Worker Drug Use and Workplace Policies and Programs: Results from the 1994 and 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse
In 1994, the majority of full-time employed current illicit drug users worked in small establishments (57% in small (1-24 employees); 30% in medium (25-499 employees), and 13% in large (500 or more employees). However, by 1997, only 44 percent of current illicit drug users worked in small establishments, 43 percent worked in medium establishments, and 13 percent worked in large establishments.
Similarly in 1994, nearly half of full-time employed heavy alcohol users worked in small establishments (44%), 40 percent worked in medium establishments, and 16 percent worked in large establishments. By 1997, only slightly more than one-third of full-time employed heavy alcohol users worked in small establishments (36%), nearly half worked in medium establishments (47%), and 17 percent worked in large establishments.
While 8 percent of all full-time workers age 18-49 in 1997 had used illicit drugs in the past month, rates were significantly higher for some occupational categories. Among the occupational groups studied, food preparation workers, waiters, and bartenders had the highest rates of both current illicit drug and heavy alcohol use at 19 percent and 15 percent, respectively. Other occupational categories showing high rates of illicit drug use were construction (14%), other service occupations (13%), and transportation and material moving (10%).
While nearly 8 percent of all full-time workers age 18-49 in 1997 reported current heavy alcohol use, rates were significantly higher among handlers, helpers and laborers (14%) and construction workers (12%).
In 1997, the rates of current illicit drug use and heavy alcohol use were higher among workers age 18-25 than among older workers, and higher among males than females. Rates were also higher among white, non-Hispanics than among black, non-Hispanics or Hispanics and among those with less than a high school education than among those with a high school degree or more education.
This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.