Chapter 10

Medication-Assisted Opioid Detoxification Discharges: 2007

Reason for Discharge
Median Length of Stay (LOS)
Characteristics at Admission
Treatment Completion

Chapter 10 presents data on the reason for discharge and median length of stay (LOS) in treatment for the 12,697 linked admission/discharge records of discharges from medication-assisted opioid detoxification (i.e., detoxification with methadone or buprenorphine) in 2007. Twenty-three of the 46 reporting States had discharges for this type of service [Table 10.1]. Discharges from medication-assisted opioid detoxification included 80 percent from outpatient detoxification, 14 percent from free-standing residential detoxification, and 7 percent from hospital detoxification1 (see Chapter 2).

Reason for Discharge

Table 10.1 and Figure 10.1. Of the 12,697 medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges in 2007:1

Figure 10.1
Reason for discharge from medication-assisted opioid detoxification: TEDS 2007

Pie chart comparing Reason for discharge from medication-assisted opioid detoxification in TEDS 2007


1 Percentages do not sum to 100 percent because of rounding.

Median Length of Stay (LOS)

Table 2.4 and Figure 10.2. The median LOS for medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges was 17 days. By reason for discharge, the median LOS for medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges was:

Figure 10.2
Median length of stay in medication-assisted opioid detoxification, by reason for discharge: TEDS 2007

Bar chart comparing Median length of stay in medication-assisted opioid detoxification, by reason for discharge in TEDS 2007

Characteristics at Admission

Table 2.6. Medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges displayed some major differences from all discharges combined. Of medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges:

Treatment Completion

Tables 10.2 and 10.3. Table 10.2 enumerates the characteristics at admission of discharges from medication-assisted opioid detoxification by reason for discharge. Table 10.3 is based on Table 10.2. It presents two related proportions: a) the percent distribution of characteristics at admission among discharges completing treatment or transferring to further treatment compared to those who did not complete treatment, and b) the combined rate of completion or transfer to further treatment by characteristic at admission.

Completion/Transfer Rates and Characteristics at Admission

The overall combined treatment completion/transfer rate among medication-assisted opioid detoxification discharges was 50 percent.

Median LOS among Discharges Completing Treatment

The overall median LOS among discharges completing medication-assisted opioid detoxification was 21 days. For most characteristics at admission, the median LOS was within 11 days of that number, between 14 days and 30 days.

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