Table 2.8a
Odds ratios for client characteristics associated with treatment completion or transfer to further treatment: TEDS 2005
Univariate logistic regression
[Based on linked admissions and discharge data reported to TEDS by 34 States and jurisdictions.]
Variable Odds ratio (95% CI) & p-value
All discharges Type of service
Outpatient Intensive
outpatient
Short-term
residential
Long-term
residential
Hospital
residential
Detoxification Outpatient
opioid
replacement1
Opioid
replacement
detoxification1
Gender (Male vs. Female) 1.148**** 1.089**** 1.243**** 1.097**** 0.956*** 1.246*** 0.978* 0.765**** 0.841****
(1.140-1.157) (1.078-1.101) (1.216-1.271) (1.068-1.126) (0.933-0.979) (1.101-1.409) (0.959-0.997) (0.734-0.798) (0.785-0.901)
Age at admission (Over age 40 vs. 40 years & younger) 1.358**** 1.112**** 1.167**** 1.534**** 1.349**** 1.203** 1.382**** ns ns
(1.348-1.368) (1.099-1.125) (1.139-1.195) (1.493-1.576) (1.315-1.383) (1.059-1.365) (1.359-1.405)
Race/ethnicity (Non-Hispanic White vs. All other) 1.188**** 1.355**** 1.375**** 1.175**** 1.334**** 1.327**** 0.828**** ns 1.217****
(1.180-1.196) (1.341-1.370) (1.345-1.405) (1.146-1.205) (1.303-1.365) (1.166-1.509) (0.814-0.842) (1.142-1.297)
Primary substance (Alcohol vs. Other substances) 1.892**** 1.671**** 1.564**** 1.714**** 1.450**** 1.725**** 1.556****    
(1.878-1.905) (1.653-1.688) (1.529-1.600) (1.669-1.759) (1.412-1.489) (1.519-1.959) (1.531-1.582)
Frequency of use (Less than daily use vs. Daily use) 0.862**** 1.306**** 1.244**** 1.242**** 1.155**** ns 2.115**** 1.366**** 1.223**
(0.856-0.868) (1.289-1.323) (1.214-1.274) (1.211-1.275) (1.126-1.181) (2.067-2.164) (1.297-1.440) (1.078-1.387)
Age at 1st use (Less than age 18 vs. Age 18 & over) 1.027**** 0.985* 1.215**** 1.068**** 1.097**** 1.257*** 1.120**** ns ns
(1.020-1.035) (0.974-0.997) (1.187-1.243) (1.041-1.096) (1.066-1.128 (1.105-1.429) (1.101-1.140)
Prior treatment (No prior tx vs. Prior tx) 1.118**** 1.253**** 1.120**** 0.867**** 1.192**** 1.361**** 1.140**** 1.228**** 1.299****
(1.110-1.127) (1.239-1.267) (1.095-1.146) (0.843-0.891) (1.162-1.222) (1.179-1.571) (1.116-1.164) (1.167-1.292) (1.210-1.394)
Referral source (Criminal justice referral vs. Other) 1.014*** 1.660**** 1.366**** 1.312**** 1.155**** 1.298** 0.902**** 0.877** 2.130****
(1.007-1.021) (1.643-1.677) (1.335-1.397) (1.269-1.356) (1.127-1.183) (1.089-1.548) (0.879-0.924) (0.797-0.966) (1.813-2.503)
Employment status (Employed full or part time vs. Unemployed or Not in labor force) 1.174**** 1.520**** 1.542**** 1.653**** 2.010**** 1.782**** 1.206**** ns ns
(1.165-1.183) (1.504-1.537) (1.504-1.581) (1.594-1.714) (1.923-2.100) (1.508-2.107) (1.179-1.234)
Education (12 years or more of education vs. Fewer than 12) 1.278**** 1.209**** 1.287**** 1.379**** 1.270**** ns 1.034*** 1.123**** 1.206****
(1.269-1.287) (1.197-1.222) (1.259-1.315) (1.343-1.415) (1.241-1.300) (1.016-1.053) (1.076-1.171) (1.128-1.290)
1 Opiate discharges only.
ns  Not statistically significant (p > 0.05).
****  p < 0.0001; ***  p < 0.001; **  p < 0.01; *  p < 0.05
NOTE: Grey rectangle indicates that the variable was not entered in a univariate model.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.03.06.

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