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Birmingham-Hoover, AL

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 115
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 7
Metro area population, 2007 1,108,210
Population covered by DAWN 658,779
Percent of population covered by DAWN 59%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2007
Metro area component Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (1) 115 17.5 7 1.1 658,779
1. Bibb County, AL*         21,535
2. Blount County, AL*         56,614
3. Chilton County, AL*         42,299
4. Jefferson County, AL 115 17.5 7 1.1 658,779
5. Shelby County, AL*         182,113
6. St. Clair County, AL*         78,054
7. Walker County, AL*         68,816

Deaths by manner of death, 2007
Suicide 5.7%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 8.2%
Accidental 81.1%
Natural 4.9%

Place of death, 2007
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 17
Home 62
Public place 16
Other 20
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility --
Home 5
Public place 0
Other 0
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2007
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 3 77 80
Cocaine 15 40 55
Benzodiazepines 0 35 35
Antidepressants 1 32 33
Alcohol 0 24 24

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2007
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 2 2 4

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2007
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 23.7
Female 11.8

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 4.3
21 to 34 22.3
35 to 54 32.7
55 and over 11.0

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2007
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.3
Female 0.9

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.0
21 to 34 1.7
35 to 54 1.0
55 and over 1.8

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2006-2007
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2006 Deaths, 2007 Single-drug deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2006 Deaths, 2007 Single-drug deaths, 2007
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 115 115 20 9 7 --
Alcohol* 29 24 0 -- -- --
Cocaine 64 55 15 -- 0 --
Marijuana -- 0 0 0 0 --
Stimulants -- -- 0 0 0 --
Club drugs -- 0 0 0 0 --
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 0 0 0 --
Inhalants 0 0 0 0 0 --
Antidepressants 29 33 -- 6 -- --
Antipsychotics 5 5 0 -- 0 --
Benzodiazepines 29 35 0 7 0 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 10 18 -- -- 4 --
Opiates/opioids 70 80 -- 6 -- --
– Heroin (specified) 4 5 0 0 0 --
– Methadone 40 36 -- 0 0 --
– All other opiates/opioids 47 57 -- 6 -- --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 0 0 --
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 0 0 0 --
Misc. analgesics/combinations 6 12 0 -- -- --
Anticonvulsants -- 5 0 0 0 --
Muscle relaxants -- 9 0 -- 0 --

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2007 (08/2008 update).

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