Table 5.6b
Heroin admissions by usual route of administration and medication-assisted opioid therapy:1 TEDS 1996-2006
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration
 and medication-assisted
opioid therapy1
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Usual route of administration
Injection  68.6  66.4  64.9  65.1  62.6  61.0  61.5  60.4  62.3  62.9  64.1
Inhalation  27.2  29.0  30.2  29.6  31.9  33.6  33.2  34.1  32.8  33.0  32.0
Smoking   2.4   2.7   2.7   3.0   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.3   2.2   2.2
Oral   1.1   1.2   1.4   1.4   1.7   1.9   1.9   2.1   1.8   1.3   1.2
Other   0.6   0.7   0.8   1.0   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.8   0.6   0.6
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Medication-assisted opioid therapy,1
by usual route of administration
Injection  50.1  44.8  44.4  43.4  42.3  40.3  38.6  34.6  32.3  30.4  28.9
Inhalation  22.7  22.8  32.2  29.5  29.1  31.0  32.1  30.1  28.0  28.5  28.1
Smoking  49.0  47.4  47.1  48.5  46.4  38.6  38.6  36.4  36.7  34.5  31.0
Oral  19.4  16.7  17.9  16.5  15.4  15.8  18.2  18.4  27.9  22.8  18.7
Other  39.7  36.5  35.5  36.6  28.2  31.6  32.8  31.8  35.5  30.0  35.7
Total   42.2  38.1  40.3  39.0  37.6  36.6  36.0  32.8  30.9  29.7  28.6
1 Medication-assisted opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.9.07.

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