Table 5.6a
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and medication-assisted opioid therapy1: TEDS 1997-2007
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration
and medication-assisted
opioid therapy1
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Total heroin admissions 235,143 247,069 257,508 270,375 277,653 286,157 273,996 261,610 259,462 264,599 246,871
Usual route of administration
Injection 146,728 149,136 156,562 158,158 158,259 163,604 154,463 151,002 161,692 165,401 157,178
Inhalation 63,974 69,399 71,156 80,694 87,117 88,363 87,272 80,066 85,162 87,299 78,549
Smoking 5,976 6,138 7,097 7,185 6,595 6,525 6,361 5,688 5,632 5,581 5,720
Oral 2,666 3,121 3,329 4,254 5,004 4,993 5,344 4,310 3,266 3,159 3,197
Other 1,512 1,848 2,319 2,259 2,356 2,387 2,273 1,884 1,637 1,453 1,052
No. of admissions 220,856 229,642 240,463 252,550 259,331 265,872 255,713 242,950 257,389 262,893 245,696
Medication-assisted opioid therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection 65,712 66,168 67,985 66,862 63,845 63,177 53,479 48,986 48,612 47,151 43,394
Inhalation 14,598 22,357 20,972 23,459 26,974 28,383 26,291 22,398 23,957 25,975 21,763
Smoking 2,834 2,893 3,442 3,334 2,549 2,516 2,322 2,099 1,936 1,759 1,790
Oral 445 558 548 654 789 906 982 1,202 742 633 736
Other 552 656 848 633 743 782 721 672 493 506 223
Any route of administration 84,141 92,632 93,795 94,942 94,900 95,764 83,795 75,357 75,740 76,024 67,906
1Medication-assisted opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine as part of the client's treatment.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.6.08.

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