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Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Drug misuse deaths reported to DAWN 644
Suicide deaths reported to DAWN 51
Metro area population, 2004 4,493,165
Population covered by DAWN 4,223,117
Percent of population covered by DAWN 94%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2004
Metro area component Drug misuse Suicide Total
population
Deaths Rate1 Deaths Rate1
§ Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
* Indicates area featured in Spotlight section.
1 Deaths per 1,000,000 population.
Total participating (4) 644 152.5 51 12.1 4,223,117
1. Lapeer County, MI§         92,510
2. Livingston County, MI§         177,538
3. Macomb County, MI* 110 133.7 9 10.9 822,660
4. Oakland County, MI* 120 98.9 28 23.1 1,213,339
5. St. Clair County, MI 13 76.1 1 5.9 170,916
6. Wayne County, MI* 401 198.9 13 6.4 2,016,202

Deaths by case type, 2004
Suicide 7.3%
Overmedication 13.1%
Homicide 0.0%
All other accidental 51.7%
Could not be determined 27.9%

Place of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Health care facility 201
Home 320
Public place 16
Other 105
Not documented --

Suicide Deaths
Health care facility 14
Home 27
Public place --
Other 7
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug misuse deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 20 493 513
Cocaine 45 277 322
Benzodiazepines 0 194 194
Alcohol 0 157 157
Antidepressants 3 139 142

Top 5 drugs involved: Suicide deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 1 20 21
Antidepressants 0 19 19
Benzodiazepines 1 16 17
Alcohol 0 17 17
Marijuana 3 6 9

Death rates by gender and age: Drug misuse, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 214.4
Female 94.1

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 16.1
21 to 34 176.7
35 to 54 346.6
55 and over 46.2

Death rates by gender and age: Suicide, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 16.1
Female 8.3

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 1.6
21 to 34 14.6
35 to 54 24.8
55 and over 6.4

Causes of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Any drug-related cause 620
– Abuse 251
– Drug or alcohol 619
– Toxic effects 346
Body systems (includes infections) 62
Accidents and injuries 17

Suicide Deaths
Any drug-related cause 39
– Abuse 0
– Drug or alcohol 39
– Toxic effects 39
Body systems (includes infections) --
Accidents and injuries 11

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2003-2004
Drug category Drug misuse Suicide
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
2 Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
3 Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
4 Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 546 644 75 53 51 9
Alcohol2 156 157 0 20 17 0
Cocaine 289 322 45 6 9 4
Marijuana 37 46 -- -- 9 --
Stimulants 4 4 0 -- 0 0
Club drugs3 0 -- 0 0 0 0
Hallucinogens4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inhalants 0 4 0 -- 0 0
 
Antidepressants 109 142 -- 20 19 0
Antipsychotics 25 35 -- 6 8 0
Benzodiazepines 144 194 0 23 17 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 88 117 0 15 7 0
Opiates/opioids 418 513 20 35 21 --
– Heroin (specified) 72 194 -- 0 0 0
– Methadone 75 82 5 -- -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids (not heroin or methadone) 348 419 12 35 19 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents -- -- 0 0 0 0
Salicylates/combinations -- -- -- -- -- 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations 20 30 0 8 6 0
Anticonvulsants 10 12 0 -- -- 0
Muscle relaxants 35 45 -- -- 5 0

End Notes
-- Indicates a number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network 2004 (11/2005 update).

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