Table 5.6a
Heroin admissions by route of administration and planned use of opioid treatment:1 TEDS 1993-2003
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Route of heroin administration
and planned use of opioid
treatment
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Total heroin admissions 195,865 216,452 227,989 224,366 235,143 247,069 257,508 273,952 278,693 289,056 272,782
Route of administration
Injection 136,974 149,205 147,602 145,148 146,728 149,136 156,562 161,614 160,214 166,045 154,990
Inhalation 42,481 48,722 58,540 57,521 63,974 69,399 71,156 80,615 86,234 88,655 85,720
Smoking 3,111 4,002 4,673 5,145 5,976 6,138 7,097 7,284 6,605 6,635 6,322
Oral 2,046 2,283 2,460 2,413 2,666 3,121 3,329 4,280 4,993 4,981 5,199
Other 1,053 976 1,030 1,253 1,512 1,848 2,319 2,187 2,271 2,457 2,313
No. of admissions 185,665 205,188 214,305 211,480 220,856 229,642 240,463 255,980 260,317 268,773 254,544
Planned use of opioid treatment,1
by route of heroin administration
Injection 81,861 89,439 79,632 72,674 65,712 66,168 67,985 67,308 63,209 63,273 52,484
Inhalation 17,817 19,480 16,672 13,079 14,598 22,357 20,972 23,494 26,581 28,393 25,459
Smoking 1,387 1,994 2,287 2,522 2,834 2,893 3,442 3,340 2,520 2,529 2,287
Oral 371 495 414 467 445 558 548 646 774 882 956
Other 427 442 411 498 552 656 848 604 684 818 678
Any route of administration 101,863 111,850 99,416 89,240 84,141 92,632 93,795 95,392 93,768 95,895 81,864
1 Treatment with the medications methadone, LAAM, or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 4.11.05.