TEDS Data Elements
TEDS Minimum Data Set
A client is a person who meets all of the following criteria:
- Has an alcohol or drug related problem
- Has completed the screening and intake process
- Has been formally admitted for treatment or recovery service in an alcohol or drug treatment unit
- Has his or her own client record
A person is not a client if he or she has completed only a screening or intake process or has been placed on a waiting list.
Identifies whether a record is for an admission or a transfer/change in service.
- Transfer/change in service
GUIDELINES: For TEDS, a treatment episode is defined as that period of service between the
beginning of treatment for a drug or alcohol problem and the termination of services for the prescribed treatment plan. The episode includes one admission (when services begin), and at least one discharge (when services end). Within a treatment episode, a client may transfer to a different service, facility, provider, program, or location. When it is feasible for the State to identify transfers, they should be reported as Transfers in admissions data submissions. Each Admission and Transfer record should have an associated Discharge record. When admissions and transfers cannot be differentiated in a State data system, such changes in service should be reported to TEDS as admissions.
DATE OF ADMISSION
The day when the client receives his/her first direct treatment or recovery service. For transfers, this is the day when the client receivers his/her first direct treatment after the transfer has occurred.
TYPE OF SERVICE AT ADMISSION
Describes the type of service the client receives.
- Detoxification, 24-hour service, hospital inpatient—24-hour per day medical acute care services in a hospital setting for detoxification of persons with severe medical complications associated with withdrawal
- Detoxification, 24-hour service, free-standing residential—24-hour per day services in a non-hospital setting providing for safe withdrawal and transition to ongoing treatment
- Rehabilitation/residential, hospital (other than detoxification)—24-hour per day medical care in a hospital facility in conjunction with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and dependency
- Rehabilitation/residential, short-term (30 days or fewer)—Typically, 30 days or fewer of non-acute care in a setting with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and
- Rehabilitation/residential, long-term (more than 30 days)—Typically, more than 30 days of non-acute care in a setting with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and dependency; this may include transitional living arrangements such as halfway houses
Ambulatory, intensive outpatient—As a minimum, the client must receive treatment for two or more hours per day on three or more days per week
- Ambulatory, non-intensive outpatient—Ambulatory treatment services including individual, family, and/or group services, and may include pharmacological therapies
- Ambulatory, detoxification—Outpatient treatment services providing for safe withdrawal in an ambulatory setting (pharmacological or non-pharmacological)
Identifies client’s age at admission. Derived from client’s date of birth and date of admission.
- 0 Indicates a newborn with a substance dependency problem
- 1-96 Indicates the age at admission
Identifies client’s sex.
Specifies the client’s race.
- Alaska Native (Aleut, Eskimo, Indian)—Origins in any of the original people of Alaska
- American Indian (other than Alaska Native)—Origins in any of the original people of North America and South America (including Central America) and who maintain cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community attachment
- Asian or Pacific Islander—Origins in any of the original people of the Far East, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, or the Pacific Islands
- Asian—Origins in any of the original people of the Far East, the Indian subcontinent, or Southeast Asia, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam
- Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander—Origins in any of the original people of
Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands
- Black or African American—Origins in any of the original people of sub-Saharan Africa
- White—Origins in any of the original people of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East
- Other single race—Client is not classified in any category above or client’s origin group,
because of area custom, is regarded as a racial class distinct from the above categories
- Two or more races—For use when the State data system allows multiple race selection and more than one race is indicated
GUIDELINES: If the State does not distinguish between American Indian and Alaska Native, both should be coded as American Indian. If a State does not distinguish between Asian and Native
Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, both should be coded as Asian or Pacific Islander. For States that collect multiple races: a) when a single race is designated, the specific race code should be used;
b) if the State collects a primary or preferred race along with additional races, the primary/preferred race code should be used; c) if the State uses a system such as an algorithm to select a single race when multiple races have been designated, use the same system to determine the race code for TEDS. When two or more races have been designated and neither (b) nor (c) above apply, the TEDS code for Two or more races should be used.
Specifies the highest school grade the client has completed.
- 0 Less than one grade completed
- 1-25 Years of school (highest grade) completed
GUIDELINES: States that use specific categories for some code numbers should map their codes to a logical number of years of school completed. For General Equivalency Degree, use 12. For Associate’s Degree, use 14. For Bachelor’s Degree, use 16.
Identifies client’s specific Hispanic origin
- Puerto Rican—Of Puerto Rican origin, regardless of race
- Mexican—Of Mexican origin, regardless of race
- Cuban—Of Cuban origin, regardless of race
- Other specific Hispanic—Of known Central or South American or any other Spanish cultural origin (including Spain), other than Puerto Rican, Mexican, or Cuban, regardless of race
- Hispanic (specific origin not specified)—Of Hispanic origin, but specific origin not known or not specified
- Not of Hispanic origin
GUIDELINES: If a State does not collect specific Hispanic detail, code Ethnicity for Hispanics as Hispanic (specific origin not specified).
NUMBER OF PRIOR TREATMENT EPISODES
Indicates the number of previous treatment episodes the client has received in any drug or alcohol program. Changes in service for the same episode (transfers) should not be counted as separate prior episodes.
- 0 previous episodes
- 1 previous episode
- 2 previous episodes
- 3 previous episodes
- 4 previous episodes
- 5 or more previous episodes
GUIDELINES: It is preferred that the number of prior treatments be a self-reported field collected at the time of client intake. However, this data item may be derived from the State data system if the system has that capability, and episodes can be counted for at least several years.
Identifies the client’s employment status at the time of admission or transfer.
- Full time—Working 35 hours or more each week, including active-duty members of the
- Part time—Working fewer than 35 hours each week
- Unemployed—Looking for work during the past 30 days or on layoff from a job
- Not in labor force—Not looking for work during the past 30 days, or a student, homemaker, disabled, retired, or an inmate of an institution
GUIDELINES: Seasonal workers should be coded according to their employment status at time of admission.
PRINCIPAL SOURCE OF REFERRAL
Describes the person or agency referring the client to the alcohol or drug abuse treatment
Individual (includes self-referral)—Includes the client, a family member, friend, or any other individual who would not be included in any of the following categories; includes self-referral due to pending DWI/DUI
- Alcohol/drug abuse care provider—Any program, clinic, or other health care provider whose principal objective is treating clients with substance abuse problems, or a program whose activities are related to alcohol or other drug abuse prevention, education, or treatment
- Other health care provider—A physician, psychiatrist, or other licensed health care professional; or general hospital, psychiatric hospital, mental health program, or nursing home
- School (educational)—A school principal, counselor, or teacher; or a student assistance program (SAP), the school system, or an educational agency
- Employer/EAP—A supervisor or an employee counselor
- Other community referral—A community or religious organization or any Federal, State, or local agency that provides aid in the areas of poverty relief, unemployment, shelter, or social welfare; defense attorneys and self-help groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Al-Anon, and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are also included in this category
- Court/criminal justice referral/DUI/DWI—Any police official, judge, prosecutor, probation officer, or other person affiliated with a Federal, State, or county judicial system; includes referral by a court before or after official adjudication for DWI/DUI; in lieu of prosecution, for deferred prosecution, pretrial release, pre-parole, pre-release, work or home furlough, civil commitment, or TASC
SUBSTANCE PROBLEM (PRIMARY, SECONDARY, OR TERTIARY)
These fields identify the client’s primary, secondary, and tertiary substance problems.
- Marijuana—Includes hashish, THC and any other cannabis sativa preparations
- Non-prescription methadone
- Other opiates and synthetics—Includes buprenorphine, codeine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, morphine, opium, oxycodone, pentazocine, propoxyphene, tramadol, and any other drug with morphine-like effects
- Hallucinogens—Includes LSD, DMT, STP, hallucinogens, mescaline, peyote, psilocybin, etc.
- Other amphetamines—Includes amphetamines, MDMA, phenmetrazine, and other unspecified amines and related drugs
- Other stimulants—Includes methylphenidate and any other stimulants
- Benzodiazepines—Includes alprazolam, chlordiazepoxide, clonazepam, clorazepate, diazepam, flunitrazepam, flurazepam, halazepam, lorazepam, oxazepam, prazepam, temazepam, triazolam, and other unspecified benzodiazepines
- Other non-benzodiazepine tranquilizers—Includes meprobamate and other non-benzodiazepine tranquilizers
- Barbiturates—Includes amobarbital, pentobarbital, phenobarbital, secobarbital, etc.
- Other non-barbiturate sedatives or hypnotics—Includes chloral hydrate, ethchlorvynol, glutethimide, methaqualone, and other non-barbiturate sedatives or hypnotics
- Inhalants—Includes chloroform, ether, gasoline, glue, nitrous oxide, paint thinner, etc.
- Over-the-counter medications—Includes aspirin, cough syrup, diphenhydramine and other antihistamines, sleep aids, and any other legally obtained non-prescription medication
- Other—Includes diphenylhydantoin/phenytoin, GHB/GBL, ketamine, etc.
USUAL ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION (OF PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY SUBSTANCES)
These fields identify the usual route of administration of the respective substances.
- Injection—IV or intramuscular
FREQUENCY OF USE (OF PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY SUBSTANCES)
These fields identify the frequency of use of the respective substances.
- No use in the past month
- 1-3 times in the past month
- 1-2 times in the past week
- 3-6 times in the past week
AGE OF FIRST USE (OF PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY SUBSTANCE)
For drugs other than alcohol, these fields identify the age at which the client first used the respective substance. For alcohol, these fields record the age of first intoxication.
- 0 Indicates a newborn with a substance dependency problem
- 1-96 Indicates the age at first use
MEDICATION-ASSISTED OPIOID THERAPY
Identifies whether the use of methadone or buprenorphine is part of the client’s treatment plan.
TEDS Discharge Data Set
TYPE OF SERVICE AT DISCHARGE
See TEDS Minimum Data Set item Type of service at admission for definitions.
DATE OF LAST CONTACT
The date when the client was last seen for a treatment. The date may be the same as the date of discharge. In the event of a change of service or provider within an episode of treatment, it is the date the client transferred to another service or provider.
DATE OF DISCHARGE
The date when the client was formally discharged from the treatment facility or service. The date may be the same as the date of last contact. In the event of a change of service or provider within a treatment episode, it is the date the service terminated or the date the treatment ended at a particular provider.
REASON FOR DISCHARGE, TRANSFER, OR DISCONTINUANCE OF TREATMENT
Indicates the outcome of treatment or the reason for transfer or discontinuance of treatment.
- Treatment completed—All parts of the treatment plan or program were completed
- Transferred to another substance abuse program or facility—Client was transferred to another substance abuse treatment program, provider, or facility; client may or may not have reported the new program or facility
- Left against professional advice (dropped out)—Client chose not to complete treatment program, with or without specific advice to continue treatment; includes clients who dropped out for unknown reasons and clients who are administratively discharged
- Terminated by facility—Treatment terminated by action of facility, generally because of client non-compliance or violation of rules, laws, or procedures (excludes client drop-out, incarcerated, or client-motivated reason for discontinuance)
- Incarcerated—Jail, prison, house confinement
- Other—Client moved, became ill, was hospitalized, or other reason somewhat out of client’s control
Unknown—Client status at discharge not known (for example, record incomplete or lost)