Table 5.6a
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and opioid replacement therapy: TEDS 1994-2004
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration and opioid replacement therapy 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Total heroin admissions 216,452 227,989 224,366 235,143 247,069 257,508 275,825 282,991 293,191 280,432 265,895
Usual route of administration
Injection 149,205 147,602 145,148 146,728 149,136 156,562 162,654 162,395 168,313 158,836 155,167
Inhalation 48,722 58,540 57,521 63,974 69,399 71,156 81,294 88,071 90,301 89,042 80,018
Smoking 4,002 4,673 5,145 5,976 6,138 7,097 7,314 6,683 6,695 6,462 5,751
Oral 2,283 2,460 2,413 2,666 3,121 3,329 4,339 5,073 5,046 5,378 4,329
Other 976 1,030 1,253 1,512 1,848 2,319 2,238 2,387 2,536 2,432 1,969
No. of admissions 205,188 214,305 211,480 220,856 229,642 240,463 257,839 264,609 272,891 262,150 247,234
Opioid replacement therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection 89,439 79,632 72,674 65,712 66,168 67,985 67,602 63,917 63,640 53,390 48,751
Inhalation 19,480 16,672 13,079 14,598 22,357 20,972 23,672 27,013 28,572 26,230 21,764
Smoking 1,994 2,287 2,522 2,834 2,893 3,442 3,345 2,543 2,536 2,309 2,076
Oral 495 414 467 445 558 548 654 788 895 979 1,189
Other 442 411 498 552 656 848 631 748 855 746 696
Any route of administration 111,850 99,416 89,240 84,141 92,632 93,795 95,904 95,009 96,498 83,654 74,476
1 Medication-assisted therapy with methadone or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 2.1.06.

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