Table 5.5a
Heroin admissions by selected route of administration, according to age group and characteristics of first treatment episode: TEDS 1992-2001
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2.]
Route of heroin administration, age group, and characteristics of first treatment episode1 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Total heroin admissions 168,321 192,816 212,311 220,972 216,810 235,143 246,655 257,264 272,452 275,672
Injection
Age group 123,430 135,096 146,922 144,037 141,278 146,558 148,708 156,070 160,297 158,027
Under 20 years     991   1,014   1,246   1,677   2,378   3,576   4,630   4,673   4,846   4,673
20 to 29 years  24,566  24,573  24,814  24,572  25,484  29,256  32,226  35,816  38,377  41,886
30 to 39 years  60,521  63,547  65,272  60,545  56,489  54,515  51,610  51,740  51,109  48,914
40 years and over  37,352  45,962  55,590  57,243  56,927  59,211  60,242  63,841  65,965  62,554
First treatment episode (%)  20.4  19.7  18.2  18.5  18.7  18.3  18.7  19.6  19.4  18.8
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 13.9 yrs 14.1 yrs 14.2 yrs 14.2 yrs 14.1 yrs 13.6 yrs 13.5 yrs 14.1 yrs 12.9 yrs 12.3 yrs
Inhalation
Age group 31,384 40,988 46,701 55,187 53,958 63,910 69,136 70,995 80,087 85,121
Under 20 years  1,195  1,308  1,287  1,689  1,602  2,359  2,579  2,523  2,288  2,159
20 to 29 years 12,986 15,851 16,989 19,150 16,770 18,233 18,438 17,696 18,052 17,995
30 to 39 years 12,803 17,101 19,632 23,211 23,293 27,292 28,924 30,070 34,019 35,692
40 years and over  4,400  6,728  8,793 11,137 12,293 16,026 19,195 20,706 25,728 29,275
First treatment episode (%)  40.1  37.7  31.6  33.0  29.5  27.8  25.7  24.5  25.8  25.7
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8.3 yrs 8.4 yrs 9.2 yrs 8.9 yrs 9.3 yrs 9.2 yrs 9.6 yrs 9.9 yrs 11.1 yrs 11.6 yrs
Smoking
Age group 2,291 3,024 3,909 4,494 4,954 5,963 6,117 7,071 7,241 6,516
Under 20 years    87   117   174   251   327   366   412   542   512   374
20 to 29 years   836   971 1,217 1,436 1,573 1,852 2,005 2,467 2,331 2,015
30 to 39 years   996 1,359 1,674 1,860 1,851 2,205 2,138 2,296 2,380 2,047
40 years and over   372   577   844   947 1,203 1,540 1,562 1,766 2,018 2,080
First treatment episode (%)  32.6  32.6  28.1  27.8  30.1  29.5  28.5  29.2  29.4  31.2
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8.8 yrs 9.1 yrs 8.6 yrs 8.6 yrs 7.6 yrs 7.7 yrs 7.9 yrs 8.2 yrs 11.0 yrs 10.9 yrs
1 Route of administration and/or age group were not reported for all admissions.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) - 5.31.03.