Table 5.7a
Heroin admissions by selected route of administration, according to age group and characteristics of first treatment episode: TEDS 1993-2003
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Route of heroin
administration, age group,
and characteristics of first
treatment episode1
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Total heroin admissions 195,865 216,452 227,989 224,366 235,143 247,069 257,508 273,952 278,693 289,056 272,782
Injection
Age group 136,624 148,956 147,424 144,986 146,558 148,992 156,380 161,494 160,058 165,855 154,845
Under 20 years 1,020 1,247 1,705 2,438 3,576 4,636 4,681 4,881 4,724 4,799 4,521
20 to 29 years 24,802 25,125 25,163 26,289 29,256 32,255 35,806 38,597 42,365 46,099 45,497
30 to 39 years 64,241 66,147 61,956 57,975 54,515 51,676 51,816 51,348 49,327 48,456 43,556
40 years and over 46,561 56,437 58,600 58,284 59,211 60,425 64,077 66,668 63,642 66,501 61,271
First treatment episode (%) 19.7 18.2 18.4 18.7 18.3 18.7 19.5 19.4 18.9 20.0 19.5
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 14 yrs 13 yrs 12 yrs 12 yrs 12 yrs
Inhalation
Age group 42,366 48,639 58,476 57,480 63,910 69,324 71,091 80,550 86,168 88,541 85,643
Under 20 years 1,316 1,300 1,734 1,646 2,359 2,581 2,523 2,298 2,180 2,151 2,019
20 to 29 years 16,237 17,467 19,988 17,593 18,233 18,442 17,661 18,123 18,182 17,584 15,782
30 to 39 years 17,774 20,560 24,767 24,930 27,292 28,949 30,088 34,144 35,958 35,412 32,490
40 years and over 7,039 9,312 11,987 13,311 16,026 19,352 20,819 25,985 29,848 33,394 35,352
First treatment episode (%) 37.6 31.4 33.1 29.5 27.8 25.7 24.4 25.8 25.8 25.8 24.7
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 8 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 9 yrs 10 yrs 10 yrs 11 yrs 12 yrs 12 yrs 13 yrs
Smoking
Age group 3,101 3,993 4,661 5,133 5,963 6,129 7,077 7,279 6,601 6,624 6,316
Under 20 years 117 174 258 330 366 412 543 514 380 339 337
20 to 29 years 988 1,237 1,472 1,615 1,852 2,007 2,466 2,345 2,045 2,118 1,991
30 to 39 years 1,400 1,718 1,936 1,940 2,205 2,142 2,297 2,387 2,063 2,089 1,905
40 years and over 596 864 995 1,248 1,540 1,568 1,771 2,033 2,113 2,078 2,083
First treatment episode (%) 32.6 28.0 27.8 30.1 29.5 28.5 29.1 29.4 31.3 32.6 31.3
Avg. years of use for clients in 1st treatment episode 9 yrs 8 yrs 9 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrs 11 yrs 11 yrs 11 yrs 12 yrs
1 Route of administration and/or age group were not reported for all admissions.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 4.11.05.