Table 5.5a
Heroin admissions by selected route of administration, according to age group and characteristics of first treatment episode: TEDS 1992-2000
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2.]
Route of heroin administration, age group, and characteristics of first treatment episode1 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Total heroin admissions     168,321     192,816     212,311     220,972     216,810     221,520     230,560     238,426     243,523
Injection
Age group     123,430     135,096     146,922     144,037     141,278     139,785     140,920     147,039     145,735
Under 20 years            991         1,014         1,246         1,677         2,378         3,376         4,331         4,347         4,385
20 to 29 years       24,566       24,573       24,814       24,572       25,484       27,699       30,324       33,363       34,536
30 to 39 years       60,521       63,547       65,272       60,545       56,489       51,873       48,673       48,441       46,132
40 years and over       37,352       45,962       55,590       57,243       56,927       56,837       57,592       60,888       60,682
First treatment episode (%)           20.4           19.7           18.2           18.5           18.7           18.3           18.7           19.7           19.5
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 13.9 yrs 14.1 yrs 14.2 yrs 14.2 yrs 14.1 yrs 13.6 yrs 13.5 yrs 14.1 yrs 12.8 yrs
Inhalation
Age group       31,384       40,988       46,701       55,187       53,958       57,860       61,610       62,233       67,503
Under 20 years         1,195         1,308         1,287         1,689         1,602         2,218         2,378         2,304         2,047
20 to 29 years       12,986       15,851       16,989       19,150       16,770       16,824       16,802       15,806       15,529
30 to 39 years       12,803       17,101       19,632       23,211       23,293       24,550       25,597       26,251       28,636
40 years and over         4,400         6,728         8,793       11,137       12,293       14,268       16,833       17,872       21,291
First treatment episode (%)           40.1           37.7           31.6           33.0           29.5           27.8           25.7           24.6           25.9
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8.3 yrs 8.4 yrs 9.2 yrs 8.9 yrs 9.3 yrs 9.2 yrs 9.6 yrs 9.9 yrs 11.0 yrs
Smoking
Age group         2,291         3,024         3,909         4,494         4,954         5,570         5,783         6,743         6,821
Under 20 years              87            117            174            251            327            361            398            535            497
20 to 29 years            836            971         1,217         1,436         1,573         1,795         1,937         2,404         2,250
30 to 39 years            996         1,359         1,674         1,860         1,851         2,010         2,003         2,154         2,212
40 years and over            372            577            844            947         1,203         1,404         1,445         1,650         1,862
First treatment episode (%)           32.6           32.6           28.1           27.8           30.1           29.5           28.5           29.3           29.8
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8.8 yrs 9.1 yrs 8.6 yrs 8.6 yrs 7.6 yrs 7.7 yrs 7.9 yrs 8.2 yrs 10.8 yrs
1 Route of administration and/or age group were not reported for all admissions.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) - 4.1.02.