Table 2.2
Facilities by type of care offered, and facilities with Opioid Treatment Programs: 1997-20031
Number and percent
Type of care offered Number of facilities2 Percent2
1997 1998 1999 2000 2002 2003 1997 1998 1999 2000 2002 2003
Total  10,860 13,455 15,239 13,428 13,720 13,623            
Type of care offered  
Outpatient  8,415 10,941 12,869 10,946 11,061 10,893  77.5  81.3  84.4  81.5  80.6  80.0
Regular  7,432  9,907 11,063 10,422 10,189  9,967  68.4  73.6  72.6  77.6  74.3  73.2
Intensive   3,645  6,282  7,723  6,223  6,083  5,902  33.6  46.7  50.7  46.3  44.3  43.3
Detoxification      n/c  1,549  1,973  1,770  1,667  1,501      n/c  11.5  12.9  13.2  12.2  11.0
Day treatment/partial hospitalization      n/c      n/c  2,855  2,181  2,085  2,156      n/c      n/c      n/c  16.2  15.2  15.8
Methadone/LAAM maintenance       n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c    994    955      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c   7.2   7.0
Non-hospital residential   3,002  3,532  3,978  3,574  3,781  3,793  27.6  26.3  26.1  26.6  27.6  27.8
Detoxification    690  1,003  1,237  1,061  1,024    957   6.4   7.5   8.1   7.9   7.5   7.0
Rehabilitation  2,757  3,348  3,788  3,436  3,592      n/c  25.4  24.9  24.9  25.6  26.2      n/c
Short-term treatment (30 days or less)      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  1,596      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  11.7
Long-term treatment (more than 30 days)      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  3,142      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  23.1
Hospital inpatient  1,088  1,298  1,270  1,102  1,069  1,013  10.0   9.6   8.3   8.2   7.8   7.4
Detoxification    909  1,148  1,159  1,026    968    900   8.4   8.5   7.6   7.6   7.1   6.6
Treatment    578    784    803    653    549    662   5.3   5.8   5.3   4.9   4.0   4.9
Facilities with Opioid Treatment Programs3    856    813  1,206  1,215  1,080  1,067   7.9   6.0   7.9   9.0   7.9   7.8
1 Survey reference dates were: Oct. 1, 1997-2000, March 29, 2002, and March 31, 2003. See Appendix C for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time.
2 Types of care sum to more than the Total row and percents sum to more than 100 percent because a facility could provide more than one type of care.
3 Data for 1997 to 2000 include all facilities that self-reported dispensing methadone/LAAM. In 2002 and 2003, only those facilities that were certified as Opioid Treatment Programs by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), SAMHSA, were included.
n/c  Data not collected.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), 1997-1998; National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2000, 2002-2003.