Table 3.2
Clients in treatment by type of care received, and clients receiving methadone/LAAM: 1997-20031
Number and percent distribution
Type of care received and clients receiving
methadone/LAAM
Number of clients Percent distribution
1997 1998 2000 2002 2003 1997 1998 2000 2002 2003
Total  929,086 1,038,378 1,000,896 1,136,287 1,092,546 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Type of care received  
Outpatient 808,956   915,798   891,547 1,020,214   968,719  87.1  88.2  89.1  89.8  88.7
Regular 674,444   686,730   739,794   616,957   587,975  72.6  66.1  73.9  54.3  53.8
Intensive  134,512   198,355   118,610   139,777   128,127  14.5  19.1  11.9  12.3  11.7
Detoxification        n/c    30,713    14,249    18,307    11,770     n/c   3.0   1.4   1.6   1.1
Day treatment/partial hospitalization        n/c          n/c    18,894    29,506    27,728     n/c     n/c   1.9   2.6   2.5
Methadone/LAAM maintenance         n/c          n/c          n/c   215,667   213,119     n/c     n/c     n/c  19.0  19.5
Non-hospital residential  103,750   107,961    96,084   102,394   108,592  11.2  10.4   9.6   9.0   9.9
Detoxification   8,476     7,636     8,264     8,401     9,061   0.9   0.7   0.8   0.7   0.8
Rehabilitation  95,274   100,325    87,820    93,993          n/c  10.3   9.7   8.8   8.3     n/c
Short-term treatment (30 days or less)        n/c          n/c          n/c          n/c    22,926     n/c     n/c     n/c     n/c   2.1
Long-term treatment (more than 30 days)        n/c          n/c          n/c          n/c    76,605     n/c     n/c     n/c     n/c   7.0
Hospital inpatient  16,380    14,619    13,265    13,679    15,235   1.8   1.4   1.3   1.2   1.4
Detoxification   8,093     6,317     6,375     6,306     7,067   0.9   0.6   0.6   0.6   0.6
Treatment   8,287     8,302     6,890     7,373     8,168   0.9   0.8   0.7   0.6   0.7
Clients receiving methadone/LAAM 138,009   149,030   182,861   228,641   229,567  14.9  14.4  18.3  20.1  21.0
1 Survey reference dates were: Oct. 1, 1997-1998 and 2000, March 29, 2002, and March 31, 2003. See Appendix C for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time. No client data were collected in the 1999 survey.
n/c  Data not collected.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), 1997-1998; National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2000, 2002-2003.