Table 3.7
Heroin admissions aged 12 and older receiving medication-assisted opioid therapy,1 by usual route of administration and age group: TEDS 1998-2008
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions.]
Usual route of administration and age group 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Total heroin admissions 246,788 257,208 269,967 277,243 284,200 273,567 261,312 259,630 265,962 248,061 267,335
Percentage of heroin admissions receiving medication-assisted opioid therapy 39.7 38.5 36.6 35.6 35.1 32.4 31.1 30.1 29.7 29.1 30.2
Usual route of administration
Injection 45.8 44.8 42.7 40.7 38.9 35.2 33.2 30.8 29.4 29.0 30.4
Inhalation 32.3 29.5 29.1 31.0 32.2 30.4 28.4 28.5 30.2 28.7 29.9
Smoking 48.3 49.7 47.0 39.2 39.2 37.3 38.1 35.8 33.6 34.4 29.5
Other 25.0 25.4 20.1 21.1 23.1 23.0 31.8 26.7 26.3 23.1 24.2
No. of admissions 224,375 234,868 250,737 257,451 264,173 251,830 237,855 252,070 258,056 235,369 229,910
Age group
12 to 19 years 14.1 14.7 16.1 15.4 15.1 13.7 12.0 11.2 11.5 13.1 11.8
20 to 34 years 32.0 30.8 28.8 28.7 28.1 26.0 24.8 23.6 22.9 22.6 23.5
35 to 44 years 43.7 41.9 39.3 38.0 37.1 33.8 32.3 31.4 30.3 29.9 31.7
45 years and older 54.3 52.7 50.5 48.4 47.6 44.0 43.1 42.1 42.3 40.5 41.5
No. of admissions 241,734 251,807 268,308 275,551 282,771 269,787 255,903 254,004 259,686 236,464 230,918
1Medication-assisted opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine as part of the client's treatment.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 10.6.08.

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