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Birmingham-Hoover, AL

Drug misuse deaths reported to DAWN 95
Suicide deaths reported to DAWN 12
Metro area population, 2004 1,082,193
Population covered by DAWN 658,495
Percent of population covered by DAWN 61%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2004
Metro area component Drug misuse Suicide Total
population
Deaths Rate1 Deaths Rate1
§ Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
1 Deaths per 1,000,000 population.
Total participating (1) 95 144.3 12 18.2 658,495
1. Bibb County, AL§         21,317
2. Blount County, AL§         54,988
3. Chilton County, AL§         41,466
4. Jefferson County, AL 95 144.3 12 18.2 658,495
5. Shelby County, AL§         165,677
6. St. Clair County, AL§         70,245
7. Walker County, AL§         70,005

Deaths by case type, 2004
Suicide 11.2%
Overmedication 24.3%
Homicide 0.0%
All other accidental 57.9%
Could not be determined 6.5%

Place of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Health care facility 15
Home 46
Public place 19
Other 15
Not documented 0

Suicide Deaths
Health care facility --
Home 7
Public place --
Other --
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug misuse deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 0 60 60
Cocaine 15 41 56
Benzodiazepines 0 38 38
Antidepressants 0 24 24
Alcohol 0 23 23

Top 5 drugs involved: Suicide deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 0 5 5
Cocaine 0 5 5
Opiates/opioids 0 4 4
Benzodiazepines 0 4 4
Alcohol 0 4 4

Death rates by gender and age: Drug misuse, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 202.0
Female 92.3

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 21.6
21 to 34 184.7
35 to 54 288.6
55 and over 77.7

Death rates by gender and age: Suicide, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 25.7
Female 11.5

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 0.0
21 to 34 32.1
35 to 54 30.9
55 and over 13.0

Causes of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Any drug-related cause 75
– Abuse 59
– Drug or alcohol 73
– Toxic effects 30
Body systems (includes infections) 25
Accidents and injuries 24

Suicide Deaths
Any drug-related cause 8
– Abuse --
– Drug or alcohol 8
– Toxic effects 6
Body systems (includes infections) --
Accidents and injuries 5

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2003-2004
Drug category Drug misuse Suicide
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
2 Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
3 Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
4 Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 89 95 15 7 12 0
Alcohol2 24 23 0 4 4  
Cocaine 47 56 15 -- 5  
Marijuana -- -- 0 0 0  
Stimulants 4 4 0 0 0  
Club drugs3 -- -- 0 0 0  
Hallucinogens4 0 0 0 0 0  
Inhalants 0 0 0 0 0  
 
Antidepressants 30 24 0 -- 5  
Antipsychotics 6 -- 0 0 --  
Benzodiazepines 37 38 0 4 4  
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 16 14 0 -- --  
Opiates/opioids 61 60 0 5 4  
– Heroin (specified) -- -- 0 0 0  
– Methadone 30 28 0 -- --  
– All other opiates/opioids 40 43 0 -- --  
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 -- 0 0 0  
Salicylates/combinations 4 -- 0 -- 0  
Misc. analgesics/combinations 12 6 0 -- 0  
Anticonvulsants 8 -- 0 0 --  
Muscle relaxants 8 8 0 -- --  

End Notes
-- Indicates a number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network 2004 (11/2005 update).

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