Table 3.1
Clients in treatment by facility operation: 1998-20041
Number and percent distribution
Facility operation Number of clients Percent distribution
1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004
Total 1,038,378 1,000,896 1,136,287 1,092,546 1,072,251 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Private non-profit   556,191   552,092   637,835   615,410   588,170  53.6  55.2  56.1  56.3  54.9
Private for-profit   252,369   244,184   291,122   282,161   296,533  24.3  24.4  25.6  25.8  27.7
Local government   115,774   111,337   112,820   101,826    97,261  11.1  11.1   9.9   9.3   9.1
State government    62,771    40,652    43,746    45,649    43,455   6.0   4.1   3.8   4.2   4.1
Federal government    41,627    40,549    40,637    37,155    36,378   4.0   4.1   3.6   3.4   3.4
Dept. of Veteran Affairs    33,518    31,251    31,213    28,386    28,306   3.2   3.1   2.7   2.6   2.6
Dept. of Defense     6,922     6,571     7,749     6,020     6,335   0.7   0.7   0.7   0.6   0.6
Indian Health Service       873     2,316     1,339     2,331     1,582   0.1   0.2   0.1   0.2   0.1
Other       314       411       336       418       155      *      *      *      *      *
Tribal government     9,646    12,082    10,127    10,345    10,454   0.9   1.2   0.9   0.9   1.0
1 Survey reference dates were: Oct. 1, 1998-2000, March 29, 2002, and March 31, 2003-2004. See Appendix C for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time. 
*  Less than 0.05 percent.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), 1998; National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2000, 2002-2004. No client data were collected in 1999, and no survey was conducted in 2001.