Table 5.6a
Heroin admissions by selected route of administration, according to age group and characteristics of first treatment episode: TEDS 1992-2002
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2.]
Route of heroin administration, age group, and characteristics of first treatment episode1 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Total heroin admissions 170,370 195,865 216,452 227,989 224,366 235,143 247,069 257,340 273,446 277,911 285,667
Injection
Age group 124,600 136,624 148,956 147,424 144,986 146,558 148,992 156,262 161,126 159,528 164,028
Under 20 years     988   1,020   1,247   1,705   2,438   3,576   4,636   4,684   4,875   4,719   4,745
20 to 29 years  24,780  24,802  25,125  25,163  26,289  29,256  32,255  35,796  38,527  42,261  45,616
30 to 39 years  61,024  64,241  66,147  61,956  57,975  54,515  51,676  51,775  51,267  49,181  47,985
40 years and over  37,808  46,561  56,437  58,600  58,284  59,211  60,425  64,007  66,457  63,367  65,682
First treatment episode (%)  20.3  19.7  18.2  18.4  18.7  18.3  18.7  19.5  19.4  18.9  19.9
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 13 yrs 12 yrs 12 yrs
Inhalation
Age group  32,158  42,366  48,639  58,476  57,480  63,910  69,324  71,050  80,466  85,978  87,262
Under 20 years   1,205   1,316   1,300   1,734   1,646   2,359   2,581   2,521   2,295   2,178   2,130
20 to 29 years  13,253  16,237  17,467  19,988  17,593  18,233  18,442  17,654  18,112  18,141  17,333
30 to 39 years  13,175  17,774  20,560  24,767  24,930  27,292  28,949  30,074  34,113  35,885  34,887
40 years and over   4,525   7,039   9,312  11,987  13,311  16,026  19,352  20,801  25,946  29,774  32,912
First treatment episode (%)  40.1  37.6  31.4  33.1  29.5  27.8  25.7  24.4  25.8  25.8  25.7
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8 yrs 8 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 10 yrs 10 yrs 11 yrs 12 yrs 12 yrs
Smoking
Age group   2,335   3,101   3,993   4,661   5,133   5,963   6,129   7,074   7,261   6,587   6,526
Under 20 years      88     117     174     258     330     366     412     543     512     380     334
20 to 29 years     845     988   1,237   1,472   1,615   1,852   2,007   2,467   2,339   2,042   2,091
30 to 39 years   1,021   1,400   1,718   1,936   1,940   2,205   2,142   2,298   2,383   2,058   2,050
40 years and over     381     596     864     995   1,248   1,540   1,568   1,766   2,027   2,107   2,051
First treatment episode (%)  32.7  32.6  28.0  27.8  30.1  29.5  28.5  29.2  29.4  31.2  32.4
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 9 yrs 9 yrs 8 yrs 9 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 11 yrs 11 yrs 11 yrs
1 Route of administration and/or age group were not reported for all admissions.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) - 3.01.04.