Table 5.4b
Heroin admissions by route of administration and planned use of methadone: TEDS 1992-2001
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2.]
Route of heroin administration and planned use of methadone 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Route of administration
Injection   77.0   74.2   73.2   69.6   69.4   66.4   65.0   65.1   63.1   61.5
Inhalation   19.6   22.5   23.3   26.7   26.5   29.0   30.2   29.6   31.5   33.1
Smoking    1.4    1.7    1.9    2.2    2.4    2.7    2.7    3.0    2.8    2.5
Oral    1.3    1.1    1.1    1.1    1.1    1.2    1.4    1.4    1.7    2.0
Other    0.7    0.6    0.5    0.5    0.6    0.7    0.8    1.0    0.9    0.9
Total   100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0
Methadone use planned as part of treatment,
by route of administration
Injection   62.1   60.9   61.2   55.3   51.4   44.8   44.3   43.3   41.5   39.3
Inhalation   46.9   45.0   43.5   30.5   24.2   22.8   32.0   29.3   28.9   30.5
Smoking   44.0   47.0   51.7   50.8   50.8   47.4   47.0   48.4   45.8   38.1
Oral   18.0   19.1   22.7   18.0   20.4   16.7   17.8   16.9   16.0   15.9
Other   48.5   42.6   46.1   40.4   40.3   36.5   35.5   36.5   27.4   29.9
Total    58.2   56.5   56.4   48.1   43.8   38.1   40.2   38.9   37.1   35.8
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) - 5.31.03.