Chapter 3

Trends in Client Characteristics

Facility Operation
Primary Focus of Facility
Type of Care Received
Clients Receiving Methadone or Buprenorphine
Substance Abuse Problem Treated
Clients under Age 18 in Treatment

This chapter presents trends in client characteristics for 2007 to 2011.

Table 3.1. The number of clients in treatment on the survey reference date increased by 8 percent from 2007 to 2011, from 1,135,425 in 2007 to 1,224,127 in 2011.

Facility Operation

Table 3.1 and Figure 5. In almost all categories of facility operation, the proportions of clients in treatment changed very little between 2007 and 2011.

Figure 5
Clients in Treatment, by Facility Operation: 2007-2011

Stacked bar chart comparing Clients in Treatment, by Facility Operation: 2007-2011

SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration, National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2007-2011.


7 Data for the Federal agencies specified in the survey (the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of Defense, the Indian Health Service, and other unspecified Federal agencies) are detailed in the tables.

Primary Focus of Facility

Table 3.1. In almost all categories of facility primary focus of activity, the proportions of clients in treatment changed very little from 2007 to 2011.

Type of Care Received

Table 3.2 and Figure 6. The proportions of clients in treatment for the major types of care—outpatient, residential (non-hospital), and hospital inpatient—were stable between 2007 and 2011.

Figure 6
Clients in Treatment, by Type of Care Received: 2007-2011

Mixed bar/line chart comparing Clients in Treatment, by Type of Care Received: 2007-2011

SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration, National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2007-2011.

Clients Receiving Methadone or Buprenorphine

Table 3.2 and Figure 6. Clients receiving methadone or buprenorphine could be in any type of care—outpatient, residential (non-hospital), or hospital inpatient. Clients could receive methadone only in Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs), certified by SAMHSA to provide medication-assisted therapy with methadone and buprenorphine. However, clients could receive buprenorphine in any type of facility.8


8 Individual physicians can receive special authorization from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that allows them to prescribe buprenorphine for the treatment of opiate addiction. These physicians may prescribe buprenorphine to patients in an office setting or to patients at substance abuse treatment facilities.

Substance Abuse Problem Treated

Table 3.3.The proportion of clients in treatment for the three broad categories of substance abuse problems—both alcohol and drug abuse, drug abuse only, and alcohol abuse only—changed very little between 2007 and 2011. Clients in treatment for both drug and alcohol abuse made up 42 to 46 percent of all clients from 2007 to 2011. Clients in treatment for drug abuse only ranged from 35 to 39 percent of all clients from 2007 through 2011. The proportion of clients treated for alcohol abuse only ranged from 18 to 19 percent between 2007 and 2011. Clients in treatment for diagnosed co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders made up 37 to 41 percent of all clients from 2007 through 2011.

Clients under Age 18 in Treatment

Table 3.4. Clients under age 18 made up between 7 and 8 percent of all clients from 2007 through 2011.

To Chapter 3 Tables

To table of contents

Table of Contents