Table 3.7. Heroin admissions aged 12 and older with planned medication-assisted opioid therapy,1 by usual route of administration and age group: 1999-2009
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions. See Table 4.2a.]
Usual route of administration
and age group
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total heroin admissions 257,208 269,875 277,268 284,324 273,756 262,278 260,591 268,731 262,579 281,159 282,212
Total medication-assisted opioid therapy admissions 38.5 36.6 35.6 35.1 32.4 31.1 30.1 30.1 29.3 29.2 28.5
Usual route of administration
Injection 44.8 42.7 40.8 39.0 35.3 33.3 30.9 29.6 28.8 28.3 27.2
Inhalation 29.5 29.1 31.0 32.2 30.4 28.3 28.3 31.1 29.9 30.9 31.2
Smoking 49.7 47.0 39.2 39.2 37.3 38.1 35.7 33.1 34.5 31.4 31.3
Other 25.4 20.1 21.1 23.1 23.0 32.0 26.8 26.2 23.7 23.2 21.2
No. of admissions 234,868 250,645 257,476 264,297 252,019 238,830 253,019 260,826 255,920 274,485 276,176
Age group
12 to 19 years 14.7 16.1 15.5 15.1 13.8 12.0 11.1 11.3 13.4 12.4 13.8
20 to 34 years 30.8 28.8 28.7 28.1 26.0 24.8 23.6 22.9 22.7 22.4 22.4
35 to 44 years 41.9 39.3 38.0 37.1 33.8 32.2 31.4 31.1 30.4 30.8 30.8
45 years and older 52.7 50.5 48.4 47.7 44.1 43.1 42.1 43.5 41.1 41.7 40.4
No. of admissions 251,807 268,216 275,576 282,895 269,976 256,878 254,957 262,455 257,160 275,961 276,944
1 Medication-assisted opioid therapy with methadone or buprenorphine planned as part of the client's treatment.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.03.10.

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