Table 3.1
Clients in treatment, by facility operation and primary focus of facility: 2004-20081
Number and percent distribution
Facility operation and primary focus Number of clients Percent distribution
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Total  1,072,251 1,081,049 1,130,881 1,135,425 1,192,490 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Facility operation  
Private non-profit   588,170   595,633   623,604   619,954   635,347  54.9  55.1  55.1  54.6  53.3
Private for-profit   296,533   302,595   328,763   338,031   363,695  27.7  28.0  29.1  29.8  30.5
Local, county, or community govt.    97,261    95,667    89,690    85,953    82,632   9.1   8.8   7.9   7.6   6.9
State government    43,455    42,431    41,298    41,813    43,799   4.1   3.9   3.7   3.7   3.7
Federal government    36,378    36,194    36,660    38,088    55,290   3.4   3.3   3.2   3.4   4.6
Dept. of Veterans Affairs    28,306    28,842    29,243    27,611    45,268   2.6   2.7   2.6   2.4   3.8
Dept. of Defense     6,335     5,771     5,452     7,009     8,171   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.7
Indian Health Service     1,582     1,458     1,910     3,098     1,755   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.3   0.1
Other       155       123        55       370        96      *      *      *      *      *
Tribal government    10,454     8,529    10,866    11,586    11,727   1.0   0.8   1.0   1.0   1.0
Primary focus of facility  
Substance abuse treatment services   733,905   747,680   771,962   768,047   794,172  68.4  69.2  68.3  67.6  66.6
Mental health services    50,922    47,002    52,586    47,803    42,740   4.7   4.3   4.7   4.2   3.6
Mix of mental health and substance
    abuse treatment services
  251,687   257,524   279,757   297,907   324,342  23.5  23.8  24.7  26.2  27.2
General health care    16,744    20,763    16,256    12,747    24,443   1.6   1.9   1.4   1.1   2.0
Other/unknown    18,993     8,080    10,320     8,921     6,793   1.8   0.7   0.9   0.8   0.6
1 Survey reference dates were: March 31, 2004-2006, March 30, 2007, and March 31, 2008. See Appendix A for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time.
*  Less than 0.05 percent.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2004-2008. 

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