73.88a  70.55 0.000 69.16a  66.93 0.013 69.53a  65.47 0.000 75.30a  71.95 0.000
Indiana 70.14a  67.53 0.024 68.51b  66.10 0.099 67.32a  62.33 0.001 70.84   68.60 0.126
Iowa 69.12a  65.37 0.001 67.37a  64.07 0.022 63.91a  58.23 0.000 70.27a  66.80 0.016
Kansas 69.82   68.12 0.166 65.61a  62.38 0.049 63.19   62.96 0.900 71.65   69.85 0.245
Kentucky 64.95a  62.09 0.030 64.32   63.93 0.810 58.87a  53.74 0.001 65.98b  63.17 0.087
Louisiana 73.29   72.50 0.466 67.24   66.79 0.765 70.37a  67.03 0.021 74.70   74.34 0.793
Maine 72.04   70.33 0.151 69.50   68.72 0.589 65.41b  62.89 0.096 73.26   71.54 0.238
Maryland 73.58   74.82 0.304 69.24   68.79 0.757 68.91   68.84 0.964 74.93   76.60 0.269
Massachusetts 73.40   73.07 0.771 69.69   70.38 0.645 71.61b  68.89 0.057 74.16   74.13 0.981
Michigan 71.19a  69.00 0.003 66.33   64.97 0.138 65.76a  63.42 0.011 72.77a  70.48 0.014
Minnesota 71.70a  69.20 0.039 69.40   68.13 0.392 65.89a  62.61 0.032 73.00b  70.46 0.094
Mississippi 71.14   69.92 0.308 66.15b  63.12 0.052 67.13a  63.79 0.032 72.61   72.01 0.694
Missouri 69.41   68.56 0.483 66.91   67.33 0.775 64.71b  61.91 0.078 70.51   69.81 0.644
Montana 72.80a  69.12 0.001 67.86   66.09 0.223 68.24a  62.17 0.000 74.20a  70.64 0.014
Nebraska 70.98b  68.89 0.080 67.30   65.57 0.245 65.30a  61.22 0.009 72.54   70.78 0.244
Nevada 73.25   72.72 0.673 70.62a  67.44 0.039 69.40   69.00 0.811 74.15   73.95 0.895
New Hampshire 74.56a  71.79 0.014 66.44   65.14 0.381 68.24b  65.72 0.098 76.54a  73.52 0.033
New Jersey 77.19a  74.48 0.015 73.69a  70.68 0.040 72.86b  69.84 0.051 78.30b  75.67 0.059
New Mexico 76.18   75.06 0.316 69.23a  66.12 0.045 73.15a  68.51 0.003 77.68   77.44 0.863
New York 79.61a  77.85 0.016 73.38   72.74 0.468 75.80a  72.80 0.001 81.07b  79.39 0.066
North Carolina 74.65a  71.75 0.015 71.07   69.68 0.331 70.19a  66.31 0.008 75.82b  72.89 0.051
North Dakota 69.80b  67.73 0.085 69.58a  65.92 0.014 66.77   65.79 0.536 70.53   68.39 0.166
Ohio 69.86   69.52 0.638 68.85   67.71 0.184 65.02a  63.16 0.049 70.79   70.79 1.000
Oklahoma 70.30   68.60 0.176 64.63b  61.85 0.095 67.18b  64.17 0.084 71.63   70.29 0.401
Oregon 72.73   71.66 0.356 68.02   66.95 0.481 68.81a  63.06 0.000 73.89   73.54 0.805
Pennsylvania 73.66a  71.97 0.020 70.64   69.40 0.128 69.54a  66.93 0.006 74.71b  73.11 0.076
Rhode Island 75.80a  71.90 0.001 73.26a  69.18 0.006 73.73a  68.62 0.001 76.50a  72.84 0.014
South Carolina 72.11   71.49 0.601 66.67   65.70 0.515 67.72   65.04 0.107 73.52   73.27 0.861
South Dakota 69.94   68.12 0.148 68.10   68.13 0.984 66.67   65.31 0.391 70.79   68.62 0.172
Tennessee 70.94a  67.13 0.002 64.81   63.06 0.244 66.91a  61.76 0.002 72.31a  68.45 0.011
Texas 73.43   73.23 0.776 66.76a  64.27 0.007 71.13a  67.59 0.000 74.85   75.59 0.419
Utah 77.27   75.66 0.116 77.00   75.34 0.249 73.44b  70.56 0.057 78.30   76.99 0.336
Vermont 77.49a  74.99 0.033 73.43a  69.50 0.010 71.95a  67.30 0.004 78.87   76.86 0.166
Virginia 74.27   72.94 0.230 69.73   69.20 0.724 69.41a  65.23 0.007 75.66   74.71 0.491
Washington 73.70   72.36 0.217 68.76   68.84 0.958 69.69a  65.43 0.003 74.96   73.91 0.435
West Virginia 68.79a  65.91 0.028 66.79a  62.92 0.009 64.11a  59.46 0.004 69.69   67.16 0.118
Wisconsin 67.67   67.20 0.705 66.40   68.12 0.216 63.14   63.02 0.935 68.60   67.80 0.604
Wyoming 71.30   70.06 0.293 70.51   69.12 0.323 66.13a  62.63 0.029 72.32   71.50 0.575

101011

Table C.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 7.43   7.37 0.641 5.14a  4.73 0.002 17.02   16.61 0.180 6.08   6.12 0.801
Northeast 7.08   7.23 0.397 4.82   4.58 0.236 17.28   17.29 0.979 5.66   5.86 0.375
Midwest 8.16a  7.84 0.044 5.72a  5.13 0.002 19.00a  18.22 0.043 6.61   6.40 0.288
South 6.92   6.86 0.688 4.56a  4.13 0.007 15.36   15.04 0.398 5.80   5.82 0.920
West 7.81   7.86 0.807 5.71   5.40 0.197 17.46   16.97 0.298 6.35   6.54 0.491
Alabama 6.27   6.39 0.784 4.52   4.16 0.439 13.07   13.56 0.611 5.34   5.45 0.829
Alaska 7.73   8.11 0.440 5.58   5.39 0.745 17.36   16.98 0.756 6.25   6.85 0.343
Arizona 7.91   7.74 0.697 6.06   5.45 0.286 17.51   18.20 0.555 6.54   6.27 0.629
Arkansas 6.94   6.74 0.613 5.30   4.90 0.432 16.38   15.53 0.442 5.61   5.54 0.879
California 7.63   7.87 0.452 5.59   5.30 0.439 16.81   16.39 0.539 6.18   6.60 0.311
Colorado 9.15   9.03 0.819 6.91   6.38 0.439 22.54   21.14 0.291 7.19   7.33 0.839
Connecticut 8.16   8.63 0.390 6.24   5.95 0.661 19.31   20.03 0.578 6.66   7.16 0.441
Delaware 7.27   7.90 0.218 4.72   4.90 0.745 17.51   19.03 0.191 5.89   6.41 0.400
District of Columbia 9.52   9.24 0.631 3.29   3.01 0.494 18.91   16.98 0.119 8.05   8.09 0.952
Florida 7.18   6.92 0.436 4.80   4.33 0.171 15.33   14.55 0.240 6.24   6.07 0.667
Georgia 6.38   6.70 0.477 3.83   3.39 0.288 13.58   14.95 0.206 5.51   5.76 0.654
Hawaii 8.29   7.60 0.281 5.65   5.78 0.866 17.65   16.44 0.417 7.11   6.39 0.339
Idaho 7.12   7.10 0.958 5.63   5.15 0.379 16.87   16.23 0.575 5.61   5.77 0.723
Illinois 8.24a  7.58 0.041 5.17a  4.34 0.018 18.65   17.60 0.153 6.79   6.20 0.135
Indiana 6.94   6.99 0.893 5.21   4.99 0.666 16.49   16.92 0.669 5.55   5.58 0.943
Iowa 8.28   8.63 0.495 6.27   6.66 0.521 18.48   19.71 0.318 6.72   6.92 0.743
Kansas 8.28   8.05 0.612 6.04   5.68 0.545 20.28   19.42 0.495 6.33   6.24 0.871
Kentucky 5.66   5.95 0.465 4.04   3.80 0.611 13.17   14.12 0.369 4.68   4.94 0.591
Louisiana 7.10   7.01 0.830 4.07   3.64 0.316 14.35   14.88 0.605 6.12   5.96 0.761
Maine 6.90   6.69 0.661 5.10a  4.05 0.031 17.90   17.48 0.737 5.56   5.48 0.879
Maryland 7.37b  6.52 0.074 4.49a  3.38 0.014 16.33a  13.93 0.031 6.25   5.67 0.309
Massachusetts 8.17   7.41 0.138 5.31   4.73 0.275 19.20   18.81 0.753 6.59   5.71 0.141
Michigan 7.72   7.63 0.785 5.42   4.88 0.123 17.53   16.74 0.287 6.37   6.45 0.848
Minnesota 9.99   9.21 0.158 6.77b  5.76 0.092 23.43b  21.10 0.063 8.08   7.61 0.489
Mississippi 6.25   6.20 0.902 3.83   3.63 0.630 14.04   13.06 0.304 5.16   5.30 0.764
Missouri 7.70   7.61 0.838 5.73   5.15 0.273 18.37   17.60 0.473 6.19   6.27 0.876
Montana 9.16   9.86 0.209 7.09   8.23 0.107 23.55   24.71 0.418 6.98   7.57 0.381
Nebraska 8.58   8.45 0.782 6.40   5.66 0.227 19.46   18.99 0.698 6.82   6.82 0.994
Nevada 7.91   7.58 0.464 6.02   5.46 0.314 17.57   16.78 0.483 6.73   6.49 0.658
New Hampshire 7.72   7.51 0.645 5.61   5.12 0.348 20.38   19.27 0.381 6.06   6.00 0.916
New Jersey 6.75   6.57 0.663 4.40   3.70 0.134 16.72   15.79 0.403 5.53   5.50 0.953
New Mexico 7.90   8.68 0.120 5.92   6.67 0.259 18.97   18.81 0.899 6.14   7.07 0.120
New York 7.06a  7.88 0.007 4.76   5.27 0.157 17.00   18.09 0.150 5.58a  6.36 0.038
North Carolina 6.85   6.23 0.146 4.23a  3.38 0.026 16.14   14.56 0.152 5.68   5.24 0.386
North Dakota 9.31b  8.39 0.057 6.91a  5.28 0.005 22.14   20.58 0.230 6.71   6.06 0.251
Ohio 7.95   7.63 0.316 5.57   5.15 0.251 18.10   17.80 0.683 6.58   6.27 0.421
Oklahoma 6.99   7.59 0.178 4.73   4.98 0.637 16.88   16.84 0.968 5.48   6.25 0.151
Oregon 7.74   8.50 0.121 5.82   6.33 0.379 17.86   18.65 0.510 6.40   7.18 0.183
Pennsylvania 6.33   6.11 0.432 4.36a  3.61 0.011 15.95   14.88 0.130 5.00   4.97 0.939
Rhode Island 7.75   8.24 0.317 5.30   4.86 0.367 17.88   18.05 0.888 6.17   6.81 0.277
South Carolina 7.39   7.89 0.369 4.44   4.00 0.359 15.82   16.28 0.685 6.39   6.99 0.361
South Dakota 9.05   9.79 0.154 6.43   6.76 0.623 22.55   23.48 0.492 6.93   7.71 0.222
Tennessee 6.74   6.09 0.120 4.44a  3.27 0.011 15.88b  13.95 0.076 5.63   5.22 0.421
Texas 6.88   6.95 0.810 4.87   4.62 0.476 14.83   14.68 0.825 5.68   5.84 0.642
Utah 6.43   6.00 0.315 4.12b  3.30 0.089 12.65   12.15 0.623 5.23   4.92 0.554
Vermont 7.50   7.83 0.534 5.49   4.93 0.290 19.42   20.05 0.609 5.80   6.16 0.544
Virginia 7.78   8.05 0.579 5.16   5.07 0.850 18.96   19.45 0.686 6.23   6.48 0.672
Washington 7.99a  7.08 0.026 5.47   4.73 0.160 18.44a  16.18 0.029 6.63   5.90 0.142
West Virginia 6.35   6.53 0.663 4.64   4.44 0.673 16.21   15.30 0.421 5.11   5.48 0.424
Wisconsin 8.86   8.09 0.102 6.56b  5.43 0.065 21.95b  19.67 0.065 6.93   6.46 0.404
Wyoming 8.81   8.49 0.543 7.36   6.88 0.511 19.50   19.45 0.972 7.10   6.75 0.583

101011

Table C.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 3.46   3.52 0.486 2.04   1.91 0.171 7.23b  6.90 0.055 2.99   3.14 0.199
Northeast 3.37   3.47 0.404 1.93   1.94 0.962 7.26   7.33 0.813 2.90   3.01 0.482
Midwest 3.54   3.51 0.792 2.13   1.97 0.143 7.53   7.51 0.941 3.04   3.03 0.915
South 3.35   3.41 0.569 1.92b  1.72 0.055 6.69b  6.32 0.076 2.97   3.13 0.230
West 3.62   3.74 0.431 2.21   2.13 0.654 7.75a  6.89 0.007 3.07b  3.38 0.093
Alabama 3.09   3.14 0.849 1.98   1.75 0.432 5.81   6.23 0.489 2.78   2.79 0.955
Alaska 3.78   3.86 0.810 2.10   1.81 0.333 7.65   6.78 0.203 3.32   3.61 0.452
Arizona 3.46   3.52 0.823 2.33   2.05 0.420 7.30   7.40 0.895 2.97   3.06 0.781
Arkansas 3.50   3.22 0.286 1.98   1.74 0.430 7.78b  6.59 0.091 3.00   2.86 0.658
California 3.65   3.82 0.426 2.19   2.17 0.943 7.79a  6.56 0.010 3.07   3.53 0.101
Colorado 3.74   3.69 0.853 2.30   1.93 0.242 8.70a  6.89 0.015 3.09   3.37 0.440
Connecticut 3.50   3.48 0.953 2.14   2.08 0.878 7.81   7.24 0.419 2.99   3.06 0.840
Delaware 3.32   3.45 0.650 1.95   1.74 0.453 6.77   6.60 0.786 2.92   3.13 0.538
District of Columbia 4.91   4.62 0.495 1.28   1.23 0.863 9.33b  7.76 0.051 4.28   4.23 0.929
Florida 3.48   3.58 0.656 2.02   1.74 0.222 6.74   6.13 0.157 3.16   3.41 0.390
Georgia 3.30   3.52 0.470 1.78   1.46 0.225 5.87   6.17 0.636 3.08   3.36 0.470
Hawaii 3.50   3.26 0.442 1.78   2.05 0.500 7.83   7.05 0.363 3.02   2.79 0.556
Idaho 3.15   3.22 0.751 2.23   2.11 0.705 6.89   6.95 0.920 2.61   2.72 0.707
Illinois 3.71   3.66 0.817 1.97   1.69 0.169 8.05   7.92 0.788 3.16   3.15 0.956
Indiana 3.33   3.33 0.991 2.10   2.20 0.755 7.37   7.62 0.712 2.82   2.76 0.863
Iowa 3.45   3.41 0.870 2.39   2.41 0.947 6.66   6.94 0.681 3.01   2.91 0.750
Kansas 3.70   3.40 0.249 2.19   1.99 0.511 8.15   6.99 0.116 3.06   2.91 0.645
Kentucky 3.10   2.97 0.641 1.96   1.72 0.430 6.73   5.90 0.197 2.66   2.67 0.996
Louisiana 3.53   3.53 0.989 1.73   1.50 0.329 6.25   6.28 0.965 3.25   3.28 0.927
Maine 3.33   3.20 0.654 2.01   1.67 0.225 7.86   6.75 0.131 2.84   2.88 0.919
Maryland 3.57   3.50 0.808 1.75   1.62 0.621 7.46b  6.17 0.057 3.16   3.28 0.750
Massachusetts 3.50   3.62 0.668 2.05   2.04 0.969 7.68   7.92 0.737 2.95   3.04 0.794
Michigan 3.38   3.42 0.822 2.01   1.95 0.767 6.89   6.82 0.862 2.97   3.04 0.777
Minnesota 3.94   4.18 0.465 2.36   2.03 0.324 7.54   7.78 0.748 3.52   3.83 0.441
Mississippi 3.31   3.33 0.921 1.63   1.58 0.844 7.07   6.17 0.158 2.86   3.06 0.535
Missouri 3.16   3.26 0.712 2.09   1.90 0.482 6.51   6.58 0.910 2.74   2.89 0.664
Montana 4.18   4.06 0.691 2.15   2.65 0.193 11.23   10.78 0.663 3.25   3.10 0.708
Nebraska 3.43   3.52 0.722 2.29   2.09 0.513 7.71   7.33 0.597 2.78   2.99 0.504
Nevada 3.45   3.60 0.586 2.35   2.22 0.704 6.49   6.82 0.633 3.14   3.30 0.654
New Hampshire 3.44   3.45 0.963 2.30   2.40 0.754 7.87   8.31 0.569 2.91   2.84 0.833
New Jersey 3.02   3.06 0.875 1.93   1.71 0.450 5.62   5.95 0.606 2.76   2.78 0.948
New Mexico 3.75   4.21 0.169 2.36   2.46 0.793 8.91   8.45 0.576 2.99   3.67 0.101
New York 3.62   3.88 0.244 1.97   2.25 0.212 7.78   8.42 0.229 3.09   3.27 0.519
North Carolina 3.43   3.48 0.862 1.71   1.49 0.375 6.94   6.48 0.491 3.08   3.24 0.667
North Dakota 3.62   3.35 0.334 2.47   2.12 0.311 8.07   7.61 0.545 2.76   2.55 0.545
Ohio 3.54   3.35 0.335 2.08   1.92 0.430 7.70   7.78 0.881 3.04   2.81 0.346
Oklahoma 3.45   3.29 0.539 2.06   1.90 0.573 7.56   7.35 0.770 2.89   2.74 0.647
Oregon 3.56b  4.24 0.058 2.06   2.24 0.576 7.43   7.79 0.610 3.14b  3.92 0.074
Pennsylvania 3.05   2.98 0.742 1.69   1.51 0.327 6.94a  5.99 0.038 2.58   2.67 0.725
Rhode Island 3.75   4.23 0.183 1.99   1.78 0.523 6.96   7.65 0.369 3.38   3.89 0.264
South Carolina 3.61   4.07 0.225 1.99   1.56 0.147 6.47   6.40 0.920 3.36   4.00 0.163
South Dakota 3.58   3.72 0.634 2.00   2.21 0.537 8.98   9.19 0.792 2.80   2.93 0.728
Tennessee 3.25   3.26 0.975 1.89   1.64 0.344 6.95   6.52 0.508 2.86   2.96 0.758
Texas 3.08   3.14 0.744 2.02   1.90 0.600 6.22   5.79 0.283 2.65   2.83 0.457
Utah 3.39   3.21 0.432 1.91   1.78 0.671 6.48   5.78 0.249 2.86   2.81 0.856
Vermont 3.77   3.82 0.882 2.28   1.95 0.296 7.91   7.49 0.562 3.27   3.44 0.707
Virginia 3.53   3.64 0.691 2.08   1.91 0.532 7.67   7.85 0.790 3.02   3.13 0.727
Washington 3.74   3.49 0.328 2.31   2.06 0.441 7.88   7.37 0.476 3.26   3.04 0.490
West Virginia 3.25   3.32 0.808 2.08   2.04 0.907 7.28   6.62 0.332 2.79   2.98 0.585
Wisconsin 3.73   3.64 0.764 2.45   2.14 0.360 8.08   8.21 0.865 3.15   3.05 0.787
Wyoming 3.45   3.48 0.897 2.71   2.51 0.579 6.70b  7.95 0.092 2.96   2.81 0.665

101011

Table C.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.78   2.81 0.668 4.47   4.46 0.915 7.85   7.72 0.457 1.69   1.75 0.423
Northeast 2.79b  2.96 0.078 4.15   4.26 0.585 8.63   8.78 0.644 1.64   1.82 0.124
Midwest 2.67   2.64 0.643 4.64   4.56 0.630 7.46   7.27 0.420 1.59   1.59 0.980
South 2.81   2.75 0.545 4.31   4.20 0.492 7.59   7.26 0.140 1.80   1.81 0.961
West 2.84   2.94 0.319 4.81   4.91 0.667 8.00   8.00 0.993 1.64   1.76 0.320
Alabama 3.07   2.76 0.174 4.18   4.22 0.932 7.88   7.21 0.334 2.11   1.82 0.295
Alaska 2.93   2.96 0.896 4.81   4.37 0.384 7.88   7.62 0.744 1.71   1.87 0.468
Arizona 3.13   2.98 0.528 4.72   4.51 0.686 8.79   8.54 0.756 1.95   1.84 0.674
Arkansas 2.94   2.86 0.724 4.70   4.66 0.938 7.71   7.16 0.448 1.93   1.93 0.992
California 2.66b  2.94 0.056 4.64   4.99 0.351 7.64   7.80 0.744 1.43b  1.72 0.097
Colorado 3.39b  2.96 0.064 5.39   5.62 0.711 9.61   8.49 0.188 2.11   1.71 0.152
Connecticut 2.88   2.92 0.835 4.34   4.38 0.929 9.28   9.11 0.846 1.69   1.76 0.744
Delaware 3.06   2.87 0.426 4.62   4.66 0.944 9.14   8.76 0.660 1.85   1.68 0.500
District of Columbia 4.49   4.38 0.814 3.78   3.83 0.919 9.97   8.72 0.173 3.34   3.46 0.828
Florida 2.68   2.73 0.767 4.29   4.27 0.954 7.58   7.22 0.456 1.78   1.90 0.568
Georgia 3.03a  2.56 0.035 3.91   3.83 0.853 8.05   6.93 0.110 2.05   1.65 0.122
Hawaii 2.52   2.90 0.137 4.89   3.96 0.163 6.77   7.49 0.427 1.57   2.05 0.106
Idaho 2.78   3.02 0.243 5.05   5.09 0.932 7.63   7.74 0.876 1.59   1.89 0.191
Illinois 2.40b  2.62 0.093 4.20   4.48 0.405 6.61   7.08 0.316 1.41   1.57 0.283
Indiana 3.09   3.04 0.819 5.50   5.12 0.488 8.43   7.88 0.444 1.87   1.96 0.740
Iowa 1.69   1.89 0.188 3.60   4.10 0.325 4.90   5.37 0.441 0.87   1.00 0.401
Kansas 2.08   2.28 0.219 4.40   4.01 0.420 5.60   6.47 0.210 1.10   1.27 0.320
Kentucky 3.43   3.22 0.362 4.58   4.23 0.485 9.75   9.19 0.528 2.30   2.17 0.622
Louisiana 2.85   2.90 0.842 3.75   3.72 0.949 7.28   7.59 0.681 1.87   1.88 0.964
Maine 2.91   2.87 0.866 4.60   4.43 0.742 10.03   9.77 0.784 1.72   1.74 0.929
Maryland 2.78   2.81 0.917 3.82   3.87 0.911 7.57   7.62 0.950 1.85   1.86 0.969
Massachusetts 3.09   3.48 0.142 4.29   4.42 0.797 10.29   9.83 0.645 1.70b  2.24 0.070
Michigan 2.94   2.97 0.848 4.77   4.66 0.732 8.25   8.15 0.836 1.79   1.87 0.663
Minnesota 2.78a  2.37 0.021 4.69   4.31 0.414 8.04a  6.63 0.043 1.63   1.40 0.257
Mississippi 2.38   2.55 0.386 3.35   3.88 0.280 6.66   6.89 0.730 1.45   1.56 0.611
Missouri 2.78   2.50 0.134 4.75   4.37 0.430 7.96   7.37 0.411 1.66   1.47 0.360
Montana 2.87   2.71 0.372 4.56   4.49 0.887 8.82   8.01 0.319 1.65   1.61 0.822
Nebraska 2.10   2.06 0.797 4.34   4.49 0.766 5.81   5.41 0.509 1.11   1.11 0.994
Nevada 3.23   3.45 0.435 5.42   5.01 0.462 8.70   8.89 0.827 2.14   2.44 0.355
New Hampshire 2.97   3.37 0.133 5.08   5.30 0.703 8.81   10.01 0.236 1.82   2.12 0.318
New Jersey 2.36   2.51 0.394 4.19   4.11 0.857 7.34   7.26 0.918 1.37   1.57 0.291
New Mexico 3.38   3.07 0.241 5.89   5.97 0.902 9.14   8.39 0.430 1.98   1.71 0.362
New York 3.11   3.14 0.889 4.17   4.30 0.693 9.10   9.64 0.335 1.92   1.82 0.621
North Carolina 2.43   2.50 0.689 4.01   4.20 0.639 7.16   6.89 0.701 1.47   1.58 0.602
North Dakota 2.06   2.23 0.318 4.04   4.28 0.642 5.62   6.18 0.360 1.00   1.09 0.597
Ohio 3.02   2.79 0.126 5.04   4.63 0.210 8.65   7.95 0.165 1.83   1.71 0.518
Oklahoma 2.66b  3.06 0.064 4.30   4.74 0.436 6.86   7.48 0.418 1.67   2.04 0.143
Oregon 3.43   3.43 0.992 4.98   4.83 0.770 9.65   9.54 0.892 2.29   2.32 0.911
Pennsylvania 2.23a  2.59 0.017 3.73   4.01 0.361 7.04   7.17 0.771 1.26a  1.67 0.020
Rhode Island 4.41   4.15 0.499 4.93   4.79 0.801 12.50   10.83 0.178 2.85   2.82 0.942
South Carolina 3.11   3.00 0.676 4.57   4.05 0.229 7.95   7.00 0.173 2.13   2.21 0.807
South Dakota 2.26b  2.61 0.052 4.43   4.96 0.338 6.67   7.08 0.538 1.17b  1.50 0.085
Tennessee 2.86a  2.35 0.009 4.17   3.72 0.274 8.25a  6.28 0.004 1.87   1.58 0.194
Texas 2.71   2.75 0.764 4.78   4.44 0.346 6.85   7.05 0.653 1.61   1.69 0.640
Utah 3.02   2.95 0.715 5.02   4.55 0.378 7.02   7.42 0.600 1.65   1.56 0.631
Vermont 2.80   3.05 0.244 4.55   4.10 0.342 9.47   10.03 0.529 1.50   1.79 0.238
Virginia 2.85   2.78 0.753 4.44   4.34 0.840 8.38   7.76 0.454 1.71   1.75 0.879
Washington 2.52   2.48 0.794 4.68   4.48 0.700 7.50   7.71 0.789 1.45   1.39 0.735
West Virginia 2.84   3.18 0.144 4.32   4.07 0.596 8.06   8.48 0.594 1.92   2.32 0.145
Wisconsin 2.55   2.50 0.775 4.33   4.74 0.468 6.94   7.00 0.929 1.58   1.46 0.585
Wyoming 2.39   2.34 0.772 4.56   4.90 0.525 6.90   6.55 0.629 1.31   1.27 0.846

101011

Table C.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 1.92   1.94 0.700 2.43   2.45 0.832 5.53   5.50 0.815 1.23   1.26 0.652
Northeast 1.96a  2.19 0.010 2.34   2.48 0.303 6.03b  6.52 0.068 1.23b  1.42 0.074
Midwest 1.85   1.82 0.604 2.55   2.45 0.395 5.30   5.13 0.363 1.16   1.16 0.997
South 1.91   1.83 0.300 2.29   2.24 0.688 5.35   5.05 0.111 1.28   1.24 0.638
West 1.97   2.04 0.416 2.58   2.73 0.368 5.65   5.74 0.759 1.22   1.27 0.587
Alabama 1.91   1.94 0.873 2.31   2.27 0.911 5.31   5.31 0.999 1.29   1.32 0.841
Alaska 2.07   1.91 0.357 2.75   2.32 0.205 5.61   5.20 0.517 1.29   1.23 0.735
Arizona 1.98   2.07 0.590 2.51   2.54 0.919 5.84   6.39 0.376 1.25   1.27 0.918
Arkansas 2.02   2.03 0.922 2.55   2.52 0.932 5.32   5.11 0.722 1.41   1.47 0.754
California 1.92   2.05 0.318 2.42   2.70 0.246 5.67   5.70 0.960 1.14   1.25 0.426
Colorado 2.10   1.88 0.226 2.87   3.06 0.660 5.78   5.38 0.513 1.39   1.15 0.263
Connecticut 1.95   1.89 0.683 2.53   2.52 0.978 6.19   5.90 0.650 1.21   1.17 0.828
Delaware 2.09   2.01 0.628 2.46   2.43 0.938 6.15   6.42 0.683 1.37   1.22 0.447
District of Columbia 3.05   3.02 0.940 1.97   2.02 0.879 7.02   6.43 0.392 2.27   2.35 0.840
Florida 1.83   1.78 0.718 2.27   2.15 0.601 5.32   5.00 0.417 1.26   1.26 0.997
Georgia 2.03a  1.64 0.011 2.13   2.03 0.718 5.27b  4.35 0.059 1.47b  1.12 0.079
Hawaii 1.67   1.86 0.383 2.84   2.38 0.244 4.58   4.82 0.710 1.08   1.32 0.305
Idaho 1.89   2.17 0.104 3.00   3.17 0.662 5.28   5.39 0.856 1.13b  1.47 0.081
Illinois 1.72   1.75 0.840 2.41   2.13 0.269 4.78   4.91 0.729 1.08   1.12 0.762
Indiana 2.04   2.11 0.711 2.84   2.79 0.897 5.67   5.67 0.997 1.32   1.42 0.656
Iowa 1.32   1.25 0.588 2.16   2.34 0.612 3.88   3.43 0.316 0.76   0.73 0.833
Kansas 1.56   1.52 0.803 2.48   2.23 0.446 4.18   4.31 0.797 0.94   0.91 0.844
Kentucky 2.26   2.35 0.634 2.56   2.34 0.520 6.52   7.11 0.406 1.55   1.60 0.814
Louisiana 2.13   2.18 0.784 2.08   2.11 0.898 5.63   5.83 0.766 1.45   1.49 0.880
Maine 1.95   2.14 0.278 2.55   2.50 0.901 6.73   7.51 0.328 1.22   1.36 0.466
Maryland 1.95   1.98 0.866 1.96   2.10 0.581 5.12   5.51 0.552 1.42   1.37 0.839
Massachusetts 2.14b  2.51 0.081 2.54   2.65 0.768 6.68   6.96 0.718 1.31b  1.70 0.096
Michigan 1.99   2.05 0.635 2.72   2.68 0.878 5.65   5.85 0.630 1.27   1.32 0.728
Minnesota 1.84a  1.54 0.020 2.71   2.24 0.144 5.56a  4.48 0.026 1.08   0.95 0.362
Mississippi 1.69   1.72 0.862 1.98   2.15 0.528 4.67   4.77 0.854 1.10   1.09 0.966
Missouri 1.89   1.84 0.701 2.68   2.61 0.822 5.50   5.52 0.964 1.20   1.13 0.709
Montana 1.91   1.88 0.833 2.40   2.38 0.952 5.63   5.40 0.676 1.22   1.23 0.961
Nebraska 1.58   1.42 0.296 2.49   2.63 0.704 4.34   3.62 0.121 0.94   0.85 0.584
Nevada 1.94   2.11 0.350 2.81   2.98 0.640 5.83   5.86 0.964 1.25   1.44 0.365
New Hampshire 2.14   2.48 0.138 2.90   3.20 0.451 6.19   7.00 0.268 1.43   1.70 0.299
New Jersey 1.63a  1.94 0.038 2.28   2.43 0.568 4.95   5.66 0.221 1.04   1.31 0.124
New Mexico 2.26   2.09 0.410 3.38   3.14 0.625 6.18   6.01 0.804 1.39   1.23 0.514
New York 2.23   2.37 0.317 2.27   2.51 0.277 6.66   7.32 0.156 1.44   1.46 0.884
North Carolina 1.75   1.65 0.460 2.33   2.33 0.984 5.20   4.80 0.440 1.12   1.06 0.682
North Dakota 1.42   1.46 0.755 2.22   2.32 0.772 3.92   4.08 0.736 0.75   0.77 0.881
Ohio 2.04   2.03 0.927 2.48   2.38 0.667 6.20   5.81 0.343 1.29   1.36 0.618
Oklahoma 1.84   1.93 0.587 2.43   2.67 0.483 5.00   4.84 0.774 1.18   1.31 0.532
Oregon 2.48   2.65 0.498 2.89   2.95 0.868 6.79   7.25 0.562 1.77   1.90 0.640
Pennsylvania 1.57a  1.90 0.010 2.21   2.26 0.808 4.97   5.36 0.305 0.93a  1.29 0.018
Rhode Island 3.03   3.00 0.918 2.85   2.72 0.753 8.37   7.87 0.606 2.06   2.12 0.856
South Carolina 1.81   1.80 0.975 2.15   1.94 0.456 5.04   4.76 0.592 1.24   1.30 0.755
South Dakota 1.50   1.62 0.396 2.24   2.38 0.658 4.66   4.65 0.976 0.83   0.97 0.350
Tennessee 1.96a  1.46 0.001 2.32   2.07 0.368 5.88a  4.06 0.001 1.31b  0.99 0.054
Texas 1.84   1.81 0.834 2.35   2.32 0.868 5.05   4.99 0.873 1.15   1.14 0.939
Utah 1.96   1.79 0.240 2.49   2.30 0.595 4.96   4.72 0.675 1.10   0.97 0.387
Vermont 1.85   2.08 0.157 2.31   2.26 0.868 6.13   6.75 0.362 1.09   1.30 0.271
Virginia 1.94   1.82 0.448 2.41   2.45 0.904 5.85   4.93 0.104 1.22   1.21 0.968
Washington 1.82   1.86 0.793 2.84   2.76 0.832 5.13   5.73 0.356 1.16   1.13 0.879
West Virginia 2.13   2.43 0.135 2.57   2.47 0.768 6.22   6.64 0.537 1.49   1.82 0.170
Wisconsin 1.88   1.67 0.249 2.46   2.66 0.566 5.23   4.75 0.357 1.24   1.03 0.322
Wyoming 1.63   1.45 0.229 2.65   2.78 0.754 4.66   4.02 0.199 0.96   0.83 0.450

101011

Table C.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 8.95   8.92 0.835 7.65a  7.33 0.042 20.73   20.36 0.208 7.10   7.15 0.738
Northeast 8.65   8.90 0.205 7.19   7.20 0.986 21.43   21.58 0.768 6.69   6.97 0.270
Midwest 9.57a  9.21 0.039 8.20a  7.63 0.010 22.37a  21.48 0.023 7.54   7.30 0.284
South 8.50   8.44 0.686 7.07a  6.62 0.028 19.14   18.80 0.395 6.90   6.92 0.924
West 9.30   9.43 0.561 8.37   8.25 0.707 21.06   20.74 0.534 7.30   7.54 0.430
Alabama 7.87   8.10 0.608 7.05   6.94 0.849 16.67   17.50 0.436 6.48   6.66 0.749
Alaska 9.37   9.52 0.770 8.26   7.31 0.142 21.41   20.33 0.442 7.29   7.82 0.391
Arizona 9.56   9.23 0.506 8.78   7.91 0.206 21.80   22.30 0.707 7.59   7.19 0.511
Arkansas 8.63   8.26 0.393 7.86   7.57 0.654 20.13   19.02 0.355 6.85   6.60 0.633
California 8.95   9.48 0.121 8.08   8.17 0.851 20.33   20.20 0.859 6.92   7.61 0.117
Colorado 10.94   10.45 0.389 9.66   9.83 0.848 26.09   24.59 0.281 8.57   8.17 0.562
Connecticut 9.43   9.80 0.498 8.41   7.82 0.402 23.02   23.67 0.641 7.42   7.85 0.515
Delaware 9.10   9.61 0.331 7.08   7.68 0.360 22.71   23.62 0.504 7.10   7.52 0.491
District of Columbia 11.63   11.33 0.655 5.55   5.49 0.922 23.78b  21.25 0.068 9.53   9.65 0.879
Florida 8.64   8.49 0.655 7.32   6.97 0.413 18.75   17.99 0.282 7.31   7.25 0.897
Georgia 8.39   8.55 0.732 6.47   5.83 0.238 18.61   20.11 0.247 6.91   6.96 0.940
Hawaii 9.65   8.99 0.321 8.75   8.07 0.497 20.41   19.76 0.672 8.05   7.38 0.388
Idaho 8.59   8.83 0.587 8.28   8.15 0.846 20.32   19.84 0.691 6.55   6.98 0.413
Illinois 9.45   9.04 0.237 7.44   7.07 0.414 21.78   21.00 0.340 7.51   7.14 0.382
Indiana 8.54   8.47 0.889 8.13   7.71 0.533 20.19   20.04 0.903 6.61   6.63 0.983
Iowa 9.09   9.27 0.717 8.10   8.23 0.846 20.38   21.32 0.426 7.21   7.28 0.911
Kansas 9.44   9.04 0.387 8.18   7.66 0.432 22.31   21.08 0.330 7.19   6.98 0.717
Kentucky 7.93   7.92 0.991 6.92   6.19 0.202 18.67   19.14 0.684 6.37   6.38 0.982
Louisiana 8.57   8.71 0.768 6.04   5.70 0.509 17.59   19.31 0.155 7.17   7.08 0.863
Maine 8.65   8.35 0.535 7.92   6.89 0.123 22.46   21.69 0.570 6.80   6.66 0.795
Maryland 8.91   8.12 0.110 6.85   5.89 0.105 19.02   17.33 0.170 7.49   6.84 0.288
Massachusetts 9.98   9.66 0.566 7.81   7.49 0.640 24.29   23.89 0.772 7.76   7.39 0.583
Michigan 9.45   9.38 0.832 8.34   7.76 0.202 21.66   20.72 0.209 7.53   7.66 0.763
Minnesota 10.91   10.15 0.151 8.88b  7.71 0.092 25.76b  23.33 0.051 8.60   8.21 0.548
Mississippi 7.53   7.51 0.966 5.69   5.89 0.725 17.85   16.45 0.204 5.89   6.10 0.703
Missouri 9.40   8.95 0.334 8.01   7.27 0.236 23.03   21.20 0.133 7.33   7.15 0.753
Montana 10.14   10.70 0.300 9.14   10.52 0.104 25.46   26.88 0.326 7.68   8.02 0.597
Nebraska 9.58   9.43 0.738 8.22   7.64 0.357 21.72   21.06 0.593 7.48   7.47 0.984
Nevada 9.54   9.54 0.992 8.98   8.78 0.783 21.42   20.89 0.684 7.85   7.95 0.867
New Hampshire 9.69   9.72 0.954 8.64   8.83 0.795 24.55   24.82 0.840 7.55   7.51 0.955
New Jersey 8.00   8.06 0.896 6.61   6.41 0.723 20.23   19.53 0.571 6.31   6.49 0.736
New Mexico 9.99   10.34 0.532 9.45   10.43 0.254 22.73   22.10 0.617 7.72   8.17 0.523
New York 8.82a  9.53 0.035 7.22   7.91 0.111 21.44b  22.94 0.066 6.78   7.31 0.194
North Carolina 8.04   7.68 0.390 6.57   6.00 0.271 19.26b  17.36 0.096 6.42   6.32 0.842
North Dakota 10.39   9.67 0.168 9.13   8.05 0.112 24.10   23.14 0.477 7.44   6.85 0.339
Ohio 9.63b  9.06 0.077 8.40a  7.45 0.023 22.13   21.49 0.411 7.73   7.23 0.223
Oklahoma 8.42b  9.26 0.085 6.92   7.52 0.344 20.39   20.25 0.916 6.43b  7.49 0.073
Oregon 9.89   10.13 0.667 9.00   9.17 0.819 21.80   22.30 0.704 8.16   8.36 0.766
Pennsylvania 7.63   7.68 0.871 6.50   6.09 0.322 19.42b  18.15 0.085 5.84   6.16 0.423
Rhode Island 10.38   10.48 0.861 8.44   8.05 0.587 24.11   22.61 0.308 8.07   8.50 0.540
South Carolina 8.94   9.29 0.528 6.82   6.18 0.275 19.67   19.10 0.643 7.45   8.07 0.367
South Dakota 10.02   10.87 0.104 8.61   9.41 0.293 24.82   25.78 0.479 7.50   8.37 0.176
Tennessee 8.35   7.57 0.111 6.78a  5.30 0.009 20.16a  17.51 0.031 6.73   6.32 0.480
Texas 8.48   8.48 0.997 7.64   7.25 0.369 18.26   18.49 0.761 6.75   6.77 0.949
Utah 8.47   7.90 0.196 7.30a  6.06 0.047 16.61   16.37 0.832 6.59   6.09 0.377
Vermont 9.18   9.38 0.689 8.36   7.40 0.135 23.61   24.79 0.378 6.93   7.09 0.788
Virginia 9.36   9.41 0.919 7.74   7.31 0.499 23.59   23.04 0.694 7.16   7.35 0.746
Washington 9.29b  8.48 0.064 8.01   7.34 0.294 21.85   20.12 0.158 7.44   6.75 0.189
West Virginia 8.05   8.26 0.631 7.02   6.72 0.621 20.26   19.51 0.548 6.39   6.81 0.433
Wisconsin 10.21   9.54 0.191 8.81   8.73 0.913 24.72   23.62 0.409 7.93   7.27 0.294
Wyoming 10.10   9.29 0.108 9.89   9.25 0.410 22.20   21.25 0.457 7.98   7.17 0.193

101011

Table C.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.52   2.53 0.826 4.18   4.17 0.933 7.32   7.09 0.156 1.47   1.53 0.423
Northeast 2.45   2.57 0.174 3.87   3.97 0.594 7.91   7.87 0.887 1.37   1.51 0.153
Midwest 2.36   2.39 0.721 4.24   4.20 0.786 6.97   6.77 0.364 1.32   1.40 0.320
South 2.54   2.48 0.443 4.05   3.95 0.545 7.05   6.69 0.115 1.59   1.58 0.968
West 2.68   2.71 0.749 4.55   4.62 0.765 7.61   7.40 0.508 1.53   1.61 0.553
Alabama 2.64   2.47 0.417 3.56   3.84 0.493 7.34   6.80 0.409 1.72   1.56 0.503
Alaska 2.73   2.90 0.502 4.45   4.12 0.461 7.24   6.93 0.693 1.61   1.96 0.231
Arizona 2.95   2.70 0.314 4.59   4.32 0.612 7.98   7.73 0.753 1.88   1.63 0.373
Arkansas 2.58   2.65 0.750 4.50   4.47 0.960 7.16   6.86 0.685 1.59   1.73 0.537
California 2.56   2.76 0.175 4.42   4.75 0.353 7.50   7.36 0.777 1.35   1.61 0.158
Colorado 3.26a  2.75 0.047 5.22   5.31 0.879 9.15   8.17 0.251 2.03b  1.53 0.081
Connecticut 2.49   2.55 0.772 3.92   4.06 0.762 8.16   7.86 0.724 1.42   1.53 0.634
Delaware 2.86   2.63 0.342 4.23   4.33 0.833 8.45   7.99 0.565 1.75   1.53 0.408
District of Columbia 3.73   3.32 0.150 3.77   3.69 0.848 9.42b  7.95 0.074 2.46   2.24 0.503
Florida 2.53   2.47 0.783 4.08   4.08 0.991 7.04   6.70 0.443 1.69   1.67 0.950
Georgia 2.78a  2.37 0.040 3.75   3.60 0.735 7.66b  6.48 0.083 1.81   1.50 0.169
Hawaii 2.45   2.62 0.534 4.47   3.62 0.149 6.16   6.62 0.591 1.63   1.86 0.458
Idaho 2.70   2.82 0.566 4.64   4.72 0.862 7.19   7.29 0.896 1.61   1.77 0.537
Illinois 2.13b  2.36 0.052 3.88   4.11 0.501 6.20   6.74 0.246 1.16   1.34 0.165
Indiana 2.71   2.66 0.828 5.10   4.65 0.389 7.83   7.25 0.421 1.52   1.62 0.657
Iowa 1.54b  1.83 0.064 3.04   3.80 0.141 4.52   5.08 0.328 0.81   1.01 0.210
Kansas 1.81   2.06 0.122 3.72   3.59 0.771 5.23   6.08 0.207 0.90   1.10 0.181
Kentucky 2.82   2.90 0.738 4.23   3.94 0.533 8.22   8.28 0.939 1.80   1.93 0.612
Louisiana 2.57   2.60 0.890 3.42   3.51 0.832 6.66   6.88 0.761 1.65   1.65 0.994
Maine 2.71   2.72 0.979 4.31   4.15 0.734 9.29   8.92 0.701 1.61   1.70 0.726
Maryland 2.48   2.38 0.660 3.48   3.57 0.829 6.90   6.79 0.898 1.61   1.48 0.592
Massachusetts 2.67   3.02 0.145 4.03   4.24 0.672 9.59   9.02 0.540 1.30b  1.81 0.056
Michigan 2.52   2.63 0.408 4.51   4.46 0.881 7.67   7.33 0.446 1.38   1.60 0.177
Minnesota 2.33   2.18 0.404 3.82   3.76 0.892 6.93   6.07 0.185 1.34   1.32 0.936
Mississippi 1.96b  2.32 0.067 2.98   3.53 0.193 6.02   6.44 0.527 1.06   1.39 0.114
Missouri 2.55   2.34 0.269 4.32   3.98 0.434 7.61   6.82 0.257 1.49   1.39 0.672
Montana 2.73   2.47 0.207 4.14   4.25 0.823 8.26   7.20 0.167 1.61   1.46 0.486
Nebraska 2.02   1.90 0.509 3.94   4.13 0.713 5.47   4.97 0.368 1.11   1.03 0.662
Nevada 3.10   3.06 0.892 5.33   4.78 0.304 8.37   8.40 0.973 2.04   2.05 0.956
New Hampshire 2.81   3.03 0.400 4.95   5.12 0.759 8.34   9.23 0.338 1.70   1.83 0.641
New Jersey 2.07   2.11 0.807 3.91   3.88 0.957 6.75   6.46 0.653 1.13   1.22 0.578
New Mexico 3.38b  2.89 0.067 5.97   5.66 0.650 8.79   8.00 0.351 2.03   1.58 0.138
New York 2.76   2.80 0.813 3.98   3.95 0.936 8.36   8.74 0.478 1.62   1.59 0.867
North Carolina 2.22   2.26 0.820 3.64   3.91 0.507 6.70   6.22 0.458 1.32   1.42 0.649
North Dakota 1.79   2.06 0.135 3.31   3.72 0.373 4.95   5.69 0.216 0.88   1.04 0.351
Ohio 2.75   2.59 0.234 4.87   4.34 0.112 8.36   7.58 0.122 1.55   1.55 0.973
Oklahoma 2.43   2.74 0.148 3.90   4.40 0.358 6.28   6.55 0.684 1.52   1.83 0.209
Oregon 2.96   2.99 0.928 4.71   4.37 0.470 8.88   8.23 0.440 1.84   2.02 0.542
Pennsylvania 1.91b  2.15 0.068 3.31   3.69 0.214 6.33   6.20 0.757 1.02b  1.30 0.052
Rhode Island 3.93   3.49 0.195 4.91   4.57 0.557 12.04b  9.82 0.055 2.30   2.17 0.742
South Carolina 2.73   2.53 0.445 4.41   3.87 0.229 7.33   6.29 0.121 1.77   1.75 0.968
South Dakota 1.95b  2.29 0.060 3.55   4.30 0.135 5.93   6.42 0.428 1.01   1.29 0.144
Tennessee 2.45   2.15 0.112 3.86   3.49 0.354 7.43a  5.79 0.010 1.52   1.43 0.705
Texas 2.56   2.55 0.938 4.63   4.22 0.241 6.60   6.68 0.863 1.49   1.52 0.797
Utah 2.64   2.47 0.427 4.55   4.13 0.409 5.86   6.11 0.702 1.49   1.28 0.334
Vermont 2.56   2.81 0.251 4.15   3.89 0.563 8.59   8.87 0.728 1.39   1.70 0.198
Virginia 2.58   2.45 0.501 4.14   4.07 0.891 7.67   6.99 0.361 1.53   1.48 0.813
Washington 2.22   2.25 0.864 4.07   3.94 0.776 6.80   6.84 0.957 1.25   1.30 0.784
West Virginia 2.49   2.84 0.129 4.08   3.94 0.763 7.40   7.62 0.772 1.61b  2.04 0.099
Wisconsin 2.20   2.20 0.991 3.82   4.33 0.342 6.38   6.38 0.999 1.28   1.23 0.787
Wyoming 2.26   2.14 0.522 4.19   4.31 0.819 6.51   6.15 0.591 1.25   1.16 0.630

101011

Table C.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2007-2008)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 7.06   6.98 0.500 4.96a  4.54 0.002 16.41a  15.92 0.042 5.72   5.75 0.883
Northeast 6.70   6.81 0.534 4.67   4.45 0.274 16.62   16.56 0.889 5.30   5.45 0.477
Midwest 7.71a  7.36 0.024 5.43a  4.90 0.004 18.18a  17.28 0.012 6.21   5.96 0.220
South 6.63   6.55 0.611 4.46a  4.05 0.012 14.87   14.51 0.274 5.53   5.53 0.974
West 7.39   7.41 0.894 5.49b  5.04 0.094 16.93   16.30 0.180 5.92   6.12 0.457
Alabama 5.86   6.09 0.554 4.32   4.17 0.745 12.45   13.06 0.518 4.94   5.16 0.646
Alaska 7.10   7.37 0.545 5.13   4.87 0.600 16.59   15.96 0.593 5.62   6.12 0.372
Arizona 7.64   7.28 0.414 5.84   5.11 0.200 17.06   17.55 0.671 6.28   5.83 0.380
Arkansas 6.57   6.39 0.655 5.19   4.80 0.459 15.17   14.43 0.471 5.34   5.28 0.900
California 7.22   7.50 0.376 5.46   4.93 0.198 16.39   15.85 0.439 5.74   6.26 0.184
Colorado 8.60   8.34 0.614 6.49   5.99 0.438 21.95   20.32 0.190 6.63   6.63 0.993
Connecticut 7.78   8.31 0.317 6.04   5.75 0.632 18.46   19.49 0.393 6.32   6.86 0.392
Delaware 6.85   7.31 0.332 4.58   4.74 0.747 16.77   17.89 0.342 5.49   5.86 0.506
District of Columbia 8.96   8.58 0.461 3.30   3.25 0.926 18.52   16.61 0.116 7.40   7.28 0.849
Florida 6.90   6.64 0.400 4.68   4.30 0.246 14.72   14.12 0.365 6.00   5.79 0.583
Georgia 6.14   6.46 0.400 3.75   3.39 0.341 13.66   14.71 0.287 5.19   5.48 0.545
Hawaii 8.00   7.32 0.294 5.19   5.39 0.787 17.61   16.35 0.388 6.81   6.10 0.359
Idaho 6.64   6.66 0.954 5.18   4.71 0.351 15.87   15.51 0.740 5.21   5.39 0.715
Illinois 8.01a  7.23 0.016 5.02a  4.16 0.012 18.53b  17.08 0.055 6.53b  5.85 0.091
Indiana 6.22   6.45 0.565 4.83   4.51 0.497 15.29   15.89 0.557 4.86   5.11 0.618
Iowa 7.88   8.03 0.766 5.93   6.23 0.637 17.83   18.16 0.765 6.36   6.46 0.861
Kansas 7.87   7.58 0.504 5.41   5.30 0.848 19.91   18.31 0.201 5.95   5.88 0.901
Kentucky 5.32   5.70 0.300 3.96   3.83 0.751 11.96   13.29 0.156 4.44   4.74 0.505
Louisiana 6.93   6.81 0.771 4.08   3.69 0.355 14.01   14.45 0.669 5.95   5.76 0.723
Maine 6.50   6.41 0.809 5.02b  4.13 0.074 17.03   16.68 0.751 5.20   5.23 0.955
Maryland 7.00a  6.11 0.036 4.41a  3.39 0.024 16.12a  13.55 0.027 5.82   5.19 0.215
Massachusetts 7.75   6.98 0.108 5.09   4.57 0.352 18.80   18.42 0.771 6.16b  5.23 0.090
Michigan 7.32   7.10 0.474 5.26   4.77 0.159 16.80   15.76 0.132 5.99   5.93 0.886
Minnesota 9.38   8.75 0.238 6.29   5.55 0.244 22.53   20.66 0.143 7.49   7.11 0.557
Mississippi 5.98   5.97 0.993 3.86   3.69 0.680 13.26   12.48 0.406 4.94   5.10 0.730
Missouri 7.16   7.09 0.872 5.39   4.98 0.453 17.28   16.40 0.420 5.71   5.83 0.811
Montana 8.33b  9.18 0.093 6.33a  7.70 0.049 21.76   23.21 0.286 6.31   7.02 0.246
Nebraska 8.22   8.18 0.926 6.08   5.45 0.289 18.35   18.52 0.895 6.60   6.58 0.973
Nevada 7.67   7.37 0.531 5.71   5.24 0.411 17.31   16.44 0.456 6.50   6.30 0.726
New Hampshire 7.50   7.23 0.551 5.49   5.24 0.635 19.74   18.61 0.346 5.88   5.74 0.780
New Jersey 6.44   6.18 0.501 4.24   3.63 0.192 16.36   15.07 0.219 5.21   5.12 0.846
New Mexico 7.66   8.22 0.264 5.63   6.30 0.339 18.63   17.94 0.547 5.92   6.68 0.210
New York 6.63a  7.40 0.013 4.64   5.08 0.222 16.29   17.25 0.155 5.17b  5.91 0.052
North Carolina 6.55   5.99 0.153 4.10b  3.34 0.051 15.42   13.83 0.124 5.43   5.05 0.415
North Dakota 8.74b  7.90 0.059 6.23a  5.03 0.027 20.75   19.58 0.324 6.34   5.64 0.191
Ohio 7.52   7.19 0.299 5.39   4.98 0.274 16.92   16.79 0.855 6.24   5.89 0.365
Oklahoma 6.59   7.15 0.193 4.49   4.76 0.595 16.14   16.09 0.965 5.12   5.84 0.157
Oregon 7.29   7.65 0.420 5.45   5.87 0.453 16.04   16.38 0.764 6.16   6.51 0.512
Pennsylvania 5.98   5.73 0.359 4.22a  3.53 0.027 15.10   14.16 0.146 4.70   4.60 0.768
Rhode Island 7.55   7.77 0.651 5.28   4.73 0.274 17.86   17.13 0.535 5.92   6.38 0.429
South Carolina 7.03   7.46 0.375 4.27   3.98 0.527 15.00   15.25 0.815 6.08   6.61 0.369
South Dakota 8.39   8.84 0.348 5.81   6.00 0.756 21.37   21.77 0.743 6.37   6.88 0.370
Tennessee 6.41   5.95 0.272 4.39a  3.32 0.014 15.22   13.54 0.122 5.30   5.11 0.694
Texas 6.76   6.76 0.982 4.80   4.44 0.315 14.66   14.35 0.629 5.56   5.66 0.762
Utah 6.18   5.78 0.329 3.94   3.24 0.113 12.78   12.30 0.657 4.88   4.58 0.561
Vermont 7.13   7.45 0.495 5.41   4.93 0.339 18.16   18.73 0.613 5.54   5.90 0.531
Virginia 7.28   7.36 0.856 4.91   4.68 0.638 18.27   18.44 0.883 5.72   5.80 0.880
Washington 7.34a  6.55 0.042 5.15   4.44 0.143 17.64a  15.34 0.023 5.97   5.40 0.218
West Virginia 5.92   5.82 0.796 4.51   4.25 0.574 15.30   14.19 0.299 4.71   4.78 0.880
Wisconsin 8.33b  7.49 0.077 6.17   5.21 0.108 20.69a  18.28 0.031 6.50   5.95 0.333
Wyoming 8.20   7.87 0.496 6.87   6.42 0.524 18.73   18.48 0.833 6.50   6.17 0.576

101022

Table C.23 Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 18+
(2007-2008)
18+
(2008-2009)
18+
(p value)
12-17
(2007-2008)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2007-2008)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2007-2008)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 6.56   6.49 0.587 8.21   8.18 0.850 8.15   8.13 0.896 6.29   6.21 0.591
Northeast 6.30   6.24 0.799 7.92   7.75 0.501 7.92   7.76 0.547 6.02   5.99 0.879
Midwest 6.72   6.72 0.991 8.39   8.35 0.862 8.51   8.49 0.954 6.42   6.42 0.997
South 6.59   6.41 0.308 8.18   8.03 0.504 7.78   7.74 0.829 6.39   6.19 0.318
West 6.59   6.59 0.998 8.30   8.56 0.372 8.55   8.67 0.707 6.24   6.21 0.928
Alabama 5.81   6.36 0.281 8.27   7.97 0.644 7.57   7.32 0.728 5.51   6.19 0.239
Alaska 6.23   5.76 0.375 7.64   7.50 0.847 7.79   7.16 0.453 5.94   5.49 0.471
Arizona 7.13   7.05 0.882 8.95   9.09 0.854 9.06   8.95 0.892 6.80   6.72 0.901
Arkansas 7.36   7.89 0.401 8.86   9.16 0.687 8.52   9.07 0.499 7.17   7.69 0.469
California 6.10   6.04 0.877 7.87   8.16 0.531 8.32   8.47 0.766 5.67   5.58 0.811
Colorado 6.87   7.54 0.215 8.84   9.16 0.660 8.40   8.38 0.972 6.62   7.41 0.201
Connecticut 6.77b  5.90 0.099 8.15   7.96 0.779 8.53   8.00 0.480 6.49   5.57 0.124
Delaware 6.15   6.38 0.647 8.12   7.81 0.656 7.66   8.49 0.302 5.90   6.02 0.822
District of Columbia 6.55   5.77 0.118 7.17   6.75 0.580 7.94   7.21 0.332 6.24   5.45 0.179
Florida 6.52   6.38 0.724 7.67b  8.50 0.077 7.72   7.92 0.652 6.34   6.16 0.670
Georgia 6.53   6.16 0.467 8.24   7.82 0.542 7.35   7.55 0.777 6.39   5.93 0.426
Hawaii 5.88   6.20 0.566 8.33   8.14 0.811 8.10   8.71 0.461 5.53   5.80 0.669
Idaho 7.48   7.52 0.933 8.57   9.05 0.523 8.42   9.21 0.313 7.31   7.23 0.899
Illinois 5.84   6.14 0.363 7.51   7.46 0.926 7.73   7.87 0.779 5.50   5.83 0.392
Indiana 8.25   8.19 0.930 9.00   9.36 0.665 9.31   8.61 0.386 8.07   8.12 0.934
Iowa 6.20   5.81 0.398 7.72   7.98 0.696 8.09   7.60 0.537 5.86   5.49 0.477
Kansas 7.29   6.59 0.185 8.93   8.54 0.604 8.39   8.36 0.966 7.08   6.26 0.177
Kentucky 7.66   7.15 0.390 9.36   8.41 0.244 8.32   7.98 0.636 7.55   7.02 0.427
Louisiana 6.19   5.66 0.267 7.95   7.54 0.530 7.12   6.85 0.704 6.01   5.43 0.294
Maine 7.38   6.75 0.253 8.43   8.10 0.659 9.27   8.72 0.529 7.12   6.47 0.294
Maryland 5.90   5.91 0.976 6.97   7.05 0.893 7.90   7.80 0.873 5.56   5.59 0.957
Massachusetts 6.54   6.75 0.677 8.35   7.99 0.612 8.43   8.49 0.928 6.21   6.44 0.698
Michigan 6.61   6.63 0.952 8.27   8.19 0.873 9.20   9.15 0.916 6.16   6.20 0.934
Minnesota 7.07   7.64 0.310 9.48   8.62 0.258 8.48   8.93 0.571 6.83   7.42 0.354
Mississippi 5.35   5.72 0.433 7.33   7.15 0.800 6.48   6.47 0.984 5.14   5.58 0.422
Missouri 7.06   7.11 0.928 8.68   9.03 0.651 9.03   9.20 0.824 6.73   6.76 0.961
Montana 6.72   6.79 0.906 8.62   9.10 0.542 9.16   8.91 0.760 6.30   6.43 0.847
Nebraska 5.51   6.27 0.129 7.53   8.14 0.399 7.17   7.51 0.633 5.20   6.04 0.149
Nevada 7.02   6.86 0.793 8.18   7.42 0.283 9.61   8.90 0.363 6.64   6.56 0.905
New Hampshire 7.78   7.62 0.802 8.86   8.90 0.951 8.69   8.86 0.840 7.64   7.44 0.768
New Jersey 5.75   5.88 0.804 7.76   7.29 0.459 7.14   7.97 0.240 5.54   5.55 0.986
New Mexico 7.37   6.54 0.176 8.87   9.03 0.845 8.86   8.59 0.733 7.10   6.16 0.191
New York 6.55   6.65 0.774 7.99   8.23 0.603 8.22   7.82 0.396 6.26   6.44 0.642
North Carolina 7.09   6.83 0.627 8.97   8.35 0.377 8.44   8.07 0.582 6.87   6.63 0.692
North Dakota 6.54   6.24 0.584 8.69   8.93 0.743 8.08   7.15 0.230 6.19   6.04 0.817
Ohio 6.57   6.17 0.239 8.31   8.27 0.928 8.24   8.13 0.805 6.30   5.85 0.252
Oklahoma 7.96   7.40 0.351 8.43   8.09 0.656 9.52   9.49 0.978 7.67   7.02 0.345
Oregon 7.09   7.58 0.382 9.28   10.28 0.173 9.63   10.00 0.677 6.70   7.20 0.426
Pennsylvania 5.61   5.20 0.238 7.44   6.81 0.179 7.14   6.44 0.133 5.36   5.00 0.359
Rhode Island 7.56a  9.46 0.006 8.46   9.56 0.166 9.05a  11.08 0.019 7.29a  9.16 0.020
South Carolina 6.18   7.07 0.139 8.68   8.94 0.726 7.64   8.50 0.240 5.94   6.83 0.189
South Dakota 5.97   5.66 0.538 8.20   8.27 0.921 7.53   6.83 0.302 5.68   5.45 0.681
Tennessee 7.65   6.80 0.165 8.84   8.49 0.621 7.28   7.15 0.854 7.70   6.75 0.167
Texas 6.05   5.95 0.769 7.60   7.45 0.721 7.23   7.19 0.917 5.83   5.72 0.784
Utah 7.02   7.49 0.356 9.14   8.39 0.295 8.34   8.38 0.947 6.68   7.27 0.344
Vermont 6.45   6.49 0.950 8.07   8.09 0.981 8.53   9.37 0.283 6.11   6.01 0.876
Virginia 6.94   6.40 0.299 9.67   8.86 0.263 9.12   8.58 0.480 6.58   6.03 0.365
Washington 7.57   7.24 0.556 8.57   9.44 0.263 8.54   9.12 0.454 7.41   6.94 0.454
West Virginia 8.51   7.75 0.225 9.14   8.39 0.289 9.84   8.74 0.185 8.31   7.61 0.317
Wisconsin 7.38   7.32 0.913 9.19   8.88 0.658 9.18   9.61 0.581 7.08   6.93 0.830
Wyoming 7.89   7.42 0.440 10.03b  8.59 0.067 10.04   9.52 0.519 7.50   7.05 0.513

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