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Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 54
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 15
Metro area population, 2005 512,992
Population covered by DAWN 512,992
Percent of population covered by DAWN 100%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2005
Metro area component Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Total participating (3) 54 10.5 15 2.9 512,992
1. Cumberland County, ME 35 12.8 10 3.6 274,194
2. Sagadahoc County, ME 1 2.7 0 0.0 36,734
3. York County, ME 18 8.9 5 2.5 202,064

Deaths by manner of death, 2005
Suicide 21.7%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 7.2%
Natural/accidental 71.0%

Place of death, 2005
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 16
Home 28
Public place 4
Other 6
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 4
Home 10
Public place --
Other 0
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 19 28 47
Alcohol 1 14 15
Benzodiazepines 0 9 9
Cocaine 2 7 9
Antidepressants 0 8 8

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 3 3 6
Opiates/opioids 1 4 5
Benzodiazepines 0 4 4
Alcohol 0 4 4

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 14.4
Female 6.9

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 2.2
21 to 34 19.5
35 to 54 19.1
55 and over 2.3

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related suicide, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 2.0
Female 3.8

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.0
21 to 34 3.7
35 to 54 5.4
55 and over 2.3

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2004-2005
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005 Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 50 54 23 7 15 6
Alcohol* 13 15 -- -- 4 0
Cocaine 14 9 -- -- 0 0
Marijuana 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stimulants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Club drugs -- -- 0 0 0 0
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inhalants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Antidepressants 10 8 0 -- 6 --
Antipsychotics -- -- -- -- -- 0
Benzodiazepines 11 9 0 -- 4 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics -- -- 0 -- -- 0
Opiates/opioids 42 47 19 -- 5 --
– Heroin (specified) -- 5 -- 0 -- --
– Methadone 31 20 11 0 -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 12 28 7 -- -- 0
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 0 0 0 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations -- -- 0 0 -- 0
Anticonvulsants -- -- 0 -- -- --
Muscle relaxants 0 -- 0 0 0 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2005 (08/2008 update).

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