Table 2.7
Year 2005 discharges, by client characteristic and type of service: TEDS 2005
Percent distribution
[Based on linked admission and discharge data reported to TEDS by 34 States and jurisdictions. Comparisons among States should be made with caution; see Chapter 1.]
Client characteristic No. of dis-
charges
Total Percent distribution
Type of service
Out-
patient
Inten-
sive
out-
patient
Short-
term
resi-
dential
Long-
term
resi-
dential
Hospi-
tal
resi-
dential
Detox-
ifica-
tion
Out-
patient
opioid
replace-
ment
therapy
Opioid
replace-
ment
detox-
ifica-
tion
Gender    
Male   938,558  68.5  67.7  59.8  68.2  65.0  63.3  76.0  62.6  71.1
Female   431,874  31.5  32.3  40.2  31.8  35.0  36.7  24.0  37.4  28.9
1,370,432 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Age at admission    
Under 21 years   189,087  13.8  19.9  18.0  10.9  14.0  15.3   4.2   2.9   2.7
21 to 30 years   357,214  26.1  28.8  27.9  25.5  27.6  21.7  21.1  21.4  20.4
31 to 40 years   369,032  26.9  24.5  26.4  28.7  29.4  25.2  29.6  30.3  28.3
41 to 50 years   337,346  24.6  20.0  21.4  26.6  23.2  27.1  32.5  32.2  33.7
Over 50 years   116,968   8.5   6.8   6.3   8.3   5.8  10.7  12.6  13.2  15.0
1,369,647 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Race/ethnicity    
White (non-Hispanic)   765,240  56.1  58.2  59.2  61.1  50.7  71.1  52.4  46.9  51.1
Black (non-Hispanic)   321,381  23.6  21.8  26.1  24.0  26.4  13.9  24.1  26.0  25.8
Hispanic origin   207,366  15.2  14.7   9.5  11.0  16.3   8.6  18.6  23.6  18.9
Other    69,035   5.1   5.2   5.2   3.8   6.6   6.3   5.0   3.4   4.1
1,363,022 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Primary substance    
Alcohol   534,548  39.0  38.6  35.9  40.1  25.7  43.5  52.8   2.6  18.8
Opiates   249,929  18.2   7.4  10.4  15.4  16.0  14.3  28.3  93.7  67.3
Cocaine   192,690  14.1  12.7  18.2  22.5  23.6  14.6  10.2   1.4   8.9
Marijuana/hashish   205,313  15.0  23.5  22.3  10.2  13.0  12.3   1.9   1.0   1.1
Stimulants   136,838  10.0  12.1  11.0   9.3  19.8  10.9   4.2   0.7   2.9
Other/unknown    51,398   3.7   5.7   2.2   2.5   1.9   4.5   2.6   0.6   1.0
1,370,716 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Frequency of use    
No use in the past month   337,585  25.6  40.8  33.2  14.3  29.0  11.4   2.3  10.8   1.1
1-3 times in the past month   150,209  11.4  17.1  13.4   6.1   7.9   6.3   5.7   3.2   1.9
1-2 times per week   113,296   8.6  10.9  10.1   7.2   7.2   6.4   6.4   2.5   2.3
3-6 times per week   156,237  11.9  11.1  14.9  17.2  13.5  15.1  10.6   5.5   5.5
Daily   559,998  42.5  20.2  28.5  55.2  42.3  60.8  74.9  77.9  89.2
1,317,325 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Age at first use    
12 years and under   149,880  13.2  13.8  14.4  13.7  15.1  13.0  12.3   3.8   9.7
13 to 14 years   187,299  16.5  18.4  18.5  16.1  17.8  17.9  13.8   7.3  10.9
15 to 17 years   328,491  28.9  31.7  28.6  26.3  25.6  29.1  27.8  21.4  23.7
18 to 21 years   234,533  20.6  20.1  18.5  19.7  18.6  19.3  22.7  26.2  21.8
Over 21 years   236,094  20.8  16.0  20.1  24.2  22.8  20.7  23.3  41.4  33.9
1,136,297 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of prior treatment episodes    
None   507,410  44.7  53.3  41.8  38.1  36.1  33.0  40.3  23.4  28.8
1 prior treatment episode   252,015  22.2  23.2  23.8  24.3  24.6  23.6  16.8  21.5  20.7
2 prior treatment episodes   137,143  12.1  10.7  13.6  13.9  14.3  14.9  11.1  17.9  13.6
3 prior treatment episodes    76,937   6.8   5.1   7.4   8.3   8.4   8.5   7.1  11.6  13.3
4 prior treatment episodes    43,110   3.8   2.5   4.3   4.6   4.8   5.5   4.7   6.9   5.4
5 or more prior treatment episodes   117,616  10.4   5.2   9.2  10.8  11.8  14.6  20.0  18.7  18.1
1,134,231 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Treatment referral source    
Self- or individual   456,580  34.4  22.1  27.1  29.7  27.8  46.7  57.2  70.9  62.8
Criminal justice/DUI   461,133  34.8  52.5  38.1  20.3  36.0  16.7  12.3   6.7   5.0
Alcohol/drug abuse care provider   151,692  11.4   6.4  10.6  29.9  20.7  10.7   9.9  13.6  11.7
Other health care provider    91,148   6.9   5.0   6.6   9.3   5.5  14.4   9.5   4.7  17.5
Other community referral   165,626  12.5  14.0  17.6  10.7  10.0  11.4  11.1   4.1   2.9
1,326,179 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Employed status    
Employed   351,582  27.3  38.6  28.5  17.6   8.7  23.8  17.7  26.4  29.1
Full time   260,395  20.2  28.3  21.0  14.1   6.2  18.2  13.5  19.1  20.2
Part time    91,187   7.1  10.3   7.5   3.5   2.5   5.6   4.2   7.3   8.8
Unemployed   367,313  28.5  29.0  29.8  24.5  27.2  43.0  28.9  27.3  31.1
Not in labor force   569,334  44.2  32.4  41.7  57.9  64.1  33.2  53.4  46.3  39.9
1,288,229 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Years of education    
Fewer than 12 years   419,708  33.9  34.4  34.1  30.7  36.9  26.4  32.7  37.9  36.1
12 years (or GED)   545,502  44.1  43.9  43.2  43.5  42.6  42.2  45.6  43.6  45.3
More than 12 years   271,155  21.9  21.7  22.7  25.8  20.5  31.4  21.7  18.5  18.6
  1,236,365 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.03.06.

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