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Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

Drug misuse deaths reported to DAWN 445
Suicide deaths reported to DAWN 50
Metro area population, 2004 4,424,649
Population covered by DAWN 4,424,649
Percent of population covered by DAWN 100%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2004
Metro area component Drug misuse Suicide Total
population
Deaths Rate1 Deaths Rate1
* Indicates area featured in Spotlight section.
1 Deaths per 1,000,000 population.
Total participating (7) 445 100.6 50 11.3 4,424,649
1. Essex County, MA* 79 106.9 11 14.9 738,984
2. Middlesex County, MA* 121 82.6 11 7.5 1,464,628
3. Norfolk County, MA 55 84.1 9 13.8 653,617
4. Plymouth County, MA 33 67.3 3 6.1 490,655
5. Suffolk County, MA* 128 192.2 13 19.5 666,022
6. Rockingham County, NH 24 82.0 2 6.8 292,526
7. Strafford County, NH 5 42.3 1 8.5 118,217

Deaths by case type, 2004
Suicide 10.1%
Overmedication 1.8%
Homicide 0.0%
All other accidental 7.3%
Could not be determined 80.8%

Place of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Health care facility 92
Home 235
Public place 30
Other 59
Not documented 29

Suicide Deaths
Health care facility 11
Home 30
Public place --
Other --
Not documented --

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug misuse deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 132 191 323
Cocaine 35 129 164
Alcohol 2 125 127
Antidepressants 10 37 47
Benzodiazepines 3 37 40

Top 5 drugs involved: Suicide deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Alcohol 0 16 16
Cocaine 5 7 12
Antipsychotics 4 7 11
Antidepressants 2 8 10
Opiates/opioids 4 4 8

Death rates by gender and age: Drug misuse, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 150.2
Female 54.1

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 11.8
21 to 34 138.7
35 to 54 208.1
55 and over 25.9

Death rates by gender and age: Suicide, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 12.1
Female 10.6

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 3.4
21 to 34 18.8
35 to 54 16.7
55 and over 7.0

Causes of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Any drug-related cause 443
– Abuse 97
– Drug or alcohol 439
– Toxic effects 402
Body systems (includes infections) 60
Accidents and injuries 58

Suicide Deaths
Any drug-related cause 47
– Abuse --
– Drug or alcohol 46
– Toxic effects 38
Body systems (includes infections) 6
Accidents and injuries 24

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2003-2004
Drug category Drug misuse Suicide
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
2 Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
3 Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
4 Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 486 445 193 63 50 25
Alcohol2 114 127 -- 15 16 0
Cocaine 216 164 35 21 12 5
Marijuana 18 7 -- 0 -- 0
Stimulants -- 4 -- 0 0 0
Club drugs3 -- -- -- 0 0 0
Hallucinogens4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inhalants 5 -- -- -- -- --
 
Antidepressants 32 47 10 11 10 --
Antipsychotics 10 7 -- 5 11 4
Benzodiazepines 88 40 -- 7 7 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 5 5 0 5 6 --
Opiates/opioids 316 323 132 23 8 4
– Heroin (specified) 109 142 67 -- 0 0
– Methadone 35 40 19 -- 0 0
– All other opiates/opioids 188 150 46 20 8 4
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salicylates/combinations -- 0 0 -- 0 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations 4 8 4 -- 4 4
Anticonvulsants -- -- 0 0 0 0
Muscle relaxants -- -- 0 0 -- 0

End Notes
-- Indicates a number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network 2004 (11/2005 update).

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