Table 5.6a
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and medication-assisted opioid therapy:1 TEDS 1996-2006
Number
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration
and medication-assisted
opioid therapy1
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Total heroin admissions 224,366 235,143 247,069 257,508 270,417 277,696 286,219 273,963 264,466 256,751 245,984
Usual route of administration
Injection 145,148 146,728 149,136 156,562 158,197 158,295 163,673 154,428 153,219 160,130 156,567
Inhalation 57,521 63,974 69,399 71,156 80,690 87,116 88,354 87,269 80,567 84,037 78,131
Smoking 5,145 5,976 6,138 7,097 7,185 6,600 6,525 6,366 5,743 5,646 5,392
Oral 2,413 2,666 3,121 3,329 4,254 5,006 4,994 5,342 4,361 3,216 2,861
Other 1,253 1,512 1,848 2,319 2,265 2,357 2,387 2,275 1,916 1,639 1,419
No. of admissions 211,480 220,856 229,642 240,463 252,591 259,374 265,933 255,680 245,806 254,668 244,370
Medication-assisted opioid therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection 72,674 65,712 66,168 67,985 66,883 63,842 63,239 53,436 49,458 48,624 45,276
Inhalation 13,079 14,598 22,357 20,972 23,455 26,971 28,372 26,286 22,545 23,947 21,916
Smoking 2,522 2,834 2,893 3,442 3,333 2,550 2,516 2,320 2,105 1,949 1,671
Oral 467 445 558 548 653 790 907 981 1,218 732 536
Other 498 552 656 848 639 744 782 723 680 491 506
Any route of administration 89,240 84,141 92,632 93,795 94,963 94,897 95,816 83,746 76,006 75,743 69,905
1 Opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.9.07.

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