Table 5.6b
Heroin admissions by route of administration and planned use of opioid treatment: TEDS 1993-2003
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Route of heroin administration
and planned use of opioid
treatment
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Route of administration
Injection  73.8  72.7  68.9  68.6  66.4  64.9  65.1  63.1  61.5  61.8  60.9
Inhalation  22.9  23.7  27.3  27.2  29.0  30.2  29.6  31.5  33.1  33.0  33.7
Smoking   1.7   2.0   2.2   2.4   2.7   2.7   3.0   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5
Oral   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.4   1.4   1.7   1.9   1.9   2.0
Other   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.8   1.0   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.9
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Planned use of opioid treatment,1
by route of heroin administration
Injection  59.8  59.9  54.0  50.1  44.8  44.4  43.4  41.6  39.5  38.1  33.9
Inhalation  41.9  40.0  28.5  22.7  22.8  32.2  29.5  29.1  30.8  32.0  29.7
Smoking  44.6  49.8  48.9  49.0  47.4  47.1  48.5  45.9  38.2  38.1  36.2
Oral  18.1  21.7  16.8  19.4  16.7  17.9  16.5  15.1  15.5  17.7  18.4
Other  40.6  45.3  39.9  39.7  36.5  35.5  36.6  27.6  30.1  33.3  29.3
Total   54.9  54.5  46.4  42.2  38.1  40.3  39.0  37.3  36.0  35.7  32.2
1 Treatment with the medications methadone, LAAM, or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 4.11.05.