Table 2.3
Facilities by type of care offered, and facilities with Opioid Treatment Programs: 1998-20041
Number and percent
Type of care offered and facilities with Opioid Treatment Programs Number of facilities2 Percent2
1998 1999 2000 2002 2003 2004 1998 1999 2000 2002 2003 2004
Total  13,455 15,239 13,428 13,720 13,623 13,454          
Type of care offered  
Outpatient 10,941 12,869 10,946 11,061 10,893 10,853  81.3  84.4  81.5  80.6  80.0  80.7
Regular  9,907 11,063 10,422 10,189  9,967  9,649  73.6  72.6  77.6  74.3  73.2  71.7
Intensive   6,282  7,723  6,223  6,083  5,902  5,643  46.7  50.7  46.3  44.3  43.3  41.9
Detoxification  1,549  1,973  1,770  1,667  1,501  1,369  11.5  12.9  13.2  12.2  11.0  10.2
Day treatment/partial hospitalization      n/c  2,855  2,181  2,085  2,156  1,871      n/c  18.7  16.2  15.2  15.8  13.9
Methadone maintenance       n/c      n/c      n/c    994    955    904      n/c      n/c      n/c   7.2   7.0   6.7
Non-hospital residential   3,532  3,978  3,574  3,781  3,793  3,680  26.3  26.1  26.6  27.6  27.8  27.4
Detoxification  1,003  1,237  1,061  1,024    957    942   7.5   8.1   7.9   7.5   7.0   7.0
Rehabilitation  3,348  3,788  3,436  3,592      n/c n/c  24.9  24.9  25.6  26.2      n/c      n/c
Short-term treatment (30 days or less)      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  1,596  1,524      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  11.7  11.3
Long-term treatment (more than 30 days)      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  3,142  3,027      n/c      n/c      n/c      n/c  23.1  22.5
Hospital inpatient  1,298  1,270  1,102  1,069  1,013  1,073   9.6   8.3   8.2   7.8   7.4   8.0
Detoxification  1,148  1,159  1,026    968    900    874   8.5   7.6   7.6   7.1   6.6   6.5
Treatment    784    803    653    549    662    724   5.8   5.3   4.9   4.0   4.9   5.4
Facilities with Opioid Treatment Programs3    813  1,206  1,215  1,080  1,067  1,070   6.0   7.9   9.0   7.9   7.8   8.0
1 Survey reference dates were: Oct. 1, 1998-2000, March 29, 2002, and March 31, 2003-2004. See Appendix C for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time.
2 Types of care sum to more than the Total row and percents sum to more than 100 percent because a facility could provide more than one type of care.
3 Data for 1997 to 2000 include all facilities that self-reported dispensing methadone/LAAM. From 2002-2004, only those facilities that were certified as Opioid Treatment Programs by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration were included.
n/c  Data not collected.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), 1998-1999; National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2000, 2002-2004. No survey was conducted in 2001.