Table 5.6b
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and medication-assisted opioid therapy1: TEDS 1997-2007
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration
and medication-assisted
opioid therapy1
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Usual route of administration
Injection  66.4  64.9  65.1  62.6  61.0  61.5  60.4  62.2  62.8  62.9  64.0
Inhalation  29.0  30.2  29.6  32.0  33.6  33.2  34.1  33.0  33.1  33.2  32.0
Smoking   2.7   2.7   3.0   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.3   2.2   2.1   2.3
Oral   1.2   1.4   1.4   1.7   1.9   1.9   2.1   1.8   1.3   1.2   1.3
Other   0.7   0.8   1.0   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.8   0.6   0.6   0.4
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Medication-assisted opioid therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection  44.8  44.4  43.4  42.3  40.3  38.6  34.6  32.4  30.1  28.5  27.6
Inhalation  22.8  32.2  29.5  29.1  31.0  32.1  30.1  28.0  28.1  29.8  27.7
Smoking  47.4  47.1  48.5  46.4  38.7  38.6  36.5  36.9  34.4  31.5  31.3
Oral  16.7  17.9  16.5  15.4  15.8  18.1  18.4  27.9  22.7  20.0  23.0
Other  36.5  35.5  36.6  28.0  31.5  32.8  31.7  35.7  30.1  34.8  21.2
Total   38.1  40.3  39.0  37.6  36.6  36.0  32.8  31.0  29.4  28.9  27.6
1Medication-assisted opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine as part of the client's treatment.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.6.08.

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