Table 1.6
Discharges aged 12 and older, by characteristics at admission and type of service: TEDS 2008
Percent distribution of characteristics at admission
[Based on linked admission and discharge data reported to TEDS by 47 States and jurisdictions.]
Characteristics at admission Type of service (percent distribution)
Total Outpatient Intensive
outpatient
Short-term
residential
Long-term
residential
Hospital
residential
Detox-
ification
Outpatient
med. asst.
opi. ther.1
Med.-asst.
opi. detox2
No. of discharges 1,622,662 688,703 194,943 187,401 138,068 5,543 328,444 62,328 17,232
Gender
Male  67.7  68.1  61.9  66.0  64.8  66.6  73.6  61.7  67.3
Female  32.3  31.9  38.1  34.0  35.2  33.4  26.4  38.3  32.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Age at admission
12 to 20 years  13.7  19.1  17.1  12.2  13.2   6.4   3.9   3.4   4.6
21 to 30 years  28.4  30.7  31.1  28.1  28.9  24.1  22.5  27.3  27.4
31 to 40 years  23.2  21.8  23.0  23.9  24.8  25.0  24.8  25.3  22.4
41 to 50 years  24.2  20.0  20.9  25.5  24.6  30.8  33.3  27.9  28.7
Over 50 years  10.4   8.4   7.9  10.3   8.4  13.7  15.4  16.2  16.9
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Race/ethnicity
White (non-Hispanic)  59.7  60.1  60.4  65.0  53.8  73.8  58.4  55.5  57.8
Black (non-Hispanic)  21.0  19.4  22.2  22.1  23.3  14.8  22.5  19.9  13.5
Hispanic origin  13.4  14.1  10.9   8.6  14.7   5.1  14.1  20.4  19.4
Other   6.0   6.4   6.5   4.3   8.1   6.2   5.0   4.2   9.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Primary substance
Alcohol  41.0  42.2  38.7  41.0  30.1  53.6  53.1   2.5  10.7
Opiates  19.3   8.2  12.4  17.5  17.1  18.2  30.9  93.8  86.4
Marijuana  16.6  25.1  23.1  13.3  13.9   7.3   2.0   1.1   0.3
Cocaine  12.1  11.1  14.7  18.0  20.4  12.0   8.5   1.1   0.9
Stimulants   8.2  10.1   8.5   7.1  16.2   4.7   3.2   0.3   0.4
Other/unknown   2.8   3.4   2.6   3.2   2.3   4.1   2.2   1.2   1.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Frequency of use
No use in the past month  29.3  44.2  41.0  13.7  36.1   8.7   2.1  15.1   2.1
Some use  32.7  39.6  36.6  34.4  32.3  24.7  19.9  14.9  10.2
Daily  38.0  16.2  22.4  51.9  31.6  66.6  78.0  70.0  87.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of prior treatment episodes
None  42.8  50.6  42.6  37.0  32.2  36.1  37.3  24.8  30.5
1 or more  57.2  49.4  57.4  63.0  67.8  63.9  62.7  75.2  69.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Treatment referral source
Criminal justice/DUI  37.5  56.2  45.4  23.9  38.5  15.1   9.2   6.1   2.5
Individual  33.3  18.6  22.8  32.0  25.2  40.7  64.0  73.6  80.1
Health care/community  29.2  25.3  31.8  44.1  36.3  44.2  26.8  20.3  17.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Employment status3
Employed  27.2  39.4  29.2  16.3   8.3  17.5  15.3  27.3  22.4
Unemployed/Not in labor force  72.8  60.6  70.8  83.7  91.7  82.5  84.7  72.7  77.6
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Years of education3
Fewer than 12 years  32.1  32.1  33.3  30.6  35.1  27.7  30.3  35.6  32.7
12 years (or GED)  43.8  43.9  42.6  41.8  42.2  45.2  45.9  43.9  46.9
More than 12 years  24.1  23.9  24.1  27.6  22.7  27.1  23.8  20.5  20.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1 Outpatient and intensive outpatient medication-assisted opioid therapy only.
2 Medication-assisted opioid detoxification (free-standing, hospital, and outpatient) only.
3 Includes only discharges aged 16 and above for employment status and aged 18 and older for years of education.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 5.06.10.

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