Table 3.1
Clients in treatment, by facility operation and primary focus of facility: 2005-20091
Number and percent distribution
Facility operation and primary focus Number of clients Percent distribution
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total  1,081,049 1,130,881 1,135,425 1,192,490 1,182,077 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Facility operation  
Private non-profit   595,633   623,604   619,954   635,347   630,579  55.1  55.1  54.6  53.3  53.3
Private for-profit   302,595   328,763   338,031   363,695   375,256  28.0  29.1  29.8  30.5  31.7
Local, county, or community govt.    95,667    89,690    85,953    82,632    75,126   8.8   7.9   7.6   6.9   6.4
State government    42,431    41,298    41,813    43,799    42,761   3.9   3.7   3.7   3.7   3.6
Federal government    36,194    36,660    38,088    55,290    46,282   3.3   3.2   3.4   4.6   3.9
Dept. of Veterans Affairs    28,842    29,243    27,611    45,268    37,381   2.7   2.6   2.4   3.8   3.2
Dept. of Defense     5,771     5,452     7,009     8,171     6,877   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.6
Indian Health Service     1,458     1,910     3,098     1,755     1,982   0.1   0.2   0.3   0.1   0.2
Other       123        55       370        96        42      *      *      *      *      *
Tribal government     8,529    10,866    11,586    11,727    12,073   0.8   1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0
Primary focus of facility  
Substance abuse treatment services   747,680   771,962   768,047   794,172   792,815  69.2  68.3  67.6  66.6  67.1
Mental health services    47,002    52,586    47,803    42,740    43,137   4.3   4.7   4.2   3.6   3.6
Mix of mental health and substance
    abuse treatment services
  257,524   279,757   297,907   324,342   327,166  23.8  24.7  26.2  27.2  27.7
General health care    20,763    16,256    12,747    24,443    13,933   1.9   1.4   1.1   2.0   1.2
Other/unknown     8,080    10,320     8,921     6,793     5,026   0.7   0.9   0.8   0.6   0.4
1 Survey reference dates were: March 31, 2005-2006, March 30, 2007, and March 31, 2008-2009. See Appendix A for changes in the survey base, methods, and instruments that affect analysis of trends over time.
*  Less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE:  Percentages may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2005-2009. 

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