Table 4
Admissions by primary substance of abuse, according to type of service, source of referral to treatment, and opioid treatment: TEDS 2004
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions.]
Type of service, source of referral to treatment, and opioid treatment All admis-
sions
Primary substance at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Stimulants Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
PCP Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amine
Other
stimu-
lants
Total  1,875,026 416,510 336,954 265,895 63,243 184,949 71,438 298,317 150,402 1,007 8,558 4,487 2,408 3,272 1,209 66,377
Type of service                
Ambulatory  62.5  59.1  58.6  51.3  56.8  52.4  63.3  83.5  65.0  68.4  49.0  59.1  71.9  70.6  68.2  81.3
Outpatient  50.2  49.2  47.6  37.4  42.1  39.0  47.9  68.3  51.7  59.0  37.0  46.9  60.1  58.9  56.2  76.9
Intensive outpatient  10.6   9.3  10.5   5.3  11.3  13.0  14.9  14.8  13.2   8.7  10.9  10.6  11.3  11.7  11.0   3.8
Detoxification   1.7   0.6   0.4   8.6   3.4   0.4   0.5   0.4   0.2   0.7   1.1   1.6   0.5      *   0.9   0.6
Rehabilitation/residential  17.3  11.4  19.0  15.6  17.3  28.4  26.2  13.9  25.3  18.6  18.0  20.8  20.3  24.4  18.4   8.6
Short-term (<31 days)   8.3   6.4  10.8   6.6  10.5  12.9  11.9   5.8   9.8   7.2   9.9  12.3   8.7   7.4   8.7   2.4
Long-term (31+ days)   8.0   3.9   7.2   7.6   5.4  14.7  12.7   7.6  14.9   9.5   5.9   7.2  11.0  16.4   8.7   4.5
Hospital (non-detox)   1.0   1.1   1.1   1.4   1.5   0.7   1.5   0.5   0.6   1.8   2.2   1.3   0.7   0.7   1.1   1.7
Detoxification
(24-hour service)
 20.2  29.5  22.4  33.1  25.9  19.2  10.5   2.6   9.7  13.0  33.0  20.1   7.7   5.0  13.4  10.2
Free-standing residential  16.0  24.5  16.7  22.8  20.6  17.4   9.1   2.4   9.4  11.8  19.6  15.2   6.5   4.3  12.7   7.4
Hospital inpatient   4.2   5.0   5.7  10.3   5.3   1.8   1.5   0.1   0.2   1.2  13.5   4.8   1.2   0.6   0.7   2.8
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,875,026 416,510 336,954 265,895 63,243 184,949 71,438 298,317 150,402 1,007 8,558 4,487 2,408 3,272 1,209 66,377
Source of referral to treatment                
Criminal justice/DUI  36.3  41.6  35.0  14.5  16.1  26.8  34.3  57.0  50.4  38.4  19.6  27.0  49.5  58.9  28.1  19.9
Individual  33.7  29.4  30.9  57.8  49.8  37.8  31.8  16.3  24.5  31.3  39.6  35.8  24.2  19.5  32.4  53.0
Substance abuse provider  10.7   9.1  13.3  16.2  14.5  15.3  12.9   5.5   5.1   8.8  17.2  12.9   8.5   7.6   8.4   2.2
Other health care provider   6.9   8.5   7.7   4.9  10.1   7.6   6.9   4.7   4.6   8.0  13.7  10.2   5.2   2.7  11.8   8.9
School (educational)   1.2   0.7   0.9   0.1   0.3   0.1   0.4   4.1   0.4   2.2   0.8   1.3   1.5   0.1   7.6   3.5
Employer/EAP   0.9   1.3   1.0   0.3   1.1   0.7   1.8   1.2   0.4   0.8   0.8   1.4   0.4   0.6   0.7   0.5
Other community referral  10.4   9.4  11.3   6.3   8.1  11.6  11.9  11.2  14.6  10.5   8.2  11.4  10.7  10.6  10.9  11.9
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,809,407 404,574 325,665 258,776 61,241 178,777 68,268 288,179 144,552   982 8,280 4,247 2,327 3,169 1,169 59,201
Opioid treatment1                
Yes   5.6   0.3   0.3  30.6  18.5   0.4   0.7   0.4   0.3   0.7   1.6   1.3   2.1   0.6   1.9   2.0
No  94.4  99.7  99.7  69.4  81.5  99.6  99.3  99.6  99.7  99.3  98.4  98.7  97.9  99.4  98.1  98.0
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,694,118 384,763 302,313 257,193 56,876 169,156 66,257 269,381 132,568   895 7,673 4,081 2,055 3,137 1,081 36,689
1 Treatment with the medications methadone or buprenorphine.
* Less than 0.05 percent.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 2.1.06. 
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