Table 3.1
Clients in treatment by facility operation: 1997-20031
Number and percent distribution
Facility operation Number of clients Percent distribution
1997 1998 2000 2002 2003 1997 1998 2000 2002 2003
Total 929,086 1,038,378 1,000,896 1,136,287 1,092,546 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Facility operation  
Private non-profit 510,680   556,191   552,092   637,835   615,410  55.0  53.6  55.2  56.1  56.3
Private for-profit 168,106   252,369   244,184   291,122   282,161  18.1  24.3  24.4  25.6  25.8
Local government 123,560   115,774   111,337   112,820   101,826  13.3  11.1  11.1   9.9   9.3
State government  68,133    62,771    40,652    43,746    45,649   7.3   6.0   4.1   3.8   4.2
Federal government  48,683    41,627    40,549    40,637    37,155   5.2   4.0   4.1   3.6   3.4
Dept. of Veteran Affairs  40,625    33,518    31,251    31,213    28,386   4.4   3.2   3.1   2.7   2.6
Dept. Of Defense   5,862     6,922     6,571     7,749     6,020   0.6   0.7   0.7   0.7   0.6
Indian Health Service   2,163       873     2,316     1,339     2,331   0.2   0.1   0.2   0.1   0.2
Other      33       314       411       336       418      *      *      *      *      *
Tribal government   9,924     9,646    12,082    10,127    10,345   1.1   0.9   1.2   0.9   0.9
1 Survey reference dates were: Oct. 1, 1997-1998 and 2000, March 29, 2002, and March 31, 2003. See Appendix C for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time. No client data were collected in the 1999 survey.
*  Less than 0.05 percent.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), 1997-1998; National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2000, 2002-2003.