Table 5.6b
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and opioid replacement therapy: TEDS 1994-2004
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration and opioid replacement therapy 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Usual route of administration
Injection  72.7  68.9  68.6  66.4  64.9  65.1  63.1  61.4  61.7  60.6  62.8
Inhalation  23.7  27.3  27.2  29.0  30.2  29.6  31.5  33.3  33.1  34.0  32.4
Smoking   2.0   2.2   2.4   2.7   2.7   3.0   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.3
Oral   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.4   1.4   1.7   1.9   1.8   2.1   1.8
Other   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.8   1.0   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.8
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Opioid replacement therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection  59.9  54.0  50.1  44.8  44.4  43.4  41.6  39.4  37.8  33.6  31.4
Inhalation  40.0  28.5  22.7  22.8  32.2  29.5  29.1  30.7  31.6  29.5  27.2
Smoking  49.8  48.9  49.0  47.4  47.1  48.5  45.7  38.1  37.9  35.7  36.1
Oral  21.7  16.8  19.4  16.7  17.9  16.5  15.1  15.5  17.7  18.2  27.5
Other  45.3  39.9  39.7  36.5  35.5  36.6  28.2  31.3  33.7  30.7  35.3
Total   54.5  46.4  42.2  38.1  40.3  39.0  37.2  35.9  35.4  31.9  30.1
1 Medication-assisted therapy with methadone or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 2.1.06.

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