Chapter 6
Detoxification: 2007

The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) records the type of service to which clients are admitted for treatment. The categories used are broadly defined as ambulatory, rehabilitation/residential, and detoxification. (See Appendix B for details.)

In 2007, 62 percent of admissions were to ambulatory (intensive or non-intensive outpatient) treatment, 20 percent were to detoxification (free-standing residential, hospital inpatient, or ambulatory), and 18 percent were to rehabilitation/residential treatment [Table 3.6]. Admissions to detoxification treatment represent a special category of admissions. They are generally initiated because of an acute need for medical care. Detoxification is ideally followed by a transfer to either outpatient or rehabilitation/residential treatment. However, the transfer may not occur, or may not be traceable in the TEDS data collection system. (See Chapter 1.)

TEDS records three types of detoxification services. These are:

In 2007, 71 percent of detoxification admissions were to free-standing rehabilitation/residential detoxification, 19 percent were hospital inpatient detoxification, and 10 percent were ambulatory detoxification [Table 6.3].

Tables 6.1a, 6.1b, and 6.2a. Four-fifths of admissions to detoxification were for primary alcohol (53 percent) or opiates (30 percent).
Cocaine accounted for 9 percent of detoxification admissions, and stimulants and marijuana for 3 percent each. The demographic characteristics of admissions to detoxification were slightly different than those for all admissions [Tables 3.1a and 3.2a]. Detoxification admissions were more likely to be male (74 percent vs. 68 percent of all admissions), of Hispanic origin (15 percent vs. 14 percent of all admissions), and older (average age 38 vs. average age 34 for all admissions).

Figure 39. This figure shows, separately for males and females, the number of admissions by age for the most common primary substances. Male detoxification admissions greatly outnumbered female detoxification admissions. Among admissions under age 40, admissions for opiate abuse outnumbered those for alcohol abuse among both males and females.

Figure 39
Detoxification admissions by gender, age, and primary substance: TEDS 2007

Line charts comparing Detoxification admissions by gender, age, and primary substance in TEDS 2007

Table 6.3. Admissions to detoxification were more likely to be self- or individual referrals (59 percent) than were all admissions (33 percent) [Table 3.5] and less likely to enter treatment through the criminal justice system (14 percent vs. 37 percent). For heroin admissions to detoxification, medication-assisted opioid therapy was less likely to be planned than it was for all heroin admissions (10 percent vs. 29 percent) [Table 3.6].

Table 6.4. Daily use was reported by 71 percent of detoxification admissions, compared with 37 percent of all admissions [Table 3.4]. More than one-third of detoxification admissions (39 percent) were entering treatment for the first time, compared with 44 percent of all admissions, and 20 percent had been in treatment five or more times previously, compared with 11 percent of all admissions [Table 3.5].

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